L A W ОN RADIATION PROTECTION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY I. BASIC PROVISIONS. Subject Matter

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1 L A W ОN RADIATION PROTECTION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY I. BASIC PROVISIONS Subject Matter Article 1 This Law stipulates measures for protection of human life, health and environment from harmful effects of ionising radiation and nuclear safety measures regarding nuclear activities and regulates the conditions for practices with sources of ionising radiation and nuclear materials, as well as radioactive waste management. The provisions hereof shall not apply to naturally occurring cosmic ionising radiation at the ground level, ionizing radiation from the Earth s crust and human body unless such radiation has been modified by human activities. The provisions hereof shall not apply to the nuclear facilities whose construction has been banned under a special legislation. Bans Article 2 It is forbidden to perform practices with sources of ionising radiation and nuclear materials without approval prior issued by the Serbian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency. Any research or activity aimed at the development, production and use of nuclear weapons, as well as the use of nuclear materials for the production of nuclear weapons and other explosive devices is forbidden. Imports in the territory of the Republic of Serbia of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel of foreign origin are forbidden. The installation of radioactive lightning rods is forbidden in the territory of the Republic of Serbia. The installation of ionising smoke detectors with an ionising radiation source in gaseous state or an ionising radiation source whose decay products are in gaseous state is forbidden. Meanings of Terms Article 3 Certain terms used herein shall have the meanings as follows: 1) activity is the number of radioactive material decays per unit of time; 2) accident is an unexpected event, human error, equipment breakdown or other irregularity whose consequences or potential consequences are not negligible from the aspect of radiation protection, nuclear or radiation safety or security; 3) decommissioning is a set of technical and administrative activities performed by the user of a nuclear or radiation facility (except a radioactive waste disposal facility), following the permanent shut-down of such facility, achieving the release of such facilities from any further regulatory control;

2 - 2-4) decontamination is a procedure for removal or reduction of contamination levels, including the measures for removal of immediate risk of contamination, measures for control of further spread of contamination, isolation and safe removal of sources of contamination, as well as actions related to the assessment of risk for contamination and analysis of environmental damage due to contamination; 5) permit is an official written document issued by the Serbian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency for individual act of trade of one or several sources of ionising radiation, radioactive and nuclear materials; 6) environment is a set of natural and manmade values whose interactions make the surroundings that is the living space and life conditions; 7) environmental protection is a set of measures preventing harmful effects of ionising radiation in the environment and removing the consequences of such radiation; 8) radiation protection is a set of measures preventing harmful effects of exposure to ionizing radiation; 9) sources of ionising radiation are substances, devices and facilities that emit or may emit ionising radiation; 10) public exposures are exposures due to an accident or exposures due to authorized practices with sources of ionising radiation except the medical or occupational exposure and exposure to the basic level of naturally occurring radiation (background radiation); 11) ionising radiation exposure is act or conditions resulting in irradiation of a human body by ionising radiation; 12) intervention levels are the levels of expected irradiation which could occur as a result of an accident or chronic ionising radiation exposure when special protection measures shall be undertaken; 13) interventions are systematic, pre-planned measures reducing the existing level of ionising radiation exposure or the possibility of irradiation by ionising radiation as a consequence of an accident; 14) ionising radiation is electromagnetic or particle radiation which may produce ions and cause harmful effects on human life and health and the environment; 15) contamination is an unplanned and undesirable presence of a radioactive material, as well as the process towards its presence on surfaces or in solid, liquid or gaseous bodies (including the human organism), above prescribed limits; 16) use of sources of ionising radiation is possession, working with the sources, production, installation, servicing and storage; 17) licence is an official written document issued by the Serbian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency to a legal person or entrepreneur as evidence that all required conditions for performing a radiation practice or nuclear activity have been met; 18) medical exposure is patient exposure and the exposure of persons assisting patients during the medical application of sources of ionising radiation, but not being occupationally exposed persons, as well as persons voluntarily involved in medical research programmes with the application of sources of ionising radiation; 19) radioactivity monitoring is a set of measurements, processing and interpretation of measurement results of radiation and other parameters related to the assessment and control of the public exposure levels;

