1 TROUBLES The A CHRONOLOGY OF THE NORTHERN IRELAND CONFLICT SEPTEMBER - OCTOBER 1973
2 It can often be a contentious issue of debate of when and how Northern Ireland s Troubles began, who and what is to blame, and even which event in case led us to where we are now. You can go back 30 years, or even 300 years and beyond for in reality Ireland has been engaged in conflict with England for centuries. Therefore, in order to compile a chronological record of the modern Troubles - the term usually given to the most recent conflict, we must mark a defining point of start, which we have taken as partition itself and from which we began in. In turn again, we feel it is equally important to give you the reader some understanding why events spiralled as they did into a bloody civil war. This is not another view of the Troubles, this has been done and redone. This is the historical recording of events compiled by people from different parts of Belfast who lived through them. Our objective as local historians is to compile what we hope will be as near as possible a definitive reference to events as they unfolded through the last three decades. In terms of research we have used as much material as possible and from diverse perspectives. We are confident that we have covered events as they were reported at the time. If however you feel that we have either left something out or indeed got something wrong we are more than happy to hear from you. As mentioned above this series of publications is the historical recording of the Troubles and all corrections are more than welcome. GLENRAVEL ASHTON CENTRE CHURCHILL STREET BELFAST BT15 2BP Tel: (028) Fax: (028) This is designed to create a better historical understanding of what has become known as The Troubles. Therefore for educational purposes you are more than welcome to use any material from them. All that we ask is that the source is acknowledged and a copy of the material sent to us after publication. We use material that has been placed in the public domain. We try to acknowledge all the copyright holders but sometimes this is not possible. If you claim credit for something that has appeared in this publication then we will be happy to know about it so that we can make the appropriate acknowledgements. For back issues of the single Troubles Magazine visit the Glenravel stall every Friday morning at St George's Market. You may also obtain them at our website at where sold out issues can also be downloaded. SOURCE MATERIAL BELFAST NEWSLETTER Various issues for period covered BELFAST TELEGRAPH Various issues for period covered IRISH NEWS Various issues for period covered
3 SEPTEMBER 1973 Saturday 1st September 1973 West Belfast Shooting Patrick Mulvenna aged 22 was shot dead by the British Army during a shoot out at the Ballymurphy Bull Ring. Two other men also shot were taken to hospital. Saturday 1st September 1973 Weapons Finds A large number of weapons were seized in house searches across N. Ireland. In Dungannon a RPG 7 Rocket Launcher and warhead was found. Saturday 1st September 1973 Prison Escape Two Republican prisoners attempted to escape from Mountjoy Prison. Saturday 1st September 1973 Arms Find A lorry driver from Alliance Parade was charged with possession of guns and ammunition at his home. Monday 3rd September 1973 Bomb making equipment found Explosives and bomb making equipment were found by the British Army in an unoccupied house in the Creggan Estate, Derry. Monday 3rd September 1973 RUC Reservists shot Two RUC reservists were shot while on a fishing trip in Co Mayo. The fishing party of ten were ambushed on the road between Westport and Castlebar. Both reservists were moved to the Erne Hospital, Enniskillen under heavy guard. at Glenside Park, Crumlin Road, and another at Springhill Gardens where an 18-year-old girl received burns on her leg but was not seriously hurt. Monday 3rd September 1973 Antrim Road Shooting A 16-year-old Catholic girl was shot in the leg in the Antrim Road area Monday 3rd September 1973 Protestant Youth shot A 17-year-old Protestant youth was found with gunshot wounds at Ravenhill Street in East Belfast. Monday 3rd September 1973 Ballymoney car chase In Ballymoney an RUC and British Army checkpoint gave chase to a car, which had fired at them. The gunmen s car crashed but no one was arrested at the scene. Monday 3rd September 1973 Shots fired in Tyrone Shots were fired into a Protestant home at Ballyord, near the Tyrone village of Trillick. No one was hurt. Monday 3rd September 1973 Bar targeted for the third time A 120lb car bomb was defused by the British Army. It had been planted outside Johnston s Bar in Glenavy. It was the third time the bar had been targeted but no damage occurred. Monday 3rd September 1973 Foot Patrol attack Four members of an Army foot patrol were slightly hurt by a blast bomb at the junction of Bingian Drive and the North Link. Monday 3rd September 1973 Petrol Bomb attacks A petrol bomb was thrown at a Roman Catholic house RIGHT - IRA bomb attack on an army recruitment centre on York Street
4 Monday 3rd September 1973 Lurgan Bomb In Lurgan a bomb was placed in a plastic bag in Wellington Street, already damaged by a bomb last week, was defused by the British Army. Monday 3rd September 1973 Two men shot Two men suffered gunshot wounds. One was injured in Bangor and the other in Dunmurry. The circumstances of these incidents are not known. Monday 3rd September 1973 Rubber bullets used In Derry the Army fired rubber bullets during an incident involving around 50 youths in Westland Street in the Bogside. The British Army detained two youths. Monday 3rd September 1973 Anti-internment rally Mid Ulster MP Bernadette McAlliskey addressing an anti-internment rally warned that protestors would stay on the streets in the North until the last man and woman prisoner had been released. Over 200 people attended the rally in Armagh. Another woman speaker congratulated the women of Armagh on nightly blocking the roads of city since the detention of local mother of two Mrs Brenda Cassin, 18 days earlier. At the same rally in Armagh there was a surprise outburst from man representing the Political Hostages Release Committee (PHRC) who read a statement from prisoners stating that the Official Republicans and NICRA did not speak for them as they had withdrawn support from the PHRC. Monday 3rd September 1973 Arms found Two men appeared in Belfast Magistrates court charged with possession of arms and ammunition at a house at Rock Grove, Belfast. Another man appeared in court charged with arms and ammunition found in Russell Street, Belfast. Monday 3rd September 1973 Committee proposal The Society of St Vincent de Paul in the diocese of Down & Conor suggested that a committee should be set up to investigate the social needs and problems created by the situation in the North Monday 3rd September 1973 Tanaiste statement Mr Brendan Corish, Tanaiste, said that the top priority of the government was peace and this overawed all other considerations. Tuesday 4th September 1973 Prisoner escapes form hospital An extensive search of the Falls and Grosvenor Road area of Belfast took place when a man, dressed only in his pyjamas, escaped from the Royal Victoria Hospital while under guard. Tuesday 4th September 1973 IRA funeral A volley of shots was fired over the coffin of two IRA staff officers at a funeral in Ballymurphy. The shots, fired in the Whiterock area were followed by a procession of around 2000 people along the Falls to Milltown cemetery. LEFT - A peace vifil outside Belfast City Hall FACING PAGE - The scene of a landmine explosion which killed 21 year old farm worker Patrick Duffy as he was driving his fathers tractor on the Belcoo- Garrison Road
