Taking Care: Child and Youth Mental Health ANXIETY WHAT IS IT?

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Taking Care: Child and Youth Mental Health ANXIETY WHAT IS IT?"

Transcription

1 Taking Care: Child and Youth Mental Health ANXIETY WHAT IS IT? Open Learning Agency 2004

2 WHAT IS IT? Anxiety is a normal human feeling characterized by worry, nervousness and fear. Not only does anxiety allow us to respond effectively to threatening and potentially dangerous situations, it also enables us to experience heightened sensations in stressful or new circumstances, which can propel us to achieve and excel in our endeavours. The stresses of modern day life can often provoke sensations of stress and anxiety, most of which are perfectly normal. A lot of kids experience anxiety from time to time and that s a normal and expected reaction; we can all remember being scared of monsters under the bed and that is not considered an anxiety disorder. But when a child starts to experience significant anxiety and when it begins to interfere with their schooling, social activities and home life, then it s time to question whether the child might have an anxiety disorder. Extreme or continual anxiety can become a crippling problem, leading to avoidance of specific situations and the inability to function effectively at school, work or home. So when does anxiety go from normal to abnormal? When it continues beyond several weeks and begins to interfere with normal functioning; when intense and prolonged feelings of fear and distress occur out of proportion to the actual threat or danger. For children and youth, abnormal levels of anxiety may compromise social, emotional and intellectual development, causing fear, apprehension or unusual behaviours that lead to dysfunction. According to the Anxiety Disorders Association of America, 2-5% of school-aged children refuse to attend school because of anxiety. Left untreated, anxiety can not only become chronic, but can lead to the development of other disorders, alcohol and drug abuse, and social withdrawal. In particular, people with untreated anxiety disorders are at a high risk for developing mood disorders, such as depression, as well. Prevalence Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problem. About 60,000, or 6.5% of children and youth in BC are coping with at least one anxiety disorder. Most children are on the mild end of the anxiety continuum, while approximately 2% are at the more extreme end with significant impairment in daily functioning. Age of onset The average age of onset for an anxiety disorder in children is roughly 10 to 12 years old. However, symptoms of anxiety typically start much earlier, and children as young as five can develop full-blown anxiety disorders. Development of the disorder often progresses gradually and becomes worse over time if left untreated. However, it is also common for teenagers to have a sudden onset of anxiety-related symptoms, which can later disappear. For example, many kids will have a panic attack around puberty and never develop panic disorder. In one community study, Page 2 of 6

3 19% of 13 year olds had early signs of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and most of those never went on to develop OCD. SYMPTOMS There are four main types of anxiety-related symptoms: psychological, physiological, emotional and behavioural. Younger children will primarily describe their physical symptoms, while teenagers may be more aware of their psychological and emotional responses to anxiety. Children with anxiety disorders can have varying reactions from upset and worry to anger, uncooperative behaviour and even aggression. Among the various types of anxiety disorders, the most common symptom exhibited by children is excessive worry or nervousness in response to something they are afraid of. This often results in children and youth being unable to attend school. Common symptoms include: Psychological Sleep problems Worried thoughts Negative thoughts Fear Inability to concentrate Physiological Racing heartbeat Stomach aches Muscle tension Fatigue Rapid breathing Emotional Tearfulness Anger Irritability Behavioural Clinginess Avoidance Withdrawal Inflexibility Aggression Inattentiveness Refusal to go to school Page 3 of 6

4 CO-MORBIDITY It is common for people with anxiety to have more than one mental health condition, such as a combination of anxiety and depression, or two different types of anxiety disorders. This is referred to as co-morbidity or concurrent disorders. In fact, about 50% of people with an anxiety disorder also become depressed. The Kaiser Foundation, which assists BC communities in preventing and reducing the harm associated with problem substance use and addictive behaviours, reports that studies show that 30% to 60% of people with one disorder actually meet the criteria for another mental disorder. The National Institute on Mental Health (NIMH) in the United States found that 51% of individuals who have a psychiatric disorder also have at least one substance abuse disorder. Depression caused by anxiety disorders often goes away upon successful treatment of the anxiety. TYPES There are seven main types of anxiety and each has mild, moderate and severe forms depending on the number and intensity of the symptoms. Separation Anxiety Most common in young children, this disorder is characterized by extreme anxiety that occurs upon separation from their caregivers. They may exhibit a refusal to go to school or to bed alone, and may even fear the sudden loss of their parents. These fears cause significant distress or impairment in social, academic or other areas of functioning. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) GAD is characterized by excessive, unrealistic worry that lasts six months or more. The disorder involves multiple worry themes, such as school, family and friend issues, health concerns, world issues (such as terrorism), personal performance issues, etc. In addition to chronic worry, GAD symptoms include trembling, muscular aches, insomnia, upset stomach, dizziness and irritability. Some people with GAD experience panic attacks due to extreme anxiety associated with excessive worry. Some will engage in behaviours such as excessive checking, reassurance seeking, distraction or self-medicating, none of which are effective in treating the disorder and can lead to worse problems. Phobias People with phobias have overwhelming feelings of terror or panic when confronted with a feared object, situation or activity. Some people experience a panic attack in such a situation. Many phobias are common, such as a fear of enclosed spaces, airplanes or spiders, but are only diagnosed as phobias if they interfere with school, work, social or daily functioning. Specific phobias can develop at any age including childhood. They can be caused by exposure to a traumatic or frightening event, or by learning to fear something because others do. Page 4 of 6

