4. is an increased rate of red blood cell destruction. A) Sickle-cell disease B) Hemolytic anemia C) Pernicious anemia Ans: B

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "4. is an increased rate of red blood cell destruction. A) Sickle-cell disease B) Hemolytic anemia C) Pernicious anemia Ans: B"

Transcription

1 Chapter 11: Blood 1. The hematocrit is composed mainly of A) plasma. B) white blood cells. C) platelets. D) red blood cells. 2. Fifty-five percent of blood is A) liquid. B) plasma. C) formed elements. D) liquid and plasma. 3. Hemoglobin A) contains iron. B) carries O 2. C) is in red blood cells. D) is described by all of these characteristics. 4. is an increased rate of red blood cell destruction. A) Sickle-cell disease B) Hemolytic anemia C) Pernicious anemia 5. is a genetic disease. A) Sickle-cell disease B) Hemolytic anemia C) Pernicious anemia 6. is a lack of vitamin. A) Sickle-cell disease B) Hemolytic anemia C) Pernicious anemia Ans: C Page 84

2 7. are granules. A) neutrophiles B) lymphocytes C) neutrophiles and lymphocytes 8. are white blood cells. A) neutrophiles B) lymphocytes C) neutrophiles and lymphocytes Ans: C 9. are mononuclear. A) neutrophiles B) lymphocytes C) neutrophiles and lymphocytes 10. Leukemia involves A) uncontrolled production of abnormal white blood cells. B) a decrease in leukocyte production. C) a viral infection. D) a bacterial infection. 11. Platelets A) have a nucleus. B) are cell fragments. C) are produced in the spleen. D) are described by all of these characteristics. 12. Blood transports A) oxygen. B) glucose. C) urea. D) all of these. Page 85

3 figure Which letter in figure 11.1 indicates the movement of oxygen and glucose? Ans: b 14. Which letter in figure 11.1 points to the arteriole? Ans: a 15. Which letter in figure 11.1 indicates the movement of water and carbon dioxide? Ans: c 16. Which pressure is greater on the arteriole side? A) blood B) osmotic C) blood and osmotic are the same 17. An increase in the osmotic pressure of the blood results in a(n) A) increase in blood volume. B) decrease in blood volume. C) decrease in the amount of tissue fluid. D) increase in blood volume and a decrease in the amount of tissue fluid. 18. What is needed for hemostasis? A) platelets B) proteins C) vitamin K D) all of these 19. Serum is plasma minus A) platelets. B) fibrinogen. C) prothrombin. D) Both B and C are correct. Page 86

4 20. Which type of white blood cell has the lowest percentage in a blood sample? A) lymphocytes B) eosinophils C) basophils D) monocytes Ans: C 21. Which type of white blood cell has the largest percentage in a blood sample? A) eosinophils B) neutrophils C) basophils D) lymphocytes 22. The hormone that is released by the kidney that promotes the production of red blood cells is A) insulin. B) thyroxin. C) erythropoietin. D) estrogen. Ans: C 23. The most common type of plasma protein is A) fibrinogen. B) albumin. C) prothrombin. D) globulin. 24. Blood type is determined by A) antigens in the plasma. B) antigens on red blood cells. C) antibodies in the plasma. D) antibodies on red blood cells. 25. A person with blood type O has which antigen? A) A B) B C) A and B D) neither A nor B Page 87

5 26. A person with blood type B has which antibodies? A) A B) B C) A and B D) neither A nor B 27. When does an Rh-negative person get antibodies to the Rh antigen? A) at birth B) when exposed to Rh antigen C) an Rh-negative person will never get antibodies 28. Which could result in hemolytic disease of the newborn? A) mother Rh ; father Rh+ B) mother Rh+; father Rh C) mother Rh ; father Rh D) mother Rh+; father Rh+ 29. Rh immunoglobin A) is used to prevent hemolytic disease of the newborn. B) contains anti-rh antibodies. C) contains Rh antigens. D) is used to prevent hemolytic disease of the newborn and contains anti-rh antibodies. figure Which lettered slide in figure 11.2 is blood type A? Ans: b Page 88

6 31. Which lettered slide in figure 11.2 is blood type O+? Ans: a 32. Which lettered slide in figure 11.2 is blood type B+? Ans: c 33. Which lettered slide in figure 11.2 is blood type AB? Ans: d 34. Compare neutrophils and lymphocytes. Ans: Neutrophils are phagocytes and digest microbes. Lymphocytes are of two types and play a role in immunity. The B lymphocytes produce antibodies and the T cells attack and destroy foreign cells. 35. List the three categories of formed elements in blood and give their functions. Ans: Red blood cells transport oxygen; platelets aid in clotting; and the white blood cells fight infection. 36. Describe the exchange of materials between the blood and the tissues. Indicate what is leaving and what is entering the blood. t the capillaries, oxygen and nutrients leave the blood and enter the cells while carbon dioxide and waste products leave the cells and enter the blood. 37. A baby is born with A positive blood to a mother with A negative blood. The baby exhibits hemolytic disease. What causes this condition? Ans: The condition results from the newborn baby's red blood cells being destroyed by the anti-rh antibodies produced by the mother. 38. Bobby has sickle-cell disease. He complains of pain in his abdomen and legs. Why might his pain be due to a lack of oxygen to body parts? Ans: The distorted cells block capillaries and interrupt the flow of blood to tissues, causing pain and ulceration. 39. A baby who drinks only milk and does not eat solids might develop what form of anemia? Ans: Iron deficiency anemia. 40. What functions of blood contribute to homeostasis? lood brings nutrients to the cells and removes their wastes. Page 89

