Monday, September 10th

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Monday, September 10th"

Transcription

1 Monday, September 10th Review Chapter 11 iclicker Quiz #1 Chapter 12 Chapter 13(maybe) Group assignment Keep checking the class webpage at Go to the course tab then CHEM107 Lecture notes Naming chart Coming soon-quiz #1 and answer key Frequency: BB

2 Organic Compounds An organic compound typically contains carbon and hydrogen atoms, and may also contain other atoms, such as, O, S, N, P, or a halogen (F, Cl, Br and I). Propane, C 3 H 8

3 Properties of Organic Compounds Many organic compounds are nonpolar and have weak attractions between molecules. have low melting and boiling points. are not soluble in water. are less dense than water. are highly flammable. Oil (organic) and water (inorganic)

4 Alkanes Contain only C-C and C-H bonds Saturated hydrocarbons Methane CH 4 Ethane C 2 H 6 Propane C 3 H 8 Butane C 4 H 10 Pentane C 5 H 12 Hexane C 6 H 14 Heptane C 7 H 16 Octane C 8 H 18 Nonane C 9 H 20 Decane C 10 H 22 CH 4 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2

5 Naming Alkanes with Substituents

6 What Is in a Name? The structural formula is drawn from the IUPAC name. 2,4-dimethylhexane 2,4 dimethyl hexane Location of Two - groups 6-carbon main chain branches on attached with single C C carbon main chain atoms

7 Isomers of Pentane (C 5 H 12 ) Isomers of pentane have the same molecular formula. have different structural arrangements. consist of a straight chain and two branched chains.

8 Structures of Cycloalkanes Cycloalkanes are named by using the prefix cyclo- before the name of the alkane chain.

9 iclicker Quiz #1 Take out your iclicker! If you do not have an iclicker yet, get a piece of paper. Frequency: BB

10 Back to Chapter 11.4

11 Combustion of Alkanes Alkanes contain single C C bonds which are difficult to break. are the least reactive group of organic compounds. burn readily in the presence of oxygen. undergo combustion to produce carbon dioxide, water, and energy.

12 Combustion of Alkanes We use methane gas to cook food and heat homes. Propane gas is used in portable heaters and gas barbecues. Our cells get energy from the combustion of glucose.

13 Balancing a Combustion Write the equation: Equation Balance C: Balance H: Balance O with O 2 :

14 Crude Oil Hydrocarbons in crude oil are separated by their different boiling points in a process called fractional distillation which removes groups of hydrocarbons by continually heating the mixture to higher temperatures.

15 Crude Oil

16 Elements in Organic Compounds In organic molecules, carbon atoms can form bonds with atoms of O, S, N, P, or halogens, F, Cl, and Br Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 11, Section 4 16

17 Functional Groups Functional groups are a characteristic feature of organic molecules that behave in a predictable way. are composed of an atom or a group of atoms. are groups that replace a H in the corresponding alkane. provide a way to classify families of organic compounds. 17

18 Some Functional Groups 18

19 Alkenes and Alkynes Alkenes contain a double bond between adjacent carbon atoms. C C Alkynes contain a triple bond. C C Aromatic compounds contain a benzene ring Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 11, Section 5 19

20 Alcohols, Thiols, and Ethers An alcohol contains the hydroxyl ( OH) functional group. H 3 C CH 2 OH Thiols contain a thiol ( SH) functional group. H 3 C CH 2 SH In an ether, an oxygen atom is bonded to two carbon atoms ( C O C ). Thiol H 3 C O 20

21 Aldehydes and Ketones An aldehyde contains a carbonyl group (C=O), which is a carbon atom with a double bond to an oxygen atom, attached to at least one hydrogen atom. H 3 C O C H In a ketone, the carbon of the carbonyl group is attached to two other carbon atoms. O C H 3 C 21

22 Carboxylic Acids and Esters Carboxylic acids contain the carboxyl group, which is a carbonyl group attached to a hydroxyl group. An ester contains the carboxyl group between carbon atoms. O H 3 C O C OH H 3 C C O 22

23 Amines and Amides In an amine, the functional group is a nitrogen atom. H 3 C N H H 3 C N H H 3 C N H In an amide, the hydroxyl group of a carboxylic acid is replaced by a nitrogen group. O H 3 C C NH Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 11, Section 4 23

24 iclicker Questions 1. Classify each of the following as alcohol, ether, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, or amine. a) anime b) alcohol c) ester d) carboxylic acid e) ether HO CH 2 CH 2 24

25 iclicker Questions 2. Classify each of the following as alcohol, ether, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, or amine. a) anime b) alcohol c) ester d) carboxylic acid e) ether H 3 C O CH 2

26 iclicker Questions 3. Classify each of the following as alcohol, ether, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, or amine. a) anime b) alcohol c) ester d) carboxylic acid e) ether H 3 C CH 2 NH 2

27 iclicker Questions 4. Classify each of the following as alcohol, ether, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, or amine. O a) anime b) alcohol c) ester d) carboxylic acid e) ether H 3 C C OH

28 iclicker Questions 5. Classify each of the following as alcohol, ether, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, or amine. O a) anime b) alcohol c) ester d) carboxylic acid e) ether H 3 C C O

29 Solutions Classify each of the following as alcohol, ether, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, or amine. A. B. C. D. E. HO CH 2 CH 2 H 3 C O CH 2 H 3 C CH 2 NH 2 O H 3 C C OH O H 3 C C O alcohol ether amine carboxylic acid ester 29

30 Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Unsaturated hydrocarbons do not contain the maximum number of hydrogen atoms that could be attached to each carbon atom. are alkenes when they contain double C=C bonds. are alkynes when they contain triple C C bonds. nskis/courses/chem107/tabi d/12265/default.aspx