5 Panic Disorder Panic attacks involve a sudden feeling of intense fear and impending doom. They are characterized by shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, trembling and shaking, sweating, a feeling of choking, chest pain, nausea, dizziness, a feeling of disconnect from reality and even a fear of dying. Though they are generally short in length, they can increase in frequency if left untreated. This disorder often develops in the teen years and can result in specific avoidance of situations that can cause anxiety and an inability to go on with daily activities. In many cases, panic symptoms are so dramatic and physical that children or teens are checked for all kinds of medical problems. Factors that can trigger panic attacks include lack of sleep, poor nutrition, caffeine, drugs and alcohol, overwhelming stress, medical problems and some medications. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Less common, this disorder is characterized by compulsive acts which the sufferer uses as a way of coping with the anxiety created by an obsession, which is a recurring unpleasant thought, image or impulse. These thoughts occur repeatedly in spite of efforts not to think about them, and include fear of germs, violent thoughts, frightening or rude mental pictures, fear of doing something wrong, self-doubt and a need for things to be even or symmetrical. Compulsions are generally repetitive behaviours, such as hand washing, or mental acts such as repeating words. OCD usually begins during adolescence or early childhood and can onset suddenly or build gradually over time. In children, OCD may be characterized by unreasonable anxiety, temper tantrums, stubborn habits, lack of cooperation or other behavioural problems. In teenagers, it may lead to avoiding school or friends and fighting with parents. People with OCD are very stressed and can be irritable, angry and withdrawn. Social Anxiety Disorder This form of anxiety comes in response to social or performance situations and is characterized by palpitations, tremors, sweating, gastrointestinal discomfort, diarrhea, muscle tension, blushing or confusion. In severe cases, it may lead to a panic attack. People with social anxiety disorder have one thing in common: excessive fear of embarrassment or being negatively judged by other people. Recent studies suggest that social anxiety disorder is the most common anxiety disorder with approximately seven to 13 out of every 100 people meeting the criteria at some point in their lifetime. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) This anxiety disorder involves re-experiencing traumatic events through nightmares, flashbacks, persistent frightening thoughts and memories, anger or irritability. The symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder include emotional numbness, an overall sense of anxiety and dread, or guilt about one s own survival. A child s risk of developing PTSD is related to the seriousness of the trauma and whether it was repeated. Following the trauma, children may initially show agitated or confused Page 5 of 6

6 behaviour, intense fear, helplessness, anger, sadness, horror or denial. Children who experience repeated trauma may develop a kind of emotional numbing to block the pain; this is called dissociation. Children with PTSD may also worry about dying at an early age, lose interest in activities, experience physical symptoms such as headaches and stomach aches, have problems sleeping and concentrating, and act clingy or whiny. The symptoms of PTSD may last from several months to many years. Page 6 of 6

Anxiety Disorders. Agoraphobia

Anxiety Disorders. Agoraphobia Anxiety Disorders Most of us know what it feels like to get anxious now and then. The sensations of a racing heart or butterflies in the stomach are normal responses to fear or stress. These feelings of

More information

Anxiety Disorders. What are anxiety disorders?

Anxiety Disorders. What are anxiety disorders? Anxiety Disorders What are anxiety disorders? Everyone knows what it's like to feel anxious-the "butterflies" in your stomach before that first date, the "jitters" before giving a speech, the sweaty palms

More information

UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO. Anxiety Disorders. TASK: Recognize warning signs and symptoms of Anxiety Disorders.

UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO. Anxiety Disorders. TASK: Recognize warning signs and symptoms of Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety Disorders TASK: Recognize warning signs and symptoms of Anxiety Disorders. STANDARDS: Soldiers will understand how recognize signs of anxiety and better assist others when one may be having symptoms

More information

ANXIETY DISORDERS. TASK: Recognize warning signs and symptoms of Anxiety Disorders.

ANXIETY DISORDERS. TASK: Recognize warning signs and symptoms of Anxiety Disorders. TASK: Recognize warning signs and symptoms of Anxiety Disorders. STANDARDS: Soldiers will understand how recognize signs of anxiety and better assist others when one may be having symptoms or showing signs

More information

Anxiety Disorders. Symptoms Checklist Presence of symptoms determines the assigning of a diagnosis

Anxiety Disorders. Symptoms Checklist Presence of symptoms determines the assigning of a diagnosis Anxiety Disorders Symptoms Checklist Presence of symptoms determines the assigning of a diagnosis Panic Attack Palpitation, pounding heart, or accelerated heart rate Sweating Trembling or shaking Sensations

More information

Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety: An unpleasant emotional state characterized by physical arousal and feelings of tension, apprehension or worry.

Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety: An unpleasant emotional state characterized by physical arousal and feelings of tension, apprehension or worry. Anxiety Disorders LP Psy Disorders BB:Psydisorder anxiety 1 Anxiety: An unpleasant emotional state characterized by physical arousal and feelings of tension, apprehension or worry. Anxiety is normal. Abnormal

More information

`çããçå=jéåí~ä= aáëçêçéêëw=^åñáéíó=~åç= aééêéëëáçå. aêk=`=f=lâçåü~ jéçáå~ä=aáêéåíçê lñäé~ë=kep=cçìåç~íáçå=qêìëí=

`çããçå=jéåí~ä= aáëçêçéêëw=^åñáéíó=~åç= aééêéëëáçå. aêk=`=f=lâçåü~ jéçáå~ä=aáêéåíçê lñäé~ë=kep=cçìåç~íáçå=qêìëí= `çããçå=jéåí~ä= aáëçêçéêëw=^åñáéíó=~åç= aééêéëëáçå aêk=`=f=lâçåü~ jéçáå~ä=aáêéåíçê lñäé~ë=kep=cçìåç~íáçå=qêìëí= Overview: Common Mental What are they? Disorders Why are they important? How do they affect

More information

GUIDANCE FOR CAREGIVERS: CHILDREN OR TEENS WHO HAD A LOVED ONE DIE IN THE EARTHQUAKE

GUIDANCE FOR CAREGIVERS: CHILDREN OR TEENS WHO HAD A LOVED ONE DIE IN THE EARTHQUAKE GUIDANCE FOR CAREGIVERS: CHILDREN OR TEENS WHO HAD A LOVED ONE DIE IN THE EARTHQUAKE Introduction to trauma The earthquake was a terrifying disaster for adults, children, families, and communities. The

More information

Anxiety, Panic and Other Disorders

Anxiety, Panic and Other Disorders Methodist Assistance Program Anxiety, Panic and Other Disorders Anxiety, panic and other disorders such as agoraphobia, social phobia, compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder are all very

More information

Symptoms, Treatment and Self-Help for PTSD

Symptoms, Treatment and Self-Help for PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptoms, Treatment and Self-Help for PTSD After a traumatic experience, it's normal to feel frightened, sad, anxious, and disconnected. But if the upset doesn't fade

More information

Postpartum Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Postpartum Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Postpartum Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Emotional Recovery: Postpartum Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder By: Lisa Houchins Published: July 23, 2013 Emotions vary widely after

More information

Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety: An unpleasant emotional state characterized by physical arousal and feelings of tension, apprehension or worry.

Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety: An unpleasant emotional state characterized by physical arousal and feelings of tension, apprehension or worry. LP 14BB: anxiety disorders 1 Anxiety Disorders Anxiety: An unpleasant emotional state characterized by physical arousal and feelings of tension, apprehension or worry. Anxiety is normal. Abnormal anxiety

More information

MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS

MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS 2 MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS Just as we can develop problems with our physical health, mental health problems will be experienced by many of us over the course of our lives. Mental health problems range from

More information

Understanding Mental Illness Healing Friends Training Module 1

Understanding Mental Illness Healing Friends Training Module 1 Understanding Mental Illness Healing Friends Training Module 1 Objectives To know the myths about mental illness To know the causes of mental illness To have a basic knowledge of common mental illnesses

More information

9/11Treatment Referral Program How to Get Care

9/11Treatment Referral Program How to Get Care 9/11Treatment Referral Program How to Get Care Health 9/11 Treatment Referral Program The 9/11 Treatment Referral Program was created to help enrollees and others find care for WTC-related health problems.

More information

PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS

PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS 20 PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS Feeling happy, or crying when one is hurt, are some common actions which we all engage in some time or the other. Most of the time we act as the situation demands us to, that

More information

Anxiety. Providing services we would be happy for our own families to use

Anxiety. Providing services we would be happy for our own families to use Anxiety Providing services we would be happy for our own families to use An information guide for Anxiety This booklet aim to: Give you an understanding of Anxiety, it s causes and symptoms Provide information

More information

Anxiety Disorders. How Common Are Anxiety Disorders?

Anxiety Disorders. How Common Are Anxiety Disorders? F A C T S A B O U T Anxiety s Most people experience feelings of anxiety before an important event such as a big exam, business presentation, or first date. Anxiety disorders, however, are illnesses that

More information

Anxiety Disorders: An Exceptionally Common Set of Mental Health Disorders. Panic attacks are characteristic of all anxiety disorders 3/6/2009

Anxiety Disorders: An Exceptionally Common Set of Mental Health Disorders. Panic attacks are characteristic of all anxiety disorders 3/6/2009 Anxiety Disorders: An Exceptionally Common Set of Mental Health Disorders Ann R. Poindexter, M.D. Anxiety disorders are extremely common in the general population, as well as in people with developmental

More information

Mental Health Awareness. Haley Berry and Nic Roberts Nottinghamshire Mind Network

Mental Health Awareness. Haley Berry and Nic Roberts Nottinghamshire Mind Network Mental Health Awareness 2015 Haley Berry and Nic Roberts Nottinghamshire Mind Network The aim of this training:! to provide you with a basic understanding of mental health and mental illness. What do you

More information

CHAPTER 4 ANXIETY DISORDERS. Highlights

CHAPTER 4 ANXIETY DISORDERS. Highlights CHAPTER 4 ANXIETY DISORDERS Highlights Anxiety disorders affect 12% of the population, causing mild to severe impairment. For a variety of reasons, many individuals may not seek treatment for their anxiety;