3 - 3-20) Illicit trafficking of nuclear and radioactive materials is any reception, possession, supply, use, transfer or disposal of a nuclear or radioactive material in the territory of the Republic of Serbia or on crossing the state border without adequate authorization of the Serbian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency; 21) licensee for performing a radiation practice is a legal person or entrepreneur with a licence to perform a radiation practice; 22) licensee for performing a nuclear activity is a legal person with a licence to perform a nuclear activity; 23) nuclear safety is a set of measures ensuring the operational conditions of a nuclear facility, preventing nuclear accidents or alleviating their consequences, that is, reducing radiation risk to the required level; 24) nuclear activities are import, export, use and transport of a nuclear material, exploitation of ores containing a nuclear material, locating, designing, construction, trial run, commissioning, use, permanent shut-down and decommissioning of nuclear facilities and recovery of their sites, as well as radioactive waste management; 25) nuclear material is plutonium except if isotopic concentration of Pu-238 exceed 80%; uranium U-233; uranium enriched in isotopic content of U-235 or U-233; uranium with naturally-occurring composition, with its concentration higher than in the ores or processing residues, as well as the mixture of that materials; 26) nuclear facility is a facility where nuclear materials exist or are used, including the facilities for storage, treatment and disposal of radioactive waste; 27) radioactive waste disposal is a set of actions and activities for permanent storage of radioactive waste; 28) approval or authorisation is a set of operations and activities undertaken by the Serbian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency under a prescribed procedure and based on an appropriate application submitted by a legal person or entrepreneur for issuing a licence, permission, certificate or decision on the fulfilment of required conditions for performing an activity or practice as provided for hereunder; 29) the basic level of naturally occurring radiation (background radiation) is total ionising radiation coming from natural sources or sources in the environment not subjected to control; 30) confirmation of notification is an official written document issued by the Serbian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency to a legal person or entrepreneur performing practice of low radiation risk, that is, using low activity sources of ionizing radiation; 31) potential exposure is any exposure that is unexpected, and which may be a consequence of an accident at a radioactive source or series of uncontrolled events, including the errors occurring due to handing or equipment breakdown; 32) daughter is a nuclide produced as a result of radioactive decay; 33) registration or notification is an official written document submitted in a required form by a legal person or entrepreneur to the Serbian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency in order to give the information on the type of sources of ionising radiation they use, possess or intend to use; 34) naturally occurring radionuclides are radionuclides that occur in the nature, not produced by human activity (uranium, radium, thorium, etc.);

4 - 4-35) trade of sources of ionising radiation, radioactive and nuclear materials is procurement, sales, import, export, transit and any other means of trade of such materials; 36) occupationally exposed persons are persons working with sources of ionising radiation or who are in the ionizing radiation fields in the course of their work; 37) radiation practice is any activity (operation) with sources of ionising radiation that may cause increased levels of exposure to ionizing radiation of occupationally exposed persons and population; 38) radiation and nuclear security, that is, radioactive and nuclear material security or security of facilities where such materials are stored is a set of measures for preventing unauthorised access, damage, loss, theft and unauthorised trade of radiation and nuclear materials, or facilities where such materials are located; 39) radiation safety is a set of prescribed organizational and technicaltechnological measures providing the optimal planned exposure and optimal risk of potential exposure to ionising radiation, which is the consequence of using sources of ionising radiation, including radiation protection measures, accident prevention measures, as well as measures for remediation of accident consequences, if any; 40) radiation facilities are facilities where one or several sources of ionising radiation are located, whose irradiation risk is such that it may cause the occupational and public exposure above the required limits; 41) radiation risk is a threatening health effect during ionising radiation exposure, taking into account the probability of such exposure, any safety-related risk, including ecosystems in the environment, which may arise as a result of ionising radiation exposure, presence of radioactive materials, including radioactive waste or their discharge into the environment, loss of control over the nuclear reactor core, nuclear chain reaction, radioactive source or any other source of ionising radiation; 42) radioactive material is a material containing one or several radionuclides whose total and specific activities are above the prescribed limits; use; 43) radioactive waste is a radioactive material which is not intended for further 44) radioactivity is a physical phenomena where atoms spontaneously decay with emission of one or several types of ionising radiation, such as alpha, beta, neutron and gamma radiation; 45) radionuclide is a nuclide or atom with defined atomic number, atomic mass and energy state, which is radioactive; 46) decision is an official written document issued by the Serbian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency to a legal person which meets the requirements for performing the radiation protection activity, radiation practice or nuclear activity, or to an entrepreneur who meets the requirements for performing a radiation practice in accordance with this Law; 47) radioactive waste storage is placing of radioactive waste at a location under control of an authorised legal person; 48) specific activity of radioactive material is the activity per unit mass of such material; 49) external exposure is the exposure arising due to the ionising radiation from the sources outside the human body; 50) internal exposure is the exposure arising due to the ionising radiation from the sources within the human body;