5 Tuesday 4th September 1973 Bomb found in Birmingham A plastic box found by two boys in Birmingham, England turned out to be a 4lb bomb. It was the second bomb found in the city in two days. The bomb was found doorway close to the city centre. Tuesday 4th September 1973 Derry blast bomb In Derry a blast bomb exploded under an Army Land Rover, which was patrolling the Lanemoor Road area. There were no casualties and only slight damage was caused. Tuesday 4th September 1973 Shots fired in Craigavon In Craigavon ten high velocity shots were fired at a UDR Land Rover near the Goodyear Factory. Tuesday 4th September 1973 Weapons found Weapons were found during searches of a vacant house at Inverary Avenue and at Waterville Street, Belfast Tuesday 4th September 1973 Gelignite destroyed The British Army blew up 10lb of gelignite found in a field in Monkstown on the spot. Wednesday 5th September 1973 RUC retirement denial Secretary of State Mr Whitelaw denied reports that 500 RUC officers were to be offered premature retirement in an attempt to make it more acceptable to the Nationalist Community. He assured the Police Authority that the Government were intending to build up and strengthen the RUC. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Belfast Courtroom drama A 15-year-old youth was disarmed outside a Belfast courtroom after a gun was passed to him during his hearing at the Juvenile Court where he was charged with attempting to murder a soldier and escape from a court on July 10. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Castlebar ambush Two men were in Castlebar court on charges connected with the ambush in Co Mayo in which two RUC
6 reservists were shot. Colin Turner aged 32 of Lisnaskea and Andrew Fulton aged 30 of Enniskillen were shot in the legs when their car was sprayed with bullets 3 miles from Castlebar. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Documents discovery A Belfast window cleaner was remanded in custody for a week charged with collecting information about the police. Documents were found in a house at Whiteclffe Crescent during an Army search. Wednesday 5th September year-old man granted bail A 70-year-old man was granted bail after he was charged with possession of firearms found at Donegall Avenue. Wednesday 5th September 1973 IRA statement The official IRA rejected speculation that their ceasefire, in force since May 1972, had ended. They stated that they had no intention to either support the Provisional campaign, or begin a campaign. While reaffirming the ceasefire they did not rule out the possibility of military action which may be deemed necessary in pursuit of either short term objectives or of the long term goal of a democratic socialist republic. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Farmer discharged A 59-year-old South Armagh farmer and his two sons had all arms charges withdrawn at Newtownhamilton Magistrates Court. All three men were discharged. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Lyric Theatre bomb Three men appeared at Belfast Magistrates Court charged with causing an explosion outside the Lyric Theatre in Ridgeway Street. The 200lb car bomb exploded near the theatre but there were no casualties. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Policeman receives damages A Dunmurry policeman who jumped over the top of a railway bridge to escape from gunmen was awarded 2000 damages at Antrim County Court.
7 At the same court Una Savage, aged four, was awarded 1000 in damages for injuries she sustained when she was hit by gunfire outside her home in Stewartstown Avenue. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Petrol Bomb attack A petrol bomb was thrown into an entry at the rear of Orient Gardens off the Cliftonville Road. There were no reports of damage or injuries. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Pensioners house taken over Two masked men took over a pensioner s house in Rockdale Street off the Falls Road and opened fire on soldiers. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Bread depot targeted A small bomb caused damage to the Inglis bread depot on Saul Road, Downpatrick. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Derry shoot out A man opened fire on an Army patrol in the Greenwalk area of the Creggan. Around 100 children playing in the area all lay on the ground while the Army returned fire. No one was injured. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Belfast protest 60 people protested for three hours outside the British Army post in the old Woodburn Hotel after four youths were detained. FACING PAGE & BELOW - Fire fighters tackel a blaze at a York Street office complex following and IRA bomb attack. Wednesday 5th September 1973 Family escape injury A woman and three young children had a narrow escape when 4 shots were fired at their house in Killavey Avenue, Lisburn. Thursday 6th September 1973 RUC reserve shot A RUC reserve constable was shot and seriously injured at Orient Gardens, Cliftonville Road. A youth was seen running away after the shooting. Local people said they heard around seven shots. Thursday 6th September 1973 York Street explosions A large modern office block in York Street was destroyed in a spectacular explosion. A bomb had been planted in the premises of Bottled Gas & Equipment Ltd and as each gas cylinder exploded there was a loud bang, and debris was hurled across the road. Thursday 6th September 1973 UFF statement A statement purporting to come from the UFF said that the militant organisation would declare a unilateral ceasefire on Saturday. Thursday 6th September 1973 UFF claim bomb attack A 30lb bomb exploded at a plumbers-engineering works on the corner of Springfield Road and Mountcashel Street. A phone call to a morning newspaper claimed the UFF accepted responsibility. Thursday 6th September 1973 Manor Street shooting Police were shot at on Manor Street when they responded to a 999 call. No one was injured. Thursday 6th September 1973 Arms find Arms, ammunition and explosives were found in wooded ground off the Hannahstown Road. Two rifles, a starting pistol, 2000 rounds of ammunition, 55 cartridges, 12 magazines, a shotgun butt, two grenades, 200 yards of wire cordite fuse and a telescopic sight were found.
