Calcium and Vitamin D Nutrition in the Elderly. Functions of Calcium. OCW: Geriatric Dentistry (E. Krall)

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1 1. 2. Functions of Calcium Page - 1

2 3. Regulation of calcium: Hypocalcemia 4. Regulation of calcium: Hypercalcemia Page - 2

3 5. Calcium Homeostasis 6. Calcium absorption Page - 3

4 7. Some factors influencing calcium absorption 8. Some factors influencing calcium absorption Page - 4

5 9. Consequences of calcium insufficiency 10. Calcium intake and periodontal disease Page - 5

6 11. Vitamin D 12. Vitamin D Page - 6

7 13. Endogenous vitamin D production 14. Forms of vitamin D in serum Page - 7

8 15. Factors affecting Vitamin D status 16. Vitamin D production in skin by season Page - 8

9 17. Calcium and Vitamin D in the Elderly: Slide Calcium and Vitamin D in the Elderly: Slide 18 Page - 9

10 19. Diseases related to vitamin D deficiency 20. Calcium and Vitamin D in the Elderly: Slide 20 Page - 10

11 21. Calcium and Vitamin D in the Elderly: Slide Osteoporosis Page - 11

12 23. Normal bone 24. Bone Remodeling Page - 12

13 25. Uncoupling 26. Osteoporotic bone Page - 13

14 27. Vertebral fractures 28. Hip fractures Page - 14

15 29. Costs of osteoporosis 30. Causes of low bone density Page - 15

16 31. Bone mineral content changes with age 32. Risk factors for osteoporosis Page - 16

17 33. Risk factors for osteoporosis 34. Dietary risk factors for osteoporosis Page - 17

18 35. Calcium and D nutrition and bone 36. Dietary Recommendations Page - 18

19 37. Adequate Intakes 38. Dietary sources of Calcium Page - 19

20 39. Nutrient content of foods 40. Calcium and Vitamin D in the Elderly: Slide 40 Page - 20

21 41. Supplemental sources 42. Recommendations to Decrease Osteoporosis Risk Page - 21

22 43. Calcium and Vitamin D in the Elderly: Slide Eat a balanced diet Page - 22

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