Understanding Your Carbon Footprint - Quantifying Your Carbon Emissions

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Understanding Your Carbon Footprint - Quantifying Your Carbon Emissions"

Transcription

1 Understanding Your Carbon Footprint - Quantifying Your Carbon Emissions September 14, 2010 Geoffrey A. Glanders, LPG

2 Presentation Overview Define Carbon Emissions/Greenhouse Gases Identify Key Issues Associated with Carbon Inventories Present A Case Study of a Carbon Inventory of an Industrial Facility Identify Key Issues Associated with New Carbon Reporting Regulation Present A Case Study Determining Applicability of the New Carbon Reporting Rule

3 What are Greenhouse Gases (GHG)? IPCC defines Greenhouse Gases as: Gaseous constituents of the atmosphere, both natural and anthropogenic, that absorb and emit radiation at specific wavelengths within the spectrum of thermal infrared radiation emitted by the Earth s surface, the atmosphere itself, and by clouds. The EPA definition of Greenhouse Gases is much simpler: Gases that trap heat in the atmosphere Four Main Types of Greenhouse Gases CO 2, CH 4, N 2 O and Fluorinated Gases

4 Global Warming Potential (GWP) Gases trap radiation at much different efficiencies The ability to trap radiation of each of these gases is referenced back to carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is the least efficient, has the shortest atmospheric lifetime, yet is emitted in the largest quantities CH 4 has a GWP of 21 times CO 2 N 2 O has a GWP of 310 times CO 2

5 Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories

6 Who May Wish to Conduct Inventories? Businesses Municipalities Other government agencies Industrial facilities Homeowners Commercial buildings Retail chains

7 Why Conduct Inventories? Current or Pending Regulations Quantify Carbon Risk Business Strategic Planning Sustainability Commitments

8 How to Conduct a GHG Emissions Inventory Establish inventory boundaries (select which gases and from which sources to quantify using baseline information) Identify GHG emission sources Choose GHG emissions calculation approach Accumulate activity data and select emission factors Apply calculation tools Compile and report emissions data

9 GHG Emission Inventory Case Study Portland cement plant annual production 750,000 tons clinker per year Direct point source emissions Cement kiln(s) Fuel oil (No. 2) fired boiler (100 MMBtu/hr)

10 GHG Emission Inventory Boundaries Includes: All point source emissions as part of production process Mobile sources on site Indirect emissions from building electricity usage Does not include: Emissions from vehicles traveling beyond property boundaries

11 GHG Emission Inventory Emissions Calculations Portland cement kilns 750,000 tons/yr clinker x tons CO 2 /ton clinker = 380,325 tons CO2/yr Note: CO 2 emissions are a function of lime content of the clinker. This EF assumes the fraction of lime in the clinker is If lime content is different from 0.646, the EF can be converted as follows: emission factor (tons CO 2 /ton clinker) = x (fraction of lime) / Emission factors for clinker production are from the revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Workbook. See:

12 GHG Emission Inventory Emissions Calculations Electricity, natural gas and fuel oil usage 5,000,000 KWhr/yr x MT CO 2 e/kwhr = 3,363 MT CO 2 e/yr 750,000 therm/yr x MT CO 2 e/therm = MT CO 2 e/yr 300,000 gal/yr x MT CO 2 e/gal = 3,072 MT CO 2 e/yr Note: Electricity emission factors from Energy Information Administration at Natural gas and fuel oil emission factors from 40 CFR 98

13 GHG Emission Inventory Case Study Compute as CO 2 equivalents using the conversions shown in the table GHG GW Potential CO 2 1 CH 4 21 N 2 O 310 SF 6 22,200 PFCs 4,800-9,200 HFCs 12-12,000

14 GHG Emission Inventory Case Study GHG Contribution by Source

15 GHG Emission Inventory Case Study Action Items Create internal emission reductions team Production Engineering Facilities Health safety and environmental Marketing Set a reduction target

16 GHG Emission Inventory Case Study Production emissions are the key Clinker production (fuel and raw materials) Fuel modifications (need to be permitted) Supplemental and alternative fuels Carbon neutral biomass (wood, saw dust, etc.) Nylon fiber Sewage sludge

17 GHG Emission Inventory Case Study Considerations Resulting From the Inventory Convert From Fuel Oil to Natural Gas Boiler 100 MMBtu/hr Boiler (40 CFR 98 Emission Factors) 7.42 MT CO2e for No. 2 Fuel Oil 5.31 MT CO2e for Natural Gas Increased Energy Efficiencies for all Systems Optimize heat recovery Clinker cooler upgrades Increased maintenance Raw Material Alternatives (Need to Be Permitted) Slag Fly ash (Geopolymers) Silica fumes Gypsum

18 GHG Emission Inventory Case Study Purchase Carbon Offsets Chicago Climate Exchange European Climate Exchange Carbon Sequestration Agricultural sinks Biomass energy It should be noted that all of these recommendations will improve sustainability equally as much as reducing GHG and most will reduce costs as well

19 Current EPA Reporting Requirements EPA issued the Final Rule for Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) on September 22, 2009 EPA anticipates the rule will capture GHG emissions from large emitters responsible for approximately 85 percent of the GHG emission in the U.S. This rule will apply to approximately 10,000 facilities

20 Who Does the Rule Affect? Fossil fuel and industrial GHG suppliers Motor vehicle and engine manufacturers Any facility and supplier emitting 25,000 metric tons or more of CO 2 equivalent per year Facilities will need to perform the calculation if they have stationary fuel combustion equipment with an aggregate maximum rated heat input capacity greater than or equal to 30 mm BTU/hr

