Green Gas in Dutch Gas Supply

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1 Green Gas in Dutch Gas Supply M.J.J. Scheepers February 2013 ECN-L

2 Green Gas in Dutch Gas Supply Martin Scheepers EDGaR-DVGW Joint Conference Arnhem February 7,

3 Outline Gas in the Netherlands Green Gas Bio SNG Power2Gas Challenges 2

4 Gas in the Netherlands

5 Role of natural gas in Dutch energy supply Correljé,

6 Current and future Gas Consumption in the Netherlands 5

7 Historical and future natural gas supply in the Netherlands CBS/ECN 6

8 Unconventional gas in the Netherlands Potential reserve shale gas (non proven): 200 to 500 BCM No shale gas production yet 2 exploratory drilling projects 7

9 Green Gas

10 Green gas options Gas from biomass Fermentation of biomass (biogas) Gasification of biomass (biosyngas) Power2Gas Green electricity (e.g. wind energy) hydrogen with CO 2 or biogas/biosyngas to SNG 9

11 Biogas production in the Netherlands Biogas from different biomass sources: Manure and other biomass in agriculture sector (co-fermentation) Sewage sludge treatment Industrial waste water treatment Municipal solid waste Landfill (landfill gas) Vegetable, fruit and garden waste (GFT) Total number of plants in the Netherlands:

12 Biogas utilisation Heating (9 MW) Power generation (212 MW) Green gas production and injection in natural gas grid Total capacity: m3/h Number of plants: 19 Annual production: 0.25 BCM 11

13 Gasification of biomass Syngas CH 4, CO 2, CO, H 2 and H 2 O Raw biomass Pre-treated biomass Gasification Gas treatment 4 Issues for syngas CHP Methanation Fischer- Tropsch Shift Electricity / Heat SNG (Substitute Natural Gas) Biofuels 2 nd generation Hydrogen / Hytane Injected to the grid Bio-NGV 12

14 Green gas policy target 13

15 Bio SNG

16 Bio SNG process biomass ECN Technology 15

17 Bio SNG demo plant Demo plant 12 MW (waste wood) Commercial plant MW Location: Alkmaar, Boekelermeer Consortium: HVC, Gasunie, Royal Dahlman, ECN 16

18 Costs and benefits of bio SNG Costs Biomass costs 4-6 /GJ Biomass gasification & SNG production costs /GJ Cost reduction options Biomass (e.g. waste streams) Bio SNG plant scale of production technology improvements Benefits Green energy Security of Supply (i.e. diversification of energy supply) Fossil CO 2 reduction 17

19 Power2Gas

20 Power2Gas Renewable energy source (Excess) electricity from renewable power generation (e.g. large offshore wind farms) Power2Gas can help to manage electricity excess problems and is an alternative to (Large scale) electricity storage Demand side response Transport to regions with electricity demand Power2Gas routes Power to Hydrogen by electrolysis Power to Substitute Natural Gas by electrolysis + methanation 19

21 CO2 P2G: SNG from green electricity and CO E electrolysis H2 Methanation SNG MWe 710 MW th 1 Mton CO MW th 20

22 Biogas CO 2 from capture plants P- GRID P2G: methanation with green CO 2 Large Surplus Electricity Mode Electricity from Renewable e Electricity from Fossil Fuels Solar Wind Hydro Solid Oxide Electrolyzer H 2 SNG plant CO 2 Capture Storage Conversion electricity to CH 4 O 2 Heat H 2 O P2G CO 2 Re-Use 0.6 CH CO 2 H 2 O Heat Bio-Syngas CH 4 + CO + CO 2 + H 2 CH 4 Gas Storage G- GRID Combined Heat Power 21

23 CO 2 from capture plants Bio-Syngas And/or Biogas P- GRID P2G methanartion with green CO 2 Small Surplus Electricity Mode Electricity from Renewable e Electricity from Fossil Fuels Solar Wind Hydro Bio-Syngas And/or Biogas Solid Oxide Electrolyzer Fuel assisted electrolysis CO 2 Capture Storage Conversion electricity to CH 4 CO 2 + H 2 O H 2 O P2G H 2 CO 2 Re-Use SNG plant H 2 O Heat CH 4 Gas Storage G- GRID Combined Heat Power 22

24 Challenges

25 Challenges Technical challenges Gas quality Transition form G and L to H gas Wobbe-index and gas composition Point of injection: transport (high pressure) or distribution grid? Techno-economic challenges Biomass supply (diversity, costs) Green gas production costs Gas and CO 2 price Regulatory and market challenges Level playing field Market access 24

26 Thank you for your attention This presentation was made with contributions from: Luc Rabou Stéphane Walspurger Bram van der Drift Jeroen de Joode ECN Westerduinweg 3 P.O. Box LE Petten 1755 ZG Petten The Netherlands The Netherlands T F

27 ECN Westerduinweg 3 P.O. Box LE Petten 1755 LG Petten The Netherlands The Netherlands T F ecn.nl 8

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