7 41. Compare iron deficiency, pernicious, aplastic, and hemolytic anemia, and sickle-cell disease with regard to what causes the disease. Ans: Iron deficiency anemia - normal number of RBCs but low blood hemoglobin level, likely because the diet does not contain sufficient iron Pernicious anemia - low RBC count because the intestine cannot absorb enough vitamin B 12, which is required for RBC formation Aplastic anemia - low RBC count because the red bone marrow has been damaged Hemolytic anemia - low RBC count because RBCs are being destroyed at a high rate Sickle-cell disease - hereditary condition causing RBCs to assume a sickle-shape. These cells rupture and wear out more easily than normal RBCs. 42. Describe leukemia. Ans: Leukemia is a form of cancer characterized by uncontrolled production of abnormal white blood cells. These cells accumulate in the bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and liver and disrupt the functioning of these organs. 43. List the five categories of white blood cells and describe their functions. Ans: See text. 44. Compare plasma, tissue fluid, and serum with regard to composition. Ans: Plasma is the fluid component of the blood (everything except the formed elements). Tissue fluid is basically plasma that has been forced out of the capillaries and bathes the body tissues. Tissue fluid, however, does not contain the larger plasma proteins. Serum contains all of the components of plasma with the exception of fibrinogen. 45. Compare the arteriolar and venular ends of a capillary with regard to blood pressure and osmotic pressure. t the arteriolar end of a capillary, the blood pressure is about 40 mm Hg while the osmotic pressure is about 25 mm Hg. At the venular end of a capillary, the blood pressure is about 10 mm Hg while the osmotic pressure is about 25 mm Hg. 46. List the reactions that occur during the production of a blood clot (Hint - Begin with prothrombin and end with fibrin). Ans: 1. Prothrombin is converted into thrombin by prothrombin activator. 2. Fibrinogen is converted into fibrin by thrombin. 47. Differentiate between thrombus and embolus. thrombus is a blood clot that remains stationary in a blood vessel. An embolus is a thrombus that has dislodged and is being transported by the blood. 48. Differentiate between antibody and antigen. ntigens are substances (often proteins) that are foreign to the body and that cause the immune system to produce antibodies. Antibodies are plasma proteins (gamma globulins) produced by white blood cells that bind to antigens to help fight infection. Page 90

8 49. The plasma proteins that have the greatest effect on osmotic pressure are A) albumins B) fibrinogens C) globulins D) hormones 50. The cells that give rise to red blood cells, platelets, and most white blood cells are called A) erythroblasts B) megakaryoblasts C) lymphatic stem cells D) myeloid stem cells 51. Whereas diffusion occurs of a capillary, osmosis occurs. A) along the entire length, at the arterial end B) along the entire length, at the venous end C) at the arterial end, along the entire length D) at the venous end, along the entire length Page 91

Blood Practice Questions

Blood Practice Questions Blood Practice Questions Student: 1. The hematocrit is the volume of a blood sample made up of A. white blood cells. B. platelets. C. red blood cells. D. plasma. 2. Fifty-five percent of blood is A. plasma.

More information

Chapter 6. Fig What are the functions of blood? What is the composition of blood? Cardiovascular System: Blood

Chapter 6. Fig What are the functions of blood? What is the composition of blood? Cardiovascular System: Blood Cardiovascular System: Blood Chapter 6 6.1 Blood: An overview What are the functions of blood? Transportation: oxygen, nutrients, wastes, carbon dioxide and hormones Defense: against invasion by pathogens

More information

BLOOD-Chp. Chp.. 6 What are the functions of blood? What is the composition of blood? 3 major types of plasma proteins

BLOOD-Chp. Chp.. 6 What are the functions of blood? What is the composition of blood? 3 major types of plasma proteins 6.1 Blood: An overview BLOOD-Chp Chp.. 6 What are the functions of blood? Transportation: oxygen, nutrients, wastes, carbon dioxide and hormones Defense: against invasion by pathogens Regulatory functions:

More information

Functions of Blood. Collects O 2 from lungs, nutrients from digestive tract, and waste products from tissues Helps maintain homeostasis

Functions of Blood. Collects O 2 from lungs, nutrients from digestive tract, and waste products from tissues Helps maintain homeostasis Blood Objectives Describe the functions of blood Describe blood plasma Explain the functions of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets Summarize the process of blood clotting What is Blood?

More information

Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology. Chapter 10. Blood. Slides Lecture Slides in PowerPoint by Jerry L. Cook

Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology. Chapter 10. Blood. Slides Lecture Slides in PowerPoint by Jerry L. Cook Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Elaine N. Marieb Seventh Edition Chapter 10 Blood Slides 10.1 10.31 Lecture Slides in PowerPoint by Jerry L. Cook Blood The only fluid tissue in the human body

More information

Biology 2402 A & P II Exam 2 Notes - Cardiovascular System : Blood Ch 12

Biology 2402 A & P II Exam 2 Notes - Cardiovascular System : Blood Ch 12 Biology 2402 A & P II Exam 2 Notes - Cardiovascular System : Blood Ch 12 Cardiovascular system links all cells with the environment. Composed of 12.1 - heart, a pump that produces pressure to move fluid

More information

The Cardiovascular System: Blood

The Cardiovascular System: Blood Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, 4th Edition Martini / Bartholomew The Cardiovascular System: Blood PowerPoint Lecture Outlines prepared by Alan Magid, Duke University Slides 1 to 54 The Functions of

More information

Blood $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500.