21 Exemptions to the Rule Most small business should be below the 25k metric ton threshold Agricultural sector except manure management systems exceeding 25k metric ton threshold Research and development Activities Manufacturers of vehicles and engines outside of the light-duty sector will begin reporting for the 2011 model year

22 Source & Supply Categories Not Included in the Rule Electronics manufacturing Ethanol production Fluorinated GHG production Food processing Industrial landfills Magnesium production Oil and natural gas systems SF 6 from electrical equipment Underground coal mines Wastewater treatment Suppliers of coals

23 Requirements of the Rule Start collecting and tracking data on January 1 Implement monitoring methods to calculate GHG emissions no later than March 2010 Submit annual report by March 31, 2011 Develop a written GHG monitoring plan Conduct certification and Quality Assurance tests of the monitoring systems Retain all applicable records for 3 years

24 Required Information to Report Annual GHG report must include the following information: Facility or supplier name and address Year and months covered by the report Description of any best available monitoring method used for 2010 Missing data procedures, including data elements and total hours in the year, used to fill gaps in monitoring data

25 Required Information to Report Facilities that directly emit GHGs: Annual facility emissions in metric tons CO 2 e aggregated for all source categories Annual emissions for each source category located at the facility in metric tons of each GHG Additional information, such as unit or process level emissions, activity data or QA/QC data specified in an applicable subpart.

26 Required Information to Report Suppliers: Annual quantity of GHGs supplied, aggregated for all GHGs from all applicable supplier categories and expressed in metric tons of CO 2 e Annual quantity of each GHG supplied from each supplier category, expressed in metric tons of each GHG Additional information specified in each applicable subpart, such as data used to calculate GHG quantities or support QA/QC

27 Next Steps Determine the rule s applicability to your facility Conduct a comprehensive GHG Emission Inventory Implement a GHG Tracking Program on or before January 1, 2010 Document the GHG monitoring plan Maintain records of all applicable information Consider reducing GHG emissions to eliminate your facility s reporting requirements Submit an annual GHG Report to the EPA on or before March 31, 2011

28 Case Study Client Secondary Aluminum smelter (mill) and provides finish and painted coils. Facility produces 3000 series alloy. Raw material used to produce the 3000 series alloy is 100 percent scrap-based.

29 Case Study: Methodology As required by 40 CFR 98, three applicability scenarios must be considered to identify sources required to maintain records of GHG emissions for the EPA. Facility is not one of the primary regulated source categories listed in Per 40 CFR 98.2(a)(1). Facility is not one of the secondary regulated source categories listed in Per 40 CFR 98.2(a)(2). Facility is subject to the general reporting threshold per 40 CFR 98.2(a)(3) and must quantify certain emissions.

30 Case Study: Methodology If a facility has a total combined maximum rated heat input capacity of 30 million British thermal units per hour (mmbtu/hr) or more from all stationary combustion units on site, then calculations must be performed to determine GHG emissions for the facility. Determine maximum rated heat capacity from stationary sources.

31 Case Study Emission Unit Name Emission Unit ID Maximum Rated Heat Input Unit of Measure Capacity Boiler #1 Boiler # mmbtu/hr Boiler #2 Boiler # mmbtu/hr Annealing Furnace #1 Annealing Furnace #1 9 mmbtu/hr Annealing Furnace #2 Annealing Furnace #2 16 mmbtu/hr Annealing Furnace #3 Annealing Furnace #3 16 mmbtu/hr Annealing Furnace #4 Annealing Furnace # mmbtu/hr Annealing Furnace #5 Annealing Furnace # mmbtu/hr Aluminum Reverberatory Furnace Furnace #2 20 mmbtu/hr #2 Aluminum Reverberatory Furnace Furnace #6 20 mmbtu/hr #6 Holding Furnace Holding Furnace #1 10 mmbtu/hr Aluminum Dross-Only Furnace #7 Furnace #7 6.0 mmbtu/hr Dross-Only Rotary Furnace #8 Rotary Furnace #8 7.5 mmbtu/hr Plant-wide Heating Activities Insignificant Activities 14 mmbtu/hr TOTAL mmbtu/hr

32 Case Study: Applicability Client has a total maximum rated heat input capacity of mmbtu/hr site wide; therefore, emission calculations are required to determine applicability. Based upon fuel usage determine which GHG are emitted. After determination calculate CO 2 e.

33 Case Study: GHG Emission Year Emissions - Metric Tons CO 2 Equivalent - Metric Tons CO 2 CH 4 N 2 O CO 2 CH 4 N 2 O Total , , , , , , , , ,208.48

34 Case Study: Comparison to Regulatory Threshold Year Reporting Threshold (metric tons CO 2 e) Actual CO 2 e Emitted (metric tons CO 2 e) Percent of Threshold ,000 7, % ,000 20, % ,000 20, %

35 Summary Many Good Reasons to Measure Carbon Footprint Setting Boundary Conditions are the Key Part of Carbon Emission Inventories Must Consider all Aspects (Production, Permitting, Product Quality, Etc.) When Setting Goals for GHG Reductions New Reporting Regulation is in Effect NOW with 2011 Reporting Deadline

36 Questions? Geoffrey A. Glanders President and Principal Hydrogeologist

US EPA Proposed Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule

US EPA Proposed Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule US EPA Proposed Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule Outline 1. Overview 2. The Basics 3. Affected Source Types 4. Applicability Examples 5. How are the GHG Emissions Calculated? 6. Comments and Issues