5 - 5-51) radioactive waste management is a set of administrative and operational activities in waste handling, treatment, temporary storage, storage, transport (only within the designated location) and disposal, as well as effluent discharge. II. RADIATION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AND SECURITY PROGRAMMES AND RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME Programme Types Article 4 In order to provide the conditions for implementing the policy in the area of radiation and nuclear safety and security and the policy of radioactive waste management, the Government, at the proposal of the Serbian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency, shall pass the Radiation Safety and Security Programme, Nuclear Safety and Security Programme and Radioactive Waste Management Programme in line with the regulation on the strategic assessment of environmental impact. The Programmes under Paragraph 1 hereof serve to determine long-term plans and objectives regarding radiation protection, nuclear activities and radioactive waste management, as well as the system of control and physical protection of nuclear facilities and nuclear materials in accordance with the standards and principles of the international organizations in these areas, as well as international commitments. The Serbian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency shall deliver the annual report on implementation of Programmes under Paragraph 1 hereof to the Government and the ministry responsible for the radiation protection, the ministry responsible for the nuclear safety and radioactive waste management and the authority responsible for the national security. III. SERBIAN RADIATION PROTECTION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AGENCY Foundation Article 5 In order to provide the conditions for quality and efficient implementation of radiation protection measures and nuclear safety measures while carrying out radiation practices and nuclear activities, the Government shall found the Serbian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (hereinafter referred to as: Agency), as a by itself regulatory organization performing public authorizations in accordance with the law. The founding and legal position of the Agency shall be subject to the provisions of the law governing public agencies. The consent to the official document defining the amount of salaries and the number of employees in the Agency shall be given by the Government. The Agency is responsible for: Agency s Tasks Article 6

6 - 6-1) passing the bylaws for implementing this Law; 2) passing the Programme of Systematic Environmental Radioactivity Examination; 3) passing the Programme for Additional Training and Qualification of Occupationally Exposed Persons and Persons Responsible for Radiation Protection; 4) passing the Programme of Early Warning of Emergency 5) preparing the draft Programmes under Article 4 hereof; 6) preparing the draft Action Plan in the Case of an Accident; 7) producing instructions and procedures required for implementing radiation and nuclear safety and security measures; 8) issuing, extending and revoking licences for performing a radiation practice or nuclear activity; 9) issuing and revoking permits for trade of radioactive and nuclear materials; 10) issuing, extending and revoking decisions for legal entities or entrepreneurs on performing radiation protection activities, a radiation practice or nuclear activity; 11) issuing confirmation of notification for sources of ionising radiation; 12) issuing certificates to persons responsible for radiation protection; 13) setting the amount of fees for issuing licenses, permits, decisions, confirmationof registration and other certificates; 14) keeping the registry of applications and issued licenses, permits, decisions, confirmation of notification and other certificates; 15) setting up and maintaining a database (centralised registry) on sources of ionising radiation and their users, occupationally exposed persons, and other data relevant for radiation protection, radiation and nuclear safety and security; 16) keeping the centralised records on nuclear facilities, nuclear materials and radioactive waste and running control over the records kept by users; 17) monitoring the radioactivity levels and their changes and assessing their impact on the population and the environment and in that relation ordering the implementation of required measures and monitoring their execution; 18) publishing the annual report on the exposure levels of the population to ionising radiation in the Republic of Serbia; 19) running the control of the fulfilment of conditions serving as the basis for issued licences, permits and decisions under Items 8), 9) and 10) hereof; 20) ensure the transparency in working on the enforcement of this Law and in the procedure for passing bylaws; 21) delivering to the media, responsible government authorities and the International Atomic Energy Agency the information of relevance for radiation and nuclear safety and security; 22) conducting the cooperation with responsible government authorities in its scope of activities; 23) conducting independently or in coordination with the responsible government authorities the cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency

7 - 7 - and other international bodies and the responsible authorities of other countries regarding the enforcement of this Law; 24) giving opinion at the request of the responsible government authorities regarding the joining to the international conventions and other agreements in the field of radiation and nuclear safety and security; 25) performing other operations provided for under the law. The tasks under Paragraph 1, Items 1), 2), 3), 4), 8), 9), 10), 11), 12), 14), 15), 16), 17) and 21) hereof shall be performed by the Agency as entrusted tasks. IV. RADIATION PROTECTION Fundamental Principles Article 7 Radiation protection in radiation practices, nuclear activities and radioactive waste management shall be based on the following principles: 1) justification of application conditions and permissibility to perform the present and future radiation practices, nuclear activities and radioactive waste management activities shall be determined and assessed according to the economic, social and other benefit which their performance provides to the society as opposed to the radiation risks that may occur due to their performance, taking into account the best available data on their efficiency or consequences; 2) optimization of radiation protection every activity must be performed so as to have exposure to ionizing radiation as low as it is objectively achievable given the economic and social factors; 3) individual exposure limitation radiation practice must be planned so as to have individual exposures always below prescribed limits. Radiation Protection Measures Article 8 Radiation protection measures implemented for the purpose of the protection of human lives and health and the environmental protection from the harmful effects of ionising radiation are: 1) systematic environmental radioactivity examination; 2) determination of conditions for production, trade and use of sources of ionizing radiation; 3) provision and use of the equipment and radiation protection devices and control of such protection efficiency; 4) radioactivity monitoring, limiting or banning the production, trade and use of products and production ingredients which are contaminated by radionuclides above the required limits; 5) keeping records on sources of ionising radiation; 6) keeping records on materials and raw materials which in a technicaltechnological process increase the concentration of naturally occurring radionuclides above the prescribed limits; 7) keeping records on exposure to ionizing radiation of occupationally exposed persons, patients and population;

8 - 8-8) determination of operational conditions and implementation of required safety measures against the harmful effects of ionising radiation at work; 9) control and monitoring of occupationally exposed persons health status; 10) providing training and qualifications of staff in the area of radiation protection; 11) personal and collective radiation protection of people; 12) implementation and application of measures from the Action Plan in the Case of an Accident; 13) collection, storage, treatment and disposal of radioactive waste; 14) set-up of quality management system for radiation protection measures; 15) radioactivity control of goods on import, export and transit; 16) prevention of the illicit trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials; 17) decontamination of people, work and living environment. Systematic Environmental Radioactivity Examination Article 9 Systematic environmental radioactivity examination (hereinafter referred to as: radioactivity monitoring) shall be performed in order to determine the presence of radionuclides in the environment and to assess the level of public exposure to ionizing radiation in normal circumstances, in case of suspicion of an emergency and during the emergency. The radioactivity monitoring under Paragraph 1 hereof shall be performed in line with the Programme of Systematic Environmental Radioactivity Examination passed by the Agency. The Programme under Paragraph 2 hereof determines the places, time intervals, types and methods of systematic environmental radioactivity examination. The Programme under Paragraph 2 hereof shall be subject to the Government consent. Conditions for Performing Radioactivity Monitoring Article 10 Radioactivity monitoring or some examinations within may be performed by a legal person which: 1) has an employee with university degree acquired at university studies in mathematics and natural sciences or technical-technological sciences, with three years of experience in measuring radioactivity in the environmental samples; 2) has an adequate laboratory space for processing, measuring and retention of samples; 3) has standard laboratory equipment for sample preparation; 4) has specific measuring equipment meeting the required metrological conditions; 5) has adequate computer hardware and software; 6) is accredited with the national or international accreditation body.

9 - 9 - The Agency shall stipulate detailed conditions to be fulfilled by the legal person performing operations under Paragraph 1 hereof. The Radioactivity Monitoring Report Article 11 The legal person performing radioactivity monitoring undertakes to deliver to the Agency the radioactivity monitoring report not later than 31 May of the current year for the previous year, or immediately in case of an accident or at the request of the Agency. The assessment of the levels of public exposure to ionizing radiation is done based on the radioactivity monitoring under Article 9 hereof and other examinations at the request of the Agency. Based on the results of radioactivity monitoring, the Agency shall monitor the public exposure, order urgent measures to be taken in case of increase of radioactivity and do assessment of the doses received by the population. The Agency shall publish in particular expert publication the annual report on the levels of public exposure to ionizing radiation. The funds for covering the radioactivity monitoring costs and the assessment of the level of public exposure, as well as the assessment of medical exposure are provided from the Agency s revenues and the budget of the Republic of Serbia. Limits of Radionuclide Content Article 12 Drinking water, foodstuff, feeding stuffs, medicines, general use products, construction materials and other goods shall not be put on the market if they contain radionuclides above the prescribed limits. The Agency shall stipulate the limits of radionuclide content for the products under Paragraph 1 hereof. Conditions for Performing Measurements of Radionuclide Content Article 13 The measurement of radionuclide content in products under Article 12 Paragraph 1 hereof may be performed by the legal person which: 1) has an employee with university degree acquired at university studies in mathematics and natural sciences or technical-technological sciences, with three years of experience in measuring radioactivity in the environmental samples; 2) has an adequate laboratory space for processing, measuring and retention of samples; 3) has standard laboratory equipment for sample preparation; 4) has specific measuring equipment meeting the required metrological conditions; 5) has adequate computer hardware and software; 6) is accredited with the national or international accreditation body.