Blood $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500. Blood Red Blood Cells White Blood Cells Hemostasis Blood Grouping Grab Bag $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 FINAL

More information

Blood. The only fluid tissue in the human body. Classified as a connective tissue

Blood. The only fluid tissue in the human body. Classified as a connective tissue Blood The only fluid tissue in the human body Classified as a connective tissue Blood If blood is centrifuged Erythrocytes sink to the bottom Buffy coat contains leukocytes and platelets Buffy coat is

More information

Composition of Blood. Composition of Blood

Composition of Blood. Composition of Blood Composition of Blood Blood = Plasma + Formed elements. Plasma is the ground substance of blood. Slightly higher density than water. Contains dissolved proteins, some dissolved gases. Formed elements consist

More information

(A) Plasma. Consists of 90% water Plasma contains: proteins antibodies nutrients enzymes hormones clotting factors

(A) Plasma. Consists of 90% water Plasma contains: proteins antibodies nutrients enzymes hormones clotting factors hapter 17 Blood (I) Blood Is the liquid tissue of transport in humans Average human has 5-6 liters of blood Blood is composed of: red blood cells white blood cells platelets plasma (A) Plasma Consists

More information

KEY CHAPTER 14: BLOOD OBJECTIVES. 1. Describe blood according to its tissue type and major functions.

KEY CHAPTER 14: BLOOD OBJECTIVES. 1. Describe blood according to its tissue type and major functions. KEY CHAPTER 14: BLOOD OBJECTIVES 1. Describe blood according to its tissue type and major functions. TISSUE TYPE? MAJOR FUNCTIONS connective Transport Maintenance of body temperature 2. Define the term

More information

37 2 Blood and the Lymphatic System Slide 1 of 34

37 2 Blood and the Lymphatic System Slide 1 of 34 1 of 34 Blood is a connective tissue that contains both dissolved substances and specialized cells. 2 of 34 The functions of blood include: collecting oxygen from the lungs, nutrients from the digestive

More information

Chapter 12 Blood. Blood composition: Blood, a type of tissue, is a complex mixture of what three things?

Chapter 12 Blood. Blood composition: Blood, a type of tissue, is a complex mixture of what three things? Chapter 12 Blood Blood composition: Blood, a type of tissue, is a complex mixture of what three things? Functions: What are the functions of blood? Blood cells: The blood includes what three types of cells?

More information

Cardiovascular System. Blood Components

Cardiovascular System. Blood Components Cardiovascular System Blood Components 1 Components of Blood Formed elements: erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets Plasma: water, proteins, other solutes The components of blood can be divided into two

More information

Blood. Functions of Blood. Components of Blood. Transporting. Distributing body heat. A type of connective tissue. Formed elements.

Blood. Functions of Blood. Components of Blood. Transporting. Distributing body heat. A type of connective tissue. Formed elements. Blood Functions of Blood Transporting nutrients respiratory gases waste products Distributing body heat Components of Blood A type of connective tissue Formed elements Living blood cells Plasma Nonliving

More information

Thibodeau: Anatomy and Physiology, 5/e. Chapter 17: Blood

Thibodeau: Anatomy and Physiology, 5/e. Chapter 17: Blood Thibodeau: Anatomy and Physiology, 5/e Chapter 17: Blood This chapter begins a new unit. In this unit, the first four chapters deal with transportation one of the body's vital functions. It is important

More information

Exercise 9: Blood. Readings: Silverthorn 5 th ed, 547 558, 804 805; 6 th ed, 545 557, 825 826.

Exercise 9: Blood. Readings: Silverthorn 5 th ed, 547 558, 804 805; 6 th ed, 545 557, 825 826. Exercise 9: Blood Readings: Silverthorn 5 th ed, 547 558, 804 805; 6 th ed, 545 557, 825 826. Blood Typing The membranes of human red blood cells (RBCs) contain a variety of cell surface proteins called

More information

Composition and Functions of Blood

Composition and Functions of Blood Composition and Functions of Blood A. Components 1. Blood: a connective tissue with blood cells suspended in plasma a. It is the only fluid tissue 2. Formed elements: living blood cells a. Erythrocytes:

More information

Self Quiz ch 19- Cardiovascular /The Blood/ Pro: Manhal Chbat, MD

Self Quiz ch 19- Cardiovascular /The Blood/ Pro: Manhal Chbat, MD Self Quiz ch 19- Cardiovascular /The Blood/ Pro: Manhal Chbat, MD 1. Which of the following are plasma proteins made by the liver? A) albumins B) fibrinogens C) globulins D) immunoglobulins E) All except

More information

Human Circulatory System + Blood. Agha Zohaib Khan

Human Circulatory System + Blood. Agha Zohaib Khan Human Circulatory System + Blood Agha Zohaib Khan 2 Agha ZuhaibKhan ::: www.css.theazkp.com Introduction The human circulatory system functions to transport blood and oxygen from the lungs to the various