More information

Methane Emissions and Colorado Coal Mines

Methane Emissions and Colorado Coal Mines Colorado PUC E-Filings System Methane Emissions and Colorado Coal Mines Will Allison, Director Air Pollution Control Division 7/6/2012 Colorado PUC, CIM, 7/9/2013 1 GHG GWP and CO2e Global Warming Potential

More information

equivalents (CO2e) emitted by a person or business. Usually expressed in the number of CO2e tons emitted per unit of time (per year) or

equivalents (CO2e) emitted by a person or business. Usually expressed in the number of CO2e tons emitted per unit of time (per year) or Greenhouse Gas Reporting and Carbon Footprints Douglas A. McWilliams Squire, Sanders & Dempsey L.L.P. January ar 11, 2010 What is a carbon footprint? An estimate of the amount of carbon dioxide equivalents

More information

Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program Petroleum and Natural Gas Systems

Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program Petroleum and Natural Gas Systems Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program Petroleum and Natural Gas Systems U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Atmospheric Programs, Climate Change Division National Oil and Gas Committee Conference

More information

B Resource Guide: Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions

B Resource Guide: Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions What s in this Guide: I. Definition: What are Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions? II. Why Calculate GHGs? III. How to Calculate your Company s GHGs IV. Outsourcing your GHG assessment V. What are the next

More information

Quick Start Guide for ICFPA/NCASI Spreadsheets for Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Pulp and Paper Manufacturing

Quick Start Guide for ICFPA/NCASI Spreadsheets for Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Quick Start Guide for ICFPA/NCASI Spreadsheets for Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Workbook Version 2.1, for the USDOE 1605(b) Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases

More information

Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging

Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging Congratulations on your recent purchase of clean energy from Renewable Choice! Whether you ve purchased green power in the form of renewable

More information

Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions GIIRS Emerging Market Assessment Resource Guide: What s in this Guide? I. Definition: What Are Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions? II. Why Calculate GHGs? III. How to Calculate Company-wide GHGs IV. Outsourcing

More information

Methane Analysis Overview. Discussion Paper

Methane Analysis Overview. Discussion Paper METHANE TO MARKETS PARTNERSHIP 4THANNUAL STEERING COMMITTEE MEETING Beijing, China M2M4/Doc. 4 November 2007 1. Purpose Methane Analysis Overview Discussion Paper The purpose of this document is to provide

More information

Managing Through Measurement: An Overview of Greenhouse Gas Accounting

Managing Through Measurement: An Overview of Greenhouse Gas Accounting Managing Through Measurement: An Overview of Greenhouse Gas Accounting June 9, 2010 Hosted by The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority The Climate Registry A non-profit organization

More information

Climate change & the Role of Forests to Climate Change. Yemiru Tesfaye (PhD) SESA Task Force Member

Climate change & the Role of Forests to Climate Change. Yemiru Tesfaye (PhD) SESA Task Force Member Climate change & the Role of Forests to Climate Change Yemiru Tesfaye (PhD) SESA Task Force Member Climate change & the Role of Forests to Climate Change What are the signs that climate change is occurring?

More information

Northeastern University Greenhouse Gas Inventory (2010)

Northeastern University Greenhouse Gas Inventory (2010) Northeastern University Greenhouse Gas Inventory (2010) October 29, 2013 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In accordance with American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment, the following report documents

More information

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Greenhouse Gas Emissions 12 12 Greenhouse gases (GHG) are naturally occurring gases in the earth s atmosphere that absorb and radiate infrared radiation (heat) reflected from the earth s surface. The most

More information

Greenhouse Gas Emission and Environmental Reporting for Transport

Greenhouse Gas Emission and Environmental Reporting for Transport . Introduction This briefing note provides information on the Government requirements for mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting for quoted companies and its recommendations for voluntary GHG reporting

More information

The UK cement industry aims to reduce greenhouse gases by 81% by 2050

The UK cement industry aims to reduce greenhouse gases by 81% by 2050 The UK cement industry aims to reduce greenhouse gases by 81% by 2050 The UK is the first country in the world to legally commit to greenhouse gas reduction targets as far ahead as 2050. The target set

More information

Corporate GHG accounting

Corporate GHG accounting Corporate GHG accounting Anastassia Manuilova Research Scientist Sustainable Saskatchewan March 3 rd, 2010 Agenda Introduction Climate change Corporate GHG accounting Main principles Programs, standards

More information

Methodological guidelines for greenhouse gas emissions monitoring in organizations of the Russian Federation

Methodological guidelines for greenhouse gas emissions monitoring in organizations of the Russian Federation National Carbon Sequestration Foundation Methodological guidelines for greenhouse gas emissions monitoring in organizations of the Russian Federation Kazakov Roman Head of department, PhD 28-29 July, 2015

More information

Imperial County Air Pollution Control District Rule RULE BOILERS, PROCESS HEATERS AND STEAM GENERATORS (Adopted 02/23/2010)

Imperial County Air Pollution Control District Rule RULE BOILERS, PROCESS HEATERS AND STEAM GENERATORS (Adopted 02/23/2010) RULE 400.2 BOILERS, PROCESS HEATERS AND STEAM GENERATORS (Adopted 02/23/2010) A. Applicability A.1 This rule limits emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) from Boilers, Process Heaters, or Steam Generators.

