Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration. Hot Seat

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration. Hot Seat"

Transcription

1 Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Hot Seat

2 Hot Seat Instructions You are competing against classmates in your row (across the classroom). The hot seat is the seat in each row closest to the outside windows. Your answer must be written and you must stop writing when the teacher says, pencils down After hearing the correct answer you will check your answer with the person to your left and the person to your right. If your answer is correct and the person to your right answered incorrectly you move into their seat (towards the hot seat) and they will move into yours. If your answer is incorrect and the person to your left answered correctly, you move into their seat (away from the hot seat) and they will move into yours. Remember you may only move one seat at a time! If you get it right and two people in front of your get it wrong you still can only move one seat!

3 What is the monomer of carbohydrates? Monosaccharide

4 What is the function of carbohydrates? They are the primary energy source for living organisms.

5 Starch is made up of A chain of glucose molecules.

6 Which of these equations best summarize photosynthesis? C 6 H 12 O O 2 > 6 CO H 2 O C 6 H 12 O O 2 > 6 CO H 2 O + Energy 6 CO O 2 > C 6 H 12 O H 2 O 6 CO H 2 O > C 6 H 12 O O 2

7 Where does most of a plant s mass come from? A. from the soil B. from carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil C. from nutrients in the soil D. from water

8 At midday, what is happening in the leaf of a plant? A. Respiration B. Photosynthesis C. Mainly photosynthesis and some respiration D. None of the above

9 At midnight, what is happening in the leaf of a plant A. Respiration B. Photosynthesis C. Photosynthesis and respiration D. None of the above

10 In which organisms does photosynthesis happen? A. Plants B. Animals C. Plants and animals D. None of the above

11 Which of the following need oxygen to survive? A. Plants B. Animals C. Plants and animals D. None of the above

12 Which of these best explains the difference between the way animals and plants exchange gases with their environments? A. Animals use only photosynthesis, while plants use both photosynthesis and respiration. B. Animals use only respiration, while plants use both photosynthesis and respiration. C. Animals use both photosynthesis and respiration, while plants use only respiration. D. Animals use both photosynthesis and respiration, while plants use only photosynthesis.

13 Which of the following i the source of the carbon in sugar produced during photosynthesis? A. Carbon dioxide B. Water C. Oxygen D. ATP

14 Most animals make energy available for cell activity by transferring the energy of glucose to ATP. This process occurs during A. Anaerobic respiration only B. Aerobic respiration only C. Both aerobic and anaerobic respiration D. Neither aerobic and anaerobic respiration

15 In animal cells, the energy to convert ADP to ATP comes directly from A. hormones B. Sunlight C. food D. heat

16 The organelles in which most of the reactions of aerobic cellular respiration take place are the A. ribosomes B. chloroplasts C. lysosomes D. mitochondria

17 Which product is of the greatest benefit to the organisms in which cellular respiration occurs? A. glucose B. carbon dioxides C. ATP molecules D. water molecules

18 A plant is placed in a closed chamber in the light. Why is the [CO2] decreasing? The cells of the plant are removing CO2 from the environment as they perform photosynthesis.

19 An animal is placed in a closed chamber in the light. Why is the [CO2] increasing? The cells of the animal are adding CO2 to the environment as they perform cellular respiration.

20 A plant and animal are placed in a closed chamber in the light. Why is the [CO2] staying the same? The CO2 produced by the animal during cellular respiration is used by the plant to perform photosynthesis.

21 When during a 24 hour period does a plant perform cellular respiration? All the time

22 A plant is placed in a closed chamber in the dark. Why is the [CO2] increasing? The plant is performing cellular respiration and adding CO2 to the environment.

23 An animal is placed in a closed chamber in the dark. Does light intensity affect the rate of cellular respiration? No, light is not necessary for cellular respiration.

24 A plant and animal are placed in a closed chamber in the dark. Why is the CO2 concentration increasing? Both the plant and animal are performing cellular respiration and adding CO2 to the environment.

25 By which process are carbon dioxide and water converted to carbohydrates? A. transpiration B. respiration C. fermentation D. photosynthesis

26 The conversion of light energy into chemical energy occurs within the cells of A. molds B. yeasts C. algae D. grasshoppers

27 Glucose molecules may be stored in plants in the form of A. oxygen B. starch C. Nucleic acids D. Amino acids

28 The basic raw materials (inputs) for photosynthesis are A. Water and carbon dioxides B. Oxygen and water C. Sugar and carbon dioxide D. Carbon dioxide and oxygen

29 Which word equation represents the process of photosynthesis? A. Carbon dioxide + water à glucose + oxygen B. Glucose à alcohol + carbon dioxide C. Maltose + water à glucose + glucose D. Glucose + oxygen à carbon dioxide + water

30 In terms of nutrition, the functional difference between animals and plants is that green plants are able to A. Synthesize (make) glucose B. Break down carbohydrates C. Carry on aerobic respiration D. Form ATP molecules

31 The production of energy-rich ATP molecules is the direct result of A. Recycling light energy to be used in the process of photosynthesis B. Releasing the stored energy of carbohydrates by the process of cellular respiration C. Breaking down starch by the process of digestion D. Copying coded information during the process of protein synthesis

32 The green aquatic plant represented in the diagram below was expose to light for several hours. Which gas would most likely be found in the bubbles? A. oxygen B. nitrogen C. Ozone D. carbon dioxide

33 Energy is released from ATP when A. phosphate group is added B. Adenine bonds to ribose C. ATP is exposed to sunlight D. A phosphate group is removed

34 If carbon dioxide is removed from a plant s environment, what would you expect to happen to the plant s production of high-energy sugars? A. More sugars will be produced B. Fewer sugars will be produced C. The same number of sugars will be produced but without carbon dioxide D. Carbon dioxide does not affect the production of high-energy sugars in plants.

