Fish in the diet a review. Sara Stanner British Nutrition Foundation

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Fish in the diet a review. Sara Stanner British Nutrition Foundation"

Transcription

1 Fish in the diet a review Sara Stanner British Nutrition Foundation

2 BNF who we are, what we do?

3 What the review covers Fish consumption Nutrient composition of fish and factors affecting this Contribution to dietary intakes in UK Contamination of fish and effects on health Link with health outcomes obesity, CVD, type 2 diabetes, cancer, asthma, eczema & atopic conditions, cognitive function, bone health Recommendations for intake Sustainability issues

4 Methodology Definition: Fish finfish and shellfish, marine or freshwater origin, farmed or wild General classification of white (1-2% fat) vs oil-rich fish (5-20% fat)* PubMed search for best evidence *SACN 2004

5 Nutrition claims for selected types of fish in the context of EU nutrition claims legislation Raw fish Tuna Salmon Cod King prawns Protein High in High in High in High in Omega 3 DHA/EPA Source High in Source High in Potassium Source Source Source Phosphorus High in High in Source Source Selenium High in High in High in High in Iodine Source High in Vitamin D High in High in Niacin High in High in Vitamin B6 High in High in Vitamin B12 High in High in High in High in

6 Micronutrients of concern in the UK Low intake Vitamin A Riboflavin Iron Low status Iron Riboflavin Vitamin D Calcium Magnesium Potassium Zinc Selenium Iodine Source: National Diet and Nutrition Survey, Rolling Programme Years 1, 2 and 3, The British Nutrition Foundation

7 Current recommendations DH (England): Eat at least two portions of fish (140g each) per week, one of which should be oily. This does not include shellfish. SACN (2004): endorsed population recommendation - one portion oily fish would provide approximately 0.45g/day LC n-3 PUFA or 3.15g/week but the recommendation is for FISH specifically and a minimum requirement EFSA (2010): proposed Adequate Intake of 0.25g EPA+DHA/day for adults (1.5-2g/wk) (plus mg/d DHA in pregnancy/lactation) But beneficial effects on CVD risk factors mainly observed at intakes above 1g/day NICE (2013): revised their guidelines on the use of omega 3 supplements for people who have had heart attacks and are now not recommending omega 3 supplementation

8 Health claims relating to n-3 PUFA Permitted Article 13(1) health claim for normal function of the heart (not risk reduction) for foods that are a source of EPA/DHA (at least 40mg/100g and per 100kcal) Also: DHA contributes to the maintenance of normal vision; DHA contributes to maintenance of normal brain function Article 14(1) DHA intake contributes to the normal visual development of infants up to 12 months of age DHA maternal intake contributes to the normal brain development of the foetus and breastfed infants DHA maternal intake contributes to the normal development of the eye of the foetus and breastfed infants No permitted Article 13(5) claims relating to n-3 PUFA

9 What does the evidence say?

10 Fish and CHD: cohort studies Significant reduction of CHD mortality by 18% for highest compared to lowest consumption of fish (or LC n-3 PUFA). Skeaff CM & Miller J (2009)

11 Fish and stroke Most recent meta-analysis of 21 cohort studies included 675,048 participants Risk was reduced by 6% when eating 2-4 portions of fish per week compared to 1 serving/wk Reduction in risk reduction was larger (12%) when comparing 5 servings/wk with 1 serving/wk But the risk was only significantly reduced with oily fish not white fish. This may be explained by distinct way the two types are generally prepared data for this sub-analysis came from UK and Sweden, where white fish is typically battered and fried. Source: Chowdhury R, Stevens S, Gorman D et al. (2012)

12 Omega 3 supplements and CVD Only blinded RCTs! 14 studies, participants 70% male, EPA & DHA dose g/d No risk reduction of cardiovascular events in secondary prevention. Source: Kwak SM, Myung SK, Lee YJ et al. (2012)

13 Fish, omega 3 and CVD - summary Population studies suggest that fish has a protective effect on risk of heart disease, and to a lesser extent stroke Where an effect of oily fish but not of white fish was shown could this be due to other reasons than simply the difference in LC n-3 PUFA content? There is uncertainty as to whether omega 3 supplements protect against deaths from CVD (secondary prevention) The beneficial effect of fish may be due to other components or from replacement of other foods in the diet with a less beneficial effect on cardiovascular health (e.g. foods that are high in saturated fatty acids)

14 Fish overweight and obesity Dietary patterns that typically include good amounts of fish, (e.g. Mediterranean diet) are associated with lower risk Few RCTs have shown long chain omega-3 supplements to reduce fat mass One RCT found supplements to lead to a greater weight loss and a fall in waist circumference compared to a control group in men but not in women It has been suggested that a shift in fuel metabolism, away from storage and towards oxidation of fat, may be responsible for these findings However, not all studies have demonstrated an effect of long-chain n-3 PUFAs on body composition, and more studies are needed to draw firm conclusions

15 Main findings: diabetes, cancer and atopic disease Type 2 diabetes: Population studies are inconsistent, some even finding fish intake to be associated with higher risk. Overall, no clear evidence. Cancer: Some cohort studies have suggested a protective effect for colorectal cancer but possibly due to lower meat intake by fish eaters. No conclusive evidence to support any association with other types of cancer. Asthma, eczema and other atopic conditions: Some evidence that eating fish during pregnancy reduces risk of atopic conditions in the offspring, particularly for eczema and that fish intake during early childhood reduces risk of atopic conditions but findings inconsistent and no benefit shown with omega 3 supplements.

