Inflammation, Arthritis, and Nutrition

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Inflammation, Arthritis, and Nutrition"

Transcription

1 Inflammation, Arthritis, and Nutrition Kristin Baker, PhD Assistant Research Professor ENACT Sargent College at Boston University ENACT website:

2 Brief Bio Primary research interests include examining the role of exercise and nutrition in the development and progression of knee osteoarthritis, both structurally and clinically. Developed and tested a strengthening protocol for knee osteoarthritis Examined the role of dietary fatty acids on inflammation in osteoarthritis Recipient of various grants from National Institute of Health (NIH) National Institute of Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) American Federation of Aging Research (AFAR) Arthritis Foundation.

3 Overview What is inflammation? General Concept Acute vs. Chronic Innate vs. Adaptive Inflammation and Disease (Arthritis) How does nutrition impact inflammation? Macronutrients (Carbohydrate and Fats) Micronutrients (Antioxidants) Dietary Patterns

4 Inflammation Latin "inflammo", meaning "I set alight, I ignite

5 Inflammation This is fundamentally a protective response Without inflammation Wounds would never heal Infections would go unchecked

6

7

8

9 Innate and Adaptive Immunity

10 Inflammation

11

12

13 Osteoarthritis

14 Rheumatoid Arthritis

15 Impact of Nutrition on Inflammation Nutrition

16 Macronutrients Excess calories Excess carbohydrate Glycemic index Sugar intake Fats Trans fats Saturated fats Omega 6 and Omega 3 fats

17 Excess Calories Calorie Restriction Society 30% reduction (1800 kcal/day) serum levels of pro-inflammatory factors and body fat, improved BMI, glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and lipoprotein profiles. Fontana L, Klein S. Aging, adiposity, and calorie restriction. JAMA. 2007;297(9):

18 Macronutrient Simple Carbohydrate High-GI diets rich in refined carbohydrate stimulate pro-inflammatory production Huffman KM, et al. Dietary carbohydrate and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in atrisk women and men. Am Heart J. 2007;154(5):

19 Added Sugar Average American consumes around 22.2 teaspoons of added sugar every day American Heart Association Recommendations Men: 150 calories per day (37.5 grams or 9 teaspoons) Women: 100 calories per day (25 grams or 6 teaspoons) (Circulation. 2009; 120: )

20 Macronutrient Complex Carbohydrate Low-GI high fiber diet for one year resulted in significantly lower plasma levels of CRP in a clinical randomized trial of subjects with type 2 diabetes compared with adhering to high-gi and low-carbohydrate diets Wolever TM, et al. The Canadian Trial of Carbohydrates in Diabetes (CCD), a 1-y controlled trial of low-glycemic-index carbohydrate in type 2 diabetes: no effect on glycated hemoglobin, but reduction C-reactive protein. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87(1):

21 Macronutrient Trans Fats Trans fatty acids cell membranes 18:2 fatty acids 2x rate of cis 18:2 fatty acids in human aortic endothelial Cells clump and bind to arterial walls Release of pro-inflammatory cytokines Chronic Heart Failure Association between trans fatty acid level of red blood cell membranes and plasma biomarkers of inflammation Harvey KA, et al. Trans-fatty acids induce pro-inflammatory responses and endothelial cell dysfunction. Br J Nutr. 2008;99(4):

22 Macronutrient Saturated Fats Pro-inflammatory markers in mice with a diet comparable to the level in the average American diet

23

24 Macronutrients Omega 3 s and 6 s Omega 3 Alpha Linolenic Acid (Chia and flax seeds, walnuts) Eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic (DHA) (fatty fish) Ratio Historic 1:2 Current1:12 Omega 6 Linoleic Acid Safflower Corn Soybean Sunflower Patterson E, et al. Health implications of high dietary omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. J Nutr Metab. 2012;2012: Calder PC. n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, inflammation, and inflammatory diseases. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;83(6 Suppl):1505S-1519S.

25

26

27 MUFA Olive Oil Olive Oil Beauchamp, et al. Ibuprofen-like activity in extra-virgin olive oil. Nature, 2005, 437, J Nutr Biochem Dec;25(12):

28 Antioxidants Ascorbic Acid Vitamin E Polyphenols Flavonoids Lignans Calder PC, Albers R, Antoine J-M, et al. Inflammatory disease processes and interactions with nutrition. Br J Nutr. 2009;101 Suppl 1:S1-S45

29 Dietary Patterns Mediterranean Diet Vitamins Minerals Fiber Polyphenols Estruch R. Anti-inflammatory effects of the Mediterranean diet: the experience of the PREDIMED study. Proc Nutr Soc. 2010;69(3): Root MM, et al. Combined fruit and vegetable intake is correlated with improved inflammatory and oxidant status from a cross-sectional study in a community setting. Nutrients. 2012;4(1):29-41.

