Differential Scanning Calorimetry DSC

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Differential Scanning Calorimetry DSC"

Transcription

1 Analyzing & Testing Differential Scanning Calorimetry DSC Technique, Instrument, Applications DSC 3500 Sirius

2 DSC 3500 Sirius Principle of Operation Differential Scanning Calorimetry Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) is one of the most frequently used techniques in the field of thermal characterization of solids and liquids. Easy handling and rapid analysis are among the hallmarks of this analytical technique, which has proven to be highly significant in the areas of research, development, and quality control. There are a variety of standards (ASTM, DIN, ISO, etc.) for the application, evaluation and interpretation of specific materials, products and properties. DSC Measurement Information < Glass transitions < Melting/crystallization behavior < Degree of crystallinity < Solid-solid transitions < Polymorphism < Cross-linking reactions < Specific heat < Purity determination < Oxidative stability < Decomposition behavior Principle of Operation In this technique, a sample is placed inside a crucible which is then placed inside the measurement cell (furnace) of the DSC system along with a reference pan which is normally empty. By applying a controlled temperature program (isothermal, heating or cooling at constant rates), caloric changes can be characterized. DSC 3500 Sirius Sturdy and Reliable The DSC 3500 Sirius combines the advantages of modern technology, high sensitivity and a robust, easy-tooperate work horse. Tests can be carried out in the temperature range between -170 C and 600 C. Key components of the DSC 3500 Sirius are the DSC heat flux sensor, the furnace and clever connection fittings which are designed for the quick and easy attachment of various cooling systems. The sensor of the DSC 3500 Sirius combines high stability and optimized resolution of thermal effects. Laserguided welding processes for the sensor disks and thermocouple wires yield true sensitivity and robustness. DSC 3500 Sirius with automatic sample changer (ASC) 2

3 Key Features of the DSC 3500 Sirius Reliable Furnace & Sensor The heating wires of the furnace surround the entire sensor plate. They are arranged in such a way that no temperature gradients occur in or above the sensor disk. This arrangement is the basis for a highly homogeneous heat flow to the sample and reference pans from all sides and therefore also for a highly stable baseline and an excellent signal-to-noise ratio. Condensation of volatiles is reduced to a minimum. Variable Gases and Cooling Options Protective and purge gas inlets are, of course, standard features of the unit. For improved cooling times and subambient temperature tests, various cooling options such as forced air, intracooler or liquid nitrogen cooling systems are available. Of course, a versatile gas switching and flow control system are also available. LN 2 inlet LN 2 outlet Scheme of the gas-tight DSC 3500 Sirius (without automatic sample changer (ASC)) Technical Key Data Temperature range -170 C to 600 C Intracooler head insert port Small gas-tight DSC cell Access window of cooling head (closed) Efficient Automatic Sample Changer Heating rates Cooling rates Sensor K/min to 100 K/min K/min to 100 K/min (depending on temp.) Heat flux system For applications with a high sample throughput, we offer an automatic sample changer (ASC) for up to 20 samples and references, which accommodates different crucible types. Measurement range ±600 mw Temperature 0.1 K Accuracy Enthalpy < 1% Forced air (RT to 600 C) Intracooler IC40 (-40 C to 600 C) Cooling options Intracooler IC70 (-70 C to 600 C) Liquid nitrogen (-170 C to 600 C) Atmospheres Oxidizing, inert (static, dynamic) ASC (optional) Robot for up to 20 samples and references 3

4 DSC 3500 Sirius _ Applications The DSC 3500 Sirius can be employed for the characterization of a great variety of materials in applications including polymers, pharmaceuticals, textiles, foods, cosmetics, inorganic materials, metals and the like. The technique employed by this instrument makes it a fast and reliable tool for researchers in fields such as automotive, clothing, drugs, and so on. Its easy operation, fast analysis time and standardized evaluation procedures also make the DSC 3500 Sirius optimal for application in quality assurance and failure analysis laboratories. Heat Capacity on Inorganic Material From Low to High Temperatures c p / J/(g K) Sapphire is a common reference material for specific heat measurements with well-proven c p data. Here, the DSC 3500 Sirius was used to determine the specific heat capacity of a sapphire disk between -140 C and 500 C. Afterwards, the heat capacity values obtained were compared with those provided by NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology). A maximum error of 0.8% was attained over the entire temperature range Temperature [ C] C C 0.0 C C C C C C Experimental c p values [J/(gK)] c p values according to NIST [J/(gK)] Determination of the specific heat capacity of sapphire. Sample mass: mg. Crucibles: platinum with pierced lid. Temperature program: heating at 10 K/min. 4

5 Packaging Material DSC as an Identification Tool A DSC is a fast, easy-to-use instrument for the identification of materials. In the present case, three different packaging materials were measured between 30 C and 300 C at 10 K/min in two heating steps with a controlled cooling at 20 K/min in between. The 1 st heating yields information on the thermal history of a polymer; the 2 nd heating reflects its material properties. The plot on the right displays the 2 nd heating runs for each of the three samples A, B and C. Only in the DSC curves for samples A and B was a later peak also detected at 247 C and 253 C, respectively (typical melting range for different kinds of polyamide). The peak with a temperature of 159 C exhibited solely by film C is most probably attributable to the melting of polypropylene. The two peaks additionally located at 126 C and 140 C, as well as those detected in the same temperature range in the DSC curves of films A and B, are due to different polyethylene types C C C C C C C C Film A Film B Film C C C DSC measurement on 3 different polymer packaging films. Sample masses: mg (sample A), 1.45 mg (sample B), and mg (sample C); crucibles: aluminum, pierced lid. Before the 2 nd heating at 20 K/min, the sample was heated and cooled between 30 C and 300 C at 20 K/min. In the figure on the right, the advanced Peak Separation software was used to separate the three peaks detected in sample B between 100 C and 125 C. The graph shows the almost perfect correlation between the measured curve (dotted) and the sum of three calculated curves (red) with peak temperatures at 107 C, 117 C and 121 C. Such separation allows for the accurate determination of individual peak areas and temperatures. DSC/ mw/mg Measured Sum of calculated curves Curve 1 Curve 2 Curve Separation of the triple peak of sample B by means of the optional Peak Separation software. 5