16 Main findings cognitive function & bone health Cognitive development: DHA is essential for brain function but contaminants (e.g. mercury) can be harmful. Supplementation with long-chain omega-3s during pregnancy or breastfeeding or via formula feeding has not improved cognitive development. But difficult to study. Dementia: Some, but not all, studies have shown higher fish intake, dietary DHA intake and DHA blood levels to be associated with a lower risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease but RCTs have not found supplements to be prevent cognitive decline. Bone health: Several nutrients in fish may be of benefit but limited evidence as yet

17 Topical nutrients in fish iodine & selenium Urinary iodine concentration in 737 UK schoolgirls, showing mild (50 99 μg/l), moderate (20 49 μg/l), and severe (<20 μg/l) iodine deficiency Severe Moderate Mild Proportion with selenium intakes below LRNI 4-18 yrs Boys Girls yrs Men 65 years or above Women Men Women 12% 25% 25% 52% 31% 54% SACN statement (2013): whilst there is evidence of temporal decline in selenium intake and status in the UK, there is little evidence that the changes are likely to result in adverse health outcomes Vanderpump et al, 2011

18 Vitamin D Average intake among women (19-64y) from dietary sources is 2.6μg/day Oily fish is richest natural source, also found in fortified spreads & breakfast cereals, red meat, egg yolks Low status common in pregnant women (especially in winter) Current UK advice: pregnant and lactating women, infants, young children (and those 65+ years) to supplement diet Additional roles proposed for vitamin D in protecting against diabetes, CVD and some cancers and in optimising immune function Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in individuals in the UK (25OHD < 25nmol/L) Lanham-New et al 2011

19 To sum up... Fish plays an important role in a healthy diet and its consumption has long been associated with several health benefits It is not clear to what extent long chain n-3 PUFAs (in oily fish) contribute to the beneficial effects of fish consumption on health It is likely that other components of fish e.g. selenium, potassium, vitamin D or B vitamins contribute also? Replaces less healthy foods in the diet Fish is an important source of several nutrients that need to be increased amongst subgroups of the UK population (and elsewhere in Europe)

Maureen Strong Nutrition Manager

Maureen Strong Nutrition Manager Maureen Strong Nutrition Manager Public Health Nutritionist Registered Dietitian Health Benefits of Red Meat Eating variety moderation Current Department of Health Advice Red meat can be part of a healthy

More information

Nutrition Requirements

Nutrition Requirements Who is responsible for setting nutrition requirements in the UK? In the UK we have a set of Dietary Reference Values (DRVs). DRVs are a series of estimates of the energy and nutritional requirements of

More information

Nutrition Requirements

Nutrition Requirements Who is responsible for setting nutrition requirements in the UK? In the UK we have a set of Dietary Reference Values (DRVs). DRVs are a series of estimates of the energy and nutritional requirements of

More information

What s your beef? Red meat in the diet. Dr Laura Wyness Jan The British Nutrition Foundation

What s your beef? Red meat in the diet. Dr Laura Wyness Jan The British Nutrition Foundation What s your beef? Red meat in the diet Dr Laura Wyness Jan 2011 Outline Types of red meat Consumption patterns Red meat as part of the diet Nutrient content of red meat Health aspects of red meat in the

More information

Nutrition and health of schoolchildren

Nutrition and health of schoolchildren Nutrition and health of schoolchildren Dr Elisabeth Weichselbaum Nutrition Scientist British Nutrition Foundation Background Briefing paper Nutrition, health and schoolchildren ; published in September

More information

Meat and Health meatandeducation.com 2011

Meat and Health meatandeducation.com 2011 Meat and Health Module focus Red meat contains high biological protein and important macronutrients, all of which are essential for good health throughout life. Most healthy balanced diets will include

More information

Assess Life, Health and Wellbeing in the London Borough of Bexley Listening to you, working for you

Assess Life, Health and Wellbeing in the London Borough of Bexley Listening to you, working for you Joint Strategic Needs Assessment Chapter 20 Diet and Nutrition Assess Life, Health and Wellbeing in the London Borough of Bexley Listening to you, working for you CHAPTER 20 DIET AND NUTRITION 20.1 Introduction

More information

A Guide for Retailers. The Benefits of Eating Fish

A Guide for Retailers. The Benefits of Eating Fish A Guide for Retailers The Benefits of Eating Fish Introduction The word superfood has been used to describe all kinds of foods in recent years, but no food is more deserving of the title than fish. A superfood

More information

Review of Nutritional & Health Benefits for the British Trout Association

Review of Nutritional & Health Benefits for the British Trout Association Review of Nutritional & Health Benefits for the British Trout Association Dr Jane M McKenzie Dr Laura Wyness 1 British Trout Association Client Report Executive summary Fish plays an important role in