30 Summary Regulated Inflammation Essential response for infection and injury, restores homeostasis Chronic or Unregulated Inflammation Loss of barrier function Response to a normally benign substance Increased production of inflammatory cells and in places not normally found Why resolution is not normal is still largely unknown Nutrition and Inflammation Nutrition can reinforce the regulatory pathways controlling inflammatory responses Nutrition may contribute to the robustness of homeostatic control to reduce the risk that acute inflammatory responses derail into uncontrolled chronic inflammatory responses Nutrition may widen the boundaries within which the inflammatory responses can deal with the challenges Potential dietary components include, carbohydrate intake, fatty acid intake, and antioxidants Lots of preliminary suggestive data Clear need for more good-quality studies assessing the impact of nutrition and specific nutrients on chronic inflammatory responses

Active Living with Arthritis Podcast #6 The Relationship Between Inflammation, Arthritis, and Nutrition

Active Living with Arthritis Podcast #6 The Relationship Between Inflammation, Arthritis, and Nutrition Active Living with Arthritis Podcast #6 The Relationship Between Inflammation, Arthritis, and Nutrition Karen Jacobs: Welcome to the arthritis answers podcast, presented by ENACT center at Boston University

More information

The Health Benefits of Eating Fish. By Beth Semmens R.D., L.D. Monongalia General Hospital

The Health Benefits of Eating Fish. By Beth Semmens R.D., L.D. Monongalia General Hospital The Health Benefits of Eating Fish By Beth Semmens R.D., L.D. Monongalia General Hospital YOU ARE WHAT YOU EAT NUTRIENTS FOUND IN FISH Omega 3 Fats Vitamin D High Quality Protein Selenium Low in Saturated

More information

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) improve on a vegetarian diet or supplementation with fish oil.

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) improve on a vegetarian diet or supplementation with fish oil. Anti-inflammatory effects of a low arachidonic acid diet and fish oil in patients with rheumatoid arthritis ORIGINAL Rheumatol Int (2003) 23: 27 36 ARTICLE Olaf Adam, Corinna Beringer, Thomas Kless, Christa

More information

Your Life Your Health Cariodmetabolic Risk Syndrome Part VII Inflammation chronic, low-grade By James L. Holly, MD The Examiner January 25, 2007

Your Life Your Health Cariodmetabolic Risk Syndrome Part VII Inflammation chronic, low-grade By James L. Holly, MD The Examiner January 25, 2007 Your Life Your Health Cariodmetabolic Risk Syndrome Part VII Inflammation chronic, low-grade By James L. Holly, MD The Examiner January 25, 2007 The cardiometabolic risk syndrome is increasingly recognized

More information

Introduction To The Zone

Introduction To The Zone Introduction To The Zone Why Do We Gain Weight, Get Sick, and Age Faster? Overview of Anti- Inflammatory Nutrition Unique Roles For Each Dietary Intervention Zone Diet Reduction of insulin resistance Omega-3

More information

I The THREE types of LIPIDS

I The THREE types of LIPIDS LECTURE OUTLINE Chapter 5 The Lipids: Fats, Oils, Phospholipids and Sterols I The THREE types of LIPIDS A. Triglycerides (fats & oils)- the MAJOR type of lipid in food and humans. 1. 2 parts of triglyceridesa)

More information

Eating For Injury Recovery John M Berardi, PhD, CSCS Ryan Andrews, RD, MA, MS www.precisionnutrition.com

Eating For Injury Recovery John M Berardi, PhD, CSCS Ryan Andrews, RD, MA, MS www.precisionnutrition.com Eating For Injury Recovery John M Berardi, PhD, CSCS Ryan Andrews, RD, MA, MS www.precisionnutrition.com To most sport and exercise professionals, the idea that nutrition can play a powerful role in injury

More information

Diet and Arthritis. Dr Áine O Connor Nutrition Scientist. British Nutrition Foundation. 2011 The British Nutrition Foundation

Diet and Arthritis. Dr Áine O Connor Nutrition Scientist. British Nutrition Foundation. 2011 The British Nutrition Foundation Diet and Arthritis Dr Áine O Connor Nutrition Scientist British Nutrition Foundation Outline Background What is arthritis? What are the common forms? Body weight and arthritis Diet and arthritis Nutrients

More information

Introduction. Pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes

Introduction. Pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes Introduction Type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2dm) is the most prevalent form of diabetes worldwide. It is characterised by high fasting and high postprandial blood glucose concentrations (hyperglycemia). Chronic

More information

Why are Carlson FISH OILS (and Calamari Oils) important for me?

Why are Carlson FISH OILS (and Calamari Oils) important for me? The Eskimo Paradox Years ago, scientists were perplexed with the healthy arteries of the Greenland Inuit (Eskimo) population. Although their diet was rich in fatty foods such as salmon, whale, and seal

More information

DIETARY ISSUES IN DIABETES

DIETARY ISSUES IN DIABETES DIETARY ISSUES IN DIABETES Elizabeth J Mayer Davis, PhD Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health Department of Medicine, School of Medicine University of North Carolina at Chapel

More information

OMEGA 3 REPORT. Source: www.omega-3-forum.com and www.myfoodforhealth.com

OMEGA 3 REPORT. Source: www.omega-3-forum.com and www.myfoodforhealth.com OMEGA 3 REPORT Source: www.omega-3-forum.com and www.myfoodforhealth.com BACKGROUND INFORMATION AURI has received several requests for technical assistance related to omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids and

More information

The Use of Anti-Inflammatory Nutrition To Slow The Aging Process. Dr. Barry Sears President Inflammation Research Foundation

