2010 Census Report: South Bend-St. Joseph County Community Overview

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1 2010 Census Report: South Bend-St. Joseph County Community Overview Prepared by City of South Bend Department of Community & Economic Development Division of Community Development April 2011

2 Summary The City of South Bend Department of Community & Economic Development, with assistance from the Area Plan Commission of St. Joseph County, has compiled this community profile that provides Census information about facts and trends in St. Joseph County. This report gathered data from the 2010 Census and other recent Census products to prepare maps and analysis about population, race, housing units, and income. Much of this data is presented at the census tract level. St. Joseph County s overall population remained stable from 2000 to 2010, but it became more suburbanized. Population in South Bend fell, especially on the near west and northwest sides. Population in Mishawaka rose slightly; however, most of this population growth was in fringe areas of that city. With the exception of parts of Clay Township, suburban, small town, and rural areas of the County grew in population. St. Joseph County became more diverse from 2000 to The population identifying itself as White alone declined, especially in South Bend. The African American population increased, but it did so at a rate slower than the rise in the population of Hispanic or Latino origin. Minority groups remained concentrated within South Bend. The number of housing units in St. Joseph County rose from 2000 to While double-digit percentage increases in housing units in suburban and outlying areas were not unusual over the decade, established areas of South Bend and Mishawaka saw decreases in their number of units. Consistent with national economic and real estate circumstances, the 2010 housing vacancy rate in the County was relatively high, and particularly so on the near south and west sides of South Bend. According to the latest Census data available, the highest median household incomes in St. Joseph County are found in the Granger area. While a few South Bend census tracts had relatively high incomes, nearly all urban areas of South Bend and Mishawaka had median household incomes below that of the County as a whole. The highest rates of poverty are found in South Bend, especially on the west side. Income growth varied, with the highest rates of growth mostly occurring in Granger, western and southwestern St. Joseph County, South Bend s east side, and Mishawaka s west side Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 2

3 Introduction In February 2011, the United States Bureau of the Census began releasing 2010 Census data for Indiana counties, places, and census tracts. The overall population counts for a county or city garner the most attention but they obscure variations in population change and other categories across smaller geographies. This report, then, aims to provide an initial profile of St. Joseph County, with a focus on the City of South Bend, using data available at the census tract level from the 2010 Census and other recent Census products. As additional and more detailed Census data is released over the next two years, greater insights into the South Bend area can be made, but the information on the community s profile and trends presented in this report can provide an informed basis for making City policy decisions. For this report, data have been gathered in the following areas: Population and population change, , Race and Hispanic origin, 2010, and change, Number and change in housing units, , Housing vacancy, 2010, and Income and changes in income, 1999 and Data within each category listed above is discussed briefly and associated maps are provided. More detailed tables providing raw data are found in the appendix. Most Census data have been gathered at the census tract level. The 2000 Census divided St. Joseph County into 69 tracts (see Map 1). With the 2010 Census, five of these tracts were split into 11 new census tracts; these splits created a new total of 75 tracts countywide. Census Tracts 112, , , and 118 were each split into two census tracts, while Census Tract was split into three census tracts. This report uses the geographies of the 2000 Census as this allows for comparison of data within a particular area between 2000 and Census tracts may overlap City boundaries. Of the 69 tracts defined by the 2000 Census, 35 were entirely or nearly entirely within the South Bend city limits and 12 others were partially within the city limits; 8 tracts were primarily within Mishawaka city limits (see reference table below). Census Tracts (per 2000 Census) Census Tracts 1-35 Census Tracts , Census Tracts , Primary Geography City of South Bend City of Mishawaka St. Joseph County (unincorporated) 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 3