6 DSC 3500 Sirius _ Applications Quality Control on Two Solders The DSC 3500 Sirius can also be used for the quality control of metal alloys. In this example, two solders made of the same material but taken from different lots were each measured two times between 25 C and 250 C. The upper plot compares the 1 st and 2 nd heating segments for the two samples. Both segments exhibit an endothermic peak (onset temperature at 217 C) which is due to the melting of the metal alloys. The melting behavior of the two lots is very similar; this is expressed not only in the shape of the curves but also in the peak temperatures and areas. 5 4 Solid Line: 1 st heating Solid Dashed: Line: 2 1 nd st heating heating J/g Peak: C Onset*: C J/g Peak: C Onset*: C J/g Peak: C Onset: C J/g Peak: C Onset*: C J/g Peak: C Onset*: C Peak: Onset: J/g C C Lot 1 Lot 2 Lot 1 Lot J/g J/g Dashed: 2 nd heating Peak: C Peak: C 1 Onset: C Onset: C 1 st and 2 nd heating segments on two solder materials. Sample mass: 6.47 mg (lot 1) and 7.05 mg (lot 2). Crucibles: Aluminum with pierced lid. Temperature program: Two heating segments up to 250 C, heating 0 and cooling rates: 10 K/min However, the two materials exhibit different cooling behavior (lower plot) after the first heating. Lot 1 (blue curve) already crystallizes at 189 C (endset), whereas lot 2 exhibits an even stronger under-cooling effect; the start of crystallization is shifted to a lower temperature (endset 187 C). This effect can be explained by differing impurity content in the two products Peak: End: Peak: End: J/g C C J/g C C Peak: End: Peak: End: J/g C C J/g C C Lot 1 Lot 2 Lot 1 Lot This example shows that the DSC 3500 Sirius is capable of performing fast quality checks. In addition, it demonstrates the importance of cooling runs especially in cases with similar heating behavior Cooling segment on two solder materials. Sample mass: 6.47 mg (lot 1) and 7.05 mg (lot 2). Crucibles: Aluminum with pierced lid. Temperature program: Two heating segments up to 250 C, heating and cooling rates: 10 K/min 6

7 Melting and Crystallization Behavior of Edible Oil The DSC 3500 Sirius is also well suited for investigations in the food industry. Presented here are the results of a DSC measurement on rapeseed oil. The sample was first cooled to -150 C and then heated to 40 C. The exothermic peak beginning at -18 C during controlled cooling at 10 K/min comes from the crystallization of the oil. The three minima at -45 C, -64 C and -69 C reflect the composition of the oil consisting mainly of oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid as well as of various saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. The additional peak detected at -4 C is probably caused by the crystallization of an additive. In the subsequent heating, crystallization occurs at -53 C, followed by the ,25-0,30-0,25-0,35-0,30-0,40-0,35-0,40 Peak*: Peak*: -0,2 J/g -3,5 C -0,2 J/g -3,5 C Temperature / C Temperature / C -3.7 J/g Peak: C -3.7 J/g Peak: C C C C C 46.9 J/g 46.9 J/g C C heating heating -0.2 J/g Peak*: -3.5 C -0.2 J/g Peak*: -3.5 C J/g C C C C J/g C C C C cooling cooling DSC measurements on rapeseed oil. Sample mass: 1.19 mg. Crucibles: Aluminum with lid. Temperature program: Cooling to -150 C, heating to 40 C, heating and cooling rates: 10 K/min melting of the components of the rapeseed oil (peak temperatures at -27 C, -18 C and -12 C). Oxidative-Induction Time (OIT) on Rapeseed Oil The oxidative-induction time (OIT) can be determined in order to estimate the relative stability of hydrocarbons to oxidation. This can be done easily with the DSC 3500 Sirius. Displayed here are measurements on rapeseed oil heated to three different temperatures under inert (nitrogen) conditions. After a five-minute equilibration time, the atmosphere was switched to air. The DSC curves show the influence of the test temperature on the degradation of the samples. Degradation began earlier at higher temperatures: It took 63 min under oxidizing conditions at 140 C, but only 4 min for the test carried out at 180 C Dashed: DSC signal under nitrogen Continuous: DSC signal under air Dashed: DSC signal under nitrogen Dotted: Temperature signal Continuous: DSC signal under air Dotted: Temperature signal Temp./ C Temp./ C OIT: 4.2 min OIT: 63.3 min 120 OIT: 13.1 min OIT: 4.2 min OIT: 63.3 min OIT: 13.1 min Time /min Time /min DSC measurements on rapeseed oil. Sample mass: 1.19 mg. Crucibles: Aluminum with lid. Temperature program: Cooling to -150 C, heating to 40 C, heating and cooling rates: 10 K/min, isothermal temperatures: 140 C (green), 160 C (blue) and 180 C (red)

8 DSC 3500 Sirius _ Proteus Software and Accessories Software The DSC 3500 Sirius runs on a Windows operating system and includes everything you need to carry out a measurement and evaluate the resulting data. User-friendly menus combined with automated routines make Proteus very easy to use while providing sophisticated analysis. Key Features of the General Software Software produced by iso-certified company NETZSCH for Windows, XP and Windows 7 operating systems Simultaneous measurement evaluation Operation of with one computer Combined analysis and different instruments of DSC, TGA and TMA and DMA measurements Input and free placement of text elements Calculation of 1 st and 2 nd derivative Selectable colors and line types restoration of analyses Storage and Context-sensitive help system Results by Automatic detection of instrument settings (e.g., furnace, sensor, etc.) Data export in Excel -compatible CSV-format Calibration and for temperature, sensitivity, baseline Picture-in-picture presentation (PIP/FLIP) correction routines Key Features of the Proteus Software for DSC Glass transitions Comprehensive analysis of Peak/peak search, selectable baseline Partial peak area Transition enthalpies: Analysis of peak area (enthalpies) with selectable baselines Automatic baseline correction Degree of crystallinity Specific heat determination c p (optional) Tau-R Mode: takes into account the time constant and thermal resistance of the instrument and thus reveals sharper DSC effects from the sample (optional) Liquid fraction, BeFlat for (optional) OIT evaluation Monitoring of Simultaneous analysis curves Re import of solid fat index (SFI) baseline optimization all MFC gas flows of multiple measurements saved as ASCII files Temperature-modulated DSC (optional) Advanced Software (optional) Peak Separation for accurate separation and evaluation of overlapping transitions NETZSCH Thermokinetics for advanced characterization of reactions and kinetic parameters also provides predictions of the process 8