The Use of Anti-Inflammatory Nutrition To Slow The Aging Process. Dr. Barry Sears President Inflammation Research Foundation The Use of Anti-Inflammatory Nutrition To Slow The Aging Process Dr. Barry Sears President Inflammation Research Foundation Anti-Aging Is Best Defined As Slowing The Development Of Chronic Disease Chronic

More information

Body Composition & Longevity. Ohan Karatoprak, MD, AAFP Clinical Assistant Professor, UMDNJ

Body Composition & Longevity. Ohan Karatoprak, MD, AAFP Clinical Assistant Professor, UMDNJ Body Composition & Longevity Ohan Karatoprak, MD, AAFP Clinical Assistant Professor, UMDNJ LONGEVITY Genetic 25% Environmental Lifestyle Stress 75% BMI >30 OBESE 25-30 OVERWEIGHT 18-25 NORMAL WEIGHT 18

More information

Carlson Cod Liver Oil contains the important omega-3s, DHA & EPA.

Carlson Cod Liver Oil contains the important omega-3s, DHA & EPA. CodBrochure135L_Layout 1 7/19/13 10:34 AM Page 3 has been awarded the prestigious Superior Taste Award by the International Taste & Quality Institute in Europe for their Carlson Cod Liver Oil products.

More information

Health Maintenance: Controlling Cholesterol

Health Maintenance: Controlling Cholesterol Sacramento Heart & Vascular Medical Associates February 18, 2012 500 University Ave. Sacramento, CA 95825 Page 1 What is cholesterol? Cholesterol is a fatty substance. It has both good and bad effects

More information

The Diabetes Epidemic

The Diabetes Epidemic The Diabetes Epidemic O 2118 Wilshire Blvd. Ste. 723 O Santa Monica, California 90403 O www.susandopart.com O susan@susandopart.com What to look for and how you can help your clients O 310-828-4476 Trends

More information

Nutritional Glossary. Index of Contents

Nutritional Glossary. Index of Contents Nutritional Glossary This glossary provides nutrition information about the nutrients commonly found in fruits, vegetables, and other plant foods Each glossary definition has a long and a short version.

More information

Eating Well with Diabetes. Cassie Vanderwall UW Health Nutrition Registered Dietitian Certified Personal Trainer Certified Diabetes Educator

Eating Well with Diabetes. Cassie Vanderwall UW Health Nutrition Registered Dietitian Certified Personal Trainer Certified Diabetes Educator Eating Well with Diabetes Cassie Vanderwall UW Health Nutrition Registered Dietitian Certified Personal Trainer Certified Diabetes Educator Outline What is Diabetes? Diabetes Self-Management Eating Well

More information

The Mediterranean Diet (Monterey Style)

The Mediterranean Diet (Monterey Style) The Mediterranean Diet (Monterey Style) The use of the typical American Heart Association-recommended low-fat, highcarbohydrate diet did not adequately meet the needs of our lipid clinic. Problems and

More information

Margarines and Heart Disease. Do they protect?

Margarines and Heart Disease. Do they protect? Margarines and Heart Disease Do they protect? Heart disease Several studies, including our own link margarine consumption with heart disease. Probably related to trans fatty acids elevate LDL cholesterol

More information

Protein Intake in Potentially Insulin Resistant Adults: Impact on Glycemic and Lipoprotein Profiles - NPB #01-075

Protein Intake in Potentially Insulin Resistant Adults: Impact on Glycemic and Lipoprotein Profiles - NPB #01-075 Title: Protein Intake in Potentially Insulin Resistant Adults: Impact on Glycemic and Lipoprotein Profiles - NPB #01-075 Investigator: Institution: Gail Gates, PhD, RD/LD Oklahoma State University Date

More information

Elevated Cholesterol and Homocysteine

Elevated Cholesterol and Homocysteine Elevated Cholesterol and Homocysteine The evidence linking inflammation of the blood vessels and heart disease/hardening of the arteries is well documented. There is considerable debate about the role

More information

FISH OILS EPA DHA GLA FLAXSEED OIL

FISH OILS EPA DHA GLA FLAXSEED OIL ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS The Essential Choice FISH OILS EPA DHA GLA FLAXSEED OIL *This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Healthy Fats. Essential for Health. Exceptional

More information

Pediatrics. Specialty Courses for Medical Assistants

Pediatrics. Specialty Courses for Medical Assistants Pediatrics Specialty Courses for Medical Assistants 7007 College Boulevard, Suite 385 Overland Park, Kansas 66211 www.ncctinc.com t: 800.875.4404 f: 913.498.1243 Pediatrics Specialty Certificate Course

More information

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF FORTY MARGARINES AVAILABLE IN SOUTH AFRICA

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF FORTY MARGARINES AVAILABLE IN SOUTH AFRICA 1 A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF FORTY MARGARINES AVAILABLE IN SOUTH AFRICA Dr Carl Albrecht Head of Research Cancer Association of South Africa (CANSA) e-mail: calbrecht@cansa.org.za

More information

CORPORATE HEALTH LOWERING YOUR CHOLESTEROL & BLOOD PRESSURE

CORPORATE HEALTH LOWERING YOUR CHOLESTEROL & BLOOD PRESSURE CORPORATE HEALTH LOWERING YOUR CHOLESTEROL & BLOOD PRESSURE What is Cholesterol? What s wrong with having high cholesterol? Major risk factor for cardiovascular disease Higher the cholesterol higher the