8 Thursday 6th September 1973 Incendiary devices defused In Newcastle an incendiary found on the counter of Wadsworth s shop in Main Street was taken away and defused. In Banbridge an incendiary device, which had been pushed through the letterbox of a house adjoining a pub in Newry Street, was taken away and defused. Thursday 6th September 1973 Rubber bullets fired Troops fired a rubber bullet at stone throwers at Central Drive-Linsfort Drive in the Creggan, Derry. Thursday 6th September 1973 Youths stone mobile patrol In Strabane a gang of 100 youths threw stones and bottles at a mobile patrol in Townsend Street. A bakers van was later hi-jacked and set on fire. Thursday 6th September 1973 Mother of five gets bail A 29-year-old mother of five was granted bail on firearms charges. It was said she was under duress to keep firearms brought to her home by two men late at night. Thursday 6th September 1973 Bin Men walk out Bin men are disrupting bin collections in the Andersonstown area because of an unofficial strike over what they claim to be continued Army harassment. The men claim that the Royal Fusiliers constantly stop them and ask for identification. One man was lifted and taken to Castlereagh police station but was later released. Thursday 6th September 1973 Witness for peace The Witness for Peace Movement announced a 24-hour vigil to be held a t Belfast City Hall. Thursday 6th September 1973 Carndonagh man inquest An Antrim inquest jury returned an open verdict on 16- year-old Henry Cunningham of Carndonagh Co Donegal. Mr Cunningham died when gunmen ambushed the van in which he was travelling as it travelled along the M2 near Templepatrick. Friday 7th September 1973 Derry workforce Army protest Production at the Essex International Factory in Derry came to a halt as 330 men, the entire workforce, walked out in protest at the Army presence in the factory. The men claimed that their lives were in danger because of the continued presence of the Army. Friday 7th September 1973 UDR member shot dead A member of the UDR was shot dead in an ambush in Belcoo. The father of four was a milk lorry driver and was making a delivery at an isolated farm when he was ambushed. He was the 39th member of the UDR to be killed. Friday 7th September 1973 IRA man critical An IRA member remained critical in hospital under heavy guard. A bullet removed from his shoulder was a 7.62mm round, used by the self-loading Army rifles but another bullet remains lodged in his head. Friday 7th September 1973 UFF denial The UFF denied the recent statement that the organisation planned a unilateral ceasefire. It said no such decision had been made. Friday 7th September 1973 Dance Halls disappear 70 per cent of dance halls in N. Ireland have closed their doors since The Gala ballroom was recently destroyed and the only major entertainment centre left in the city of Belfast is the Celebrity Club in Donegall Place, which continues to hold a disco four times a week. Friday 7th September 1973 Bomb attacks A 5lb bomb damaged a classroom at St Columbanus School, Ballymaconnell Road. A 5lb bomb also exploded at the Portadown home of a RUC member demolishing part of the front garden wall and smashing several windows. Friday 7th September 1973 Derry gunfire In Derry shots were fired at an observation post on the city walls. The Army returned fire but the woman escaped. The follow up search operation fired rubber bullets at a hostile crowd of 60.
9 Friday 7th September 1973 Army under fire In South Armagh an Army mobile patrol came under fire as it made its way through Derrybeg Estate. Single shots and machine gun fire were reported and a Land Rover was hit. Friday 7th September 1973 Ormeau Road bomb defused A 15 lb bomb made up of homemade explosives was defused by the Army when it was found down a manhole in Lavinia Street off the Ormeau Road. Friday 7th September 1973 UDA man in court A former UDA lieutenant was in court charged with another man of unlawfully detaining men and obtaining by threats money. In court he denied that it was the practice of the organisation to impose fines on people it felt had done something wrong. Friday 7th September 1973 Belcoo land mine attack A 21-year-old man was killed when he drove over a land mine at Belcoo. Saturday 8th September 1973 Civil Rights march More than 1000 people marched from Coalisland to Dungannon as the Civil Rights Association took the route of the first Civil Rights march of Saturday 8th September 1973 Clerk charged with causing an explosion A 19-year-old clerk typist was in court charged with causing an explosion at the Goodyear Tyre Co of Great Georges Street. At the same court a 39-year-old labourer was charged with possession of arms and ammunition in Unity Walk, Belfast. Saturday 8th September 1973 Car Bomb near Antrim A car bomb caused structural damage to the Dunsilly Arms Bar in Antrim. It was thought to have been carried out by the UFF. Saturday 8th September 1973 Shot fired at RUC Two shots were fired from a Rover car at the RUC in Perry Street. Saturday 8th September 1973 Incident at Creggan Estate The army fired rubber bullets at youths during stoning incidents in the Creggan, Derry. Saturday 8th September 1973 North Belfast stone throwing A group of youths were dispersed by the RUC after they continued to throw stones at each other at the junction of Duncairn Gardens and Hallidays Road. Saturday 8th September 1973 Irish Anti Internment League Four leaders of the Irish Anti Internment League appeared at the Old Bailey on charges, which followed a Bloody Sunday protest in London. Saturday 8th September 1973 Youths in court on guns charges Two youths were charged with possession of guns in separate incidents in Belfast. Monday 10th September 1973 One man killed in London bombs One man was killed and more than a dozen killed when bombs exploded at Euston and Kings Cross Stations, London. The man was killed at Euston station. Monday 10th September 1973 Guilty plea A man pleaded guilty at Winchester of conspiring to cause bomb explosions at the Old Bailey and at Scotland Yard, London. Monday 10th September 1973 Man dresses as priest A 26-year-old man escaped from the Maze prison dressed as a priest. The man was being visited by his brother, a priest, who was later discovered by Prison Officers, had been tied up and left in one of the compounds. Monday 10th September 1973 Limavady peace service A service for peace was held at Bellarena near Limavady. Over 500 people attended the open- air service. Monday 10th September 1973 Man wounded at checkpoint A man was seriously wounded during a struggle with the army near Keady. The man had been stopped at a