31 iclicker Questions 1. Identify the following compound as an alkane, alkene, or alkyne. a) alkane b) alkene c) alkyne

32 iclicker Questions 2. Identify the following compound as an alkane, alkene, or alkyne. a) alkane b) alkene c) alkyne

33 iclicker Questions 3. Identify the following compound as an alkane, alkene, or alkyne. a) alkane b) alkene c) alkyne

34 iclicker Questions 4. Identify each of the following compounds as an alkane, alkene, or alkyne. a) alkane b) alkene c) alkyne

35 Solution Identify each of the following compounds as an alkane, alkene, or alkyne. A. alkyne B. alkene C. alkene D. alkane

36 Naming Alkenes and Alkynes The names of alkenes and alkynes use the corresponding alkane name for the longest carbon chain. change the ending from ane to ene for an alkene, ane to yne for an alkyne. Chapter 11, Section Pearson Education, Inc. 36

37 Guide to Naming Alkenes and Alkynes

38 Naming Alkenes and Alkynes Write the IUPAC name for the following. A. B. Step 1 Name the longest carbon chain that contains the double or triple bond. Analyze the Problem. Functional Group Class IUPAC Naming A. Double bond Alkene Replace ane of alkane with ene B. Triple bond Alkyne Replace ane of alkane with yne IUPAC Name Alkene Alkyne

39 Naming Alkenes and Alkynes Write the IUPAC name for the following. A. B. Step 1 Name the longest carbon chain that contains the double or triple bond. A. B. butene heptyne

40 Naming Alkenes and Alkynes Write the IUPAC name for the following. A. B. Step 2 Number the carbon chain from the end nearer the double or triple bond. A B butene 2 heptyne

41 Naming Alkenes and Alkynes Write the IUPAC name for A. B. Step 3 Give the location and name of each substituent (alphabetical order) as a prefix to the alkene or alkyne name. A. B butene methyl 2 heptyne

42 Naming Cycloalkenes When naming a cycloalkene, if there are no substituents, the double bond does not need a number. if there is a substituent, the carbons in the double bond are numbered as 1 and 2, and the ring is numbered from carbon 2 in the direction that will give the lower number to the substituent. cyclopentene 3-methylcyclohexene 3 1 2

43 Learning Check Write the IUPAC name for the following compounds. CH A. 3 C CH CH 2 B. HC C CH

44 Solution Write the IUPAC name for the following compounds. A. B. C CH CH 2 HC C CH Step 1 Name the longest carbon chain that contains the double or triple bond. A. B. C CH CH 2 HC C CH pentene butyne

45 Solution Write the IUPAC name for the following compounds. A. B. C CH CH 2 HC C CH Step 2 Number the main chain from the end nearer the double or triple bond. CH A. C CH CH B. HC C CH CH pentene 1-butyne

46 Solution Write the IUPAC name for the following compounds. A. B. C CH CH 2 HC C CH Step 3 Give the location and name of each substituent (alphabetical order) as a prefix to the alkene or alkyne name A. C CH CH 2 B. 5 2-methyl-2-pentene HC C CH methyl-1-butyne

47 Learning Check Draw the condensed structural formula for each of the following. A. 2-hexyne B. 3-methyl-3-hexene

48 Solution Draw the condensed structural formula for each of the following. A. 2-hexyne B. 3-methyl-3-hexene

49 Cis and Trans Isomers Cis and trans isomers have the same formula, but different physical and chemical properties. occur because double bonds in alkenes are rigid and cannot rotate. We add the prefix cis or trans to denote whether the atoms bonded to the carbon atoms are on the same side or the opposite sides of the double bond.

50 Cis Trans Isomers Cis trans isomers occur when different groups are attached to the carbon atoms in a double bond. In a cis isomer, groups are attached on the same side of the double bond. In the trans isomer, the groups are attached on opposite sides of the double bond.

51 Cis Trans Isomerism Cis trans isomers do not occur if one of the carbon atoms in the double bond has identical groups. (neither cis nor trans) (neither cis nor trans)

52 Naming Cis Trans Isomers The prefixes cis- or trans- are placed in front of the alkene name when there are cis trans isomers. cis- trans- Br Br Br H C C C C H H H Br cis-1,2-dibromoethene trans-1,2-dibromoethene

53 Alkenes: Drawing Cis Trans Isomers Draw the cis and trans isomers of 2-hexene. We start by drawing the condensed structural formula. Because two different groups are attached to each carbon on the double bond, we can draw cis and trans isomers for this compound.

54 Alkenes: Drawing Cis Trans Isomers Draw the cis and trans isomers of 2-hexene.

55 Learning Check Name each, using cis trans prefixes when needed. Br A. C C H Br H H B. H C C Cl C. C C H Cl

56 Solution Name each, using cis trans prefixes when needed. Br Br A. H C C H cis-1,2-dibromoethene H B. H C C trans-2-butene Cl C. H C C Cl 1,1-Dichloropropene Identical atoms; no cis or trans

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes. Organic Chemistry. 10.1 Organic Compounds. Organic vs. Inorganic.

