Land areas and biomass production for current and future use in the Nordic and Baltic countries

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Land areas and biomass production for current and future use in the Nordic and Baltic countries"

Transcription

1 Land areas and biomass production for current and future use in the Nordic and Baltic countries Lars Rytter The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden October 22, 2014

2 Skogforsk in brief Forestry and the Government in collaboration Applied research and development R&D for sustainable and profitable forestry Over 100 employees, in three locations Communication of knowledge Research areas: - Forest Production - Wood Supply

3 Members Founders LRF Skogsägarna Large forestry enterprises Others Other forestry enterprises Common land associations Private forest owners Forest contractors Dioceses Forest commons Nurseries Hauliers, etc.

4 Research organisationen Two research areas. Six programmes. Forest Production Marie Larsson-Stern Wood Supply Magnus Thor Tree Breeding, North Tree Breeding, South Silviculture & Environment Operations and Products Forest Energy Planning Bengt Andersson Gull Bo Karlsson Isabelle Bergkvist Rolf Björheden Maria Iwarsson Wide Gert Andersson

5 Statement: As the use of renewable energy is already high in the region, the vision of independence of fossil energy by 2050 in the Nordic countries can be approached with confidence and energy from biofuels will most likely be of great importance in the future in all included countries.

6 Content: Background Energy use and goals Forest status Woody biomass availability Current and future biofuel harvest Obstacles to biomass use Growth improvement measures

7 Background Project ENERWOODS Wood based Energy Systems from Nordic Forests Support ENERWOODS is a project funded by Nordic Energy Research under the programme Sustainable Energy Systems

8 Background Aim ENERWOODS aims at strengthening the role of Nordic forestry as a significant contributor to the development of competitive, efficient and renewable energy systems. Participating countries Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden Later joined by Estonia and Latvia

9 Energy situation Share of renewable energy up to 14.1% of energy consumption in the EU28 in Eurostat News Release, 11 March Sweden Latvia Finland Austria Denmark Estonia Portugal Romania Lithuania Slovenia Croatia Bulgaria Greece Spain Italy France Germany Czech Republic Poland Slovakia Hungary Ireland Cyprus Belgium Netherlands United Kingdom Luxemburg Malta European Union Share of renewable energy Share in 2012 Target 2020

10 Energy situation Proportion of renewable energy in the EU and Iceland, Turkey, Norway and Switzerland as percentage of total energy consumption.

11 Energy situation Total end use of energy c Primary supply of renewable energy TWh yr Denmark Finland Norway Sweden Estonia Latvia Total

12 % of total Energy situation Distribution of renewable energy Denmark Finland Norway Sweden Estonia Latvia Total Solar energy Biomass % Waste Geothermic energy Hydropower energy Wind energy

13 Units in the forestry and energy sectors 2.5 million m 3 sk = 1 million tons DM = 5.3 TWh = 19.2 PJ

14 The Forests Forest land of total land area Country Forest land Total land area Forest land of total land area ha ha % Denmark Finland Norway Sweden Estonia Latvia TOTAL

15 The Forests Growing stock in mill.m 3 on bark and distributed on main tree species Tree species Country Total Denmark Finland Norway Sweden Estonia Latvia Scots pine Norway spruce Birch Other broadleaves Other conifers 25 < <1 72 Total Total (m 3 ha -1 )

16 Growing stock of tree species (%) The Forests Growing stock distributed on main tree species and expressed in % Denmark Finland Norway Sweden Estonia Country Scots pine Norway spruce Birch Other broadleaves Other conifers

17 Forest area (% of total) The Forests Age class distribution in % of total forest area Denmark Finland Norway Sweden* Estonia Latvia Total >140 Age class

18 The Forests Annual increment of stem volumes, million m 3 yr -1 Tree species Country Total Denmark Finland Norway Sweden Estonia Latvia Scots pine n.a. Norway spruce n.a n.a. Birch n.a n.a. Other broadleaves n.a. Total Total (m 3 ha -1 yr -1 )

19 Availability for wood supply (%) Biomass availability Growing stock Country Growing stock Total Available for wood supply mill. m 3 mill. m 3 Denmark Finland 2,305 2,024 Norway Sweden 3,002 2,651 Estonia Latvia Total 7,385 6,

20 Fellings share of totalincrement (%) Biomass availability Increment and fellings Country Annual amount (mill.m 3 ) Increment Fellings mill. m 3 mill. m 3 Denmark Finland Norway Sweden Estonia Latvia Total

21 Biomass availability Obstacles to utilization 1. Conflicts with other interests (eg. conservation, social values) 2. Technical problems (eg. steep terrain, wetlands) 3. Management restrictions (eg. foreign tree species, clone material) 4. Damage (eg. animal browsing, frost)

