World History I SOL Review Packet Part III

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1 SOL 7 Byzantine Empire World History I SOL Review Packet Part III 1. Label Constantinople on the map below. 2. What was the significance of Justinian s Code? Codified R law and influenced E legal c 3. her contributions to the Byzantine Empire? R of former Roman t and e of trade 4. Label the following Byzantine achievements in art and architecture: M I H S 5. How did Greek and Roman culture survive within the Byzantine Empire? Spoke G language, Greek O Christianity, and Greek and Roman k were preserved in l 6. What factors led to the division within in Christian Church? C and p differences, such as the use of icons, led to the d 1

2 7. Make a chart in the space below comparing the Eastern Orthodox Church with the Western Roman Catholic Church. Eastern Orthodox Church - C in Constantinople - C to the seat of power after Constantinople became capital - Use of G language in the liturgy - Headed by a P Roman Catholic Church - Centered in R - F from the seat of power after Constantinople became capital - Use of L language in the liturgy - Headed by the P 8. Why and how did the Byzantine Empire have so much influence on religion, culture, and trade in Russia and Eastern Europe? t routes between B Sea and the B Sea, adoption of Orthodox C by R and much of E Europe, adoption of Greek a for the S languages by St. C, and church a and religious a 9. What is the name and who created the alphabet below? Why was it created? C alphabet by St. Cyril, created to spread C SOL 8 Islamic Civilization 10. Who was the founder of Islam? M, the Prophet 11. Label where the Islamic religion originated and where it spread to on the map below: 2

3 Origins of Islam M and M on the A Peninsula: Early Muslim cities Spread of Islam Across A and A and into S Geographic extent of first M empire 12. Make a chart below listing the beliefs, traditions, and customs of Islam: Beliefs, traditions, and customs of Islam M,: A (Arabic word for God) Q (K ): The word of God Five P of Islam Acceptance of J - prophets, including M and J 13. According to the map below, what two physical barriers did the spread of Islam have to endure: M and d 14. What language spread with Islam? A 3

4 15. Complete the chart below: Islamic Turning Point Description Significance Death of A Muslim conquests of J and D Abassid dynasty Battle of T Fall of Baghdad to the M Argument over who should rule after d ofmuhammad: Abu Bakr (Muhammad s companion) or Ali, Muhammad s cousin and son in law Muslims under the Ummayad Caliphate e the empire Capital is moved to B Muslims were defeated Mongols overcome the Islamic empire Islam split into two groups, the S, who believe that Ali was the rightful heir appointed divinely through Muhammad, and the S, who believe Muhammad did not appoint anyone, and who recognize Abu Bakr and the c as the rightful successors Islam spread to the holy cities for J and C Islamic Empire begins its g age Islam did not spread completely into continental E, was limited to S End of the Golden Age of Islam 16. What is the name of the building below? Label where it is located on the provided map. D of the R located in J (aka Palestine, the Holy land for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam 4

5 17. How did the Islamic civilization preserve and extend ancient Greek, Persian, and Indian learning? The Islamic civilization translated a texts into A. Unlike the Byzantine Empire (which only preserved the ancient texts), the Muslim Empire actually continued the ancient G studies and Roman architectural a. They established u and constructed many great buildings, such as the Dome of the Rock. Cultural contributions and achievements Architecture (Dome of the Rock) M Arabic a Universities Translation of ancient texts into Arabic 18. Give the chart below a proper title: Muslim Achievements Arabic N A (Math) M (Science) Geographic Knowledge SOL 9 Early Middle Ages 19. Who had the most power during the Middle Ages? Why? The C was the most powerful institution in the Middle Ages. C was the one thing that unified Western Europe after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The clergy were the only ones who learned to read and write, in order that they might p and copy biblical texts. Over time people relied on them to keep r of secular events and matters, as well. During the Middle Ages, the Pope a the E, m carried Christianity to the G tribes, and the Church served the social, political, and religious needs of the people. 20. What 3 elements made the foundation for early medieval society? a. Classical heritage of R b. C beliefs c. Customs of Germanic t 5

6 21. Give examples of how the Catholic Church influenced medieval society? Influence of the Roman Catholic Church S authority declined, while Church a grew. M preserved G - cultural achievements. Missionaries carried Christianity and Latin a to Germanic tribes. The P anointed C Emperor in 800 A.D. (C.E.) Parish p served religious and social needs of the people. 22. In the space below, draw a chart that explains the Medieval Feudal System: 23. Why did Western Europe develop the feudal system? F developed in E in response to the breakdown in central authority in the F empire following C s death and also because of the instability and chaos caused by the numerous i in the 9 th and 10 th centuries, esp. by the V from Scandinavia. It was a way of life that involved agreements, promises, and exchanges between different groups of people to help them live together. It involved social, economic and political relationships. Feudal society during the Middle Ages F land grants given in exchange for service V n who served as leaders of armies and certain sections of a king or lord s land S individuals (p ) bound to land they were born not allowed to leave Feudal o services owed in exchange for land or the right to use the land (ex. Peasants owed labor in exchange for being allowed to live and eat off the land) 24. What was the manorial system? An e and s system based on the ownership and distribution of land in e for services. The m system was s - (provided everything basic that was needed; only needed to import salt and iron; few luxury goods were available). It was a system that included a very rigid s structure (everyone belonged to a certain class and was not allowed to become part of a different class). 25. Who was Charlemagne and why was he significant in the Middle Ages? 6

