LESSON PLAN 2. Key Terms and Concepts. continental crust convection currents convergent plates divergent plates. Purposes. Objectives.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "LESSON PLAN 2. Key Terms and Concepts. continental crust convection currents convergent plates divergent plates. Purposes. Objectives."

Transcription

1 LESSON PLAN 2 Plates of the World Earthquakes 6 8 Young people will understand where most seismic activity occurs and why by learning about the plates of the earth. Key Terms and Concepts Earthquake Science continental crust convection currents convergent plates divergent plates earthquakes landforms oceanic crust plate tectonics Ring of Fire seismicity subduction zones volcanoes Purposes To impart basic ideas about the plates of the earth, that they float apart, collide and slip beside each other To enable students to understand that the movement of the earth s plates through the ages accounts for earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and changes to the surface of the earth Objectives The students will Define the terms convergent and divergent. Use Plate Tectonics in a Box to demonstrate oceanic and continental plate movement. Complete a diagram on Reading Earth s Features to analyze plate movements and the features the movements create, both above and below water. (Linking Across the Curriculum) Identify the Ring of Fire and the correlation between the features of the earth and its seismicity by following Epicenters Around the World and Earth s Moving Plates. Use Earth s Moving Plates to identify the cause of the earth s major features. (Linking Across the Curriculum) Conduct research on the Internet to locate volcanic activity within the Ring of Fire. (Linking Across the Curriculum) Write stories to explain the movement of shells and other sea fossils from the ocean floor to the mountains of Alaska. (Linking Across the Curriculum) Write monologues from the point of view of a landform to describe its birth and evolution across the millennia. (Linking Across the Curriculum) Activities How Plates Collide The Ring of Fire 1

2 How Plates Collide SET UP 15 minutes CONDUCT 60 minutes, plus time for any necessary research Science: Earth Science; Language Arts: Research and Presentation Earthquakes 6 8 LESSON PLAN 2 Plates of the World Materials Chalkboard and chalk or chart paper and markers For each group, or 1 class demonstration set: Plate Tectonics in a Box Scissors Shoebox Several sheets of plain paper 2 sheets of cardboard TEACHING NOTE You may divide the class into small groups and have each group demonstrate different ways tectonic plates move in relation to each other. As an alternative, you may complete the activity as a class demonstration. 1. Write the terms convergent and divergent on the chalkboard. Have the students discuss the meanings of the words: In what ways have they seen them used? (Answers may include in mathematics, a series of numbers or lines that come together; in biology, different evolutionary lines that come together or take different tracks; in geology, plate movements; in the news, coming together or moving apart on an issue; and in language, the same and different.) What words or meanings can they see within them? (Answers may include Con- is a prefix that means coming together or meeting, like convention or convene. Di- is a prefix that means different or apart, like diverse cultures. Verge- is a boundary or limit, or the edge or brink; the shoulder of a road is the verge.) How are the terms used when talking about the earth s tectonic plates? (Answers may include Plates that move toward each other are convergent, and plates that move apart are divergent.) 2. Divide the class into small groups and distribute Plate Tectonics in a Box to each. Assign each group a type of plate movement to demonstrate for the class. Wrap-Up Once the groups have set up their assigned demonstrations, bring the groups back together to present them to the class. Tape Markers Reading Earth s Movements, 1 copy per student (Linking Across the Curriculum) As groups demonstrate each concept, make sure they illustrate a clear, graphic understanding of the following: Divergent Plates: Plate boundaries are moving apart. As they separate, magma seeps upward to fill the gap, and it hardens as it cools to form new oceanic crust, at mid-ocean ridges. Convergent Oceanic and Continental Plates: Plate boundaries move together. If one plate is oceanic and the other continental, the less dense, oceanic crust will dive below the denser, continental crust, as seen at subduction zones. Convergent Continental Plates: If both plates are continental, the plates collide and can form mountain ranges, such as the Himalaya Mountains. 2

3 Transform (Lateral) Plate Movement: When two plates slide horizontally past each other, they will catch or get stuck, and the pressure to move will increase. The increasing stress builds until the plates break free, releasing the energy in the form of an earthquake. Earthquakes 6 8 LESSON PLAN 2 Plates of the World Linking Across the Curriculum Science: Earth Science; Social Studies: Geography; Language Arts: Reading Guide the students to apply their understanding of convection currents and plate boundaries and movement. Distribute Reading Earth s Features. Have students work alone or in pairs to interpret plate movement to identify what s happening to the earth s crust, both above and below sea level. Answers to Reading Earth s Features 1. Island Arc of Volcanoes 2. Convergent Plate Boundary of Plates A and B 3. Ocean Trench 4. Mid-Ocean Ridge at Divergent Plate Boundary of Plates B and C 5. Ocean Trench at Convergent Plate Boundary of Plates C and D 6. Young Mountain Range 7. Lateral or Transfom Fault 3