More information

D. Characteristics of formed elements of the blood 1. Erythrocytes (RBC's) a. Main function is to carry oxygen b. Anatomy of circulating erythrocytes

D. Characteristics of formed elements of the blood 1. Erythrocytes (RBC's) a. Main function is to carry oxygen b. Anatomy of circulating erythrocytes Chapter 10- Blood I. Blood A. The only fluid tissue in the human body B. Classified as connective tissue C. Components of blood 1. Living cells- formed elements 2. Non-living matrix- plasma D. If blood

More information

The Cardiovascular System: The Blood

The Cardiovascular System: The Blood The Cardiovascular System: The Blood Cells of the body are serviced by 2 fluids blood composed of plasma and a variety of cells transports nutrients and wastes interstitial fluid Fluids of the Body bathes

More information

Please list four delivery functions of blood, two regulatory functions, and two protection functions. Delivery (distribution) functions

Please list four delivery functions of blood, two regulatory functions, and two protection functions. Delivery (distribution) functions Chapter 17 Blood Please list four delivery functions of blood, two regulatory functions, and two protection functions. Delivery (distribution) functions Names Period 1-3 - 2-4 - Regulatory functions 1-2

More information

Whole Blood and Blood Components. Background

Whole Blood and Blood Components. Background Whole Blood and Blood Components Background Blood may be transfused as whole blood or as one of its components. Because patients seldom require all of the components of whole blood, it makes sense to transfuse

More information

Blood. Blood. Blood Composition. Blood Composition. Fractionation & Hemopoesis

Blood. Blood. Blood Composition. Blood Composition. Fractionation & Hemopoesis Blood Blood Chapter 19 Blood is a specialized fluid connective tissue that contains cells suspended in a fluid matrix Functions of blood include: Transport of dissolved gases, nutrients, hormones and metabolic

More information

The River of Life. Blood. Chapter 17

The River of Life. Blood. Chapter 17 The River of Life Blood Chapter 17 Overview: Blood Composition and Function Describe the composition and physical characteristics of whole blood. Explain why it is classified as a connective tissue.! List

More information

Exam II. Blood. Tigers 4. 1) RBC loss 2) Low O 2 3) Exercise. Level in Blood. Erythropoietin RBCs Mature More Rapidly. Kidney Releases.

Exam II. Blood. Tigers 4. 1) RBC loss 2) Low O 2 3) Exercise. Level in Blood. Erythropoietin RBCs Mature More Rapidly. Kidney Releases. Exam I Today: A. Leukocytes B. Platelets C. Hemostatis D. Heart Anatomy Mariners 3 Exam II Blood Tigers 4 Balance of RBCs important: Low = tissue hypoxia High = viscous blood Iron and B-complex vitamins

More information

Blood Sticky, opaque fluid with a metallic taste (Fe 2+ ) Varies from scarlet (P O2 = 100) to dark red (P O2 = 40) ph is between 7.35 and 7.45 Average volume in an adult is 5 L (7% of body weight) 2 L

More information

Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology, 9e (Marieb) Chapter 10 Blood. Short Answer. Figure 10.1

Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology, 9e (Marieb) Chapter 10 Blood. Short Answer. Figure 10.1 Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology, 9e (Marieb) Chapter 10 Blood Short Answer Figure 10.1 Using Figure 10.1, identify the following: 1) The neutrophil is indicated by letter. Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref:

More information

3. The Circulatory System

3. The Circulatory System 3. The Circulatory System A. Introduction B. Blood 1. Circulatory system transports water, electrolytes, hormones, enzymes, antibodies, cell, gases and nutrients to all cells and carries away metabolic

More information

Bio 20 Chapter 11 Workbook Blood and the Immune System Ms. Nyboer

Bio 20 Chapter 11 Workbook Blood and the Immune System Ms. Nyboer Bio 20 Chapter 11 Workbook Blood and the Immune System Ms. Nyboer Name: Part A: Components of Blood 1. List the 3 plasma proteins and describe the function of each Albumins osmotic balance Globulins antibodies,

More information

CHAPTER 14: CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM: BLOOD. 1. Describe blood according to its tissue type and major functions.

CHAPTER 14: CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM: BLOOD. 1. Describe blood according to its tissue type and major functions. OBJECTIVES: 1. Describe blood according to its tissue type and major functions. 2. Define the term hematology. 3. Name the average volume of blood in a human. 4. Name the two major components of blood

More information

Unit 9 ~ Learning Guide

Unit 9 ~ Learning Guide Unit 9 ~ Learning Guide Name: INSTRUCTIONS Complete the following notes and questions as you work through the related lessons. You are required to have this package completed BEFORE you write your unit

More information

UNIT 3 : MAINTAINING DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM

UNIT 3 : MAINTAINING DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM BIOLOGY - 2201 UNIT 3 : MAINTAINING DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM What happens to your body as you run? Breathing, heart rate, temperature, muscle pain, thirsty... Homeotasis Homeostasis is the process of maintaining

More information

POINTS EARNED COMPLETED. 1) Why we need blood crossword (teacher gives) 2) Worksheets 6-3 Red Blood Cells (teacher gives) 3) Hematopoiesis Flow Chart