More information

Seafood and health A vocational training module

Seafood and health A vocational training module Seafood and health A vocational training module CESSH CENTRE O F E XCELLENCE S CIENCE S E A FO O D HE A LT H Overview Seafood for health Vitamins, minerals & nutrients - how much seafood do we need? Contaminants

More information

Red meat and bowel cancer

Red meat and bowel cancer Last updated 29 th September 2011 Red meat and bowel cancer A large number of studies have looked at the association between environmental and lifestyle factors, including dietary factors, and risk of

More information

National Diet and Nutrition Survey Dietary results: Years 1 to 4

National Diet and Nutrition Survey Dietary results: Years 1 to 4 National Diet and Nutrition Survey Dietary results: Years 1 to 4 Dr Toni Steer Public Health Nutritionist MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK MRC Human Nutrition Research Conduct nutrition research

More information

Long-chain omega-3 fatty acid supply in pregnancy and lactation. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care

Long-chain omega-3 fatty acid supply in pregnancy and lactation. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care Long-chain omega-3 fatty acid supply in pregnancy and lactation 1 Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care Cetin, Irenea; Koletzko, Bertholdb May 2008, Volume 11(3), pp 297 302 FROM ABSTRACT

More information

The Benefits of Eating WILD ALASKA SEAFOOD. In Plain English

The Benefits of Eating WILD ALASKA SEAFOOD. In Plain English The Benefits of Eating WILD ALASKA SEAFOOD In Plain English The Benefits of Eating WILD ALASKA SEAFOOD In Plain English Seafood Consumption 4 Fish vs. Plant Omega-3s 6 Mercury 8 Heart Health 10 Pregnancy

More information

Omega-3 3 Intakes in the UK & Options for Increase

Omega-3 3 Intakes in the UK & Options for Increase Omega-3 3 Intakes in the UK & Options for Increase Rachael A. Gibbs Omega 3 intakes key issues Knowledge of current intakes of are essential for developing strategies to increase them Highlight sub-groups

More information

The Health Benefits of Eating Fish. By Beth Semmens R.D., L.D. Monongalia General Hospital

The Health Benefits of Eating Fish. By Beth Semmens R.D., L.D. Monongalia General Hospital The Health Benefits of Eating Fish By Beth Semmens R.D., L.D. Monongalia General Hospital YOU ARE WHAT YOU EAT NUTRIENTS FOUND IN FISH Omega 3 Fats Vitamin D High Quality Protein Selenium Low in Saturated

More information

Analysis by Pamela Mason

Analysis by Pamela Mason Analysis by Pamela Mason Contents Executive Summary 1 Overview 2 Introduction 3 Fruit and Vegetable Intake 4 Wholegrain Consumption 5 Oily Fish Consumption 5 Vitamin and Mineral Intakes 6 The NDNS in Adults

More information

New Research: Vitamin D - A Significant Public Health Issue

New Research: Vitamin D - A Significant Public Health Issue 1) The Issue of Vitamin D New Research: Vitamin D - A Significant Public Health Issue A healthy balanced diet is considered essential to provide a good start in life. However, a recent National Diet and

More information

FACTSHEET. Trying for a Baby. Some nutrition tips. Think about vitamin D. The British Nutrition Foundation

FACTSHEET. Trying for a Baby. Some nutrition tips. Think about vitamin D. The British Nutrition Foundation Trying for a Baby Deciding to have a baby is a really exciting time and you will be thinking about many aspects of your life. You may take a look at your lifestyle and think about making some changes to

More information

Nutrition MANAGING VITILIGO

Nutrition MANAGING VITILIGO MANAGING VITILIGO Nutrition A common question that people with vitiligo ask is whether their diet makes any difference to their skin condition. Choosing the food we eat is something we can manage, so having

More information

Summary. The background to this advisory report. Regulations and research undergo rapid development

Summary. The background to this advisory report. Regulations and research undergo rapid development Summary The background to this advisory report Regulations and research undergo rapid development European legislation, regulations and research in the field of vitamins, minerals and trace elements, known

More information

A Quick Guide to the Government s Healthy Eating Recommendations

A Quick Guide to the Government s Healthy Eating Recommendations A Quick Guide to the Government s Healthy Eating Recommendations About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation's health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities.

More information

Food fortification a valuable option in a junk food society. Jenny Walton Senior Nutritionist Kellogg s. Contents

Food fortification a valuable option in a junk food society. Jenny Walton Senior Nutritionist Kellogg s. Contents Food fortification a valuable option in a junk food society Jenny Walton Senior Nutritionist Kellogg s Contents Today s diet. Fortification Definition & prevalence. Kellogg s fortification policy. Evidence

More information

Importance of Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Adults and Infants

Importance of Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Adults and Infants Chapter 3 Importance of Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Adults and Infants The typical North American diet is deficient in omega-3 fats and overly rich in omega-6 fats, an imbalance that may have long-term health

More information

TABLE OF CONTENTS. This chapter will provide information about the socio-demographic details of the pre-school children who participated in the NPNS.