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes. Organic Chemistry. 10.1 Organic Compounds. Organic vs. Inorganic. Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes 10.1 Organic Compounds Organic Chemistry An organic compound is a compound made from carbon atoms. has one or more C atoms. has many H atoms. may also

More information

Chapter: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes

Chapter: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes Chapter: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes Organic Chemistry An organic compound is a compound made from carbon atoms. has one or more C atoms. has many H atoms. may also contain O, S, N, and

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. CHM 210 Chemistry Homework #6 Alkanes (Ch. 10) Due: MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Compounds that have the same molecular formula

More information

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes hapter 10 Introduction to Organic hemistry: Alkanes 1 Organic hemistry An organic compound is a compound made from carbon atoms has one or more atoms has many atoms may also contain O, S, N, and halogens

More information

2. Organic Compounds: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes. Based on McMurry s Organic Chemistry, 6 th edition, Chapter 3

2. Organic Compounds: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes. Based on McMurry s Organic Chemistry, 6 th edition, Chapter 3 2. Organic Compounds: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes Based on McMurry s Organic Chemistry, 6 th edition, Chapter 3 Families of Organic Compounds Organic compounds can be grouped into families by their common

More information

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes. Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, Eleventh Edition

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes. Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, Eleventh Edition 1 hapter 10 Introduction to Organic hemistry: Alkanes Organic hemistry and Organic ompounds 2 An organic compound is a compound made from carbon atoms has one or more atoms has many atoms may also contain

More information

Last Time: Alkanes (C n H 2n+2 ) Last Time: Organic Compounds. Last Time: Intermolecular Forces- BP Increases w/ Increasing Size

Last Time: Alkanes (C n H 2n+2 ) Last Time: Organic Compounds. Last Time: Intermolecular Forces- BP Increases w/ Increasing Size Announcements & Agenda (0/02/07) Welcome Visitors! Please make yourselves comfortable; we will start with a quiz Mid-term grades are only based on lecture I will give you detailed grade sheets on Monday

More information

AP Chemistry Chapter 22 - Organic Chemistry

AP Chemistry Chapter 22 - Organic Chemistry AP Chemistry Chapter - Organic Chemistry.1 Alkanes: Saturated Hydrocarbons A. Straight-chain Hydrocarbons 1. Straight-chain alkanes have the formula C n H n+. Carbons are sp hybridized The First 10 Alkanes

More information

Chapter 11 Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Alkenes and Alkynes

Chapter 11 Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Alkenes and Alkynes 1 Chapter 11 Unsaturated ydrocarbons Alkenes and Alkynes Saturated ydrocarbons 2 Saturated hydrocarbons have the maximum number of hydrogen atoms attached to each carbon atom are alkanes and cycloalkanes

More information

Chapter 25 The Chemistry of Life: Organic Chemistry. 25.1 Some General Characteristics of Organic Molecules

Chapter 25 The Chemistry of Life: Organic Chemistry. 25.1 Some General Characteristics of Organic Molecules Chapter 25 The Chemistry of Life: Organic Chemistry general characteristics of organic molecules introduction to hydrocarbons alkanes unsaturated hydrocarbons functional groups: alcohols and ethers compounds

More information

AP Chemistry Chapter 22 - Organic and Biological Molecules

AP Chemistry Chapter 22 - Organic and Biological Molecules AP Chemistry Chapter - Organic and Biological Molecules.1 Alkanes: Saturated Hydrocarbons A. Straight-chain Hydrocarbons 1. Straight-chain alkanes have the formula C n H n+. Carbons are sp hybridized The

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) All of the following statements are general properties of organic compounds except The bonds are

More information

UNIT (7) ORGANIC COMPOUNDS: HYDROCARBONS

UNIT (7) ORGANIC COMPOUNDS: HYDROCARBONS UNIT (7) ORGANIC COMPOUNDS: YDROCARBONS Organic chemistry is the study carbon containing compounds. 7.1 Bonding in Organic Compounds Organic compounds are made up of only a few elements and the bonding

More information

Show the bonding patterns and the approximate shapes of the molecules Each covalent bond is represented by a between atoms

Show the bonding patterns and the approximate shapes of the molecules Each covalent bond is represented by a between atoms PACKET 10: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY The study of and its compounds Carbon atoms form bonds not only with atoms of other elements, but they also form bonds with other carbon atoms. The number of organic compounds

More information

Organic Chemistry Chapter Assignment & Problem Set

Organic Chemistry Chapter Assignment & Problem Set Name Warm-Ups (Show your work for credit) Date 1. Date 2. Date 3. Date 4. Date 5. Date 6. Date 7. Date 8. 2 Study Guide: Things You Must Know Vocabulary (know the definition and what it means): organic

More information

Chapter 11 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes

Chapter 11 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes Chapter 11 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes 11.1 Organic Compounds Copyright 2007 by Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Benjamin Cummings 1 Organic Compounds An organic compound Is a compound

More information

Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes. Alkanes

Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes. Alkanes Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes Alkanes Single bonds between carbon atoms General formula: C n H (2n+2) The maximum amount of hydrogen atoms are bonded so alkanes are referred to as saturated 1 IUPAC name Molecular

More information

Nomenclature International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC)

Nomenclature International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) Nomenclature International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) I. Alkanes A. Alkanes: Simple-Chain Alkanes consist of only hydrogen and carbon molecules and are known to be the simplest type of

More information

Nomenclature of organic compounds

Nomenclature of organic compounds P.1 Nomenclature of organic compounds A. Alkanes (C n H 2n+2 ) i. The following table give the names of some root names different number of carbon atoms of hydrocarbon. CH 4 methane C 6 H 14 hexane C 2

More information

Functional group - collection of atoms at a site within a molecule with a common bonding pattern The group reacts in a typical way, generally

Functional group - collection of atoms at a site within a molecule with a common bonding pattern The group reacts in a typical way, generally Functional Groups Functional group - collection of atoms at a site within a molecule with a common bonding pattern The group reacts in a typical way, generally independent of the rest of the molecule For

More information

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. C 17 H 21 NO 4 cocaine C 10 H 14 N 2 nicotine

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. C 17 H 21 NO 4 cocaine C 10 H 14 N 2 nicotine ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Organic Compounds: Contain carbon atoms usually bonded with other carbon and hydrogen atoms (they can contain other atoms especially halogens such as nitrogen and oxygen) Organic Chemistry:

More information

Pre-lab 2: Naming and Modeling Organic Compounds

Pre-lab 2: Naming and Modeling Organic Compounds Name: Pre-lab 2: Naming and Modeling Organic Compounds Section: Read the background information and answer the following questions before lab. 1. Write the electron-dot formula for ethane and determine

More information

Topic 7 National 4 & 5 Chemistry Summary Notes. Hydrocarbons

Topic 7 National 4 & 5 Chemistry Summary Notes. Hydrocarbons Topic 7 National 4 & 5 Chemistry Summary Notes Hydrocarbons A vast number of different hydrocarbons exist and so chemists have grouped them into sub-sets to make them easier to study. In this topic we

More information

Unit Vocabulary: o Organic Acid o Alcohol. o Ester o Ether. o Amine o Aldehyde

Unit Vocabulary: o Organic Acid o Alcohol. o Ester o Ether. o Amine o Aldehyde Unit Vocabulary: Addition rxn Esterification Polymer Alcohol Ether Polymerization Aldehyde Fermentation Primary Alkane Functional group Saponification Alkene Halide (halocarbon) Saturated hydrocarbon Alkyne

More information

Name: Class: Date: SHORT ANSWER Answer the following questions in the space provided.

Name: Class: Date: SHORT ANSWER Answer the following questions in the space provided. CHAPTER 22 REVIEW Organic Chemistry SECTION 1 SHORT ANSWER Answer the following questions in the space provided. 1. Name two types of carbon-containing molecules that are not organic. 2. Carbon atoms form

More information

CHM 100 CHEMISTRY MAN & ENVIRONMENT Organic Chemistry Sample Test

CHM 100 CHEMISTRY MAN & ENVIRONMENT Organic Chemistry Sample Test CHM 100 CHEMISTRY MAN & ENVIRONMENT Organic Chemistry Sample Test Multiple Choice: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of these is the correct name for

More information

Chapter 11 Organic Compounds: Alkanes

Chapter 11 Organic Compounds: Alkanes Spencer L. Seager Michael R. Slabaugh www.cengage.com/chemistry/seager Chapter 11 Organic Compounds: Alkanes Jennifer P. Harris ORGANIC COMPOUNDS In 1828, Friedrich Wöhler first synthesized an organic

More information

Chapter 11 Organic Chemistry. The study of the compounds of carbon

Chapter 11 Organic Chemistry. The study of the compounds of carbon Chapter 11 Organic Chemistry The study of the compounds of carbon Some Properties Typical of Organic Compounds Organic compounds form covalent bonds have low melting points and boiling points tend to be

More information

Organic Part 2. Reactivity of hydrocarbons addition reactions combustion reactions. Mary J. Bojan Chem 110

Organic Part 2. Reactivity of hydrocarbons addition reactions combustion reactions. Mary J. Bojan Chem 110 rganic Part 2 ydrocarbons 1. Alkanes: all single bonds 2. Alkenes: saturated v. unsaturated structural isomers geometric isomers 3. Alkynes: 4. Aromatic hydrocarbons eactivity of hydrocarbons addition

More information

Unit 2: Nature s Chemistry

Unit 2: Nature s Chemistry Unit 2: Nature s Chemistry 1. A Fuel is a substance which burns giving out energy. 2. Oxygen is needed for anything to burn 3. Combustion is another name for burning Test for Oxygen - Relights a glowing

More information

Chapter Thirteen. Alkenes, Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds

Chapter Thirteen. Alkenes, Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds Chapter Thirteen Alkenes, Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds Saturated: A molecule whose carbon atoms bond to the maximum number of hydrogen atoms. Unsaturated: A molecule that contains a carbon carbon multiple

More information

Number of carbon atoms. 3 propane 8 octane. 4 butane 9 nonane. 5 pentane 10 decane

Number of carbon atoms. 3 propane 8 octane. 4 butane 9 nonane. 5 pentane 10 decane Name: Date: Pd: Accelerated Chemistry - Naming Hydrocarbons Alkane Nomenclature 1. Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons, with each C bonded to as many atoms as possible (4 other atoms, C or H). For example,

More information

Page 1. Name: 1) Which of the following is the structural formula for an unsaturated compound?

Page 1. Name: 1) Which of the following is the structural formula for an unsaturated compound? Name: 1) Which of the following is the structural formula for an unsaturated compound? 4942-1 - Page 1 2) Which structural formula represents a saturated compound? 3) Given the compound: The symbol represents

More information

Alkanes. Chapter 1.1

Alkanes. Chapter 1.1 Alkanes Chapter 1.1 Organic Chemistry The study of carbon-containing compounds and their properties What s so special about carbon? Carbon has 4 bonding electrons. Thus, it can form 4 strong covalent bonds

More information

Alkenes and Alkynes. Consider these structural formulas for isomers of C 5 H 10 :

Alkenes and Alkynes. Consider these structural formulas for isomers of C 5 H 10 : Alkenes and Alkynes In organic chemistry, the term saturated refers to organic compounds which contain single carbon to carbon bonds or which have the maximum number of hydrogen atoms bonded to carbon

More information

Chapter 2: Structure and Properties of Organic Molecules

Chapter 2: Structure and Properties of Organic Molecules Chapter 2: Structure and Properties of Organic Molecules Atomic Orbitals (2.1-2.5) Wave functions that represent the probability of finding electrons in a specific region of space s, p, d, f orbitals In

More information

Organic Chemistry. The Magic of Carbon

Organic Chemistry. The Magic of Carbon Organic Chemistry The Magic of Carbon Carbon What s special about carbon? 1. Forms 4 bonds. 2. It s bonds are stable, but not too stable. 3. It can covalently bond to numerous other elements. Why is that

