1 of 7 3/23/2010 2:45 PM

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "1 of 7 3/23/2010 2:45 PM"

Transcription

1 1 of 7 3/23/2010 2:45 PM Chapter 30 Homework Due: 8:00am on Tuesday, March 23, 2010 Note: To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor's Grading Policy. [Return to Standard Assignment View] Electric Potential, Potential Energy, and Force Learning Goal: To review relationships among electric potential, electric potential energy, and force on a test charge This problem is a review of the relationship between an electric field, its associated electric potential, the electric potential energy, and the direction of force on a test charge. Electric field lines always begin at charges (or at infinity) and end at charges (or at infinity). One could also say that the lines we use to represent an electric field indicate the direction in which a test charge would initially move when released from rest. Which of the following fills in the three missing words correctly? (positive; negative; negative) (positive; negative; positive) (negative; positive; negative) (negative; positive; positive) Note that the electric field vector is everywhere tangent to the electric field lines. Like electric field lines, the electric field vector generally points away from positive charges and toward negative charges. Would a positive test charge released from rest move toward a region of higher or lower electric potential (compared to the electric potential at the point where it is released)? Potential, field, and force higher electric potential lower electric potential Now imagine that the sign of our test particle is changed from positive to negative, but the electric potential remains the same. Which of the following statements is correct? Hint C.1 Hint C.2 Direction of field and force Direction of force and potential energy gradient The direction of the force will change and it will point to regions of higher potential energy. The direction of the force will not change and it will point to regions of higher potential energy. The direction of the force will not change and it will point to regions of lower potential energy. The direction of the force will change and it will point to regions of lower potential energy. The electric field in a region of space is -1900, where is in meters. Problem What is the potential difference between and? 760 The electric potential in a region of space is , where and are in meters. Problem What is the strength of the electric field at? 1400

2 2 of 7 3/23/2010 2:45 PM What is the direction of the electric field at? Give the direction as an angle (in degrees) counterclockwise from the positive -axis. 155 counterclockwise from the positive -axis Capacitance: A Review Learning Goal: To review the meaning of capacitance and ways of changing the capacitance of a parallel-plate capacitor. Capacitance is one of the central concepts in electrostatics. Understanding its meaning and the difference between its definition and the ways of calculating capacitance can be challenging at first. This tutorial is meant to help you become more comfortable with capacitance. Recall the fundamental formula for capacitance:, where is the capacitance in farads, is the charge stored on the plates in coulombs, and is the potential difference (or voltage) between the plates. In the following problems it may help to keep in mind that the voltage is related to the strength of the electric field and the distance between the plates,, by. What property of objects is best measured by their capacitance? the ability to conduct electric current the ability to distort an external electrostatic field the ability to store charge Capacitance is a measure of the ability of a system of two conductors to store electric charge and energy. It is defined as. This ratio remains constant as long as the system retains its geometry and the amount of dielectric does not change. Capacitors are special devices designed to combine a large capacitance with a small size. However, any pair of conductors separated by a dielectric (or vacuum) has some capacitance. Even an isolated electrode has a small capacitance. That is, if a charge is placed on it, its potential with respect to ground would change, and the ratio is its capacitance. Consider an air-filled charged capacitor. How can its capacitance be increased? What does capacitance depend on? Increase the charge on the capacitor. Decrease the charge on the capacitor. Increase the spacing between the plates of the capacitor. Decrease the spacing between the plates of the capacitor. Increase the length of the wires leading to the capacitor plates. Consider a charged parallel-plate capacitor. How can its capacitance be halved? Check all that apply. Double the charge. Double the plate area. Double the plate separation. Halve the charge. Halve the plate area. Halve the plate separation. Part D Consider a charged parallel-plate capacitor. Which combination of changes would quadruple its capacitance? Double the charge and double the plate area. Double the charge and double the plate separation. Halve the charge and double the plate separation. Halve the charge and double the plate area. Halve the plate separation and double the plate area. Double the plate separation and halve the plate area. Problem 30.19

3 3 of 7 3/23/2010 2:45 PM A switch that connects a battery to a capacitor is closed. Several seconds later you find that the capacitor plates are charged to. What is the emf of the battery? 3.00 Equivalent Capacitance Consider the combination of capacitors shown in the diagram, where 3.00, 11.0, 3.00, and Find the equivalent capacitance of the network of capacitors. Hint A.1 How to reduce the network of capacitors Hint A.2 Find the capacitance equivalent to,, and Hint A.3 Two capacitors in series Express your answer in microfarads Two capacitors of capacitance 6.00 and 3.00 are added to the network, as shown in the diagram. Find the equivalent capacitance of the new network of capacitors. How to reduce the extended network of capacitors Hint B.2 Find the equivalent capacitance of,,,, and Hint B.3 Two capacitors in series Express your answer in microfarads Problem You need a capacitance of 50.0, but you don't happen to have a 50.0 capacitor. You do have a 75.0 capacitor. What additional capacitor do you need to produce a total capacitance of

4 4 of 7 3/23/2010 2:45 PM Should you join the two capacitors in parallel or in series? in parallel in series A Simple Network of Capacitors In the figure are shown three capacitors with capacitances. The capacitor network is connected to an applied potential. After the charges on the capacitors have reached their final values, the charge on the second capacitor is What is the charge on capacitor? Hint A.1 Hint A.2 Hint A.3 Hint A.4 How to approach the problem Series or parallel? Calculate the potential difference across the second capacitor Calculate the potential difference across the first capacitor, 80.0 What is the charge on capacitor? Hint B.2 Hint B.3 Hint B.4 How to approach the problem Series or parallel? Capacitors in series Calculate the total charge in the initial section Express your answer in microcoulombs to three significant figures. 120 What is the applied voltage,? Hint C.1 Hint C.2 Hint C.3 How to approach the problem Calculate the equivalent capacitance Find the total charge Express your answer in volts to three significant figures.