9 DSC Accessories The DSC 3500 Sirius can be equipped with various accessories and add-ons for optimum adjustment of the system to your requirements. Various cooling systems can be used to cool the furnace back to room temperature. Subambient temperatures (down to -70 C) can be achieved with the cost-effective Intracooler. The liquid nitrogen cooling system allows tests at subambient temperatures down to -170 C. The DSC 3500 Sirius can be equipped with a gas flow control system for precise control of up to three different purge/protective gases. Routine measurements are facilitated with the convenient automatic sample changer (ASC) for up to 20 samples and references, even in different crucible types. A wide range of crucibles (aluminum, silver, gold, copper, platinum, alumina, zirconia, graphite, stainless steel, etc.) is available for nearly all possible applications and sample materials. The SampleCutter is ideal for the preparation of polymer samples; it allows for defined cuts for generating plane sample surfaces. SampleCutter Medium-pressure crucible (left) and high-pressure crucible (right) Al crucibles with lids Sealing press for different aluminum crucible types 9

10 Expertise in Service Our Expertise Service All over the world, the name NETZSCH stands for comprehensive support and expert, reliable service, before and after sale. Our qualified personnel from the technical service and application departments are always available for consultation. In special training programs tailored for you and your employees, you will learn to tap the full potential of your instrument. Summary of Our Services Installation and commissioning Hotline service Preventive maintenance Calibration service IQ / OQ / PQ On-site repairs with emergency service for NETZSCH components Moving / exchange service Technical information service Spare parts assistance To maintain and protect your investment, you will be accompanied by our experienced service team over the entire life span of your instrument. 10

11 Our Expertise Applications Laboratories The NETZSCH Thermal Analysis applications laboratories are a proficient partner for nearly any Thermal Analysis issue. Our involvement in your projects begins with proper sample preparation and continues through meticulous examination and interpretation of the measurement results. Our diverse methods and over 30 different state-of-the-art measuring stations will provide ready-made solutions for all your thermal needs. Within the realm of thermal analysis and the measurement of thermophysical properties, we offer you a comprehensive line of the most diverse analysis techniques for materials characterization (solids, powders and liquids). Measurements can be carried out on samples of the most varied of geometries and configurations. You will receive high-precision measurement results and valuable interpretations from us in the shortest possible time. This will enable you to precisely characterize new materials and components before actual deployment, minimize risks of failure, and gain decisive advantages over your competitors. For production problems, we can work with you to analyze concerns and develop solutions. The minimal investment in our testing and services will reward you with reduced down time and reject rates, helping you optimize your processes across the board. 11

12 The NETZSCH Group is a mid-sized, family-owned German company engaging in the manufacture of machinery and instrumentation with worldwide production, sales, and service branches. The three Business Units Analyzing & Testing, Grinding & Dispersing and Pumps & Systems provide tailored solutions for highest-level needs. Over 3,000 employees at 163 sales and production centers in 28 countries across the globe guarantee that expert service is never far from our customers. When it comes to Thermal Analysis, Calorimetry (adiabatic & reaction) and the determination of Thermophysical Properties, NETZSCH has it covered. Our 50 years of applications experience, broad state-of-the-art product line and comprehensive service offerings ensure that our solutions will not only meet your every requirement but also exceed your every expectation. NETZSCH-Gerätebau GmbH Wittelsbacherstraße Selb Germany Tel.: Fax: NGB DSC 3500 Sirius EN LH Technical specifications are subject to change.

DSC Differential Scanning Calorimeter

DSC Differential Scanning Calorimeter DSC Differential Scanning Calorimeter Introduction The Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) is the most popular thermal analysis technique to measure endothermic and exothermic transitions as a function

More information

Differential Scanning Calorimetry theoretical background

Differential Scanning Calorimetry theoretical background Differential Scanning Calorimetry theoretical background Galina Kubyshkina Elektromaterial Lendava d.d., Slovenia Crystalline materials Typical features presence of a unit (cell), which is periodically

More information

DSC823 e Module. Differential scanning calorimetry for all requirements

DSC823 e Module. Differential scanning calorimetry for all requirements DSC823 e Module Differential scanning calorimetry for all requirements METTLER TOLEDO DSC823 e Measuring module Unmatched DSC Sensitivity with the MultiSTAR DSC Sensors Differential scanning calorimetry

More information

Thermal Analysis Excellence

Thermal Analysis Excellence Thermal Analysis Excellence DSC 1 STAR e System Innovative Technology Versatile Modularity Swiss Quality Differential Scanning Calorimetry for all Requirements DSC Excellence Unmatched DSC Performance

More information

XFA 600 Thermal Diffusivity Thermal Conductivity

XFA 600 Thermal Diffusivity Thermal Conductivity XFA 600 Thermal Diffusivity Thermal Conductivity Thermal Diffusivity, Thermal Conductivity Information of the thermo physical properties of materials and heat transfer optimization of final products is

More information

Thermal Analysis Excellence

Thermal Analysis Excellence Thermal Analysis Excellence DSC 3 STAR e System Innovative Technology Versatile Modularity Swiss Quality Differential Scanning Calorimetry for Routine Analysis DSC Excellence Unmatched DSC Performance

More information

Thermal Diffusivity Thermal Conductivity

Thermal Diffusivity Thermal Conductivity Analyzing & Testing Thermal Diffusivity Thermal Conductivity Method, Technique, Applications LFA 447 Leading Thermal Analysis LFA 447 NanoFlash What is the heating/cooling load of a building as a function

More information

Determination of the heat storage capacity of PCM and PCM objects as a function of temperature

Determination of the heat storage capacity of PCM and PCM objects as a function of temperature Determination of the heat storage capacity of PCM and PCM objects as a function of temperature E. Günther, S. Hiebler, H. Mehling ZAE Bayern, Walther-Meißner-Str. 6, 85748 Garching, Germany Outline Introduction

More information

Analyzing & Testing. Adiabatic & Reaction Calorimetry. Advanced Solution For Chemical Process Safety, Energetic Material, and Battery Development

Analyzing & Testing. Adiabatic & Reaction Calorimetry. Advanced Solution For Chemical Process Safety, Energetic Material, and Battery Development Analyzing & Testing Adiabatic & Reaction Calorimetry Advanced Solution For Chemical Process Safety, Energetic Material, and Battery Development Best-in-Class Adiabatic Calorimetry Adiabatic Calorimetry

More information

Bridging the analytical gap

Bridging the analytical gap Bridging the analytical gap Thermal analysis provides perfect tools for the characterization of all kinds of organic and inorganic solids or liquids. Thermodynamic transitions, thermal stability, decomposition

More information

Characterization of Electronic Materials Using Thermal Analysis

Characterization of Electronic Materials Using Thermal Analysis application Note Thermal Analysis Characterization of Electronic Materials Using Thermal Analysis Thermal analysis comprises a series of powerful techniques for the characterization of the thermal, physical,

More information

DETERMINATION OF THE HEAT STORAGE CAPACITY OF PCM AND PCM-OBJECTS AS A FUNCTION OF TEMPERATURE. E. Günther, S. Hiebler, H. Mehling

DETERMINATION OF THE HEAT STORAGE CAPACITY OF PCM AND PCM-OBJECTS AS A FUNCTION OF TEMPERATURE. E. Günther, S. Hiebler, H. Mehling DETERMINATION OF THE HEAT STORAGE CAPACITY OF PCM AND PCM-OBJECTS AS A FUNCTION OF TEMPERATURE E. Günther, S. Hiebler, H. Mehling Bavarian Center for Applied Energy Research (ZAE Bayern) Walther-Meißner-Str.

