POLISH INFORMATION AND FOREIGN INVESTMENT AGENCY

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1 POLISH INFORMATION AND FOREIGN INVESTMENT AGENCY Investment climate in Poland Marta Kokoszka Foreign Direct Investment Department Rogów, April 25th, 2012

2 Agenda I. Poland at the glance II. III. IV. Macroeconomic performance Human capital and more FDI trends V. Global acknowledgment VI. Incentives system

3 Poland - Key Facts Area: sq km 6th in European Union Population: 38,12 million 6th in European Union Currency: GDP: Polish Zloty (1 USD ~ 3.2 PLN, 1 EUR ~ 4.2 PLN) USD 723,032 billion (PPP, 2010) IMF data USD billion (PPP, 2011) IMF estimation GDP per capita: USD 18,981 (PPP, 2010) IMF data USD 20,136 (PPP, 2011) IMF estimation GDP growth: 1.8% (2009), 3.8% (2010), 4.0% (2011, EC forecast), 2.5% (EC forecast, 2012) Membership: EU, NATO, OECD, WTO, Schengen Zone

4 Competitive Advantages Location & economic fundamentals strategic location in continental Europe part of trans-european transportation corridor third fastest growing EU country in million consumers 1000 km radius 250 mn people Labor force young, well-educated work force ca 11% of university students in the EU 455 universities & high education schools language proficiency increasing labour productivity Investment incentives tax exemptions in 14 Special Economic Zones grants co-financed from the EU (EUR 90 bn) 2000 km radius 550 mn people

5 Agenda I. Poland at the glance II. III. IV. Macroeconomic performance FDI trends Human capital and more V. Global acknowledgment VI. Incentives system

6 GDP changes in recent years in 2009 Poland avoided recession & experienced the highest GDP growth in Europe GDP growth: 1.8% (2009), 3.8% (2010), 4.0% (2011, EC forecast), 2.5% (2012, EC forecast). IR -1,0% UK NO 0,4% DK 2,1% SE 5,5% FI 3,1% PL EE 3,1% LV -0,3% LT 1,3% in 2010 developed at one of the highest pace in Europe in ,3% FR 1,6% NL 1,8% BE 2,1% DE 3,6% IT CZ 2,4% AT 2,0% +3,8% SK 4,0% HU 1,2% RO -1,3% Poland continued to develop at the pace two times higher than the EU average PT 1,4% ES -0,1% 1,3% GR -4,5% BG 0,2% TR 7,5% Source: Eurostat

7 Unemployment rate 2/ % Zachodnio- -Pomorskie 18.8% Lubuskie 16.6% Pomorskie 13.4% Wielkopolskie 10.1% Kujawsko- -Pomorskie 18.0% Warmińsko- -Mazurskie 21.3% Mazowieckie 10.6% Podlaskie 15.0% Dolnośląskie 13.6% 15% > % < Opolskie 14.5% Łódzkie 13.8% Śląskie 11.1% as of the end of February 2012 Świętokrzyskie 16.3% Małopolskie 11.4% Source: Central Statistical Office, April 2012 Lubelskie 14.1% Podkarpackie 16.5%

8 Hourly labour costs in 2010 (in USD)* *total labour costs per year divided by the corresponding number of hours worked; covers Industry, construction & services Source: Eurostat, September 2011

9 Agenda I. Poland at the glance II. III. IV. Macroeconomic performance Human capital and more FDI trends V. Global acknowledgment VI. Incentives system

10 Students and graduates 20 m people aged 35 and less almost 2 m students > 430 thousand graduates every year > 90% of students know foreign languages 455 higher education institutions 18 universities 22 technical universities 95 academies of economics growing number of science students SZCZECIN ZIELONA GORA POZNAN WROCLAW Young engineers in Poland* Main academic centers City Students Graduates TRI-CITY BYDGOSZCZ/TORUN OPOLE KATOWICE LODZ Source: Central Statistical Office WARSZAWA KRAKOW OLSZTYN 360> KIELCE BIALYSTOK LUBLIN RZESZOW No. of students (thousands) 201 > < Warszawa Wroclaw Katowice Krakow Poznan Tricity Kielce Lodz Lublin Rzeszow *Disciplines: ICT; Mathematics and statistics; Engineering and technical; Physics. Source: CSO, data as of 2010