More information

Nutrients: Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats. Chapter 5 Lesson 2

Nutrients: Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats. Chapter 5 Lesson 2 Nutrients: Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats Chapter 5 Lesson 2 Carbohydrates Definition- the starches and sugars found in foods. Carbohydrates are the body s preferred source of energy providing four

More information

Recommended Daily Fat Intake

Recommended Daily Fat Intake Recommended Daily Fat Intake Total calories per day Saturated fat in grams Total fat in grams 1,600 18 or less 53 2,000 1 20 or less 65 2,200 24 or less 73 2,500 1 25 or less 80 2,800 31 or less 93 Read

More information

What Does A Healthy Body Need

What Does A Healthy Body Need What Does A Healthy Body Need Michelle Brezinski Michelle Brezinski has studied Fitness and Nutrition at Simon Fraser University and has received a Herbology Diploma from Dominion College. As a Health

More information

Are You Afraid of Fat?

Are You Afraid of Fat? Omega Fatty Acids Are You Afraid of Fat? Many people are! Have you ever purchased the low or no fat version of a food? Did you know that fat is simply replaced by sugar in these products? Examples: Low

More information

SUMMARY & CONCLUSION. Summary and Conclusion

SUMMARY & CONCLUSION. Summary and Conclusion SUMMARY & CONCLUSION Pineapple is a tropical fruit, it contains a proteolytic enzyme bromelain, which helps in the digestion of protein. Pineapple can prevent blood clot formation because of its bromelain

More information

Proposed FDA Rule To Ban Partially Hydrogenated (PHO) Oils. Johari Minal johari.usa@gmail.com

Proposed FDA Rule To Ban Partially Hydrogenated (PHO) Oils. Johari Minal johari.usa@gmail.com Proposed FDA Rule To Ban Partially Hydrogenated (PHO) Oils Johari Minal johari.usa@gmail.com Outline Chronology of events The harmful effects of trans fats The alternatives Background 1957 Fred Kummerow

More information

National Lipid Association 2014 Scientific Sessions, Orlando, FL

National Lipid Association 2014 Scientific Sessions, Orlando, FL National Lipid Association 2014 Scientific Sessions, Orlando, FL Lori Alexander, MSHS, RD, CCRC, CLS, FNLA Site Director St Johns Center for Clinical Research Ponte Vedra, FL Financial Disclosures None

More information

GUIDE TO THE FORMAT OF PROPOSED FDA 4 CLAIM LEVELS

GUIDE TO THE FORMAT OF PROPOSED FDA 4 CLAIM LEVELS GUIDE TO THE FORMAT OF PROPOSED FDA 4 CLAIM LEVELS 1 Product Component Disease Orange Juice Calcium Osteoporosis Pasta Sauce Lycopene (20 mg) Certain cancers, including prostate cancer in men Breakfast

More information

NEWS LETTER #1 Clair Thunes, PhD (916)248-8987 clair@summit-equine.com www.summit-equine.com

NEWS LETTER #1 Clair Thunes, PhD (916)248-8987 clair@summit-equine.com www.summit-equine.com NEWS LETTER #1 Clair Thunes, PhD (916)248-8987 clair@summit-equine.com www.summit-equine.com As we look outside our windows many of us are seeing the emergence of Spring a welcome relief to the drudgery

More information

Η δίαιτα στην πρόληψη του αγγειακού εγκεφαλικού επεισοδίου

Η δίαιτα στην πρόληψη του αγγειακού εγκεφαλικού επεισοδίου ΠΡΟΓΡΑΜΜΑ ΜΕΤΑΠΤΥΧΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΠΟΥΔΩΝ «Η ΔΙΑΤΡΟΦΗ ΣΤΗΝ ΥΓΕΙΑ ΚΑΙ ΣΤΗ ΝΟΣΟ» Η δίαιτα στην πρόληψη του αγγειακού εγκεφαλικού επεισοδίου Γεώργιος Ντάιος Παθολογική Κλινική Πανεπιστημίου Θεσσαλίας Stroke Statistics

More information

Cholesterol and Triglycerides What You Should Know

Cholesterol and Triglycerides What You Should Know Cholesterol and Triglycerides What You Should Know Michael T. McDermott MD Professor of Medicine Endocrinology Practice Director Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes University of Colorado

More information

Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean diet

Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean diet Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean diet Alejandro Vicente Carrillo, Brynja Ingadottir, Anne Fältström, Evelyn Lundin, Micaela Tjäderborn GROUP 2 Background The traditional

More information

25 Lowest Carb Fruits

25 Lowest Carb Fruits 25 Lowest Carb Fruits It's not always easy to compare apples to oranges when it comes to Fruits and vegetables come in all shapes and sizes, and while it might seem like one is a lower-carb choice than

More information

Nutrition Information from My Plate Guidelines

Nutrition Information from My Plate Guidelines Nutrition Information from My Plate Guidelines Note: This information was compiled from the website: http://www.choosemyplate.gov/ for participants in the 4-H Food Prep Contest 1/12/16. The information

More information

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation During Pregnancy. Reviews In Obstetrics & Gynecology. Fall 2008, Vol. 1 No. 4, pp. 162-169