More information

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. 2. Generally have melting points and boiling points. 4. Most are and tend to dissolve in non-polar solvents

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. 2. Generally have melting points and boiling points. 4. Most are and tend to dissolve in non-polar solvents ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Organic Chemistry is the study of carbon and most carbon compounds. Elemental carbon is found in nature as a solid. However, this solid can make many different forms, such as diamond

More information

Organic Molecules and Functional Groups

Organic Molecules and Functional Groups Functional Groups A functional group is an atom or a group of atoms with characteristic chemical and physical properties. It is the reactive part of a molecule. Organic compounds having only C C and C

More information

CORE ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

CORE ORGANIC CHEMISTRY MODULE 4 CORE ORGANIC CHEMISTRY CHEMISTRY NOTES I have designed and compiled these beautiful notes to provide a detailed but concise summary of this module. I have spent a lot of time perfecting the content

More information

HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS

HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS 22 HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS SECTION 22.1 HYDROCARBONS (pages 693 701) This section describes the bonding in hydrocarbons and distinguishes straight-chain from branched-chain alkanes. It also provides rules

More information

Topic 13: Organic Chemistry

Topic 13: Organic Chemistry Topic 13: Organic Chemistry Organic Chemistry: is the study of carbon and its compounds. All living things are made up of organic compounds. organic compounds must have carbon (and hydrogen) carbon has

More information

Last Time: Neutralization Equations

Last Time: Neutralization Equations Announcements & Agenda (0/8/07) You should be reading Ch 10! and Ch 11! Open review today @ pm! Quiz on Friday! Today Introduction to Organic Chemistry (10.1) Alkanes (10.), Properties of Alkanes (10.4)

More information

Question Bank Organic Chemistry-I

Question Bank Organic Chemistry-I Question Bank Organic Chemistry-I 1. (a) What do you understand by the following terms : (i) Organic chemistry (ii) Organic compounds (iii) Catenation? [3] (b) Why are there very large number of organic

More information

Chem 401 Lab Exercise #5 Nomenclature Worksheet for Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

Chem 401 Lab Exercise #5 Nomenclature Worksheet for Alkanes and Cycloalkanes hem 401 Lab Exercise #5 Nomenclature Worksheet for Alkanes and ycloalkanes Structure and Nomenclature of Alkanes Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons; that is, they contain only and which are bonded solely

More information

CH102 Practice Exam #1 WAY longer than actual exam, answers are at the end

CH102 Practice Exam #1 WAY longer than actual exam, answers are at the end CH102 Practice Exam #1 WAY longer than actual exam, answers are at the end True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement true or false. 1. Organic chemtry can be defined as the chemtry of carbon-containing

More information

3/9/2012. First Ten Alkanes. Simple Organic Chemistry Basic Structure and Nomenclature. (Nomenclature) Rules for Naming Alkanes.

3/9/2012. First Ten Alkanes. Simple Organic Chemistry Basic Structure and Nomenclature. (Nomenclature) Rules for Naming Alkanes. C Simple Organic Chemistry Basic Structure and Nomenclature First Ten Alkanes Formula Name Formula Name CH4 Methane C6H14 Hexane C2H5 Ethane C7H16 Heptane C3H8 Propane C8H18 Octane C4H10 Butane C9H20 Nonane

More information

Name Date Class STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY. Alkanes In your textbook, read about organic chemistry, hydrocarbons, and straight-chain alkanes.

Name Date Class STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY. Alkanes In your textbook, read about organic chemistry, hydrocarbons, and straight-chain alkanes. ydrocarbons Section 22.1 Alkanes In your textbook, read about organic chemistry, hydrocarbons, and straight-chain alkanes. Use each of the terms below just once to complete the passage. hydrocarbons homologous

More information

ALKENES, ALKYNES and AROMATIC COMPOUNDS Chapter 13

ALKENES, ALKYNES and AROMATIC COMPOUNDS Chapter 13 ALKENES, ALKYNES and AROMATIC COMPOUNDS Chapter 13 13.1 Introduction An ALKENE is a hydrocarbon with a double C bond that looks like C=C An ALKYNE is a hydrocarbon with a triple C bond that looks like

More information

CHEM 102 Winter 10 Exam 1(a)

CHEM 102 Winter 10 Exam 1(a) CHEM 102 Winter 10 Exam 1(a) On the answer sheet (scantron) write your Name, Student ID Number, and Recitation Section Number. Choose the best (most correct) answer for each question AND ENTER IT ON YOUR

More information

SAMPLE PROBLEM Naming Alcohols SOLUTION. STUDY CHECK Give the IUPAC name for the following: Give the IUPAC name for the following:

SAMPLE PROBLEM Naming Alcohols SOLUTION. STUDY CHECK Give the IUPAC name for the following: Give the IUPAC name for the following: Naming Alcohols Give the IUPAC name for the following: SAMPLE PROBLEM 13.1 STEP 1 Name the longest carbon chain containing the OH group. The parent chain is pentane; the alcohol is named pentanol. STEP

More information

HISTORY OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

HISTORY OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY HISTORY OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY In the early days of chemistry, scientists classified chemical substances into 2 groups: 1. Inorganic: those that were composed of minerals, such as rocks and nonliving matter.

More information

Chapter 13 Organic Chemistry

Chapter 13 Organic Chemistry Chapter 13 Organic Chemistry 13-1. Carbon Bonds 13-2. Alkanes 13-3. Petroleum Products 13-4. Structural Formulas 13-5. Isomers 13-6. Unsaturated Hydrocarbons 13-7. Benzene 13-8. Hydrocarbon Groups 13-9.