4 The Ring of Fire SET UP 15 minutes CONDUCT 1 or 2 class sessions Science: Earth Science; Social Studies: Geography Earthquakes 6 8 LESSON PLAN 2 Plates of the World World map or globe Materials Push pins or small, clear sticky notes, possibly in the shape of arrows Epicenters Around the World, 1 copy per student Earth s Moving Plates, 1 copy per student Markers Earth s Moving Plates, 1 copy per student (Linking Across the Curriculum) 1. As a whole class, have the students use the world map or globe to point out where they believe earthquakes occur. If possible, place push pins or sticky arrows at each point. 2. Distribute Epicenters Around the World to the students. Have them compare their suggested earthquake events to actual events. What surprised them the most? What areas were the most obvious to them? Why? Where is the Ring of Fire and why is it named that? (The Ring of Fire refers to a zone or arc around the edge of the plate that starts at New Zealand, moves north along the east side of Asia, across Alaska s Aleutian Islands and south along the west coast of North and South America. Many volcanoes are located and earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire.) 3. Next, distribute Earth s Moving Plates and have the students compare this map with Epicenters Around the World. What have they discovered? (Most tectonic events occur directly along plate boundaries.) Wrap-Up Have the students work in small groups with the handout Earth s Moving Plates to identify whether the plates are converging, diverging or moving laterally (transforming) at the points where they meet. Based on what they ve learned, have the groups select different plate boundaries and project what geologic events or changes might occur there in the future. For example: At the Pacific Plate and the Nazca Plate, new crust is developed as the plates continue to diverge. The Andes Mountains will continue to rise, and the crust of the Nazca Plate will plunge into the magma where the South American and Nazca Plates converge. The Pacific and North American Plates will continue to collide and scrape as they move laterally, the Pacific Plate moves to the north, while the North American Plate remains relatively still. 4

5 Linking Across the Curriculum Earthquakes 6 8 LESSON PLAN 2 Plates of the World Social Studies: Geography; Science: Earth Science Using a map of the world and the handout Earth s Moving Plates, have the students identify features or events that have been caused by the movement of the earth s plates. For example: the volcanic islands that form Hawaii; the tsunami in the Indian Ocean; and the Himalaya Mountains, the earth s newest and tallest mountains, which were formed as the Australian-Indian Plate converged with the Eurasian Plate. Social Studies: Geography; Science: Earth Science The Ring of Fire is home to many of earth s major volcanoes. Have student groups identify and research some of these volcanoes and complete the following fields of information to create a class chart. Name of Volcano Location Type of Volcano Last Major Eruption Current Activity Photo The following are excellent research sites: Volcano World at Volcanoes! at Language Arts: Writing; Science: Earth Science Adventurers in the Rocky Mountains have found tiny shells and other sea fossils. Challenge the students to write a story about a sea creature that dies and falls to the ocean floor and ends up as the discovery of a hiker in the mountains of Alaska. What plates would have carried it to its mountain destination? What events may have moved it from place to place? Direct students to base their stories on information about plate tectonics. Language Arts: Writing and Presentation; Social Studies: Geography Have the students choose a place where boundary plates have changed the surrounding land, such as a mountain or volcano, a new continent or island or a fault. Writing from the point of view of the landform they have chosen, assign the students to prepare a monologue, explaining the beginnings and development of the landform. The students must be specific about the country and location of their chosen landform. First, they must research this feature to find Where it is continent, country and locality. What might this landform have been like 10 million years ago? Would it even have existed? When did it begin its development? What changes might have happened to this landform over the long course of time? What forces do they suppose caused these changes? Have volunteers share their monologues with the class. TEACHING NOTE Remind students that landforms are affected by forces in addition to tectonic forces, such as erosion, ice or human interaction. 5

6 Plate Tectonics in a Box Page 1 of 3 Name Directions: The earth s tectonic plates converge, diverge or just slip by each other. To explain concepts that we cannot see, scientists often build models. Follow the steps below to illustrate tectonics in a box. Continental crust Oceanic crust Note: An excellent resource can be found at the U.S. Geological Survey s Web site at Materials: Scissors Shoebox Several sheets of plain paper 1 sheet of cardboard Markers Tape Build the Box: Step 1: Slice a narrow slit in the top of the box, long enough and thick enough for two pieces of paper to slide through. Step 2: Cut a large square in one of the short sides of the box, large enough for you to put your hand through. PLATE TECTONICS IN A BOX

7 Plate Tectonics in a Box Page 2 of 3 Demonstration of Divergent Plates 1. Write Oceanic Crust across each of two sheets of paper. 2. Slide the sheets of paper, words facing each other, through the slit, more than halfway into the box. 3. Now, slowly push the paper up through the slit. The papers will fall to either side of the box, revealing the words Oceanic Crust. How does this illustrate what happens when tectonic plates diverge? Demonstration of Convergent Plates: Oceanic and Continental Plates 1. Write Oceanic Plate on one sheet of paper. Cut two 1-inch strips from the cardboard. Fold them in half lengthwise. Then, tape the strips across the top third of a second sheet of paper. Write Continental Plate across the cardboard folds. 2. Slide the ends of the papers, words facing each other, into the slit, about one-third down. 3. Now, putting your hand in the side opening, slowly pull down the papers through the slit. What happens when the folded strips of continental plate get near the slit? What happens to the oceanic plate? How does this illustrate what happens when oceanic and continental plates converge? PLATE TECTONICS IN A BOX

