Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide"

Transcription

1 Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Ecology Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Travel to the Arctic with a team of environmental research scientists to examine the effects of global climate change on the ecosystem s natural cycles. Students will discover how increases in greenhouse gasses caused by human activities have begun to transform the Earth s weather and water patterns. They ll see firsthand how these changes are threatening the Arctic and the rest of the planet. This program has one feature segment. Onscreen Questions What can layers of Arctic ice tell us about atmospheric changes that have occurred? How can human activities affect climate? How does early seasonal ice melt threaten some Arctic species? How might the melting of the polar ice caps affect life in the Arctic and elsewhere? Lesson Plan Student Objectives Discuss important terms related to global warming. Create a web connecting global warming, the Arctic, and world climate. Write a paragraph explaining the role of the Arctic in the world climate. Materials Biomes: Extreme Climate video and VCR, or DVD and DVD player Large index cards Pens Ball of string or yarn

2 Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide 2 Procedures 1. Before you begin this lesson, write each of these terms on a separate index card: global warming, greenhouse effect, Gulf Stream, ocean water, sea ice, glacier, permafrost, climate in western Europe, polar bear, large waves, fossil fuel, coastline erosion, SUV (sport-utility vehicle), methane, severe weather events (tornadoes, storms). 2. After watching Biomes: Extreme Climate, ask students to define the following terms: Arctic (region around the North Pole, including the Arctic Ocean and parts of North America, Asia, and Europe) climate (meteorological conditions temperature, precipitation, wind that characteristically prevail in a particular region) fossil fuel (a hydrocarbon deposit petroleum, coal, or natural gas derived from living matter of a previous geologic time and used for fuel; when burned, it releases carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases into the atmosphere) glacier (huge mass of ice and compacted snow, most often found at high altitudes and latitudes where snow accumulation exceeds melting) global warming (gradual increase of the temperature of Earth s lower atmosphere due to an increase in carbon dioxide, methane, and other heat-trapping gases) greenhouse effect (phenomenon whereby Earth s atmosphere traps solar radiation, caused by the presence of carbon dioxide, water vapor, and methane that allow incoming sunlight to pass through but absorb heat radiated from the surface) Note: The natural greenhouse effect makes our planet livable, but human activities are creating an enhanced greenhouse effect. Gulf Stream (current in the Atlantic Ocean that carries warm water from the Gulf of Mexico up the coast of North America and toward Europe; as it moves, it releases heat into the northern hemisphere) permafrost (soil or rock in polar regions that remains frozen year-round) sea ice (a layer of ice formed from seawater; it changes with the seasons and floats on the ocean, carried by winds and currents) 3. Have students sit in a large circle. Hand out an index card to every second or third student so they re evenly spaced around the circle. Explain that students will create a worldwide web to illustrate how the terms on their cards are connected. 4. Hand the ball of string to a student holding a card. Ask her or him to think of one way the term on the card is connected to a term on another card. Have the student explain the connection and then, holding onto the string, pass the ball to that student. The next student should do the same thing. Continue this activity until all terms have been connected and the web is visible. (Note: Several cards will be used more than once.) 5. Ask students who do not have cards to describe connections that weren t included in the web.

3 Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide 3 6. Students may make these connections: SUVs and other cars burn fossil fuels, which release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide contributes to global warming because it is a gas that traps heat in the atmosphere. Global warming is causing the Arctic sea ice to melt. The melting sea ice releases freshwater into the Gulf Stream. This would slow down the Gulf Stream, affecting the climate in Western Europe. Global warming is decreasing the amount of sea ice. With less sea ice, when the wind blows, ocean waves become much larger. Larger waves contribute to coastline erosion because they travel farther ashore and have more energy. Increased temperatures brought by global warming cause glaciers to melt. Water from the glaciers is added to ocean water, causing sea levels to rise. Ocean levels are also expanding because as global warming heats the water, it expands. Rising sea levels contribute to coastline erosion. Global warming is causing sea ice to form later in the fall and melt earlier in the spring. This threatens the survival of polar bears that depend on the ice to hunt seals, their primary food source, because they have fewer weeks of feeding 7. After this activity, ask students to write a paragraph explaining the following sentence: The Arctic is part of a larger climate system. They should use at least three supporting details in their paragraph. Assessment Use the following three-point rubric to evaluate students work during this lesson. Vocabulary 3 points: Students were active in class discussions; showed strong understanding of concepts; made at least one strong, clear connection between the terms; completed a thorough, thoughtful paragraph that included at least three supporting details. 2 points: Students participated in class discussions; showed satisfactory understanding of concepts; made one acceptable connection between the terms; completed an adequate paragraph that included two or three supporting details. 1 point: Students participated minimally in class discussions; showed minimal understanding of concepts; did not make acceptable connections between the terms; created an incomplete paragraph with one or no supporting details. Arctic Definition: Region around the North Pole, including the Arctic Ocean and parts of North America, Asia, and Europe Context: Global warming has had a devastating impact on the Arctic s geography and wildlife.