5 5 of 7 3/23/2010 2:45 PM 37.3 What are the charge on and the potential difference across each capacitor in the figure? Problem Part D 1.00 Part E 16.0 Part F 8.00 Problem The flash unit in a camera uses a 3.0 battery to charge a capacitor. The capacitor is then discharged through a flashlamp. The discharge takes, and the average power dissipated in the flashlamp is 10. What is the capacitance of the capacitor? 22.2 Problem Two diameter metal disks are separated by a thick piece of paper. (Dielectric constant for paper is, its dielectric strength is.) What is the capacitance? 0.24

6 6 of 7 3/23/2010 2:45 PM What is the maximum potential difference between the disks? 3.7 The Capacitor as an Energy-Storing Device Learning Goal: To understand that the charge stored by capacitors represents energy; to be able to calculate the stored energy and its changes under different circumstances. An air-filled parallel-plate capacitor has plate area and plate separation. The capacitor is connected to a battery that creates a constant voltage. Find the energy Hint A.1 stored in the capacitor. Formula for the energy of a capacitor Express your answer in terms of,,, and. Remember to enter as epsilon_0. The capacitor is now disconnected from the battery, and the plates of the capacitor are then slowly pulled apart until the separation reaches. Find the new energy of the capacitor after this process. What quantity remains constant? What characteristic of the capacitor does not change in this process? charge voltage between the plates capacitance energy In particular, look carefully at the quantities that do change. Hint B.2 What is the charge Find the charge on the capacitor that resides on the plates of the capacitor? Express your answer in terms of some or all of the variables,, and. Remember to enter as epsilon_0. Hint B.3 How does the capacitance change? How does the capacitance change in this process? remains constant increases by a factor of 3 decreases by a factor of 3 increases by a factor of 9 decreases by a factor of 9 Hint B.4 What is the formula for the energy? Which of the following formulas is most useful in finding for this situation? Express your answer in terms of,,, and.

7 7 of 7 3/23/2010 2:45 PM The increase in energy of the capacitor comes from the external work that must be done to pull the plates apart. Keep in mind that the plates have opposite charges and attract each other; some work must be done by an external agent to pull them apart. The capacitor is now reconnected to the battery, and the plate separation is restored to. A dielectric plate is slowly moved into the capacitor until the entire space between the plates is filled. Find the energy the dielectric-filled capacitor. The capacitor remains connected to the battery. The dielectric constant is. of Express your answer in terms of,,,, and. Score Summary: Your score on this assignment is 111.3%. You received out of a possible total of 75 points, plus 9.68 points of extra credit.

Fall 12 PHY 122 Homework Solutions #4

Fall 12 PHY 122 Homework Solutions #4 Fall 12 PHY 122 Homework Solutions #4 Chapter 23 Problem 45 Calculate the electric potential due to a tiny dipole whose dipole moment is 4.8 x 10-30 C.m at a point 4.1 x 10-9 m away if this point is (a)

More information

physics 111N electric potential and capacitance

physics 111N electric potential and capacitance physics 111N electric potential and capacitance electric potential energy consider a uniform electric field (e.g. from parallel plates) note the analogy to gravitational force near the surface of the Earth

More information

1 of 8 3/30/2010 2:18 PM

1 of 8 3/30/2010 2:18 PM 1 of 8 3/30/2010 2:18 PM Chapter 32 Homework Due: 8:00am on Tuesday, March 30, 2010 Note: To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor's Grading Policy. [Return to Standard Assignment View]

More information

Chapter 26. Capacitance and Dielectrics

Chapter 26. Capacitance and Dielectrics Chapter 26 Capacitance and Dielectrics Capacitors Capacitors are devices that store electric charge Examples where capacitors are used: radio receivers filters in power supplies energy-storing devices

More information

Q24.1 The two conductors a and b are insulated from each other, forming a capacitor. You increase the charge on a to +2Q and increase the charge on b

Q24.1 The two conductors a and b are insulated from each other, forming a capacitor. You increase the charge on a to +2Q and increase the charge on b Q24.1 The two conductors a and b are insulated from each other, forming a capacitor. You increase the charge on a to +2Q and increase the charge on b to 2Q, while keeping the conductors in the same positions.

More information

Kirchhoff's Rules and Applying Them

Kirchhoff's Rules and Applying Them [ Assignment View ] [ Eðlisfræði 2, vor 2007 26. DC Circuits Assignment is due at 2:00am on Wednesday, February 21, 2007 Credit for problems submitted late will decrease to 0% after the deadline has passed.

