The Presidency of Barack Obama

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1 The Presidency of Barack Obama

2 There are many pictures and diagrams in this presentation. Yet, you have a set of notes as depicted to the right. Whenever a slide comes up with the title that matches your note taking guide, that is when you copy down the notes. On the presentation, the sentence will be underlined. It will be blank on your note sheet. Simply fill in the blanks with the matching lines.

3 E. America Enters World War II (1945-Present) g. Analyze the origins of the Cold War, foreign policy developments, and major events of the administrations from Truman to present

4 2.Changes at Home a. Analyze major domestic issues and responses of the administrations from Truman to present e. Identify the major contemporary social, environmental, and political issues (e.g., immigration, global warming, terrorism), the groups involved, and the controversies engendered by those issues f. Assess increasing global interdependence, the potential for conflict, and the U.S. role in world events in the present and future

5 The Rise of Barack Obama -In 2004, Barack Obama s landslide victory in the Illinois Senate Election made him a very popular figure in the Democratic Party. -That year, at the Democratic National Convention, Obama gave the keynote speech and his popularity increased. -History was made, in 2008, when the Democrats nominated Obama as the first African American to run as a Presidential candidate in a major political party. Joe Biden, a Senator from Pennsylvania, became his Vice Presidential running mate.

6 At the Democratic National Convention, in Denver Colorado, Obama accepted the Democrats nomination to run for President in the 2008 Election.

7 The Election of George W. Bush had completed two terms and could not run again. The Republicans nominated John McCain, a Senator from Arizona. -McCain had a long political career and was a war hero. He was a prisoner of war in the Vietnam War for six years. As his running mate, John McCain chose Sarah Palin, the governor of Alaska. -Obama won the Election of 2008 and became the first African American President in the history of the USA.

8 In the Election of 2008, Barack Obama and Joe Biden faced off against John McCain and Sarah Palin.

9 The Great Recession: By 2008, Before Obama took office, the economy took a drastic downturn. Many people lost their homes and banking firms faced bankruptcy. By January of 2009, unemployment topped 7.2%. The highest unemployment rate during this era reached around 10%. -Before leaving office, George W. Bush, going against traditional Republican economic policy, supported using taxpayer money to bail out various banks. -Obama continued Bush s policy and also supported the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to fund infrastructure, education, and other programs. By 2015, unemployment had fallen to 5.7%. Yet, other economic traits of the USA were still criticized by many, such as the growing national debt.

10 The Government and Medical Insurance -Before Obama, the USA s medical field used a great deal of capitalism. By in large, people had to purchase insurance or achieve jobs that provided it, if they wanted to use it. -There were some government structured programs like Medicare for the elderly and Medicaid for the poor. Yet, most did not qualify for these. -President Obama asserted the government should play a greater role in how insurance operated to ensure more Americans had access to healthcare. He asserted the past system left too many uninsured.

11 Obamacare -In order to get the government more involved in managing how insurance operated, Obama supported the passing of the Affordable Care Act of 2010, dubbed Obamacare by the media. -Many Liberals praised these efforts for offering insurance to those who did not have it. Many Conservatives argued the government was creating an expensive, massive bureaucracy that would damage the high quality of medical services present in the USA. -The law required insurance companies to cover all applicants with a set of minimum standards and to offer the same prices, regardless of gender and even if the applicant had a preexisting condition concerning a past health problem or illness. It also mandated that citizens buy insurance or face a tax penalty.

12 The Tea Party Challenges Obama -The national debt had topped $10 Trillion under George W. Bush and, by 2015, had topped $16 Trillion under Obama. -Within the Republican Party, many expressed concern about Obama s actions. They asserted Obamacare and other measures increased government spending and grew the national debt. -A similar Conservative movement, called The Tea Party, sought to reduce the size of the government by cutting government funded programs and reducing taxes.

13 In 2009, The Tea Party movement began to gain popularity in Conservative politics. They opposed many of the economic policies of President Obama, including Obamacare. They asserted that raising taxes and increasing the deficit would damage the country.