11 Talent shortage problem by country Talent shortage problem in Poland does not exist: only 4% of employers have trouble filling vacancies Poland ranks 1st among 39 countries surveyed by Manpower Source: Manpower 2011 Talent Shortage Survey

12 Trade union density (%) in OECD countries (2010) Korea* USA Poland Spain* Hungary** Slovakia** Czech Rep.* OECD area Japan Germany Portugal Netherlands* Greece** UK Austria Ireland* Italy Belgium* Norway* Sweden Denmark* Finland 10,0 11,4 15,0 15,9 16,8 17,2 17,3 18,1 18,4 18,6 19,3 19,4 24,0 26,5 28,1 33,7 35,1 Poland has one of the lowest trade union memberships among OECD countries * data for 2009 (data for 2010 not available) ** data for 2008 (data for 2010 and 2009 not available) 52,0 54,4 68,4 68,8 70,0 Source: OECD, Online OECD Employment database, December 2011

13 Modernisation of roads and railroads network Motorways and express roads In operation Under construction In a tender phase In preparation Source: GDDKiA, MI Railroads Till New constructions After 2020

14 Air transport GDAŃSK Passengers served by Polish airports (in millions) SZCZECIN BYDGOSZCZ ,4 19,1 20,6 18,9 20,5 ZIELONA GÓRA POZNAŃ MODLIN WARSZAWA ,07 7,55 11,5 ŁÓDŹ 5 WROCŁAW LUBLIN KATOWICE Direct flights to major European cities KRAKÓW RZESZÓW London Warsaw, Gdańsk, Wrocław, Kraków, Rzeszów, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Katowice, Poznan, Łódź Overseas flights European flights Domestic flights Airports under construction: Source: The Civil Aviation Office, 2011 Copenhagen Frankfurt Paris Munich Barcelona Madrid Roma Stockholm Warsaw, Szczecin, Gdańsk, Wrocław, Poznań, Kraków Warsaw, Gdańsk, Poznań, Rzeszów, Katowice, Wrocław, Kraków, Warsaw, Katowice, Kraków, Wroclaw, P oznan Warsaw, Wrocław, Katowice, Kraków, Poznan, Gdansk Warsaw, Katowice, Kraków, Wroclaw, Poznań Warsaw, Katowice, Kraków Warsaw, Katowice, Wroclaw, Kraków, Poznan Warsaw, Katowice, Kraków, Poznan, Gdansk

15 Agenda I. Poland at the glance II. III. IV. Macroeconomic performance Human capital and more FDI trends V. Global acknowledgment VI. Incentives system

16 FDI stock in Poland (EUR bn) Cumulative value of FDI EU 89,7% Geographical sources of FDI ,41 121,11 116,38 128,83 135,54 145,24 63,5 76, Major FDI investors in Poland (FDI stock at the end of 2010, bn EUR) Other countries 10,3% Source: National Bank of Poland 2011 Netherlands Germany France Luxembourg Italy USA Switzerland United Kingdom Austria Sweden

17 FDI flow into Poland in years (EUR bn) 15,7 17,2 10,3 10,2 10,0 9,86 9,9 8,3 6,4 6,70 4,4 4, śródło: NBP, 2011

18 Services and Manufacturing Hub in Poland (1) AUTOMOTIVE Gliwice, Tychy Wrocław, Jelcz Laskowice, Wałbrzych Poznań Other Manufactures HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES Łódź, Radomsko Wronki Wrocław, Kobierzyce Other Manufactures Wrocław ELECTRONICS Gorzów Wielkopolski Tczew, Kwidzyn Other Manufactures - TOP 2011 Source: PAIiIZ compilation, 2012

19 Services and Manufacturing Hub in Poland (2) AVIATION Rzeszów, Mielec, Świdnik Kalisz Other Manufactures BSS Kraków Wrocław Łódź Other Centers Wrocław R&D Wrocław Warszawa Other Centers - TOP 2011 Source: PAIiIZ compilation, 2012