35 Muscle cells in athletes often have more mitochondria than muscles cells in nonathletes. Based on this observation, it can be inferred that the muscle cells in athletes A. Have a smaller demand for cell proteins than the muscle cells of nonathletes B. Reproduce less frequently than the muscle cells of nonathletes C. Have nuclei containing more DNA than nuclei in the muscle cells of nonathletes D. Have a greater demand for energy than the muscle cells of nonathletes

36 An experimental setup is shown below. Which hypothesis would most likely be tested using this setup? A. Light is needed for the process of reproduction B. Glucose is not synthesized by plants in the dark C. Protein synthesis takes place in leaves D. Plants need fertilizers for proper growth

37 Which cell organelle is the site of photosynthesis? Chloroplast

38 What is the purpose of photosynthesis? To make glucose to convert light energy into chemical energy or

39 What is the chemical formula for glucose? C 6 H 12 O 6

40 Where is the energy stored in a molecule of ATP? In the bond between the phosphates

41 What are the reactants of Photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O

42 What are the products of Photosynthesis 6O 2 + C 6 H 12 O 6

43 Where do plants obtain the carbon necessary for growth? From Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

44 Where in a cell does cellular respiration occur? Mitochondria

45 What is the purpose of cellular respiration? Release energy stored in glucose to generate ATP!

46 What are the products of Cellular Respiration 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O

47 What are the reactants of Cellular Respiration 6O 2 + C 6 H 12 O 6

48 Under what condition would your muscle cells perform lactic acid fermentation? A shortage of Oxygen (O 2 )

49 Which type of respiration generates more ATP, aerobic or anaerobic? Aerobic 36 ATP per glucose molecule! Anaerobic Only 2 ATP per glucose molecule

50 In terms of oxygen, what is the difference between anaerobic respiration and aerobic respiration? Aerobic respiration uses oxygen Anaerobic respiration do not use oxygen

51 How does your body eliminate carbon dioxide produced during cellular respiration? Exhale it

52 What is the pigment in plants that absorbs light energy? Chlorophyll

53 Which word equation represents the process of alcoholic fermentation? A. Carbon dioxide + water à glucose + oxygen B. Glucose à alcohol + carbon dioxide C. Maltose + water à glucose + glucose D. Glucose + oxygen à carbon dioxide + water

54 What are the products of alcoholic fermentation? Alcohol and CO2

55 How would an increase in temperature affect the rates of photosynthesis and cellular respiration? A. The rate of photosynthesis would increase while the rate of cellular respiration would decrease. B. The rate of photosynthesis would decrease while the rate of cellular respiration would increase. C. The rates of both photosynthesis and cellular respiration would increase. D. The rates of both photosynthesis and cellular respiration would decrease.

56 How will increasing light intensity affect the rate of photosynthesis? The rate of photosynthesis will increase

57 How would a decrease in CO2 concentration affect the rate of photosynthesis? The rate of photosynthesis would decrease because CO2 is needed for photosynthesis to occur.

58 As chemical energy is used it is transformed into thermal energy (heat) Why is energy not recycled?

59 How can you tell if a chemical equation is balanced and supports the law of conservation of matter? The number of atoms on each side the equation are equal. Water + Carbon Dioxide à Glucose + Oxygen 6H 2 O + 6CO 2 à C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 H=12 O=6 C=6 O=12 C=6 H=12 O=12 O=6

Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1

Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1 Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1 1. Which statement best describes one of the events taking place in the chemical reaction? A. Energy is being stored as a result of aerobic respiration. B. Fermentation

More information

Photo Cell Resp Practice. A. ATP B. oxygen C. DNA D. water. The following equation represents the process of photosynthesis in green plants.

Photo Cell Resp Practice. A. ATP B. oxygen C. DNA D. water. The following equation represents the process of photosynthesis in green plants. Name: ate: 1. Which molecule supplies the energy for cellular functions?. TP. oxygen. N. water 2. Photosynthesis The following equation represents the process of photosynthesis in green plants. What happens

More information

Cellular Energy. 1. Photosynthesis is carried out by which of the following?

Cellular Energy. 1. Photosynthesis is carried out by which of the following? Cellular Energy 1. Photosynthesis is carried out by which of the following? A. plants, but not animals B. animals, but not plants C. bacteria, but neither animals nor plants D. all living organisms 2.