4 Map 1 (2000 Census geographies shown) 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 4

5 Population Change, From 2000 to 2010, St. Joseph County saw a modest rise in its population while the City of South Bend lost 6.1% of its residents. St. Joseph County s population increased from 265,559 in 2000 to 266,931 in 2010, a 0.5% gain. South Bend s population declined from 107,789 in 2000 to 101,168 in To gain an understanding of population trends at the census tract level, this report gathered 2000 and 2010 population counts. The population change from 2000 to 2010 was then calculated in absolute and percentage terms; the percentage change in population for each census tract was mapped (see Map 2). Findings Nearly all urban areas of St. Joseph County lost population. Twenty-eight of the 35 census tracts entirely or nearly entirely within South Bend lost population from 2000 to Five of the eight census tracts primarily within Mishawaka lost population, and the three that had population increases all had growth of less than 3%. Census tracts comprising Downtown South Bend (Tract 17), the East Bank (Tract 9), and the east and northeast sides all had population losses from 2000 to 2010, though these population losses tended to be less severe than other areas of the City. The tract including Downtown Mishawaka (Tract 102) also lost population. Several urban St. Joseph County neighborhoods saw significant population declines. The greatest population declines in percentage terms were on South Bend s near west and northwest sides. Four census tracts in South Bend lost 29% or more of their populations. Eleven other census tracts in South Bend and one in Mishawaka (Tract 107/near northeast side) lost at least 10% of their populations between 2000 and Census tracts with new apartment developments saw population growth. In South Bend, census tracts containing the Arbors at Belleville (Tract 28), Ellison Homes (Tract 23), and Indiana University South Bend s student housing (Tract 31) all saw their population increase from 2000 to More suburban tracts north and south of Mishawaka (Tracts and ) that also saw significant apartment growth during the decade achieved increased populations. Occupancy of new apartment and row house units at Eddy Street Commons (Tract 10) occurred during and after the 2010 Census count. While population generally increased in suburban areas, not all such areas saw population growth. Most of the Granger area, and particularly Tract , saw strong population growth between 2000 and However, six of the seven census tracts making up unincorporated Clay Township had population declines over the decade, and the Towns of Roseland (-2.3%) and Indian Village (-7.6%) both lost population. Most other suburban census tracts, 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 5

6 including northwest and south suburban South Bend, increased in population. Tract 111, south of the airport, and those along the Capital Avenue corridor at the east edge of Mishawaka saw population declines, though they may be partially explained by losses of housing units due to redevelopment activities. Outlying areas saw population gains. All primarily rural census tracts in St. Joseph County increased in population from 2000 to 2010; the increase ranged from 0.1% in Tract 122 (Lincoln Township/Walkerton area) to 25.9% in Tract 121 (Liberty Township/North Liberty area). Four of the five outlying towns had double-digit population growth. Lakeville s population increased 38.6%; North Liberty, 35.2%; Osceola, 32.5%; and New Carlisle, 23.6%. Walkerton experienced a 5.7% population loss over the decade Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 6

7 Map Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 7

8 Race and Hispanic Origin To gain an understanding of the racial make-up of St. Joseph County, this report gathered 2000 and 2010 population counts by race for the County as a whole, for the City of South Bend, for the City of Mishawaka, and for the areas of the County outside of the cities of South Bend and Mishawaka. Data on Hispanic or Latino origin 1 was also collected for these geographies (see tables later in this section). Census 2010 population data on race and Hispanic origin was gathered at the census tract level. The percentage of residents who are African American and the percentage of residents who are of Hispanic origin was calculated and mapped (see Maps 3 and 4). Findings St. Joseph County became more racially diverse. The percentage of County residents who identified themselves as White fell from 82.4% in 2000 to 78.7% in The White population also fell in absolute terms over the decade. Meanwhile, the number of residents who are African American, another race, or of two or more races all grew in absolute and percentage terms. The population of Hispanic origin grew at a rate greater than the population as a whole. Hispanic residents made up 7.3% of the County s population in 2010, up from 4.7% a decade earlier. Hispanic populations grew in each South Bend, Mishawaka, and in the balance of the County. However, African Americans still greatly outnumber Hispanic residents in South Bend, Mishawaka, and St. Joseph County as a whole (but not in the county outside of South Bend- Mishawaka). South Bend s population decline from 2000 to 2010 stemmed solely from a loss in its White population. From 2000 to 2010, the City of South Bend lost nearly 10,000 White residents. Modest increases in its populations of African American, other races, and multiracial residents limited the overall population loss to about 6,600. The White population of Mishawaka dropped slightly, while the White population in the balance of the County grew by 2,360 residents. St. Joseph County s African American population remained concentrated in South Bend. Of the 31 census tracts having a proportion of African American residents exceeding the County s overall proportion of 12.7%, 30 tracts are found in South Bend, 1 tract in Mishawaka, and none in the balance of the County. Thirty of the thirty-five census tracts entirely or nearly entirely within the South Bend city limits have a percentage of African American residents greater than the 1 Under Census standards, Hispanic is not a racial category; people who identify their origin as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. According to the Census, Hispanic or Latino refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race. Origin can be viewed as the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person s parents or ancestors before their arrival in the United States Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 8