More information

Measurement of Capacitance

Measurement of Capacitance Measurement of Capacitance Pre-Lab Questions Page Name: Class: Roster Number: Instructor:. A capacitor is used to store. 2. What is the SI unit for capacitance? 3. A capacitor basically consists of two

More information

Capacitance, Resistance, DC Circuits

Capacitance, Resistance, DC Circuits This test covers capacitance, electrical current, resistance, emf, electrical power, Ohm s Law, Kirchhoff s Rules, and RC Circuits, with some problems requiring a knowledge of basic calculus. Part I. Multiple

More information

Physics 210 Q ( PHYSICS210BRIDGE ) My Courses Course Settings

Physics 210 Q ( PHYSICS210BRIDGE ) My Courses Course Settings 1 of 16 9/7/2012 1:10 PM Logged in as Julie Alexander, Instructor Help Log Out Physics 210 Q1 2012 ( PHYSICS210BRIDGE ) My Courses Course Settings Course Home Assignments Roster Gradebook Item Library

More information

Physics 1653 Exam 3 - Review Questions

Physics 1653 Exam 3 - Review Questions Physics 1653 Exam 3 - Review Questions 3.0 Two uncharged conducting spheres, A and B, are suspended from insulating threads so that they touch each other. While a negatively charged rod is held near, but

More information

PSS 27.2 The Electric Field of a Continuous Distribution of Charge

PSS 27.2 The Electric Field of a Continuous Distribution of Charge Chapter 27 Solutions PSS 27.2 The Electric Field of a Continuous Distribution of Charge Description: Knight Problem-Solving Strategy 27.2 The Electric Field of a Continuous Distribution of Charge is illustrated.

More information

Objectives for the standardized exam

Objectives for the standardized exam III. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM A. Electrostatics 1. Charge and Coulomb s Law a) Students should understand the concept of electric charge, so they can: (1) Describe the types of charge and the attraction

More information

RVRUSA LCC. Capacitance & Capacitors (Bogart, page 285)

RVRUSA LCC. Capacitance & Capacitors (Bogart, page 285) Capacitance & Capacitors (Bogart, page 285) Capacitance is a measure of a component s ability to store charge. A capacitor is a device specially designed to have a certain amount of capacitance. This ability

More information

Experiment 9 ~ RC Circuits

Experiment 9 ~ RC Circuits Experiment 9 ~ RC Circuits Objective: This experiment will introduce you to the properties of circuits that contain both resistors AND capacitors. Equipment: 18 volt power supply, two capacitors (8 µf

More information

Electrical Energy, Potential and Capacitance. AP Physics B

Electrical Energy, Potential and Capacitance. AP Physics B Electrical Energy, Potential and Capacitance AP Physics B Electric Fields and WORK In order to bring two like charges near each other work must be done. In order to separate two opposite charges, work

More information

Capacitance and Dielectrics. Physics 231 Lecture 4-1

Capacitance and Dielectrics. Physics 231 Lecture 4-1 apacitance and Dielectrics Physics 3 Lecture 4- apacitors Device for storing electrical energy which can then be released in a controlled manner onsists of two conductors, carrying charges of q and q,

More information

Exam 1 Solutions. PHY2054 Fall 2014. Prof. Paul Avery Prof. Andrey Korytov Sep. 26, 2014

Exam 1 Solutions. PHY2054 Fall 2014. Prof. Paul Avery Prof. Andrey Korytov Sep. 26, 2014 Exam 1 Solutions Prof. Paul Avery Prof. Andrey Korytov Sep. 26, 2014 1. Charges are arranged on an equilateral triangle of side 5 cm as shown in the diagram. Given that q 1 = 5 µc and q 2 = q 3 = 2 µc

More information

1 of 8 2/25/2010 5:32 PM

1 of 8 2/25/2010 5:32 PM Chapter 26 Homework Due: 8:00am on Monday, February 22, 2010 Note: To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor's Grading Policy. [Return to Standard Assignment View] Charging a Conducting

More information

AP Physics Capacitance & Dielectrics; Current & Resistance; D.C. Circuits

AP Physics Capacitance & Dielectrics; Current & Resistance; D.C. Circuits A hysics Capacitance & Dielectrics; Current & esistance; D.C. Circuits art I. Multiple Choice (4 points each) Choose the one best answer to each of the following problems. 1 (A). A parallel-plate capacitor

More information

Electrostatics Problems

Electrostatics Problems Name AP Physics B Electrostatics Problems Date Mrs. Kelly 1. How many excess electrons are contained in a charge of 30 C? 2. Calculate and compare the gravitational and electrostatic force between an electron

More information

Eðlisfræði 2, vor 2007

Eðlisfræði 2, vor 2007 [ Assignment View ] [ Pri Eðlisfræði 2, vor 2007 31. Alternating Current Circuits Assignment is due at 2:00am on Wednesday, March 21, 2007 Credit for problems submitted late will decrease to 0% after the

More information

Electrostatics-E Field

Electrostatics-E Field 1. Which diagram represents the electric field lines between two small electrically charged spheres? 2. Which graph best represents the relationship between the magnitude of the electric field strength,

More information

CLASS TEST GRADE 11. PHYSICAL SCIENCES: PHYSICS Test 3: Electricity and magnetism

CLASS TEST GRADE 11. PHYSICAL SCIENCES: PHYSICS Test 3: Electricity and magnetism CLASS TEST GRADE 11 PHYSICAL SCIENCES: PHYSICS Test 3: Electricity and magnetism MARKS: 45 TIME: 1 hour INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION 1. Answer ALL the questions. 2. You may use non-programmable calculators.