20 Finnish ish investments in Poland Finnish FDI in Poland (at the end of 2010 ) 1,2 EUR bn Sector: Pulp and paper, publishing and printing; Investment: 23 mln EUR Employment: 460 Loaction: Krapkowice and Konstancin- Jeziorna Sector: Packaging Investment: 30 mln EUR Employment: 333 Loaction: Siemianowice Śląskie Sector: Paper Investment: 90 mln PLN Employment: 170 Loaction: Kobierzyce Sector: Machine Investment: 64 mln EUR Employment: 400 Loaction: Stargard Szczeciński Sector: Ceramics Investment: 100 mln PLN Employment: 250 Loaction: Koło Sector: Energy Investment: 530 mln PLN Employment: 260 Loaction: Częstochowa Sector: Paper Investment: 1,2 bln PLN Employment: 100 Loaction: Ostrołęka Sector: BPO Investment: 11 mln PLN Employment: 400 Loaction: Wrocław

21 Agenda I. Poland at the glance II. III. IV. Macroeconomic performance Human capital and more FDI trends V. Global acknowledgment VI. Incentives system

22 World Investment Report 2011 World s most attractive destinations for Foreign Direct Investments Rank 2011 (2010) Country 1 China 2 USA 3 India 4 Brazil 5 Russia 6 (12) Poland : : 9 Germany 13 UK 14 Singapore According to UNCTAD the key factors attracting FDI to Poland are: rapidly expanding domestic market size of the domestic market flexible & skilled labour force high quality/cost ratio FDI flows in USD bn ,24 1,5 1,7 1,9 Growth reasons: 1. Cash reserves of MNCs 2. Restructurization / Delocation 3. Undervalued companies Source: World Investment Report, 2011

23 Agenda I. Poland at the glance II. III. IV. Macroeconomic performance Human capital and more FDI trends V. Global acknowledgment VI. Incentives system

24 Regional Aid Map in Poland % 40% 50% 50% 40% 50% 30 % 50% 40% 50% 50% 50% 50% 40% 50% 50% Small enterprises can enjoy maximum intensity limits increased by 20 percentage point, medium-sized companies by 10%

25 Eligible expenditures Investment costs or Wage costs of ownership/ perpetual usufruct of land of material assets (e.g. machinery)- in case of other than MSE it must be new of intangible assets by the transfer of technology through the acquisition of patent rights, licenses, know-how or unpatented technical knowledge (for large companies eligible only up to a limit of 50 % of the total eligible investment expenditure for the project) of rent of land and buildings (must continue for at least 5 years or 3 years SME, after completion of the project) of rent of assets other than land and building - only in the form of financial leasing with obligation to buy an asset after its term of lease wage costs of a newly employed person calculated over a period of 2 years (comprising of the gross wage, before tax, and the compulsory social security contributions) newly employed mean employees hired after receiving a permit, but no longer than 3 years after completion of the project job creation means a net increase in the number of employees directly employed compared with the average over the previous 12 months

26 Forms of regional aid Tax breaks CIT exemption in Special Economic Zone available in one of 14 SEZ; exemption till 2020; tax rate 19% Real estate tax exemption Cash support Government grants through individual negotiations Cash grants available through EU Funds

27 Special Economic Zones A special economic zone (SEZ) is a designated area in which manufacturing or distribution activities can be conducted on preferential terms The purpose of SEZs is to support regional development Currently, there are 14 SEZs in Poland, each consisting of several subzones Total area of all SEZ hectares SEZ will operate until 2020 Permits to conduct activities in SEZ are issued by the authorities of each SEZ Minimum investment: EUR 100,000 Possibility of including the land selected by an investor into SEZ Benefits from obtaining a permit to conduct activities in SEZ : eligibility for income tax exemption a form of regional aid plot of land prepared for an investment project, available at a competitive price free assistance in dealing with formalities relating to the investment project