More information

9/20/2010. Functional Groups. Functional Groups. Functional Groups

9/20/2010. Functional Groups. Functional Groups. Functional Groups Functional Groups Functional group A given functional group behaves in nearly the same way in every molecule it is a part of The chemistry of every organic molecule, regardless of size and complexity,

More information

Name Review Organic Reactions

Name Review Organic Reactions Name Review Organic Reactions Date 1. A molecule of a compound contains a total of 10 hydrogen atoms and has the general formula CnH2n+2. Which prefix is used in the name of this compound? A) but- B) dec-

More information

Organic Compounds. Carbon can form a wide variety of compounds with many unique and distinct properties because:

Organic Compounds. Carbon can form a wide variety of compounds with many unique and distinct properties because: Organic Compounds Organic compounds covalently bonded compounds usually containing the element carbon. EXCEPTION: carbonates and oxides are inorganic compounds. Carbon can form a wide variety of compounds

More information

Mr. Kent s Organic Chemistry Unit Notes I Basic Concepts

Mr. Kent s Organic Chemistry Unit Notes I Basic Concepts Mr. Kent s Organic Chemistry Unit Notes I Basic Concepts A. Organic Chemistry-The study of containing compounds. 1. They occur extensively in nature because all living things are made of containing compounds.

More information

Organic Chemistry Questions

Organic Chemistry Questions Organic Chemistry Questions 1 Molecules of 1-propanol and 2-propanol have different (1) percentage compositions (2) molecular masses (3) molecular formulas (4) structural formulas 2 Which compound is an

More information

Chapter 12 Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

Chapter 12 Unsaturated Hydrocarbons hapter 12 Unsaturated ydrocarbons 12.1 Alkenes and Alkynes opyright 2007 by Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Benjamin ummings Unsaturated ydrocarbons Unsaturated hydrocarbons ave fewer hydrogen atoms

More information

Holt Chemistry Chapter 19 Carbon and Organic Compounds

Holt Chemistry Chapter 19 Carbon and Organic Compounds 19-1 Alkanes Describe the structures of alkanes. Name an alkane by examining its structure. Draw the structure of an alkane given its name. Holt Chemistry Chapter 19 Carbon and Organic Compounds A. Organic

More information

Alkanes. Hydrocarbons. Structural Isomers. Butane Isomers. Contain only carbon and hydrogen

Alkanes. Hydrocarbons. Structural Isomers. Butane Isomers. Contain only carbon and hydrogen ydrocarbons Alkanes ontain only carbon and hydrogen ydrocarbons Alkanes Alkenes Alkynes Aromatics General formula n 2n+2 Each carbon is sp 3 hybridized Bond angles are 109.5 o Methane Ethane Propane Butane

More information

Organic Chemistry: The Infinite Variety of Carbon Compounds

Organic Chemistry: The Infinite Variety of Carbon Compounds Chapter 9 Organic Chemistry: The Infinite Variety of Carbon Compounds Organic Chemistry Organic chemistry is defined as the chemistry of carbon compounds. Of tens of millions of known chemical compounds,

More information

Organic Chemistry. Hydrocarbons. Introduction to Organic Molecules. The simplest organic molecules containing only carbon and hydrogen atoms

Organic Chemistry. Hydrocarbons. Introduction to Organic Molecules. The simplest organic molecules containing only carbon and hydrogen atoms Introduction to Organic Molecules Organic Chemistry: (1828) Friedrich Wohler first synthesized an organic compound from an inorganic source leading to the birth of Organic Chemistry. Organic chemistry

More information

Chapter 23, Organic Chemistry

Chapter 23, Organic Chemistry Chapter 23, Organic Chemistry I. The Nature of Organic Molecules A. C is tetravalent. Implications? B. C forms covalent bonds. Could you have predicted? 1. Non-polar 2. Polar C. C forms single, double,

More information

Chapter 24 Organic Chemistry

Chapter 24 Organic Chemistry Chapter 24 Organic Chemistry Student: 1. The general formula for alkenes is A. C n H 2n+2 B. C 2n H 2n C. C n H n+2 D. C n H 2n E. C n H 2n-2 2. The general formula of an alkane is A. C n H 2n B. C n H

More information

Chapter 9 Organic Chemistry

Chapter 9 Organic Chemistry Chemistry for Changing Times 11 th Edition Hill and Kolb Chapter 9 Organic Chemistry John Singer Jackson Community College, Jackson, MI 2007 Prentice Hall Organic Chemistry Organic chemistry is defined

More information

3. Name the following compound using the IUPAC nomenclature system.

3. Name the following compound using the IUPAC nomenclature system. CHEM 102 Winter 07 Exam 1 On the answer sheet (scantron) write your Name, Student ID Number, and Recitation Section Number. Choose the best (most correct) answer for each question AND ENTER IT ON YOUR

More information

3) A compound that is composed of only carbon and hydrogen is known as a(n): A) homolog B) isomer C) carbohydrate D) hydrocarbon Answer: D

3) A compound that is composed of only carbon and hydrogen is known as a(n): A) homolog B) isomer C) carbohydrate D) hydrocarbon Answer: D Chapter 4 Introduction to Organic Compounds 4.1 Multiple-Choice 1) The compound CH3(CH2)5CH3 is called: hexane pentane heptane octane 2) The compound CH3(CH2)4CH3 is called: hexane pentane heptane butane

More information

Organic Chemistry. Organic Chemistry Table. Alkane Single bond - Propane. Alkene Double bond = Propene. Alkyne Triple bond Propyne

Organic Chemistry. Organic Chemistry Table. Alkane Single bond - Propane. Alkene Double bond = Propene. Alkyne Triple bond Propyne Organic Chemistry Organic Chemistry Table Homologous Series Functional Group Structure of Group Name Example Alkane Single bond - Propane Alkene Double bond = Propene Alkyne Triple bond Propyne Chloroalkane

More information

Answers to Review #3: Naming, Physical Properties and Reactions of Organic Compounds (Chap.1 & 2)

Answers to Review #3: Naming, Physical Properties and Reactions of Organic Compounds (Chap.1 & 2) Answers to Review #3: Naming, Physical Properties and Reactions of Organic Compounds (Chap.1 & 2) 1. Name the following organic compounds using their IUPAC names. Identify the type (family) of each compound.