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation During Pregnancy. Reviews In Obstetrics & Gynecology. Fall 2008, Vol. 1 No. 4, pp. 162-169 Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation During Pregnancy 1 Reviews In Obstetrics & Gynecology Fall 2008, Vol. 1 No. 4, pp. 162-169 James A. Greenberg, MD, Stacey J. Bell, DSc, RD, Wendy Van Ausdal FROM ABSTRACT:

More information

Food Allergy Gluten & Diabetes Dr Gary Deed Mediwell 314 Old Cleveland Road Coorparoo 4151 3421 7488

Food Allergy Gluten & Diabetes Dr Gary Deed Mediwell 314 Old Cleveland Road Coorparoo 4151 3421 7488 Food Allergy Gluten & Diabetes Dr Gary Deed Mediwell 314 Old Cleveland Road Coorparoo 4151 3421 7488 SUMMARY Type 1 diabetes Onset common in Children Insulin requiring Immune origins with attack on the

More information

Dietary Guidance Statements An Industry Perspective

Dietary Guidance Statements An Industry Perspective Dietary Guidance Statements An Industry Perspective Douglas Balentine Director of Nutrition Unilever June 8, 2010 Outline Consumer Understanding Claims on Food Packaging Dietary Guidance Food and Health

More information

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

What is Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 Diabetes What is Type 2 Diabetes? Diabetes is a condition where there is too much glucose in the blood. Our pancreas produces a hormone called insulin. Insulin works to regulate our blood glucose

More information

A Fresh Perspective. Lean Beef and Heart Health: ... Fresh red meat is not associated with CHD risk

A Fresh Perspective. Lean Beef and Heart Health: ... Fresh red meat is not associated with CHD risk Spring 2012... Fresh red meat is not associated with CHD risk R Lean Beef and Heart Health: A Fresh Perspective esearchers from the Harvard School of Public Health recently concluded that consuming 100

More information

Fat Facts That Can Help Your Heart. Most Common Risk Factors for Heart Disease

Fat Facts That Can Help Your Heart. Most Common Risk Factors for Heart Disease Fat Facts That Can Help Your Heart Sally Barclay, MS RD LD Nutrition Clinic for Employee Wellness Most Common Risk Factors for Heart Disease High LDL (bad) cholesterol Smoking Low HDL (good) cholesterol

More information

Eating Healthy for Your Heart. Kelly Cardamone, MS, RD, CDE, CDN

Eating Healthy for Your Heart. Kelly Cardamone, MS, RD, CDE, CDN Eating Healthy for Your Heart Kelly Cardamone, MS, RD, CDE, CDN Do You Know? According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 70% of all deaths in the United States are due to chronic diseases.

More information

Restore and Maintain treatment protocol

Restore and Maintain treatment protocol Restore and Maintain treatment protocol Combating inflammation through the modulation of eicosanoids Inflammation Inflammation is the normal response of a tissue to injury and can be triggered by a number

More information

The Polyphenol Study. Effect of Dietary Polyphenols on Intestinal Microbiota, Intestinal Inflammation and Metabolic Syndrome

The Polyphenol Study. Effect of Dietary Polyphenols on Intestinal Microbiota, Intestinal Inflammation and Metabolic Syndrome The Polyphenol Study Effect of Dietary Polyphenols on Intestinal Microbiota, Intestinal Inflammation and Metabolic Syndrome Principal Investigator: Michael Lefevre, PhD What are Polyphenols? * Polyphenols

More information

GUIDELINES FOR DIET CONTROL IN DIABETES MELLITUS Importance of Food Exchange Lists and Perspectives for the Future *

GUIDELINES FOR DIET CONTROL IN DIABETES MELLITUS Importance of Food Exchange Lists and Perspectives for the Future * 57 GUIDELINES FOR DIET CONTROL IN DIABETES MELLITUS Importance of Food Exchange Lists and Perspectives for the Future * Hiroshi KAJINUMA** Asian Med. J. 44(2): 57 63, 2001 Abstract: Food Exchange List

More information

ESPEN guidelines in cystic fibrosis

ESPEN guidelines in cystic fibrosis ESPEN Congress Barcelona 2012 Achieving goals by guidelines: myth or reality? ESPEN guidelines in cystic fibrosis D. Turck (France) Guidelines on the nutritional support in cystic fibrosis WG D Turck (Lille,

More information

Nutritional Support of the Burn Patient

Nutritional Support of the Burn Patient Nutritional Support of the Burn Patient Objectives To understand the principles of normal nutrient utilization and the abnormalities caused by burn injury To be able to assess nutrient needs To be able

More information

Why Take a High Concentrate Fish Oil?