More information

ClimatE leaders GrEENHOUsE Gas inventory PrOtOCOl COrE module GUidaNCE

ClimatE leaders GrEENHOUsE Gas inventory PrOtOCOl COrE module GUidaNCE United States Environmental Protection Agency may 2008 EPa430-r-08-006 www.epa.gov/climateleaders Office of air and radiation ClimatE leaders GrEENHOUsE Gas inventory PrOtOCOl COrE module GUidaNCE Optional

More information

Smart Facilities Management with Oracle Applications. Statement of Direction August 2011

Smart Facilities Management with Oracle Applications. Statement of Direction August 2011 Smart Facilities Management with Oracle Applications Statement of Direction August 2011 Smart Facilities Management with Oracle Applications Introduction... 3 Basics of Carbon Accounting... 4 Carbon Accounting

More information

Technical Support Document for the Soda Ash Manufacturing Sector: Proposed Rule for Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases

Technical Support Document for the Soda Ash Manufacturing Sector: Proposed Rule for Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Technical Support Document for the Soda Ash Manufacturing Sector: Proposed Rule for Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Office of Air and Radiation U.S. Environmental Protection Agency January 22,

More information

February 26, Greenhouse Gas Accounting

February 26, Greenhouse Gas Accounting February 26, 2010 Greenhouse Gas Accounting Greenhouse Gas Accounting Terminology Activity Data: Data on the magnitude of a human activity resulting in emissions or removals taking place during a given

More information

Methane and the Natural Gas Sector: Emissions, Mitigation Opportunities, Programs and Policies

Methane and the Natural Gas Sector: Emissions, Mitigation Opportunities, Programs and Policies Methane and the Natural Gas Sector: Emissions, Mitigation Opportunities, Programs and Policies Paul Gunning Director, Climate Change Division U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Presentation for: EPRI

More information

Quantifying and Managing Supply Chain Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Quantifying and Managing Supply Chain Greenhouse Gas Emissions Quantifying and Managing Supply Chain Greenhouse Gas Emissions Michael Chen and Olivia Johnson Introduction January 2011 Analysis of greenhouse gas emissions at the global level, and at the level of key

More information

City of New Rochelle. New Rochelle s Greenhouse Gas Inventory

City of New Rochelle. New Rochelle s Greenhouse Gas Inventory A City of New Rochelle April 2010 New Rochelle s Greenhouse Gas Inventory Methodology The year 2005 was chosen as the baseline year for New Rochelle s Greenhouse Gas Baseline Inventory. New Rochelle s

More information

Background Information on Implementing the Greenhouse Gas Tailoring Rule in Minnesota: Exempt Rulemaking

Background Information on Implementing the Greenhouse Gas Tailoring Rule in Minnesota: Exempt Rulemaking Background Information on Implementing the Greenhouse Gas Tailoring Rule in Minnesota: Exempt Rulemaking The purposes of this document are: To provide information about new regulations governing greenhouse

More information

Scope 1 describes direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources that are owned by or under the direct control of the reporting entity;

Scope 1 describes direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources that are owned by or under the direct control of the reporting entity; 9 Greenhouse Gas Assessment 9.1 Introduction This chapter presents an assessment of the potential greenhouse gas emissions associated with the Simandou Railway and evaluates the significance of these in

More information

PollutionWatch Fact Sheet National Greenhouse Gas Pollution Highlights

PollutionWatch Fact Sheet National Greenhouse Gas Pollution Highlights PollutionWatch Fact Sheet National Greenhouse Gas Pollution Highlights Greenhouse Gas data for Canadian facilities available now on www.pollutionwatch.org New Rankings: Facilities across Canada emitting

More information

Project Idea Note (PIN)

Project Idea Note (PIN) (PIN) Description of size and quality expected of a PIN Basically a PIN will consist of approximately 5-10 pages providing indicative information on: A. Project participants B. Project description, type,

More information

The California GHG Emissions Reporting Tool

The California GHG Emissions Reporting Tool 12/01/2010 11:48:54 Facility Information: Chevron Products Company - Richmond Refinery, 94802 Facility Name Chevron Products Company - Richmond Refinery, 94802 ARB ID 101384 Primary Sector Secondary Sectors

More information

Everything you always wanted to know about Waste-to-Energy

Everything you always wanted to know about Waste-to-Energy Everything you always wanted to know about Waste-to-Energy Contents 4 What is Waste-to-Energy? 6 How does it work? 8 Waste-to-Energy is clean. How does it compare to other sectors? 9 Myths versus Reality

More information

Ministry of Environment Victoria, B.C. August 2011 Version 1.0

Ministry of Environment Victoria, B.C. August 2011 Version 1.0 BRITISH COLUMBIA REPORTING REGULATION GUIDANCE DOCUMENT Victoria, B.C. August 2011 Version 1.0 This page intentionally left blank Page ii British Columbia Reporting Regulation Guidance Document Table of

More information

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Trouble Brewing or a Golden Opportunity? Texas Association of Clean Water Agencies April 3, 2009

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Trouble Brewing or a Golden Opportunity? Texas Association of Clean Water Agencies April 3, 2009 Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Trouble Brewing or a Golden Opportunity? Texas Association of Clean Water Agencies April 3, 2009 Agenda 1. Climate change and greenhouse gas emissions a. What it s all about b.