More information

Chapter 9 Review Worksheet Cellular Respiration

Chapter 9 Review Worksheet Cellular Respiration 1 of 5 11/9/2011 8:11 PM Name: Hour: Chapter 9 Review Worksheet Cellular Respiration Energy in General 1. Differentiate an autotroph from a hetertroph as it relates to obtaining energy and the processes

More information

Unit 1 Lesson 6 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 1 Lesson 6 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 1 Lesson 6 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Energize! How do the cells in an organism function? Cells must capture and use energy or they will die. Without energy, living things cannot replace

More information

Student Exploration: Cell Energy Cycle

Student Exploration: Cell Energy Cycle Name: Date: Student Exploration: Cell Energy Cycle Vocabulary: aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, ATP, cellular respiration, chemical energy, chlorophyll, chloroplast, cytoplasm, glucose, glycolysis,

More information

Answers Chapters 8 & 9 Review Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration

Answers Chapters 8 & 9 Review Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Answers Chapters 8 & 9 Review Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis: 1. What is the term for the ability to perform work? Energy 2. Organisms that make their own food are called producers

More information

Cell Energetics Practice

Cell Energetics Practice Cell Energetics Practice Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The ultimate source of energy for almost all living organisms is: a. heat. b.

More information

2. Which type of macromolecule contains high-energy bonds and is used for long-term energy storage?

2. Which type of macromolecule contains high-energy bonds and is used for long-term energy storage? Energy Transport Study Island 1. During the process of photosynthesis, plants use energy from the Sun to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. These products are, in turn, used by the

More information

Topic 3: Nutrition, Photosynthesis, and Respiration

Topic 3: Nutrition, Photosynthesis, and Respiration 1. Base your answer to the following question on the chemical reaction represented below and on your knowledge of biology. If this reaction takes place in an organism that requires sunlight to produce

More information

Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes

Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes I. Energy ability to do work; forms of energy: heat, light, chemical, electrical, mechanical, kinetic, potential A. Energy for living things comes from

More information

Unit 5 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Unit 5 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Unit 5 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Advanced Concepts What is the abbreviated name of this molecule? What is its purpose? What are the three parts of this molecule? Label each part with the

More information

Bioenergetics Module A Anchor 3

Bioenergetics Module A Anchor 3 Bioenergetics Module A Anchor 3 Key Concepts: - ATP can easily release and store energy by breaking and re-forming the bonds between its phosphate groups. This characteristic of ATP makes it exceptionally

More information

pathway that involves taking in heat from the environment at each step. C.

pathway that involves taking in heat from the environment at each step. C. Study Island Cell Energy Keystone Review 1. Cells obtain energy by either capturing light energy through photosynthesis or by breaking down carbohydrates through cellular respiration. In both photosynthesis

More information

GCSE Additional Science

GCSE Additional Science GCSE Additional Science Module B4 The processes of life: What you should know Name: Science Group: Teacher: R.A.G. each of the statements to help focus your revision: R = Red: I don t know this A = Amber:

More information

Biology I: Study Guide # 3 Topics: Photosynthesis & Respiration

Biology I: Study Guide # 3 Topics: Photosynthesis & Respiration Biology I: Study Guide # 3 Topics: Photosynthesis & Respiration Name: Biology Textbook: pg. 200 214, 220-232 PHOTOSYNTHESIS 1. Define: a. autotroph: b. heterotroph: c. ATP: d. ADP: e. Glucose: f. photosynthesis:

More information

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Questions/ Main Ideas 8 1 Energy and Life Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Chemical Energy and ATP Energy is the ability to do work. Nearly every activity in modern society depends on one kind of energy or

More information

Energy, Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration

Energy, Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Energy, Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Name: Period: Date: I. ATP: Energy In A Molecule All is broken down by the body into small molecules through digestion o By the time food reaches your, it

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND CELLULAR RESPIRATION

PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND CELLULAR RESPIRATION reflect Wind turbines shown in the photo on the right are large structures with blades that move in response to air movement. When the wind blows, the blades rotate. This motion generates energy that is

More information

Modeling Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Teacher Information

Modeling Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Teacher Information STO-122 Modeling Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Teacher Information Summary Students use simple snap beads to model the reactants and products of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Optional

More information

Modeling Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Lab

Modeling Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Lab Name: HR: Modeling Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Lab Introduction: Photosynthesis is the process by which green plants capture energy from sunlight and use it to make food molecules like glucose.

More information

Biology 20 Cellular Respiration Review NG Know the process of Cellular Respiration (use this picture if it helps):

Biology 20 Cellular Respiration Review NG Know the process of Cellular Respiration (use this picture if it helps): Biology 20 Cellular Respiration Review NG Know the process of Cellular Respiration (use this picture if it helps): 1) How many ATP molecules are produced for each glucose molecule used in fermentation?

More information

Name Class Date. Describe the role of ATP in cellular activities. Explain where plants get the energy they need to produce food.