Why Take a High Concentrate Fish Oil? MedOmega Fish Oil 2800: Balanced, high-concentrate fish oil rich in omega-3 s DHA and EPA Our bodies require DHA and EPA for optimal health. DHA and EPA are recognized in today s scientific research as

More information

Dietary Composition for Weight Loss and Weight Loss Maintenance

Dietary Composition for Weight Loss and Weight Loss Maintenance Dietary Composition for Weight Loss and Weight Loss Maintenance Bridget M. Hron, MD Instructor in Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School Staff Physician in Gastroenterology & Nutrition and New Balance Foundation

More information

Omega-3 fatty acids improve the diagnosis-related clinical outcome. Critical Care Medicine April 2006;34(4):972-9

Omega-3 fatty acids improve the diagnosis-related clinical outcome. Critical Care Medicine April 2006;34(4):972-9 Omega-3 fatty acids improve the diagnosis-related clinical outcome 1 Critical Care Medicine April 2006;34(4):972-9 Volume 34(4), April 2006, pp 972-979 Heller, Axel R. MD, PhD; Rössler, Susann; Litz, Rainer

More information

Nutritional Guidelines for Roux-en-Y, Sleeve Gastrectomy and Duodenal Switch. Gastric Restrictive Procedures. Phase III Regular Consistency

Nutritional Guidelines for Roux-en-Y, Sleeve Gastrectomy and Duodenal Switch. Gastric Restrictive Procedures. Phase III Regular Consistency Nutritional Guidelines for Roux-en-Y, Sleeve Gastrectomy and Duodenal Switch Gastric Restrictive Procedures Phase III Regular Consistency The University of Chicago Hospitals Center for the Surgical Treatment

More information

METABOLIC SYNDROME. Rebecca Rovay-Hazelton, Licensed Nutritionist

METABOLIC SYNDROME. Rebecca Rovay-Hazelton, Licensed Nutritionist METABOLIC SYNDROME Rebecca Rovay-Hazelton, Licensed Nutritionist Blood Sugar Basics Glucose=a simple sugar used for energy from diet, primarily starches, sugar and carbohydrate Insulin=a hormone made in

More information

Ernährungsbedingte Risikofaktoren für das metabolische Syndrom bei übergewichtigen Kindern

Ernährungsbedingte Risikofaktoren für das metabolische Syndrom bei übergewichtigen Kindern Ernährungsbedingte Risikofaktoren für das metabolische Syndrom bei übergewichtigen Kindern Dr. Isabelle Aeberli Human Nutrition Laboratory, ETH Zurich Clinic for Endocrinology Diabetes and Clinical Nutrition,

More information

Cholesterol made simple!

Cholesterol made simple! Cholesterol made simple! Cholesterol is the biggest risk factor for heart disease and also increases your risk of stroke and circulatory disease - Heart UK The Cholesterol Charity What is Cholesterol and

More information

Major dietary patterns are related to plasma concentrations of markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction

Major dietary patterns are related to plasma concentrations of markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction Major dietary patterns are related to plasma concentrations of markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction Esther Lopez Garcia, Matthias B Schulze, Teresa T Fung, James B Meigs, Nader Rifai, JoAnn

More information

Strokes and High Blood Pressure

Strokes and High Blood Pressure Strokes and High Blood Pressure Quick Review from last Week: What is a Stroke Stroke: blood supply to the brain is severely limited or cut off With no blood to carry oxygen to them, brain cells will die

More information

Nutrition and Parkinson s Disease: Can food have an impact? Sarah Zangerle, RD, CD Registered Dietitian Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital

Nutrition and Parkinson s Disease: Can food have an impact? Sarah Zangerle, RD, CD Registered Dietitian Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital Nutrition and Parkinson s Disease: Can food have an impact? Sarah Zangerle, RD, CD Registered Dietitian Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital Importance of Nutrition & Parkinson s Disease Good nutrition

More information

Authorised Health Claims May Not Help Consumers to Choose a Healthy Diet

Authorised Health Claims May Not Help Consumers to Choose a Healthy Diet Editorial Published online: March 8, 2014 Anne de la Hunty a Margaret Ashwell a Ursula Arens a Sigrid Gibson b Michele Sadler c a Ashwell Associates, Ashwell, b SigNurture Ltd, Guildford, and c Rank Nutrition

More information

Medical Nutrition Therapy for Diabetes

Medical Nutrition Therapy for Diabetes Medical Nutrition Therapy for Diabetes Marion J. Franz, MS, RD, CDE MarionFranz@aol.com Objectives: Discuss expected outcomes and when to evaluate effectiveness of MNT Review macronutrient questions Select

More information

Sinclair Community College, Division of Allied Health Technologies

Sinclair Community College, Division of Allied Health Technologies Sinclair Community College, Division of Allied Health Technologies Health Promotion for Community Health Workers Cardiovascular disease, stroke, and cancer Class #5 High Blood Cholesterol (date) Course

More information

DIET AND EXERCISE STRATEGIES FOR WEIGHT LOSS AND WEIGHT MAINTENANCE

DIET AND EXERCISE STRATEGIES FOR WEIGHT LOSS AND WEIGHT MAINTENANCE DIET AND EXERCISE STRATEGIES FOR WEIGHT LOSS AND WEIGHT MAINTENANCE 40 yo woman, BMI 36. Motivated to begin diet therapy. Which of the following is contraindicated: Robert B. Baron MD MS Professor and

More information

Fats, Oils, and Other Lipids

Fats, Oils, and Other Lipids Chapter 5 Fats, Oils, and Other Lipids Slide Show developed by: Richard C. Krejci, Ph.D. Professor of Public Health Columbia College 9.30.15 Objectives for Chapter 5 1. Describe the three classifications

More information

Freiburg Study. The other 24 subjects had healthy markers closer to what would be considered ideal.