4 Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide 4 climate Definition: Meteorological conditions temperature, precipitation, wind that characteristically prevail in a particular region Context: Human activity is causing great changes in climate. fossil fuel Definition: A hydrocarbon deposit petroleum, coal, or natural gas derived from living matter of a previous geologic time and used for fuel Context: When burned, fossil fuels release carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases into the atmosphere. global warming Definition: Gradual increase of the temperature of Earth s lower atmosphere Context: Many scientists believe that global warming is caused by an increase of heat-trapping gases like carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. greenhouse effect Definition: Phenomenon whereby Earth s atmosphere traps solar radiation, caused by the presence of carbon dioxide, water vapor, and methane that allow incoming sunlight to pass through but absorb heat radiated from the surface Context: The natural greenhouse effect makes our planet livable, but human activities are creating an enhanced greenhouse effect that is changing global climate. Gulf Stream Definition: Major current in the Atlantic Ocean that carries warm water from the Gulf of Mexico up the coast of North America and toward Europe Context: As it flows, the Gulf Stream releases heat into the northern hemisphere. permafrost Definition: Soil or rock in polar regions that remains frozen year-round Context: Global warming is causing some permafrost to melt and erode coastlines. sea ice Definition: A layer of ice formed from seawater; it changes with seasons and floats on the ocean, carried by winds and currents Context: The thickness of sea ice varies, but on average it s about three-meters thick. Academic Standards National Academy of Sciences The National Science Education Standards provide guidelines for teaching science as well as a coherent vision of what it means to be scientifically literate for students in grades K-12. To view the standards, visit

5 Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide 5 This lesson plan addresses the following science standards: Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Populations, resources, and environments; Science and technology in society Life Science: Populations and ecosystems; Diversity and adaptations of organisms Physical Science: Properties and changes of properties in matter Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL) McREL's Content Knowledge: A Compendium of Standards and Benchmarks for K-12 Education addresses 14 content areas. To view the standards and benchmarks, visit This lesson plan addresses the following national standards: Science Life Sciences: Understands biological evolution and the diversity of life Language Arts Viewing: Uses viewing skills and strategies to understand and interpret visual media; Writing: Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process The National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) NCSS has developed national guidelines for teaching social studies. To become a member of NCSS, or to view the standards online, go to This lesson plan addresses the following thematic standards: People, Places, and Environments Science, Technology, and Society Support Materials Develop custom worksheets, educational puzzles, online quizzes, and more with the free teaching tools offered on the Discoveryschool.com Web site. Create and print support materials, or save them to a Custom Classroom account for future use. To learn more, visit DVD Content This program is available in an interactive DVD format. The following information and activities are specific to the DVD version.

6 Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide 6 How To Use the DVD The DVD starting screen has the following options: Play Video This plays the video from start to finish. There are no programmed stops, except by using a remote control. With a computer, depending on the particular software player, a pause button is included with the other video controls. Video Index Here the video is divided into four parts (see below), indicated by video thumbnail icons. Watching all parts in sequence is similar to watching the video from start to finish. Brief descriptions and total running times are noted for each part. To play a particular segment, press Enter on the remote for TV playback; on a computer, click once to highlight a thumbnail and read the accompanying text description and click again to start the video. Curriculum Units These are specially edited video segments pulled from different sections of the video (see below). These nonlinear segments align with key ideas in the unit of instruction. They include onscreen pre- and post-viewing questions, reproduced below in this Teacher s Guide. Total running times for these segments are noted. To play a particular segment, press Enter on the TV remote or click once on the Curriculum Unit title on a computer. Standards Link Selecting this option displays a single screen that lists the national academic standards the video addresses. Teacher Resources This screen gives the technical support number and Web site address. Video Index I. The Greenhouse Dilemma (7 min.) Global warming has started to transform the Earth s weather and water patterns. See how these changes threaten the Arctic and the rest of the planet. II. Global Climate System (15 min.) Examine the global climate system to learn how industrialized nations and the carbon dioxide emissions they produce have led to global warming. III. Going, Going, Gone (8 min.) Along with playing an important role in Arctic ecosystems, ice is a key factor in climate regulation. Explore the global effects of diminishing Arctic ice. IV. A Variable Climate (17 min.) See how scientists are using technology to construct climate-prediction models, which help them make informed decisions about our planet s future.