Name Class Date. Describe the role of ATP in cellular activities. Explain where plants get the energy they need to produce food. 8.1 Energy and Life Lesson Objectives Describe the role of ATP in cellular activities. Explain where plants get the energy they need to produce food. Lesson Summary Chemical Energy and ATP Energy is the

More information

The Processes of Life. Bicester Community College Science Department

The Processes of Life. Bicester Community College Science Department B4 The Processes of Life B4 Key Questions How do chemical reactions take place in living things? How do plants make food? How do living organisms obtain energy? How do chemical reactions take place in

More information

1. The diagram below represents a biological process

1. The diagram below represents a biological process 1. The diagram below represents a biological process 5. The chart below indicates the elements contained in four different molecules and the number of atoms of each element in those molecules. Which set

More information

Cellular Respiration Page 9

Cellular Respiration Page 9 Cellular Respiration Page 9 I. The Importance of Food A. Food provides living things with the chemical building blocks they need to grow and reproduce. B. Food serves as a source of for the cells of the

More information

Cellular Respiration. Cellular Respiration. The Mighty Mitochondria. Cellular Respiration. Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration. Cellular Respiration. The Mighty Mitochondria. Cellular Respiration. Cellular Respiration Have you ever wondered why you need oxygen? The Process that releases energy by breaking down food molecules in the presence of oxygen That energy goes to make ATP. What does it all mean? C 6 H 12 O 6

More information

Cells capture and release energy.

Cells capture and release energy. Page of 8 KEY CONCEPT Cells capture and release energy. BEFORE, you learned The cell is the basic unit of all living things Plant cells and animal cells have similarities and differences Plants and animals

More information

CHAPTER 4. Section 1 Do we get energy from food?

CHAPTER 4. Section 1 Do we get energy from food? Section 1 Do we get energy from food? CHAPTER 4 Food contains energy but it has to be broken down in order to be used. That means that energy comes from food but not directly. All cells, including plant

More information

Name Date Class. energy phosphate adenine charged ATP chemical bonds work ribose

Name Date Class. energy phosphate adenine charged ATP chemical bonds work ribose Energy in a Cell Reinforcement and Study Guide Section.1 The Need for Energy In your textbook, read about cell energy. Use each of the terms below just once to complete the passage. energy phosphate adenine

More information

Study Guide A. Answer Key. Cells and Energy

Study Guide A. Answer Key. Cells and Energy Cells and Energy Answer Key SECTION 1. CHEMICAL ENERGY AND ATP 1. molecule; food molecules 2. high-energy; lower-energy 3. phosphate group 4. a; d; b; c 5. b; e 6. c; d 7. a; f 8. chemical energy; light

More information

Name: Date: Hour: OK OK OK.. I m sure you all thought that I wouldn t possibly ask you to know more for this chapter SORRY!

Name: Date: Hour: OK OK OK.. I m sure you all thought that I wouldn t possibly ask you to know more for this chapter SORRY! Biology I Cellular Respiration Name: Date: Hour: OK OK OK.. I m sure you all thought that I wouldn t possibly ask you to know more for this chapter SORRY! Now, we need a place to disassemble the molecule

More information

REVIEW OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION

REVIEW OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION REVIEW OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION 1. What happens to electrons as they are transported along the electron transport chain? a) they lose energy b) the gain energy c) they are pumped into the space between

More information

Photosynthesis Notes

Photosynthesis Notes Photosynthesis Notes Energy and Living Things: All living organisms must have energy to survive. Organisms get this energy from food. Organisms either make their own food or consume other organisms to

More information

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Name: KEY Period: Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Plant cells and some Algae contain an organelle called the chloroplast. The chloroplast allows plants to harvest energy from sunlight to carry on a process

More information

CELL/ PHOTOSYNTHESIS/ CELLULAR RESPIRATION Test 2011 ANSWER 250 POINTS ANY WAY IN WHICH YOU WANT

CELL/ PHOTOSYNTHESIS/ CELLULAR RESPIRATION Test 2011 ANSWER 250 POINTS ANY WAY IN WHICH YOU WANT CELL/ PHOTOSYNTHESIS/ CELLULAR RESPIRATION Test 2011 ANSWER 250 POINTS ANY WAY IN WHICH YOU WANT Completion: complete each statement. (1 point each) 1. All cells arise from. 2. The basic unit of structure

More information

Today you need: your notebook, pen or pencil, textbook,worksheet

Today you need: your notebook, pen or pencil, textbook,worksheet Cellular Energy Objectives Students will review plant/ animal cells and prokaryote/eukaryote Students will draw and label a diagram of the cell energy cycles. Students will compare and contrast autotrophs

More information

Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Text, Diagrams, Assessments, and Link to Standards Focus Questions 1) What is cellular respiration? 2) How is cellular respiration connected to breathing? 3) If

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Stored Energy

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Stored Energy Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Stored Energy What is Photosynthesis? plants convert the energy of sunlight into the energy in the chemical bonds of carbohydrates sugars and starches. SUMMARY EQUATION:

More information

Section 3: Factors That Affect the Rate of Enzyme Catalyzed Reactions best

Section 3: Factors That Affect the Rate of Enzyme Catalyzed Reactions best Biology 12 Name: Metabolism Practice Test Section 1: What is an enzyme? 1. Which of the following statements is true about enzymes? a) 3D shape can vary and still be active b) they may catalyze only 1

More information

Chapter 4. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Worksheets. 63 www.ck12.org

Chapter 4. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Worksheets. 63 www.ck12.org Chapter 4 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Worksheets (Opening image copyright by Derek Ramsey, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/file:monarch_butterfly_ Danaus_plexippus_Feeding_Down_3008px.jpg, and

More information

2. What structure absorbs this energy in the plants cell? In other words, where is photosynthesis occurring in the plant?

