Gasification development platforms for BTL and SNG

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1 Gasification development platforms for BTL and SNG VTT 2G 2020 Biofuels Seminar August 30, 2012, Kari Salo ANDRITZ Carbona biomass gasification applications Circulating Fluidized Bed gasifiers Bubbling Fluidized Bed gasifiers Fuel gas for kilns (Co-)firing (boiler) Co-generation (gas engine) IGCC (gas turbine) Syngas production Gasifier size MWth. Gasifier size MWth. Gasifier size MWth. Gasifier size MWth. Gasifier size >100 MWth/unit Atmospheric CFB (air blown) Atmospheric CFB (air blown) Low pressure BFB (air blown) Pressurized BFB (air blown) Pressurized BFB (oxygen blown) Fossil fuel replacement Power by steam cycle Power by gas engine units Power by gas/steam turbines Development phase Pulp and paper and cement industries Utilities and all industries with large fossil fuel fired boilers Mechanical wood industry, utilities New mid-size power plants with max. power efficiency BTL/SNG producers (P&P & others) and utilities Fuel gas Gas to boilers Green power Green power Bio liquids 2 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG 1

2 Synthesis gas for transportation fuels and SNG ANDRITZ Carbona involved in several project developments Gas conditioning Biomass (cooling, filtering, reforming, etc. ) Fischer- Tropsch Biodiesel UPM Gas processing Synthesis gas Tigas, pilot Gasoline Haldor Topsoe (shift, scrubbing, etc.) Different options Ethanol Gasifier Oxygen Oxygen plant Air Methanation Synthetic Natural Gas, EON Steam Ash Typical plant size MWfuel Car fuel, pipeline, gas turbine, etc. 3 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG ANDRITZ Carbona main gasification development platforms for BTL/SNG (BFB-gasification) The Gas Technology Institute, Chicago, USA U-gas and Renugas licenses in 1990 Biomass oxygen gasification development at the new pilot plant gas cleanup development, filtering, reforming, scrubbing gasification/cleanup concepts for BTL- and SNG-processes 20 MWth pilot plant (Enviropower) in Finland/Tampere lessons learned for pressurized gasification Skive BGGE-plant, Denmark long term gasification and gas cleanup development with the local energy company Cooperation with VTT Finland/Tampere gasification pilot plant, 20 MWth Skive BGGE-plant, 30 MWth R&D work with PDU- and laboratory units VTT programs long history in participation in VTT s testing and development programs on pressurized gasification and gas cleanup former and present development programs 4 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG 2

3 BFB - gasification technology background Pilot Plant (Enviropower) operated by Carbona in the 90 s Pressurized (up to 25 bar) air blown gasification plant, 20 MWth Profound gasification expertise Number of different biomass used, lessons learned! Design basis for Skive-plant Outstanding experience for BTL/SNG 5 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG Development for/at the Gasification CHP Plant, Skive, Denmark 6 MW POWER 12 MW DISTRICT HEAT Initial development with VTT since 1997 Enviropower Tampere pilot plant VTT s lab- and PDU units Long term gasification, filter and reformer testing and development at Skive Demonstration plant to produce clean cool gas process development also for BTL/SNG BFB GASIFIER WOOD PELLETS 2 GAS BOILERS FLARE 3 GAS ENGINES 6 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG 3

4 Pilot plant at the Gasification Technology Institute Chicago, USA ANDRITZ Carbona cooperation with UPM-Kymmene Finland and EON Sweden for development of biomass gasification and gas cleanup to be used in Biodiesel and SNG projects. New TIGAS pilot plant for bio-gasoline 7 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG GTI Energy & Environmental Technology Campus ANDRITZ Carbona gasification / gas cleanup process 1. Flex-Fuel Test Facility Carbona biomass gasification system Advanced Gasification Test Facility Carbona syngas conditioning system TIGAS pilot plant 8 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG 4

5 Gasification fuels at GTI Bark Forest residue Source: UPM Stump 9 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG GTI pilot configuration for UPM/EON process testing Biomass fuel feeding Forest residue Bark Stumps Pellets ~24 tpd Oxygen gasification Gas conditioning Gas processing Sampling analyzing recycle flaring Flare Lock hoppers Surge hopper Feeder Gasifier Reformer Filter Cooler Quench Scrubbers Chemicals Oxygen supply Ash removal Sampling systems Online analyzers Gas recycling 10 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG 5

