OSCE Guide on Non-military Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs)

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1 OSCE Guide on Non-military Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs) Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

2 OSCE Guide on Non-military

3 2

4 Introduction 5 Chapter I CBMs: a Conceptual Framework 9 Chapter II Developing and Implementing Non-Military CBMs 29 3

5 Chapter III Examples of Past and Current CBMs implemented in the OSCE area 53 Previous Page:

6 inter alia - 5

7 Introduction inter alia - - -

8 Introduction - - Next Page: 7

9 8

10 1. What are non-military CBMs Political CBMs - - Economic CBMs - - -

11 Chapter I Environmental CBMs - Societal CBMs Cultural CBMs, - - -

12 Historical developments of CBMs and CSBMs Historical developments of CBMs and CSBMs - th - 11

13 Chapter I

14 Historical developments of CBMs and CSBMs

15 Chapter I The relationship between CBMs and CSBMs

16 The relationship between CBMs and CSBMs

17 Chapter I The nature and characteristics of CBMs Reciprocity: - - -

18 The nature and characteristics of CBMs Incremental: Long-term: - Predictability: Transparency: - Reliability: - 17

19 Chapter I Consistency: - - Communication: - - Local ownership: Multi-level: - 18

20 The nature and characteristics of CBMs

21 Chapter I 5. The relationship between CBMs and other conflict prevention and resolution measures Early warning mechanisms: Mediation and negotiations:

22 The relationship between CBMs and other conflict prevention and resolution measures Peacekeeping: - 21

23 Chapter I - Reconciliation and Rehabilitation:

24 Limitations and obstacles 6. Limitations and obstacles - - Political will: - - Lack of resources:

25 Chapter I - - Weak rule of law and administration of justice: Spoilers:- - Hard-line declarations -

26 Limitations and obstacles Legal requirements: Policy changes: - Violence: - 25

27 Chapter I 7. When it makes sense to introduce CBMs i.e., - - Crisis Management:- -

28 When it makes sense to introduce CBMs Next Page: 27

29 28

30 1. Identifying common interests/challenges

31 Chapter II 2. Making the first move

32 Making the first move

33 Chapter II 3. Factors to be taken into account when designing a CBM The level of tension and mistrust: - iptars - iptars - Channels of communication: - 32

34 Factors to be taken into account when designing a CBM Shared values and common interests: - Perceived and real security threats: Spoilers: - International environment: 33

35 Chapter II - 4. Making CBMs part of a broader settlement/ reconciliation strategy

36 Making CBMs part of a broader settlement/reconciliation strategy 35

37 Chapter II 5. Pitfalls to avoid in designing and implementing CBMs - Single-level approach: Accepting violations of international standards: Deliberate misuse: - Potemkin CBMs: -

38 Pitfalls to avoid in designing and implementing CBMs Delivery failure: - - Strengthening the status quo: - Zero-sum thinking: - Misreading: - 37

39 Chapter II Inconsistency: trolled territory. Copy and paste: Getting out of touch: - 38

40 Pitfalls to avoid in designing and implementing CBMs - - Politicization: Getting blended: per se

41 Chapter II - Getting hijacked:- - - Short-cuts: Verification and guarantees

42 Verification and guarantees

43 Chapter II What happens when a side defects

44 What happens when a side defects Including CBMs in public policy Including CBMs in public policy - - per se

45 Chapter II 9. Ensuring local ownership

46 Ensuring local ownership -

47 Chapter II 10. Diversity The role of international third parties - - The principle primum non nocere- -

48 Diversity The role of international third parties - Funding: - Capacity-building: - Design: - - Implementation: - -

49 Chapter II Logistical support: Expert support: per se Political support: - -

50 The role of international third parties - Prime the pump : - - Counselling: Providing incentives: - - per se -

51 Chapter II Providing a platform: inter alia Guarantees: - - -

52 The role of international third parties - - Next Page: 51

53 52

54 The Economic Rehabilitation Programme in Georgia (Economic) inter alia 53

55 Chapter III

56 Water projects in the framework of the Geneva Talks 2. Water projects in the framework of the Geneva Talks (Environmental)

57 Chapter III - - -

58 Joint working groups on confidence-building in Moldova - 3. Joint working groups on confidence-building in Moldova (Economic, Environmental and Societal)

59 Chapter III - inter alia

60 Moldova: Journalist networks across the Dniester Moldova: Journalist networks across the Dniester (Societal)

61 Chapter III - - -

62 Building confidence through multilingual education: the case of southern Serbia Building confidence through multilingual education: the case of southern Serbia (Cultural) - - inter alia - - -

63 Chapter III - -

64 Building Confidence for Police Redeployment in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Building Confidence for Police Redeployment in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Political) - -

65 Chapter III - - inter alia inter alia -

66 Examples of Past and Current CBMs implemented in the OSCE area inter alia

67 Chapter III

68 Kyrgyzstan: Community Security Initiative - 7. Kyrgyzstan: Community Security Initiative (Political) inter alia - - -

69 Chapter III Multi-ethnic mediation networks in southern Kyrgyzstan (Political) -

70 Multi-ethnic mediation networks in southern Kyrgyzstan

71 Chapter III

72 Confidence building through sound water management between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan Confidence building through sound water management between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan (Environmental)

73 Chapter III

74 Training on fighting forest fires in the South Caucasus Training on fighting forest fires in the South Caucasus (Environmental)

75 Chapter III

76 Training on fighting forest fires in the South Caucasus

77

78 inter alia Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

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