9 countywide average. Six census tracts, primarily on South Bend s west and northwest sides, have an African American majority. The Hispanic population was also concentrated in South Bend, especially on the southwest side. Eight census tracts in St. Joseph County had Hispanic residents making up 20% or more of their populations in All eight tracts are found in a distinct block in the southwest quadrant of South Bend. Fiftyseven percent of the residents in the west side Census Tract 22 were Hispanic; this figure likely represents the first time a St. Joseph County census tract had a Hispanic majority Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 9

10 Race and Hispanic Origin by Jurisdiction St. Joseph County Population Percentage Population Percentage Total Population 265, , White alone 218, , Black or African American alone 30, , One other race alone 11, , Two or more races 5, , Hispanic or Latino (any race) 12, , South Bend Population Percentage Population Percentage Total Population 107, , White alone 71, , Black or African American alone 26, , One other race alone 7, , Two or more races 3, , Hispanic or Latino (any race) 9, , Mishawaka Population Percentage Population Percentage Total Population 46, , White alone 42, , Black or African American alone 1, , One other race alone 1, , Two or more races , Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1, , St. Joseph County outside of South Bend-Mishawaka 2000 Population 2000 Percentage 2010 Population 2010 Percentage Total Population 111, , White alone 104, , Black or African American alone 2, , One other race alone 2, , Two or more races 1, , Hispanic or Latino (any race) 2, , Census Sources 2000: Census 2000 Summary File 1, Tables P3 (Race) and P4 (Hispanic or Latino) 2010: 2010 Census Redistricting Data Summary File, Tables P1 (Race) and P2 (Hispanic or Latino) 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 10

11 Map Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 11

12 Map Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 12

13 Housing Unit Change, St. Joseph County saw a net gain of 7,836 housing units from 2000 to South Bend s housing supply was virtually unchanged over the decade; the city had 46,324 housing units in 2010, a loss of 25 units from ten years earlier. To gain an understanding of housing unit changes at the census tract level, this report gathered 2000 and 2010 housing unit counts. The change from 2000 to 2010 was then calculated in absolute and percentage terms; the percentage change in housing units for each census tract was mapped (see Map 5). Findings Most urban areas of St. Joseph County lost housing units. Twenty-seven of 35 census tracts entirely or nearly entirely within South Bend lost housing units, as did five of the eight census tracts primarily within Mishawaka. Urban St. Joseph County neighborhoods generally lost housing stock, sometimes significantly so. Six South Bend census tracts and two Mishawaka census tracts lost 10% or more of their housing units from 2000 to All were located in relatively inner-city locations. Most other tracts in established urban areas of South Bend and Mishawaka also experienced losses in numbers of housing units, though the rates tended to be modest in many cases. Tracts with significant development of multifamily units saw their housing unit totals grow. Suburban and rural areas increased their supply of housing stock. With the exception of Tracts and on Mishawaka s eastern fringe and Tract 111 on South Bend s western fringe, all suburban and predominantly rural census tracts in St. Joseph County saw an increase in the number of their housing units from 2000 to The growth in number of housing units far outdistanced the growth of population. As one would expect, population trends are similar to housing unit trends in the County; however, the magnitude of the change in each is different. While its population grew only 0.5%, St. Joseph County s supply of housing units grew 7.3% from 2000 to The population of South Bend fell by 6.1% in the decade, but the number of housing units declined just 0.1%. While some of the variation between the change in population and the change in housing units may be explained by the continuation of the long national trend toward smaller household sizes, 2 the relative abundance of housing compared to population raises concern about a local oversupply of housing (see following section on housing vacancy). 2 The ratio of St. Joseph County s total population to the total number of occupied housing units a proxy for average household size fell from 2.64 in 2000 to 2.59 in 2010; South Bend s ratio actually increased from 2.51 in 2000 to 2.54 in Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 13