10 checkpoint but refused to allow a search of his vehicle and during a struggle 5 shots were fired. The army later found arms, ammunition and explosives in the car. Monday 10th September 1973 Boys home bomb A 300lb bomb was defused at the De La Salle boys home at Rubane, Kircubbin. Monday 10th September 1973 Castlewellan home under fire In Castlewellan two shots were fired at the home of a UDR man in Upper Square. No one was injured. Monday 10th September 1973 Lisnaskea sealed off Part of the Fermanagh village of Lisnaskea was cordoned off all day while an Army bomb disposal team dealt with a bomb at the new sewage disposal plant. Monday 10th September 1973 CS Gas used in Derry Troops fired rubber bullets and used CS gas to break up gangs of youths throwing stones in the Creggan Estate. Monday 10th September 1973 Protest against army harassment Several hundred people took part in a peaceful march from the Carnhill Estate to Shantallow, Derry, to protest against Army harassment. Monday 10th September 1973 Shops damaged in Derry bomb A bomb damaged a photographic studio, bakery and pharmacy on the Carlisle Road, Derry. Monday 10th September 1973 Suspect car destroyed A suspect car found abandoned on Racecourse Road, Derry was burned out following a controlled explosion by the Army. Monday 10th September 1973 Whiterock arms Troops searching Kellys Bar on the Whiterock Road found an armalite rifle, a loaded magazine and 28 rounds of ammunition. Monday 10th September 1973 Shots heard in North Belfast Shots were fired at Benview Park in the Ballysillan area. Monday 10th September 1973 Arms found in car Police seized a pistol and ammunition after they stopped a car on the Upper Newtownards Road. Monday 10th September 1973 Children escape injury Five shots were fired into a house in the Rushpark Estate. Three children in the house had a narrow escape. Monday 10th September 1973 Petrol Bombs in Glengormley Four petrol bombs were thrown under a biscuit company s van parked in the Glenwell Estate, Glengormley. Tuesday 11th September 1973 Bombs defused in two towns Army experts defused two bombs in Lisburn and Dungannon. A suspicious car was spotted in Church FACING PAGE - Bomb attack on the Dunsilly Arms near Antrim
11 Street, Lisburn and a 50lb bomb was found nearby. It was made safe. The 20lb bomb in Dungannon was planted at the Ulsterbus depot at Ballygawley Park. The detonator exploded and the bomb was made safe. Only morning buses were affected. Tuesday 11th September 1973 UFF are mad, says army An army statement has described the Ulster Freedom Fighters as "mad" and says the terrorist group is "tearing the soul out of the country they profess to love". Security chiefs are taking the UFF s threat that they would resume attacks on Catholic churches and pubs seriously. There was a bomb attack on the Church of Christ the King at Holywood Road. Tuesday 11th September 1973 Alert as gelignite found at Stranraer Larne-Stranraer ferries and train services were disrupted after more than 20 sticks of gelignite were found in a toilet at Stranraer Railway Station. Scottish police thought it was likely that the explosives were on their way to N. Ireland. Earlier three petrol bombs were thrown at a Catholic Church hall in Lanarkshire close to the Carfin Grotto, a famous shrine. Tuesday 11th September 1973 Suffolk peace line wanted Protestant families in the Suffolk Estate want a permanent peaceline built in their area to stop possible attacks from Lenadoon. 150 Protestants from the area marched to Stormont where a 10-man delegation, including Loyalist members, met with Government officials. The delegation also wanted troops back into the Upper Lenadoon Estate and houses on the Protestant side of the peaceline to be kept for Protestant families. Tuesday 11th September 1973 Armalite rifle charge A 20-year-old labourer of Stanfield Street appeared in a Belfast court charged with possessing an armalite rifle and 15 rounds of ammunition in the city. At the same court two men were charged with possessing two sub machineguns and a quantity of ammunition seized by troops in a raid on one of their homes.
12 Tuesday 11th September 1973 Security angers residents Business people and residents in the Carlisle Road area of Derry where three bombs exploded on Saturday night, causing extensive damage have asked for a meeting with the Secretary of State Mr Whitelaw to discuss what they claim is a lack of security in the area. Tuesday 11th September 1973 Notebook claim to bombs A handwriting expert found the locations of two London car bomb explosions on the blank pages of a notebook found in the possession of one of the ten Irish people accused of causing explosions in London in March. Tuesday 11th September 1973 Children s bus stoned A citybus carrying children on their way home from Everton School was stoned as it passed the Ardoyne. Although stones shattered two windows in the vehicle, none of the children was hurt. Tuesday 11th September 1973 Markets hostilities Two policemen were slightly injured after a hostile crowd in the Markets area attacked them. The trouble started after police arrested a man. Their vehicle was attacked at Joy Street. Both RUC men sustained facial injuries and one was kicked in both legs before the crowds dispersed. Tuesday 11th September 1973 Riot youth fined An army witness stated that he observed a 17-year-old labourer throwing stones and bottles and handing out missiles for others to throw when trouble broke out following an anti internment march in Armagh. The youth was fined 30 and given a six months suspended sentence when convicted of riotous behaviour at Ogle Street. Tuesday 11th September 1973 Creggan attacks Army foot patrols were attacked on five separate occasions in the Creggan Estate. In one a soldier received minor injuries but was able to return to duty after treatment. Rubber bullets and CS gas were used to break up crowds. The most serious incidents occurred after a youth was arrested for allegedly assaulting a soldier. A large crowd gathered and troops were stoned and two petrol bombs were thrown but there were no casualties. The detained youth was later released from custody, pending a summons.