7 Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide 7 Curriculum Units 1. Climate Changes in the North Q: Why are natural greenhouse gases beneficial? A: Without them, the mean temperature on the planet would be minus 18 degrees Celsius. Because of these entirely natural compounds, the mean temperature is 15 degrees, which has facilitated the development of our civilization. Q: How has global warming affected Banks Island? A: By the 1990s, its summers had grown much warmer, contributing to landslides in the area. One lake has already disappeared, and another is on its way. The warmer temperatures have brought new species of birds and salmon to the island. 2. Predicting the Weather Q: What is climate? A: The average weather conditions of a particular place or region over a period of years, exhibited by temperature, precipitation, and wind Q: What does the global climate system do? A: It takes excess heat from equatorial and subtropical regions and transports it southward to Antarctica and northward to the Arctic. From the polar regions, the heat can go back into space. 3. The Polar Climate Q: If the polar ice cover disappears, what problems could result? Q: How much territory does ice cover at the poles? A: It covers 14 million square kilometers in winter, and about half that in summer. However, there is increasing evidence that the ice cover is permanently shrinking. Over the past 40 years, it appears to have lost 40 percent of its volume. 4. Carbon Emissions Q: Is global warming a natural or human-induced event? Q: Where do most carbon dioxide emissions come from? A: In industrialized countries, carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels comes equally from three sources: industrial production, motor vehicles, and domestic consumption.

8 Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide 8 5. Studying Carbon Sinks Q: What is a carbon sink? A: Oceans and forests that trap and store carbon dioxide emissions Q: Why is the Arctic an ideal place to study climate change? A: Its environment is particularly sensitive to climate change, so a small temperature change can trigger a large change in conditions, especially close to the freezing point of seawater. 6. Ocean Currents Q: Has global warming changed your climate? Q: How do ocean movements control global temperatures? A: Convection currents move heat around the planet. 7. A Fragile Balance Q: Why do polar bears eat more during the winter? Q: Why is ice essential to polar bears survival? A: Polar bears mainly feed when there is ice. Their principal food is the ring seal, which they hunt through the platforms of pack ice, when the seal is at its breathing hole. 8. An Unknown Ecosystem Q: Why do we know so little about the Arctic s marine ecosystem? Q: What life forms will inhabit the Arctic 100 years from now? 9. Predicting the Impact Q: Why is it important to research and study global warming?

9 Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide 9 Q: What do climate models predict for our future? A: The accepted scenario shows the planet s mean temperature increasing by three-and-a-half degrees, unevenly distributed. The largest warming would occur on the populated continents, and half the alpine glaciers would disappear. 10. Rising Waters Q: How do rising ocean levels affect us? Q: Why are ocean levels rising? A: Because almost all the glaciers in the Arctic region are melting, and the freed up water is going into the oceans. 11. A Variable Climate Q: What industries are affected by global warming? Q: What are the risks of global warming? A: A warmer climate and more frequent and extreme precipitation are among the projected risks. Scientists are afraid there will be more storms, tornadoes, and adverse weather patterns. 12. Preparing for the Future Q: Can we reverse global warming? Q: Do you agree that climate change and global security are linked?

Peacehaven Community School, East Sussex Independent KS3 study task: Impact of humans on global warming

Peacehaven Community School, East Sussex Independent KS3 study task: Impact of humans on global warming Independent KS3 study task: Impact of humans on global warming Newspaper article: Will polar bears become extinct? Polar bear by Ansgar Walk Polar bears live in the northern (Arctic) parts of Alaska, Canada,

More information

Weather and climate. reflect. what do you think? look out!