14 Map Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 14

15 Housing Vacancy, 2010 Consistent with national economic and housing trends, the 2010 Census found a spike in housing vacancy. St. Joseph County had 11,780 vacant housing units (10.3% of its housing), including 6,564 units in South Bend (14.2%). A note of caution: one should not interpret the vacant housing total to equate directly to a count of abandoned housing. The Census counts a housing unit as vacant no matter the reason, including if that house is actively being offered for sale or rent. The 2000 Census broke down reasons for vacancy into the following categories: For rent, For sale only, Rented or sold, not occupied, For seasonal, recreational, or occasional use [could include housing units used for football weekends and other such part-time users], For migrant workers, and Other vacant. The Other vacant is believed to provide a good approximation of abandoned and longterm vacant housing Census data on reasons for housing vacancy have not yet been released. To gain an understanding of housing vacancy at the census tract level, this report gathered 2010 vacant housing and total housing unit counts. The 2010 housing vacancy percentage was then calculated and mapped (see Map 6). Findings High rates of housing vacancy were concentrated in South Bend. Census tracts on South Bend s near west, northwest, northeast, and south sides had housing vacancy rates in excess of the countywide average. South Bend s east side and outlying areas and most of Mishawaka had housing vacancy rates comparable or below the county average. With the exception of tracts with high concentrations of multifamily units (such as Tracts 112, , and ), housing vacancy rates were generally below 8% in suburban and rural areas. The housing vacancy rate for tracts in the greater Granger area were mostly at 4.4% or lower. In hard hit areas of South Bend, one-third of housing units were vacant. The highest vacancy rate of any St. Joseph County census tract was Tract 6 (near northwest side) at 37.1%. Nearby west side Tracts 4, 19, and 21 also had vacancy rates in excess of 30% in Six other South Bend census tracts had vacancy rates at or above 20% Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 15

16 Map Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 16

17 Income The 2010 Census did not gather income data. Income information, formerly gathered each decade as a sample using the Census long form, is now collected by the Census Bureau s American Community Survey (ACS). The ACS, also a sampling of households, is a continuously gathered survey that provides new data every year. The most recent income information at the census tract level is available through the ACS, collected over that five-year period and released in December St. Joseph County s median household income was $44,579 in , up from $40,420 in 1999 (as reported by the 2000 Census). South Bend s median household income of $34,891 in was up from $32,439 in 1999, but it fell as a percentage of the County s median household income from 80% in 1999 to 78% in Outpacing the County s growth rate, Mishawaka s median household income rose from $33,986 in 1999 to $39,998 in To gain an understanding of median household income at the census tract level, this report gathered 1999 and income information. Each tract s median household income was divided by the County s median household income to create an index value. Values over 1.00 mean that a tract had a median household income above that of the County as a whole, while values less than 1.00 mean that a tract had a median household income below that of the County as a whole. An index value of 0.50 indicates that a tract had a median household income half that of the County as a whole, and an index value of 2.00 indicates that a tract had a median income twice that of the County as a whole. The median household income index value for each tract was mapped (see Map 7). Then, the change in median household income index value from 1999 to was calculated and mapped (see Map 8). Negative values indicate that the median household income of that tract grew slower (or declined) than the median household income of the County, while positive values indicate that the median household income of that tract grew more quickly than that of the County as a whole. Poverty rates derived from the ACS are not mapped here, but data may be found in the appendix. In St. Joseph County as a whole, 13.7% of residents were estimated to be in poverty. In South Bend, 23.1% of residents lived in poverty in ; in Mishawaka, 11.3%. Findings The highest incomes were found in Granger and other outlying areas. Median household income index values for were at least 1.77 for all of the Granger area, including the countywide high of 2.32 in Tract All census tracts fully outside of the city limits of South Bend and Mishawaka had index values above Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 17

