Characteristics of the Text Genre Informational Text Text Structure First-person plural, present-tense statements Content

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1 LESSON 15 TEACHER S GUIDE by Lucy Fukushima Fountas-Pinnell Level A Informational Text Selection Summary A boy and his grandfather look up to see a butterfly, a bird, a balloon, a kite, and an airplane. Number of Words: 25 Characteristics of the Text Genre Informational Text Text Structure First-person plural, present-tense statements Content Themes and Ideas Language and Literary Features Sentence Complexity Vocabulary Words Illustrations Book and Print Features Things to see from a city rooftop Objects in the air and sky Child and adult (boy and grandfather) Look up to see varied things in the air and sky. Living things and human-made things fl y and fl oat. Viewing can be a shared experience. Repetition Simple, straightforward language Repeated sentence pattern: We see a (kite). Each page introduces name of object: butterfl y, bird, balloon, kite, airplane Repeated high-frequency words: We, see, a Two- and three-syllable words: butterfl y, balloon, airplane Illustrations with labels support text. Illustration above text on each of fi ve pages One-line sentences, extra space between words Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Copyright by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner unless such copying is expressly permitted by federal copyright law. Permission is hereby granted to individual teachers using the corresponding (discipline) Leveled Readers to photocopy student worksheets from this publication in classroom quantities for instructional use and not for resale. Requests for information on other matters regarding duplication of this work should be addressed to Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, Attn: Contracts, Copyrights, and Licensing, 9400 SouthPark Center Loop, Orlando, Florida Printed in the U.S.A If you have received these materials as examination copies free of charge, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company retains title to the materials and they may not be resold. Resale of examination copies is strictly prohibited. Possession of this publication in print format does not entitle users to convert this publication, or any portion of it, into electronic format. K_301815_BL_LRTG_L15_LookUp.indd 1 11/3/09 4:47:15 PM

2 by Lucy Fukushima Build Background Read the title to children, and talk about what they can see when they look up in the sky. Have them describe the setting in the cover illustration. Then ask: Why do you think the man and the boy are on the rooftop? What do you think they might see? Introduce the Text Guide children through the text, noting important ideas and helping with unfamiliar language and vocabulary so they can read the text successfully. Point out the repeated sentence pattern We see a. Here are some suggestions: Page 2: Tell children that in this book, a boy and his grandfather look up to see different things. On each page, the boy names what they see. Explain that each page also has a label to name the thing they see. Suggested language: Turn to page 2. What is the boy pointing to? The boy says: We see a butterfl y. What does the butterfl y look like? Now say we. What letter would come fi rst in we? Find we, put your fi nger under it, and say it. Page 3: Turn to page 3. What will the boy say on this page? What do the boy and his grandfather see now? Say see. See begins with the letter s. Find see, put your fi nger under it, and say it. Page 4: Turn to page 4. What will the boy say now? Now turn back to the beginning and read to fi nd out what the boy and his grandfather see when they look up. Words to Know a see we 2 Lesson 15: K_301815_BL_LRTG_L15_LookUp.indd 2 7/27/09 12:07:08 PM

3 Read Now have children read softly while pointing under each word. Observe children as they read. Respond to the Text Personal Response Ask children to share their personal responses to the book. Begin by asking what they liked best about the book, or what they found interesting. Suggested language: What do you think it would be like to stand on a rooftop like the one in the story? Ways of Thinking As you discuss the text, make sure children understand these teaching points: Thinking Within the Text Thinking Beyond the Text Thinking About the Text A boy and his grandfather look up to see different things in the air. They see a butterfly, a bird, a balloon, a kite, and an airplane. All kinds of things fly and float in the air. It can be interesting to look up and see different things. The author wants to show that it is interesting to look up. The author uses the same words on each page. Labels tell the names of the things that are shown Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Choices for Support Concepts of Print Give children practice distinguishing letters, words, and sentences. Have them turn to a page and point to an element you name. For example: Show me the letter s. Show me a word with three letters. Show me the sentence. Phonemic Awareness and Word Work Provide practice as needed with words and sounds, using one of the following activities: Listening Game Have children listen for words that rhyme with we. Say we and another word. Have children raise their hands if the two words rhyme and keep their hands in their laps if the ending sounds are different. Example words: see, my, three, say, he, shy, she, you. Final Sounds Tell children that you are going to say a word twice, but the second time you say it, it will be missing its last sound. Have children say the fi nal sound and then the whole word. Words to use: look, bird, man, pot, fell, hum, wish. Find Words Have children look through for words that begin with the letter b. Have them say each word. 3 Lesson 15: K_301815_BL_LRTG_L15_LookUp.indd 3 11/3/09 4:47:22 PM