More information

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD Introduction Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, is a common disorder in which a person experiences disabling anxiety after a traumatic event. People with PTSD

More information

The Link Between Trauma and Substance Misuse: Thinking about the Unthinkable

The Link Between Trauma and Substance Misuse: Thinking about the Unthinkable The Link Between Trauma and Substance Misuse: Thinking about the Unthinkable Dr Lisa Reynolds Greater Glasgow and Clyde NHS Trauma Service: The Trauma and Homelessness Team Aims of Discussion Definition

More information

Traumatic Stress. and Substance Use Problems

Traumatic Stress. and Substance Use Problems Traumatic Stress and Substance Use Problems The relation between substance use and trauma Research demonstrates a strong link between exposure to traumatic events and substance use problems. Many people

More information

As mentioned above, anxiety disorders commonly affect both men and women, though they occur more often in women. They also develop in children.

As mentioned above, anxiety disorders commonly affect both men and women, though they occur more often in women. They also develop in children. What are anxiety disorders? Feeling anxious at times is a normal part of life. It can even be helpful when it alerts you to danger. Anxiety becomes a disorder when it occurs frequently, feels intense,

More information

Supporting Someone with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Summary A normal response to trauma becomes PTSD when someone becomes stuck:

Supporting Someone with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Summary A normal response to trauma becomes PTSD when someone becomes stuck: Supporting Someone with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) This handout defines Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), ways to cope and how to support someone with PTSD. The Skills Booklet provides

More information

USVH Disease of the Week #1: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

USVH Disease of the Week #1: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) USVH Disease of the Week #1: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Effects of Traumatic Experiences A National Center for PTSD Fact Sheet By: Eve B. Carlson, Ph.D. and Josef Ruzek, Ph.D. When people find

More information

Psychological Impact of Disasters Clinical and General Approaches

Psychological Impact of Disasters Clinical and General Approaches Psychological Impact of Disasters Clinical and General Approaches Dr.V.D.Swaminathan Professor of Psychology & Director in charge University Students Advisory Bureau, University of Madras Disaster means

More information

Traumatic Stress and Substance Abuse Problems

Traumatic Stress and Substance Abuse Problems Traumatic Stress and Substance Abuse Problems The relation between substance use and trauma Research demonstrates a strong link between exposure to traumatic events and substance use problems. Many people

More information

Understanding anxiety and depression

Understanding anxiety and depression Understanding anxiety and depression www.beyondblue.org.au 1300 22 4636 Anxiety Over two million people in Australia experience anxiety each year. On average, one in three women and one in fve men will

More information

CHAPTER 6 Diagnosing and Identifying the Need for Trauma Treatment

CHAPTER 6 Diagnosing and Identifying the Need for Trauma Treatment CHAPTER 6 Diagnosing and Identifying the Need for Trauma Treatment This chapter offers mental health professionals: information on diagnosing and identifying the need for trauma treatment guidance in determining

More information

Specific Phobias. Anxiety Disorders Association of America

Specific Phobias. Anxiety Disorders Association of America Specific Phobias Everyone thinks that once I ve driven on the highway, I ve conquered it. They just don t understand... I don t understand. It s a day-in and day-out struggle. What is a phobia? We all

More information

Martha T Hinson, M.Ed. Licensed Professional Counselor National Board Certified Counselor

Martha T Hinson, M.Ed. Licensed Professional Counselor National Board Certified Counselor Martha T Hinson, M.Ed. Licensed Professional Counselor National Board Certified Counselor General uneasiness to panic attacks and phobias Excessive fears and worries, feelings of restlessness Continual

More information

BRIEF NOTES ON THE MENTAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

BRIEF NOTES ON THE MENTAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS BRIEF NOTES ON THE MENTAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS The future of our country depends on the mental health and strength of our young people. However, many children have mental health problems

More information

Mental Health First Aid Awareness

Mental Health First Aid Awareness Mental Health First Aid Awareness Presenter: Kate Brooks / Michelle Bakjac Registered Psychologist / CHG Accredited Trainer Course Overview What is mental illness What is mental health first aid and why

More information

Provide parents and carers with information around what changes they might notice if they have also experienced a trauma.

Provide parents and carers with information around what changes they might notice if they have also experienced a trauma. Aims This guide aims to: Give parents and carers an understanding of what trauma is and some of the common reactions you might see in children and young people who have experienced a trauma (examples of

More information

The High Anxiety Personality. People with anxiety-related problems share many of the same personality traits:

The High Anxiety Personality. People with anxiety-related problems share many of the same personality traits: Anxiety and Panic Anxiety and fear are normal responses to a perceived threat. Anxiety is usually triggered by a vague or ill-defined threat while fear is usually triggered by a well-defined threat, such

More information

FACT SHEET. What is Trauma? TRAUMA-INFORMED CARE FOR WORKING WITH HOMELESS VETERANS

FACT SHEET. What is Trauma? TRAUMA-INFORMED CARE FOR WORKING WITH HOMELESS VETERANS FACT SHEET TRAUMA-INFORMED CARE FOR WORKING WITH HOMELESS VETERANS According to SAMHSA 1, trauma-informed care includes having a basic understanding of how trauma affects the life of individuals seeking