14 Occupy Wall Street -A common question in politics is this: Should the government reduce taxes to encourage citizens to spend more money on goods and services or increase taxes to fund and manage various social programs? -In this era, many protestors took to the streets of various cities in the Occupy Wall Street movement. Protestors camped out and refused to leave various areas. Unlike the Tea Party movement, they were protesting against income inequality between big businesses and the common people. Many in this group believed the rich were not paying their fair share of taxes. -They claimed 99% of people struggled economically, while 1% were very wealthy. Many protestors occupied areas around the nation, such as New York s financial district.

15 Starting in 2011, many protestors took the streets to occupy Wall Street and other urban areas. Their concerns were rooted in the assertion that the 1% of the wealthiest citizens were thriving while. the 99% were struggling economically.

16 During Obama s Presidency, on the Liberal side of the political spectrum, many protested the income inequality in which 1% of the nation controlled a vast amount of the nation s wealth, in the Occupy Wall Street Movement. On the Conservative side of the political spectrum, many in the Tea Party Movement protested against the large government spending of the Obama administration.

17 The following is a recap concerning the hostilities between the terrorist, Osama Bin Laden, and the United States. You do not have to take notes again until the slide comes up that looks like this. Just pay attention for these slides until the notes begin again.

18 From the 1950s to the late 1980s, the. Russian USSR was the chief military enemy of the USA. When the USSR invaded Afghanistan, the USA backed extremists to stand against the spread of the USSR. Afghanistan

19 When Muslim extremists rebelled in Afghanistan, against the Soviet influence in their nation, the USA initially supported them, since both groups stood opposed to the Soviet Union..

20 The USA and extremists, like Osama bin Laden, worked together to keep the USSR from controlling Afghanistan. Ironically and tragically, years later, in 2001, Osama Bin Laden led an attack on the USA, despite the USA s help in Afghanistan to keep the USSR out of the region.

21 The Middle East possesses a large amount of the world s oil supplies.

22 In August of 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait to takeover Kuwait s oil fields. President George H.W. Bush formed an alliance to challenge this move and remove Iraq from Kuwait. This led to the Gulf War in which the USA and many allies forced Iraq out of Kuwait.

23 Saddam Hussein, the dictator of Iraq, led his nation to invade Kuwait to control Kuwait s oil fields. This initiated The Gulf War. The USA, led by George H.W. Bush, led an alliance to force Iraq out of Kuwait and help Kuwait maintain its independence.

24 During the Gulf War, Bin Laden, a leader in Al-Qaeda did not want the USA to come to Saudi Arabia to fight against Iraq. Bin Laden was NOT an ally of Saddam. He wanted to fight Saddam without the USA s help and his extremism taught that people who did not practice his religion should not be in Saudi Arabia, home of Mecca, a holy site in Islam. After the USA did arrive, Bin Laden began plotting terror attacks against the USA.

25 . While Clinton was President, Al-Qaeda set off a car bomb in the World Trade Center (1993), attacked various embassies of the USA in Africa (1998), and detonated a bomb beside the USS Cole (2000).

26 Osama Bin Laden and Al-Qaeda initiated attacks on New York and Washington D.C. on 9/11/2001. Several of his followers hijacked and crashed planes into the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Bin Laden s radical ideology wickedly targeted any who disagreed with his extremist views.

27 After the tragic events of 9/11/2001, President George W. Bush initiated military attacks on Al Qaeda and the group harboring them in Afghanistan, The Taliban. Yet, while Bush was President, the USA never found Osama Bin Laden..

28 In 2003, when Saddam Hussein refused to allow the UN to inspect his nation for Weapons of Mass Destruction, the USA invaded Iraq. Remember, Saddam and Bin Laden were NOT ALLIES. Iraq and Afghanistan were two different military engagements

29 Saddam s Iraqi government was quickly toppled in the 2003 USA led invasion of Iraq.

30 On 12/13/2003, Saddam was found hiding in a make shift hole in the ground. He was put on trial and executed on 12/30/2006 for various crimes.