TABLE OF CONTENTS. This chapter will provide information about the socio-demographic details of the pre-school children who participated in the NPNS. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY This chapter provides a detailed description of the background information and methodology used in the National Pre-School Nutrition Survey (NPNS).

More information

Overview of Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese (2015)

Overview of Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese (2015) Overview of Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese (2015) 1. Purpose of Development Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese proposes reference values of desirable dietary intake of energy and nutrients

More information

OMEGA 3 REPORT. Source: www.omega-3-forum.com and www.myfoodforhealth.com

OMEGA 3 REPORT. Source: www.omega-3-forum.com and www.myfoodforhealth.com OMEGA 3 REPORT Source: www.omega-3-forum.com and www.myfoodforhealth.com BACKGROUND INFORMATION AURI has received several requests for technical assistance related to omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids and

More information

Presented by Justine Aginsky RDSA BSc. Honours in Nutrition and Dietetics

Presented by Justine Aginsky RDSA BSc. Honours in Nutrition and Dietetics Presented by Justine Aginsky RDSA BSc. Honours in Nutrition and Dietetics The eye is reliant on lubrication by tears to maintain vision and provide comfort Tears are a combination of water, oils, mucus,

More information

Every Baby Matters. Guidelines for good Nutrition in Bradford and Airedale Preparing for a healthy pregnancy (preconception) INTRODUCTION

Every Baby Matters. Guidelines for good Nutrition in Bradford and Airedale Preparing for a healthy pregnancy (preconception) INTRODUCTION Every Baby Matters Guidelines for good Nutrition in Bradford and Airedale Preparing for a healthy pregnancy (preconception) INTRODUCTION Good nutritional status before conception is important for the future

More information

CEC ARTICLE 2, 2011: The Importance of Omega 3 Fatty Acids, especially DHA, during Pregnancy. By C. Mathers

CEC ARTICLE 2, 2011: The Importance of Omega 3 Fatty Acids, especially DHA, during Pregnancy. By C. Mathers CEC ARTICLE 2, 2011: The Importance of Omega 3 Fatty Acids, especially DHA, during Pregnancy By C. Mathers In CEC article VOL 1, 2011 Omega- 3 Fatty Acids and the Aging Adult, it was discussed that Omega

More information

A governmental research institute within fish nutrition, seafood safety, and health effects of seafood

A governmental research institute within fish nutrition, seafood safety, and health effects of seafood Seafood and health Bente E. Torstensen & Øyvind Lie Director of research Director A governmental research institute within fish nutrition, seafood safety, and health effects of seafood An administrative

More information

Eggs: unscramble the medical facts

Eggs: unscramble the medical facts Egg Nutrition Council Eggs: unscramble the medical facts Donald J. McNamara, PhD Eggs for Health Consulting What is the ENC? A select group of highly qualified professionals with enormous expertise in

More information

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle utrition hrough the Life Cycle irections: Fill in the blank. 1. uring infancy, children s bodies change and develop at an rate. 2. utrition and feeding is crucial during the first year of life as it influences

More information

The nutritional and health benefits of dairy foods in Europe: an overview. Dr Michelle McKinley. Milk, Nutritious by Nature Symposia April 2015

The nutritional and health benefits of dairy foods in Europe: an overview. Dr Michelle McKinley. Milk, Nutritious by Nature Symposia April 2015 The nutritional and health benefits of dairy foods in Europe: an overview Dr Michelle McKinley Milk, Nutritious by Nature Symposia April 2015 Contribution of dairy to diet in the EU Dairy matrix Health

More information

The Research- Proven Benefits of. OMEGA-3s. The Research. Proven Benefits of. OMEGA-3s

The Research- Proven Benefits of. OMEGA-3s. The Research. Proven Benefits of. OMEGA-3s The Research- Proven Benefits of OMEGA-3s The Research Proven Benefits of OMEGA-3s 1 SHOULD YOU REALLY ADD FAT TO YOUR DIET? If you re like most people, you equate fat-free with healthy. But modern research

More information

Healthy Ageing The Role of Nutrition and Lifestyle

Healthy Ageing The Role of Nutrition and Lifestyle Healthy Ageing The Role of Nutrition and Lifestyle Prof Judy Buttriss British Nutrition, www.nutrition.org.uk An ageing population For the first time there are more people over the age of 60 than under

More information

10 SUPERSTAR REAL FATS

10 SUPERSTAR REAL FATS 10 SUPERSTAR REAL FATS SATIATION MEETS HEALTH Eat real fats Ever since fat was demonized, people started eating more sugar, refined carbs and processed foods instead. As a result, the entire world has

More information

iodine dairy baby food health cells brainb energy skin energy teenage nervous system balance adults semi-skimmed milk adults metabolism children

iodine dairy baby food health cells brainb energy skin energy teenage nervous system balance adults semi-skimmed milk adults metabolism children development development nutrient children semi-skimmed milk baby nervous system food baby b nervous system semi-skimmed milk teenage children d food teenage nervous system nutrient nutrient function important

More information

Super 2 Daily. with Fish Oil and Lutein. Choose Quality. Choose Carlson.