18 A few South Bend neighborhoods had relatively high incomes. With index values at 1.22 or higher, the median household incomes in Tract 8 (North Shore Triangle-Harter Heights), Tract 12 (Northeast/McKinley School area), Tract 16 (Sunnymede), and Tract 32 (Twyckenham Hills-Broadmoor) were higher than those found in St. Joseph County as a whole. However, nearly all urban census tracts had relatively low incomes. Thirtyone of the 35 census tracts entirely or nearly entirely within South Bend had a median household income below that of the County as a whole, as did 7 of the 8 census tracts primarily within Mishawaka. Lower incomes and high rates of poverty remain concentrated in South Bend. Among St. Joseph County s 69 census tracts, 16 had median household income index values below All 16 were located in South Bend. The six tracts with index values at 0.51 or below are found in central or west side South Bend. The tracts with the lowest median household incomes, Tracts 20 and 23, are influenced by significant concentrations of public and other lowincome housing. The 22 census tracts having a poverty rate of at least 20% in all were within South Bend. The highest poverty rates were found in Tract 20 (near west side; 56.4%), Tract 6 (near northwest side; 48.2%), Tract 19 (near west side; 47.9%), Tract 29 (near southeast side; 48.0%), and Tract 17 (Downtown-Monroe Park; 46.2%). Growth in median household income had no strong geographic correlation. The change in median household income index from 1999 to had a more complicated pattern. Median household income in census tracts in western St. Joseph County and in Harris Township grew faster than that of the County, but Tract (eastern Penn Township/Osceola area), Tract 123 (Lakeville area) and much of Clay Township lagged the County s income growth. South Bend tracts north and east of the St. Joseph River and on the west side of Mishawaka generally had median household income growth exceeding that of the County as a whole; Tract 16 (Sunnymede area) had one of the largest increases in index value in the County. Meanwhile, many of the tracts along the city limits of South Bend and Mishawaka had negative median household income index values or ones close to zero. South Bend s south side and west side census tracts tended to have slower income growth than that of the County as a whole, though five west side tracts (1, 4, 6, 22, and 26) saw income growth matching or exceeding that of the County Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 18

19 Map Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 19

20 Map Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 20

21 Appendix The appendix provides more detailed tables of Census data discussed in this report. Note: Beginning with the 2010 Census, Census Tracts 112, , , and 118 were each split into two census tracts, and Census Tract was split into three census tracts. Any comparison data presented here have been adjusted to account for these splits and reflect the census tract boundaries as defined by the 2000 Census. Other than the five tracts noted above, all other St. Joseph County census tract geographies remained unchanged Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 21

22 Population Census Tract Population Population Population Population Change % Change Census Tract 1 2,100 2, % Census Tract 2 3,819 3, % Census Tract ,757 2, % Census Tract ,628 2, % Census Tract 4 2,973 2, % Census Tract 5 2,119 1, % Census Tract 6 3,187 2,072-1, % Census Tract 7 2,012 1, % Census Tract 8 1,811 1, % Census Tract 9 1,577 1, % Census Tract 10 3,527 2, % Census Tract 11 4,723 4, % Census Tract 12 2,247 2, % Census Tract 13 2,518 2, % Census Tract 14 3,768 3, % Census Tract 15 3,453 3, % Census Tract 16 2,590 2, % Census Tract 17 1,919 1, % Census Tract 19 1,815 1, % Census Tract 20 1,859 1, % Census Tract 21 1,794 1, % Census Tract 22 3,416 3, % Census Tract 23 1,486 1, % Census Tract 24 3,044 2, % Census Tract 25 2,059 2, % Census Tract 26 3,038 3, % Census Tract 27 1,595 1, % Census Tract 28 1,803 2, % Census Tract 29 1,230 1, % Census Tract 30 2,385 1, % Census Tract 31 3,623 3, % Census Tract 32 5,224 4, % Census Tract 33 3,098 2, % Census Tract 34 3,838 3, % Census Tract 35 2,815 2, % Census Tract 101 3,081 2, % Census Tract 102 5,768 5, % Census Tract 103 5,607 5, % Census Tract 104 3,383 3, % Census Tract 105 2,900 2, % Census Tract 106 4,319 4, % 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 22

23 Population (continued) Census Tract Population Population Population Population Change % Change Census Tract 107 4,531 3, % Census Tract 108 3,853 4, % Census Tract 109 6,513 7,754 1, % Census Tract 110 5,499 6, % Census Tract 111 4,998 4, % Census Tract 112 9,365 8, % Census Tract ,879 5, % Census Tract ,726 6, % Census Tract ,404 6, % Census Tract ,672 2, % Census Tract ,634 4, % Census Tract ,004 2, % Census Tract ,980 12,810 2, % Census Tract ,363 8, % Census Tract ,820 3, % Census Tract ,371 9,558 1, % Census Tract ,011 1, % Census Tract ,207 7, % Census Tract ,427 7, % Census Tract ,274 4, % Census Tract ,594 7,854 1, % Census Tract 118 7,989 8, % Census Tract 119 3,633 3, % Census Tract 120 3,739 3, % Census Tract 121 3,043 3, % Census Tract 122 3,063 3, % Census Tract 123 3,297 3, % Census Tract 124 1,762 1, % St. Joseph County 265, ,931 1, % City of South Bend 107, ,168-6, % City of Mishawaka 46,557 48,252 1, % Census Sources 2000 Population: Census 2000 Summary File 1, Table P1 (Total Population) 2010 Population: 2010 Census Redistricting Data Summary File, Table P1 (Race) 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 23