More information

USA - California Cap-and-Trade Program

USA - California Cap-and-Trade Program 1 5 International Carbon Action Partnership USA - California Cap-and-Trade Program General Information Summary Status: ETS in force Jurisdictions: California Initiated in 2012, the Californian cap-and-trade

More information

2013 Campus Greenhouse Gas Inventory

2013 Campus Greenhouse Gas Inventory 2013 Campus Greenhouse Gas Inventory gogreen.etsu.edu Compiled by David McGuinn, S.T.A.R.S. Intern Department of Sustainability East Tennessee State University 1 Introduction ETSU will create a university

More information

Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report

Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report Fairfax County Public Schools Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report For Calendar Year 2013 Fairfax County Public Schools Office of Facilities Management 5025 Sideburn Road Fairfax, Virginia 22032 This report

More information

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Case Study of Development of Data Collection Tool and Calculation of Emissions

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Case Study of Development of Data Collection Tool and Calculation of Emissions Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Case Study of Development of Data Collection Tool and Calculation of Emissions Gaurav Shil Trinity Consultants, 3940 Olympic Boulevard, Suite 400, Erlanger, KY 41018 gshil@trinityconsultants.com

More information

Measuring Your University s Carbon Footprint. Leslie Chinery University of Tennessee

Measuring Your University s Carbon Footprint. Leslie Chinery University of Tennessee Measuring Your University s Carbon Footprint Leslie Chinery University of Tennessee What Is a Carbon Footprint? Carbon dioxide and other GHG emissions for which institution is directly responsible Carbon

More information

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Accounting for Wastewater Treatment and Biosolids Management

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Accounting for Wastewater Treatment and Biosolids Management Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Accounting for Wastewater Treatment and Biosolids Management Presented by and NJ Water Environment Association March 4, 2010 Eatontown, New Jersey Photo: BioCycle Background Implications

More information

RULE 414, WATER HEATERS, BOILERS AND PROCESS HEATERS RATED LESS THAN 1,000,000 BTU PER HOUR Adopted 08-01-96 (Amended 03-25-10) INDEX

RULE 414, WATER HEATERS, BOILERS AND PROCESS HEATERS RATED LESS THAN 1,000,000 BTU PER HOUR Adopted 08-01-96 (Amended 03-25-10) INDEX RULE 414, WATER HEATERS, BOILERS AND PROCESS HEATERS RATED LESS THAN 1,000,000 BTU PER HOUR Adopted 08-01-96 (Amended 03-25-10) INDEX 100 GENERAL 101 PURPOSE 102 APPLICABILITY 110 EXEMPTION, WATER HEATERS

More information

Embodied CO 2 e of UK cement, additions and cementitious material

Embodied CO 2 e of UK cement, additions and cementitious material Fact Sheet 18 Embodied CO 2 e of UK cement, additions and cementitious material 1 Introduction The information in this fact sheet is aimed at providing lifecycle 1 to inform carbon footprinting in the

More information

Greenhouse Gas Inventory 2006-2008 Valencia Community College May 7 th 2010

Greenhouse Gas Inventory 2006-2008 Valencia Community College May 7 th 2010 Greenhouse Gas Inventory 2006-2008 Valencia Community College May 7 th 2010 Prepared by: 1 Principal Authors: EcoAsset Solutions, LLC David A. Palange Angela C. Gilbert Contributing Authors: EcoAsset Solutions,

More information

Technical Note: Glossary of terms

Technical Note: Glossary of terms Technical Note: Glossary of terms This glossary defines terms that may be unfamiliar to those responding to the Carbon Disclosure Project for the first time. Definitions have been sourced from the GHG

More information

Guidelines to Account for and Report on. or Institutional Purposes) in Hong Kong. 2010 Edition

Guidelines to Account for and Report on. or Institutional Purposes) in Hong Kong. 2010 Edition Guidelines to Account for and Report on Guidelines Greenhouse togas Account Emissions for and Report Removals on Greenhouse for Buildings Gas (Commercial, Emissions and Residential Removals for orinstitutional

More information

Annual Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report,

Annual Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report, Annual Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report, 2013-14 1.0 Introduction and Approach This report gives the annual summary of emissions of the greenhouse gas (GHG) carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from East Sussex County

More information

J.D. Chung Department of Environmental Engineering, Hoseo University, Korea. Jang-Woo Kim Department of Digital Display Engineering, Hoseo University

J.D. Chung Department of Environmental Engineering, Hoseo University, Korea. Jang-Woo Kim Department of Digital Display Engineering, Hoseo University A Study on the Estimation of Calculation Guideline about Emissions of greenhouse gases(ghgs) in Nonferrous Metal Industries - Industries of lead production - J.D. Chung Department of Environmental Engineering,

More information

Environmental Defense Fund NAFA Fleet Management Association

Environmental Defense Fund NAFA Fleet Management Association August 2009 Introduction About Our Organizations Highway Emissions Carbon Dioxide Methane and Nitrous Oxide Refrigerants (HFCs) Non-highway Emissions Sample Calculations Private light-duty fleet Private

More information

EQT GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS REPORT 2015

EQT GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS REPORT 2015 EQT GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS REPORT 2015 Executive Summary As a responsible investor and owner, EQT is committed to address climate change and reduce its climate impact. Therefore, EQT has decided to annually

More information

The Co-benefit Study on Greenhouse Gases Mitigation and Air Pollution Control in China

The Co-benefit Study on Greenhouse Gases Mitigation and Air Pollution Control in China 14 th Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Inventory in Asia (WGIA 14) The Co-benefit Study on Greenhouse Gases Mitigation and Air Pollution Control in China Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences Contents

More information

Shaw Renewables specialise in the design, installation and maintenance of low carbon bioenergy systems.