13 Wednesday 12th September 1973 Belfast woman died after hoax A bomb scare at London s Euston station brought tragedy to a Belfast family. In the rush to escape the building Mrs Sarah Stoupes aged 52 of Hillman Street collapsed into her husband s arms and died. An hour later she and her husband James would have been on the train to Stranraer to return to Belfast. Wednesday 12th September 1973 London explosion kills six Sis people were injured today by a bomb, which blasted a building in London s Oxford Street. Staff from a Prudential Insurance office telephoned to report a suspect parcel but he bomb exploded before the police arrived. The bomb was in a carrier bag near a lift and structural damage was caused. Wednesday 12th September 1973 Gunman fires on police A gunman fired 18 shots at policemen on duty at the junction of Edlingham Street and Duncairn Gardens. The shotting came form the direction of an entry in Hillman Street. No one was hurt and fire was not returned. FACING PAGE - IRA bomb attack at London s Victoria Station Wednesday 12th September 1973 Troops and RUC come under attack Troops and police came under fire around Derry. In the Creggan Estate, Derry rioting broke out during an Army search and soldiers used rubber bullets and CS gas. Shots were fired at soldiers from the top floor of the technical college on Strand Road Derry and a shot fired from St Mary s school struck the helmet of a soldier, but he was not injured. No fire was returned and as troops were checking the classrooms in the school five shots was fired at them for the direction of Iniscarn Road. This time troops returned fire, but no hit is claimed. In the follow up operation into Iniscarn Road two men were arrested during rioting. As the troops withdrew a crowd of 30 stoned them and rubber bullets and CS gas were used. Later four shots were fired at the army vehicle checkpoint on the quay from the direction of the top floor of the technical college and fire was returned. A woman arrested by the army in the Bogside was today still in custody and after her arrest troops were stoned by youths and rubber bullets were used to disperse them. Two shots were fired from Creggan Heights at a patrol. Later three shots were fired form a garage at Lone Moore Road at soldiers at a vehicle checkpoint at Letterkenny Road. Wednesday 12th September 1973 Coalisland bomb A 50lb bomb was discovered outside the police station in Coalisland after the building had come under two attacks from gunmen. The station was immediately evacuated and the surrounding area sealed off. Army bomb experts later made the device safe. In the gunfire attacks on the station fire was returned on one occasion. There were no reports of injuries. Wednesday 12th September 1973 Two accused in guns case Two men were charged with having at Thomas Street a SLR rifle, a.32 pistol, two.45 revolvers, an air pistol and five SLR magazines, six.45 rounds of ammunition. Thursday 13th September 1973 UDA gun training An 18 year old Derry youth accused of murdering Co Donegal engaged couple, today told the Criminal court in Dublin of his UDA activities and admitted that he had been trained to use a number of weapons, including a Thompson sub machine gun. He admitted his rank was that of a volunteer and that the UDA was organised in companies. Thursday 13th September 1973 Appeal upheld A Belfastmans appeal against sentence of six months imprisonment was upheld at the Recorders court. The man appealed against a sentence imposed for riotous behaviour in Springfield Road. He had been convicted after videotape had been used in evidence. Thursday 13th September 1973 Blasts case Three Lisburn men were remanded in custody when they appeared at a special court in the town on charges under the Explosive Substances Act They were charged with conspiracy to cause and explosion and with causing explosions at Grand Street, Chapel Hill and Smithfield Square.
14 Thursday 13th September 1973 Troops under fire Troops were stoned when they attempted to remove barrels place across the Shantalow area in Derry. Rubber bullets were fired in the Creggan Estate by a patrol, which was attacked by a gang of stone-throwers, and in the Brandywell an explosion heard was traced to a derelict hall where a blast bomb had gone off. In the Bogside troops burned down a derelict house where an old weapon had been found and during the operation gunmen fired them on. Thursday 13th September 1973 Unity arms find Soldiers found a.22-loaded rifle and a loaded pistol and 100 rounds of low velocity ammunition in a search of a house at Unity Walk. Friday 14th September 1973 Irish Council SDLP plans The SDLP is expected to present its plans for a Council of Ireland to Mr Heath and Mr Cosgrove before the two premiers meet. The council would be modelled on the structure of the EEC, which would have executive powers on social and economic issues. The SDLP is likely to recommend that in some fields the council should take over the powers of the Dublin Government and Ulster Assembly. It would control such matters as tourism, electricity, regional planning and development. Friday 14th September 1973 Fermanagh village bombed A civilian raised the alarm after he spotted a bomb in a box outside the post office in Belleek. The area was quickly evacuated and no one was injured when it exploded 25 minutes later extensively damaging the building. A car bomb was also left outside the Hotel Carlton and most of the village was evacuated before this bomb went off. The bar manager Brendan Faughan was the only casualty and he sustained a hand injury and was struck on the leg by a large piece of glass. The hotel was reduced to rubble and three cars outside burst into flames. Friday 14th September 1973 Portadown shooting Six shots were fired forma car near the PowerStation at Ballylisk, between Portadown and Tandragee, apparently at security forces in the area. There were no casualties. Friday 14th September 1973 Bomb defused Dozens of people had to be moved out of their houses after a 50lb bomb was found in the doorway of the RAF BELOW - Loyalist protesters block off Shaftesbury Square. FACING PAGE - Civil Rights Association march from Coalisland to Dungannon