7 Charlemagne was the son of Pepin the Short (son of Charles the Hammer M ). Charlemagne inherited a position of king of the F. He was the only leader successful at uniting the W European region during the Middle Ages. He united the Frankish lands into one e, under himself as the king. He was crowned H R Emperor by the Pope himself. Thus, he used Christianity to unite the Franks as well. Age of Charlemagne Franks emerged as a force in Western Europe. The Pope crowned the Emperor. Power of the Church was established in p life. Roman c was reinterpreted. Most of Western E was included in the new empire. Churches, r, and s were built to unite the empire. 26. On the map below, outline Charlemagne s Empire: 27. Who were the Vikings and how did they influence the development of Europe during the Middle Ages? Influence of the Angles, Saxons, Magyars, and Vikings Manors with c provided p from i, reinforcing the feudal system. Invasions disrupted t, towns d, and the feudal system was s 7

8 28. Using the map below, label the following: Migration of Angles and Saxons Migration of Magyars Migration of Vikings Areas of settlement A and S migrated from continental Europe to E. M migrated from Central A to H. V migrated from S to R. SOL 10 Eastern Hemisphere 29. Label the following trade routes on the map below. Use a different color for each trade route and create a key: - Silk Road - Maritime Routes - Trans- Saharan Routes - Northern European Routes - Western European Routes - South China Sea Route 8

9 Major trade patterns of the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000 to 1500 A.D. (C.E.) S Routes across Asia to the M basin Maritime routes across the I Ocean T - S routes across North Africa Northern European links with the B Sea W European sea and river trade South C Sea and lands of Southeast A 30. What is cultural diffusion? Give an example. S of an idea from one group of people to a Example: dome Romans originally adopted from the Etruscans; the dome was later used in the Byzantine Empire, the Muslim empire, and post- Mongol Russia (Ivan the Great s time) 31. How did trade facilitate the diffusion of goods and ideas among different culture? Trade caused peoples from one region to come into contact with peoples from other regions. The following are some ways that ideas were spread from one culture to another: Technology P from China through the Muslim world to B and Western Europe New c from India (e.g., for making sugar) W and w from the Middle East Navigation: C from China, lateen s from Indian Ocean region Ideas Spread of r across the hemisphere B from China to K and J H and Buddhism from I to Southeast Asia I into West Africa, Central and S Asia Printing and paper m from China 32. Using the map below, locate and label where the following goods and technology came from. Gold, Spices, Textiles, Porcelain, Amber, Paper, Making Sugar, Waterwheels, Windmills, Compass, and Lateen Sail. 9

10 Amber (later) Porcelain (Persia) Porcelain Textiles Gold Spices Gold Spices Goods G from West Africa S from lands around the Indian Ocean T from India, China, the Middle East, and later Europe P from China and Persia A from the Baltic region 33. How did Japan s geography influence its development? M Japanese a (four main islands) Sea of Japan or E Sea between Japan and Asian m P to China and Korea 34. Give 3 specific examples of how Chinese culture influenced Japan. W Architecture B 35. Give a title to the chart below: Shintoism - E religion unique to J - Importance of natural features, forces of n, and ancestors - S religion, worship of the e - C with Buddhism 10

11 36. Using the map below, label the following African Civilizations: Axum, Zimbabwe, Ghana, Mali, Songhai, and City of Timbuktu 37. What were the characteristics of the civilizations mentioned in question 113? Axum Location relative to the E Highlands and the N River C kingdom Zimbabwe Location relative to the Z and L rivers and the Indian Ocean coast City of G Z as capital of a p empire West African kingdoms Ghana, Mali, (Songhai) Location of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai empires relative to N River and the S Importance of gold and s to trans- Saharan trade City of T as center of trade and l Roles of a and Islam 11

12 115. Complete the following chart: Location Mayan Aztec Incan Famous City Government Economy Religion Achievements Mayan civilization Located in the M and C American r f Represented by C I Groups of city- s ruled by kings Economy based on a and trade Polytheistic religion: P Aztec civilization Located in a valley in central M Represented by T Ruled by an e Economy based on agriculture and t from c peoples Polytheistic religion: Pyramids, r Incan civilization Located in the A Mountains of S America Represented by M P Ruled by an emperor Economy based on high- a agriculture P religion r system Achievements of Mayan, Aztec, and Incan civilizations C M Writing and other r - keeping systems 12

13 116. Label the civilizations in questions 115 on the map below: 13

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