Super 2 Daily. with Fish Oil and Lutein. Choose Quality. Choose Carlson. Super 2 Daily with Fish Oil and Lutein Choose Quality. Choose Carlson. Promotes Heart, Vision, Bone, Brain and Overall Health Your mom may have made sure you got your vitamins as a child, but who s keeping

More information

Healthy Mom & Baby. Specially designed formulas for the unique needs of pregnant women, nursing moms, and their babies.

Healthy Mom & Baby. Specially designed formulas for the unique needs of pregnant women, nursing moms, and their babies. Healthy Mom & Baby Specially designed formulas for the unique needs of pregnant women, nursing moms, and their babies. Choose Quality. Choose Carlson. Take care of your baby and yourself Our nutritional

More information

Nutritional Attributes of Red Meat

Nutritional Attributes of Red Meat Nutritional Attributes of Red Meat Presentation ti Outline Putting red meat intake into perspective Canadian Community Health Survey Nutrients of concern for Canadians Satiety and weight management New

More information

BIOLOGICO, LA PAROLA ALLA SCIENZA What Science Says About Organics

BIOLOGICO, LA PAROLA ALLA SCIENZA What Science Says About Organics BIOLOGICO, LA PAROLA ALLA SCIENZA What Science Says About Organics A selection of articles and reviews on organic farming and food from around 40 scientific journals «Have a varied and balanced diet!»

More information

Which of the following values represent the Australian recommended daily intake of fibre per day?

Which of the following values represent the Australian recommended daily intake of fibre per day? Nutrition OLFA Recommended daily intake of water is a) 0.5L per day b) 0.75L per day c) 1 L per day d) 2-3 L per day e) 4-5 L per day Albumin acts as a carrier protein for a) Copper b) Zinc c) Oxygen d)

More information

Test 3 - Chapters 4 & 5

Test 3 - Chapters 4 & 5 Test 3 - Chapters 4 & 5 True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. Mark A for true and B for false. 1. Carbohydrate has been rightly accused of being the fattening ingredient of foods;

More information

Daily Nutrient Pack Lifelong Vitality Pack

Daily Nutrient Pack Lifelong Vitality Pack Daily Nutrient Pack Lifelong Vitality Pack The Multivitamin Revolution dōterra Wellness Lifestyle 1 Everybody Needs a Multivitamin! RDAs = Recommended Dietary Allowances 9 of 10 don t meet RDAs for vitamins

More information

Essential Fatty Acids

Essential Fatty Acids Essential Fatty Acids AT A GLANCE Introduction Essential fatty acids are fatty acids that cannot be synthesized within the human body, and therefore must be obtained from the diet. There are two families

More information

v. c. Fats the body s main form of long-term energy storage

v. c. Fats the body s main form of long-term energy storage Chapter 7 Notes I. Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins a. What is nutrition? i. Nutrition the science or study of food and the ways the body uses food ii. Nutrients substances in food that provide energy

More information

Fat myths. Myth: All fats are equal and equally bad for you. Myth: Lowering the amount of fat you eat is what matters the most.

Fat myths. Myth: All fats are equal and equally bad for you. Myth: Lowering the amount of fat you eat is what matters the most. Alexandra Palumbo Fat myths Myth: All fats are equal and equally bad for you. Myth: Lowering the amount of fat you eat is what matters the most. Myth: Fat-free means healthy. Saturated fats Trans-fats

More information

In addition to bone health, emerging science reveals a non-skeletal benefit of vitamin D for several other health outcomes.

In addition to bone health, emerging science reveals a non-skeletal benefit of vitamin D for several other health outcomes. Vitamin D AT A GLANCE Introduction Vitamin D comprises a group of fat-soluble compounds that are essential for maintaining the mineral balance in the body. The vitamin D form synthesized in humans is called

More information

MEAL PREP/PROTEIN BOWLS. g2g ORGANIC & GLUTEN-FREE SALADS, QUINOA and BROWN RICE BOWLS

MEAL PREP/PROTEIN BOWLS. g2g ORGANIC & GLUTEN-FREE SALADS, QUINOA and BROWN RICE BOWLS g2g ORGANIC & GLUTEN-FREE SALADS, QUINOA and BROWN RICE BOWLS Created to provide great tasting, outstanding health and wellness benefits are all NUTRITIONALLY COMPLETE ~ full of essential vitamins and

More information

Asthma and allergic disease: influence of early nutrition

Asthma and allergic disease: influence of early nutrition Asthma and allergic disease: influence of early nutrition Graham Devereux University of Aberdeen. Aberdeen Royal Infirmary. Importance of asthma and allergic disease Importance of antenatal influences

More information

MERCURY AND OMEGA-3 OILS IN AUSTRALIAN SEAFOOD

MERCURY AND OMEGA-3 OILS IN AUSTRALIAN SEAFOOD MERCURY AND OMEGA-3 OILS IN AUSTRALIAN SEAFOOD Risks and benefits of seafood consumption Levels of mercury in most Australian seafoods are low, and the benefits of seafood consumption outweigh the risks.