8 Plate Tectonics in a Box Page 3 of 3 Demonstration of Convergent Continental Plates 1. Cut four 1-inch strips from the cardboard. Fold them in half lengthwise. Then, tape two strips across the top third of each of two sheets of paper. Write Continental Plate across the cardboard folds. 2. Slide the ends of the papers, words facing each other, into the slit, about one-third down. 3. Now, slowly pull the papers down through the slit. What happens when the folded strips of continental plate get near the slit? How does this illustrate what happens when continental plates converge? Demonstration of Transform (Lateral) Plates 1. Cut one sheet of paper in half lengthwise. Cut four 1-inch strips from the cardboard. Fold them in half lengthwise. Cut the strips to fit the width of the paper. Tape four folded strips across the top third of each of the two halves of paper. Write Continental Plate across the cardboard folds. 2. Slide one sheet of paper, words and landmasses facing inward, into one side of the slit, about one-third down. Slide the other, words and landmasses facing inward, into the other side of the slit. 3. Now, slide one paper sideways toward the other. What happens when the landmasses touch? How does this illustrate what happens when continental plates slide by each other? PLATE TECTONICS IN A BOX

9 Reading Earth s Features Page 1 of 1 Name Directions: Convection currents in the mantle of the earth cause the movement of the massive plates of the earth. Study the diagram below, following the movements of the plates. Then, label each of the numbered features on the plates to complete the diagram READING EARTH S FEATURES

10 Epicenters Around the World Page 1 of 1 Name Directions: This is a map of the epicenters of earthquakes that have occurred around the world. Compare what you see with your ideas of where most earthquakes occur. EPICENTERS AROUND THE WORLD Masters of Disaster Earthquakes, Earthquake Science, Lesson Plan 3/Dynamic Planet

11 Earth s Moving Plates Page 1 of 1 Name Directions: The earth s plates are constantly moving due to the convection currents within the magma. The movement is very slow, about 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 centimeters) per year, or about as fast as your fingernails grow. The arrows on the plates shown on this map illustrate the direction in which each plate moves. Plates may converge (come together), diverge (pull away from each other) or move laterally (transform). Use your understanding of the moving plates and the events and changes they cause to describe geologic events that could occur inthe future. In each of your geologic suppositions, make sure to include the names of the plates involved, the type of movement and a description of the events or earth changes. EARTH S MOVING PLATES

3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics

3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics CHAPTER 4 3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics SECTION Plate Tectonics BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is the theory of plate tectonics? What

More information

Interactive Plate Tectonics

Interactive Plate Tectonics Interactive Plate Tectonics Directions: Go to the following website and complete the questions below. http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamicearth/index.html How do scientists learn about the interior

More information

Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates.

Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates. Notes on Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates. These plates move around the mantle. Plates are composed of the crust and

More information

Reading Science! Name: Date: Tectonic Plates

Reading Science! Name: Date: Tectonic Plates Name: ate: Tectonic Plates 6.10: Tectonic Plates 1 2 On March 11, 2011, an earthquake measuring 8.9 on the Richter Scale shook the ocean floor. It made a giant wave which grew up to 30 feet (9.14 meters)

More information

Tectonic processes. 2.1 Where do earthquakes and volcanoes occur?

Tectonic processes. 2.1 Where do earthquakes and volcanoes occur? 2 Tectonic processes In this chapter you will study: how the Earth s crust is broken into different types of tectonic s what type of tectonic activity occurs at the boundaries what can happen during earthquakes

More information

11.3 Plate Boundaries In this section, you will learn how movement at the boundaries of lithospheric plates affects Earth s surface.

11.3 Plate Boundaries In this section, you will learn how movement at the boundaries of lithospheric plates affects Earth s surface. 11.3 Plate Boundaries In this section, you will learn how movement at the boundaries of lithospheric plates affects Earth s surface. Moving plates Three types of boundaries Imagine a single plate, moving

More information

Put the sentences in the correct order. They describe the process of PLATE TECTONICS.

Put the sentences in the correct order. They describe the process of PLATE TECTONICS. Tectonics The changing position of the continents is called continental drift. Plates move a few centimetres a year. Plate movement causes continents to collide, and split apart. The Earth s crust is divided

More information

NTTI Media-Rich Lesson

NTTI Media-Rich Lesson NTTI NTTI NTTI Media-Rich Lesson Lorrie D. Green NAME Playful Plates LESSON TITLE Fifth Graders GRADE LEVELS 120 Minutes TIME ALLOTMENT OVERVIEW Using a variety of instruments, geologists have measured

More information

Tectonic plates push together at convergent boundaries.

Tectonic plates push together at convergent boundaries. KEY CONCEPT Plates converge or scrape past each other. BEFORE, you learned Plates move apart at divergent boundaries In the oceans, divergent boundaries mark where the sea floor spreads apart On land,

More information

TECTONICS ASSESSMENT

TECTONICS ASSESSMENT Tectonics Assessment / 1 TECTONICS ASSESSMENT 1. Movement along plate boundaries produces A. tides. B. fronts. C. hurricanes. D. earthquakes. 2. Which of the following is TRUE about the movement of continents?

More information

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The Continental Drift Hypothesis Lesson 2 Development of a Theory Lesson 3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics Chapter

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The Continental Drift Hypothesis Lesson 2 Development of a Theory Lesson 3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics Chapter Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The Continental Drift Hypothesis Lesson 2 Development of a Theory Lesson 3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics Chapter Wrap-Up Arctic_Images/Getty Images What is the theory of plate

More information

Continental Drift: An Idea Before Its Time

Continental Drift: An Idea Before Its Time Continental Drift: An Idea Before Its Time Alfred Wegener (1880 1930) Continental drift hypothesis: The world's continents are in motion and have been drifting apart into different configurations over

More information

Plate Tectonics. Divergent Boundaries. Transform Boundaries. the tectonic plates of Earth

Plate Tectonics. Divergent Boundaries. Transform Boundaries. the tectonic plates of Earth Plate Tectonics The surface of Earth is not one solid part. It is made of many parts. They fit side by side like a puzzle. Unlike a puzzle, those parts move. They push each other. They crash and smash.