2. What structure absorbs this energy in the plants cell? In other words, where is photosynthesis occurring in the plant? Section: 3.4 Name: Opening Activity: What is the equation for photosynthesis? Latin Root Word: Review of Old Information: Review of Old Information: 1. All energy begins as what type of energy and from

More information

Energy and Photosynthesis. Pre-AP Biology HHS

Energy and Photosynthesis. Pre-AP Biology HHS Energy and Photosynthesis Pre-AP Biology HHS Energy in Living Things Two Groups of Living Organisms in the Way they meet their Energy needs: Autotrophs: plants and other living things that build organic

More information

CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY

CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY CHAPTER 5 CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY SECTION 5 1 The Cell in Its Environment (pages 158-162) This section tells how things move into and out of cells. The Cell Membrane as Gatekeeper (page 158) 1. The cell

More information

Glycolysis 9/21/2009 1

Glycolysis 9/21/2009 1 Glycolysis 9/21/2009 1 Glycolysis glycolysis is another word for the breakdown of glucose if glucose is broken done in the presence of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water you have the formula: C6H12O6 +

More information

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Name

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Name Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Name Lab ATP - The Cell s Energy Molecule Introduction Is energy free to slosh around inside living cells? The answer is no. Energy exists in the form of chemical energy. This

More information

Cellular Processes. Carbon Dioxide + Cell Structure and Function. STAAR Biology: Assessment Activities

Cellular Processes. Carbon Dioxide + Cell Structure and Function. STAAR Biology: Assessment Activities Oxygen + Glucose Chloroplast Mitochondrion Carbon Dioxide + Water Cell Structure and Function 23 24 Cell Structure and Function Teacher Pages Purpose The purpose of this station is to have students compare

More information

Name Class Date SECTION 9-1 REVIEW CHEMICAL PATHWAYS. 1. cellular respiration. 2. glycolysis. 3. calorie. 4. fermentation

Name Class Date SECTION 9-1 REVIEW CHEMICAL PATHWAYS. 1. cellular respiration. 2. glycolysis. 3. calorie. 4. fermentation SECTION 9-1 REVIEW CHEMICAL PATHWAYS VOCABULARY REVIEW Define the following terms. 1. cellular respiration 2. glycolysis 3. calorie 4. fermentation M ULTIPLE CHOICE Write the correct letter in the blank.

More information

2. What kind of energy is stored in food? A. chemical energy B. heat energy C. kinetic energy D. light energy

2. What kind of energy is stored in food? A. chemical energy B. heat energy C. kinetic energy D. light energy Assessment Bank Matter and Energy in Living Things SC.8.L.18.4 1. What is energy? A. anything that takes up space B. anything that has mass C. the ability to conduct current D. the ability to do work 2.

More information

PRESTWICK ACADEMY NATIONAL 5 BIOLOGY CELL BIOLOGY SUMMARY

PRESTWICK ACADEMY NATIONAL 5 BIOLOGY CELL BIOLOGY SUMMARY Name PRESTWICK ACADEMY NATIONAL 5 BIOLOGY CELL BIOLOGY SUMMARY Cell Structure Identify animal, plant, fungal and bacterial cell ultrastructure and know the structures functions. Plant cell Animal cell

More information

Metabolism Practice Test KEY

Metabolism Practice Test KEY Biology 12 Metabolism Practice Test KEY Name: Section 1: What is an enzyme? 1. Which of the following statements is true about enzymes? a) 3D shape can vary and still be active b) they may catalyze only

More information

8.2 Cells and Energy. What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts. CHAPTER 8. Solar cells and chloroplasts

8.2 Cells and Energy. What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts. CHAPTER 8. Solar cells and chloroplasts CHAPTER 8 CELL PROCESSES 8.2 Cells and Energy To stay alive, you need a constant supply of energy. You need energy to move, think, grow, and even sleep. Where does that energy come from? It all starts

More information

Photosynthesis P P P. Autotrophs and Heterotrophs (page 201) Chemical Energy and ATP (pages 202 203) Chapter 8. Name Class Date

Photosynthesis P P P. Autotrophs and Heterotrophs (page 201) Chemical Energy and ATP (pages 202 203) Chapter 8. Name Class Date Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Section 8 1 Energy and Life (pages 201 203) This section explains where plants get the energy they need to produce food. It also describes the role of the chemical compound ATP

More information

Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food

Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food Chapter 6 Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food PowerPoint Lectures for Campbell Essential Biology, Fifth Edition, and Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology, Fourth Edition Eric J. Simon,

More information

Cellular Respiration. The backwards and slightly more complicated version of photosynthesis