More information

Table of content. L81/RITA high speed Thermo Balance. Quattro Dilatometer. L75/1250/B/S Macro Dilatometer. New air cooled furnace program

Table of content. L81/RITA high speed Thermo Balance. Quattro Dilatometer. L75/1250/B/S Macro Dilatometer. New air cooled furnace program THERMAL TRENDS 2 Table of content L75/SDC simultaneous-dilatometer/calorimeter L75/SDD simultaneous Dilatometer/DTA L81/RITA high speed Thermo Balance Quattro Dilatometer L75/1250/B/S Macro Dilatometer

More information

Measurement of Specific Heat Capacity Using Differential Scanning Calorimeter

Measurement of Specific Heat Capacity Using Differential Scanning Calorimeter INL/EXT-08-15056 Measurement of Specific Heat Capacity Using Differential Scanning Calorimeter J. E. Daw November 2008 The INL is a U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory operated by Battelle Energy

More information

Better DSC Isothermal Cure Kinetics Studies Using Power Compensation DSC

Better DSC Isothermal Cure Kinetics Studies Using Power Compensation DSC application Note Thermal Analysis Better DSC Isothermal Cure Kinetics Studies Using Power Compensation DSC Introduction One important aspect of a thermosetting resin, such as an epoxy, is the cure kinetics

More information

Thermal Analysis. Application Handbook. Thermal Analysis of Polymers Selected Applications

Thermal Analysis. Application Handbook. Thermal Analysis of Polymers Selected Applications Thermal Analysis Application Handbook Thermal Analysis of Polymers Selected Applications Selected Applications Thermal Analysis Thermal Analysis of Polymers This application handbook presents selected

More information

HFM Heat Flow Meter Thermal Conductivity Analyzer

HFM Heat Flow Meter Thermal Conductivity Analyzer HFM Heat Flow Meter Thermal Conductivity Analyzer Introduction An insulating material is a material with low thermal conductivity, which in the construction industry, equipment manufacturing, or the production

More information

TA INSTRUMENTS DIFFERENTIAL SCANNING CALORIMETER (DSC) Insert Nickname Here. Operating Instructions

TA INSTRUMENTS DIFFERENTIAL SCANNING CALORIMETER (DSC) Insert Nickname Here. Operating Instructions TA INSTRUMENTS DIFFERENTIAL SCANNING CALORIMETER (DSC) Insert Nickname Here Operating Instructions Table of Contents 1 INTRODUCTION Safety 2 Sample Preparation 3 2 BACKGROUND Background Information 4 Resources

More information

SDT 2960 Simultaneous DSC-TGA including DTA capabilities

SDT 2960 Simultaneous DSC-TGA including DTA capabilities SDT 96 including DTA capabilities : The Technique measures both the heat flows (DSC) and weight changes (TGA) associated with transitions in a material as a function of temperature and time in a controlled

More information

Thermal Analysis Option

Thermal Analysis Option Thermal Analysis Option The TGA-Sorption System is available in two versions. Each consists of a thermoanalyzer, a humidity generator, and an interface. In the simpler version, the humidified gas produced

More information

Phase Transitions and Differential Scanning Calorimetry

Phase Transitions and Differential Scanning Calorimetry Phase Transitions and Differential Scanning Calorimetry Overview Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is an inexpensive and rapid method to measure heat capacities of condensed phases. From these measuremenmst,

More information

CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYMERS BY TMA. W.J. Sichina, National Marketing Manager

CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYMERS BY TMA. W.J. Sichina, National Marketing Manager PERKIN ELMER Polymers technical note CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYMERS BY W.J. Sichina, National Marketing Manager Thermomechanical analysis () is one of the important characterization techniques in the field

More information

FULL PAPER Standardization of PCM Characterization via DSC

FULL PAPER Standardization of PCM Characterization via DSC FULL PAPER Standardization of PCM Characterization via DSC Stefan Gschwander 1, Thomas Haussmann 1, Georg Hagelstein 1, Aran Sole 2, Luisa F. Cabeza 2 Gonzalo Diarce 3, Wolfgang Hohenauer 4, Daniel Lager

More information

Characterization of Polymers Using TGA

Characterization of Polymers Using TGA application note Characterization of Polymers Using TGA W.J. Sichina, Marketing Manager Introduction Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) is one of the members of the family of thermal analysis techniques

More information

G8 GALILEO. Innovation with Integrity. High-End Melt-extraction Analyzer. Inert Gas Method

G8 GALILEO. Innovation with Integrity. High-End Melt-extraction Analyzer. Inert Gas Method G8 GALILEO High-End Melt-extraction Analyzer Innovation with Integrity Inert Gas Method Determination of O, N and H The market demands Metals, minerals, and inorganic compound markets demand high-quality

More information

STANDARD CLEANING AND CALIBRATION PROCEDURE FOR TGA-50(H) AND TGA-51(H)

STANDARD CLEANING AND CALIBRATION PROCEDURE FOR TGA-50(H) AND TGA-51(H) STANDARD CLEANING AND CALIBRATION PROCEDURE FOR TGA-50(H) AND TGA-51(H) by Joseph F. Greenbeck, Jr. And Courtney W. Taylor INTRODUCTION The following procedure is to be used for the maintenance and calibration

More information

Investigation of Polymers with Differential Scanning Calorimetry

Investigation of Polymers with Differential Scanning Calorimetry HUMBOLDT UNIVERSITÄT ZU BERLIN MATHEMATISCH-NATURWISSENSCHAFTLICHE FAKULTÄT I INSTITUT FÜR PHYSIK Investigation of Polymers with Differential Scanning Calorimetry Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Thermal Properties

More information

TA Instruments THERMAL ANALYSIS

TA Instruments THERMAL ANALYSIS TA Instruments THERMAL ANALYSIS New Castle, DE USA Lindon, UT USA Pittsburgh, PA USA Elstree, United Kingdom Shanghai, China Beijing, China Taipei, Taiwan Tokyo, Japan Seoul, South Korea Bangalore, India

