Read Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch. Marbury V.

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1 Jefferson Charts a New Course CREATE A TWO COLUMN *Jefferson s first goal limit the federal gov t s power over states and citizens. *Jefferson thought the federal gov t under Washington and Adams had become too involved in economic affairs. He believed in laissez faire ( let alone gov t should not interfere in economy). lazz ay... fair ay New Republican Policies *Jefferson put his laissez faire ideas into place when he reduced the number of people in gov t (saved money). He fired all tax collectors and cut number of US diplomats (saved money). *Jefferson cut army s budget in half, reducing size from 4,000 to about 2,500. He also eliminated all federal taxes inside the country. (Tax revenue came from tariffs) *People imprisoned under Sedition Acts were released. Federalist Policies Remain *Jefferson could not reverse all Federalist policies. US had to keep repaying its debt. He also did not fire most Federalist officeholders if they did their job well and were loyal citizens. kept Read Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch *Use 269 Marbury V. Madison (1803) Legislative Branch Judicial Branch Executive Branch 1

2 The Supreme Court and Judicial Review Marbury v. Madison to establish the principle of judicial review the authority of the Supreme Court to strike down unconstitutional laws. As well as making the Judicial branch equal to the other two. This is still one of most important powers of the Supreme Court. 2

3 Review Questions 1. Why did the election of 1800 have to be decided in the House of Re presentatives? Two candidates received the most votes, forcing the House to decide who would be President and who would be Vice President. 2. What action did Jefferson take as President to help those convicted under the Sedition Act? He refused to renew the Sedition Act, refunded the fines that had been collected under the act, and released all those imprisoned under the act. 3. What is judicial review? the principle that the Supreme Court can decide if an act of Congress is constitutional or not 3

4 The Louisiana Purchase * * * * * * * * * * * * Focus Question: What was the importance of the purchase and exploration of the Louisiana Territory? *Jefferson reduced the size of the federal gov t and was interested in the American West. The Nation Looks West *By 1800 more than 1 million settlers lived between Appalachian Mts. and Mississippi River. *Most western settlers were farmers and depended on Mississippi River to transport crops to New Orleans for shipment. *Spain controlled Mississippi River and New Orleans. *1795 Pinckney Treaty guaranteed the Americans right to ship goods down Mississippi River to New Orleans. *1801 Jefferson discovered that Spain secretly gave New Orleans and Louisiana Territory to France. *French leader Napoleon Bonaparte was trying to conquer Europe and Jefferson feared he would try to make France the most powerful country in America. If Napoleon controlled Louisiana, westward expansion of the US would be blocked. Buying Louisiana *Before France gained control of Louisiana, Spanish governor of Louisiana withdrew right of Americans to ship their goods to New Orleans. Westerners demanded Jefferson go to war to win back their rights. A Surprise Offer *Jefferson tried to buy New Orleans from the French. He sent James Monroe to France to make a deal. Robert Livingston, the American minister in Paris. They were to buy New Orleans and West Florida. *In Paris, Monroe and Livingston found out that a revolution led by Toussaint L Ouverture had driven the French from their Caribbean colony of Haiti. As a result, the French could not defend Louisiana if a war occurred. *Since war was also possible between France and Britain, Napoleon needed money to prepare for war. France offered to sell New Orleans and the entire Louisiana Territory to the United for $15 million (4 cents per acre). *Louisiana Purchase included land from Gulf of Mexico to Canada and from Mississippi River to Rocky Mountains. *The Louisiana Purchase almost doubled the size of the country. It was unexplored but had millions of acres of fertile farmland and other natural resources. It also gave the US control of the Mississippi River. 4

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