31 During the two terms of George W. Bush, the USA initiated military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. These conflicts persisted through both terms.

32 Now, you are returning to the note taking guide. Prepare to write notes again.

33 Obama, Iraq, and Afghanistan -When running for President, Obama asserted that he would reduce the USA s presence in Iraq and focus the military on Afghanistan, while also seeking to reduce the USA s presence there as well, when the Afghanis were trained to defend themselves. -On May 2 nd, 2011, Obama ordered a group of Navy Seals to enter into Pakistan, where Bin Laden had been located, to capture or kill the mastermind of the terror attacks of 9/11/ While one helicopter crashed, all the Navy Seals survived and Osama Bin Laden was shot and killed by the Navy Seal team.

34 Bin Laden had fled Afghanistan and was hiding in a compound in neighboring Pakistan.

35 Once the USA established credible data that Bin Laden was found in the compound, President Obama ordered Navy Seals to storm the compound and capture or kill Bin Laden.

36 Diagram of the compound in Pakistan that Bin Laden was hiding in.

37 President Obama and his staff were able to see the mission to capture or kill Osama Bin Laden in real time with cameras connected to drones flying above the compound.

38

39 Tonight, I can report to the American people and to the world that the United States has conducted an operation that killed Osama bin Laden We give thanks for the men who carried out this operation...finally, let me say to the families who lost loved ones on 9/11 that we have never forgotten your loss, nor wavered in our commitment to see that we do whatever it takes to prevent another attack on our shores today's achievement is a testament to the greatness of our country and the determination of the American people. President Barack Obama

40 The Second Term of Obama -In 2011, Obama initiated a full pull out from Iraq by the USA Military. The USA kept a small presence there of those that trained locals. By 2014, the USA ended operations in Afghanistan as well, except for a small remaining force. -Some asserted it was good for the USA to cease the conflict in Iraq because the war had cost thousands of American lives and was massively expensive. Others asserted that the USA leaving Iraq would create a vacuum in which terrorists would try to take over Iraq. -Obama defeated Republican challenger Mitt Romney in the Election of His policies, including Obamacare and his military strategies, moved forward.

41 In the Election of 2012, Barack Obama and Joe Biden faced off against Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan.

42 Terrorism and ISIS -In the midst of the Civil War in Syria during 2013, the terrorist group known as the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) began to gain a strong hold. -The group invaded Iraq and began to claim territory. They asserted that their group formed an Islamic Caliphate, with their leader being the self-declared ruler of the Islamic world. Abu Bakr al-baghdadi, a.k.a. Amir al-mu'minin, a.k.a. Caliph Ibrahim, claimed to be this Caliphate. -Leaders in the USA government, including Obama, asserted ISIS in no way represented the authentic religion of Islam. ISIS pursued horrific atrocities of murder, torture, beheadings, and crucifixions as they gained ground in Syria and Iraq. The USA initiated air strikes against ISIS and Obama asserted that ISIS would be defeated and their spree of terrorism would end.

43 The group, ISIS, claimed that the terrorist Abu Bakr al- Baghdadi, a.k.a. Amir al- Mu'minin, a.k.a. Caliph Ibrahim, was the Caliphate of their new state as they used ruthless tactics of torture, terrorism, and murder to control areas in Iraq and Syria.

44 In places like Syria and Iraq, ISIS began to take over areas in the Middle East.

45 ISIS was able to gain a massive following in the midst of Syria s Civil War. The terrorist group then moved into Iraq to control various territories.

46 Obama and Immigration Reform -By 2014, the USA had experienced massive immigration from Mexico and other areas. Political leaders debated how the USA should address the legal status of these individuals. -Obama wanted Congress to reform immigration policies to give legal status to many of these immigrants. After Congress failed to pass a reform bill, he issued an executive order to give assistance to many of these immigrants, such as parents of US citizens, to stay in the USA without being deported. -Over three million immigrants qualified for the deferrals that Obama issued with his executive order.

47 Mexico is the largest source country of immigration to the USA.

48 THE END

49 Copyright, USHistoryTeachers.com All Rights Reserved.

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