More information

PA = 1.00 Sedentary 1.13 Low active 1.26 Active 1.42 Very Active

PA = 1.00 Sedentary 1.13 Low active 1.26 Active 1.42 Very Active New Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Protein, Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, and Water Source: Dietary Reference Intakes, Institute of Medicine of the National

More information

Red Meat & Nutrients. InsIde. The role of red meat in a balanced diet. EatWelshLamb.com EatWelshBeef.com MeatandHealth.com. Great Tasty Recipe

Red Meat & Nutrients. InsIde. The role of red meat in a balanced diet. EatWelshLamb.com EatWelshBeef.com MeatandHealth.com. Great Tasty Recipe Red Meat & Nutrients The role of red meat in a balanced diet InsIde Great Tasty Recipe EatWelshLamb.com EatWelshBeef.com MeatandHealth.com Get the facts Other meaty facts booklets in the series; red meat

More information

Oily Fish, Omega 3, and the Impact on Children s Wellbeing Is it more than a Red Herring?

Oily Fish, Omega 3, and the Impact on Children s Wellbeing Is it more than a Red Herring? Oily Fish, Omega 3, and the Impact on Children s Wellbeing Is it more than a Red Herring? This draft information sheet has been developed by Dave Rex, Specialist Dietitian for ASD and ADHD. It has been

More information

Plant Based Diet. Christina Lichtinger, PharmD

Plant Based Diet. Christina Lichtinger, PharmD Plant Based Diet Christina Lichtinger, PharmD Plant based diets do not provide enough protein MYTH Dairy is required in the diet in order to consume enough calcium MYTH Sufficient Vitamin B12 is not available

More information

Macromolecules, Food and What s in food?

Macromolecules, Food and What s in food? Macromolecules, Food and What s in food? Digestion Protein Lipids (Fat) Macromolecules Many small molecules connect to form Macromolecules Monomers Small Molecules (Building Blocks) Range in size from

More information

NUTRITIONAL BENEFITS OF BEEF

NUTRITIONAL BENEFITS OF BEEF NUTRITIONAL BENEFITS OF BEEF Funded by The Beef Checkoff Consumers can feel good about loving beef because the protein in beef is a powerful nutrient that helps strengthen and sustain their bodies. High

More information

MINERALS. Calcium. Who needs calcium?

MINERALS. Calcium. Who needs calcium? MINERALS Calcium Who needs calcium? Calcium is important for bones and teeth, but it is also needed to keep your heart and nerves in working order. If you're not getting enough of the mineral from outside

More information

Nutrition and Musculoskeletal Health

Nutrition and Musculoskeletal Health Nutrition and Musculoskeletal Health Helen Macdonald Musculoskeletal Programme, Health Sciences Building Nutrition and Bone Health Calcium Vitamin D Other minerals and protein Fruit and vegetables Other

More information

-Grains are divided into 2 subgroups: whole grains and refined grains.

-Grains are divided into 2 subgroups: whole grains and refined grains. Nutrition (Pre-3 rd ) was written to educate young people, parents and teachers about where our food comes from. This guide provides nutrition facts, useful definitions, and additional websites for teachers

More information

CAN CAN & AEROSOL NEWS

CAN CAN & AEROSOL NEWS Some of the good things that come in cans What essential nutrients are in which canned foods? How canned foods compare with fresh food Independent government analyses Canned foods and our national Dietary

More information

Vitamin and Mineral Table What foods? How does it help?

Vitamin and Mineral Table What foods? How does it help? Vitamin and Mineral Table What foods? How does it help? Vitamin/Mineral Found in RDA a What it does Vitamin A (Retinol or Betacarotene) Vitamin B 1 (Thiamine) Vitamin B 2 (Riboflavin) Vitamin B 3 (Niacin)

More information

Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand

Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand Questions and Answers 1. What are Nutrient Reference Values? The Nutrient Reference Values outline the levels of intake of essential nutrients considered,

More information

Seafood During Pregnancy

Seafood During Pregnancy Seafood During Pregnancy A groundswell of independent science shows that babies benefit when moms eat plenty of fish during pregnancy. Landmark research, in fact, goes a step further to suggest the typical

More information

Nutrition Information from My Plate Guidelines

Nutrition Information from My Plate Guidelines Nutrition Information from My Plate Guidelines Note: This information was compiled from the website: http://www.choosemyplate.gov/ for participants in the 4-H Food Prep Contest 1/12/16. The information

More information

Explain the Principles of Healthy Eating

Explain the Principles of Healthy Eating Module 1 Explain the Principles of Healthy Eating The aim of this Module is to explain the principles of healthy eating. This will include how diet is linked to health, components of a healthy diet, nutrients

More information

How Many Eggs? Position Statement for Healthcare Professionals. Updated July Position Statement: How Many Eggs?

How Many Eggs? Position Statement for Healthcare Professionals. Updated July Position Statement: How Many Eggs? Position Statement for Healthcare Professionals How Many Eggs? Updated July 2012 Eggs are a highly nutritious food that can make an important contribution to a healthy, well balanced diet. As eggs contain

More information

Does it matter if we don t get enough?