More information

Plate Tectonics. The Theory of Plate Tectonics. The Plate Tectonics Theory

Plate Tectonics. The Theory of Plate Tectonics. The Plate Tectonics Theory Tectonics The Theory of Tectonics The Tectonics Theory When you blow into a balloon, the balloon expands. Its surface area also increases. As more air is added to the balloon, the balloon gets larger.

More information

SIXTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SIXTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SIXTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing the structure of different types of volcanoes. LAB: Plotting

More information

4 Deforming the Earth s Crust

4 Deforming the Earth s Crust CHAPTER 4 4 Deforming the Earth s Crust SECTION Plate Tectonics BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What happens when rock is placed under stress?

More information

Plate Tectonics Web-Quest

Plate Tectonics Web-Quest Plate Tectonics Web-Quest Part I: Earth s Structure. Use the following link to find these answers: http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamicearth/structure.html 1. Label the layers of Earth in the diagram

More information

Unsaved Test, Version: 1 1

Unsaved Test, Version: 1 1 Name: Choose the letter of the best answer. 1. Earth's inner core and outer core are both A. parts of the asthenosphere B. parts of Earth's lithosphere C. completely solid spheres D. made up of hot metals

More information

Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test

Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test Name: Class: Date: ID: A Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the

More information

ES Chapter 10 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

ES Chapter 10 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Class: Date: ES Chapter 10 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Scientists used the pattern of alternating normal and reversed

More information

1. You are about to begin a unit on geology. Can anyone tell me what geology is? The study of the physical earth I.

1. You are about to begin a unit on geology. Can anyone tell me what geology is? The study of the physical earth I. PLATE TECTONICS ACTIVITY The purpose of this lab is to introduce the concept of plate tectonics and the formation of mountains. Students will discuss the properties of the earth s crust and plate tectonics.

More information

11A Plate Tectonics. What is plate tectonics? Setting up. Materials

11A Plate Tectonics. What is plate tectonics? Setting up. Materials 11A Plate Tectonics What is plate tectonics? Earth s crust plus the upper mantle forms the lithosphere. Earth s lithosphere is broken in a number of different pieces. How these pieces move and interact

More information

Activity: A Plate Tectonic Puzzle

Activity: A Plate Tectonic Puzzle Activity: A Plate Tectonic Puzzle Introduction The Earth s crust is not a solid shell. It is made up of thick, interconnecting pieces called tectonic plates that fit together like a puzzle. They move atop

More information

12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics

12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics 12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics Earth is over 1200 km thick and has four distinct layers. These layers are the crust, mantle (upper and lower), outer core, and inner core. Crust outer solid rock layer

More information

Answers. Plate Tectonics. Year 9 Science Chapter 7

Answers. Plate Tectonics. Year 9 Science Chapter 7 Answers Plate Tectonics Year 9 Science Chapter 7 p167 1 Plate tectonics is a scientific theory that is used to explain the movement of the Earth s lithosphere. The lithosphere is the solid outermost shell

More information

The Structure of the Earth and Plate Tectonics

The Structure of the Earth and Plate Tectonics The Structure of the Earth and Plate Tectonics Structure of the Earth The Earth is made up of 3 main layers: Core Mantle Crust Mantle Outer core Inner core Crust The Crust This is where we live! The Earth

More information

Objective: Identify the types of plate boundaries and the land features and geologic events that each feature makes.

Objective: Identify the types of plate boundaries and the land features and geologic events that each feature makes. Objective: Identify the types of plate boundaries and the land features and geologic events that each feature makes. Transform boundaries exist where two plates slide past each other. No lithosphere is

More information

Tectonic plates have different boundaries.

Tectonic plates have different boundaries. KEY CONCEPT Plates move apart. BEFORE, you learned The continents join and break apart The sea floor provides evidence that tectonic plates move The theory of plate tectonics helps explain how the plates

More information

Name: Block: Date Mapping Lithospheric Plate Boundaries: HW# 8 (15 pts- no skip pass)

Name: Block: Date Mapping Lithospheric Plate Boundaries: HW# 8 (15 pts- no skip pass) yay, bonus pt. because oops, no HO, book, heading on this date =MP Plate Tectonics Name: Block: Date Mapping Lithospheric Plate Boundaries: HW# 8 (15 pts- no skip pass) INTRODUCTION The lithosphere is

More information

SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review

SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review Use the following diagram to answer questions 1 and 2. 1. Which location has the youngest crust? A. A B. B C. C D. D 2. Which location is associated with subduction?