POINTS EARNED COMPLETED. 1) Why we need blood crossword (teacher gives) 2) Worksheets 6-3 Red Blood Cells (teacher gives) 3) Hematopoiesis Flow Chart Human Anatomy Unit 8 Chapter 11+13 Blood and Lymph Name P. Date Turn you unit work in by day of test or one day after for chance at full credit. After that, max points = half credit. GET ANY INCOMPLETE

More information

BODY FLUIDS AND CIRCULATION

BODY FLUIDS AND CIRCULATION BODY FLUIDS AND CIRCULATION 1. composition of blood 2. Lymph (Tissue Fluid) 3. Human circulatory system 4. Circulatory Pathways 5. Double Circulation 6. Regulation of Cardiac Activity 7. Disorders of Circulatory

More information

Chapter 19 Ci C r i cula l t a i t o i n

Chapter 19 Ci C r i cula l t a i t o i n Chapter 19 Circulation A closed system Circulatory System Consisting of Heart, Arteries, Veins, Capillaries, Blood & the Lymphatic system Blood Make up The blood is made up of Plasma and three main types

More information

Chapter 19 Blood. Exchanges are made at the capillaries!

Chapter 19 Blood. Exchanges are made at the capillaries! Chapter 19 Blood Introduction How does blood contribute to homeostasis? It contains most of the immune cells, but by itself doesn t do anything--it is a transport medium. Arteris = Oxygenated blood that

More information

MATERIALS AND RESOURCES lesson plan textbook artificial blood prepared blood smears including sickle-cell anemia slides

MATERIALS AND RESOURCES lesson plan textbook artificial blood prepared blood smears including sickle-cell anemia slides 16 Lesson Plan Blood TEACHING FOCUS This chapter begins a new unit. In this unit, the student will have the opportunity to examine the transportation system of the body. It is important to emphasize to

More information

November 04, Study Guide Answers: Blood and the Cardiovascular System

November 04, Study Guide Answers: Blood and the Cardiovascular System Study Guide Answers: Blood and the Cardiovascular System A) Composition and Functions of Blood 1. Describe the composition and volume of whole blood. ~ 6 Liters 45% Formed Elements 55% Plasma 2. Describe

More information

Cardiovascular System Module 1: An Overview of Blood

Cardiovascular System Module 1: An Overview of Blood OpenStax-CNX module: m49668 1 Cardiovascular System Module 1: An Overview of Blood Donna Browne Based on An Overview of Blood by OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under

More information

THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM Your circulatory system carries nutrients to cells, wastes away from cells, and chemical messages from cells in one part of the body to distant target tissues. It distributes heat

More information

The square in the centre is divided into 25 squares; each square of them is more divided to 16 small squares as in the figure below

The square in the centre is divided into 25 squares; each square of them is more divided to 16 small squares as in the figure below Note : In this lecture the Dr explained what we have studied in the lab briefly then he discussed the topic of leukocytes Hemocytometer The picture above demonstrates the counting chambers When we use

More information

The Human Circulatory System

The Human Circulatory System Page 1 of 15 The The circulatory system is the system that transports materials around the body to and from the cells. Question? Answer: Why do humans need a circulatory system whereas bacteria and simple

More information

Page 1. C) bile D) red blood cells

Page 1. C) bile D) red blood cells Name: 1) Which part of the human blood is primarily responsible for transporting nutrients, hormones, and wastes? A) platelet B) plasma C) white blood cell D) red blood cell 2) What is a major difference

More information

Biology 224 Human Anatomy and Physiology II Lecture 2 Dr. Stuart S. Sumida. Blood

Biology 224 Human Anatomy and Physiology II Lecture 2 Dr. Stuart S. Sumida. Blood Biology 224 Human Anatomy and Physiology II Lecture 2 Dr. Stuart S. Sumida Blood CIRCULATORY SYSTEMS: Cardiovascular - heart (pump) & blood Lymphatic Cardiovascular system includes pump (heart) and associated

More information

The Circulatory System. Mrs. Queck 7 th Grade

The Circulatory System. Mrs. Queck 7 th Grade The Circulatory System Mrs. Queck 7 th Grade Where the Heart is located Circulatory or Cardiovascular System Circulatory System Keeps the body working by delivering oxygen to body cells and removing waste

More information

Human Anatomy & Physiology II with Dr. Hubley

Human Anatomy & Physiology II with Dr. Hubley Human Anatomy & Physiology II with Dr. Hubley Exam #1 Name: Instructions This exam consists of 40 multiple-choice questions. Each multiple-choice question answered correctly is worth one point, and the

More information

The Circulatory System. Chapter 17 Lesson 1

The Circulatory System. Chapter 17 Lesson 1 The Circulatory System Chapter 17 Lesson 1 Functions of the Circulatory System Your circulatory system maintains an internal environment in which all the cells in your body are nourished. As your heart

More information

1. Primary function: uses hemoglobin to transport oxygen.

1. Primary function: uses hemoglobin to transport oxygen. 1. Primary function: uses hemoglobin to transport oxygen. Secondary functions: 2. Carbon dioxide transport. 3. Takes part in clotting 4. Maintains body temperature 5. Supplies osmotic pressure to draw

More information

BIOLOGY 12 - CHAPTER 11 - BLOOD - CHAPTER NOTES

BIOLOGY 12 - CHAPTER 11 - BLOOD - CHAPTER NOTES BIOLOGY 12 - CHAPTER 11 - BLOOD - CHAPTER NOTES Facts Human beings are approximately 70% WATER by body weight. o Most of this water is within cells, while a smaller amount is found within: o Tissue fluid

More information

The heart, blood vessels, and blood together make up the Circulatory System.