Weather and climate. reflect. what do you think? look out! reflect You re going on vacation in a week and you have to start thinking about what clothes you re going to pack for your trip. You ve read the weather reports for your vacation spot, but you know that

More information

Elements of Chemistry The Periodic Table Teacher s Guide

Elements of Chemistry The Periodic Table Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 9 12 Curriculum Focus: Physical Science Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Introduce students to the most important organizing tool of modern chemistry,

More information

Science Investigations: Investigating Astronomy Teacher s Guide

Science Investigations: Investigating Astronomy Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6 12 Curriculum Focus: Astronomy/Space Duration: 7 segments; 66 minutes Program Description This library of videos contains seven segments on celestial bodies and related science.

More information

GETTING TO THE CORE: THE LINK BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE

GETTING TO THE CORE: THE LINK BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE DESCRIPTION This lesson plan gives students first-hand experience in analyzing the link between atmospheric temperatures and carbon dioxide ( ) s by looking at ice core data spanning hundreds of thousands

More information

CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction. Overview. Seasons

CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction. Overview. Seasons CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction Fig. 6.11 Overview Atmosphere and ocean one interdependent system Solar energy creates winds Winds drive surface ocean currents and waves Examples of interactions: El Niño-Southern

More information

Teacher s Guide For. Glaciers and Ice Caps The Melting

Teacher s Guide For. Glaciers and Ice Caps The Melting Teacher s Guide For Glaciers and Ice Caps The Melting For grade 7 - College Program produced by Centre Communications, Inc. for Ambrose Video Publishing, Inc. Executive Producer William V. Ambrose Teacher's

More information

Elements of Physics Motion, Force, and Gravity Teacher s Guide

Elements of Physics Motion, Force, and Gravity Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 9 12 Curriculum Focus: Physical Science Lesson Duration: Three class periods Program Description Examine Isaac Newton's laws of motion, the four fundamental forces of the universe,

More information

Our Coasts and Climate

Our Coasts and Climate GRADE: adaptable for all levels BY: Jill Rivero, MA Science Educator for the Wyland Foundation OBJECTIVE: Students will understand the difference between warm salty water near the ocean s surface and cold,

More information

Elements of Physics: Energy, Work, and Power Teacher s Guide

Elements of Physics: Energy, Work, and Power Teacher s Guide : Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 9 12 Curriculum Focus: Physical Science Lesson Duration: Three class periods Program Description Much of our success as an industrialized society stems from our ability to

More information

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence shows us that our climate is

More information

Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming

Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming Introduction This chapter compromises a set of activities, which focus on the reasons for and the consequences of global warming and ways of preventing it. The activities

More information

Animal Colors and Shapes Teacher s Guide

Animal Colors and Shapes Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: K 2 Curriculum Focus: Math, Science Lesson Duration: 1 2 class periods Program Description Animals come in all colors, shapes, and sizes. Learn about the shapes animals have

More information

Discovering Math: Prediction and Probability Teacher s Guide

Discovering Math: Prediction and Probability Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: K 2 Curriculum Focus: Mathematics Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Discovering Math: Prediction and Probability From likelihood to frequency to prediction,

More information

Discovering Math: Data and Graphs Teacher s Guide

Discovering Math: Data and Graphs Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: K 2 Curriculum Focus: Mathematics Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Discovering Math: Data and Graphs From simple graphs to sampling to determining what

More information

Heat and Temperature: Teacher s Guide

Heat and Temperature: Teacher s Guide Heat and Temperature: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Physical Science Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Humans have always been feverish about temperature. But

More information

Understanding weather and climate

Understanding weather and climate Understanding weather and climate Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence

More information

Endemic and Introduced Species Lesson Plan

Endemic and Introduced Species Lesson Plan Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Ecosystems and Biomes Lesson Duration: Two class periods Student Objectives Materials Understand and apply the term endemic to animal and plant life, meaning native,

More information

Arctic Animals and a Changing Climate

Arctic Animals and a Changing Climate Arctic Animals and a Changing Climate Learn about the effects of a changing climate on the Arctic ecosystem and four of its well-known mammals: the polar bear, the walrus, the Arctic fox and the beluga

More information

6.4 Taigas and Tundras

6.4 Taigas and Tundras 6.4 Taigas and Tundras In this section, you will learn about the largest and coldest biomes on Earth. The taiga is the largest land biome and the tundra is the coldest. The taiga The largest land biome

More information

Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide

Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Earth Science Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Once, the power of volcanoes was thought to be the work

More information

Discovery Science Library The Basics: Life Science Teacher s Guide

Discovery Science Library The Basics: Life Science Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6 8 Curriculum Focus: Life Science Lesson Duration: Three class periods Program Description From DNA and viruses to seed dispersal and the circulatory system, introduce middle