15 Association Club in Church Street. It was defused by by an Army expert. Friday 14th September 1973 Derry rocket attack There were no casualties in the rocket attack on the Creggan army camp as the missile fell short and exploded harmlessly on open ground. Simultaneously 15 shots were fired at the camp but again no casualties. During a follow up operation troops were attacked by crowds throwing stones and rubber bullets and CS gas were used to disperse the crowd. Friday 14th September 1973 Woman hid gun in her panties court told A 19-year-old wife of a British Soldier was alleged to have had a revolver concealed in her panties when a youth was appearing in court ion remand on an attempted murder charge. The woman who gave the weapon to the youth in court was refused bail. Saturday 15th September 1973 I ll hold vigil anywhere As the 24 hour vigil for peace ended outside Belfast City Hall the Rev Joseph Parker sad he would be prepared to hold a similar vigil anywhere in Belfast. Mr Parker, whose son Stephen, was killed by a Bloody Friday bomb described the response to the Witness for Peace vigil as marvellous. Saturday 15th September 1973 UDA searches for Herron Hundreds of UDA men combed East Belfast for their missing chief, Tommy Herron, who disappeared on a crowded Newtownards Road just before he was due to attend a top level meeting of UDA chiefs. The search widened when the security forces joined the hunt and he was officially placed on the missing persons list. Saturday 15th September 1973 Airport security A top-level security investigation was expected after the bombing of Aldergrove Airport. At present there is no security check on the route to the public car park, which was the target in the bombing. Over 1000 passengers were held up and flights were delayed for over 6 hours. The 200lb bomb had been driven into the airport grounds in a Ford Escort that had been hijacked in Lenadoon. The army had been unable to defuse the bomb and the blast caused only minor damage. Saturday 15th September 1973 Springfield Road chase An off duty policeman was caught in a hail of machinegun fire as he drove his car to the Falls Road junction. As he accelerated country wards along the Falls a black taxicab drew alongside his vehicle and a further burst of automatic fire ripped through his cr. Despite cuts to his face from flying glass he sped on as he reached Broadway within sight of an army billet the taxi sped past him and several more bullets tore into the vehicle. He was uninjured.
16 Saturday 15th September 1973 Derry firms targeted Within minutes of each other bombs caused extensive damage to a taxi firms premises and a bar. The staff at Star Taxis in Bridge Street got a warning but no warning was given for the 20lb bomb left on the second floor of the Hayloft Bar. Customers in the bar notice the parcel and the area were evacuated. No one was injured and an attempt to blast another bar in Orchard Street failed when a customer tackled the bomber. The man fled the building dropping the 5lb bomb on the pavement when it it fell apart. Saturday 15th September 1973 Shots strike vehicle In Newtownabbey the occupants of a car had a narrow escape when a burst of shots struck their vehicle. The incident occurred at Bridge Road and it is believed that a car containing the gunmen drew alongside the vehicle and then opened automatic fire on it. Monday 17th September 1973 Army bomb expert injured in explosion An army bomb disposal man was critical after an explosion outside an office block in Edgebaston, Birmingham. Monday 17th September 1973 UDA chief shot dead Tommy Herron, UDA chief was found shot dead in a lonely country lane by a group of young boys near Drumbo. Their find ended a huge search for Mr Herron after he went missing. His body, with a single bullet wound to the head, was found lying in a ditch about four feet below the road level. His legally held automatic pistol was still in his shoulder holster and had not been fired. Police believed that he knew his killers and did not believe he had anything to fear from them. Monday 17th September 1973 Three on gun charge A police officer alleged at a special court in Armagh that when he charged three young men with an arms offence each replied "guilty". They were charged with having a.38 pistol and six rounds of ammunition under suspicious circumstance at Tynan, near the Armagh- Monaghan border. Monday 17th September 1973 Schools damaged An explosion at St Patrick s school, Antrim Road caused slight damage to the building and surrounding property. No warning was given and a blast bomb was used. A short time later a bomb exploded at St Mary s Star of the Sea on the Shore Road. Severe structural damage was caused and a fractured water main also destroyed the property. Monday 17th September 1973 RUC attacked A police officer walking along Blacks Road in Dunmurry was shot at twice by a gunman in a blue 1100 car. He returned four shots at the vehicle and was not injured. Monday 17th September 1973 Ammunitions find A routine army patrol found 128 rounds of assorted ammunition in an unoccupied house in Lowry Street in the Ballymacarrett area. Security forces also found 181 round of assorted ammunition in a hedgerow at Beechmount Avenue. LEFT - A Roman Catholic Church on the Holywood Road bombed by Loyalists. FACING PAGE - IRA bomb attack on the International Hotel
18 Monday 17th September 1973 Shootings reported in Derry Shooting incidents occurred in the Bogside and Creggan areas but there were no casualties. A single shot was fired at an Army patrol in the Brandywell and a bullet struck a garage in Lecky Road. Troops returned fire. Another shot was fired at troops in Glenfada Park and a sentry on duty at Bligh s Lane reported his observation post had been shot at from the Lone Moor Road area. Several minor obstructions were built by youths in the Bogside, local people removed some and the army shifted the remainder. Rubber bullets and CS gas were used during stoning incidents in the Creggan Estate, involving groups of youths up to 40 strong. Monday 17th September 1973 Ballymoney church fire An attempt was made to burn the Plains Chapel near Rasharkin but only slight damage was caused. Police found the window in the front porch had been broken and a container of inflammable liquid thrown inside. A number of windows and a door were damaged but there was no structural damage and Sunday s masses went ahead as usual. Monday 17th September 1973 Security increased The army in Derry is tightening up security in Carlisle Road by building a 10-foot high fence with gates for pedestrian and vehicular access across the road. Tuesday 18th September 1973 Medal for army