Does it matter if we don t get enough? Vitamin D and you Vitamin D is an essential vitamin for everyone, to help develop and maintain healthy bones. Although many people get enough vitamin D, some groups need more and should take a vitamin

More information

Fish and seafood consumption in Norway Benefits and risks Norwegian scientific committee for food safety, March 2006 English summary

Fish and seafood consumption in Norway Benefits and risks Norwegian scientific committee for food safety, March 2006 English summary Fish and seafood consumption in Norway Benefits and risks Norwegian scientific committee for food safety, March 2006 English summary The assignment Fish and other seafood contain substances that have a

More information

Vitamin D an essential nutrient for all but who is at risk of Vitamin D deficiency?

Vitamin D an essential nutrient for all but who is at risk of Vitamin D deficiency? Vitamin D an essential nutrient for all but who is at risk of Vitamin D deficiency? Information for healthcare professionals Why is Vitamin D important? Some of the UK population are at risk of having

More information

Revised RDA for Indians 2010 (Report of the Expert Group of ICMR)

Revised RDA for Indians 2010 (Report of the Expert Group of ICMR) Revised RDA for Indians 2010 (Report of the Expert Group of ICMR) Dr. B. Sesikeran, MD, FAMS Director National Institute of Nutrition (Indian Council Medical Research) Hyderabad 500 007 1 15 th November,

More information

Eggs and Nutrient Density

Eggs and Nutrient Density Position Statement for Healthcare Professionals Eggs and Nutrient Density Updated May 2012 The importance of choosing nutritious foods Foods in each of the major food groups included in Australia s national

More information

Omega-3 Overview The Importance to China

Omega-3 Overview The Importance to China Omega-3 Overview The Importance to China June 22, 2015 EPA and DHA omega-3s are among the most important resources in the ocean. They are a critical part of life, helping cells function and develop properly,

More information

What They Are and Their Importance / Nutrition / Vitamins and Minerals

What They Are and Their Importance / Nutrition / Vitamins and Minerals What They Are and Their Importance / Nutrition / Vitamins and Minerals Five percent of your diet typically includes macro minerals and trace minerals. Macro minerals are minerals that you need in quantities

More information

Nutritional supplement for pregnant and lactating women

Nutritional supplement for pregnant and lactating women Nutritional supplement for pregnant and lactating women Nutrition supplement The nutrition provides nutrient for: - the mother s body - the future baby 35.000 kcal A good well-balanced diet is very important

More information

Omega-3 3 Fatty Acids & Heart Disease:

Omega-3 3 Fatty Acids & Heart Disease: Professor Parveen Yaqoob Omega-3 3 Fatty Acids & Heart Disease: Just Another Fishy Story? University of Reading 2007 www.reading.ac.uk Distribution of some major diseases in Greenland Eskimos, 1950-1974

More information

Nutrition matters in early years settings. Today s presentation will cover: The Children s Food Trust

Nutrition matters in early years settings. Today s presentation will cover: The Children s Food Trust Nutrition matters in early years settings Dr Patricia Mucavele Head of Nutrition, Children s Food Trust 4 Children Conference Let s talk quality! Making early years quality achievable for all 10 th October

More information

The Six Nutrients. By Taylor Ainley Francesca Amen Chanel Dellentash

The Six Nutrients. By Taylor Ainley Francesca Amen Chanel Dellentash The Six Nutrients By Taylor Ainley Francesca Amen Chanel Dellentash What are the 6 nutrients? The 6 nutrients are Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Vitamins, Minerals and Water. Of these six nutrients, three

More information

Shortfall Nutrients: What We Eat in America, NHANES

Shortfall Nutrients: What We Eat in America, NHANES TM Shortfall Nutrients: What We Eat in America, NHANES Alanna Moshfegh Joseph Goldman and Randy LaComb Food Surveys Research Group USDA/ARS Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center June 21, 212 Usual

More information

1 Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for the prevention of pre-eclampsia

1 Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for the prevention of pre-eclampsia 1 Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for the prevention of pre-eclampsia 2 Cord clamping for the prevention of iron deficiency anaemia in infants: optimal timing 3 Cup-feeding for low-birth-weight

More information

The Incredible Benefits of Omega-3 Fish Oil

The Incredible Benefits of Omega-3 Fish Oil The Incredible Benefits of Omega-3 Fish Oil Fish oil would not outrank the rest of the supplements in America, and be the most indemand dietary capsule in the list if the benefits of Omega-3 fish oil were

More information

Vitamin D. Why Vitamin D is important and how to get enough

Vitamin D. Why Vitamin D is important and how to get enough Vitamin D Why Vitamin D is important and how to get enough Why is vitamin D vital for health? Vitamin D is needed by the body for both physical and mental health, but is best known for making sure bones

More information

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NEW BRUNSWICK NUTRITION SURVEY REPORT 2005

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NEW BRUNSWICK NUTRITION SURVEY REPORT 2005 HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NEW BRUNSWICK NUTRITION SURVEY REPORT 2005 Principal Investigator: Dr. B. Christofer Balram Co-Investigators: Dr. Lita Villalon Prof. Penny Ericson New Brunswick Department of Health

More information

Clinical review Science, medicine, and the future Omega 3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease Fishing for a natural treatment

Clinical review Science, medicine, and the future Omega 3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease Fishing for a natural treatment Clinical review Science, medicine, and the future Omega 3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease Fishing for a natural treatment 1 British Medical Journal;328:30-35 (January 3, 2004) Jehangir N Din, David