More information

Mental Health and Older Adults

Mental Health and Older Adults Mental Health and Older Adults Working effectively with clients who have a mental illness. Kathleen Renfree, LCPC What is Mental Health? Mental Health is the successful performance of mental function,

More information

Anxiety, anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders. Zoltán Hidasi

Anxiety, anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders. Zoltán Hidasi Anxiety, anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders Zoltán Hidasi Anxiety Definition Normal anxiety Signs and symptoms Anxiety disorders Anxiolitic therapy Special importance for dentists Fear v. anxiety

More information

BRIDGES and Mental Health Recovery. Ramona Taylor, M.A., CMPS BRIDGES Program Director, Mental Health America of Eastern Missouri

BRIDGES and Mental Health Recovery. Ramona Taylor, M.A., CMPS BRIDGES Program Director, Mental Health America of Eastern Missouri BRIDGES and Mental Health Recovery Ramona Taylor, M.A., CMPS BRIDGES Program Director, Mental Health America of Eastern Missouri Two Parts to This Presentation: Part One: The Pitch Part Two: The Product

More information

WHAT IS PTSD? A HANDOUT FROM THE NATIONAL CENTER FOR PTSD BY JESSICA HAMBLEN, PHD

WHAT IS PTSD? A HANDOUT FROM THE NATIONAL CENTER FOR PTSD BY JESSICA HAMBLEN, PHD WHAT IS PTSD? A HANDOUT FROM THE NATIONAL CENTER FOR PTSD BY JESSICA HAMBLEN, PHD Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that can occur following the experience or witnessing of a

More information

Fact Sheet: POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER

Fact Sheet: POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER Fact Sheet: POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER What is post traumatic stress disorder? Frightening and overwhelming traumatic experiences can have a strong impact on your mind and emotions, especially if they

More information

MENTAL HEALTH ANXIETY DISORDERS

MENTAL HEALTH ANXIETY DISORDERS MENTAL HEALTH ANXIETY DISORDERS WHAT ARE ANXIETY DISORDERS? Anxiety disorders are characterized by worry, physical sensations such as a racing heart, sweating palms and shortness of breath, and efforts

More information

Perinatal Mood and Anxiety Disorders

Perinatal Mood and Anxiety Disorders Perinatal Mood and Anxiety Disorders Mother love in infancy and childhood is as important for mental health as are vitamins and proteins for physical health ~ John Bowlby YOU ARE NOT TO BLAME The Spectrum

More information

Impact of Trauma. Anne G. Studzinski Illinois Childhood Trama Coalition

Impact of Trauma. Anne G. Studzinski Illinois Childhood Trama Coalition Impact of Trauma Anne G. Studzinski Illinois Childhood Trama Coalition Learning Objectives 1. Be able to give one example of a one-time traumatic event and a chronic or repeated event. 2. Be able to describe

More information

FACT SHEET Anxiety Problems in Children and Youth: Information for Families

FACT SHEET Anxiety Problems in Children and Youth: Information for Families FACT SHEET Anxiety Problems in Children and Youth: Information for Families This content is cited in whole from ementalhealth.ca website. The IWK Health Centre generously thanks them for permission to

More information

Traumatic Stress with Alcohol and/or Drug Addiction

Traumatic Stress with Alcohol and/or Drug Addiction Traumatic Stress with Alcohol and/or Drug Addiction information for individuals and families Eastern Trauma Advisory Panel What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)? How people react to a traumatic

More information

POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD)

POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) arises as an immediate, delayed and/or protracted response to a traumatic or stressful event of an exceptionally threatening

More information

Non-epileptic seizures

Non-epileptic seizures Non-epileptic seizures a short guide for patients and families Information for patients Department of Neurology Royal Hallamshire Hospital What are non-epileptic seizures? In a seizure people lose control

More information

Identifying and Treating Dual-Diagnosed Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders. Presented by: Carrie Terrill, LCDC

Identifying and Treating Dual-Diagnosed Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders. Presented by: Carrie Terrill, LCDC Identifying and Treating Dual-Diagnosed Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders Presented by: Carrie Terrill, LCDC Overview What is Dual Diagnosis? How Common is Dual Diagnosis? What are Substance Use

More information

A Sierra Tucson Publication. An Introduction to Mood Disorders & Treatment Options

A Sierra Tucson Publication. An Introduction to Mood Disorders & Treatment Options A Sierra Tucson Publication An Introduction to Mood Disorders & Treatment Options 0 Introduction The term mood disorder refers to a category that includes the following mental health issues: Anxiety Disorders

More information

PRINCIPLES OF CAREGIVING: AGING AND PHYSICAL DISABILITIES

PRINCIPLES OF CAREGIVING: AGING AND PHYSICAL DISABILITIES PRINCIPLES OF CAREGIVING: AGING AND PHYSICAL DISABILITIES CHAPTER 3 PSYCHOLOGICAL/EMOTIONAL CONDITIONS CONTENTS A. Emotional Impact of Chronic Disease or Disability B. Emotional Impact of Aging C. Anxiety