More information

Lecture 35: Atmosphere in Furnaces

Lecture 35: Atmosphere in Furnaces Lecture 35: Atmosphere in Furnaces Contents: Selection of atmosphere: Gases and their behavior: Prepared atmospheres Protective atmospheres applications Atmosphere volume requirements Atmosphere sensors

More information

Weight Loss Determined from Mass Spectrometry Trend Data in a Thermogravimetric/Mass Spectrometer System

Weight Loss Determined from Mass Spectrometry Trend Data in a Thermogravimetric/Mass Spectrometer System Weight Loss Determined from Mass Spectrometry Trend Data in a Thermogravimetric/Mass Spectrometer System Carlton G. Slough TA Instruments, 109 Lukens Drive, New Castle DE 19720, USA ABSTRACT The use of

More information

Thermal diffusivity and conductivity - an introduction to theory and practice

Thermal diffusivity and conductivity - an introduction to theory and practice Thermal diffusivity and conductivity - an introduction to theory and practice Utrecht, 02 October 2014 Dr. Hans-W. Marx Linseis Messgeräte GmbH Vielitzer Str. 43 D-95100 Selb / GERMANY www.linseis.com

More information

Purity Determinations By Differential Scanning Calorimetry 1

Purity Determinations By Differential Scanning Calorimetry 1 Purity Determinations By Differential Scanning Calorimetry 1 Purpose: Determine the purity of a compound using freezing point depression measurements with a differential scanning calorimeter. Prelab: The

More information

DMA-1 Direct Mercury Analyzer

DMA-1 Direct Mercury Analyzer DMA-1 Direct Mercury Analyzer www.milestonesrl.com MILESTONE H E L P I N G C H E M I S T S 8 good reasons to choose the milestone DmA-1 1. no sample preparation 2. ease of use 3. lowest cost of analysis

More information

According to the International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology (ISO VIM, 2 nd ed, 1993),

According to the International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology (ISO VIM, 2 nd ed, 1993), Calibration methods Why calibrate a thermometer? Directives or standards such as ISO 9000 or ISO 17025 require organisations to provide accurate temperature measurements traceable to national or international

More information

Dielectric Analysis Permittivity and dielectric loss 100. Dynamic Mechanical Analysis Mechanical strength and energy loss 200

Dielectric Analysis Permittivity and dielectric loss 100. Dynamic Mechanical Analysis Mechanical strength and energy loss 200 Relative Signal Technique Property Measured Change at Tg Differential Scanning Calorimetry Heat flow (heat capacity) 0.2 Thermomechanical Analysis Expansion coefficient or softening 3 Dielectric Analysis

More information

MILESTONE H E L P I N G C H E M I S T S

MILESTONE H E L P I N G C H E M I S T S MILESTONE H E L P I N G C H E M I S T S 8 good reasons to choose the Milestone DMA-80 1. No sample preparation The DMA-80 does not require any sample preparation or other wet chemistry prior the analysis.

More information

TA Instruments User Training

TA Instruments User Training TA Instruments User Training DSC 原 理 與 應 用 2012 年 9 月 7 日 國 立 台 灣 大 學 化 學 系 潘 貫 講 堂 (B 棟 積 學 館 2 樓 演 講 廳 ) 基 礎 應 用 許 炎 山 TA Instruments, Waters LLC 美 商 沃 特 斯 國 際 股 份 有 限 公 司 台 灣 分 公 司 TA Taipei office:

More information

Fundamentals of Mass Flow Control

Fundamentals of Mass Flow Control Fundamentals of Mass Flow Control Critical Terminology and Operation Principles for Gas and Liquid MFCs A mass flow controller (MFC) is a closed-loop device that sets, measures, and controls the flow of

More information

TGA/SDTA851 e Module. Thermal Analysis. Technical data Quality Service

TGA/SDTA851 e Module. Thermal Analysis. Technical data Quality Service Thermal Analysis Technical data Quality Service Temperature data: Temperature range Room temperature 1100 ºC / 1600 ºC Temperature accuracy ± 0.25 ºC (SF), ±0.3 ºC (LF1100) ±0.5 ºC (LF1600) Temperature

More information

ORGANIC SAMPLE PREPARATION

ORGANIC SAMPLE PREPARATION ORGANIC SAMPLE PREPARATION W W W.LA BT E C H S R L.CO M WSPE MANUAL VACUUM MANIFOLD SPE Process control of the flow rate is critical to guarantee reproducible extractions. Differently then any other systems,

More information

EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State

EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State State the term that applies to each of the following changes of physical state: (a) Snow changes from a solid to a liquid. (b) Gasoline changes from a liquid

More information

RESULTS OF ICARUS 9 EXPERIMENTS RUN AT IMRA EUROPE

RESULTS OF ICARUS 9 EXPERIMENTS RUN AT IMRA EUROPE Roulette, T., J. Roulette, and S. Pons. Results of ICARUS 9 Experiments Run at IMRA Europe. in Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion, Progress in New Hydrogen Energy. 1996. Lake Toya, Hokkaido,

More information

Pore size and BET surface area. analysis at your fingertips. SA 3100. Gas Adsorption Analyzer

Pore size and BET surface area. analysis at your fingertips. SA 3100. Gas Adsorption Analyzer Pore size and BET surface area analysis at your fingertips. SA 3100 Gas Adsorption Analyzer The History of Beckman Coulter Particle Characterization Introducing The SA 3100 Surface Area and Pore Size Analyzer

More information

Naue GmbH&Co.KG. Quality Control and. Quality Assurance. Manual. For Geomembranes

Naue GmbH&Co.KG. Quality Control and. Quality Assurance. Manual. For Geomembranes Naue GmbH&Co.KG Quality Control and Quality Assurance Manual For Geomembranes July 2004 V.O TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Quality Assurance and Control 2.1 General 2.2 Quality management acc. to

More information

Differential Scanning Calorimetry; First and Second Order Transitions in Polymers

Differential Scanning Calorimetry; First and Second Order Transitions in Polymers Differential Scanning Calorimetry; First and Second Order Transitions in Polymers Purpose: Determine the enthalpy of melting (fusion) of polyethylene and the heat capacity, glass transition temperature,

More information

Expansion and shrinkage of fibers

Expansion and shrinkage of fibers Expansion and shrinkage of fibers Introduction Fibers are produced worldwide in enormous quantities. More than 20 million tons of synthetic fibers and 20 million tons of natural fibers are manufactured

More information

MILESTONE START D. Microwave Digestion System

MILESTONE START D. Microwave Digestion System MILESTONE H E L P I N G C H E M I S T S START D Microwave Digestion System The unique START D Milestone has been active for two decades in the field of microwave sample preparation and, with more than

More information

Optimising Glass Melting Processes with Energy & Mass Balance Calculations

Optimising Glass Melting Processes with Energy & Mass Balance Calculations Optimising Glass Melting Processes with Energy & Mass Balance Calculations Hans Mahrenholtz, Linde AG, Andre Ommer, OGIS GmbH, Germany Introduction Glass manufacturers are constantly under pressure to

More information

1.1 This test method covers the qualitative and quantitative determination of the content of benzene and toluene in hydrocarbon wax.