6 Summary of GTI operation results Established stable operating conditions for steam-oxygen gasification High carbon conversion (even higher if 2 nd stage fines recycled) Heavy tars concentration negligible after reformer High conversions of methane & ammonia in reformer (adjustable) Tested CO2 inert gas replacing nitrogen Tested recycle of product gas from after scrubber Measured all trace impurities in clean gas Product gas after scrubber suitable for downstream processing All targeted design data collected 11 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG Wood to green gasoline using Carbona gasification and Topsoe TIGAS processes Reference: Haldor Topsoe A/S DOE Award No. DE-EE U.S. Department of Energy Golden Field Office DOE Award No. DE-EE U.S. government share: $ 25,000,000 Period of performance: 12/28/09 through 12/31/14 Including 3x30 days operation 12 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG 6

7 TIGAS project objectives Demonstrate a technology for thermo-chemical conversion of woody biomass to gasoline, Carbona gasification and Haldor Topsoe TIGAS process (Topsoe Integrated Gasoline Synthesis) Fuel feed 21 ton/day of woody biomass (UPM) for 23 BPD of gasoline blend stock Pilot plant data will support the design of commercial TIGAS, other BTL and SNG plants based on gasification of woody biomass Fleet Testing vehicles over ~ 6 months Accumulate ~250,000 miles 13 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG TIGAS project team & responsibilities - UPM-Kymmene is one of the world s largest pulp and paper companies with more than 100 production facilities. - Provides: gathering, handling and transporting of wood; 1 st commercial plant site - Haldor Topsoe is a leading worldwide supplier of catalysts and catalytic technology for fuel conversion and upgrading. - Provides: TIGAS process, overall project management - Phillips 66 is a leading oil refiner & contributor to TIGAS - Provides: Liquids fuels handling, transportation and marketing, sample characterization, pilot plant design, construction, operation and scale-up assistance - Carbona is a supplier of biomass gasification and gas cleanup plants - Provides: fluidized-bed gasification, gas cleanup, tar reforming, commercialization support - GTI is the developer of gasification technology, licensor of acid gas removal process, and owner/ operator of pilot plant test facility - Provides: design, construction, and operation of pilot plant plus modeling, data analysis, commercialization support 14 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG 7

8 Andritz involvement in BTL/SNG UPM, Finland or France, biodiesel Andritz is a partner in the 300 MWfuel project to produce t biodiesel/year Plant basic engineering & integration design have been conducted Pilot testing at the Gas Technology Institute/USA completed EU/NER 300, Stracel (France) preliminary rank first and Rauma (Finland) as reserve FEED-engineering for final investment decision Plant start 2016 E.ON (EGD, EON Gasification Development), Sweden, Bio2G, SNG Pre-FEED engineering for the plant done for 300 MWfuel plant to produce 200 MWth synthetic natural gas NER 300 application preliminary ranked as reserve project in Sweden FEED-engineering start 2012, final investment decision end 2013 Plant start DOE, USA, TIGAS demonstration, gasoline DOE financed demonstration program at GTI Partners: Haldor Topsoe, Carbona, GTI, UPM, Phillips 66 Gasoline production from synthesis gas Test program BTL/SNG-projects benefit on this program as well 15 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG Wood biomass 22 t/h (58 % MC) Hot water and steam from mill 12 MW Fuel receiving Fuel to gasifier Belt Dryer 11 t/h (15 % MC) Fuel feeding silo Bed material feeding silo Max. evaporation 12 t/h CFB gasifier FOR INFORMATION Nominal heat flow 48 MW C / 7 kg/s Metsä Fibre, Joutseno Lime kiln gasification plant project Plant startup in summer 2012 Burner 16 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG 8

9 Joutseno gasifier under construction 17 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG Joutseno gasifier building 18 ANDRITZ Carbona, Gasification Development Platforms for BTL and SNG 9

10 ANDRITZ Carbona Any questions? For further information please contact: Kari Salo Carbona Inc. Finland

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