4 Writing About Reading Critical Thinking Read the directions for children on BLM 15.2 and guide them in answering the questions. Responding Read aloud the questions at the back of the book and help children complete the activities. Target Comprehension Skill Sequence of Events Tell children that they can think about what happens first, next, and last in a book. Model recalling the sequence of events: Think Aloud What happened in the story? First, the boy and the grandfather see a butterfly. Next, they see a bird, a balloon, and a kite. The last thing they see is an airplane. Practice the Skill Have children share another book they have read and have them tell what happened first, next, and last in the book. Writing Prompt Read aloud the following prompt. Have children draw and write their response, using the writing prompt on page 6. Draw a picture of something you can see outside our school when you look up. Write about what you see in the sky. 4 Lesson 15: K_301815_BL_LRTG_L15_LookUp.indd 4 11/3/09 4:47:38 PM

5 English Language Learners Front-Load Vocabulary Preview the book with children, using the picture labels to identify the things that are depicted: butterfly, bird, balloon, kite, airplane. Oral Language Development Check the children s comprehension, using a dialogue that best matches their English proficiency level. Speaker 1 is the teacher, Speaker 2 is the child. Beginning/ Early Intermediate Intermediate Early Advanced/ Advanced Speaker 1: Point to the boy. Speaker 2: [Points to boy] Speaker 1: Point to the bird. Speaker 2: [Points to bird] Speaker 1: Point to the kite. Speaker 2: [Points to kite] Speaker 1: Who are the people in the book? Speaker 2: a boy and a man (or grandfather) Speaker 1: Name one thing that the boy and his grandfather see. Speaker 2: Possible answers: a butterfly, a bird, a balloon, a kite, an airplane Speaker 1: What living things do the boy and his grandfather see? Speaker 2: They see a butterfly and a bird. Speaker 1: Why is the boy holding out his arms on the last page? Speaker 2: He is making his arms look like the airplane wings. Lesson 15 BLACKLINE MASTER 15.2 Name Date Children look at the pictures and circle the one that answers the question. 1. What was the bird doing in the story? Children draw and label a picture of another thing that goes up in the sky. 2. Read directions to children.. All rights reserved. 4, Unit 3: Outside My Door 5 Lesson 15: GK_246208RTXEAN_BLM15.2.indd 1 2/24/09 2:49:52 PM K_301815_BL_LRTG_L15_LookUp.indd 5 7/27/09 12:07:09 PM

6 Name Date Draw a picture of something you can see outside our school when you look up. Write about what you see in the sky. 6 Lesson 15: K_301815_BL_LRTG_L15_LookUp.indd 6 7/27/09 12:07:10 PM

7 Name Date Lesson 15 BLACKLINE MASTER 15.2 Children look at the pictures and circle the one that answers the question. 1. What was the bird doing in the story? Children draw and label a picture of another thing that goes up in the sky Lesson 15: K_301815_BL_LRTG_L15_LookUp.indd 7 7/27/09 12:07:11 PM

8 Student LEVEL A Date Lesson 15 BLACKLINE MASTER 15.6 Running Record Form page Selection Text Errors Self-Corrections We see a butterfly. We see a bird. We see a balloon. We see a kite. We see an airplane. Comments: Accuracy Rate (# words read correctly/20 100) % Self-Correction Rate (# errors + # Self-Corrections/ Self-Corrections) 1: Behavior Code Error Read word correctly cat 0 Repeated word, sentence, or phrase Omission cat 0 cat 1 Behavior Code Error Substitution cut cat 1 Self-corrects cut sc cat Insertion the ˆcat 1 Word told T 1 cat Lesson 15: K_301815_BL_LRTG_L15_LookUp.indd 8 12/4/09 10:26:49 PM

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