WELCOME To Presentation on Energy Scenario: Bangladesh

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1 WELCOME To Presentation on Energy Scenario: Bangladesh

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5 Functions of Energy and Mineral Resources Division All policies and matters relating to Petroleum, Natural Gas and Mineral Resources. General Policy (Regulatory & Development) relating to Petroleum, Gas & Mineral Resources. Administration & control of Bangladesh Oil, Gas and Mineral Corporation oration (PETROBANGLA), Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation (BPC), Geological Survey of Bangladesh (GSB), Bureau of Mineral Development (BMD), Department of Explosives, Bangladesh Petroleum Institute (BPI) and Hydrocarbon Unit (HCU),.

6 Energy Position: Bangladesh 1.0 National Energy Policy: Present Energy Policy was prepared and enacted in Objectives: The objectives of the National Energy Policy (NEP) are outlined as follows: i) To provide energy for sustainable economic growth so that the economic development activities of different sectors are not constrained due to shortage of energy. ii) Iii) iv) To meet the energy needs of different zones of the country and socios ocio-economic groups. To ensure optimum development of all the indigenous energy sources. To ensure sustainable operation of the energy utilities. V) To ensure rational use of total energy sources. Vi) Vii) To ensure environmentally sound sustainable energy development programmes causing minimum damage to environment. To encourage public and private sector participation in the development and management of the energy sector.

7 Emphasis given on Energy Policy: a) Primary energy resources. b) Primary Bio Mass Fuel c) Animal Power d) New and Renewable Energy Technology i) Mini Hydro Power ii) Solar iii) Wind vi) Tidal and Wave Power e) Imported Fuel f) Power: i) Power Generation, Distribution and Consumption ii) Rural Electrification Program iii) Load management vi) Energy Conservation

8 2.0 Energy Share of Energy, Bangladesh Petroleum, Coal, 0.75 Gas, Biomass, Hydro, 0.34

9 2.1 Fossil Fuel Fossil Fuel comprises Natural Gas, Coal and Imported Petroleum Product. P Natural Gas In Bangladesh natural gas is one of the most important sources of energy that accounts for 73% of the commercial energy of the country. Till now 23 gas fields have been discovered in the country. As of June 2009 the estimated proven recoverable reserve was TSCF, total 8.40 TSCF gas has been already produced leaving only 6.71 TSCF of recoverable category (P1), 5.20 TSCF of probable (P2) and 7.70 TCF under possible sible (P3) category. 79 wells in 17 gas fields are in production. Average production of natural gas was about 1900 MMSCFD and total of billion cubic feet (BCF) gas was produced in Now daily average production of natural gas is about 2000 MMSCFD Oil & Gas Exploration under Production Sharing Contract (PSC) Total Block -28 Bid Submitted for-14 Negotiation going on with two companies for signing contract.

10 2.1.3 CNG Government has been encouraging private sector participation for installation CNG re-fuelling stations. To facilitate CNG use, about 500 CNG re-fuelling stations and 146 conversion workshops have already been set-up in the country and 1,88,034 CNG vehicles run in the country as of February CNG activities is keeping positive role in economy of the country. Average CNG usage (approx.) is MMCM per month which is equivalent to million liters of Petrol/Octane Petroleum Bangladesh imports about 1.2 million metric tons of crude oil along with 2.6 million metric tons (approx) of refined petroleum products per annum. Locally liquid fuels in terms of condensate and other liquid products are also extracted from different gas fields. Major consumer of liquid fuel is transport followed by agriculture, industry and commercial that is mostly met by imported liquid fuel Coal In Bangladesh, five coal deposits namely Barapukuria, Phulbari, Dighipara (in Dinajpur District), Khalashpir (in Rangpur District) and Jamalgonj (in Joypurhat District) were discovered. Total in- situ proven+probable reserves is 3300 Million Tones. So far, only one coal field i.e. Barapukuria has been developed. Commercial production of Barapukuria coal mine commenced from 2005 with the targeted capacity of one million metric tons per year and a present average production Million Tones per year.

11 2.1.6 Estimated Coal Resources of Bangladesh Location/ Field Year of Discovery Drilled Well Depth (Meter) Estimated Coal Resources (Mn Tones) Total In-situ Reserves (Mn Tones) Proved In-situ Reserves (Mn Tones) Remarks Barapukuria (Dinajpur) Khalaspir (Rangpur) *** Yearly Production Capacity appx.. 1 MnTon * Feasibility Report submitted by HOSAF Int. Ltd. & Shangdong-Ludi Min. Co. China under reviewed. Phulbari (Dinajpur) Dighipara (Dinajpur) ** Asia Energy Corporation submitted feasibility report to BMD * Exploration license awarded to Petrobangla Joint venture exploration plan submitted Jamalganj (Joypurhat) Greater depth, good for Coal Bed Methane Total

12 2.2 Renewable Energy The major sources of renewable energy in Bangladesh are Hydro Power, Biogas and Solar Energy Hydro Power: There is one large hydro facility in the country at Kaptai,, installed in the 1960s and producing 1000GWh per year. More assessments for hydropower have to be carried ried out to identify handful possible sites Nuclear Energy: In Bangladesh steps are being taken to setup nuclear plants to meet m up the emerging demand of energy in future Biogas: Biogas may be the most promising renewable energy resource for Bangladesh. B Presently there are ten thousands of households and village-level level biogas plants in place throughout the country Solar photovoltaic: Solar photovoltaic are in use throughout the country with over 2,00,0002 household-level level installations comprising around 12 MW total capacity. Scaling-up of solar PV systems has been supported by the World Bank and implemented through both the Rural Electrification Board (REB) and the Infrastructure Development Company (IDCOL).

13 3.0 Power Supply Position: In Bangladesh total Installed Electricity Generation Capacity 5,400 MW, Derated Electricity Generation Capacity 4,800 MW and Generation Capacity around 4,000 0 MW. Total around 43% people have got access to electricity. Per capita consumption of electricity is 165 kwh. 4.1 Promote Renewable Energy: Through the expansion of Renewable Energy Technology, power may reach the remote and inaccessible areas. This will help to establish small and cottage e industries and to educate and raise awareness on important issues to the people of remote and inaccessible areas. As a result, there will be a positive impact on poverty reduction. 4.2 Expansion of Solar, Wind and other Renewable Energy Technology and Initiation of measures for Energy Savings: Developing country like Bangladesh has plans to generate electricity city from environmentally friendly energy sources to complement commercial sources. Bangladesh has a hot weather and sun shine is available all the year. By using Solar, Wind and other renewable energy we can generate Electricity for the people of inaccessible area of the country. This will help for improvement of standard of living, modernization and employment generation for the people of the country. If Bangladesh can attempt to keep pace with renewable energy technology in other countries, electricity can be produced from renewable energy sources and distributed to those areas where expansion of grid line is very expensive. This will accelerate governments electrification programe and will ease the current electricity supply shortfall. That is why this has been given priority.

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