More information

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Substance Abuse. Impacts ALL LEVELS of Leadership

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Substance Abuse. Impacts ALL LEVELS of Leadership Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Substance Abuse Impacts ALL LEVELS of Leadership What IS Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) PTSD is an illness which sometimes occurs after a traumatic event such

More information

ANXIETY DISORDERS. Acknowledgements: Most of the information included in this chapter was obtained from the Handbook for

ANXIETY DISORDERS. Acknowledgements: Most of the information included in this chapter was obtained from the Handbook for ANXIETY DISORDERS Acknowledgements: Most of the information included in this chapter was obtained from the Handbook for Psychiatry, 2005, Mental Health Information Centre of SA, Department of Psychiatry,

More information

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and TBI. Kyle Haggerty, Ph.D.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and TBI. Kyle Haggerty, Ph.D. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and TBI Kyle Haggerty, Ph.D. Learning Objects What is Brain Injury What is PTSD Statistics What to Rule Out PTSD and TBI Treatment Case Study What is Brain Injury

More information

PTSD: Updated. Karen Kattar, Psy.D. Psychologist and PTSD Clinic Director Phoenix VA Healthcare System

PTSD: Updated. Karen Kattar, Psy.D. Psychologist and PTSD Clinic Director Phoenix VA Healthcare System PTSD: Updated Karen Kattar, Psy.D. Psychologist and PTSD Clinic Director Phoenix VA Healthcare System Overview New Diagnostic Criteria Resources/Apps Timely Topic: Anger, aggressiveness and PTSD Citation:

More information

Anxiety and Education Impact, Recognition & Management Strategies

Anxiety and Education Impact, Recognition & Management Strategies Anxiety and Education Impact, Recognition & Management Strategies Dr Amanda Gamble Centre for Emotional Health (formerly MUARU) Macquarie University, Sydney. WHY SHOULD I BE CONCERNED? 1 Prevalence of

More information

Anxiety, Fear, and Depression

Anxiety, Fear, and Depression Anxiety, Fear, and Depression Having cancer affects your emotional health A cancer diagnosis can have a huge impact on most patients, families, and caregivers. Feelings of depression, anxiety, and fear

More information

Referral Criteria for Berkshire Specialist CAMHs

Referral Criteria for Berkshire Specialist CAMHs Referral Criteria for Berkshire Specialist CAMHs Berkshire CAMHs is a specialist child and adolescent mental health service that provides support, advice, guidance and treatment for children and young

More information

EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIOURAL CONSEQUENCES OF HEAD INJURY

EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIOURAL CONSEQUENCES OF HEAD INJURY Traumatic brain injury EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIOURAL CONSEQUENCES OF HEAD INJURY Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common neurological condition that can have significant emotional and cognitive consequences.

More information

Brief Review of Common Mental Illnesses and Treatment

Brief Review of Common Mental Illnesses and Treatment Brief Review of Common Mental Illnesses and Treatment Presentations to the Joint Subcommittee to Study Mental Health Services in the 21st Century September 9, 2014 Jack Barber, M.D. Medical Director Virginia

More information

Coping with Grief and Loss After a Traumatic Event

Coping with Grief and Loss After a Traumatic Event Coping with Grief and Loss After a Traumatic Event Overview Coping with grief and loss following a traumatic event. In the days after a traumatic event In the weeks and months after a traumatic event When

More information

PROBE FOR UP TO THREE EXAMPLES: Anything else [that made you (worried or anxious/nervous or anxious/anxious or worried)]? CIRCLE ALL MENTIONS.

PROBE FOR UP TO THREE EXAMPLES: Anything else [that made you (worried or anxious/nervous or anxious/anxious or worried)]? CIRCLE ALL MENTIONS. 10/02/01 GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER SECTION (G) *G1 INTRO 1. (RB, PG 14-15) Earlier you mentioned having a time in your life when you were "a worrier". The next questions are about that time. Looking

More information

Suzanne R. Merlis, Psy. D. Georgia-LLC Licensed Psychologist

Suzanne R. Merlis, Psy. D. Georgia-LLC Licensed Psychologist Suzanne R. Merlis, Psy. D. Georgia-LLC Licensed Psychologist If going to asylum officer at affirmative stage: ASYLUM OFFICER, ARLINGTON ASYLUM OFFICE In the Matter of Mr. X Respondent If referred to judge:

More information

What Parents Can Do. From the National Institute of Mental Health. Helping Children and Adolescents Cope with Violence and Disasters

What Parents Can Do. From the National Institute of Mental Health. Helping Children and Adolescents Cope with Violence and Disasters Helping Children and Adolescents Cope with Violence and Disasters For Parents of Children Exposed to Violence or Disaster What Parents Can Do From the National Institute of Mental Health Violence or natural

More information

Child Welfare Trauma Referral Tool

Child Welfare Trauma Referral Tool Module 4, Activity 4F; Module 4, Activity 4G Child Welfare Trauma Referral Tool This measure is designed to help child welfare workers make more trauma-informed decisions about the need for referral to

More information

Anxiety and the Classroom:

Anxiety and the Classroom: Anxiety and the Classroom: Anxiety: a feeling of apprehension, often related to a past event, or a potential future one. Often accompanied by physiological or cognitive arousal and distress. Anxiety is

More information

Anxiety and depression in men

Anxiety and depression in men Anxiety and depression in men Summary Anxiety and depression in men are common and treatable. Anxiety and depression are illnesses, not weaknesses, and effective treatments are available. Taking action

More information

1. You feel like you don t have control over your mind or physical body.

1. You feel like you don t have control over your mind or physical body. 9 Signs Your Anxiety Is A Problem (And What You Can Do About It) Everyone experiences anxiety it s part of life. But when anxiety becomes extreme or excessive it can start to impact your life in negative

More information

DISCOVERY HEALTH MATTERS. Mental Health

DISCOVERY HEALTH MATTERS. Mental Health DISCOVERY HEALTH MATTERS Mental Health Vol 9 2013 Discovery Health Matters Discovery Health Matters is a layman s guide to important, but often misunderstood topics in healthcare. The information contained

More information

Bodily Distress Syndrome (BDS)

Bodily Distress Syndrome (BDS) Bodily Distress Syndrome (BDS) Patient drawing of her symptoms (Fatigue, dizziness, memory impairment, concentration difficulty, headache, migraine, insomnia, vomiting, muscular pain, nausea, feeling seedy,

More information

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder & Substance Misuse

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder & Substance Misuse Post Traumatic Stress Disorder & Substance Misuse Produced and Presented by Dr Derek Lee Consultant Chartered Clinical Psychologist Famous Sufferers. Samuel Pepys following the Great Fire of London:..much

More information

How can I help my children with their grief?

How can I help my children with their grief? How can I help my children with their grief? Children view death and feel grief in different ways as they grow and develop. This booklet suggests ways to help children at different stages. However, each

More information

Memory, Behaviour, Emotional and Personality Changes after a Brain Injury

Memory, Behaviour, Emotional and Personality Changes after a Brain Injury Memory, Behaviour, Emotional and Personality Changes after a Brain Injury The consequences of a brain injury on any individual, family or relationship are far reaching. A brain injury not only impacts

More information

Psychiatric Issues and Defense Base Act Claims. Dr. Michael Hilton

Psychiatric Issues and Defense Base Act Claims. Dr. Michael Hilton Psychiatric Issues and Defense Base Act Claims Dr. Michael Hilton Criteria for DSM-IVRPosttraumatic Stress Disorder with changes now in effect with DSM5 a. The person has been exposed to a traumatic event

More information

Understanding Grief. A guide for the bereaved, family and friends. The road may be difficult but we do not have to travel it alone.

Understanding Grief. A guide for the bereaved, family and friends. The road may be difficult but we do not have to travel it alone. Understanding Grief A guide for the bereaved, family and friends The road may be difficult but we do not have to travel it alone. Grief... the response to loss Grief can be described as the human experience

More information

Adult Information Form Page 1

Adult Information Form Page 1 Adult Information Form Page 1 Client Name: Age: DOB: Date: Address: City: State: Zip: Home Phone: ( ) OK to leave message? Yes No Work Phone: ( ) OK to leave message? Yes No Current Employer (or school

More information

IDENTIFYING MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES

IDENTIFYING MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES 4 IDENTIFYING MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES If a child has a mild learning disability or has a good level of verbal communication, they may have similar symptoms to the

More information

HELPING YOUNG CHILDREN COPE WITH TRAUMA

HELPING YOUNG CHILDREN COPE WITH TRAUMA HELPING YOUNG CHILDREN COPE WITH TRAUMA Disasters are upsetting to everyone involved. Children, older people, and/or people with disabilities are especially at risk. For a child, his or her view of the

More information

Postnatal anxiety and depression

Postnatal anxiety and depression What Dads and Mums need to know Postnatal anxiety and depression What Dads and Mums need to know 1 Postnatal Depression and Anxiety Feelings and emotions after birth Having a baby can be an exciting time,

More information

Prescription Drug Abuse

Prescription Drug Abuse Prescription Drug Abuse Introduction Most people take medicines only for the reasons their health care providers prescribe them. But millions of people around the world have used prescription drugs for

More information

A Guide to Anxiety Disorders

A Guide to Anxiety Disorders A Guide to Anxiety Disorders Most people feel anxious from time to time. However, anxiety can become abnormal if it interferes with your day-to-day activities. Anxiety is a symptom of various anxiety

More information

Stress Assessment questionnaire

Stress Assessment questionnaire MySkillsProfile Report Stress Assessment questionnaire Dave Smith myskillsprofile.com around the globe Report The SAQ questionnaires are copyright MySkillsProfile.com. MySkillsProfile.com developed and

More information

Alcohol and Health. Alcohol and Mental Illness

Alcohol and Health. Alcohol and Mental Illness Alcohol and Mental Illness Adapted from Éduc alcool s series, 2014. Used under license. This material may not be copied, published, distributed or reproduced in any way in whole or in part without the

More information

Helping Families Deal with Stress Related to Disasters

Helping Families Deal with Stress Related to Disasters Helping Families Deal with Stress Related to Disasters Diana DelCampo, Ph.D., Child Development and Family Life Specialist ddelcamp@nmsu.edu A disaster is an event that: Involves the destruction of property,