More information

Objectives. Capacitors 262 CHAPTER 5 ENERGY

Objectives. Capacitors 262 CHAPTER 5 ENERGY Objectives Describe a capacitor. Explain how a capacitor stores energy. Define capacitance. Calculate the electrical energy stored in a capacitor. Describe an inductor. Explain how an inductor stores energy.

More information

Pre-Lab 7 Assignment: Capacitors and RC Circuits

Pre-Lab 7 Assignment: Capacitors and RC Circuits Name: Lab Partners: Date: Pre-Lab 7 Assignment: Capacitors and RC Circuits (Due at the beginning of lab) Directions: Read over the Lab Handout and then answer the following questions about the procedures.

More information

PHYS-2020: General Physics II Course Lecture Notes Section II

PHYS-2020: General Physics II Course Lecture Notes Section II PHYS-2020: General Physics II Course Lecture Notes Section II Dr. Donald G. Luttermoser East Tennessee State University Edition 4.0 Abstract These class notes are designed for use of the instructor and

More information

LAB 4: CAPACITORS AND RC CIRCUITS

LAB 4: CAPACITORS AND RC CIRCUITS 1 Name Date Partner(s) OBJECTIVES LAB 4: CAPACITORS AND RC CIRCUITS! To define capacitance and to learn to measure it with a digital multimeter.! To discover how the capacitance of conducting parallel

More information

Lesson 6 Capacitors and Capacitance Lawrence B. Rees 2007. You may make a single copy of this document for personal use without written permission.

Lesson 6 Capacitors and Capacitance Lawrence B. Rees 2007. You may make a single copy of this document for personal use without written permission. Lesson 6 apacitors and apacitance Lawrence B. Rees 7. You may make a single copy of this document for personal use without written permission. 6. Introduction In 745 Pieter van Musschenbroek, while trying

More information

Episode 126: Capacitance and the equation C =Q/V

Episode 126: Capacitance and the equation C =Q/V Episode 126: Capacitance and the equation C =Q/V Having established that there is charge on each capacitor plate, the next stage is to establish the relationship between charge and potential difference

More information

Capacitors Lab. In order to investigate electric fields you will need the following equipment. Home-made parallel capacitor with wax paper in between

Capacitors Lab. In order to investigate electric fields you will need the following equipment. Home-made parallel capacitor with wax paper in between Capacitors Lab 1 Equipment In order to investigate electric fields you will need the following equipment Home-made parallel capacitor with wax paper in between DC voltage supply Electrometer Variable capacitor

More information

Resistor-Capacitor (RC) Circuits

Resistor-Capacitor (RC) Circuits Resistor-Capacitor (RC) Circuits Introduction In this second exercise dealing with electrical circuitry, you will work mainly with capacitors, which are devices that are used to store charge for later

More information

CAPACITIVE REACTANCE. We have already discussed the operation of a capacitor in a DC circuit, however let's just go over the main principles again.

CAPACITIVE REACTANCE. We have already discussed the operation of a capacitor in a DC circuit, however let's just go over the main principles again. Reading 13 Ron Bertrand VK2DQ http://www.radioelectronicschool.com CAPACITOR IN A DC CIRCUIT CAPACITIVE REACTANCE We have already discussed the operation of a capacitor in a DC circuit, however let's just

More information

Lab 4 - Capacitors & RC Circuits

Lab 4 - Capacitors & RC Circuits Lab 4 Capacitors & RC Circuits L41 Name Date Partners Lab 4 Capacitors & RC Circuits OBJECTIVES To define capacitance and to learn to measure it with a digital multimeter. To explore how the capacitance

More information

CHAPTER 14 -- CAPACITORS QUESTION & PROBLEM SOLUTIONS

CHAPTER 14 -- CAPACITORS QUESTION & PROBLEM SOLUTIONS Solutions--h 14 (apacitors) HAPTER 14 -- APAITORS QUESTION & PROBLEM SOLUTIONS 141) You have a power supply whose low voltage plate A plate B "ground" terminal is attached to a resistor whose R resistance

More information

Physics II Exam 2 Review

Physics II Exam 2 Review Physics II Exam 2 Review Christopher Lane 1,2 Justin Lucas 1,3 Julia Bielaski 1,2 1 Department Physics, Clarkson University 2 Department Mathematics, Clarkson University 3 Department Electrical and Computer

More information

s_5xut Page 1 Physics Samples

s_5xut Page 1 Physics Samples Physics Samples E&M Unit 1. Two metal spheres having charges of +4.0 x 10 6 coulomb and +2.0 x 10 5 coulomb, respectively, are brought into contact and then separated. After separation, the charge on each

More information

Electricity and Water Analogy

Electricity and Water Analogy [ Assignment View ] [ Eðlisfræði 2, vor 2007 25. Current, Resistance, and Electromagnetic Force Assignment is due at 2:00am on Wednesday, February 14, 2007 Credit for problems submitted late will decrease

More information

Chapter 11. Circuits

Chapter 11. Circuits Chapter 11 Circuits 376 377 AP Physics Multiple Choice Practice Circuits 1. Multiple Correct. Which two arrangements of resistors shown above have the same resistance between the terminals? Select two

More information

UNIT 24: CAPACITORS AND RC CIRCUITS Approximate Time Two 100-minute Sessions

UNIT 24: CAPACITORS AND RC CIRCUITS Approximate Time Two 100-minute Sessions Name St.No. - Date(YY/MM/DD) / / Section Group # UNIT 24: CAPACITORS AND RC CIRCUITS Approximate Time Two 100-minute Sessions + + + + - - - - The most universal and significant concept to come out of the

More information

ELECTROSTATICS. Ans: It is a fundamental property of matter which is responsible for all electrical effects

ELECTROSTATICS. Ans: It is a fundamental property of matter which is responsible for all electrical effects ELECTROSTATICS One Marks Questions with Answers: 1.What is an electric charge? Ans: It is a fundamental property of matter which is responsible for all electrical effects 2. Write the SI unit of charge?