Shaw Renewables specialise in the design, installation and maintenance of low carbon bioenergy systems. Shaw Renewables specialise in the design, installation and maintenance of low carbon bioenergy systems. Thermal energy: Biomass Boilers Heat Networks Biomass CHP Electrical energy: Anaerobic Digestion

More information

IP RESEARCH REPORT NON-CO 2 GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM OIL REFINERIES

IP RESEARCH REPORT NON-CO 2 GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM OIL REFINERIES IP RESEARCH REPORT NON-CO 2 GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM OIL REFINERIES IP RESEARCH REPORT NON-CO 2 GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM OIL REFINERIES April 2006 Published by ENERGY INSTITUTE, LONDON The Energy

More information

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION REPUBLIC OF TURKEY INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION In accordance with decisions 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20, the Republic of Turkey hereby presents its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC)

More information

Greening Fossil Fuels

Greening Fossil Fuels Greening Fossil Fuels Joan F. Brennecke University of Notre Dame American Chemical Society Summer School on Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy July 23, 2013 Outline World energy demand Role of fossil

More information

A Green Idea. Reclaiming Urban Wood Waste And Urban Forest Debris. For Fuel/Combustion & Renewable Energy

A Green Idea. Reclaiming Urban Wood Waste And Urban Forest Debris. For Fuel/Combustion & Renewable Energy A Green Idea Reclaiming Urban Wood Waste And Urban Forest Debris For Fuel/Combustion & Renewable Energy Presentation Edward Kalebich Chief Operating Officer Robbins Community Power Facility located Chicago

More information

Worked example using the carbon footprint calculator

Worked example using the carbon footprint calculator 1 Worked example using the carbon footprint calculator after Engineers Ireland, 2010 Engineers Ltd. is a medium-sized engineering company with 40 employees. The management team want to promote the company

More information

GHG Emission Reductions Quantification Report

GHG Emission Reductions Quantification Report GHG Emission Reductions Quantification Report Presented to: Construction GFL Inc. 9 700, Place Jade Brossard, Quebec, J4Y 3C1 Prepared by: L2i Financial Solutions 2 015, rue Victoria, suite 200 St-Lambert

More information

Western Nevada County Biomass Utilization Feasibility Project. Frequently Asked Questions

Western Nevada County Biomass Utilization Feasibility Project. Frequently Asked Questions Western Nevada County Biomass Utilization Feasibility Project Frequently Asked Questions Q: What is woody biomass and where does it come from? A: Woody biomass for the Nevada County project will primarily

More information

COMPARISON OF CARBON PRICING PROPOSALS IN THE 113TH CONGRESS

COMPARISON OF CARBON PRICING PROPOSALS IN THE 113TH CONGRESS DECEMBER U.S. COMPARISON OF CARBON PRICING PROPOSALS IN THE 113TH CONGRESS Jason Ye, Center for Climate and Energy Solutions Market-based policies that put a price on greenhouse gases can reduce emissions

More information

CDP7 and OneReport Comparison

CDP7 and OneReport Comparison 24 27 47 KEY Matches data requested within Related to data requested within Not found in and Comparison # 1.1 2.1 3.1 4.1 5.1 6.1 Regulatory Risk Physical Risk General Risk Regulatory Physical General

More information

Calculating the Carbon Footprint of Florida Orange Juice. Thomas H. Spreen Renee Goodrich-Schneider Puneet Dwivedi

Calculating the Carbon Footprint of Florida Orange Juice. Thomas H. Spreen Renee Goodrich-Schneider Puneet Dwivedi Calculating the Carbon Footprint of Florida Orange Juice Thomas H. Spreen Renee Goodrich-Schneider Puneet Dwivedi CO2 Concentrations in Earth s Atmosphere are Rising Rapidly

More information

CITY OF GOLDEN Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory & Sustainable Energy Benchmarking and Actions 2007

CITY OF GOLDEN Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory & Sustainable Energy Benchmarking and Actions 2007 CITY OF GOLDEN Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory & Sustainable Energy Benchmarking and Actions 2007 Center for Sustainable Infrastructure Systems June 2010 Prepared by: Alison Culpen, Sustainability Outreach

More information

Option C: Energy. Greenhouse effect

Option C: Energy. Greenhouse effect Option C: Energy C.5 Environmental Impact: Global Warming Greenhouse effect Natural greenhouse effect: absorption of infrared radiation by natural greenhouse gases (CO 2 and H 2 O vapour) in the atmosphere

More information

GreenHouse Gas Calculator

GreenHouse Gas Calculator df GreenHouse Gas Calculator United Nations User Manual 1.0 Specifications on best-available methodologies An office tool developed by the UNEP Environment M anagement Group, UN Depar tment of Field Support

More information

ATM S 111: Global Warming Greenhouse Gases. Jennifer Fletcher Day 4: June

ATM S 111: Global Warming Greenhouse Gases. Jennifer Fletcher Day 4: June ATM S 111: Global Warming Greenhouse Gases Jennifer Fletcher Day 4: June 24 2010 What are the Major Greenhouse Gases? Our atmosphere is mostly nitrogen (N 2, 78%), oxygen (O 2, 21%), and argon (Ar, 0.9%)

More information

Appendix A: GHG Inventory

Appendix A: GHG Inventory Appendix A: GHG Inventory Citrus Heights Greenhouse Gas Reduction Plan Page A - 1 This appendix provides a description of existing and future projected greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Citrus Heights.