More information

Tool Kit for Childhood & Adolescent Anxiety Management

Tool Kit for Childhood & Adolescent Anxiety Management Tool Kit for Childhood & Adolescent Anxiety Management Tool Kit for Management of Childhood & Adolescent Anxiety The clinical tool kit is intended to assist the PCP in assessing the needs of the child/adolescent,

More information

Welcome New Employees. Clinical Aspects of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, Addictive Diseases & Co-Occurring Disorders

Welcome New Employees. Clinical Aspects of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, Addictive Diseases & Co-Occurring Disorders Welcome New Employees Clinical Aspects of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, Addictive Diseases & Co-Occurring Disorders After this presentation, you will be able to: Understand the term Serious

More information

PANIC DISORDER PANIC DISORDER FOUR DIMENSIONS OF PANIC. 1) EMOTIONAL: feel nervous, feel tense feeling dizzy, unsteady, lightheaded, or faint

PANIC DISORDER PANIC DISORDER FOUR DIMENSIONS OF PANIC. 1) EMOTIONAL: feel nervous, feel tense feeling dizzy, unsteady, lightheaded, or faint DISORDER DISORDER Pan Greek god (satyr), scared people DISORDER WITHOUT AGORAPHOBIA agora- meeting or market place DISORDER WITH AGORAPHOBIA AGORAPHOBIA WITHOUT HISTORY OF AGORAPOBIA WITH HISTORY OF 1

More information

THE EFFECTS OF FAMILY VIOLENCE ON CHILDREN. Where Does It Hurt?

THE EFFECTS OF FAMILY VIOLENCE ON CHILDREN. Where Does It Hurt? THE EFFECTS OF FAMILY VIOLENCE ON CHILDREN Where Does It Hurt? Child Abuse Hurts Us All Every child has the right to be nurtured and to be safe. According to: Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

More information

4/25/2015. Traumatized People, Service Delivery Systems, and Learning from 9/11 (NYC)

4/25/2015. Traumatized People, Service Delivery Systems, and Learning from 9/11 (NYC) Traumatized People, Service Delivery Systems, and Learning from 9/11 (NYC) Ryan Edlind MS, MSW, LISW-S April 29, 2015 Traumatized People, Service Delivery Systems, and Learning from 9/11 (NYC) Ryan Edlind

More information

The treatment of. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults and children

The treatment of. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults and children The treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults and children Understanding NICE guidance information for people with PTSD, their advocates and carers, and the public The paragraphs are

More information

For Mental Health and Human Services Workers in Major Disasters

For Mental Health and Human Services Workers in Major Disasters Page 1 of 5 Home Programs Mental Health Topics Newsroom Publications Resources This Site Search For Mental Health and Human Services Workers in Major Disasters POTENTIAL RISK GROUPS Online Publications

More information

National Defence. Défense nationale A-MD-007-144/JD-004. Preparing for CRITICAL incident. Stress

National Defence. Défense nationale A-MD-007-144/JD-004. Preparing for CRITICAL incident. Stress National Defence Défense nationale A-MD-007-144/JD-004 Preparing for CRITICAL incident Stress Foreword This publication is presented as a resource for the Department of National Defence (DND) community,

More information

Self-Esteem and Mental Health. Chapter 3. Contents

Self-Esteem and Mental Health. Chapter 3. Contents Self-Esteem and Mental Health Contents Section 1 Building Your Self-Esteem Section 2 Using Good Communication Skills Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Section 4 Understanding Mental Disorders Section

More information

Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety Specified. Anxiety. Anxiety Disorders: Diagnosing & Conceptualizing

Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety Specified. Anxiety. Anxiety Disorders: Diagnosing & Conceptualizing Anxiety Disorders: Diagnosing & Conceptualizing Anxiety Disorders Feeling of uneasiness Brings people into med docs and then psychotherapists Definite form of human suffering 1 2 Anxiety Disorders Anxiety

More information

How Emotional/ Psychological Trauma Affects the Body

How Emotional/ Psychological Trauma Affects the Body How Emotional/ Psychological Trauma Affects the Body Objectives: Define trauma What is the relationship between physical health and PTSD? Identify how trauma is assessed/screened How can family members

More information

How to Recognize Depression and Its Related Mood and Emotional Disorders

How to Recognize Depression and Its Related Mood and Emotional Disorders How to Recognize Depression and Its Related Mood and Emotional Disorders Dr. David H. Brendel Depression s Devastating Toll on the Individual Reduces or eliminates pleasure and jo Compromises and destroys

More information

Chapter 14. Psychological Disorders

Chapter 14. Psychological Disorders Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders We ve Come a Long Way Trepanning Ancient priests or medicine men cut holes into the skills of living persons, to release the demons. What is Abnormality Psychopathology

More information

Understanding Post- Traumatic Stress. A Normal Reaction to Abnormal Events

Understanding Post- Traumatic Stress. A Normal Reaction to Abnormal Events Understanding Post- Traumatic Stress A Normal Reaction to Abnormal Events A traumatic event is an emotional shock. It is not easy to take in what has happened and to come to terms with it. After a trauma,

More information