The Age of Jefferson. Topic: Ch. 6

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1 Topic: Ch. 6 Main Idea Election of 1800 Aaron Burr Laissez-faire John Marshall Mississippi River Fletcher v. Peck Louisiana Territory Louisiana Purchase The Age of Jefferson Details/Notes In this election, candidates wrote letters to leading citizens and newspapers to publicize their views. This letter-writing campaign, however, was not nice and both parties attacked each other. Nonetheless, in end, this election proved that a peaceful transfer of power could take place, even though both sides disagreed on how to govern the nation. He was from New York and was the Republican vice presidential nominee with Thomas Jefferson. He shot and killed Alexander Hamilton A French philosophy that means let do and is often interpreted as let people do as they choose The Chief Justice who helped extend the power of the Supreme Court This river was vital to Western farmers because they needed it to ship goods down the river to New Orleans to get their goods to Eastern markets. In this case the Court declared a Georgia rule unconstitutional because it broke the sanctity of contracts the idea that such written agreements are legally binding This area stretched from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains, south to New Orleans and its northern boundaries were undefined. In 1800 it still belonged to Spain. Spain transferred this territory to France in Jefferson was afraid that the French control would jeopardize American trade on the Mississippi River. Because of this, Jefferson authorized a negotiation for the purchase of this territory. In 1803, the United States bought this land for $15 million and doubled the size of the nation. This agreement approved by Thomas Jefferson allowed the United States to purchase land between

2 National Debt New Orleans Northern Confederacy Meriwether Lewis and William Clark Sacagawea The Shawnee and the Creek The Second Great Awakening Dame schools Washington Irving the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains. Jefferson worried that the purchase would violate the Constitution. Thomas Jefferson and Albert Gallatin were able to significantly reduce the debt within a few years by reducing the size of the military which lowered military spending. This was an important port city that shipped Southern agriculture goods to Northern and European markets Many Federalists were opposed to the purchase of the Louisiana Territory because they thought the land would become Republican. They wanted New England to form this confederacy. They led the first expedition of the Louisiana Territory. This expedition also helped the U.S. to gain information that would help them settle the frontier. She was a Shoshone woman who joined the Lewis and Clark expedition as a guide. Native American groups who mounted armed resistance against white settlers. A religious revival that swept the nation. The gatherings, known as camp meetings, were accessible and understandable to everyone. They stressed the equality of all believers were equal before God and promised salvation for all who believed. Because of this belief in equality before God, many African Americans converted to Christianity. The Second Great Awakening also gave people the determination to better their lives and improve society as a whole. Many joined movements to end slavery, curb drinking, and advance education. These were schools located in women s homes where they taught reading and writing and other useful skills such as sewing. An American author who wrote The Sketch Book, a

3 Hudson River School A Rural Nation Thomas Jefferson James Fenimore Cooper African Americans Cherokee Enslaved people collection of short stories that were mostly set in rural New York. The story of Rip Van Winkle comes from this book. He was also the author of The Legend of Sleepy Hollow which describes the schoolteacher Ichabod Crane s encounter with a headless horseman. An art school lead by the successful landscape painter Thomas Doughty. This school was made up of artists who liked to paint views of the Catskill Mountains and the Hudson River in New York. Most Americans during the 1800s, lived in rural areas although they occupied the land in very different ways in different regions of the country. During his presidency he asserted some power over the judicial branch by not allowing some appointments of Supreme Court judges that Adams appointed before he left office. He was a New York author who wrote distinctly American novels such as The Last of the Mohicans and The Deerslayer that were Northern cities attracted free African Americans during the 1800s. Slavery in the North had declined since northern farming did not depend on slave labor; rather it depended on families and paid workers. By 1804, most northern cities had passed laws ending slavery. This Native American group tried, along with others, to adjust peacefully to white American settlers. To defend their freedom and prevent further loss of land, the Cherokee adopted written laws and a constitution patterned after those of American states. They could be found mostly on Southern farms and plantations. The labored together from dawn to dusk and were closely supervised. About three out of every four white Southerners had no enslaved workers.

4 pioneers During this period of time people moved west into Kentucky, Tennessee, and the Northwest Territory. They travelled by horseback, in wagons, or by boat. Twelfth Amendment To prevent another tie like in the election of 1800, Congress created this amendment that requires electors to vote for the president and vice president on separate ballots. James Madison He was Secretary of State under Jefferson and the person who was told not to deliver the legal papers to the judges Adams appointed before he left office. Nationalism This is a spirit of pride in a nation and loyalty to its goals. Because of this early American artists chose Stephen C. Foster American topics for their work. He combined African and European music to create uniquely American melodies about life in the South, such as My Old Kentucky Home and Swanee River. public school system This was created because public schools were successful in Massachusetts and Pennsylvania and it was recognized that a strong democracy depended on well educated citizens working class At the bottom of the economic and social ladder was this class that had to struggle to survive in the big cities. Many lived in crowded tenements or rented row houses.

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