More information

January 30. Physics 272. Spring Prof. Philip von Doetinchem

January 30. Physics 272. Spring Prof. Philip von Doetinchem Physics 272 January 30 Spring 2014 http://www.phys.hawaii.edu/~philipvd/pvd_14_spring_272_uhm.html Prof. Philip von Doetinchem philipvd@hawaii.edu Phys272 - Spring 14 - von Doetinchem - 140 Summary General

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) If the voltage at a point in space is zero, then the electric field must be A) zero. B) positive.

More information

Capacitors. We charge a capacitor by connecting the two plates to a potential difference, such as a battery:

Capacitors. We charge a capacitor by connecting the two plates to a potential difference, such as a battery: RC Circuits PHYS 1112L Capacitors A capacitor is an electrical component that stores charge. The simplest capacitor is just two charged metal plates separated by a non-conducting material: In the diagram

More information

Chapter 25: Capacitance

Chapter 25: Capacitance Chapter 25: Capacitance Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone. Albert Einstein 25.1 Introduction Whenever

More information

Physics 122 (Sonnenfeld), Spring 2013 ( MPSONNENFELDS2013 ) My Courses Course Settings

Physics 122 (Sonnenfeld), Spring 2013 ( MPSONNENFELDS2013 ) My Courses Course Settings Signed in as Richard Sonnenfeld, Instructor Help Sign Out Physics 122 (Sonnenfeld), Spring 2013 ( MPSONNENFELDS2013 ) My Courses Course Settings Course Home Assignments Roster Gradebook Item Library Essential

More information

4/16/ Bertrand

4/16/ Bertrand Physics B AP Review: Electricity and Magnetism Name: Charge (Q or q, unit: Coulomb) Comes in + and The proton has a charge of e. The electron has a charge of e. e = 1.602 10-19 Coulombs. Charge distribution

More information

EDEXCEL NATIONAL CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA UNIT 5 - ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC PRINCIPLES NQF LEVEL 3 OUTCOME 2 - CAPACITANCE

EDEXCEL NATIONAL CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA UNIT 5 - ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC PRINCIPLES NQF LEVEL 3 OUTCOME 2 - CAPACITANCE EDEXCEL NATIONAL CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA UNIT 5 - ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC PRINCIPLES NQF LEVEL 3 OUTCOME 2 - CAPACITANCE 2 Understand the concepts of capacitance and determine capacitance values in DC circuits

More information

EE301 Lesson 14 Reading: 10.1-10.4, 10.11-10.12, 11.1-11.4 and 11.11-11.13

EE301 Lesson 14 Reading: 10.1-10.4, 10.11-10.12, 11.1-11.4 and 11.11-11.13 CAPACITORS AND INDUCTORS Learning Objectives EE301 Lesson 14 a. Define capacitance and state its symbol and unit of measurement. b. Predict the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor. c. Analyze how

More information

People s Physics Book

People s Physics Book The Big Idea When current flows through wires and resistors in a circuit as a result of an electric potential, charge does not build up significantly anywhere on the path. Capacitors are devices placed

More information

Coefficient of Potential and Capacitance

Coefficient of Potential and Capacitance Coefficient of Potential and Capacitance Lecture 12: Electromagnetic Theory Professor D. K. Ghosh, Physics Department, I.I.T., Bombay We know that inside a conductor there is no electric field and that

More information

More Concepts. I = dq. Current is the rate of flow of charge around a circuit.

More Concepts. I = dq. Current is the rate of flow of charge around a circuit. RC Circuits In this presentation, circuits with multiple batteries, resistors and capacitors will be reduced to an equivalent system with a single battery, a single resistor, and a single capacitor. Kirchoff's

More information

PHYSICS 200 CLASS 12 SPRING 2004 (11 February 04) CONCEPTS: 1. Capacitor as a device for storing electric charge

PHYSICS 200 CLASS 12 SPRING 2004 (11 February 04) CONCEPTS: 1. Capacitor as a device for storing electric charge PHYSICS 200 CLASS 12 SPRING 2004 (11 February 04) ASSIGNMENT: HRW, Chapter 26 CONCEPTS: 1. Capacitor as a device for storing electric charge 2. The ability of a capacitor to store charge depends on its

More information

Exercises on Voltage, Capacitance and Circuits. A d = (8.85 10 12 ) π(0.05)2 = 6.95 10 11 F

Exercises on Voltage, Capacitance and Circuits. A d = (8.85 10 12 ) π(0.05)2 = 6.95 10 11 F Exercises on Voltage, Capacitance and Circuits Exercise 1.1 Instead of buying a capacitor, you decide to make one. Your capacitor consists of two circular metal plates, each with a radius of 5 cm. The

More information

Storing And Releasing Charge In A Circuit

Storing And Releasing Charge In A Circuit Storing And Releasing Charge In A Circuit Topic The characteristics of capacitors Introduction A capacitor is a device that can retain and release an electric charge, and is used in many circuits. There