1.1 This test method covers the qualitative and quantitative determination of the content of benzene and toluene in hydrocarbon wax. Standard Method for Analysis of Benzene and Toluene Content in Hydrocarbon Waxes by Headspace Gas Chromatography EWF METHOD 002/03 (Version 1 Reviewed 2015) 1 Scope 1.1 This test method covers the qualitative

More information

High Pressure Asher HPA-S

High Pressure Asher HPA-S High Pressure Asher HPA-S HPA-S An ingenious concept Anton Paar Pioneer and leading developer in the field of sample preparation Anton Paar has developed and produced sample preparation instruments to

More information

Oxygen / Nitrogen / Hydrogen Analyzers

Oxygen / Nitrogen / Hydrogen Analyzers ON-900 OH-900 ONH-2000 H-500 Oxygen / Nitrogen / Hydrogen Analyzers ON-900 OH-900 ONH-2000 H-500 ELTRA Impulse furnace with ramping for fractional analyses! ONH-2000 Specialists for Elemental Analysis

More information

COMBIMASS. Technical Data COMBIMASS eco-bio +

COMBIMASS. Technical Data COMBIMASS eco-bio + COMBIMASS Technical Data THE SYSTEM COMBIMASS The field transmitters of the COMBIMASS eco series are suitable for gas flow measurement and cover a wide range of different applications. The instruments

More information

Thermal Analysis Applications in the Semiconductor Packaging Industry

Thermal Analysis Applications in the Semiconductor Packaging Industry application Note Thermal Analysis Authors Tiffany Kang Taiwan Boon-Chun Tan Malaysia Thermal Analysis Applications in the Semiconductor Packaging Industry PerkinElmer can provide a complete solution of

More information

Reliability Accuracy Performance

Reliability Accuracy Performance FCI flow switch guide Reliability Accuracy Performance eliability, accuracy and performance are the key product features required by FCI customers for their flow, level and temperature switch applications.

More information

The NEW Advanced Range of Portable Temperature Calibrators PROVISIONAL. Portable Dry Blocks, Liquid Baths and Multi-functional Heat Sources

The NEW Advanced Range of Portable Temperature Calibrators PROVISIONAL. Portable Dry Blocks, Liquid Baths and Multi-functional Heat Sources PROVISIONAL The Source for Calibration Professionals Portable Dry Blocks, Liquid Baths and Multi-functional Heat Sources The NEW Advanced Range of Portable Temperature Calibrators Advanced Range Isotech

More information

Effects of Tg and CTE on Semiconductor Encapsulants

Effects of Tg and CTE on Semiconductor Encapsulants Effects of Tg and CTE on Semiconductor Encapsulants Dr. Mark M. Konarski Loctite Corporation www.loctite.com Abstract As the role of direct-chip-attachment increases in the electronics industry, the reliability

More information

LABORATORY: TEMPERATURE AND RESPIRATION OF TOADS AND MAMMALS

LABORATORY: TEMPERATURE AND RESPIRATION OF TOADS AND MAMMALS LABORATORY: TEMPERATURE AND RESPIRATION OF TOADS AND MAMMALS Aerobic and Anaerobic Cellular Respiration In most cells, metabolism is supported by oxidation of carbon fuels, including lipid, carbohydrate

More information

Advances in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meter Accuracy

Advances in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meter Accuracy Advances in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meter Accuracy By Dan McQueen President Fluid Components International (FCI) Advances in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meter Accuracy By Dan McQueen President Fluid

More information

Dew Point Tester. Instruction Manual. CVS Regular Chiller Model A-2. CVS Regular Chiller Model A-2

Dew Point Tester. Instruction Manual. CVS Regular Chiller Model A-2. CVS Regular Chiller Model A-2 Instruction Manual Dew Point Tester The CVS Dew Point Tester is a chilled mirror apparatus, which operates by attaining the conditions necessary by the definition of dew point. When a gas is cooled out

More information

Meeting the Thermal Management Needs of Evolving Electronics Applications

Meeting the Thermal Management Needs of Evolving Electronics Applications Meeting the Thermal Management Needs of Evolving Electronics Applications Dr. Glenn Mitchell / August 2015 Agenda Introduction Thermal Industry Trends TIM Challenges, Needs & Criteria TIM Industry Solutions

More information

Characterization of Polyketone Copolymer by High Speed DSC

Characterization of Polyketone Copolymer by High Speed DSC application Note Thermal Analysis Authors Wim M. Groenewoud Eerste Hervendreef 32 5232 JK S Hertogenbosh The Netherlands Nik Boer PerkinElmer, Groningen The Netherlands Phil Robinson Thermal Analysis Consultant

More information

Heats of Transition, Heats of Reaction, Specific Heats, and Hess s Law

Heats of Transition, Heats of Reaction, Specific Heats, and Hess s Law Heats of Transition, Heats of Reaction, Specific Heats, and Hess s Law GOAL AND OVERVIEW A simple calorimeter will be made and calibrated. It will be used to determine the heat of fusion of ice, the specific

More information

Thermochemistry: Calorimetry and Hess s Law

Thermochemistry: Calorimetry and Hess s Law Thermochemistry: Calorimetry and Hess s Law Some chemical reactions are endothermic and proceed with absorption of heat while others are exothermic and proceed with an evolution of heat. The magnitude

More information

ENERGY HYDRO POWER SOLUTIONS FOR ELECTRICAL POWER TRANSFER ELECTRICAL PROTECTION SEALING

ENERGY HYDRO POWER SOLUTIONS FOR ELECTRICAL POWER TRANSFER ELECTRICAL PROTECTION SEALING ENERGY HYDRO POWER SOLUTIONS FOR ELECTRICAL POWER TRANSFER ELECTRICAL PROTECTION SEALING MERSEN A world leader committed to Renewable Energies A world leading supplier of electrical protection, sealing,

More information

4 Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA)

4 Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA) 172 4 Thermomechanical Analysis 4 Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA) 4.1 Principles of TMA 4.1.1 Introduction A dilatometer is used to determine the linear thermal expansion of a solid as a function of temperature.