More information

New Jersey Farm Bureau

New Jersey Farm Bureau Carbon Trading New Jersey Farm Bureau Marie Banasiak What is carbon trading? Market based strategy for mitigating the emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in theatmosphere atmosphere.

More information

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data Request Form. Resolved Example (Suppliers Case).

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data Request Form. Resolved Example (Suppliers Case). Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data Request Form Resolved Example (Suppliers Case). Solicitud de Datos de Emisiones de Gases de Efecto Invernadero a Proveedores Por favor, antes de empezar a completar el formulario

More information

Air Emissions. BP Refinery Kwinana, Western Australia

Air Emissions. BP Refinery Kwinana, Western Australia BP Refinery Kwinana, Western Australia Through modern treatment processes and reduction programs, air emissions from BP s Kwinana Refinery have significantly reduced in the last decade. Refining crude

More information

Site Identification No.: 197809AAO Application No.: 15030051

Site Identification No.: 197809AAO Application No.: 15030051 Project Summary for a Construction Permit Application from Midwest Generation for a Natural Gas Conversion Project for the Joliet Electric Generating Station Joliet, Illinois Site Identification No.: 197809AAO

More information

Diageo Environmental Reporting Guidelines August 2012

Diageo Environmental Reporting Guidelines August 2012 Diageo Environmental Reporting Guidelines August 2012 This document details the basis of calculation for the following metrics: - Baseline data and target setting - Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions - Water

More information

This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid

This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid What Is Integrated Solid Waste Management? This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid waste, identifies the important issues you should consider when planning for solid waste management,

More information

Launch of IPCC Inventory Software

Launch of IPCC Inventory Software Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Launch of IPCC Inventory Software 2006 IPCC guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Side-Event, SB 36 Sessions, Bonn 16 May 2012, Aim to introduce

More information

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS INVENTORY

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS INVENTORY GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS INVENTORY The first step in developing a plan to reduce greenhouse gases was to identify sources and quantities of greenhouse gases emitted in Fort Collins. An emissions inventory

More information

USE OF SULPHUR CONCRETE IN PRECAST APPLICATIONS

USE OF SULPHUR CONCRETE IN PRECAST APPLICATIONS USE OF SULPHUR CONCRETE IN PRECAST APPLICATIONS Document Prepared by Leading Carbon Ltd. Contact Information: Keith Driver kdriver@leadingcarbon.com #200 319 10 th Ave SW T2R 0A5 Calgary, Alberta Title

More information

The Contribution of Global Agriculture to Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The Contribution of Global Agriculture to Greenhouse Gas Emissions The Contribution of Global Agriculture to Greenhouse Gas Emissions Dr. Tommy Boland, School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 tommy.boland@ucd.ie Acknowledge

More information

PN 1430 ISBN 978-1-896997-86-5 PDF

PN 1430 ISBN 978-1-896997-86-5 PDF Biosolids Emissions Assessment Model: User Guide PN 1430 ISBN 978-1-896997-86-5 PDF Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, 2009 The Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) is

More information

Grantham Briefing Note 6 (Version 2) September 2013 Climate change, greenhouse gases and radiative forcing

Grantham Briefing Note 6 (Version 2) September 2013 Climate change, greenhouse gases and radiative forcing Grantham Briefing Note 6 (Version 2) September 2013 Climate change, greenhouse gases and radiative forcing DR FLORA MACTAVISH AND DR SIMON BUCKLE Overview Human emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and

More information

Introduction to The Climate Registry. Michael Koerber Lake Michigan Air Directors Consortium October 29, 2007

Introduction to The Climate Registry. Michael Koerber Lake Michigan Air Directors Consortium October 29, 2007 Introduction to The Climate Registry Michael Koerber Lake Michigan Air Directors Consortium October 29, 2007 What is a registry? Emissions Registry: Bottom-up database More accurate, less complete Emissions

More information

Emission Facts. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle

Emission Facts. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle Office of Transportation and Air Quality EPA420-F-05-004 February 2005 Emission Facts Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed

More information

International Standard for Determining Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Cities

International Standard for Determining Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Cities International Standard for Determining Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Cities The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) advices that, to avoid the worst impacts from climate change, global CO 2

More information

Ecosystem Ecology. Community interacts with abiotic factors. Objectives

Ecosystem Ecology. Community interacts with abiotic factors. Objectives Ecosystem Ecology Community interacts with abiotic factors Objectives Compare the processes of energy flow and chemical cycling as they relate to ecosystem dynamics. Define and list examples of producers,

More information

Climate Change and Renewable Energy A Perspective from a Measurements Viewpoint

Climate Change and Renewable Energy A Perspective from a Measurements Viewpoint Climate Change and Renewable Energy A Perspective from a Measurements Viewpoint Regional Workshop on Metrology and Technology Challenges of Climate Change and Renewable Energy Guatemala City, Guatemala

More information

In 2013, the Spanish economy emits 316.9 million tonnes of greenhouse effect gases, 7.8% less than in 2012

In 2013, the Spanish economy emits 316.9 million tonnes of greenhouse effect gases, 7.8% less than in 2012 20 November 2015 Environmental accounts. Atmospheric Emission Accounts. Base 2010. Accounting series 2010-2013 In 2013, the Spanish economy emits 316.9 million tonnes of greenhouse effect gases, 7.8% less

More information

Part 3 Exercise 2: Trading on the Stalk Market. Focus Question How does carbon trading work?