More information

Plate tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Key words: lithosphere, continental and oceanic plates, convective movements, plate boundary

Plate tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Key words: lithosphere, continental and oceanic plates, convective movements, plate boundary S c i e n c e s Plate tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes Key words: lithosphere, continental and oceanic plates, convective movements, plate boundary The Structure of the Earth The Earth s engine: Convective

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 4 Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Puzzling Evidence What evidence suggests that continents move? In the late 1800s, Alfred Wegener proposed his hypothesis of continental drift. According to this hypothesis, the continents once formed a

More information

Activity 3 - Modeling Plate Tectonics

Activity 3 - Modeling Plate Tectonics SEAS Overview: Tectonic plates interact in four different ways at their boundaries. Using simple available materials we can create models to simulate these interactions to get further insight into what

More information

FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. LAB: Modeling three types

More information

SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Investigating the parts of a volcano. LAB: Comparing the parts of a

More information

Kathleen Moburg Page 1

Kathleen Moburg Page 1 Kathleen Moburg Page 1 Author: Kathleen Moburg Title of Lesson: Plate Tectonics: What Happens when Plates Collide? Subject Area(s) 10 th grade General Science; Earth Science Unit Description of lesson

More information

Post Assessment. Concept(s)

Post Assessment. Concept(s) Post Assessment Concept(s) Addressed Time Materials Advance preparation The Earth has different layers with different densities, composition and temperatures. Direct and indirect evidence are used to explain

More information

Plate Tectonics. Earthquakes 3 5. Earthquake Science LESSON PLAN 2. Key Terms and Concepts. Purpose. Objectives. Activities

Plate Tectonics. Earthquakes 3 5. Earthquake Science LESSON PLAN 2. Key Terms and Concepts. Purpose. Objectives. Activities LESSON PLAN 2 Earthquakes 3 5 Plate tectonics are integral to understanding earthquakes, their causes and their effects. Key Terms and Concepts Earthquake Science continental drift continental plates lava

More information

Plate Tectonic Boundaries

Plate Tectonic Boundaries Plate Tectonic Boundaries The Crust (The surface) The thin rigid outermost layer of the Earth is the crust. The thinnest crust (oceanic) is 3 miles and the thickest (continental) is 50 miles. The Mantle

More information

Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet

Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet The Earth Inside and Out pp.27 47 Bodies of Water and Land Forms pp. 32-36 Internal Forces Shaping the Earth pp.37-41 External Forces Shaping the Earth pp. 42-45 1.

More information

Use the web link provided in the Earth Science Folder

Use the web link provided in the Earth Science Folder ONLINE ACTIVITY: PLATE TECTONICS Using the web links provided in the Science10 handout folder complete the following activities and answer the questions listed. Use the web link provided in the Earth Science

More information

What does this all mean? DIVIDE COLLIDE - SLIDE. There are three types of motion. Mr. Fetch s Earth Science Classroom

What does this all mean? DIVIDE COLLIDE - SLIDE. There are three types of motion. Mr. Fetch s Earth Science Classroom What does this all mean? DIVIDE COLLIDE - SLIDE There are three types of motion. Plates can divide apart and move away from each other. Plates can collide together and move closer. Plates can slide past

More information

6.E.2.2 Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes

6.E.2.2 Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes Name: Date: 1. The road shown below was suddenly broken by a natural event. 3. The convergence of two continental plates would produce Which natural event most likely caused the crack in the road? island

More information

Ch 9.1 Continental Drift

Ch 9.1 Continental Drift Ch 9 Plate Tectonics 9.1 Continental Drift 9.2 Plate Tectonics 9.3 Actions of Plate Tectonics 9.4Testing Plate Tectonics 9.5 Mechanisms of Plate Motion Ch 9.1 Continental Drift l The proposed radical hypothesis

More information

What is this section called? Credits

What is this section called? Credits Station 1: Age of ocean floor Seafloor spreading is a process of plate tectonics. New oceanic crust is created as large slabs of the Earth's crust split apart from each other and magma moves up to fill

More information

Geol 101: Physical Geology PAST EXAM QUESTIONS LECTURE 4: PLATE TECTONICS II

Geol 101: Physical Geology PAST EXAM QUESTIONS LECTURE 4: PLATE TECTONICS II Geol 101: Physical Geology PAST EXAM QUESTIONS LECTURE 4: PLATE TECTONICS II 4. Which of the following statements about paleomagnetism at spreading ridges is FALSE? A. there is a clear pattern of paleomagnetic

More information

Plate Tectonics and Earth s Structure

Plate Tectonics and Earth s Structure Plate Tectonics and Earth s Structure Chapter Eight: Plate Tectonics Chapter Nine: Earthquakes Chapter Ten: Volcanoes Chapter Eight: Plate Tectonics 8.1 Alfred Wegener s Supercontinent 8.2 Sea Floor Spreading

More information

Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics The unifying concept of the Earth sciences. Continental Drift

Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics The unifying concept of the Earth sciences. Continental Drift Plate Tectonics The unifying concept of the Earth sciences. The outer portion of the Earth is made up of about 20 distinct plates (~ 100 km thick), which move relative to each other This motion is what

More information

Bellwork 41: Complete page 156- Questions 1-7, 9-14

Bellwork 41: Complete page 156- Questions 1-7, 9-14 Bellwork 41: Complete page 156- Questions 1-7, 9-14 Write the question and the correct answer only. Homework: Study for unit test: Friday(A)/Monday(B) Complete both sides of worksheet. Homework: Study

More information

Earth's Interior. Convection and the Mantle Section 2 Summary. Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics

Earth's Interior. Convection and the Mantle Section 2 Summary. Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics Earth's Interior Earth's surface is constantly changing. Earth looks different today from the way it did millions of years ago. People wonder, "What's inside Earth?" The extreme

More information

By itutor.com T

By itutor.com T By itutor.com T- 1-855-694-8886 Email- info@itutor.com Plate Boundaries Imagine a single plate, moving in one direction on Earth s surface. One edge of the plate the divergent boundary moves away from

More information

8-3.1 Summarize the three layers of Earth crust, mantle, and core on the basis of relative position, density, and composition.