22 Wood for energy (TWh) Current and future energy wood harvests Denmark Wood for energy objective (TWh) BAU BIO ENV Kombi Scenario (Graudal et al. 2013) BAU unchanged forest management BIO focus on production, increased use of conifers, improved material, thinning ENV focus on environment, increased afforestation, more broadleaves w longer rotations Kombi increased afforestation, set aside for biodiversity, more harvest & improve mtrl

23 Wood for energy of energy use (%) Current and future energy wood harvests Denmark Wood for energy objective (TWh) BAU BIO ENV Kombi Scenario (Graudal et al. 2013)

24 Current and future energy wood harvests Finland Potential bioenergy harvest (TWh yr -1 ) from Kärkkäinen et al. (2008). Scenario Period Current climate 48 Sustainable cutting Maximum cutting 76 63

25 Biofuel potential (TWh yr -1 ) Current and future energy wood harvests Norway Current annual biofuel harvest potential from Gjølsjø & Hobbelstad (2009) Slash Stumps and large roots Total Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 1 = all forest without restrictions, all wood from harvests Level 2 = reduction for off road distance, steep terrain and environment Level 3 = as 2 but with a forest road programme

26 Annual biofuel potential (Twh yr -1 ) Current and future energy wood harvests Sweden Annual biofuel harvest potential from SKA-08 (Swedish Forest Agency 2008) Final felling - Slash Final felling - Stumps Thinning - Slash Thinning - Stumps Small-sized trees Total Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 1 no restrictions, all possible biofuels used Level 2 ecological restrictions Level 3 both ecological and technical/economic restrictions

27 Current and future energy wood harvests Estonia Potential woody biomass for energy (www.energiatalqud.ee). Assortment Usable for energy (TWh) Energy potential (TWh) Fuelwood from stems Felling residues Stumps Non-forest land Wood industry Total Latvia Annually extractable forest biofuel is 49.5 TWh (Gruduel et al. 2013).

28 Growth improvement measures 1. A Changing climate 2. Increased fertilization 3. Improved plant material 4. Extended cultivation area 5. Change of tree species 6. New management systems

29 1. A changing climate Example Sweden (Swedish Forest Agency 2008, reference scenario)

30 2. Increased fertilization Example Sweden Suitable land for fertilization according to recommendations from Swedish National Forestry Agency In % of total forestland Suitable land for fertilization according to recommendations from Swedish National Forestry Agency In % of total forestland

31 3. Improved plant material Example Sweden Genetic gain. Norway spruce till +35 (%) till +15 Local seed 80 Current seed orchard New seed orchard Cuttings

32 4. Extended cultivation area Mainly abandoned agriculture land) Denmark Finland Norway Sweden Estonia Latvia TOTAL ha ha ha, mainly coastal heathland ha ha ha ha

33 5. Change of tree species Mean annual increment of stem volume on fertile soils in southern Sweden. Tree species Norway spruce Scots pine 9 12 Silver birch Contorta pine Hybrid larch Hybrid aspen Poplar c. 25 Sibirian larch c. 8 Sitka spruce Douglas fir Grand fir Volume stem wood (m 3 ha -1 yr -1 )

34 6. New management systems Combination of different tree species.

35 Conclusions As the use of renewable energy is already high in the region, the vision of independence of fossil energy by 2050 in the Nordic countries can be approached with confidence and energy from biofuels will most likely be of great importance in the future in all included countries. - We have a lot of woody biomass available - The growth is larger than the harvests - Scenarios indicate a large future availability of biomass - Growth improvement measures have a large potential

36 Link:

Database Grundtvig courses. January 2011 December 2012

Database Grundtvig courses. January 2011 December 2012 Database Grundtvig courses January 2011 December 2012 1. Totals courses Courses aimed at participants receiving: 10 1057 A grant for either Comenius or Grundtvig target groups (COM+GRU) 28% 299 A Grundtvig

More information

Hungary s labour market indicators continue to improve

Hungary s labour market indicators continue to improve Hungary s labour market indicators continue to improve Employment rate higher again in Hungary According to the latest data, the positive trend regarding growth in the number of people in employment has

More information

ERMInE Database. Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research. ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 2006

ERMInE Database. Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research. ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 2006 ERMInE Database Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 26 Overview Content of the Ermine Database Electronic Questionnaire RTD&D Data

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS BY ALTERNATIVE FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter 4 2015

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS BY ALTERNATIVE FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter 4 2015 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS BY ALTERNATIVE FUEL TYPE IN THE Quarter 4 2015 Alternative fuel vehicle (AFV) registrations: +20.0% in 2015; +21.1% in Q4 In the fourth quarter of 2015, total alternative

More information

Wood fuel market development in Northern Europe EUBIONET2 - International training programme

Wood fuel market development in Northern Europe EUBIONET2 - International training programme Wood fuel market development in Northern Europe EUBIONET2 - International training programme Lasse Okkonen North Karelia University of Applied Sciences Lasse.Okkonen@pkamk.fi Wood fuels in Europe Consumption

More information

187/2014-5 December 2014. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter

187/2014-5 December 2014. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter 187/2014-5 December 2014 This News Release has been revised following an error in the data for Gross Fixed Capital Formation. This affects both the growth of GFCF and its contribution to GDP growth. All

More information

Employment by Economic Activity

Employment by Economic Activity Employment by Economic Activity Short Term Indicators of the Labour Market Employment Trends through 2nd Quarter 2013 Department of Statistics Contents Methodological Note 2 Summary of Employment Trends

More information

99/2015-9 June 2015. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter

99/2015-9 June 2015. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter 2005Q1 2005Q2 2005Q3 2005Q4 2006Q1 2006Q2 2006Q3 2006Q4 2007Q1 2007Q2 2007Q3 2007Q4 2008Q1 2008Q2 2008Q3 2008Q4 2009Q1 2009Q2 2009Q3 2009Q4 2010Q1 2010Q2 2010Q3 2010Q4 2011Q1 2011Q2 2011Q3 2011Q4 2012Q1

More information

Projected Population of Scotland (2008-based) Figures

Projected Population of Scotland (2008-based) Figures Projected Population of Scotland (2008-based) Figures Contents Figure 1 Estimated population of Scotland, actual and projected, 1951-2083 Figure 2 Births and deaths, actual and projected, Scotland, 1951-2033

More information

Actual annual working time in France and in Europe in 2013

Actual annual working time in France and in Europe in 2013 Actual annual working time in France and in Europe in 2013 Update to the January 2012 study plus new data Summary of the Working Paper N.49 : La durée effective du travail en France et en Europe (June

More information

Analysis of statistics 2015

Analysis of statistics 2015 Analysis of statistics 215 January 216 ECHR Analysis of Statistics 215 Table of Contents Overview of the Court s statistics in 215... 4 A. Number of new applications... 4 B. Applications disposed of judicially

More information

Labour Force Survey 2014 Almost 10 million part-time workers in the EU would have preferred to work more Two-thirds were women

Labour Force Survey 2014 Almost 10 million part-time workers in the EU would have preferred to work more Two-thirds were women 75/2015-27 April 2015 Labour Force Survey 2014 Almost 10 million part-time workers in the EU would have preferred to work more Two-thirds were women Among the 44.1 million persons in the European Union

More information

Mål og virkemidler i de nordiske landenes handlingsplaner for Fornybar Energi

Mål og virkemidler i de nordiske landenes handlingsplaner for Fornybar Energi Mål og virkemidler i de nordiske landenes handlingsplaner for Fornybar Energi Bjarne Juul-Kristensen Energistyrelsen, Nordiske Arbejdsgruppe for Fornybar Energi Content Targets and measures in RES-Directive

More information

Finnish foreign trade 2015 Figures and diagrams FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1

Finnish foreign trade 2015 Figures and diagrams FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1 Finnish foreign trade 215 Figures and diagrams 29.2.216 FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1 IMPORTS, EXPORTS AND TRADE BALANCE 199-215 7 billion e 6 5 4 3 2 1-1 9 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

More information

Energy prices in the EU Household electricity prices in the EU rose by 2.9% in 2014 Gas prices up by 2.0% in the EU

Energy prices in the EU Household electricity prices in the EU rose by 2.9% in 2014 Gas prices up by 2.0% in the EU 92/2015-27 May 2015 Energy prices in the EU Household electricity prices in the EU rose by 2.9% in 2014 Gas prices up by 2.0% in the EU In the European Union (EU), household electricity prices 1 rose by

More information

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS Erasmus+ Master Loan: opening up access to more affordable lending for cross-border studies The Erasmus+ programme makes it possible for students who want to take a full Masters level

More information

41 T Korea, Rep. 52.3. 42 T Netherlands 51.4. 43 T Japan 51.1. 44 E Bulgaria 51.1. 45 T Argentina 50.8. 46 T Czech Republic 50.4. 47 T Greece 50.

41 T Korea, Rep. 52.3. 42 T Netherlands 51.4. 43 T Japan 51.1. 44 E Bulgaria 51.1. 45 T Argentina 50.8. 46 T Czech Republic 50.4. 47 T Greece 50. Overall Results Climate Change Performance Index 2012 Table 1 Rank Country Score** Partial Score Tendency Trend Level Policy 1* Rank Country Score** Partial Score Tendency Trend Level Policy 21 - Egypt***

More information

FAO Regional Office (REU) - Budapest

FAO Regional Office (REU) - Budapest Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (REU) FAO Regional Office (REU) - Budapest Norbert Winkler-Ráthonyi (Forestry Officer) CI - SFM Regional Workshop Zagreb, Croatia, 26-27 March 2013 Regional

More information

1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2. 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4

1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2. 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4 Bankruptcy Systems and In-court Reorganisation of Firms, 2010 Content: 1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4 3. Perception of Creditor Committees, Fast

More information

The Guardianship Service

The Guardianship Service The Guardianship Service How can they help you? When you arrive in Belgium Are you under the age of 18 and have you arrived in Belgium without your father or mother? You are searching for support and accommodation