24 Race: 2010 Census Tract White alone Black or African American alone One other race alone Two or more races Total Pop Pop % Pop % Pop % Pop % Census Tract 1 2,076 1, % % % % Census Tract 2 3,426 1, % 1, % % % Census Tract ,456 1, % % % % Census Tract ,716 1, % 1, % % % Census Tract 4 2, % 1, % % % Census Tract 5 1, % 1, % % % Census Tract 6 2, % % % % Census Tract 7 1,573 1, % % % % Census Tract 8 1,678 1, % % % % Census Tract 9 1, % % % % Census Tract 10 2,913 1, % 1, % % % Census Tract 11 4,569 3, % % % % Census Tract 12 2,182 1, % % % % Census Tract 13 2,464 1, % % % % Census Tract 14 3,348 2, % % % % Census Tract 15 3,037 2, % % % % Census Tract 16 2,323 2, % % % % Census Tract 17 1, % % % % Census Tract 19 1, % % % % Census Tract 20 1, % 1, % % % Census Tract 21 1, % % % % Census Tract 22 3,115 1, % % 1, % % Census Tract 23 1, % 1, % % % Census Tract 24 2,989 1, % % % % Census Tract 25 2, % % % % Census Tract 26 3,213 1, % % % % Census Tract 27 1, % % % % Census Tract 28 2, % % % % Census Tract 29 1, % % % % Census Tract 30 1, % % % % Census Tract 31 3,665 2, % % % % Census Tract 32 4,935 4, % % % % Census Tract 33 2,967 2, % % % % Census Tract 34 3,709 1, % 1, % % % Census Tract 35 2,811 2, % % % % Census Tract 101 2,935 2, % % % % Census Tract 102 5,274 4, % % % % Census Tract 103 5,746 5, % % % % Census Tract 104 3,287 3, % % % % Census Tract 105 2,927 2, % % % % Census Tract 106 4,138 3, % % % % Census Tract 107 3,720 3, % % % % 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 24

25 Race: 2010 (continued) Census Tract White alone Black or African American alone One other race alone Two or more races Total Pop Pop % Pop % Pop % Pop % Census Tract 108 4,660 4, % % % % Census Tract 109 7,754 7, % % % % Census Tract 110 6,434 5, % % % % Census Tract 111 4,611 3, % % % % Census Tract 112 8,857 7, % % % % Census Tract ,817 4, % % % % Census Tract ,522 5, % % % % Census Tract ,098 5, % % % % Census Tract ,427 2, % % % % Census Tract ,389 3, % % % % Census Tract ,879 2, % % % % Census Tract ,810 11, % % 1, % % Census Tract ,700 8, % % % % Census Tract ,925 2, % % % % Census Tract ,558 7, % % % % Census Tract ,866 1, % % % % Census Tract ,911 7, % % % % Census Tract ,340 6, % % % % Census Tract ,049 3, % % % % Census Tract ,854 6, % % % % Census Tract 118 8,003 7, % % % % Census Tract 119 3,917 3, % % % % Census Tract 120 3,976 3, % % % % Census Tract 121 3,830 3, % % % % Census Tract 122 3,065 2, % 9 0.3% % % Census Tract 123 3,668 3, % % % % Census Tract 124 1,909 1, % 2 0.1% % % St. Joseph County 266, , % 33, % 15, % 7, % City of South Bend 101,168 61, % 26, % 8, % 4, % City of Mishawaka 48,252 41, % 3, % 1, % 1, % Census Source 2010 Census Redistricting Data Summary File, Table P1 (Race) 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 25