spy The military medal is to be awarded to a member of the Woman s Royal Army Corps who took part in a dangerous spy operation against the IRA in Belfast. The girl volunteered to act as an undercover agent, posing as a laundry woman in Belfast. During "Operation Four Square Laundry" her van collected washing and returned it after checks had been made for bloodstains and signs of explosives. Known as "Kate" she was described as being in her early 20 s and good looking. Tuesday 18th September 1973 Man injured by biscuit tin bomb A man was seriously ill after a 15lb bomb in a biscuit tin was hurled into McAliden s Bar in Lurgan. The man was in the bar drinking and was in a serious condition with chest and leg injuries. Another man hurt in the same blast was also detained in hospital with leg injuries. At least ten other people in the pub were treated for shock. The car used by the bombers was later found abandoned in the town. TOP LEFT - Members of the UDA searching derlict houses in East Belfast for Tommy Herron. BOTTOM LEFT - Police at the scene where Mr Herron s body was discovered at Drumbo. BELOW - Members of the Shankill UDA carry a wreath to Tommy Herron. FACING PAGE - Tommy Herron
19 Tuesday 18th September 1973 Rocktown bar bombed A car bomb exploded outside the Rocktown Bar in Gt Georges Street. The 200lb device caused massive structural damage and there were two minor casualties. The car had been stolen earlier in the day at Tennent Street, Shankill Road. The bombers were seen making off in a Ford Cortina which was later abandoned at Lothair Avenue. Tuesday 18th September 1973 Schools damaged A double explosion rocked the Convent of Mercy Girls Secondary School at Bilston Road. A security man at the school was forced at gunpoint into a car but later released unharmed at the nearly Horseshoe Bend. The Convent of Mercy Primary School on the Crumlin Road was also damaged by an explosion. Police believe that bombers forced their way into the school by breaking windows. There were no casualties though damage was caused to both buildings. Tuesday 18th September 1973 Car bombs Army explosives experts dealt with two 200lb car bombs, one at Telford Street in the Grosvenor Road area and the other at a Transport Depot in Stanley Street. A car bomb extensively damaged the Templeton Arms on the Airport Road. Tuesday 18th September 1973 Ammunition found Two youths found several hundred rounds of assorted ammunition while playing in a derelict house at Mount Street. Tuesday 18th September 1973 Forkhill assaults A child and a soldier were injured in a 15-minute rocket and mortar assault near the South Armagh border. Missiles and nine mortar bombs were fired and at least 350 rounds of small arms ammunition. This was the first attack at the tiny police station that houses both RUC and a detachment of the 1st Light Infantry. The injured soldier was struck by flying stone splinters and the station suffered minor structural damage. Tuesday 18th September 1973 Troops under fire in Derry Troops came under fire on two occasions. A gunman fired a single shot at a mobile patrol at Lonemoor Road and another patrol, which spotted the incident, opened fire on a man seen carrying a gun. A single shot was fired from the roof of flats at Shantallow. Fire was returned but no hits claimed. Tuesday 18th September 1973 Birmingham Sinn Fein deny bombing Provisional Sinn Fein have denied responsibility for the Birmingham bombings and they claim that members of the cities 300 strong Sinn Fein branch had been harassed a intimidated by police following the recent blasts. An army bomb disposal man was critically injured in a bomb in Birmingham. It was the tenth bomb in the city in the last three weeks. Tuesday 18th September 1973 Prisoners on hunger strike 12 prisoners in Dublin s Mountjoy Jail announced they were on hunger strike seeking political status. Tuesday 18th September 1973 MP shot 31-year-old Independent Unity MP Frank McManus was shot as he returned home in his car. Gunmen fired several shots as Mr McManus was turning into their drive of his new home at Sligo Road, Enniskillen. One shot went through the driver s door and hit him in the thigh and another shot hit the house. He was treated in the Erne hospital before being released.
20 Tuesday 18th September 1973 Gun case withdrawn An Andersonstown couple had a charge of possessing a rifle and ammunition in the city was withdrawn at the court. Wednesday 19th September 1973 Dublin demo group freed Thirty-one Provisional Sinn Fein demonstrators who stormed the RTE offices in the GPO, Dublin to protest against the visit of Mr Heath were discharged before the Special Criminal Court in Dublin. The release was ordered on the grounds that their detention certificate was not in order. Wednesday 19th September 1973 Bomb in pram women jailed Two young Ardoyne women were each jailed for seven years when convicted of possessing 120 lb of explosive substance and two detonators with intent to endanger life. The two women were arrested when soldiers saw them pushing a pram near the Flax Street mill. Their suspicions were aroused by a strong smell of marzipan. Wednesday 19th September 1973 Tommy Herron funeral Six masked UDA men fired a volley of shots over the coffin of murdered UDA chief Tommy Herron. The Rev Ian Paisley delivered an oration on Mr Herron who he said, "had died in the fight for Ulster s freedoms". 25,000 people attended the funeral and factories around Belfast closed. A party of UDA men carried the coffin through the Braniel Estate. Wednesday 19th September 1973 Strabane man poured paint A Strabane man was given a suspended sentence for cutting off a 17-year-old girls hair and pouring paint over her head as a warning to her to keep away from soldiers. Wednesday 19th September 1973 Shot soldier dies A young soldier shot on the Falls Road three weeks ago died in hospital. Lance Corporal Richard Miller aged 21 from Peterlee, Co Durham, was sitting in a car near the Royal Victoria Hospital when ambushed. Though he was in civilian clothes when shot the army claimed he was on administrative duties. Thursday 20th September 1973 UDA man found not guilty A UDA volunteer from Derry, was cleared by the Special Criminal Court in Dublin of the murder of a young engaged couple in Co Donegal. The couple were found shot and stabbed to death near Burnfoot in Donegal on New Years Day. After the verdict Mr Glen Barr, a VULC Assembly member