More information

Taxation trends in the European Union EU27 tax ratio fell to 39.3% of GDP in 2008 Steady decline in top corporate income tax rate since 2000

Taxation trends in the European Union EU27 tax ratio fell to 39.3% of GDP in 2008 Steady decline in top corporate income tax rate since 2000 DG TAXUD 95/2010-28 June 2010 Taxation trends in the European Union EU27 tax ratio fell to 39.3% of GDP in 2008 Steady decline in top corporate income tax rate since 2000 The overall tax-to-gdp ratio 1

More information

IMMIGRATION TO CANADA

IMMIGRATION TO CANADA NOTE: IMMIGRATION TO CANADA 1928-1971 RANK COUNTRY OF ORIGIN TOTALS 1 United Kingdom * 1152415 2 United States of America 527346 3 Italy 471940 4 Germany 370641 5 Netherlands 185664 6 Poland 117244 7 Greece

More information

Causes of death in the EU28 in 2010 Circulatory diseases main cause of death for men and women aged 65 years and over

Causes of death in the EU28 in 2010 Circulatory diseases main cause of death for men and women aged 65 years and over 178/2013-28 November 2013 Causes of death in the EU28 in 2010 Circulatory main cause of death for men and women aged 65 years and over For the older EU28 population, those aged 65 years and over, circulatory

More information

Renewable Energy Support Policies in Europe June 2016 RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPORT POLICIES

Renewable Energy Support Policies in Europe June 2016 RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPORT POLICIES Renewable Energy Support Policies in Europe June 2016 RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPORT POLICIES TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS... 2 LIST OF FIGURES... 9 OVERVIEW... 14 MAJORS CHANGES SINCE THE LAST VERSION

More information

Credit transfer to Customer account with AS "Meridian Trade Bank" EUR, USD free of charge * - 4.1.2. Other countries currency information in the Bank

Credit transfer to Customer account with AS Meridian Trade Bank EUR, USD free of charge * - 4.1.2. Other countries currency information in the Bank Pricelist for individuals residents of Latvia SERVICES 4. TRANSFERS In the Bank PRICE LIST IN EUR Using «MultiNet» 4.1. 4.1.1. Credit transfer to Customer account with EUR, USD free of charge * 4.1.2.

More information

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS Ref. Ares(2015)660570-17/02/2015 ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS Erasmus+ Master Loan: opening up access to more affordable lending for cross-border studies The Erasmus+ programme makes it possible for students

More information

Beer statistics. 2014 edition. The Brewers of Europe

Beer statistics. 2014 edition. The Brewers of Europe Beer statistics 2014 edition The Brewers of Europe Beer statistics 2014 edition The Brewers of Europe Editor: Marlies Van de Walle 1st edition, October 2014 ISBN 978-2-9601382-3-8 EAN 9782960138238 1

More information

EUF STATISTICS. 31 December 2013

EUF STATISTICS. 31 December 2013 . ESTIMATES OF EU TURNOVER VOLUMES. Turnover volumes by product, allocation and notification (Estimates of EU s, Millions of ) Estimate of the EU % on Turnover Significance of the sample on total turnover

More information

Wood market in Poland: structure of use, industrial and energy purposes

Wood market in Poland: structure of use, industrial and energy purposes InnovaWood/Wood Technology Institute Poznan, 25-26.06.2007 Wood market in Poland: structure of use, industrial and energy purposes Prof. Ewa Ratajczak, PhD Wojciech Cichy, PhD Joanna Pikul, MSc Wood Technology

More information

Map #1: Answer Key. Bosnia Croatia Greece Kosovo (you have to draw in this border) Macedonia Montenegro Serbia Slovenia Crete (Greece)

Map #1: Answer Key. Bosnia Croatia Greece Kosovo (you have to draw in this border) Macedonia Montenegro Serbia Slovenia Crete (Greece) Map #1: Answer Key Map #1: Answer Key Directions: Find all of these countries on the answer key and check them off as you go. Since borders are constantly changing, there are few countries missing from

More information

Cancer Care: Chart Set.

Cancer Care: Chart Set. Cancer Care: Chart Set www.oecd.org/health/health-systems/cancer-care.htm 110 123 129 120 130 146 143 138 144 164 167 163 156 163 162 166 156 149 172 172 175 166 167 179 182 173 138 187 189 178 192 186

More information

Climate change is a global challenge that can only be addressed effectively through a global effort.