10 The Agency shall stipulate detailed conditions to be fulfilled by the legal person performing operations under Paragraph 1 hereof. Increase of Naturally Occurring Radionuclides Concentrations in the Technical-Technological Process Article 14 If the concentration of naturally occurring radionuclides increase in a technical-technological process above the limits set for the environmental contamination, the legal person or entrepreneur shall keep the records on the matter and deliver them to the Agency. The Agency shall stipulate the content and periods for delivering the records under Paragraph 1 hereof and determine the list of legal entities and entrepreneurs who in a technical-technological process face the increases in the concentration of naturally occurring radionuclides above the limits set for the environmental contamination. The Agency undertakes, based on the delivered records, to assess the degree of threat to human health and the environment and order implementation of the radiation protection measures. The costs of implementing the radiation protection measures shall be borne by the legal person or entrepreneur under Paragraph 1 hereof. Programme of Early Warning of Emergency Article 15 For the purpose of early detection of an accident that threatens or may threaten the territory of the Republic of Serbia, a system for early warning of emergency shall be put in place to provide continual measurements of ambient dose equivalent rate, based on the Programme of early warning of emergency passed by the Agency. The Programme under Paragraph 1 hereof shall be subject to Government consent. Conditions for Performing Measurements for the Early Warning of Emergency Article 16 Measurements for the early warning of emergency may be performed by the legal person which: 1) has an employee with university degree acquired at university studies in mathematics and natural sciences or technical-technological sciences, with three years of experience in measuring radioactivity in the environmental samples; 2) has an adequate laboratory space for processing, measuring and retention of samples; 3) has standard laboratory equipment for sample preparation; 4) has specific measuring equipment meeting the required metrological conditions; 5) has adequate computer hardware and software;

11 - 11-6) is accredited with the national or international accreditation body. The Agency shall stipulate detailed conditions to be fulfilled by the legal person performing measurements under Paragraph 1 hereof. The funds for implementing the Programme under Article 15 hereof and measurement costs for early warning of emergency shall be provided from the Agency revenues and the budget of the Republic of Serbia. Project of the Radiation Safety and Security Measures Article 17 Project of the radiation safety and security measures is an integral part of technical documentation for facilities where sources of ionising radiation have been or are to be used, and the implementation of which ensures that such facilities meet the required level of protection for the occupationally exposed persons, population and environment from ionising radiation. The Agency shall stipulate the content of project under Paragraph 1 hereof for each radiation practice. The Agency shall give its consent to the Project of the radiation safety and security measures. Conditions for Development of Project of the Radiation Safety and Security Measures Article 18 Development of Project of the radiation safety and security measures may be performed by the legal person which: 1) has an employee with university degree acquired at graduate university studies in mathematics and natural sciences or technical-technological sciences, with three years of experience in designing radiation protection measures; 2) has an adequate space for computer hardware and project documentation; 3) has computer hardware and software for data evaluation and processing and relevant standardised programmes for designing and calculation for radiation protection measures. The Agency shall stipulate detailed conditions to be met by the legal person performing the design of radiation safety and security measures. Measurements for Assessment of Exposure to Ionizing Radiation Article 19 In order to assess the level of exposure to ionizing radiation of occupationally exposed persons, patients and population, the required measurements are performed in accordance with this Law. The Agency shall stipulate the types, manner and time intervals of measurements in order to assess the level of ionising radiation exposure of occupationally exposed persons, patients and population. Measurements to assess the level of ionising radiation exposure of occupationally exposed persons, patients and population are performed by the legal person which:

12 - 12-1) has an employee with university degree acquired at graduate university studies in mathematics and natural sciences or technical-technological sciences, with three years of experience in measurements to assess the level of ionising radiation exposure; 2) has an adequate laboratory space for processing, measuring and retention of samples; 3) has standard laboratory equipment for sample preparation; 4) has specific measuring equipment meeting the required metrological conditions; 5) has adequate computer hardware and software; 6) is accredited with the national or international accreditation body. The Agency shall stipulate detailed conditions to be fulfilled by the legal person performing measurements under Paragraph 1 hereof. Exposure Assessment of the Occupationally Exposed Persons, Patients and Population Article 20 The legal person under Article 19, Paragraph 3 hereof undertakes to perform the required measurements under Article 19 hereof and to keep records on performed measurements for purpose of assessment of the exposure level to ionizing radiation of occupationally exposed persons, patients and population and to deliver the report on such measurements to the Agency. The Agency shall stipulate the content of the report on measurements under Paragraph 1 hereof, the manner of record-keeping, retention time for the records, as well as the notification procedure towards the responsible authorities. Programme of Additional Training and Specialized Education Article 21 In order to implement additional training and qualification in the area of radiation protection, the Agency shall pass the Programme of Additional Training and Specialized Education for occupationally exposed persons and people responsible for implementing radiation protection measures and shall publish it in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia. The Programme under Paragraph 1 hereof shall be subject to the Government consent. Conditions for Providing Additional Training and Specialized Education Article 22 The additional training and specialized education for occupationally exposed persons and people responsible for implementing radiation protection measures in accordance with the Programme under Article 21 hereof may be performed by the legal person which: 1) has an employee with university degree acquired at graduate university studies in mathematics and natural sciences or technical-technological sciences, with three years of experience in implementing radiation protection measures;