More information

Survival Organic Chemistry Part I: Molecular Models

Survival Organic Chemistry Part I: Molecular Models Survival Organic Chemistry Part I: Molecular Models The goal in this laboratory experience is to get you so you can easily and quickly move between empirical formulas, molecular formulas, condensed formulas,

More information

Chapter 22, Organic Chemistry

Chapter 22, Organic Chemistry Chapter 22, Organic Chemistry I. The Nature of Organic Molecules A. C is tetravalent. Implications? B. C forms covalent bonds. Could you have predicted? 1. Non-polar 2. Polar C. C forms single, double,

More information

HYDROCARBONS. Methane is the smallest hydrocarbon with the chemical formula of CH 4 and the structural formula of H C H.

HYDROCARBONS. Methane is the smallest hydrocarbon with the chemical formula of CH 4 and the structural formula of H C H. YDROCARBONS What is Organic Chemistry? Organic chemistry is the chemistry of compounds containing carbon. Examples include carbon dioxide, carbohydrates, proteins, fats, alcohol, rubber, petrol, plastics

More information

Introduction to the Structures of Organic Molecules and Modeling their Shapes

Introduction to the Structures of Organic Molecules and Modeling their Shapes Introduction to the Structures of Organic Molecules and Objectives The objectives for this lab are: Part I: To learn the structures and construct models of simple organic molecules and draw their projection

More information

National 5 Unit Hydrocarbons 2. Consumer Products 3. Energy from Fuels. Homework Booklet

National 5 Unit Hydrocarbons 2. Consumer Products 3. Energy from Fuels. Homework Booklet National 5 Unit 2 1. Hydrocarbons 2. Consumer Products 3. Energy from Fuels Homework Booklet 1 Exercise 1 Revision Cracking 1. a) Paraffin a hydrocarbon. What are the products of burning paraffin in a

More information

Essential Organic Chemistry

Essential Organic Chemistry Essential Organic Chemistry Reading: Ch. 3 (up to and including section 3.12) Practice problems: problems in text and 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 41, 42, 45, 46, 52, 54, 56, 59, 61 An Introduction to Organic Compounds:

More information

Classifying Hydrocarbons

Classifying Hydrocarbons Classifying Hydrocarbons alkanes- single C-C bonds, if all C s have H s attached, molecules are called hydrocarbons alkenes- have one or more C=C bonds alkynes- have one or more CΞC bonds alkenes & alkynes

More information

Chem 11 Spring 2012 Practice Test 3

Chem 11 Spring 2012 Practice Test 3 Chem 11 Spring 2012 Practice Test 3 1) In the three-dimensional structure of methane, CH 4, the hydrogen atoms attached to a carbon atom are aligned A) in a straight line. B) at the corners of a square.

More information

Fuels. sea bed. land. 7. When sulfur dioxide reacts with water in the atmosphere, acid rain is produced.

Fuels. sea bed. land. 7. When sulfur dioxide reacts with water in the atmosphere, acid rain is produced. Fuels 1. What is meant by the term fuel? 2. Name the gas required for a fuel to burn. 3. Give another name for burning. 3. What is meant by the term exothermic? 4. Oil is a fossil fuel. Name another two

More information

Chapter 25. Organic and

Chapter 25. Organic and , The Central Science, 11th edition Theodore L. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay, Jr.; and Bruce E. Bursten Chapter 25 John D. Bookstaver St. Charles Community College Cottleville, MO Organic Organic chemistry is

More information

Organic Chemistry Ms. Harrison 1 Section VII - Regents Prep

Organic Chemistry Ms. Harrison 1 Section VII - Regents Prep Organic hemistry 1. Which compound is a saturated (1) propanal (3) propene (2) propane (4) propyne 2. The isomers butane and methylpropane differ in their (1) molecular formulas (2) structural formulas

More information

Organic Chemistry review

Organic Chemistry review Organic hemistry review Name: ate: 1 Which formula represents an unsaturated hydrocarbon? 6 Organic compounds differ from inorganic compounds in that organic compounds generally have O O == O high melting

More information

Given the model below where C atoms are labeled and H atoms are the small white balls:

Given the model below where C atoms are labeled and H atoms are the small white balls: Chapter 24 rganic Chemistry Concept Check 24.1 Given the model below where C atoms are labeled and H atoms are the small white balls: a. Write the molecular formula. b. Write the condensed structural formula.