Climate change is a global challenge that can only be addressed effectively through a global effort. Climate change is a global challenge that can only be addressed effectively through a global effort. The UN Climate Change Conference in Bali in December 2007 should decide to launch a process for achieving

More information

Waste. Copenhagen, 3 rd September 2014. Almut Reichel Project Manager Sustainable consumption and production & waste, European Environment Agency

Waste. Copenhagen, 3 rd September 2014. Almut Reichel Project Manager Sustainable consumption and production & waste, European Environment Agency Waste Copenhagen, 3 rd September 2014 Almut Reichel Project Manager Sustainable consumption and production & waste, European Environment Agency Waste and material resources MAWP Strategic Area 1.9 Objective

More information

Third quarter of 2014 Annual growth in labour costs down to 1.3% in euro area Stable at 1.4% in EU28

Third quarter of 2014 Annual growth in labour costs down to 1.3% in euro area Stable at 1.4% in EU28 198/2014-17 December 2014 Third quarter of 2014 Annual growth in labour costs down to 1.3% in euro area Stable at 1.4% in EU28 Hourly labour costs 1 rose by 1.3% in the euro area 2 (EA18) and by 1.4% in

More information

Facts: Population Baldwin & Wyplosz 2006

Facts: Population Baldwin & Wyplosz 2006 Facts: Population Facts: Population 6 big nations: > 35 million (Germany, the UK, France, Italy, Spain and Poland). Netherlands: 16 million people. 8 small nations (size of a big city): 8 to 11 million:

More information

Pan- European region

Pan- European region Call for photographs in support of UNEP s assessment work in the PanEuropean region Background The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is requesting interested persons to participate in this call

More information

Wine production PART 1. CHART 26: Area of vineyards and production of wine, share of world total (2010)

Wine production PART 1. CHART 26: Area of vineyards and production of wine, share of world total (2010) PART 1 production The region produced 16.7 million of wine in 2010, which was 64 percent of total global wine production. With 4.5 million hectares of its land covered by vineyards, the region is home

More information

168/2014-4 November 2014. At risk of poverty or social exclusion 2 rate in the EU28, 2008-2013 (% of total population)

168/2014-4 November 2014. At risk of poverty or social exclusion 2 rate in the EU28, 2008-2013 (% of total population) 168/2014-4 November 2014 At risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU28 More than 120 million persons at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2013 Almost 1 out of every 4 persons in the EU in this

More information

SEPA. Changes in the Payment System Implementation of the European SEPA Regulations for Kuna and Euro Payments

SEPA. Changes in the Payment System Implementation of the European SEPA Regulations for Kuna and Euro Payments SEPA Changes in the Payment System Implementation of the European SEPA Regulations for Kuna and Euro Payments SEPA The Single Euro Payments Area (SEPA) stands for a European Union (EU) payments integration

More information

Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans of the European Member States

Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans of the European Member States Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans of the European Member States Covering all 27 EU Member States L.W.M. Beurskens M. Hekkenberg ECN-E--10-069 1 February

More information

193/2014-15 December 2014. Hourly labour costs in the EU28 Member States, 2012 (in )

193/2014-15 December 2014. Hourly labour costs in the EU28 Member States, 2012 (in ) 193/2014-15 December 2014 Labour Cost Survey 2012 in the EU28 Labour costs highest in the financial and insurance sector Three times higher than in the accommodation and food sector In 2012, average hourly

More information

EXCISE DUTY RATES FOR BEER IN EUROPE

EXCISE DUTY RATES FOR BEER IN EUROPE EXCISE DUTY RATES FOR BEER IN EUROPE Rates as at: 1 October 2012 The Brewers of Europe, 2012 Reproduction is authorised, provided the source is mentioned. While The Brewers of Europe endeavours to ensure

More information

Employee eligibility to work in the UK

Employee eligibility to work in the UK Employee eligibility to work in the UK This document details legal requirements that apply to ALL new members of staff All employers in the UK are legally bound to comply with the Asylum and Immigration

More information

Introduction to the European Patent Office and the European patent system

Introduction to the European Patent Office and the European patent system Introduction to the European Patent Office and the European patent system Michaël De Smet European Patent Office 28-09-202 Contents The European Patent Convention The European Patent Office The European

More information

Trends and projections in Europe 2013

Trends and projections in Europe 2013 EEA Report No 10/2013 Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets until 2020 Executive summary ISSN 1725-9177 Executive summary This 2013 edition of the annual EEA 'Trends and projections'

More information

COMPANY REGISTRATION/ REVIEW FORM

COMPANY REGISTRATION/ REVIEW FORM Social Welfare Services COMPANY REGISTRATION/ REVIEW FORM FOR COMPANIES APPLYING FOR E101/A1 CERTIFICATES Please use this page as a guide to filling in this form. Please use BLACK ball point pen. Please

More information

The Legal Status of Wild Animals in European Circuses

The Legal Status of Wild Animals in European Circuses The Legal Status of Wild Animals in European Circuses Seeking a common legislative approach Liz Tyson LLB (Hons) AFOCAE PhD Candidate University of Essex (School of Law) Overview of current situation Use

More information

Ad-Hoc Query on residence permits cards and stickers. Requested by SE EMN NCP on 9 th April Compilation produced on 2 nd June 2014

Ad-Hoc Query on residence permits cards and stickers. Requested by SE EMN NCP on 9 th April Compilation produced on 2 nd June 2014 Ad-Hoc Query on residence permits cards and stickers Requested by SE EMN NCP on 9 th April 2014 Compilation produced on 2 nd June 2014 Responses from Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia,

More information

EBA Report. High Earners and 2011 data. High Earners

EBA Report. High Earners and 2011 data. High Earners EBA Report High Earners 2010 and 2011 data High Earners 2010 and 2011 data Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Template 4 3 2010 data 5 4 2011 data 15 2 Introduction Directive 2010/76/EC (CRDIII) introduced the

More information

HIV/AIDS mortality in Europe Monitoring mortality among injecting drug users?

