# Lesson 6. Unit 3. Building with Blocks. Area

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1 Math 5 Lesson 6 Area Building with Blocks Lian is making a fort for her action figures out of building blocks. She has 42 cm blocks. She wants to have the largest area possible. How can she arrange her blocks in a rectangle that gives the largest area? Lian knows that there are a lot of rectangles that she can make with the perimeter of 42 cm. She builds her fort with these side measures and puts them on grid paper: Lian decides that the fort that will give her the greatest area is 10 cm by 11 cm. The perimeter is 42 centimetres and the area is 110 cm 2. Math

2 Reflection Is there a way to predict the rectangle that will always have the greatest area? Objectives for this Lesson In this lesson you will explore the following concepts: Draw two or more rectangles for a given area Determine the shape with the greatest area for a given perimeter Determine the shape with the least area for a given perimeter Rectangles In Lesson 5 you learned that a rectangle is a parallelogram with four right angles. A square is a special rectangle that has 4 congruent sides. Parallelogram Rectangle Square In this Lesson you will use your knowledge of rectangle attributes to find the area of a rectangle. 3-54

3 Go online to complete the Concept Capsule about Estimating Area Using Concrete and Pictorial Representations (mm, cm and m). Area You learned that perimeter is the distance around a figure. Now you are going to learn about area. The definition of area is the number of square units needed to cover a flat surface. Area is used to measure many things. What if you need to buy carpet for your bedroom? You need to know how many square metres are in your bedroom. You will buy the correct amount of carpet for the floor if you know this measure. If your bedroom is 10 metres long and 8 metres wide you can use grid paper to help you find the area. Let each square equal one square metre. Count the squares inside the grid to find A = 80 m 2. That is the number of square metres in your room. Math

4 Example 1 Alyssa and her grandmother are going to make a garden. They have enough fencing to surround an area of 24 m 2. How many different rectangles can they make that have an area of 24 m 2? Begin by drawing all possibilities on grid paper. Remember, the area must be 24 m 2 and it must be shaped like a rectangle: The answer is: Alyssa and her grandmother can make 4 different rectangles with an area of 24 m 2. Reflection Did you find any others? 3-56

5 You shouldn t be able to. Notice that one of the two sides is increasing in order: Side 1 Side 2 Area Can the area of 24 m 2 be formed with one side length of 5? You can try but you will not find one. Reflection Can you figure out why? Area and Perimeter Many people confuse area with perimeter. There is a rhyme that you can remember to help you: Perimeter, perimeter, the distance around. Area, area, what s on the ground. Math

6 You need to explore the relationship between perimeter and area. This exploration will let you think about that. Let s Explore Exploration 1: Area and Perimeter Materials:, Lesson 6, Exploration 1 page from your Workbook, 4 sheets of Centimetre grid paper, Pencil 1. Create all rectangles that have a perimeter of 16 on the centimetre grid paper. 2. Record the side lengths, perimeter and area of each rectangle. 3. Create all rectangles that have a perimeter of 24 on the centimetre grid paper. You may need to tape two sheets of grid paper together for this. 4. Record the side lengths, perimeter and area of each rectangle. 5. What do you notice about the relationship between the side lengths as the area gets larger? 6. What do you notice about the relationship between the side lengths as the area gets smaller? 3-58

7 The following shapes all have an area of 16. Do they have the same perimeter? Find the perimeter of each figure. 8. Complete the table in your workbook for the given figures. 9. Create all rectangles that have an area of 36 cm 2 on your grid paper. You may need to tape two sheets of grid paper together for this. 10. Find the perimeter of each and record all values in the table given in your workbook. 11. What do you notice about the relationship between the side lengths as the perimeter gets larger? 12. What do you notice about the relationship between the side lengths as the perimeter gets smaller? Let s look at Alyssa s garden again. In your first design you were asked to draw as many rectangles as you could with an area of 24 m 2. Now let s design it in a different way. Math

8 Example 2 Alyssa has 24 m of fencing. How can she make the biggest area for her garden? Create or list all of the possible side lengths that form a perimeter of 24 m. List: 1 and 11 2 and 10 3 and 9 4 and 8 5 and 7 6 and 6 Create: Which one has the largest area?

9 You can make a table for the values since you will have to compare them in the end: Side 1 Side 2 Perimeter Area You should notice that the largest area is 36 square metres and it is in the shape of a square. The side lengths have the smallest difference of all the side lengths given. So how can she make the biggest area for her garden? Alyssa needs to make a square with 6 metres on each side. Let s Practice Go online to watch the Notepad Tutor: Construct Different Rectangles Given Either the Perimeter or Area. Turn in your Workbook to, Lesson 6 and complete 1 to 12. Math

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