Freiburg Study. The other 24 subjects had healthy markers closer to what would be considered ideal. Freiburg Study The Freiburg Study was conducted with 48 healthy human subjects of various ages. None of the test subjects had been diagnosed with any disease prior to the study. None were taking any type

More information

Lipids. There are 2 types of lipids; those that contain the structural component of a fatty acid; and

Lipids. There are 2 types of lipids; those that contain the structural component of a fatty acid; and Lipids Lipids are biomolecules that contain fatty acids or a steroid nucleus. soluble in organic solvents, but not in water. named for the Greek word lipos, which means fat. extracted from cells using

More information

Nutrition for Multiple Sclerosis. Presenter: Kari McDougall

Nutrition for Multiple Sclerosis. Presenter: Kari McDougall Nutrition for Multiple Sclerosis Presenter: Kari McDougall Nutrition & Multiple Sclerosis Several theories exist as to what causes MS, such as viruses, bacteria, autoimmunity & metabolic disorders, heredity,

More information

Food for Thought Healthy Foods to Savor

Food for Thought Healthy Foods to Savor Food for Thought Healthy Foods to Savor www.healthyeatingucsd.org Vicky Newman, MS, RD Director, Nutrition Services, Cancer Prevention Program, UCSD Healthy Eating Program, Moores UCSD Cancer Center Associate

More information

Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand

Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand Questions and Answers 1. What are Nutrient Reference Values? The Nutrient Reference Values outline the levels of intake of essential nutrients considered,

More information

Nutrition Requirements

Nutrition Requirements Who is responsible for setting nutrition requirements in the UK? In the UK we have a set of Dietary Reference Values (DRVs). DRVs are a series of estimates of the energy and nutritional requirements of

More information

It is important to know that some types of fats, like saturated and trans fat, can raise blood cholesterol levels.

It is important to know that some types of fats, like saturated and trans fat, can raise blood cholesterol levels. Healthy Eating You are what you eat! So before you even shop for food, it is important to become a well informed, smart food consumer and have a basic understanding of what a heart healthy diet looks like.

More information

BEST & WORST FOODS FOR BELLY FAT

BEST & WORST FOODS FOR BELLY FAT Belly fat is worse for you than fat elsewhere on your body. Excess accumulation of belly fat is more dangerous than excess fat around your hips and thighs. Belly fat is associated with serious health problems,

More information

Getting Off the Chronic Disease Merry-Go-Round: What s the Weight of the Research?

Getting Off the Chronic Disease Merry-Go-Round: What s the Weight of the Research? Getting Off the Chronic Disease Merry-Go-Round: What s the Weight of the Research? Jody Dushay, MD MMSc Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Boston, MA Session 445 No disclosures Disclosure Jody Dushay,

More information

DIABETES & HEALTHY EATING

DIABETES & HEALTHY EATING DIABETES & HEALTHY EATING Food gives you the energy you need for healthy living. Your body changes most of the food you eat into a sugar called glucose. (glucose) Insulin helps your cells get the sugar

More information

NUTRITION OF THE BODY

NUTRITION OF THE BODY 5 Training Objectives:! Knowledge of the most important function of nutrients! Description of both, mechanism and function of gluconeogenesis! Knowledge of the difference between essential and conditionally

More information

Mediterranean diet: A heart-healthy eating plan Source: mayoclinic.org/mediterranean-diet

Mediterranean diet: A heart-healthy eating plan Source: mayoclinic.org/mediterranean-diet Mediterranean diet: A heart-healthy eating plan Source: mayoclinic.org/mediterranean-diet The heart-healthy Mediterranean is a healthy eating plan based on typical foods and recipes of Mediterranean-style

More information

PowerPoint Lecture Outlines prepared by Dr. Lana Zinger, QCC CUNY. 12a. FOCUS ON Your Risk for Diabetes. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

PowerPoint Lecture Outlines prepared by Dr. Lana Zinger, QCC CUNY. 12a. FOCUS ON Your Risk for Diabetes. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint Lecture Outlines prepared by Dr. Lana Zinger, QCC CUNY 12a FOCUS ON Your Risk for Diabetes Your Risk for Diabetes! Since 1980,Diabetes has increased by 50 %. Diabetes has increased by 70 percent

More information

Let s Talk Oils and Fats!

Let s Talk Oils and Fats! Lesson Overview Lesson Participants: School Nutrition Assistants/Technicians, School Nutrition Managers, Child and Adult Care Food Program Staff, Teachers Type of Lesson: Short, face-to-face training session

More information

Plant Based Diet. Christina Lichtinger, PharmD

Plant Based Diet. Christina Lichtinger, PharmD Plant Based Diet Christina Lichtinger, PharmD Plant based diets do not provide enough protein MYTH Dairy is required in the diet in order to consume enough calcium MYTH Sufficient Vitamin B12 is not available

More information

Foods with a high fat quality are essential for healthy diets. Dr. H. Zevenbergen Unilever Research&Development

Foods with a high fat quality are essential for healthy diets. Dr. H. Zevenbergen Unilever Research&Development Foods with a high fat quality are essential for healthy diets Dr. H. Zevenbergen Unilever Research&Development Agenda Main dietary sources of fat Basic technology and production of oils, margarines and

More information

Overview. Nutritional Aspects of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis. How does the liver affect nutritional status?