13 - 13-2) has an adequate space, training aids and the equipment for practical work and conducting the training and education in accordance with the Programme under Article 21 hereof. The Agency shall stipulate detailed conditions to be fulfilled by the legal person performing additional training and specialized education for occupationally exposed persons and people responsible for implementing radiation protection measures. Measurements to Control the Quality Management System Article 23 Measurements to control the quality management system of the radiation protection measures may be performed by the legal person which: 1) has an employee with university degree acquired at graduate university studies in mathematics and natural sciences or technical-technological sciences, with three years of experience in measurements to control the quality management system in terms of the implementation quality of radiation protection measures; 2) has an adequate laboratory space for processing, measuring and retention of samples; 3) has standard laboratory equipment for sample preparation; 4) has specific measuring equipment meeting the required metrological conditions; 5) has adequate computer hardware and software; 6) applies the accredited examination methods and quality management system. The Agency shall stipulate detailed conditions to be fulfilled by the legal person performing activities under Paragraph 1 hereof. Decontamination of Work and Living Environment Article 24 Decontamination of work and living environment may be performed by the legal person which: 1) has an employee with university degree acquired at graduate university studies in mathematics and natural sciences or technical-technological sciences, with three years of experience in implementing radiation protection measures; 2) has an adequate laboratory decontamination space and space for temporary storage of radioactive waste materials; 3) has personal protection devices; 4) has specific portable measuring equipment meeting the required metrological conditions, as well as adequate decontamination means and equipment; 5) has special-purpose vehicle for transport of radioactive materials. The Agency shall stipulate detailed conditions to be fulfilled by the legal person performing the decontamination of the work and living environment.

14 Decontamination of Persons Article 25 Decontamination of persons (hereinafter referred to as: human decontamination) may be performed by the legal person which: 1) has an employee with university degree acquired at graduate university studies in mathematics and natural sciences or technical-technological sciences, with three years of experience in implementing radiation protection measures; 2) has an adequate laboratory space for human decontamination and space for temporary storage of radioactive waste materials; 3) has specific measuring equipment meeting the required metrological conditions; 4) has adequate standardized means for human decontamination. The Agency shall stipulate detailed conditions to be fulfilled by the legal person performing human decontamination. Authorisation for Performing Radiation Protection Activities Article 26 Based on the fulfilment of required conditions, the Agency shall authorise under its decision a legal person for performing the activities under Articles 10, 13, 16, 18, 19, 22, 23, 24, 25 and 70 hereof. The decision on performing activities under Paragraph 1 hereof shall be issued within 30 days after filing the application and documentation proving that the required conditions have been fulfilled. The decision shall be issued for the five-year period and it shall be nontransferable. The legal person under Paragraph 1 hereof undertakes to report to the Agency any change in data on the fulfilment of conditions which served as the basis for issuing the decision. The authorised legal person under Paragraph 1 hereof undertakes, 60 days before the termination of the decision, to file for an extension with the Agency. The extension of the decision shall be granted for the same period and under the same conditions that served as the basis for issuing the previous decision. Against the decision issued by the Agency to the legal person in the area of radiation protection, an appeal may be filed to the Minister responsible for radiation protection. The decision by the Minister under Paragraph 7 hereof shall be final. The list of authorised legal entities for performing the activities under Paragraph 1 hereof shall be published in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia. The issued decisions shall be subject to record-keeping by the Agency.