More information

Dietary Needs in Aging Populations

Dietary Needs in Aging Populations Dietary Needs in Aging Populations Katherine L Tucker, PhD Professor of Nutritional Epidemiology University of Massachusetts Lowell Changes in dietary needs with aging Lower energy requirement Less efficient

More information

Fish, fish oils, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular health

Fish, fish oils, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular health Position statement Fish, fish oils, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular health Updated November 2008 This position statement was developed to provide recommendations to the general population

More information

HEART HEALTH A VITAMINS AND SUPPLEMENTS GUIDE

HEART HEALTH A VITAMINS AND SUPPLEMENTS GUIDE HEART HEALTH A VITAMINS AND SUPPLEMENTS GUIDE CONCERNED ABOUT TAKING CARE OF YOUR HEART? CONFUSED ABOUT WHERE TO START? Heart-healthy choices are important for every one of us, both men and women! 2 EAT

More information

The eatwell plate and 8 top tips for healthy eating

The eatwell plate and 8 top tips for healthy eating The eatwell plate and 8 top tips for healthy eating Grain Chain 2016 Learning objectives Explain the principles of the eatwell plate, highlighting the role of flour and other grains in the diet, e.g. wholegrains.

More information

Omega-3 fatty acids in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Drugs. August 2005;65(8):1051-9

Omega-3 fatty acids in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Drugs. August 2005;65(8):1051-9 Omega-3 fatty acids in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. 1 Peet M, Stokes C. Drugs. August 2005;65(8):1051-9 FROM ABSTRACT: The importance of omega-3 fatty acids for physical health is now well recognised

More information

2008 MEDITERRANEAN DIET PYRAMID

2008 MEDITERRANEAN DIET PYRAMID www.oldwayspt.org tel: 617.421.5500 266 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02116 2008 MEDITERRANEAN DIET PYRAMID The 2008 Mediterranean Diet Pyramid and its supporting text combine the original 1993 Mediterranean

More information

THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET UNESCO TREASURE

THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET UNESCO TREASURE THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET UNESCO TREASURE LIFESTYLE It is more than a diet. It is a lifelong living style. You havet o adopt it, as a religion. Decades ago, it was the natural way of life of many people around

More information

Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4

Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 1 1. Discuss the major reasons people make food choices. 2. List the six nutrients contained in food and a major use of each nutrient. 3. Identify the energy-providing nutrients and calculate the

More information

What America s Missing. A 11 Report on the Nation s Nutrient Gap

What America s Missing. A 11 Report on the Nation s Nutrient Gap What America s Missing A 11 Report on the Nation s Nutrient Gap TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 3 The Great American Nutrition Gap 4 The Nutrient Gap 5 The Biggest Gap Nutrients 6 Additional Gap Nutrients

More information

Nutrition and Parkinson s Disease: Can food have an impact? Sarah Zangerle, RD, CD Registered Dietitian Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital

Nutrition and Parkinson s Disease: Can food have an impact? Sarah Zangerle, RD, CD Registered Dietitian Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital Nutrition and Parkinson s Disease: Can food have an impact? Sarah Zangerle, RD, CD Registered Dietitian Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital Importance of Nutrition & Parkinson s Disease Good nutrition

More information

THE FIRST FIVE YEARS. FORTIFIED.

THE FIRST FIVE YEARS. FORTIFIED. THE FIRST FIVE YEARS. FORTIFIED. Presented By: Cathy Arnold Supervisor, Senior Formulation Scientist Date: June 2012 A vast amount of research is dedicated to the field of children's health and nutrition,

More information

PERINATAL NUTRITION. Nutrition during pregnancy and lactation. Nutrition during infancy.

PERINATAL NUTRITION. Nutrition during pregnancy and lactation. Nutrition during infancy. PERINATAL NUTRITION Nutrition during pregnancy and lactation Nutrition during infancy. Rama Bhat, MD. Department of Pediatrics, University of Illinois Hospital Chicago, Illinois. Nutrition During Pregnancy

More information

Dietary Guidelines 2010 Self-Test Answer Key

Dietary Guidelines 2010 Self-Test Answer Key Name: Date: 1. One Purpose of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) is to a) Provide a science base for U.S. food and nutrition program policies - See page 6 b) Encourage everyone to eat a balanced

More information

The eatwell plate is based on the Government s Eight Tips for Eating Well, which are:

The eatwell plate is based on the Government s Eight Tips for Eating Well, which are: Teachers Notes The eatwell plate The eatwell plate is a pictorial food guide showing the proportion and types of foods that are needed to make up a healthy, varied and balanced diet. The plate has been

More information

40% reduction in the number of children under-5 who are stunted (4) A 30% relative reduction in mean population intake of salt/ sodium intake

40% reduction in the number of children under-5 who are stunted (4) A 30% relative reduction in mean population intake of salt/ sodium intake Evidence-based nutrition interventions included in the WHO e-library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (elena) that may contribute to the achievement of the WHO global nutrition and diet-related NCD targets

More information