Chattanooga s Photo Speed Enforcement Program

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1 Chattanooga s Photo Speed Enforcement Program Transportation Research Board Conference Atlanta, Georgia September 4, 2008 John W. Van Winkle, P.E. City Traffic Engineer

2 Photo Enforcement Systems First Appeared in Europe More Than 20 Years Ago First Red Light System in the U.S. in New York City in 1991 By 2006, at least 23 States & 120 Communities were using Photo Enforcement (Speed, Red Light, Railroads) Photo Enforcement of Toll Violations More Widespread

3 Why Photo Enforcement? Pressing need to Control Speeding on Roadways (City Streets, Neighborhoods, School Zones, & Work Zones) Epidemic of Red Light Violations Limited Police Resources Photo Enforcement Proven Effective in Other US Programs

4 States with Photo Enforcement in 2007

5 States with Photo Speed Programs Washington Oregon California Nevada Idaho Montana Utah Arizona Wyoming Colorado New Mexico North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Texas Minnesota Iowa Missouri Ark. Wisconsin Illinois Ind. Louisiana Kentucky Tennessee Miss. Ala. Ohio Georgia W. Va Florida Michigan New York Pennsylvania Virginia N. Carolina S. Carolina N.J. Maine V.I. N.H. Del. Md. Mass. Conn. R.I.

6 Photo Enforcement Benefits Proven to Reduce Accidents, Injuries & Fatalities Allows Police Departments to Apply Officers to Roaming Traffic Enforcement or Other Important Assignments in Community Allows Police Departments to Respond to Community Calls for Increased Enforcement at Problem Sites Control Speeds in Enforced Zones

7 Photo Enforcement Benefits Alters Driver Behavior that Spills over to Other Areas Improve Traffic Flow: Fewer Blocked Intersections Fewer Speed Related Accidents Violators Pay for System, Not Taxpayers Saves Lives!

8 Lessons Learned in Other States Follow the State Statute or Ordinance Use Public Awareness Campaign to Educate Citizens on Program Focus on and Promote Safety, Safety, Safety Work Closely with Police Department on Mobile Speed Enforcement Strategies

9 Myths About Photo Enforcement Budget Balancer/Money Grab Big Brother spying on law-abiding citizens Guilty until proven innocent Violation of the 14 th Amendment- the right for due process of law Cameras make too many mistakes

10 Chattanooga s Photo Enforcement Ordinance Sec Automated enforcement Penalty. Revenues generated shall be applied to the costs of administering the program and costs associated with traffic and safety education, engineering, and enforcement programs. A violation is a civil penalty, not a moving violation recorded by the police or on the vehicle owner s driving record

11 Speeding Problem Speed is a Major Cause of Fatal Accidents: Nationally, 31% of all fatal accidents are speed-related Speed-related accidents kill more than 1000 Americans every month Costs $40 Billion each year

12 Speeding Solutions Increase Police Presence Resource Intensive Limited Effectiveness when Police are Not Present at Problem Site Improved Markings (Signs, Flashing Lights with Signs, and Signs with Radar and Speed Display) Limited Long-Term Effectiveness

13 Speeding Solutions Speed Bumps in Neighborhoods Not appropriate for many sites Automated Camera Enforcement

14 Hixson Pike S Curves

15 Hixson Pike S Curves

16 Hixson Pike S Curves

17 Hixson Pike S Curves

18 Hixson Pike S Curves

19 Speed Photo Enforcement Major realignment or widening of Hixson Pike cost prohibitive Photo Enforcement options were studied and companies with different technologies were invited to Chattanooga for field tests in April 2006

20 Speed Photo Enforcement Speed camera system designed for Hixson Pike with four separate installations: two camera systems tracking northbound traffic and two tracking southbound traffic System activated June 15, 2007 Warning tickets issued for the first month Regular enforcement began on July 16, 2007

21 Speed Photo Enforcement Hixson Pike System: Detection by Laser Measures Vehicle Speed Camera Takes Picture of License Plate and Rear of Vehicle Controller Coordinates Between Assemblies and Communicates with Vender s Central Office via Broadband Access Permanently Pole Mounted 24 hour Monitoring

22 Fixed Speed Cameras Residential Installation Interstate Installation Bridge Installation

23 Speed Photo Enforcement System Takes Picture of Rear of Vehicle & License Plate Only Ticket Issued to Registered Owner of Vehicle $50.00 Fine with No Points on License

24 Citations issued between June 2007 & October 2007 Number of Citations Number of citations over 19 weeks from June to October 2007

25 Citations issued between June 2007 & March Number of Citations Weekly

26 Citations issued between June 2007 & July Number of Citations Monthly

27 60 85% Speeds Before & After Photo Enforcement Miles Per Hour Haywood Rivermont Linden Hall May 2004 September 2007

28 S Curves Accident History Fatal 2 (5 deaths) 4 (5 deaths) 0 Injury Total

29 S Curves Accident History 12 months of Accidents in S Curves 14 Property damage only 4 with injury, no fatalities 5+ months of 2007 (prior to cameras) 6 Accidents in S Curves 4 Property damage only 2 with injury, no fatalities Accident data since installation (12 months) 5 Accident in S Curves 4 Property damage only 1 with injury, no fatalities

30

31 Drag Racer Identified Location: 3016 (SB) Hixson Pike Date: Location: March , 2007 (SB) Hixson Pike Time: Date: 04:22:17 March 23, pm2007 Speed: Time: 58 04:22:11 pm Lane: Speed: 2 59 Lane: 1

32 Drag Racer Identified Location: 3016 (SB) Hixson Pike Date: March 23, 2007 Time: 04:22:17 pm Speed: 58 Lane: 2

33

34 Mobile Photo Enforcement Two vans with speed cameras are moved throughout the City for speed enforcement

35 Mobile Speed Vans

36 Mobile Photo Enforcement Van s camera system works the same as the fixed system on Hixson Pike

37 Mobile Photo Enforcement Mobility Allows a Wider Coverage Area and the ability to Respond to Citizen Calls for Increased Enforcement Emphasis on high Accident, Injury, & Fatality Locations

38 Chattanooga s Photo Enforcement Program- Making Our Streets Safer

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