15 Revocation of Authorization prior to Expiration Article 27 The Agency shall revoke the authorisation from the authorised legal person prior to expiration of the decision if: 1) the legal person ceases to fulfil any of the required conditions that served as the basis for issuing the decision; 2) the legal person fails to inform the Agency of the accident observed while doing activities in radiation protection; 3) the Agency establishes that the legal person does not perform activities in radiation protection in accordance with this Law, or if within a set time period the legal person fails to remove the faults and failures in their activities; 4) the legal person does not perform the required measurements or conceals the data or delivers false data, relevant for undertaking radiation protection measures. Records on Performed Activities Article 28 The authorised legal person under Article 26, Paragraph 1 hereof undertakes to keep records on performed activities in radiation protection and to deliver the records data to the Agency not later than 31 January of the current year for the previous year. The form and content of the records under Paragraph 1 hereof shall be stipulated by the Agency. Conditions for Performing a Radiation Practice Article 29 The legal person or entrepreneur may perform a radiation practice if they fulfil the following conditions: 1) the buildings and premises where sources of ionising radiation are produced, stored or handled meet the technical, safety and other required conditions ensuring the protection of people and the environment from ionising radiation; 2) the people working with sources of ionising radiation are provided with adequate devices for radiation protection, as well as ionising radiation measuring equipment; 3) such employees should be engaged who, depending on the type of radiation practice performed, have the required professional qualification and fulfil the required health conditions for working with sources of ionising radiation; 4) such measures should be implemented which prevent radioactive waste to cause the environmental contamination; 5) radioactive material, x-ray devices and other devices generating ionising radiation should be secured and used and traded with in accordance with the required conditions; 6) other radiation protection measures should also be implemented for performing a radiation practice stipulated under this Law.

16 The Agency shall stipulate the detailed conditions under Paragraph 1 hereof to be fulfilled by the legal person or entrepreneur for performing a radiation practice. Licence for Performing a Radiation Practice Article 30 Pursuant to the fulfilment of the required conditions under Article 29 hereof, the Agency shall issue to a legal person or entrepreneur the license for performing a radiation practice. The legal person or entrepreneur may not commence the performance of a radiation practice if they have not previously obtained the licence for performing such radiation practice. The licence for performing a radiation practice shall be issued under a decision within 30 days following the filing of an application with documentation proving that the required conditions have been met for performing the radiation practice. The licence for performing a radiation practice shall be issued for the period of five years. The legal person or entrepreneur undertakes to report to the Agency any change in data on the fulfilment of conditions that served as the basis for issuing the licence for performing a radiation practice. The legal person or entrepreneur undertakes, 60 days before the expiration of the licence, to file for an extension with the Agency. The extension of the licence for performing a radiation practice shall be granted for the same period and under the same conditions that served as the basis for issuing the previous licence. Against the Agency decision on issuing or extension of the licence for performing a radiation practice, an appeal may be filed to the Minister responsible for radiation protection. The decision of the Minister under Paragraph 8 hereof shall be final. Person Responsible for Radiation Protection Article 31 The legal person or entrepreneur having been granted the licence for performing a radiation practice undertakes to nominate a person responsible for radiation protection. The person responsible for radiation protection undertakes to conduct internal monitoring over the application of radiation protection measures; take care of implementing personal dosimetry control and procurement of protection means; take care of implementing health control over occupationally exposed persons; take care of professional skills of employees for implementing radiation protection measures; take care of regular control over sources of ionising radiation within set timelines; organize that protection measures should be undertaken in case of an accident; ensure record-keeping; attends inspection control and performs other operations concerning sources of ionising radiation as determined by the Agency or that are required according to the provisions hereof. The person responsible for radiation protection shall have at least the secondary school degree in the adequate profession, work experience in radiation

17 protection and additional skills and training in accordance with the Programme under Article 21, Paragraph 1 hereof. The Agency shall stipulate the professional qualification type and degree for the person responsible for radiation protection, work experience in radiation protection and additional skills and training, depending on the radiation practice. Based on the fulfilment of the required conditions, the Agency shall issue a certificate to the person responsible for radiation protection. Confirmation of Notification Article 32 The legal person or entrepreneur performing a low-risk radiation practice, that is, using sources of ionising radiation with low-level activities does not undertake to obtain a licence for such type of practice, but undertakes to obtain from the Agency the confirmation of notification for such sources. The Agency shall stipulate the sources of ionising radiation for the use of which the legal person or entrepreneur undertakes to obtain the confirmation of notification, as well as the sources of ionising radiation for the use of which the legal person or entrepreneur does not undertake to obtain the confirmation of notification. Licensee s Obligations for Performing a Radiation Practice Article 33 The licensee for performing a radiation practice undertakes to: 1) regularly maintain and service sources of ionising radiation; 2) keep the required records on sources of ionising radiation; 3) report to the Agency all changes regarding the operation of sources of ionising radiation of relevance for radiation safety and security; 4) report to the Agency the discontinuation of use of sources of ionising radiation, as well as the manner of their temporary storage, storage and the possibility of permanent disposal; 5) report to the Agency any change versus the required conditions that served as the basis for issuing the licence for performing a radiation practice; Law. 6) implement other radiation protection measures provided for under this Obligations towards Occupationally Exposed Persons Article 34 The licensee for performing a radiation practice or the licensee for performing a nuclear activity undertakes to provide the occupationally exposed persons with personal dosimetry control, equip them with personal protection means, provide checks of proper operation of these means and their proper use, provide regular health checks as well as additional training and qualification in accordance with the Programme under Article 21 Paragraph 1 hereof. The licensee under Paragraph 1 hereof undertakes, depending on the type of radiation practice or nuclear activity, to conduct the required measurements under Article 19, Paragraphs 1 and 2 hereof, in order to assess the level of ionising radiation exposure of occupationally exposed persons.