26 Hispanic or Latino Population: 2010 Hispanic or Latino Population % Hispanic or Latino Total Census Tract Population Census Tract 1 2, % Census Tract 2 3, % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract 4 2, % Census Tract 5 1, % Census Tract 6 2, % Census Tract 7 1, % Census Tract 8 1, % Census Tract 9 1, % Census Tract 10 2, % Census Tract 11 4, % Census Tract 12 2, % Census Tract 13 2, % Census Tract 14 3, % Census Tract 15 3, % Census Tract 16 2, % Census Tract 17 1, % Census Tract 19 1, % Census Tract 20 1, % Census Tract 21 1, % Census Tract 22 3,115 1, % Census Tract 23 1, % Census Tract 24 2,989 1, % Census Tract 25 2, % Census Tract 26 3, % Census Tract 27 1, % Census Tract 28 2, % Census Tract 29 1, % Census Tract 30 1, % Census Tract 31 3, % Census Tract 32 4, % Census Tract 33 2, % Census Tract 34 3, % Census Tract 35 2, % Census Tract 101 2, % Census Tract 102 5, % Census Tract 103 5, % Census Tract 104 3, % Census Tract 105 2, % 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 26

27 Hispanic or Latino Population: 2010 (continued) Hispanic or Latino Population % Hispanic or Latino Total Census Tract Population Census Tract 106 4, % Census Tract 107 3, % Census Tract 108 4, % Census Tract 109 7, % Census Tract 110 6, % Census Tract 111 4, % Census Tract 112 8, % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract 118 8, % Census Tract 119 3, % Census Tract 120 3, % Census Tract 121 3, % Census Tract 122 3, % Census Tract 123 3, % Census Tract 124 1, % St. Joseph County 266,931 19, % City of South Bend 101,168 13, % City of Mishawaka 48,252 2, % Census Source 2010 Census Redistricting Data Summary File, Table P2 (Hispanic or Latino) 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 27

28 Housing Census Tract 2000 Housing Units 2010 Housing Units Housing Unit Change Housing Unit % Change 2010 Vacant Housing Units 2010 Vacant Housing % Census Tract % % Census Tract 2 1,513 1, % % Census Tract ,232 1, % % Census Tract ,349 1, % % Census Tract 4 1,171 1, % % Census Tract % % Census Tract 6 1,296 1, % % Census Tract % % Census Tract % % Census Tract % % Census Tract 10 1,433 1, % % Census Tract 11 1,962 1, % % Census Tract % % Census Tract 13 1,442 1, % % Census Tract 14 1,692 1, % % Census Tract 15 1,531 1, % % Census Tract % % Census Tract % % Census Tract % % Census Tract % % Census Tract % % Census Tract 22 1,172 1, % % Census Tract % % Census Tract 24 1,135 1, % % Census Tract % % Census Tract 26 1,232 1, % % Census Tract % % Census Tract % % Census Tract % % Census Tract % % Census Tract 31 1,595 1, % % Census Tract 32 2,045 2, % % Census Tract 33 1,249 1, % % Census Tract 34 1,541 1, % % Census Tract 35 1,340 1, % % Census Tract 101 1,292 1, % % Census Tract 102 2,825 2, % % Census Tract 103 2,318 2, % % Census Tract 104 1,483 1, % % Census Tract 105 1,260 1, % % Census Tract 106 1,903 1, % % Census Tract 107 1,918 1, % % Census Tract 108 1,456 1, % % 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 28

29 Housing (continued) Census Tract 2000 Housing Units 2010 Housing Units Housing Unit Change Housing Unit % Change 2010 Vacant Housing Units 2010 Vacant Housing % Census Tract 109 2,580 3, % % Census Tract 110 2,365 2, % % Census Tract 111 2,217 2, % % Census Tract % % Census Tract ,671 3, % % Census Tract ,763 3, % % Census Tract ,621 2, % % Census Tract % % Census Tract ,619 1, % % Census Tract ,167 1, % % Census Tract ,349 4,379 1, % % Census Tract ,696 2, % % Census Tract ,197 2, % % Census Tract ,221 5,246 1, % % Census Tract % % Census Tract ,530 2, % % Census Tract ,521 2, % % Census Tract ,553 1, % % Census Tract ,027 4,520 1, % % Census Tract 118 3,370 3, % % Census Tract 119 1,466 1, % % Census Tract 120 1,434 1, % % Census Tract 121 1,216 1, % % Census Tract 122 1,150 1, % % Census Tract 123 1,305 1, % % Census Tract % % St. Joseph County 107, ,849 7, % 11, % City of South Bend 46,349 46, % 6, % City of Mishawaka 21,572 24,088 2, % 2, % Census Sources 2000 Housing Units: Census 2000 Summary File 1, Table H1 (Housing Units) 2010 Housing Units & 2010 Vacant Housing Units: 2010 Census Redistricting Data Summary File, Table H1 (Occupancy Status) 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 29