Cellular Respiration. The backwards and slightly more complicated version of photosynthesis Cellular Respiration The backwards and slightly more complicated version of photosynthesis Learning Outcomes I will. - Explain how glycolysis and the Kreb s cycle work and describe where these processes

More information

Cellular Respiration 1. Occurs in the Mitochondria 2. How are cells produce ATP (energy)

Cellular Respiration 1. Occurs in the Mitochondria 2. How are cells produce ATP (energy) Cellular Respiration 1. Occurs in the Mitochondria 2. How are cells produce ATP (energy) Consider the energy released by a burning peanut How is this like cellular respiration? Hyperlink What happened

More information

H.W. 1 Bio 101 Prof. Fournier

H.W. 1 Bio 101 Prof. Fournier H.W. 1 Bio 101 Prof. Fournier 1. What is a similarity between all bacteria and plants? A) They both have a nucleus B) They are both composed of cells C) They both have chloroplasts D) They both lack a

More information

Ch. 4 ATP & Photosynthesis

Ch. 4 ATP & Photosynthesis Name: Biology G Vocabulary Section 4.1 Ch. 4 ATP & Photosynthesis Period: ADP Adenosine Diphosphate ATP Adenosine Triphosphate Chemosynthesis Vocabulary Section 4.2 Photosynthesis Chlorophyll Thylakoid

More information

4.3. Photosynthesis in Detail. The first stage of photosynthesis captures and transfers energy.

4.3. Photosynthesis in Detail. The first stage of photosynthesis captures and transfers energy. 4. Photosynthesis in Detail VOCABULARY, 9B photosystem electron transport chain ATP synthase Calvin cycle 4B investigate and explain cellular processes, including homeostasis, energy conversions, transport

More information

Cellular Respiration Worksheet 1. 1. What are the 3 phases of the cellular respiration process? Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, Electron Transport Chain.

Cellular Respiration Worksheet 1. 1. What are the 3 phases of the cellular respiration process? Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, Electron Transport Chain. Cellular Respiration Worksheet 1 1. What are the 3 phases of the cellular respiration process? Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, Electron Transport Chain. 2. Where in the cell does the glycolysis part of cellular

More information

2. Cellular respiration uses oxygen to convert the chemical energy stored in organic molecules into -?-

2. Cellular respiration uses oxygen to convert the chemical energy stored in organic molecules into -?- HB Cell Respiration Questions (1/2 point each question or blank to fill in 37 points) 1. Organisms, such as plants that make their own food are called -?- 2. Cellular respiration uses oxygen to convert

More information

Respiration Worksheet. Respiration is the controlled release of energy from food. Types of Respiration. Aerobic Respiration

Respiration Worksheet. Respiration is the controlled release of energy from food. Types of Respiration. Aerobic Respiration Respiration Worksheet Respiration is the controlled release of energy from food The food involved in respiration is usually Internal respiration is controlled by which allow energy to be released in The

More information

Major concepts: Notes: Capturing Cell Energy

Major concepts: Notes: Capturing Cell Energy 1. The fundamental life processes of plants and animals depend on a variety of chemical reactions that occur in specialized areas of the organism s cells. As a basis for understanding this concept: 1.

More information

9-1 Notes. Chemical Pathways

9-1 Notes. Chemical Pathways 9-1 Notes Chemical Pathways Chemical Energy & Food Food provides living things with the chemical building blocks to grow and reproduce. One gram of the sugar glucose releases 3811 calories of heat energy.

More information

Name Class Date. What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What is the function of each part of a eukaryotic cell?

Name Class Date. What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What is the function of each part of a eukaryotic cell? CHAPTER 1 2 SECTION Cells: The Basic Units of Life Eukaryotic Cells BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What

More information

SBI4U: Respiration and Photosynthesis Test. [25 marks]

SBI4U: Respiration and Photosynthesis Test. [25 marks] Part 1: Multiple Choice SBI4U: Respiration and Photosynthesis Test Mr. Dykstra Name: [25 marks] 1. Which of the following molecules links glucose oxidation, fatty acid catabolism, and the catabolism of

More information

Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Important Concepts, Common Misconceptions, and Learning Activities 1

Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Important Concepts, Common Misconceptions, and Learning Activities 1 Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Important Concepts, Common Misconceptions, and Learning Activities 1 Sections I-III present important concepts and common misconceptions. Section IV recommends activities

More information

8-3 The Reactions of Photosynthesis Slide 1 of 51

8-3 The Reactions of Photosynthesis Slide 1 of 51 8-3 The of Photosynthesis 1 of 51 Inside a Chloroplast Inside a Chloroplast In plants, photosynthesis takes place inside chloroplasts. Plant Chloroplast Plant cells 2 of 51 Inside a Chloroplast Chloroplasts

More information

Name Class Date. Figure 8-1

Name Class Date. Figure 8-1 Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Chapter Test A Multiple Choice Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided. 1. Which of the following is an autotroph? a. mushroom