18 Radioactive Waste Storing Obligations Article 35 The licensee for performing a radiation practice or the licensee for performing a nuclear activity undertakes to store the radioactive waste generated as a result of operations in its own temporary storage as required depending on the type of radiation practice or nuclear activity, but not more than one year and not later than on the expiry of the term to hand it over to the licensee for radioactive waste storage facility management. The Agency shall stipulate the manner of temporary storing of radioactive waste under Paragraph 1 hereof. Record-Keeping Obligation Article 36 The licensee for performing a radiation practice or the licensee for performing a nuclear activity undertakes to keep records and deliver to the Agency the required data on sources of ionising radiation, occupationally exposed persons and radioactive waste. The licensee for performing a radiation practice or the licensee for performing a nuclear activity for medical purposes undertakes, in addition to the records under Paragraph 1 hereof, to keep records on patient exposure to ionising radiation. The form and content of the records under Paragraphs 1 and 2 hereof shall be stipulated by the Agency. The Agency shall keep the centralised registry on sources of ionising radiation, licensees, occupationally exposed persons and radioactive waste. Quality Management Obligation Article 37 The licensee for performing a radiation practice or the licensee for performing a nuclear activity and authorised legal entities undertake to set up and implement the quality management system for radiation protection measures. Depending on the radiation practice or nuclear activity performed by the licensee or depending on activities in radiation protection performed by the authorised legal person, the Agency shall stipulate the manner, type and time intervals for measurements in order to control the quality management system for radiation protection measures. Decontamination Obligation Article 38 The licensee for performing a radiation practice or the licensee for performing a nuclear activity undertakes forthwith to conduct and bear the costs of decontamination of people, work and living environments which contamination has been caused by the radiation practice or nuclear activity, as well as to bear the administrative costs of establishing the immediate contamination hazard and/or the origin of contamination. The licensee for performing a radiation practice or the licensee for performing a nuclear activity undertakes to reimburse the implementation costs for the activities

19 under Paragraph 1 hereof if a responsible authority has undertaken and implemented them. The Agency shall stipulate the contamination limits for people, work and living environments and the methods for performing decontamination. The licensee under Paragraph 1 hereof who is responsible for decontamination, as well as the authorised legal person performing decontamination undertake to deliver the related report to the Agency forthwith. The Agency shall inform the occupationally exposed persons and the public about potential harmful consequences of ionising radiation exposure due to contamination. Liability for Incurred Damage Article 39 The licensee for performing a radiation practice or the licensee for performing a nuclear activity shall be liable for the damage due to radiation practice or nuclear activity in accordance with the principle of objective liability. In the event when the licensee responsible for contamination cannot be immediately determined, the costs of decontamination and incurred damage necessary to be covered forthwith, shall be borne by the Republic of Serbia. The licensee established as responsible for contamination undertakes to pay the funds at the amount of decontamination costs into the budget account of the Republic of Serbia. Working Conditions for Occupationally Exposed Persons Article 40 Occupationally exposed persons shall have the required professional degree and skills for the work and for implementation of radiation protection measures. Occupationally exposed persons shall fulfil health conditions and undertake to undergo a medical check prior to starting their employment, during the employment, in case of an accident and if necessary, after the termination of employment in a nuclear facility or working with sources of ionising radiation. The medical checks of the people under Paragraph 2 hereof shall be performed in a healthcare institution meeting the required conditions in regulations governing healthcare. The professional qualification degree, skills for the work and implementation of radiation protection measures and the health conditions of occupationally exposed persons shall be stipulated by the Agency. Bans and Restrictions for Working with Sources of ionising radiation Article 41 Working with sources of ionising radiation is banned for: 1) persons under 18 years of age; 2) women during pregnancy; 3) women during breast-feeding if they work with open sources of ionising radiation.

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