30 Income Median Household Income, Median HH Income Index (to County) Median Household Income, [ACS] Median HH Income Index (to County) Change in Median HH Income Index Census Tract Census Tract 1 $26, $31, Census Tract 2 $33, $35, Census Tract 3.01 $42, $41, Census Tract 3.02 $35, $33, Census Tract 4 $27, $29, Census Tract 5 $32, $28, Census Tract 6 $24, $27, Census Tract 7 $29, $26, Census Tract 8 $54, $65, Census Tract 9 $29, $34, Census Tract 10 $25, $28, Census Tract 11 $39, $40, Census Tract 12 $48, $56, Census Tract 13 $29, $33, Census Tract 14 $32, $33, Census Tract 15 $30, $37, Census Tract 16 $47, $61, Census Tract 17 $14, $16, Census Tract 19 $22, $22, Census Tract 20 $13, $11, Census Tract 21 $21, $21, Census Tract 22 $28, $38, Census Tract 23 $20, $13, Census Tract 24 $28, $31, Census Tract 25 $35, $34, Census Tract 26 $33, $37, Census Tract 27 $28, $22, Census Tract 28 $24, $26, Census Tract 29 $30, $30, Census Tract 30 $31, $26, Census Tract 31 $30, $26, Census Tract 32 $54, $54, Census Tract 33 $40, $43, Census Tract 34 $31, $34, Census Tract 35 $27, $28, Census Tract 101 $35, $42, Census Tract 102 $26, $32, Census Tract 103 $40, $42, Census Tract 104 $36, $40, Census Tract 105 $40, $55, Census Tract 106 $31, $40, Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 30

31 Income (continued) Median Household Income, Median HH Income Index (to County) Median Household Income, [ACS] Median HH Income Index (to County) Change in Median HH Income Index Census Tract Census Tract 107 $35, $34, Census Tract 108 $44, $50, Census Tract 109 $50, $64, Census Tract 110 $52, $55, Census Tract 111 $35, $39, Census Tract 112 $35, $43, Census Tract $36, $37, Census Tract $50, $52, Census Tract $43, $49, Census Tract $95, $90, Census Tract $76, $83, Census Tract $76, $78, Census Tract $84, $103, Census Tract $72, $84, Census Tract $26, $31, Census Tract $37, $41, Census Tract $42, $48, Census Tract $55, $67, Census Tract $47, $49, Census Tract $49, $55, Census Tract $40, $38, Census Tract 118 $48, $51, Census Tract 119 $52, $59, Census Tract 120 $52, $66, Census Tract 121 $45, $58, Census Tract 122 $40, $51, Census Tract 123 $48, $51, Census Tract 124 $49, $58, St. Joseph County $40, $44, City of South Bend $32, $34, City of Mishawaka $33, $39, Census Sources 1999 Median Household Income: Census 2000 Summary File 3, Table P53 (Median Household Income in 1999) Median Household Income: American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013 (Median Household Income in the Past 12 Months (in 2009 inflation-adjusted dollars)) Note: Due to rounding of index values, Change in Median HH Income Index values may appear to be off by 0.01 in some tracts 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 31

32 Income: Poverty Census Tract Population in Poverty Total Population for Poverty Figures Poverty Rate Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract 10 1,400 3, % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract 31 1,399 3, % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract 34 1,276 3, % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 32

33 Income: Poverty (continued) Census Tract Population in Poverty Total Population for Poverty Figures Poverty Rate Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract ,036 9, % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % Census Tract , % St. Joseph County 34, , % City of South Bend 23, , % City of Mishawaka 5,449 48, % Census Source: American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B17001 (Poverty Status in the Past 12 Months by Sex by Age) 2010 Census South Bend-St. Joseph County 33

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