Part 3 Exercise 2: Trading on the Stalk Market. Focus Question How does carbon trading work? Part 3 Exercise 2: Trading on the Stalk Market Focus Question How does carbon trading work? Performance Tasks Students will be able to explain the basics of carbon trading. Students will be able to describe

More information

Calculation Tools for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Wood Product Facilities

Calculation Tools for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Wood Product Facilities Calculation Tools for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Wood Product Facilities Version 1.0 A Project of the Climate Change Working Group of The International Council of Forest and Paper Associations

More information

Scope 1 describes direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources that are owned by or under the direct control of the reporting entity;

Scope 1 describes direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources that are owned by or under the direct control of the reporting entity; 10 Greenhouse Gas Assessment 10.1 Introduction This chapter presents an assessment of the potential greenhouse gas emissions associated with the Simandou Mine and evaluates the significance of these in

More information

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Introduction to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard provides

More information

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit 3D EG REES WH ITE PAPER How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit Using on-site and off-site renewable energy to mitigate the impact of greenhouse gas emissions associated with a LEED project s energy use

More information

THE OUTLOOK FOR FOREST BIOENERGY

THE OUTLOOK FOR FOREST BIOENERGY THE OUTLOOK FOR FOREST BIOENERGY Cellulosic Supply Chains for Bioenergy Ben D. Spong, PhD Extension Specialist WVU Appalachian Hardwood Center ben.spong@mail.wvu.edu Why is wood biomass an important component

More information

Biomass Solid Fuel Production from Sewage Sludge with Pyrolysis and Co-firing in Coal Power Plant

Biomass Solid Fuel Production from Sewage Sludge with Pyrolysis and Co-firing in Coal Power Plant Biomass Solid Fuel Production from Sewage Sludge with Pyrolysis and Co-firing in Coal Power Plant YOUICHI KOGA* 1 HIROSHI OONUKI* 1 TAKESHI AMARI* 2 YUUKI ENDO* 1 KAZUAKI KAKURATA* 1 KIMITOSHI OSE* 2 MHI

More information

Antonio Jose Cumbane (PhD) Maputo, 31 st May 2011

Antonio Jose Cumbane (PhD) Maputo, 31 st May 2011 Environmental Health and Safety Aspects in the Cement Industry Antonio Jose Cumbane (PhD) Maputo, 31 st May 2011 Content The Mozambique Cement Industry Cement manufacturing Environmental Health and Safety

More information

GHG Reporting Guidance for the Aerospace Industry A Supplement to the GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard

GHG Reporting Guidance for the Aerospace Industry A Supplement to the GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard GHG Reporting Guidance for the Aerospace Industry A Supplement to the GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard International Aerospace Environmental Group Working Group 3 TM TM Publish

More information

Carbon Credits: An Opportunity for Forest Landowners. Hughes Simpson Texas Forest Service

Carbon Credits: An Opportunity for Forest Landowners. Hughes Simpson Texas Forest Service Carbon Credits: An Opportunity for Forest Landowners Hughes Simpson Texas Forest Service Carbon and Greenhouse Gases How can we mitigate Carbon / GHGs? Reduce emissions Stop burning fossil fuels Improve

More information

Chapter 3. The Greenhouse effect

Chapter 3. The Greenhouse effect Environmental Science 1. The Greenhouse effect 3.1 Greenhouse effect 3.2 Global energy balance 3.3 Anthropogenic Greenhouse effect 3.4 Increase in Greenhouse gases 3.5 Livestock influences on Greenhouse

More information

THE STATUS OF AIR POLLUTION IN ZIMBABWE Barnabas Chipindu, Dept of Physics, University of Zimbabwe.

THE STATUS OF AIR POLLUTION IN ZIMBABWE Barnabas Chipindu, Dept of Physics, University of Zimbabwe. THE STATUS OF AIR POLLUTION IN ZIMBABWE Barnabas Chipindu, Dept of Physics, University of Zimbabwe. INTRODUCTION Air Pollution is the introduction of substances or surplus energy as waste products of human

More information

Numbers, Numbers, Numbers

Numbers, Numbers, Numbers Numbers, Numbers, Numbers Standard Conversion Formulae 1 mt (metric ton)= 1,000 kg = 2,200 lbs 1 ft 3 = 0.0283168466 m 3 1 Therm = 100 ft 3 = 2.83168466 m 3 1 W (watt) = 1 J/s (joule per second) 1 kw =

More information

Summary: Apollo Group Greenhouse Gas Inventory (Worldwide)

Summary: Apollo Group Greenhouse Gas Inventory (Worldwide) Summary: Apollo Group Greenhouse Gas Inventory (Worldwide) Table of Contents Overview... 1 Boundaries... 1 Scopes... 1 Estimated Components... 1 Calculation Methodologies and Assumptions... 2 Tables...

More information

Determining Adequate Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimation Methods for Mandatory Reporting Under the Western Climate Initiative Cap-and-Trade Program

Determining Adequate Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimation Methods for Mandatory Reporting Under the Western Climate Initiative Cap-and-Trade Program Determining Adequate Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimation Methods for Mandatory Reporting Under the Western Climate Initiative Cap-and-Trade Program ABSTRACT Paula Fields and Clinton Burklin, P.E. Eastern

More information

Proposed Endangerment Finding for GHGs in Response to Mass. v. EPA

Proposed Endangerment Finding for GHGs in Response to Mass. v. EPA Proposed Endangerment Finding for GHGs in Response to Mass. v. EPA Guidance-Option Selection Briefing March 6, 2009 Overview EPA s charge to make an endangerment finding Elements of an endangerment finding

More information