The heart, blood vessels, and blood together make up the Circulatory System. What is the circulatory system? Circulatory System = carries blood and dissolved substances to and from various places in the body. Heart = pumps blood with various substances in it around the body in

More information

Human Circulation and Respiration Chapter 38

Human Circulation and Respiration Chapter 38 Human Circulation and Respiration Chapter 38 Goals: 1. Compare closed and open circulatory systems. 2. Label the parts of the human heart. 3. Explain how blood travels through the heart; identify chambers

More information

BLOOD Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi

BLOOD Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi BLOOD Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi Functions of blood 1. Transport of substances: like Oxygen, CO2, nutrients, waste, heat, and hormones. 2. Protection: maintenance of normal Ph, normal body fluid volume, hemostasis,

More information

Chapter 16: Circulation

Chapter 16: Circulation Section 1 (The Body s Transport System) Chapter 16: Circulation 7 th Grade Cardiovascular system (the circulatory system) includes the heart, blood vessels, and blood carries needed substances to the cells

More information

Blood, Lymphatic and Immune Systems

Blood, Lymphatic and Immune Systems Component 3-Terminology in Healthcare and Public Health Settings Unit 4-Blood, Lymphatic and Immune Systems This material was developed by The University of Alabama at Birmingham, funded by the Department

More information

Just as a plumbing system carries water through a series of

Just as a plumbing system carries water through a series of 37 2 Blood and the Lymphatic System Just as a plumbing system carries water through a series of pipes to different parts of a house, the circulatory system carries blood through a series of blood vessels

More information

Blood Cells Laboratory Exercise 38

Blood Cells Laboratory Exercise 38 Blood Cells Laboratory Exercise 38 Background Blood is a type of connective tissue whose cells are suspended in a liquid intercellular substance. These cells are mainly formed in red bone marrow, and they

More information

Circulatory System Review

Circulatory System Review Circulatory System Review 1. Draw a table to describe the similarities and differences between arteries and veins? Anatomy Direction of blood flow: Oxygen concentration: Arteries Thick, elastic smooth

More information

Live Blood Cell Analysis

Live Blood Cell Analysis Live Blood Cell Analysis The pictures below are courtesy of the Enzymology Reasearch Center, Inc.* and are presented to show the relationship between various conditions and the blood. Photos taken with

More information

Blood and Bone Marrow Basics

Blood and Bone Marrow Basics Blood and Bone Marrow Basics Introduction Blood helps distribute the nutrients, oxygen, and hormones the body needs. It also carries toxins and waste materials to the liver and kidneys to be removed from

More information

2161-1 - Page 1. Name: 1) Choose the disease that is most closely related to the given phrase. Questions 10 and 11 refer to the following:

2161-1 - Page 1. Name: 1) Choose the disease that is most closely related to the given phrase. Questions 10 and 11 refer to the following: Name: 2161-1 - Page 1 1) Choose the disease that is most closely related to the given phrase. a disease of the bone marrow characterized by uncontrolled production of white blood cells A) meningitis B)

More information

Functions of Blood System. Blood Cells

Functions of Blood System. Blood Cells Functions of Blood System Transport: to and from tissue cells Nutrients to cells: amino acids, glucose, vitamins, minerals, lipids (as lipoproteins). Oxygen: by red blood corpuscles (oxyhaemoglobin - 4

More information

The Circulatory System and Blood:

The Circulatory System and Blood: (Students: Bolded, italicized, and underlined sections will be on the exam) The Circulatory System and Blood: I. Function of the System: A. To supply oxygen (for cell energy), nutrients (for cell energy,

More information

(e) Bone marrow and destruction of old and weak RBC s/production of RBCs and WBCs.

(e) Bone marrow and destruction of old and weak RBC s/production of RBCs and WBCs. The Circulatory system Ex : 1 Q: B.1 (a) Blood platelets and blood coagulation (b) Neutrophils and phagocytosis (c) Erythrocytes and transportation of gases (d) Lymphocytes and Produce antibodies (e) Bone

More information

Bio Factsheet January 1999 Number 36

Bio Factsheet January 1999 Number 36 January 1999 Number 36 Structure & of lood and Lymph This Factsheet summarises 1. The structure and function of blood plasma, red blood cells and white blood cells. 2. The formation of lymph and tissue

More information

ABO-Rh Blood Typing Using Neo/BLOOD

ABO-Rh Blood Typing Using Neo/BLOOD ABO-Rh Blood Typing Using Neo/BLOOD Objectives Determine the ABO and Rh blood type of unknown simulated blood samples. Prepare a simulated blood smear. Examine a prepared blood smear under the microscope

More information

Blood Questions. 8. A reduced ability to produce thrombin would cause the time required for blood clot formation to:

Blood Questions. 8. A reduced ability to produce thrombin would cause the time required for blood clot formation to: Answer the first 40 items with: a. Increase b. Decrease c. Stay the same 1. An increase in plasma levels of erythropoietin will cause blood viscosity to: 2. The activation of plasminogen will cause the

More information

Provincial Exam Questions. 27. Which of the following engulf foreign substances in the blood?

