America Revolution. Battles

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1 America Revolution Battles

2 Paul Revere s Ride American Patriots Paul Revere and two other riders were dispatched and gave warning to towns around Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts to form militias that the British Regulars are Coming! Passing through Lexington and Concord

3 Lexington & Concord, Massachusetts April 1775 First Battles of the American Revolution No formal American Army Local militias were formed and fought against the British Army Americans lost but took a stand!

4 General George Washington was appointed as Commander of the Continental Army Problem: How to create an army out of peasant farmers? Few skilled experienced soldiers from French & Indian War American Army

5 Battle of Bunker Hill, Boston, Mass. 1775

6 Many Defeats in the beginning Badly trained Americans led to many defeats early in the war. Most early battles in North Battle of Bunker Hill, June 1775 proved that the British were not invincible The war would be long American s hired French soldiers to help train Americans

7 After being chased out of New York by the British in 1776 Washington retreated and crossed the Delaware River into New Jersey in December Washington and Nathaniel Greene and 2,400 Americans against 1,400 Hessian Troops in Trenton Americans won by surprise Battle of Trenton, New Jersey

8 Battle of Saratoga, New York 1777 Turning point of the war September 19th - October 17th, 1777 Americans defeated the British forces causing them to retreat British lose 1,600 soldiers Americans lose 800 soldiers

9 Valley Forge, Pennsylvania Washington set up winter quarters for Continental Army Low supplies, disease and coldest winter in years Prussian General Baron von Steuben trains Americans in drill and fighting at Valley Forge December 1777

10 France Declares War against Great Britain July 1778! Remember French and Indian War, French still hate British Help Americans Ben Franklin becomes American ambassador for America in France; helping gain support for war France would sent troops, money, ships and supplies for war

11 Traitor: Treason 1779 Benedict Arnold American General who fought the first few years for General Washington He lost a leg in a battle against the British 1779 appointed commander of West Point where he made deal with British for 10,000 pounds (TREASON) Going against your country and helping the other side. Sent courier Andre to British with message, he was caught, tried as spy, hung Arnold fled with family to the British; they awarded him money, land in Canada and a commission in British Army

12 Battle of Kings Mountain, NC 1780 War in South now October 7th, 1780 North Carolina Mountain men battled British Loyalists from South Carolina Americans won. American General Greene pushed the British East through Hillsborough, NC and on to Yorktown, VA

13 British Move South June 10, 1781 American troops under Marquis de Lafayette (French), Gen. Anthony Wayne (American) and Baron von Steuben (Prussian) begin to form a combined force in Virginia to oppose British forces under Benedict Arnold and Gen. Cornwallis who set up headquarters and fort at Yorktown, VA

14 The last major battle of the American Revolution September-October French Navy bombed Yorktown while 17,000 American, French and Prussian troops gathered, fought and encircled 9,000 British troops British General Cornwallis formally surrendered to General Washington Battle of Yorktown, Virginia 1781

15 Treaty of Paris 1783 War officially Over! British give up all territories in the American Colonies The United States is now an independent nation respected by European powers British would attack again in 1812 from Canada, burn Washington DC, and lose again (Called the War of 1812).

16 Now Create a New Government The Articles of Confederation was our first government and used throughout the American Revolution Many problems: WEAK! No power to tax No Executive Branch No Court System Difficult to pass laws Two groups (First two political parties) would argue using the newspaper (New York Times) over how the new government should work under a new Constitution (plan of government): Federalists (one strong Central Government) Anti-federalists (stronger state governments and add a Bill of Rights to the new US Constitution

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