More information

1/2000. Information for users of METTLER TOLEDO thermal analysis systems. Contents. TA TIP Interpreting DSC curves; Part 1: Dynamic measurements

1/2000. Information for users of METTLER TOLEDO thermal analysis systems. Contents. TA TIP Interpreting DSC curves; Part 1: Dynamic measurements 1/2000 Information for users of METTLER TOLEDO thermal analysis systems Dear Customer, The year 2000 should prove to be extremely interesting for METTLER TOLEDO thermal analysis. We plan to expand the

More information

HOW ACCURATE ARE THOSE THERMOCOUPLES?

HOW ACCURATE ARE THOSE THERMOCOUPLES? HOW ACCURATE ARE THOSE THERMOCOUPLES? Deggary N. Priest Priest & Associates Consulting, LLC INTRODUCTION Inevitably, during any QC Audit of the Laboratory s calibration procedures, the question of thermocouple

More information

ACE. Automated Soil CO 2 Exchange System. Soil flux: an important component of total carbon budget

ACE. Automated Soil CO 2 Exchange System. Soil flux: an important component of total carbon budget ACE Automated Soil CO 2 Exchange System Automated operation Automatically exposes soil area between measurements CO 2 analyser in chamber Highly accurate CO 2 IRGA housed directly inside soil chamber assembly

More information

Extreme Temperature Reed Switch Operation

Extreme Temperature Reed Switch Operation Application Note ANA Extreme Temperature Reed Switch Operation Hamlin reed switches are normally specified to operate in a temperature range of -4 C to +1 C. This application note will explain the reasons

More information

The Sievers 900 Series TOC Analyzers

The Sievers 900 Series TOC Analyzers GE Water & Process Technologies Analytical Instruments The Sievers 900 Series TOC Analyzers imagination at work Delivering Next-Generation Ease of Use, Productivity, and Reliability The Sievers* 900 Series

More information

Analyzing & Testing. Thermal Insulation Materials. Material Characterization, Phase Changes, Thermal Conductivity

Analyzing & Testing. Thermal Insulation Materials. Material Characterization, Phase Changes, Thermal Conductivity Analyzing & Testing Thermal Insulation Materials Material Characterization, Phase Changes, Thermal Conductivity Thermal Insulation Materials Common Types of Insulation Materials Thermal insulation materials

More information

Dew-Point Measurement Solutions

Dew-Point Measurement Solutions Dew-Point Measurement Solutions www.michell.com Dew-Point Measurement Solutions Special Features No downtime Michell Instruments offers a unique sensor exchange programme, which means that you will never

More information

FINESORB-3020. Surface Area. as or more than 0.1-2000m 2 /g. Distribution of Pore 0.35-500nm. Degas & Analysis Up to 12 Degas & 6 Analysis Station

FINESORB-3020. Surface Area. as or more than 0.1-2000m 2 /g. Distribution of Pore 0.35-500nm. Degas & Analysis Up to 12 Degas & 6 Analysis Station 1 FINESORB-3020 Surface Area and Porosimetry Analyzer Finesorb-3020 is Surface Area and Porosimetry Analyzer based on vacuum system from fintec instrument company.you could do the Surface Area analysis,aperture

More information

Thermal Diffusivity, Specific Heat, and Thermal Conductivity of Aluminum Oxide and Pyroceram 9606

Thermal Diffusivity, Specific Heat, and Thermal Conductivity of Aluminum Oxide and Pyroceram 9606 Report on the Thermal Diffusivity, Specific Heat, and Thermal Conductivity of Aluminum Oxide and Pyroceram 9606 This report presents the results of phenol diffusivity, specific heat and calculated thermal

More information

BB-18 Black Body High Vacuum System Technical Description

BB-18 Black Body High Vacuum System Technical Description BB-18 Black Body High Vacuum System Technical Description The BB-18 Black Body is versatile and is programmed for use as a fixed cold target at 80 K or variable target, at 80 K- 350 K no extra cost. The

More information

QGA Quantitative Gas Analyser

QGA Quantitative Gas Analyser QGA Quantitative Gas Analyser A compact bench-top system for real-time gas and vapour analysis Detailed product information / introduction catalysis studies environmental gas analysis fermentation off-gas

More information

Customer service. Spare parts and services for NETZSCH customers. Pumps & Systems

Customer service. Spare parts and services for NETZSCH customers. Pumps & Systems Customer service Spare parts and services for NETZSCH customers Pumps & Systems Your Partner NETZSCH Pumps & Systems With their NEMO progressing cavity pumps, TORNADO rotary lobe pumps, macerators, dosing

More information

ADU 5. Automatic Distillation Unit

ADU 5. Automatic Distillation Unit ADU 5 Automatic Distillation Unit Atmospheric Distillation Distillation tests are used to characterize the volatility of petrochemical products. These volatility characteristics are a critical measurement

More information

UV-Vis spectrophotometers

UV-Vis spectrophotometers UV-Vis spectrophotometers an Advanced Digital Technology EXPERIENCE SECOMAM is proud to provide the new fourthgeneration UVIKON ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometers.with more than five decades of experience

More information

Entropy Changes & Processes

Entropy Changes & Processes Entropy Changes & Processes Chapter 4 of Atkins: he Second Law: he Concepts Section 4.3, 7th edition; 3.3, 8th edition Entropy of Phase ransition at the ransition emperature Expansion of the Perfect Gas

More information

critical supplies Consumables and Accessories 2002 Catalog for your analytical instrument Atomic Absorption Inductively Coupled Plasma OES and MS

critical supplies Consumables and Accessories 2002 Catalog for your analytical instrument Atomic Absorption Inductively Coupled Plasma OES and MS Inorganic Analysis Chromatography Molecular Spectroscopy Thermal Analysis Informatics Consumables and Accessories 2002 Catalog critical supplies for your analytical instrument Atomic Absorption Inductively

More information

The atomic packing factor is defined as the ratio of sphere volume to the total unit cell volume, or APF = V S V C. = 2(sphere volume) = 2 = V C = 4R

The atomic packing factor is defined as the ratio of sphere volume to the total unit cell volume, or APF = V S V C. = 2(sphere volume) = 2 = V C = 4R 3.5 Show that the atomic packing factor for BCC is 0.68. The atomic packing factor is defined as the ratio of sphere volume to the total unit cell volume, or APF = V S V C Since there are two spheres associated

More information

Fiber Optic Sampling by UV/Vis and UV/Vis/NIR Spectroscopy

Fiber Optic Sampling by UV/Vis and UV/Vis/NIR Spectroscopy Fiber Optic Sampling by UV/Vis and UV/Vis/NIR Spectroscopy UV/VIS AND UV/VIS/NIR SPECTROSCOPY A P P L I C A T I O N N O T E Introduction The availability and applications of fiber optic sampling in UV/Vis