Provincial Exam Questions. 27. Which of the following engulf foreign substances in the blood? Provincial Exam Questions Unit: Human Anatomy, Circulatory (C3,4,5,6,&7) 2010 Jan 26. The vessel shown above is A. a vein. B. a venule. C. an artery. D. a capillary. 27. Which of the following engulf foreign

More information

Hepatitis C. Laboratory Tests and Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C. Laboratory Tests and Hepatitis C Hepatitis C Laboratory Tests and Hepatitis C If you have hepatitis C, your doctor will use laboratory tests to check your health. This handout will help you understand what the major tests are and what

More information

12.1: The Function of Circulation page 478

12.1: The Function of Circulation page 478 12.1: The Function of Circulation page 478 Key Terms: Circulatory system, heart, blood vessel, blood, open circulatory system, closed circulatory system, pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, aorta, atrioventricular

More information

What Do Those Lab Tests Mean?

What Do Those Lab Tests Mean? What Do Those Lab Tests Mean? This information is not meant to be a substitute for veterinary care. Always follow the instructions provided by your veterinarian. The results of laboratory tests on a patient

More information

Understanding Blood Tests

Understanding Blood Tests PATIENT EDUCATION patienteducation.osumc.edu Blood delivers oxygen and nutrients to all the parts of the body. It also carries away waste products. The heart pumps blood in your body through a system of

More information

The Cardiovascular System: Blood

The Cardiovascular System: Blood PowerPoint Lecture Slides prepared by Meg Flemming Austin Community College C H A P T E R 11 The Cardiovascular System: Blood Chapter 11 Learning Outcomes 11-1 11-2 11-3 11-4 Describe the components and

More information

TALKING ABOUT BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS

TALKING ABOUT BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS TALKING ABOUT BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS TALKING ABOUT BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS Contents What Is a Blood Transfusion?...2 What Is the Role of Blood Transfusion in Treatment for Chronic Disease?...2 Blood and Transfusion

More information

Blood & Hematology. The human body is made up mostly of water; ~60-65% (40 L)

Blood & Hematology. The human body is made up mostly of water; ~60-65% (40 L) Blood & Hematology The human body is made up mostly of water; ~60-65% (40 L) Body s transport system plays key role in balancing fluids in the body s compartments river of life Marieb strictly speaking,

More information

LAB: Blood Exploration

LAB: Blood Exploration Name: Period: Date: LAB: Blood Exploration Introduction A liquid called plasma makes up about half (55%) of the content of blood. Plasma contains proteins that help blood to clot, transport substances

More information

LYMPHATIC SYSTEM. A group of organs and tissues that collect fluid that leaks from blood and returns it to the blood.

LYMPHATIC SYSTEM. A group of organs and tissues that collect fluid that leaks from blood and returns it to the blood. LYMPHATIC SYSTEM A group of organs and tissues that collect fluid that leaks from blood and returns it to the blood. The lymphatic system is also part of the body s defense against disease. The lymph capillaries

More information

Phlebotomy Handbook Blood Collection Essentials Seventh Edition

Phlebotomy Handbook Blood Collection Essentials Seventh Edition Phlebotomy Handbook Blood Collection Essentials Seventh Edition Diana Garza Kathleen Becan-McBride Chapter Four The Cardiovascular System Introduction Circulatory system is a transport system. Contributes

More information

LECTURE 1: BLOOD INTRODUCTION

LECTURE 1: BLOOD INTRODUCTION LECTURE 1: BLOOD INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular system- consists of circulating fluid (Blood), a pump (heart) and a medium through which the blood travels (blood vessels). In this lecture we will discuss

More information

Complete blood count. Definition. 1

Complete blood count. Definition.  1 Complete blood count Definition A complete blood count (CBC) test measures the following: The number of red blood cells (RBCs) The number of white blood cells (WBCs) The total amount of hemoglobin in the

More information

WEEK 4 CELL BIOLOGY INTRODUCTION TO BLOOD CELLS PRE-WEEK PREPARATION

WEEK 4 CELL BIOLOGY INTRODUCTION TO BLOOD CELLS PRE-WEEK PREPARATION WEEK 4 CELL BIOLOGY INTRODUCTION TO BLOOD CELLS PRE-WEEK PREPARATION LEARNING OBJECTIVES This self-learning module is designed to meet the following end of week objective(s): 1. Identify and describe the

More information

Care and Problems of The Circulatory System. Chapter 17 Lesson 2

Care and Problems of The Circulatory System. Chapter 17 Lesson 2 Care and Problems of The Circulatory System Chapter 17 Lesson 2 Care of the Circulatory and Lymphatic Systems Most of the risk factors related to problems with your circulatory system are within your control.

More information

C. No nucleus and no mitochondria 1. Where did it go relationship to reticulocytes? 4. Does this mean you can t make new RBCs?