More information

10.1 Introduction 4 hours. Assessment statement Obj Teacher s notes Describe the features of a homologous series.

10.1 Introduction 4 hours. Assessment statement Obj Teacher s notes Describe the features of a homologous series. Topic 10: Organic chemistry (1 hours) Int, aim 8: Today, we may be starting to experience the consequences of using fossil fuels as our main source of energy. There is a vast range of products that can

More information

EXERCISES, LESSON 3 MD

EXERCISES, LESSON 3 MD EXERCISES, LESSN 3 INSTRUCTINS. Write the word, words, symbols, or numbers that properly completes the statement in the space provided or mark the correct word/phrase from those given. After you complete

More information

1.8. Organic Chemistry. Practice Exam Organic Chem. System LENGTH: VOLUME MASS Temperature. 1 gal = 4 qt. 1 lb = 16 oz.

1.8. Organic Chemistry. Practice Exam Organic Chem. System LENGTH: VOLUME MASS Temperature. 1 gal = 4 qt. 1 lb = 16 oz. rganic hemistry Practice Exam rganic hem Name (last) (First) Read all questions before you start. Show all work and explain your answers to receive full credit. Report all numerical answers to the proper

More information

Name: Class: Date: a. 3 methyl 4 propylbutane c. 1,1,3 trimethylpentane b. 2,4 dimethyloctane d. 2,4 dimethylhexane

Name: Class: Date: a. 3 methyl 4 propylbutane c. 1,1,3 trimethylpentane b. 2,4 dimethyloctane d. 2,4 dimethylhexane Class: Date: 1BFinal RP 1. Structural isomers are compounds that have a. the same elemental composition, but the atoms are linked in different ways. b. have identical structures, but contain different

More information

Alkenes and Alkynes. Chapter 1.2

Alkenes and Alkynes. Chapter 1.2 Alkenes and Alkynes Chapter 1.2 Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Alkenes and alkynes are unsaturated hydrocarbons An alkene is a hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon-carbon double bond An alkyne is a

More information

CHAPTER 2 NOMENCLATURE OF ORGANIC COPOUNDBELONGING TO THE FOLLOWING CLASSES

CHAPTER 2 NOMENCLATURE OF ORGANIC COPOUNDBELONGING TO THE FOLLOWING CLASSES CHAPTER 2 NOMENCLATURE OF ORGANIC COPOUNDBELONGING TO THE FOLLOWING CLASSES Nomenclature rules Identification of the parent hydrocarbon chain. This chain must obey the following rules, in order of precedence:

More information

CHEM&152 Spring 2009 ORGANIC STRUCTURES, SHAPES AND ISOMERISM

CHEM&152 Spring 2009 ORGANIC STRUCTURES, SHAPES AND ISOMERISM EM&152 Spring 2009 ORGANI STRUTURES, SAPES AND ISOMERISM Fill-in Date Stamp here Name Partner Lecturer: Discussion In this experiment you will use molecular models to construct 3-dimensional models of

More information

Organic Chem Test Master

Organic Chem Test Master Organic Chem Test Master Matching - Match each item with the correct statement below. substituent e. asymmetric carbon b. structural isomers f. trans configuration geometric isomers g. cis configuration

More information

CHEMISTRY OF HYDROCARBON EXPERIMENT 16

CHEMISTRY OF HYDROCARBON EXPERIMENT 16 HEMISTRY OF HYDROARBON EXPERIMENT 16 OBJETIVE The objective of this experiment is to distinguish the difference between various types of hydrocarbons by performing simple tests and reactions involving

More information

Regents review Organic chemistry

Regents review Organic chemistry 2011-2012 1. Which structural formula represents a saturated hydrocarbon? 2. Which molecule contains ten hydrogen atoms? A) butane B) butene C) propane D) propene 3. A double carbon-carbon bond is found

More information

13.1 Carbon: The Scope of Organic Chemistry. Carbon-Carbon bonding is the essential feature. Functional Groups lend diverse chemistry.

13.1 Carbon: The Scope of Organic Chemistry. Carbon-Carbon bonding is the essential feature. Functional Groups lend diverse chemistry. Chapter 13 Notes ORGANIC CHEMISTRY is the chemistry of compounds primarily containing the elements C, H, N, O. In most compounds C is the central element. In this chapter we will learn: STRUCTURES and

More information

STRAIGHT CHAIN ALKANES

STRAIGHT CHAIN ALKANES ydrocarbons are compounds containing only and Also known as saturated hydrocarbons all - bonds are an be found in straight chain form, but also have rings and branches STRAIGT AIN ALKANES ave the general

More information

CHAPTER 21 Hydrocarbons Section 1 - Alkanes Example Problem 1 Naming Branched-Chain Alkanes Name the following alkane.

CHAPTER 21 Hydrocarbons Section 1 - Alkanes Example Problem 1 Naming Branched-Chain Alkanes Name the following alkane. CHAPTER 21 Hydrocarbons Section 1 - Alkanes Example Problem 1 Naming Branched-Chain Alkanes Name the following alkane. 1. Name the compound represented by each of the following condensed structural formulas.

More information

Chapter 3: Structure and Nomenclature of Organic Compounds Focus on Alkanes

Chapter 3: Structure and Nomenclature of Organic Compounds Focus on Alkanes hapter 3: Structure and Nomenclature of rganic ompounds Focus on Alkanes rganic molecules are composed of one or more functional groups attached to one or more hydrocarbon groups (alkyl or groups) I. Functional

More information

Functional Groups and Chemical Families

Functional Groups and Chemical Families Functional Groups and Chemical Families Although there are a wide variety of organic compounds, most of them are composed of the elements from the upper right hand portion of the periodic chart: C, H,

More information

Mr. Storie 30S Chemistry Organic Chem - Alkanes. Organic Chemistry

Mr. Storie 30S Chemistry Organic Chem - Alkanes. Organic Chemistry Organic Chemistry 1 UNIT 5: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY All important vocabulary is in Italics and bold. Compare and contrast inorganic and organic chemistry. Describe the structural characteristics of carbon. Name,

More information

H 3 C CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3. Copyright 2012 Nelson Education Ltd. Chapter 1: Organic Compounds 1.1-1

H 3 C CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3. Copyright 2012 Nelson Education Ltd. Chapter 1: Organic Compounds 1.1-1 Section 1.1: Alkanes Mini Investigation: Arranging Carbon Atoms, page 10 A. Three different molecules of C 5 H 12 are possible. B. Five arrangements are possible for C 6 H 14, as predicted: H 3 C CH 2

More information