More information

BIOLOGY 2a SUMMARY SHEET

BIOLOGY 2a SUMMARY SHEET BIOLOGY 2a SUMMARY SHEET B2.1.1 CELLS Most human and animal cells have the following parts. NUCLEUS controls the activities of the cell CYTOPLASM where most of the chemical reactions take place CELL MEMBRANE

More information

1. Define and give an example of the following:

1. Define and give an example of the following: Name: KEY Date: / / HR: Section 1 Chemistry of Life CHAPTER 3 CELL PROCESSES REVIEW 1. Define and give an example of the following: a. Atoms invisible particles that make up all mater; made from protons,

More information

Chapter 9 CELLULAR RESPIRATION

Chapter 9 CELLULAR RESPIRATION Chapter 9 CELLULAR RESPIRATION HARVESTING FREE ENERGY Photosynthesis takes free energy and puts it into carbohydrates/sugars Carbohydrates can be stored for later use; light can not and neither can ATP

More information

Cellular Respiration. Chemical Energy and Food (page 221) Overview of Cellular Respiration (page 222) Chapter 9. Mitochondrion.

Cellular Respiration. Chemical Energy and Food (page 221) Overview of Cellular Respiration (page 222) Chapter 9. Mitochondrion. Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Section 9 1 Chemical Pathways (pages 221 225) This section explains what cellular respiration is. It also describes what happens during a process called glycolysis and describes

More information

Buddhist Chi Hong Chi Lam Memorial College A.L. Bio. Notes (by Denise Wong) Energetics... Page 18. Respiration

Buddhist Chi Hong Chi Lam Memorial College A.L. Bio. Notes (by Denise Wong) Energetics... Page 18. Respiration Energetics... Page 18 Respiration Syllabus : The importance of respiration in converting chemical energy in food to chemical energy in ATP. The sites of respiration the sites of the various biochemical

More information

Basic Chemistry: Practice Questions #1

Basic Chemistry: Practice Questions #1 Basic Chemistry: Practice Questions #1 1. Which substances are inorganic compounds? A. water and salts B. proteins and carbohydrates C. fats and oils D. enzymes and hormones 2. Which substance is an inorganic

More information

Fermentation: one part in a larger lesson on cellular respiration

Fermentation: one part in a larger lesson on cellular respiration Kate Buckman Modified session plan: Fermentation: one part in a larger lesson on cellular respiration what worked and didn t in previous lessons: Every time I was taught cellular respiration in the past,

More information

How Cells Harvest Chemical Energy

How Cells Harvest Chemical Energy How Cells Harvest Chemical Energy I. Introduction A. In eukaryotes, cellular respiration 1. harvests energy from food 2. yields large amounts of ATP 3. B. A similar process takes place in many prokaryotic

More information

5. Plant Respiration and Photosynthesis

5. Plant Respiration and Photosynthesis 5. Plant Respiration and Photosynthesis Teacher Information Objectives Students understand the relationship between carbon dioxide, respiration, and photosynthesis in plants. During this investigation

More information

* Is chemical energy potential or kinetic energy? The position of what is storing energy?

* Is chemical energy potential or kinetic energy? The position of what is storing energy? Biology 1406 Exam 2 - Metabolism Chs. 5, 6 and 7 energy - capacity to do work 5.10 kinetic energy - energy of motion : light, electrical, thermal, mechanical potential energy - energy of position or stored

More information

ATP. Division Avenue High School Regents Biology. Types of cells. Cells & Cell Organelles. Why study cells? Cell size comparison

ATP. Division Avenue High School Regents Biology. Types of cells. Cells & Cell Organelles. Why study cells? Cell size comparison Types of cells bacteria cells Prokaryote - no organelles Cells & Cell Organelles The Building Blocks of Life AP Biology 2008-2009 animal cells Eukaryotes - organelles Cell size comparison Animal cell Bacterial

More information

Keystone Review Practice Test Module A Cells and Cell Processes. 1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

Keystone Review Practice Test Module A Cells and Cell Processes. 1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes? Keystone Review Practice Test Module A Cells and Cell Processes 1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes? a. Ability to store hereditary information b. Use of organelles to control

More information

THE LIVING CELL. Cells also have variety of shapes. Plant cells are often rectangular or polygonal, while egg cells are usually spherical.

THE LIVING CELL. Cells also have variety of shapes. Plant cells are often rectangular or polygonal, while egg cells are usually spherical. THE LIVING CELL A Tour of the cell The cell is the smallest and the basic unit of structure of all organisms. There are two main types or categories of cells: prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic

More information

CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY

CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY CHAPTER 5 CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY SECTION 5 1 The Cell in Its Environment (pages 158-162) This section tells how things move into and out of cells. The Cell Membrane as Gatekeeper (page 158) 1. The cell

More information

Cells & Cell Organelles

Cells & Cell Organelles Cells & Cell Organelles The Building Blocks of Life H Biology Types of cells bacteria cells Prokaryote - no organelles Eukaryotes - organelles animal cells plant cells Cell size comparison Animal cell

More information

What are the similarities between this equation for burning glucose and the equation for cellular respiration of glucose when oxygen is available?