More information

Problem Solving 4: Capacitance, Stored Energy, Capacitors in Parallel and Series, Dielectrics

Problem Solving 4: Capacitance, Stored Energy, Capacitors in Parallel and Series, Dielectrics Problem Solving 4: Capacitance, Stored Energy, Capacitors in Parallel and Series, Dielectrics Section Table Names Hand in one copy per group at the end of the Friday Problem Solving Session. OBJECTIVES

More information

Resistor Capacitor (RC) Circuits

Resistor Capacitor (RC) Circuits Resistor Capacitor (RC) Circuits So far, we know how to handle resistors in a circuit: What happens when the switch is closed? A steady current flows in the circuit What happens if we also put a capacitor

More information

Parallel Plate Capacitor

Parallel Plate Capacitor Parallel Plate Capacitor Capacitor Charge, Plate Separation, and Voltage A capacitor is used to store electric charge. The more voltage (electrical pressure) you apply to the capacitor, the more charge

More information

Chapter 18 Electric Current and Circuits

Chapter 18 Electric Current and Circuits Chapter 18 Electric Current and Circuits 3. When a current flows down a wire: A. electrons are moving in the direction of the current. B. electrons are moving opposite the direction of the current. C.

More information

Lab 5 RC Circuits: Charge Changing in Time Observing the way capacitors in RC circuits charge and discharge.

Lab 5 RC Circuits: Charge Changing in Time Observing the way capacitors in RC circuits charge and discharge. Print Your Name Lab 5 RC Circuits: Charge Changing in Time Observing the way capacitors in RC circuits charge and discharge. Print Your Partners' Names Instructions October 15, 2015October 13, 2015 Read

More information

1) 10. V 2) 20. V 3) 110 V 4) 220 V

1) 10. V 2) 20. V 3) 110 V 4) 220 V 1. The diagram below represents an electric circuit consisting of a 12-volt battery, a 3.0-ohm resistor, R 1, and a variable resistor, R 2. 3. What is the total resistance of the circuit 1) 6.6 Ω 2) 10

More information

Force on Moving Charges in a Magnetic Field

Force on Moving Charges in a Magnetic Field [ Assignment View ] [ Eðlisfræði 2, vor 2007 27. Magnetic Field and Magnetic Forces Assignment is due at 2:00am on Wednesday, February 28, 2007 Credit for problems submitted late will decrease to 0% after

More information

PHYS-2212 LAB Coulomb s Law and the Force between Charged Plates

PHYS-2212 LAB Coulomb s Law and the Force between Charged Plates PHYS-2212 LAB Coulomb s Law and the Force between Charged Plates Objectives To investigate the electrostatic force between charged metal plates and determine the electric permittivity of free space, ε

More information

Homework 6 Solutions PHYS 212 Dr. Amir

Homework 6 Solutions PHYS 212 Dr. Amir Homework 6 Solutions PHYS Dr. Amir Chapter 5: 9. (II) A 00-W lightbulb has a resistance of about Ω when cold (0 C) and 0 Ω when on (hot). Estimate the temperature of the filament when hot assuming an average

More information

( )( 10!12 ( 0.01) 2 2 = 624 ( ) Exam 1 Solutions. Phy 2049 Fall 2011

( )( 10!12 ( 0.01) 2 2 = 624 ( ) Exam 1 Solutions. Phy 2049 Fall 2011 Phy 49 Fall 11 Solutions 1. Three charges form an equilateral triangle of side length d = 1 cm. The top charge is q = - 4 μc, while the bottom two are q1 = q = +1 μc. What is the magnitude of the net force

More information

University Physics 227N/232N Current and Ohm s Law, Resistors, Circuits, and Kirchoff Lab this Friday, Feb 28 So NO QUIZ this Friday!

University Physics 227N/232N Current and Ohm s Law, Resistors, Circuits, and Kirchoff Lab this Friday, Feb 28 So NO QUIZ this Friday! University Physics 227N/232N Current and Ohm s Law, Resistors, Circuits, and Kirchoff Lab this Friday, Feb 28 So NO QUIZ this Friday! Dr. Todd Satogata (ODU/Jefferson Lab) and Fred Miller satogata@jlab.org

More information

Reading assignment: All students should read the Appendix about using oscilloscopes.

Reading assignment: All students should read the Appendix about using oscilloscopes. 10. A ircuits* Objective: To learn how to analyze current and voltage relationships in alternating current (a.c.) circuits. You will use the method of phasors, or the vector addition of rotating vectors

More information

Forces between charges

Forces between charges Forces between charges Two small objects each with a net charge of Q (where Q is a positive number) exert a force of magnitude F on each other. We replace one of the objects with another whose net charge

More information

1 of 7 4/13/2010 8:05 PM

1 of 7 4/13/2010 8:05 PM Chapter 33 Homework Due: 8:00am on Wednesday, April 7, 2010 Note: To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor's Grading Policy [Return to Standard Assignment View] Canceling a Magnetic Field

More information

CHAPTER 26 ELECTROSTATIC ENERGY AND CAPACITORS

CHAPTER 26 ELECTROSTATIC ENERGY AND CAPACITORS CHAPTER 6 ELECTROSTATIC ENERGY AND CAPACITORS. Three point charges, each of +q, are moved from infinity to the vertices of an equilateral triangle of side l. How much work is required? The sentence preceding