8-3.1 Summarize the three layers of Earth crust, mantle, and core on the basis of relative position, density, and composition. Earth s Structure and Processes 8-3 The student will demonstrate an understanding of materials that determine the structure of Earth and the processes that have altered this structure. 8-3.1 Summarize

More information

Plate Tectonics: Big Ideas. Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics. The unifying concept of the Earth sciences.

Plate Tectonics: Big Ideas. Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics. The unifying concept of the Earth sciences. Plate Tectonics: Big Ideas Our understanding of Earth is continuously refined. Earth s systems are dynamic; they continually react to changing influences from geological, hydrological, physical, chemical,

More information

Plate Tectonics Review

Plate Tectonics Review 1. Recent volcanic activity in different parts of the world supports the inference that volcanoes are located mainly in 1) the centers of landscape regions 2) the central regions of the continents 3) zones

More information

Objective: 1. Students will investigate and be able to describe the three types of tectonic plate boundaries using the learning cycle approach.

Objective: 1. Students will investigate and be able to describe the three types of tectonic plate boundaries using the learning cycle approach. Tectonic Plate Boundaries Inquiry Lesson Objective: 1. Students will investigate and be able to describe the three types of tectonic plate boundaries using the learning cycle approach. Bell Work: (Engage)

More information

Investigate Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Mountain Formation

Investigate Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Mountain Formation Gottesman Hall of Planet Earth Activities for Grades 6-8 Investigate Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Mountain Formation OVERVIEW Students will learn about why earthquakes happen, and how mountains and volcanoes

More information

There are three basic types of plate margins. I will list them here, and then discuss each of them in turn. These plate margins are:

There are three basic types of plate margins. I will list them here, and then discuss each of them in turn. These plate margins are: PLATE MARGINS As we discussed in class, while there is interesting geology all over the world, much of the most interesting and spectacular events occur where two plates meet. We refer to such regions

More information

4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67)

4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67) 4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67) Seafloor Spreading In the early 1960s, samples of basaltic ocean crust were dredged up from various locations across the ocean basins. The samples were then analyzed to

More information

Exam #3 - All numbered questions are given equal weight in the multiple choice part.

Exam #3 - All numbered questions are given equal weight in the multiple choice part. Exam #3 - All numbered questions are given equal weight in the multiple choice part. Multiple Choice Mark only one answer for each question. 1) On a global map of earthquakes, the locations of the earthquakes

More information

h8ps://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=ugcded4xvd4

h8ps://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=ugcded4xvd4 Short 25 second video on Pangaea moving, no sound or words. h8ps://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=wauk94adxpa 3 minute video showing pictures of the coninents over the ages, no verbal explanaion, just wri8en

More information

Lab 8A: Investigating Tectonic Plate Boundaries Using Online Geospatial Technology. MAP URL:

Lab 8A: Investigating Tectonic Plate Boundaries Using Online Geospatial Technology. MAP URL: Lab 8A: Investigating Tectonic Plate Boundaries Using Online Geospatial Technology NAME: PERIOD: SCORE: Activity: Discover and investigate tectonic plate boundaries by analyzing maps showing seismic and

More information

Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide

Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide Rocks are classified based on how they were formed. The three types of rocks are sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. Igneous rock forms when magma (liquid

More information

Plate Tectonics Short Study Guide

Plate Tectonics Short Study Guide Name: Class: Date: Plate Tectonics Short Study Guide Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The existence of coal beds in Antarctica

More information

2 How Mountains Form LOOKING CLOSER

2 How Mountains Form LOOKING CLOSER CHAPTER 11 2 How Mountains Form SECTION Deformation of the Crust KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What kinds of plate collisions form mountains? What are four main types

More information

The World s Plates Expedition

The World s Plates Expedition The World s Plates Expedition P B L S c i e n c e! P R O B L E M B a s e d L e a r n i n g Name: Date: The Problem The purpose of this project is for students to create a travel brochure or PowerPoint

More information

LESSON PLAN 1. Key Terms and Concepts. asthenosphere continental crust deep mantle earthquakes. Purposes. Objectives. Activities

LESSON PLAN 1. Key Terms and Concepts. asthenosphere continental crust deep mantle earthquakes. Purposes. Objectives. Activities LESSON PLAN 1 Inside the Earth Earthquakes 6 8 Learning about the composition of the earth gives us a better understanding of our changing planet. Key Terms and Concepts Earthquake Science asthenosphere

More information

Digging Deeper BUILDING FEATURES ON EARTH S SURFACE. Divergent Boundaries and Breaks in Earth s Crust (Rifting)

Digging Deeper BUILDING FEATURES ON EARTH S SURFACE. Divergent Boundaries and Breaks in Earth s Crust (Rifting) Chapter 2 Plate Tectonics Digging Deeper BUILDING FEATURES ON EARTH S SURFACE Divergent Boundaries and Breaks in Earth s Crust (Rifting) In the Investigate, you examined a diagram showing a cross section

More information

Chapter 9: Plates and Plate Boundaries. Fig. 9.11

Chapter 9: Plates and Plate Boundaries. Fig. 9.11 Chapter 9: Plates and Plate Boundaries Fig. 9.11 OBJECTIVES Identify the physical and chemical divisions in Earth s outer layers. Understand that the lithospheric plates are buoyant and that this buoyancy

More information

Earth and Space Science. Semester 2 Exam Review. Part 1. - Convection currents circulate in the Asthenosphere located in the Upper Mantle.

