Norton Media Library. Give Me Liberty! AN AMERICAN HISTORY THIRD EDITION. by Eric Foner

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1 Norton Media Library Give Me Liberty! AN AMERICAN HISTORY THIRD EDITION by Eric Foner

2 Norton Media Library Chapter 18 The Progressive Era, Eric Foner

3 Urbanization and Consumer Society (industrial production, population boom, and consumer marketplace) = more visible social divisions JP Morgan (40% of financial and industrial capital Writers and artists move to cities capture the plight of the urban poor Immigration ( ) 40 million people migrate to the United States 1/7 foreign born: NY 40% and Chicago and Milwaukee 30% Ethnic Neighborhoods Fordism and Mass consumption = shift away from Capital goods and towards consumer goods Women now visible in public places such as work places, stores, and sites of entertainment Consumer Society urges women to get jobs making money outside of the family Words like living wage and decent standard of living begin to enter into the American vernacular Fredrick W Taylor Scientific Management : increasing profits and wages by studying and controlling costs and practices = loss of freedom for Blue Collar and White Collar workers Socialism in America: Eugene Debs, Appeal to Reason, Socialist Party Union: AFL and IWW

4 Progressives believe Big government is Not bad but can be used for good. Conservatives believe big government will lead to tyranny. Progressive Movement began at a local and state level and was a ground up movement in which women played a large role. Women drown to progressive movement because of plight of the immigrant poor and child labor. Open Settlement House (Jane Adams Hull House), go to college and enter professions such as social work, nursing, and education Target: Political Bosses, Natural Monopolies like water works and gas, Raise property taxes to spend money on schools, parks, and public facilities Political Reforms were often contradictory both expanding and contracting the electorate Empower: 17 th Amendment (direct election of Senators), Popular election of judges, Primary elections among party members to select candidates, 19 th Amendment Women Suffrage State Level Empowering : Initiative (Voters propose legislation), Referendum (Direct vote on legislation), Recall (Voters remove elected officials) Restrict: Disenfranchise Blacks in South, literacy tests, Residency and registration requirements, and city managers instead of elected mayors. Progressives believe in experts, efficiency, centralized management, and scientific thinking.

5 Strong Nation State: Nationalization Roosevelt and the Square Deal: Good Trust v Bad Trust, Northern Securities Company and Supreme Court, 1902 Coal Strike, Strengthen Interstate Commerce Commission with Hepburn Act (Regulate RR rates), Conservation measures. William Howard Taft: More anti-trust the TR, Breakup of Standard Oil company and American Tobacco Trust, 16 th Amendment: Gradual Income Tax Wilson and New Freedom : Strengthen Anti Trust legislation, Protect Workers right to Unionize, encourage Small Business. President Wilson: Underwood Tariff (reduce duties on imports, tax on wealthy) Clayton Act 1914 (courts can t issue injunctions stopping strikes), Child Labor Laws, RR 8hr days, Credit to farmers who use government warehouse, Federal Reserve System (Issue $, Help failing banks, influence interest rate)

6 A rare color photograph from around 1900

7 Policemen stare up as the Triangle fire of 1911 rages

8 City of Ambition

9 Table 18.1 Rise Of The City,

10 The mansion of Cornelius Vanderbilt II on New York City s

11 Six O Clock, Winter, a 1912 painting by John Sloan

12 Two photographs by Lewis Hine

13 Map 18.1 The World on the Move, World Migration

14 An illustration in the 1912 publication

15 Italian Family on Ferry Boat, Leaving Ellis Island

16 Table 18.2 Immigrants and their Children

17 A community settlement map for Chicago in 1900

18 An immigrant from Mexico

19 In Hester Street, painted in 1905

20 Movie, 5 Cents.

21 Women at work in a shoe factory, 1908.

22 Table 18.3 Percentage of Women 14 Years and Older

23 Table 18.4 Percentage of Women Workers

24 The Return from Toil

25 The assembly line at the Ford Motor Company factory in Highland Park

26 Table 18.5 Sales of Passenger Cars

27 One day s output of Model T Fords

28 One of the numerous advertisements

29 Picturesque America

30 Roller skaters

31 Map 18.2 Socialist Town and Cities,

32 One Big Union, the emblem of the Industrial Workers of the World.

33 Striking New York City garment workers

34 The New York shirtwaist strike of 1909 inspired workers in other cities.

35 A sheet music cover

36 Isadora Duncan brought a new freedom to an old art form.

37 The much-beloved and much-feared Emma Goldman, with a poster advertising a series of her lectures

38 Mothers with baby carriages wait outside

39 Children at play at the Hudson-Bank Gymnasium

40 A staff member greets an immigrant family at Hull House

41 Visiting nurse on a New York City rooftop, 1908.

42 In this 1912 woman suffrage parade in New York City

43 In 1893, Colorado became the first state to allow women to vote.

44 Louis D. Brandeis

45 President Theodore Roosevelt addressing a crowd in Evanston, Illinois, in 1902.

46 Putting the Screws on Him, a 1904 cartoon

47 Theodore Roosevelt and the conservationist John Muir at Glacier Point

48 Eugene V. Debs, the Socialist Party candidate

49 Map 18.3 The Presidential Election of 1912

50 Norton Media Library Independent and Employee-Owned This concludes the Norton Media Library Slide Set for Chapter 18 Give Me Liberty! AN AMERICAN HISTORY THIRD EDITION by Eric Foner

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