More information

3. As shown in the diagram below, a charged rod is held near, but not touching, a neutral electroscope.

3. As shown in the diagram below, a charged rod is held near, but not touching, a neutral electroscope. 1. As a positively charged rod is brought near to but not allowed to touch the knob of an uncharged electroscope, the leaves will diverge because negative charges are transferred from the electroscope

More information

Physics 2212 GH Quiz #4 Solutions Spring 2015

Physics 2212 GH Quiz #4 Solutions Spring 2015 Physics 1 GH Quiz #4 Solutions Spring 15 Fundamental Charge e = 1.6 1 19 C Mass of an Electron m e = 9.19 1 31 kg Coulomb constant K = 8.988 1 9 N m /C Vacuum Permittivity ϵ = 8.854 1 1 C /N m Earth s

More information

14 Capacitors in Series & Parallel

14 Capacitors in Series & Parallel hapter 4 apacitors in Series & Parallel 4 apacitors in Series & Parallel The method of ever-simpler circuits that we used for circuits with more than one resistor can also be used for circuits having more

More information

OCR (A) specifications: 5.4.7a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h. Chapter 7 Capacitors

OCR (A) specifications: 5.4.7a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h. Chapter 7 Capacitors OCR (A) specifications: 5.4.7a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h Chapter 7 Capacitors Worksheet Worked examples Practical : Determining the capacitance of a parallel-plate capacitor Practical 2: Determining the capacitance

More information

The current that flows is determined by the potential difference across the conductor and the resistance of the conductor (Ohm s law): V = IR P = VI

The current that flows is determined by the potential difference across the conductor and the resistance of the conductor (Ohm s law): V = IR P = VI PHYS1000 DC electric circuits 1 Electric circuits Electric current Charge can move freely in a conductor if an electric field is present; the moving charge is an electric current (SI unit is the ampere

More information

Chapter 25 : Electric circuits

Chapter 25 : Electric circuits Chapter 25 : Electric circuits Voltage and current Series and parallel circuits Resistors and capacitors Kirchoff s rules for analysing circuits Electric circuits Closed loop of electrical components around

More information

1 of 7 10/2/2009 1:13 PM

1 of 7 10/2/2009 1:13 PM 1 of 7 10/2/2009 1:13 PM Chapter 6 Homework Due: 9:00am on Monday, September 28, 2009 Note: To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor's Grading Policy. [Return to Standard Assignment View]

More information

PHYSICS LAB. Capacitor. Date: GRADE: PHYSICS DEPARTMENT JAMES MADISON UNIVERSITY. Revision November 2002. Capacitor 21

PHYSICS LAB. Capacitor. Date: GRADE: PHYSICS DEPARTMENT JAMES MADISON UNIVERSITY. Revision November 2002. Capacitor 21 PHYSICS LAB Capacitor Printed Names: Signatures: Date: Lab Section: Instructor: GRADE: PHYSICS DEPARTMENT JAMES MADISON UNIVERSITY Revision November 2002 Capacitor 21 Blank page Capacitor 22 CHARGING AND

More information

Physics 2220 Module 09 Homework

Physics 2220 Module 09 Homework Physics 2220 Module 09 Homework 01. A potential difference of 0.050 V is developed across the 10-cm-long wire of the figure as it moves though a magnetic field perpendicular to the page. What are the strength

More information

HW7 Solutions Notice numbers may change randomly in your assignments and you may have to recalculate solutions for your specific case.

HW7 Solutions Notice numbers may change randomly in your assignments and you may have to recalculate solutions for your specific case. HW7 Solutions Notice numbers may change randomly in your assignments and you may have to recalculate solutions for your specific case. Tipler 24.P.021 (a) Find the energy stored in a 20.00 nf capacitor

More information

Chapter 18 Electric Forces and Electric Fields. Key Concepts:

Chapter 18 Electric Forces and Electric Fields. Key Concepts: Chapter 18 Lectures Monday, January 25, 2010 7:33 AM Chapter 18 Electric Forces and Electric Fields Key Concepts: electric charge principle of conservation of charge charge polarization, both permanent

More information

OHM S LAW 05 AUGUST 2014

OHM S LAW 05 AUGUST 2014 OHM S LAW 05 AUGUST 2014 In this lesson, we: Current Lesson Description Revise the definitions of current, potential difference and emf Explore Ohm s law Identify the characteristics of ohmic and non-ohmic

More information

Electrostatics. Electrostatics Version 2

Electrostatics. Electrostatics Version 2 1. A 150-watt lightbulb is brighter than a 60.-watt lightbulb when both are operating at a potential difference of 110 volts. Compared to the resistance of and the current drawn by the 150-watt lightbulb,

More information

Electric Currents. Electric Potential Energy 11/23/16. Topic 5.1 Electric potential difference, current and resistance

Electric Currents. Electric Potential Energy 11/23/16. Topic 5.1 Electric potential difference, current and resistance Electric Currents Topic 5.1 Electric potential difference, current and resistance Electric Potential Energy l If you want to move a charge closer to a charged sphere you have to push against the repulsive

More information

Electric Field Mapping Lab 3. Precautions

Electric Field Mapping Lab 3. Precautions HB 09-25-07 Electric Field Mapping Lab 3 1 Electric Field Mapping Lab 3 Equipment mapping board, U-probe, resistive boards, templates, dc voltmeter (431B), 4 long leads, 16 V dc for wall strip Reading

More information

CAUTION! A high-quality capacitor can hold a charge for long periods of time.