Earth and Space Science. Semester 2 Exam Review. Part 1. - Convection currents circulate in the Asthenosphere located in the Upper Mantle. Earth and Space Science Semester 2 Exam Review Part 1 Convection -A form of heat transfer. - Convection currents circulate in the Asthenosphere located in the Upper Mantle. - Source of heat is from the

More information

Earthquakes Volcanoes Mountains

Earthquakes Volcanoes Mountains Earthquakes Volcanoes Mountains Sea Floor Spreading Where is it located? How does it form? How does it change the Earth s surface? Earthquakes Where are earthquakes located? Most earthquakes happen around

More information

Features of Plate Tectonics

Features of Plate Tectonics Features of Plate Tectonics Section 12.2 Summary Textbook pages 518 537 Before You Read Earthquakes frequently occur in British Columbia. State what you already know about earthquakes in the lines below.

More information

DYNAMIC CRUST: Unit 4 Exam Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes

DYNAMIC CRUST: Unit 4 Exam Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes DYNAMIC CRUST: Unit 4 Exam Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes NAME: BLOCK: DATE: 1. Base your answer to the following question on The block diagram below shows the boundary between two tectonic plates. Which

More information

Name Chapter 10 Investigation Worksheet

Name Chapter 10 Investigation Worksheet Name Chapter 10 Investigation Worksheet To complete this worksheet, see the instructions in the textbook (Chapter 10 Investigation). Table 1. Identification of Features on the Ocean Floor Different oceanic

More information

Name: Date: Period: 1. The Grand Canyon was formed by. It was carved by the. 6. Landmasses that were once separated by oceans, have collided to form

Name: Date: Period: 1. The Grand Canyon was formed by. It was carved by the. 6. Landmasses that were once separated by oceans, have collided to form Name: Date: Period: By Jack Erickson and Sylvia Lewandowski Provided by Tasa Graphic Arts, Inc. for The Theory of Plate Tectonics CD-ROM http://www.tasagraphicarts.com/progplate.html 1. The Grand Canyon

More information

WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY?

WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY? Name: Class: Date: What is a Volcano? WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY? A volcano is a weak spot in the crust where molten material, called magma, erupts to the surface. Magma is a mixture of rock-forming

More information

Leaving Cert Geography Revision Notes

Leaving Cert Geography Revision Notes Leaving Cert Geography Revision Notes Contents PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY CORE UNIT 1... 4 INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH... 4 CONTINENTAL DRIFT... 8 PLATE BOUNDARIES... 9 OCEANIC-CONTINENTAL CONVERGENCE... 12

More information

Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life

Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life Review Introduction Main contents Quiz Unless otherwise noted, all pictures are taken from wikipedia.org Review 1 Which is not included

More information

Introduction to Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics

Introduction to Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics Quizlet Magnetic stripes along the seafloor are evidence for a) Earth s magnetic reversals b) Seafloor spreading c) Convection currents in the mantle d) Magnetite's ability to orient with a magnetic field

More information

How Did These Ocean Features and Continental Margins Form?

How Did These Ocean Features and Continental Margins Form? 298 10.14 INVESTIGATION How Did These Ocean Features and Continental Margins Form? The terrain below contains various features on the seafloor, as well as parts of three continents. Some general observations

More information

MEMORANDUM OF ASSESSMENT Module 1: The Earth s Structure. 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure:

MEMORANDUM OF ASSESSMENT Module 1: The Earth s Structure. 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure: 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure: a. According to the sketch above give the name of each of the layers, which we have described. 1. The Crust 2. The mantle 3. The outer core

More information

Glossary. continental crust: the sections of crust, the outermost layer of the earth, that include the continents

Glossary. continental crust: the sections of crust, the outermost layer of the earth, that include the continents aftershock: an earthquake that follows a larger earthquake or main shock and originates in or near the rupture zone of the larger earthquake. Generally, major earthquakes are followed by a number of aftershocks

More information

Essential Question: How did the theory of Plate Tectonics evolve?

Essential Question: How did the theory of Plate Tectonics evolve? Essential Question: How did the theory of Plate Tectonics evolve? 1. Look at a globe or a map of the Earth. Name the continents. (7 points) 2. How many continents are there? (3 points) 3. On a sheet of

More information

Plate Tectonics. Introduction. Boundaries between crustal plates

Plate Tectonics. Introduction. Boundaries between crustal plates Plate Tectonics KEY WORDS: continental drift, seafloor spreading, plate tectonics, mid ocean ridge (MOR) system, spreading center, rise, divergent plate boundary, subduction zone, convergent plate boundary,

More information

Continents join together and split apart.

Continents join together and split apart. KEY CONCEPT Continents change position over time. BEFORE, you learned Earth s main layers are the core, the mantle, and the crust The lithosphere and asthenosphere are the topmost layers of Earth The lithosphere

More information

Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics Review. Name that Layer...

Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics Review. Name that Layer... Name that Layer... 1 Which layers make up the lithosphere? Multiple answer A B C D crust mantle inner core outer core Why wouldn t the fossil of an ocean fish found on two different continents be good

More information

Theory of Plate Tectonics

Theory of Plate Tectonics Grade Level: Middle and High School Theory of Plate Tectonics Purpose: Theories concerning the development of landforms and the causes of geologic occurrences have developed through time. Individual ideas

More information

Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics

Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics Earth Science Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics Name: Date: Period: August 2013 Due Date: 17 Compared to the oceanic crust, the continental crust is (1) less dense and more basaltic (3) more dense and

More information

Earth Science 1.3 The San Andreas Presearch SA1: Plate Margins & Boundaries

Earth Science 1.3 The San Andreas Presearch SA1: Plate Margins & Boundaries Earth Science 1.3 The San Andreas Presearch SA1: Plate Margins & Boundaries Our solid Earth, apparently so stable, inert, and finished, is changing, mobile, and still evolving. Mountain chains prove the

More information

Plate Tectonics Chapter 2

Plate Tectonics Chapter 2 Plate Tectonics Chapter 2 Does not include complete lecture notes. Continental drift: An idea before its time Alfred Wegener First proposed his continental drift hypothesis in 1915 Published The Origin

More information

Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries Deborah Jordan and Samuel Spiegel

Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries Deborah Jordan and Samuel Spiegel Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries Deborah Jordan and Samuel Spiegel Jordan, Deborah and Spiegel, Samuel: Learning Research Development Center, University of Pittsburgh. Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries.

More information

Science Grade 08 Unit 07 Exemplar Lesson 01: Evidence for Plate Tectonics and the Formation of Crustal Features

Science Grade 08 Unit 07 Exemplar Lesson 01: Evidence for Plate Tectonics and the Formation of Crustal Features Unit: 07 Lesson: 01 Suggested Duration: 8 days Grade 08 Unit 07 Exemplar Lesson 01: Evidence for Plate Tectonics and the Formation of Crustal Features This lesson is one approach to teaching the State

More information

Name: Lab: Exploring Patterns in Regional Seismicity. Lev Horodyskyj v1.1 - June 2009

Name: Lab: Exploring Patterns in Regional Seismicity. Lev Horodyskyj v1.1 - June 2009 Name: Lab: Exploring Patterns in Regional Seismicity Lev Horodyskyj LevH@psu.edu; v1.1 - June 2009 Content Objectives - By the end of the exercise, students should be able to: - Describe the basic properties

More information

Plate Tectonics. Hi, I am Zed and I am going to take you on a trip learning about Plate Tectonics. And I am Buddy Zed s mascot

Plate Tectonics. Hi, I am Zed and I am going to take you on a trip learning about Plate Tectonics. And I am Buddy Zed s mascot Plate Tectonics Hi, I am Zed and I am going to take you on a trip learning about Plate Tectonics And I am Buddy Zed s mascot Continental Drift Alfred Wegener proposed that continents were not always where

More information

The Dynamic Crust 2) EVIDENCE FOR CRUSTAL MOVEMENT

The Dynamic Crust 2) EVIDENCE FOR CRUSTAL MOVEMENT The Dynamic Crust 1) Virtually everything you need to know about the interior of the earth can be found on page 10 of your reference tables. Take the time to become familiar with page 10 and everything

More information

Pacific Plate & The Ring of Fire Instructor s Notes

Pacific Plate & The Ring of Fire Instructor s Notes Instructor s Notes Overview The kids take the locations of 25 major volcanos found around the rim of the Pacific Ocean and map them. This is the same kind of data that Alfred Wegener used to create his

More information

Name Score /225. (Make sure you identify each key concept by identifying the section [1.1, 1.2, etc.].]

Name Score /225. (Make sure you identify each key concept by identifying the section [1.1, 1.2, etc.].] Name Score /225 Changing Earth Chapter 1 Worksheet Before reading Chapter 1 (pages 9 37). On a separate sheet of paper, make two columns. Title the first column Before I Read. Title the second column After

More information

Plate Tectonics. Standardized Test Prep. Plate Tectonics. Preview Multiple Choice Short Response Reading Skills Interpreting Graphics

Plate Tectonics. Standardized Test Prep. Plate Tectonics. Preview Multiple Choice Short Response Reading Skills Interpreting Graphics Plate Tectonics Preview Multiple Choice Short Response Reading Skills Interpreting Graphics Multiple Choice 1. Which of the following factors is most important when determining the type of collision that

More information

Section 1: Continental Drift

Section 1: Continental Drift Section 1: Continental Drift Preview Objectives Wegener s s Hypothesis Mid-Ocean Ridges Sea-Floor Spreading Paleomagnetism Wegener Redeemed Continental Drift (Pangaea) Objectives Summarize Wegener s hypothesis

More information

Changes in Earth s Surface

Changes in Earth s Surface Changes in Earth s Surface Vocabulary For two-column notes, underlines titles are main ideas Scientific Theory of Plate Tectonics Based on Wegener s Hypothesis Sea-floor spreading Continents drifted to

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Shaky Ground 6 th Grade

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Shaky Ground 6 th Grade The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information