for Derry, was delighted by the verdict and said he would demand an inquiry about the statements submitted by the RUC at the trial. Thursday 20th September 1973 Double Blast Wrecks Hotel Two bombs wrecked the Abercorn Arms Hotel in Strabane. There were no casualties. Two youths, one of them armed, walked into the hotel and left a suitcase at the foot of the stairs while the other took a small parcel upstairs. The area was sealed off and extensive blast damage was caused to surrounding buildings. Thursday 20th September 1973 Suspended sentence for girl An 18-year-old Andersonstown girl was given a three months suspended sentence for riotous behaviour. She was among a group of around people who held an anti internment demonstration at Glassmillan army camp. Thursday 20th September 1973 Man and daughter charged Five people, two of them juveniles were charged with possession of three weapons and nearly 800 rounds of ammunition. Thursday 20th September 1973 Gang carve schoolgirl A 15-year-old Catholic schoolgirl was recovering at her Seaford Street home after having the initial UVF carved on her arm by a gang of girls. Mary McGuigan was grabbed on the Albertbridge Road, dragged down a side street, and held her head and arm and used a knife to cut out the inch long letters. Her cross was also pulled from her neck. FACING PAGE - Members of Cumann na mban escort the funeral of IRA leader Jim Bryson
21 Thursday 20th September 1973 UDA mans sentence halved A 40-year-old UDA man, convicted of having a homemade gun had his sentence reduced on appeal yesterday. Thursday 20th September 1973 Bomb blast London Army base Five people were taken to hospital when a bomb exploded at the Duke of York s barracks, Kings Road Chelsea. It was the largest bomb to go off in London in recent weeks. Thursday 20th September 1973 Suicides and the troubles The Samaritans today said that the provinces suicide rate has been halved since the start of the troubles. It was the only area in the UK to show a drop in rates although attempts at suicide were increasing. Friday 21st September 1973 Tyrone pub bomb made safe Army bomb experts made safe a bomb in a Cookstown pub. At two armed men entered Heaney s Bar in Cookstown and placed a duffle bag containing a 25lb bomb on the counter. The area was evacuated but disposal experts later defused the device. Friday 21st September 1973 Derry stoning For the third successive night troops were stoned in Strabanes Bridge end and in the Bogside and Creggan in Derry. They used rubber bullets to disperse the rioters. Friday 21st September 1973 Dunmurry find At Dunmurry troops uncovered an arms cache in a hedge. It contained a.303 rifle fitted with a telescopic sight, 600 round of ammunition and bomb-making materials. Police and troops searched an abandoned caravan near the M2 motorway and discovered a small quantity of an explosive mixture. Friday 21st September 1973 Belfast shootings The army post of Fort Monagh at Whiteroad Road came under heavy automatic fire. Soldiers returned fire but no hits were claimed. At 3.23am a youth fired four shots at the home of a Roman Catholic family in the Braniel Estate. The bullets struck brickwork and the gunman ran away. Soldiers fired at a sniper in the Falls area after four shots hit the North Howard Street military post. There were no casualties.
22 Friday 21st September 1973 Girls sentence suspended A young woman had her sentence suspended for three years. During a riot at the junction of the Antrim Road and New Lodge Road a brick had been thrown through the window of a bus. The girl from the New Lodge area was charged with riotous behaviour. Friday 21st September 1973 SDLP claim on killings denied Claims by the SDLP that out of 200 assassinations since January last year more than 160 were carried out by extreme loyalist groupings were denied in official circles. During the period mentioned by the SDLP 194 people had been killed, of whom 122 were Roman Catholics, 69 were Protestants and 3 aliens. Friday 21st September 1973 Rubber bullets misused Liberal MP Mr Graham Tope spoke of the indiscriminate use of rubber bullets and called for investigation into the introduction of new riot control weapons. Friday 21st September 1973 Escaper put back A 16 year old was yesterday convicted of escaping from a Belfast remand home and remaining a member of the IRA. He was put back for sentence until Monday. The court heard that the youth escaped while serving a sixmonth sentence at St Patrick s training school and remand home for throwing a petrol bomb at an army patrol in Three days after being put into the remand home the youth absconded and was free for over a year before being recaptured in March of this year. During each of his court appearances the juvenile openly declared his allegiance to the IRA and he refused to recognise the court. Saturday 22nd September 1973 Derry murder claimed by IRA The IRA in Derry claimed that they killed James Joseph Brown aged 26 from the Bogside, whose body was found in the city, because he had given information to the army. The body of Mr Brown who lived a t Hamilton Street, in the Brandywell area, was found in Foyle Road, not far from his home. He had suffered head injuries. The army would not comment on the IRA statement and police are waiting for a post-mortem to find the cause of death. Mr Brown was recently married and his wife expecting their first child. An IRA statement claimed that the man had " verbally in writing and on tape" admitted working for the army since the introduction of internment and admitted responsibility for the arrest of at least three volunteers and though his information arms and explosives had been captured. The IRA also said that Mr Brown had received sums of money totalling about 120 and he had tried to infiltrate the IRA. Saturday 22nd September lb defused The soldier who defused the 700lb outside Telephone House was celebrating his wedding anniversary. He explained how he and a colleague worked for several hours on the complex wiring on the bomb. It was in the back of a laundry van and was completely encased in roller towels, which camouflaged the circuits. Two controlled explosions exposed a mass of wires and two clocks and an anti handling device. Residents in the area asked for more security in the Little May Street area and the army erected barbed wire barriers on both sides of Seymour Street.
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