What are the similarities between this equation for burning glucose and the equation for cellular respiration of glucose when oxygen is available? Cellular Respiration in Yeast Adapted from Alcoholic Fermentation in Yeast Investigation in the School District of Philadelphia Biology Core Curriculum 2009 by Dr. Jennifer Doherty and Dr. Ingrid Waldron,

More information

Chapter 8 (Energy, Enzymes, Photosynthesis, & Cellular Respiration)

Chapter 8 (Energy, Enzymes, Photosynthesis, & Cellular Respiration) Chapter 8 (Energy, Enzymes, Photosynthesis, & Cellular Respiration) Learning Target 1: Matter and Energy - Understand how matter and energy are related and that cells have the ability to alter matter to

More information

Ch. 6 Cellular Respiration Period

Ch. 6 Cellular Respiration Period Ch. 6 Cellular Respiration Name Period California State Standards covered by this chapter: Cell Biology 1. The fundamental life processes of plants and animals depend on a variety of chemical reactions

More information

Photosynthesis takes place in three stages:

Photosynthesis takes place in three stages: Photosynthesis takes place in three stages: Light-dependent reactions Light-independent reactions The Calvin cycle 1. Capturing energy from sunlight 2. Using energy to make ATP and NADPH 3. Using ATP and

More information

2.5: Energy Flow in Ecosystems pg. 38. Radiant Energy: energy that travels through empty space.

2.5: Energy Flow in Ecosystems pg. 38. Radiant Energy: energy that travels through empty space. 2.5: Energy Flow in Ecosystems pg. 38 Radiant Energy: energy that travels through empty space. Producer: an organism that makes its own energy-rich food using the Sun s energy. Photosynthesis: the process

More information

Photosynthesis Practice. 2. Chlorophyll a and b absorb _B -_V and _R wavelengths of light best.

Photosynthesis Practice. 2. Chlorophyll a and b absorb _B -_V and _R wavelengths of light best. Photosynthesis Practice Fill in the blanks. Name Date Period 1. Molecules that collect light energy are called _P. 2. Chlorophyll a and b absorb _B -_V and _R wavelengths of light best. 3. _C is the main

More information

Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy

Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy 1 Chapter 3 Objectives Section 1: Chemical Compounds in Cells 1. Define elements and compounds 2. Explain how water is important to the function of cells 3. Identify

More information

Biology 20: Module 5 1 Assignment. Module 5 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Student Name:

Biology 20: Module 5 1 Assignment. Module 5 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Student Name: Biology 20: Module 5 1 Assignment Module 5 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Student Name: Biology 20: Module 5 2 Assignment Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 4 Lesson 5 Lesson 6 Lesson 7 Total Marks Total

More information

10. Yeast Respiration

10. Yeast Respiration Teacher Information 10. Yeast Respiration Objectives Students use yeast cells as a simple model for studying both aerobic and anaerobic cellular respiration. As part of this investigation, they: Analyze

More information

Cellular Respiration Review

Cellular Respiration Review MULTIPLE CHOICE: Circle ALL that are TRUE. There may be MORE THAN one correct answer. is the first step in cellular respiration that begins releasing energy stored in glucose. A. Alcoholic fermentation

More information

SQUADS #5. 9 th Grade Science

SQUADS #5. 9 th Grade Science SQUADS #5 CPW 9 th Grade Science Learning Intentions - Today, I am going to address these College Readiness Standards in Reading: 1. Interpretation of Data 24-27 2. Evaluation of Models, Inferences, and

More information

How is a Marathoner Different from a Sprinter? Long-distance runners have many slow fibers in their muscles

How is a Marathoner Different from a Sprinter? Long-distance runners have many slow fibers in their muscles How is a Marathoner Different from a Sprinter? Long-distance runners have many slow fibers in their muscles Slow fibers break down glucose aerobically (using oxygen) for ATP production These muscle cells

More information

Transfers of electrons during chemical reactions (oxidation-reduction reactions)

Transfers of electrons during chemical reactions (oxidation-reduction reactions) Transfers of electrons during chemical reactions (oxidation-reduction reactions) Relocation of electrons in food molecules releases energy which can be used to synthesize ATP ATP is used to do ALL types

More information

When a cow eats grass, the cow gets energy from the sun through the grass.

When a cow eats grass, the cow gets energy from the sun through the grass. Chapter 2 Section 1 Explain how living things get energy from the sun. Describe what happens during photosynthesis. What is plant food? Don't plants make their own food? plant food is fertilizer- it contains

More information

Energy and Life. Energy= the ability to do work. Autotrophs= use sunlight, CO 2, and water to make their own food (sugars) PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Energy and Life. Energy= the ability to do work. Autotrophs= use sunlight, CO 2, and water to make their own food (sugars) PHOTOSYNTHESIS Energy and Life Energy= the ability to do work Autotrophs= use sunlight, CO 2, and water to make their own food (sugars) PHOTOSYNTHESIS Heterotrophs= can t make their own food, they have to eat autotrophs

More information

Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis

Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis INTRODUCTION Respiration is important in maintaining the energy needs of the cell. In photosynthesis light energy is changed to chemical energy and stored in food.

More information