HIV/AIDS mortality in Europe Monitoring mortality among injecting drug users? European joint DRD/DRID expert meeting Lisbon, 16-18 October 2013 HIV/AIDS mortality in Europe Monitoring mortality among injecting drug users? Isabelle Giraudon, Lucas Wiessing, João Matias, Julian Vicente,

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION *

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 15 July 2016 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * Passenger car registrations: +9.4% in first semester; +6.9% in In 2016, the European passenger car market

More information

Finnish foreign trade 2014 Figures and diagrams. 27.2.2015 FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1

Finnish foreign trade 2014 Figures and diagrams. 27.2.2015 FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1 Finnish foreign trade 214 Figures and diagrams 27.2.215 FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1 IMPORTS, EXPORTS AND TRADE BALANCE 199-214 7 billion e 6 5 4 3 2 1-1 9 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

More information

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 17.9.2014 C(2014) 6767 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION Updating of data used to calculate lump sum and penalty payments to be proposed by the Commission to the Court

More information

Funding and network opportunities for cluster internationalization

Funding and network opportunities for cluster internationalization BSR Innovation Express: Cluster- to- Cluster Conference Funding and network opportunities for cluster internationalization Jens Peter Vittrup Special Adviser Email: jpv@ai.dk Why international R&I cooperation?

More information

Cogeneration in Europe

Cogeneration in Europe Cogeneration in Europe A brief analysis of the latest Eurostat data (reference year: 213) Brussels, 2 October 215 The European Commission published on 29 June 215 the EU-28 CHP statistics for the year

More information

TRAVELLING OUSIDE THE UK (International students)

TRAVELLING OUSIDE THE UK (International students) TRAVELLING OUSIDE THE UK (International students) This information is aimed at international students considering trips abroad during a stay in the UK. It is recommended you start planning any travel in

More information

Electricity, Gas and Water: The European Market Report 2014

Electricity, Gas and Water: The European Market Report 2014 Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/2876228/ Electricity, Gas and Water: The European Market Report 2014 Description: The combined European annual demand for electricity,

More information

GfK PURCHASING POWER INTERNATIONAL

GfK PURCHASING POWER INTERNATIONAL GfK PURCHASING POWER INTERNATIONAL 1 Agenda 1. Europe 3 2. Americas 45 3. Asia & Near East 54 4. Afrika 66 5. Australia 68 6. Overview of countries and available levels 70 2 2 EUROPE 4 GfK

More information

Comprehensive emissions per capita for industrialised countries

Comprehensive emissions per capita for industrialised countries THE AUSTRALIA INSTITUTE Comprehensive emissions per capita for industrialised countries Hal Turton and Clive Hamilton The Australia Institute September 2001 the Parties included in Annex I shall implement

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION *

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 14 October 2016 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * Passenger car registrations: +8.0% over nine months; +7.2% in In 2016, passenger car registrations

More information

Six greenhouse gases covered by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol are:

Six greenhouse gases covered by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol are: Fact sheet: The need for mitigation United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Along with adaptation, mitigation is one of the two central approaches in the international climate change process.

More information

EU Lesson Plan. Name of Teacher: Sharon Goralewski School: Oakland Schools Title of Lesson Plan: The European Union: United in Diversity

EU Lesson Plan. Name of Teacher: Sharon Goralewski School: Oakland Schools Title of Lesson Plan: The European Union: United in Diversity EU Lesson Plan Name of Teacher: School: Oakland Schools Title of Lesson Plan: The European Union: United in Diversity Grades: 6th or 7 th Description: This lesson introduces the students to the countries

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION *

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 15 April 2016 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * Passenger car registrations: +8.2% first quarter of 2016; +6.0% in In 2016, the EU passenger car market

More information

Alcohol Consumption in Ireland 1986-2006 A Report for the Health Service Executive

Alcohol Consumption in Ireland 1986-2006 A Report for the Health Service Executive Alcohol Consumption in Ireland 1986-2006 A Report for the Health Service Executive Prepared by Dr. Ann Hope This report should be referenced: Hope, A. (2007). Alcohol consumption in Ireland 1986-2006.