More information

Introductory Laboratory EST - Experiment 9 Calorimetry - 1 - Introductory Laboratory Energy Science and Technology. Experiment 9. Physical Chemistry

Introductory Laboratory EST - Experiment 9 Calorimetry - 1 - Introductory Laboratory Energy Science and Technology. Experiment 9. Physical Chemistry Introductory Laboratory EST - Experiment 9 Calorimetry - 1 - Introductory Laboratory Energy Science and Technology Experiment 9 Physical Chemistry Calorimetry Abstract The heat of combustion of Naphthalene

More information

Gas Custody Transfer Calibration

Gas Custody Transfer Calibration Gas Custody Transfer Calibration Using multi variable temperature / pressure calibrators for flowmeter calibration 2013 Introduction Gas custody transfer flow computers require special calibration to perform

More information

Ultrasonic cleaning technology and cleaning chemicals

Ultrasonic cleaning technology and cleaning chemicals Ultrasonics.Steam.Ultraclean. Medicine Dental Hygiene Ultrasonic cleaning technology and cleaning chemicals Developed for and matched to the requirements in the dental sector www.elma-ultrasonic.com Elmasonic

More information

Building materials thermal conductivity measurement and correlation with heat flow meter, laser flash analysis and TCi

Building materials thermal conductivity measurement and correlation with heat flow meter, laser flash analysis and TCi J Therm Anal Calorim DOI 10.1007/s10973-011-1760-x Building materials thermal conductivity measurement and correlation with heat flow meter, laser flash analysis and TCi Junghoon Cha Jungki Seo Sumin Kim

More information

THE PSEUDO SINGLE ROW RADIATOR DESIGN

THE PSEUDO SINGLE ROW RADIATOR DESIGN International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET) Volume 7, Issue 1, Jan-Feb 2016, pp. 146-153, Article ID: IJMET_07_01_015 Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijmet/issues.asp?jtype=ijmet&vtype=7&itype=1

More information

Thermal Analysis 60 Series Application Data Book Foods and Pharmaceuticals

Thermal Analysis 60 Series Application Data Book Foods and Pharmaceuticals C160-E009 Thermal Analysis 60 Series Application Data Book Foods and Pharmaceuticals Contents 1. Melting of Fats and Oils 1.1 Chocolate ------------------------------------------------- 1 1.2 Olive Oil

More information

Effect of Magnesium Oxide Content on Final Slag Fluidity of Blast Furnace

Effect of Magnesium Oxide Content on Final Slag Fluidity of Blast Furnace China Steel Technical Report, No. 21, pp. 21-28, (2008) J. S. Shiau and S. H. Liu 21 Effect of Magnesium Oxide Content on Final Slag Fluidity of Blast Furnace JIA-SHYAN SHIAU and SHIH-HSIEN LIU Steel and

More information

Laminar Flow Elements

Laminar Flow Elements Laminar Flow Elements Meriam Laminar Flow Elements (LFEs) are excellent for measuring low gas flow rates from 0.2 SCCM up to 2250 SCFM. They are inherently accurate and repeatable and are calibrated traceable

More information

As versatile as your requirements. 384 well. 96 well combi 48 well in situ

As versatile as your requirements. 384 well. 96 well combi 48 well in situ As versatile as your requirements 384 well 96 well combi 48 well in situ Over the past 10 years Peltier technology has become the preferred technology used in thermocycling. This is largely due to its

More information

Solution heat treatment facility

Solution heat treatment facility Solution heat treatment facility for aircraft industr y HOFMANN Wär metechnik Welcome to the quality of H O F M A N N W ä r m e t e c h n i k Solution heat treatment facility for aluminium par ts HOFMANN

More information

A.17. OXIDIZING PROPERTIES (SOLIDS)

A.17. OXIDIZING PROPERTIES (SOLIDS) A.17. OXIDIZING PROPERTIES (SOLIDS) 1. METHOD 1.1. INTRODUCTION It is useful to have preliminary information on any potentially explosive properties of the substance before performing this test. This test

More information

LNG Monitoring. Fiber-Optic Leakage Detection System. Pipeline leakage detection. Regasification and liquefaction monitoring

LNG Monitoring. Fiber-Optic Leakage Detection System. Pipeline leakage detection. Regasification and liquefaction monitoring LNG Monitoring Fiber-Optic Leakage Detection System Pipeline leakage detection Regasification and liquefaction monitoring Tank annulus and base slab monitoring Spill containment control Intelligent Solutions

More information

Temperature Accuracy of Thermistors and RTDs Application Notes

Temperature Accuracy of Thermistors and RTDs Application Notes Thermistors and RTDs are devices used to measure temperature in modern Heating, Ventilating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration (HVAC/R) systems. The electrical resistance of both devices is determined

More information

The PMI Advanced. BET SORPTOMETER BET-201-AELC-2OS Not just products...solutions!

The PMI Advanced. BET SORPTOMETER BET-201-AELC-2OS Not just products...solutions! The PMI Advanced BET SORPTOMETER BET-201-AELC-2OS Not just products...solutions! DESCRIPTION The Fully automated equipment is intended for measurement of adsorption characteristics of various gases on

More information

We bring quality to light. MAS 40 Mini-Array Spectrometer. light measurement

We bring quality to light. MAS 40 Mini-Array Spectrometer. light measurement MAS 40 Mini-Array Spectrometer light measurement Features at a glance Cost-effective and robust CCD spectrometer technology Standard USB interface Compatible with all Instrument Systems measuring adapters

More information

MB3600-HP12 / Measurement & Analytics. Laboratory FT-NIR Heavy Oils Analyzer Crude oil, fuel oil, heavy oil upgrader unit feeds

MB3600-HP12 / Measurement & Analytics. Laboratory FT-NIR Heavy Oils Analyzer Crude oil, fuel oil, heavy oil upgrader unit feeds MB3600-HP12 / Measurement & Analytics Laboratory FT-NIR Heavy Oils Analyzer Crude oil, fuel oil, heavy oil upgrader unit feeds Adapted for crude oil, fuel oil and heavy oil upgrader unit feed applications

More information

Distributed Temperature Monitoring of Energy Transmission and Distribution Systems

Distributed Temperature Monitoring of Energy Transmission and Distribution Systems 1 m 40000m0 range 61850 IEC spatial resolution Distributed Temperature Monitoring of Energy Transmission and Distribution Systems Ensuring a Reliable Supply of Electrical Power for Today s World www.en-sure.pro

More information