Swedish National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction

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1 Swedish National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction Janet Edwards Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency Natural Hazards and Critical Infrastructure Section ************************************************************************ International Workshop on Disaster Risk Reduction Dialogue between Scientists and Stakeholders 29 October 2009 Brussels

2 Natural Hazards in Sweden Geological, seismic Hydro-meteorological Biological Rock fall Landslide Erosion Debris and mud flood Avalanche Earthquake Tsunami Volcano eruption Flooding Storm Extreme precipitation Thunder Drought Heat Extreme cold Wild land fire Avalanche Torrent Dessert dissemination Epidemic Zoonosis Plant epidemic Insects invasion Plant pests *Source: ISDR, Living with risk, 2004

3 Hyogo Framework for Action Priority 1: Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation. January 2005: Sweden signs the Hyogo Declaration December 2005: First national meeting about HFA September 2007: SRSA received government commission to create a national platform January 2009: MSB established & given the legal responsibility to coordinate the platform

4 Swedish National Platform s Purpose and Organisation To create a safer Sweden by reducing the risks of natural disasters and enhancing society's ability to cope with them To be an arena for cooperation between organizations and existing networks in order to boost the collective capacity of society's actors To support the actors involved with basic data for decision-making at local, regional and national level 1. Established a network of agencies that are responsible for disaster management Steering group- Director Generals Agency network- Supervisors 2. Financed by each agency with an extra budget for the national Focal Point and secretariat at MSB (Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency)

5 Agencies in the Swedish National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction Civil Protection Civil Contingencies Agency Land use planning National Board of Housing, Planning & Building Environmental National Land Survey Environmental Protection Agency Health National Board of Health & Welfare National Food Administration Geology, Hydrology, Meteorology Geotechnical Institute Geological Survey Meteorological & Hydrological Institute Infrastructure Road & Transportation Administration National Railroads Electric power authority Energy Agency County and Municipalities Representatives for County Administrations Association of Local Authorities International International Development Cooperation Agency

6 Strategy and Activities Goal Goal 1. Coordinaton and Cooperation Strategy Better coordination at all levels National cooperation for lessons learned Activity Analyse strengths and weaknesses of platform Coordinaton between national and international DRR Strategy Work Programme Activity 2. Effective Data Management Spread good examples Report on need for geodata Develop geodata services Analyse benefits of climate adapation portal 3. Research, Development, and Knowledge Need for knowledge, Educational programmes Seminars, Multi-sector research, Current education

7 HFA Priority 2: Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning From: Words in Action:A Guide for Implementing the HFA, ISDR, 2007

8 Preventing natural disasters through risk inventory and assessment General stability maps General flood inundation maps Governmental subsidies for preventive measures towards landslides and floods River coordination groups

9 HFA Priority 3: Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels Overview of research that has been done - forest fires, floods, landslides Identify the need for more knowledge Lessons learned from disasters - natural disasters database Access to & dissemination research results

10 EU Funded Projects Related to HFA HFA Priority 2 Early Warning DG Research: PREVIEW DG Justice, Security and Freedom: Mass Crisis Communication, Cell Broadcast HFA Priority 2, 3, 4, 5 Risk inventory, assessment, reduce underlying risk, emergency preparedness, DG Regional Development: EuroBaltic I, EuroBaltic 2 Torne älv (Flood risk mapping) DG Development / EuropeAid Disaster Risk Reduction for Tourism Destinations (Thailand, India)

11 EU Project Results Benefit Benefits to agencies: Better quality methods Establishment of networks Benefits to the local municipalities: Risk inventories and associated digital maps New chemical dispersion model Early warning systems Better risk communication

12 Research on DRR National cooperation Regional cooperation Communication with European Commission ISDR International Communication Dialog with the scientific community Agencies EC and ISDR National Platforms Scientists

13 HFA Priority 3: Education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels Risk management is a part of the rescue services training for municipalities (after gymnasium) College level programs on risk management exist Master s Program in Disaster Management at Lund University and University of Copenhagen Increase public awareness about risks and the roll they can play during all the phases of an emergency. Educational package for teachers in elementary school, junior high school Integrate lessons-learned from national and international emergencies

14 HFA Priority 4: Reduce the Underlying risk factors Build safe structures, follow standards Avoid development in risk zones Reduce the vulnerability of critical infrastructure Adapt to the changing climate - mitigate

15 HFA Priority 5: Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels Municipal Responsible for prevention, preparedness & response County Support local level and can take over responsibility for response Storm Gudrun, January 2005 National European/ International Support with training, exercises, materiel support from national level (flood barriers, forest fires modules) Resources from other EU countries MIC, Capacity building programmes, training

16 Contact Focal Point for HFA in Sweden Mette Lindahl-Olsson, Head of Section Natural Disasters and Critical Infrastructure Section Risk and Vulnerability Reduction Department Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency Karlstad, Sweden +46 (0) Janet Edwards, International Coordinator Swedish National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction +46 (0)

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