Overview. Nutritional Aspects of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis. How does the liver affect nutritional status? Overview Nutritional Aspects of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Tracy Burch, RD, CNSD Kovler Organ Transplant Center Northwestern Memorial Hospital Importance of nutrition therapy in PBC Incidence and pertinence

More information

UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION. PCOS Nutrition. Eat a Balanced Diet

UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION. PCOS Nutrition. Eat a Balanced Diet UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION PCOS Nutrition Eating for health when you have polycystic ovarian syndrome Eating to treat PCOS is not much different than how many people are advised to eat to be their healthiest.

More information

High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease. For People With CKD Stages 1 4

High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease. For People With CKD Stages 1 4 High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease For People With CKD Stages 1 4 National Kidney Foundation s Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI ) The National Kidney Foundation s Kidney

More information

Section C. Diet, Food Production, and Public Health

Section C. Diet, Food Production, and Public Health This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License. Your use of this material constitutes acceptance of that license and the conditions of use of materials on this

More information

YOUR LAST DIET IDEAL PROTEIN

YOUR LAST DIET IDEAL PROTEIN YOUR LAST DIET IDEAL PROTEIN OBJECTIVES Explain the science and history that supports the Ideal Protein Diet method. Describe the risks and benefits of diet participation. Give you the details of what

More information

Isagenix Clinical Research Summary Suk Cho, Ph.D., Eric Gumpricht, Ph.D., David Despain, M.Sc.

Isagenix Clinical Research Summary Suk Cho, Ph.D., Eric Gumpricht, Ph.D., David Despain, M.Sc. Isagenix Clinical Research Summary Suk Cho, Ph.D., Eric Gumpricht, Ph.D., David Despain, M.Sc. UIC study finds subjects on Isagenix products lost more body fat, lost more visceral fat, showed greater adherence,

More information

Development of a Glycemic Index Database for Dietary Assessment. Sally F. Schakel, Rebecca Schauer, John H. Himes, Lisa Harnack, Nancy Van Heel

Development of a Glycemic Index Database for Dietary Assessment. Sally F. Schakel, Rebecca Schauer, John H. Himes, Lisa Harnack, Nancy Van Heel Development of a Glycemic Index Database for Dietary Assessment Sally F. Schakel, Rebecca Schauer, John H. Himes, Lisa Harnack, Nancy Van Heel What is glycemic index? Applies only to carbohydrate foods.

More information

Why Pasta Is Healthy: Scientists Explain in Plain Language

Why Pasta Is Healthy: Scientists Explain in Plain Language Evidence of Pasta s Health Benefits There is a consistent and mounting accumulation of scientific evidence for the healthfulness of pasta and the pasta meal. The following pages include summaries of recent

More information

Food Sources of Omega-3 Fats

Food Sources of Omega-3 Fats Food Sources of Omega-3 Fats Information about Omega-3 Fats Omega-3 fats have many functions in our body and are important for good health. There are three kinds of omega-3 fats: o ALA (alpha-linolenic

More information

Nutritional Value of Peas, Lentils & Chickpeas

Nutritional Value of Peas, Lentils & Chickpeas Nutritional Value of Peas, Lentils & Chickpeas Presented by: Amy Myrdal Miller, MS, RDN Senior Director of Programs and Culinary Nutrition, Strategic Initiatives The Culinary Institute of America Presented

More information

Beating insulin resistance through lifestyle changes

Beating insulin resistance through lifestyle changes Beating insulin resistance through lifestyle changes This information is relevant to people at risk for type 2 diabetes, those who already have type 2 diabetes, pre- diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome

More information

The Holman Omega 3 Test Report www.omega3test.com

The Holman Omega 3 Test Report www.omega3test.com Date: 11/21/11 ID: 1285801 Patient: Andrea Crocker Sample Date: 10/17/11 The Holman Omega 3 Test Report www.omega3test.com Select Key Omega 3 and Omega 6 Fatty Acids Result () Typical USA (Control) ()

More information

February 2006. 23 Best Foods for Athletes

February 2006. 23 Best Foods for Athletes 23 Best Foods for Athletes February 2006 1. Beans Legumes a. Excellent source of fiber (important for keeping blood sugar and cholesterol levels under control). b. High in protein and a good source of

More information

top 5 fat burning tips by steve dennis

top 5 fat burning tips by steve dennis top 5 fat burning tips by steve dennis top 5 fat burning tips by steve dennis Are you frustrated about trying to lose body fat? Confused about what foods to eat? Do you often wonder why carbs are bad?

More information

The Holman Omega 3 Test Report www.omega3test.com

The Holman Omega 3 Test Report www.omega3test.com Date: 3/31/11 ID: 11387 Patient: Ben Bishop Sample Date: 3/22/11 The Holman Omega 3 Test Report www.omega3test.com Select Key Omega 3 and Omega 6 Fatty Acids Result () Typical USA (Control) () Percent

More information

Introduction Vitamin E is a nutrient and an antioxidant. Antioxidants are substances that may protect your cells from certain kinds of damage.

Introduction Vitamin E is a nutrient and an antioxidant. Antioxidants are substances that may protect your cells from certain kinds of damage. Vitamin E Introduction Vitamin E is a nutrient and an antioxidant. Antioxidants are substances that may protect your cells from certain kinds of damage. Not having enough vitamin E can cause many health

More information