More information

European Tourism Indicator System ETIS. For the Sustainable Management of Destinations

European Tourism Indicator System ETIS. For the Sustainable Management of Destinations European Tourism Indicator System ETIS For the Sustainable Management of Destinations Why "indicators'' for sustainable management of tourist destinations"? The European Commission has developed a European

More information

Wind Power in Germany in 2014

Wind Power in Germany in 2014 Renewables International www.renewablesinternational.net Wind Power in Germany in 2014 Bernard CHABOT BCCONSULT, Garbejaire B107, 06560 VALBONNE, France Email: Bernard_Chabot@yahoo.fr Content Scope, main

More information

Pure Power. Wind energy targets for 2020 and 2030

Pure Power. Wind energy targets for 2020 and 2030 Pure Power Wind energy targets for 2020 and 2030 A report by the European Wind Energy Association - 2011 Pure Power Wind energy targets for 2020 and 2030 A report by the European Wind Energy Association

More information

Road deaths in capital cities per 100,000 resident capitals' population / Year. Capital city. Embargoed until Wed. 8 October, 00.

Road deaths in capital cities per 100,000 resident capitals' population / Year. Capital city. Embargoed until Wed. 8 October, 00. Embargoed until Wed. 8 October, 00.01am Table 1. Road deaths in capital cities per 100,000 resident capitals' population and their average yearly percentage change over the period 1997-2007 (PIN Flash

More information

OVERVIEW OF PURCHASE AND TAX INCENTIVES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN THE EU

OVERVIEW OF PURCHASE AND TAX INCENTIVES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN THE EU 01.04.2014 OVERVIEW OF PURCHASE AND TAX INCENTIVES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN THE EU This table provides an overview of the incentives that are granted in the Member States of the European Union for the

More information

Trends in the European Investment Fund Industry. in the First Quarter of 2016

Trends in the European Investment Fund Industry. in the First Quarter of 2016 Quarterly Statistical Release May 2016, N 65 This release and other statistical releases are available on Efama s website (www.efama.org) Trends in the European Investment Fund Industry in the First Quarter

More information

EU JAPAN SUMMIT A EU27 EXTERNAL TRADE DEFICIT OF 32 BILLION EURO WITH JAPAN IN 2006 *

EU JAPAN SUMMIT A EU27 EXTERNAL TRADE DEFICIT OF 32 BILLION EURO WITH JAPAN IN 2006 * EU JAPAN SUMMIT A EU27 EXTERNAL TRADE DEFICIT OF 32 BILLION EURO WITH JAPAN IN 2006 * SURPLUS OF 8 BN EURO FOR TRADE IN SERVICES Between 2000 and 2006, EU27 exports of goods to Japan fell slightly in value,

More information

Keeping European Consumers safe Rapid Alert System for dangerous non-food products 2014

Keeping European Consumers safe Rapid Alert System for dangerous non-food products 2014 Keeping European Consumers safe Rapid Alert System for dangerous non-food products 2014 COMPLETE STATISTICS Justice and Consumers Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers Directorate Consumers Unit

More information

EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: climate change and energy

EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: climate change and energy EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: climate change and energy Energy and climate change polices yield many macroeconomic benefits and contribute to smart and sustainable ( green ) growth 1. By increasing energy efficiency,

More information

SMEs access to finance survey 2014

SMEs access to finance survey 2014 EUROPEAN COMMISSION MEMO Brussels, 12 November 2014 SMEs access to finance survey 2014 This memo outlines the results of a survey undertaken by the European Commission to provide policy makers with evidence

More information

Total Domestic Factoring FCI 594, , , , , , , %

Total Domestic Factoring FCI 594, , , , , , , % Accumulative Turnover Figures for All FCI Members Compared to Worldwide Factoring Turnover (in Millions of EUR and USD) EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR INCREASE 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2011/2012

More information

Wind in power 2012 European statistics. February The European Wind energy association

Wind in power 2012 European statistics. February The European Wind energy association Wind in power 2012 European statistics February 2013 The European Wind energy association 1 WIND IN POWER: 2012 EUROPEAN STATISTICS Contents Executive summary... 3 2012 annual installations... 5 Wind power

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION *

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 13 May 2016 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * Passenger car registrations: +8.5% over four months; +9.1% in In 2016, the EU passenger car market posted

More information

The European Patent Office

The European Patent Office The An introduction to the EPO and the European patent system Heidrun Krestel Administrator Events, training, publications June 2016 Contents Basics About us Granting and publishing patents The unitary

More information

SUBMISSION BY LATVIA AND THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION ON BEHALF OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS MEMBER STATES

SUBMISSION BY LATVIA AND THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION ON BEHALF OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS MEMBER STATES SUBMISSION BY LATVIA AND THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION ON BEHALF OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS MEMBER STATES Riga, 6 March 2015 Subject: Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of the EU and its Member States

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION *

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (7.00 AM GMT), 16 February 2016 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * Passenger car registrations: +6.2% in In 2016, the EU passenger car market started the year positively,

More information

Fast Growing Aspens as a Promising Bioenergy Source in the North European Context