28 Government grants Program of support of investments of considerable importance for Polish economy Production automotive electronics aviation biotechnology big investment in other sectors Modern services ICT SSC BPO R&D activity Purpose of support development of innovativeness and competitiveness of Polish economy Result of support 50 programmes of total amount 13,5 bn PLN (since 2004 r.) 33,7 thous. of new jobs Source: PAIiIZ, Ministry of Economy

29 Government grants Sector New work places and Investment outlays Max. amount of support Support for creation of new jobs Production 250 PLN 40 m Modern services 250 PLN 2 m from PLN 3200 to PLN R&D 35 PLN 3 m Large investment in other sectors 500 PLN 1 bn

30 Government grants Sector New work places and Investment outlays Support for new investment Maximum amount of support Priority sectors 50 PLN 160 m Large investment in other sectors 500 PLN 1 bn 2% to 10.5% of investment outlays

31 More than EUR 87 billion in Operational Programmes will be financed from the EU Funds (more than EUR 67 bn) and Polish contribution (over EUR 20 bn) 24,8% 41,9% 1,0% 1,9% 3,4% 12,4% 14,5% Infrastructure and Environment Human Capital Innovative Economy (IE) Eastern Poland Development Programmes of the European Territorial Cooperation Objective Technical Assistance Regional Operational Programmes

32 Incentives available for BPO projects Available instruments? Minimum requirements Investment expenditures New job places Employment grant EU grant CIT exemption (SEZ) EUR 100,000 subject to negotiations How much? 3,200 15,600 PLN/work place max. 30% of investment expenditure To the maximum level of public aid for the project or to the end of existence of SEZ Measure 4.5, sub-measure 4.5.2

33 Incentives available for R&D projects Available instruments Minimum requirements Investment expenditures New job places Employment grant PLN 3 M 35 EU grant PLN 2 M 10 CIT exemption (SEZ) EUR 100,000 subject to negotiations How much? 3,200 15,600 PLN/work place Maximum intensity regional To the maximum level of public aid for the project or to the end of existence of SEZ Measure 4.5, sub-measure 4.5.2

34 Incentives available for manufacturing projects Available instruments? Minimum requirements Investment expenditures New job places Investment grant PLN 160 m 50 Employment grant PLN 40 m 250 EU grants PLN 160 m 150 CIT exemption (SEZ) EUR 100,000 subject to negotiations How much? % of investment outlays 3,200 15,600 PLN/work place max. 30% of investment expenditure To the maximum level of public aid for the project or to the end of existence of SEZ RET exemption depends on the location Measure 4.5, sub-measure 4.5.1

35 Subsidies for staff development Increasing employment and adaptability of enterprises and their employees, as well as upgrading the general level of education, reducing areas of social exclusion and supporting the development of administrative structures of the state. Example: OP Human Capital EUR 11,5 bn (EUR 9.7 bn EU) Measure 8.1. Development of staff and enterprises in regions (general and specialist training and consultancy services related to training for managing officers and enterprises staff) Beneficiaries: Entrepreneurs, Training institutions, Labour Market institutions, NGO s and others Source: EU Structural Funds in Poland, Ministry of Regional Development

36 General conditions of benefiting from regional aid The application for aid has to be submitted before work on the project starts The beneficiary of aid must provide a financial contribution of at least 25% of the eligible costs The investment has to be maintained for at least 5 years from the date of its completion (3 years in case of SMEs) Each newly created job has to be maintained for a period of at least 5 years from the date of its creation (3 years in case of SMEs) It is possible to combine various forms of regional aid however the total aid amount cannot exceed the admissible level

37 Agency s offer Investment process Considering of investment Long list of countries Agency s offer marketing campaigns, investment seminars, work-shops, study tours co-operation with Polish Embassies abroad PM assistance site visits macroeconomic and sectoral data, information on financial incentives, SEZ and EU funds Short list assistance in obtaining financial support from the state government co-operation with SEZ date base of suppliers and business partners and real estate data base Investment decision after-care services ombudsman for foreign investors

38 Thank you for your attention Warszawa, ul. Bagatela 12 tel. (+48 22) , fax (+48 22)

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