C. No nucleus and no mitochondria 1. Where did it go relationship to reticulocytes? 4. Does this mean you can t make new RBCs? I. Characteristics of Erythrocytes A. Biconcave discs--what purpose does this serve? B. 1/3 hemoglobin by volume (remember this with hematocrit) (Fig. 19.4, pg. 673) 1. Heme 2. Globin 3. Fe 4. Oxyhemoglobin

More information

Blood Transfusion. Red Blood Cells White Blood Cells Platelets

Blood Transfusion. Red Blood Cells White Blood Cells Platelets Blood Transfusion Introduction Blood transfusions are very common. Each year, almost 5 million Americans need a blood transfusion. Blood transfusions are given to replace blood lost during surgery or serious

More information

ABO-Rh Blood Typing With Synthetic Blood

ABO-Rh Blood Typing With Synthetic Blood 70-0101 ABO-Rh Blood Typing With Synthetic Blood Teacher s Manual World-Class Support for Science & Math The ability to type blood is an invaluable tool in the fields of medicine and criminology. Using

More information

Blood Transfusion. There are three types of blood cells: Red blood cells. White blood cells. Platelets.

Blood Transfusion. There are three types of blood cells: Red blood cells. White blood cells. Platelets. Blood Transfusion Introduction Blood transfusions can save lives. Every second, someone in the world needs a blood transfusion. Blood transfusions can replace the blood lost from a serious injury or surgery.

More information

Test Results. Clerical Items includes the name of. Specimen Information shows the. Name of the Test (may also be called Event or Procedure) Results

Test Results. Clerical Items includes the name of. Specimen Information shows the. Name of the Test (may also be called Event or Procedure) Results Your Lab Report Understanding the Results When your doctor orders lab tests as a part of your care, you may receive a written copy of the report or you may be able to view your results in a patient portal

More information

10. T and B cells are types of a. endocrine cells. c. lymphocytes. b. platelets. d. complement cells.

10. T and B cells are types of a. endocrine cells. c. lymphocytes. b. platelets. d. complement cells. Virus and Immune System Review Directions: Write your answers on a separate piece of paper. 1. Why does a cut in the skin threaten the body s nonspecific defenses against disease? a. If a cut bleeds, disease-fighting

More information

Chapter 19: Blood. 19.0: Outline

Chapter 19: Blood. 19.0: Outline Chapter 19: Blood We have mentioned the cardiovascular system the heart ( cardio ) and blood vessels ( vascular ) in several previous chapters. Most recently, in Chapter 18 (The Endocrine System), we saw

More information

Blood & Marrow Transplant Glossary. Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Program Patient Guide

Blood & Marrow Transplant Glossary. Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Program Patient Guide Blood & Marrow Transplant Glossary Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Program Patient Guide Glossary Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) -- Also called "absolute granulocyte count" amount of white blood

More information

All the organ systems have to work together in order to maintain.

All the organ systems have to work together in order to maintain. Unit 11 Test Review Chapter 28 a. List and describe the systems of the body and their functions (Respiratory, circulatory, digestive, immune, reproductive, excretory, nervous, integumentary, muscular,

More information

blood liquid connective tissue consist of plasma and formed elements(red blood cells,white blood cells and platelets)

blood liquid connective tissue consist of plasma and formed elements(red blood cells,white blood cells and platelets) Blood blood liquid connective tissue consist of plasma and formed elements(red blood cells,white blood cells and platelets) Plasma is the liquid medium for carrying various substances in the blood. It

More information

Chapter 42 Part II Blood and Blood Vessels. I Blood Vessels (See Figure 42.10)

Chapter 42 Part II Blood and Blood Vessels. I Blood Vessels (See Figure 42.10) Biology 120 J. Greg Doheny Chapter 42 Part II Blood and Blood Vessels Subjects: I. Blood Vessels (Arteries and Veins) II. Major Arteries and Veins of the Human Body III. Regulation of Blood Pressure IV.

More information

Leukemias and Lymphomas: A primer

Leukemias and Lymphomas: A primer Leukemias and Lymphomas: A primer Normal blood contains circulating white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets 700 red cells (oxygen) 1 white cell Neutrophils (60%) bacterial infection Lymphocytes

More information

Blood. Terminology. Page 1 of 8

Blood. Terminology. Page 1 of 8 Page 1 of 8 Blood Terminology Agglutination: Clumping of (foreign) cells; induced by cross-linking of antigen-antibody complexes. AIDS: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome; caused by human immunodeficiency

More information

Cardiovascular System. Blood Groups and Blood Typing

Cardiovascular System. Blood Groups and Blood Typing Cardiovascular System Blood Groups and Blood Typing 1 Blood Transfusions Why? Whole blood or components? Although the human body is pretty good at preventing blood loss (hemostasis), there are times when

More information

Anemia. Hematopoiesis. Active Bone Marrow Locations. HEMATOPOIESIS Blood Cell Formation

Anemia. Hematopoiesis. Active Bone Marrow Locations. HEMATOPOIESIS Blood Cell Formation HEMATOPOIESIS Blood Cell Formation DEFINITION The process of formation and development of the various types of blood cells and other formed elements (platelets). Reduction below normal in oxygen carrying

More information

MANAGEMENT AFTER DIAGNOSIS

MANAGEMENT AFTER DIAGNOSIS PRIMARY IMMUNODEFICIENCIES MANAGEMENT AFTER DIAGNOSIS MANAGEMENT AFTER DIAGNOSIS 1 PRIMARY IMMUNODEFICIENCIES ABBREVIATIONS ALT Alanine transaminase AST Aspartate aminotransferase BUN Blood urea nitrogen

More information