CAUTION! A high-quality capacitor can hold a charge for long periods of time. CAUTION! A high-quality capacitor can hold a charge for long periods of time. To prevent a painful shock, the capacitor must be discharged before its removal. What Is A Capacitor? For HVAC technicians,

More information

Equipotential and Electric Field Mapping

Equipotential and Electric Field Mapping Experiment 1 Equipotential and Electric Field Mapping 1.1 Objectives 1. Determine the lines of constant electric potential for two simple configurations of oppositely charged conductors. 2. Determine the

More information

2. In Newton s universal law of gravitation the masses are assumed to be. B. masses of planets. D. spherical masses.

2. In Newton s universal law of gravitation the masses are assumed to be. B. masses of planets. D. spherical masses. Practice Test: 41 marks (55 minutes) Additional Problem: 19 marks (7 minutes) 1. A spherical planet of uniform density has three times the mass of the Earth and twice the average radius. The magnitude

More information

Q26.1 Which of the two arrangements shown has the smaller equivalent resistance between points a and b? A. the series arrangement B.

Q26.1 Which of the two arrangements shown has the smaller equivalent resistance between points a and b? A. the series arrangement B. Q26.1 Which of the two arrangements shown has the smaller equivalent resistance between points a and b? A. the series arrangement B. the parallel arrangement C. The equivalent resistance is the same for

More information

Fall 97 Test 1, P. 2

Fall 97 Test 1, P. 2 2102 Fall 97 Test 1 Fall 97 Test 1, P. 2 Fall 97 Test 1, P. 3 Fall 97 Test 1, P. 4 Fall 97 Test 1, P. 5 5. (10 points) A spherical rubber balloon has a charge uniformly distributed over is surface. The

More information

Looking at Capacitors

Looking at Capacitors Module 2 AC Theory Looking at What you'll learn in Module 2: In section 2.1 Common capacitor types and their uses. Basic Circuit Symbols for. In section 2.2 Charge & Discharge How capacitors work. What

More information

ELECTRIC FIELD LINES AND EQUIPOTENTIAL SURFACES

ELECTRIC FIELD LINES AND EQUIPOTENTIAL SURFACES ELECTRIC FIELD LINES AND EQUIPOTENTIAL SURFACES The purpose of this lab session is to experimentally investigate the relation between electric field lines of force and equipotential surfaces in two dimensions.

More information

RC Circuits. Honors Physics Note 002 c Alex R. Dzierba Honors Physics P222 - Spring, 2004

RC Circuits. Honors Physics Note 002 c Alex R. Dzierba Honors Physics P222 - Spring, 2004 R ircuits Honors Physics Note 2 c Alex R. Dziera Honors Physics P222 - Spring, 24 Introduction This note concerns the ehavior of circuits that include cominations of resistors, capacitors and possily a

More information

Student Content Brief Advanced Level

Student Content Brief Advanced Level Student Content Brief Advanced Level Electric Circuits Background Information There are a variety of forces acting on the body of the Sea Perch. One important force is pushing electrons through the wires

More information

Gauss's Law. Gauss's Law in 3, 2, and 1 Dimension

Gauss's Law. Gauss's Law in 3, 2, and 1 Dimension [ Assignment View ] [ Eðlisfræði 2, vor 2007 22. Gauss' Law Assignment is due at 2:00am on Wednesday, January 31, 2007 Credit for problems submitted late will decrease to 0% after the deadline has passed.

More information

Electric Currents & DC Circuits

Electric Currents & DC Circuits Slide 1 / 70 Slide 2 / 70 1 The length of an aluminum wire is quadrupled and the radius is doubled. y which factor does the resistance change? lectric urrents & ircuits 2 4 1/2 1/4 1 Slide 3 / 70 2 copper

More information

Electricity & Optics

Electricity & Optics Physics 24100 Electricity & Optics Lecture 9 Chapter 24 sec. 3-5 Fall 2012 Semester Matthew Jones Thursday s Clicker Question To double the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor, you should: (a) Double

More information

SQA Advanced Higher Physics Unit 2: Electrical Phenomena

SQA Advanced Higher Physics Unit 2: Electrical Phenomena SCHOLAR Study Guide SQA Advanced Higher Physics Unit 2: Electrical Phenomena Andrew Tookey Heriot-Watt University Campbell White Tynecastle High School Heriot-Watt University Edinburgh EH14 4AS, United

More information

1 of 9 2/9/2010 3:38 PM

1 of 9 2/9/2010 3:38 PM 1 of 9 2/9/2010 3:38 PM Chapter 23 Homework Due: 8:00am on Monday, February 8, 2010 Note: To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor's Grading Policy. [Return to Standard Assignment View]

More information

Basic Electricity Notes

Basic Electricity Notes Basic Electricity Notes EVERYTHING IS MADE OF ATOMS Imagine a pure gold ring. Divide it in half and give one of the halves away. Keep dividing and dividing and dividing. Soon you will have a piece so small

More information

A2 Physics - Electric Fields Q&A Revision Sheet

A2 Physics - Electric Fields Q&A Revision Sheet Give the equation relating to the force between point charges in a vacuum If 'F' (the force) is negative what does that mean? If 'F' (the force) is positive what does that mean? State Coulomb's Law F is

More information