Fast Growing Aspens as a Promising Bioenergy Source in the North European Context Fast Growing Aspens as a Promising Bioenergy Source in the North European Context presentation at Nordic Baltic Bioenergy 2013 Conference, Oslo, Norway 21 May, 2013, EU renewable energy targets will require

More information

BENCHMARKING OF APPROVED HIGHER RATIOS 2014 DATA

BENCHMARKING OF APPROVED HIGHER RATIOS 2014 DATA BENCHMARKING OF APPROVED HIGHER RATIOS 2014 DATA Benchmarking of approved higher ratios Benchmarking of approved higher ratios under Article 94(1)(g)(ii) of Directive 2013/36/EU 3 Introduction and legal

More information

Winners & Losers by Market - March 2016 vs March 2015

Winners & Losers by Market - March 2016 vs March 2015 Countries March 16/15 % Chg CYPRUS +37,1 ICELAND +36,9 PORTUGAL +31,8 LITHUANIA +28,8 LATVIA +25,5 ROMANIA +23,1 HUNGARY +19,3 CROATIA +18,0 ITALY +17,4 POLAND +16,7 SLOVAKIA +16,4 IRELAND +13,7 SWEDEN

More information

13 th Economic Trends Survey of the Architects Council of Europe

13 th Economic Trends Survey of the Architects Council of Europe 13 th Economic Trends Survey 13 th Economic Trends Survey of the Architects Council of Europe 13 th Economic Trends Survey Breakdown of responses COUNTRY ANSWERS France 1464 Belgium 399 Spain 365 Italy

More information

The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 28 2015

The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 28 2015 The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 28 2015 James Rogers Cécile Philippe Institut Économique Molinari, Paris Bruxelles TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract 2 Background 2 Main Results 3 On average, a respite

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION *

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 16 June 2016 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * Passenger car registrations: +9.9% over five months; +16.0% in In 2016, the European passenger car market

More information

Appendix 1: Full Country Rankings

Appendix 1: Full Country Rankings Appendix 1: Full Country Rankings Below please find the complete rankings of all 75 markets considered in the analysis. Rankings are broken into overall rankings and subsector rankings. Overall Renewable

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION *

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (7.00 AM GMT), 15 January 2016 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * Passenger car registrations: +9.3% in 2015; +16.6% in In 2015, the EU passenger car market posted

More information

Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2015: Different Developments

Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2015: Different Developments January 20, 2015 ShadEcEurope31_January2015.doc Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2015: Different Developments by Friedrich Schneider *)

More information

PF3.2: Enrolment in childcare and pre-schools

PF3.2: Enrolment in childcare and pre-schools Definitions and methodology PF3.2: Enrolment in childcare and pre-schools The organisation of childcare provision differs greatly from country to country (see PF4.1). The enrolment rates presented here

More information

Potential for Renewable Energies in Italy and Europe a comparison.

Potential for Renewable Energies in Italy and Europe a comparison. Stephan Franz Potential for Renewable Energies in Italy and Europe a comparison. April 21, 2010 Hannover 1 Outline. 1. Introduction: About the German Energy Agency (dena). 2. The Italian Renewable Energy

More information

This is a pie chart about energy sources in the U.K. in Examine it.

This is a pie chart about energy sources in the U.K. in Examine it. Attenzione: gli allievi hanno risposto usando il colore verde. Autori: Lidia, Emma, Filippo, Emanuele. 1. Pie chart reading This is a pie chart about energy sources in the U.K. in 2005. Examine it. 1.

More information

Gender and science education Good news, bad news and surprising news Results and perspectives from recent research

Gender and science education Good news, bad news and surprising news Results and perspectives from recent research Gender and science education Good news, bad news and surprising news Results and perspectives from recent research Prague 15. May 2009 Svein Sjøberg and Camilla Schreiner University of Oslo, Norway Based

More information

EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Research, development and innovation are key policy components of the EU strategy for economic growth: Europe 2020. By fostering market take-up of new, innovative

More information

Introduction. The Price Comparison Project

Introduction. The Price Comparison Project Price Research, Price Differences in Europe Products of H&M, Zara, C&A and Body Shop May 2009 Executed by the European Consumer Centres Network (ECC-Net) Introduction The European Consumer Centre Network

More information

Recent trends in world CO 2 emissions from fuel combustion

Recent trends in world CO 2 emissions from fuel combustion Recent trends in world CO 2 emissions from fuel combustion The importance of energy emissions Among the many human activities that produce greenhouse gases (GHGs), the energy sector represents nearly two-thirds

More information

Wind energy scenarios for 2020. A report by the European Wind Energy Association - July 2014. Wind energy scenarios for 2020

Wind energy scenarios for 2020. A report by the European Wind Energy Association - July 2014. Wind energy scenarios for 2020 A report by the European Wind Energy Association - July 2014 1 WIND ENERGY SCENARIOS FOR 2020 Content Background...3 Reasons for the new scenarios...3 Proposed new scenarios...3 Text and analysis: Jacopo

More information