More information

CARBON THROUGH THE SEASONS

CARBON THROUGH THE SEASONS DESCRIPTION In this lesson plan, students learn about the carbon cycle and understand how concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) in the Earth s atmosphere vary as the seasons change. Students also learn

More information

3 Temperate and Polar Zones

3 Temperate and Polar Zones Name CHAPTER 17 Class Date Climate SECTION 3 Temperate and Polar Zones BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What biomes are found in the temperate

More information

Pre-lab Homework Lab 10: Global Warming Prior to lab, answer the following questions to help you become prepared for the lab.

Pre-lab Homework Lab 10: Global Warming Prior to lab, answer the following questions to help you become prepared for the lab. Lab Section: Name: Pre-lab Homework Prior to lab, answer the following questions to help you become prepared for the lab. 1. You will be calculating your carbon footprint as part of lab (an estimate of

More information

ChangE. PolICIEs. not the ClIMatE!

ChangE. PolICIEs. not the ClIMatE! ChangE PolICIEs not the ClIMatE! IPCC The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change s (IPCC) reports are the most comprehensive global overview to date of the science behind climate change. These climate

More information

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Section 1: Community Ecology Section 2: Terrestrial Biomes Section 3: Aquatic Ecosystems Click on a lesson name to select. 3.1 Community Ecology Communities A biological

More information

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved.

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

Climate Change is Underway Lesson Plan

Climate Change is Underway Lesson Plan Climate Change is Underway Lesson Plan For Teachers: The following is a lesson plan designed to be used with section of the Climate Change material entitled Climate Change is Underway from the After Earth

More information

The Polar Climate Zones

The Polar Climate Zones The Polar Climate Zones How cold is it in the polar climate? Polar areas are the coldest of all the major climate zones The Sun is hardly ever high enough in the sky to cause the plentiful ice to melt,

More information

Periodic Table of the Elements Nonmetals Teacher s Guide

Periodic Table of the Elements Nonmetals Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 9 12 Curriculum Focus: Physical Science Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description are essential to the world around us, from the air we breathe to the ground we

More information

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate?

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? In Learning Set 2, you explored how water heats up more slowly than land and also cools off more slowly than land. Weather is caused by events in the atmosphere.

More information

Polar Bears on Ice. Time Required: 60 minutes with a possible extension into a second period

Polar Bears on Ice. Time Required: 60 minutes with a possible extension into a second period Polar Bears on Ice Lesson Overview: Many unforeseen consequences are arising from global warming, some of them in the polar areas of the world. Even polar bears are being affected by higher temperatures

More information

Algae Plankton Arctic Cod Seals Polar Bears

Algae Plankton Arctic Cod Seals Polar Bears Why is Climate Change such a Hot issue for the North Pole? Student Handout Scientists expect northern regions to warm up more than other parts of the world as the Earth s climate changes. If you have flown

More information

degrees Fahrenheit. Scientists believe it's human activity that's driving the temperatures up, a process

degrees Fahrenheit. Scientists believe it's human activity that's driving the temperatures up, a process Global Warming For 2.5 million years, the earth's climate has fluctuated, cycling from ice ages to warmer periods. But in the last century, the planet's temperature has risen unusually fast, about 1.2

More information

Climate Change and Biomes

Climate Change and Biomes Climate Change and Biomes Key Concepts: Greenhouse Gas WHAT YOU WILL LEARN Biome Climate zone Greenhouse gases 1. You will learn the difference between weather and climate. 2. You will analyze the effect

More information

Earth Science: Volcanoes Teacher s Guide

Earth Science: Volcanoes Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6 8 Curriculum Focus: Earth Science Lesson Duration: 3 class periods Program Description Just beneath Earth s crust lies a ball of molten rock, kept semi-liquid thanks to heat

More information

Math at Work: Careers Teacher s Guide

Math at Work: Careers Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 9 12 Curriculum Focus: Math Lesson Duration: 2 3 class periods Program Description Math at Work: Careers From architecture and artistry to skateboarding and soccer, take students

More information

Ch. 7 - Geographical Ecology, Climate & Biomes

Ch. 7 - Geographical Ecology, Climate & Biomes Ch. 7 - Geographical Ecology, Climate & Biomes Weather - the short term properties of the troposphere at a given place and time. Climate - the average long-term weather of an area. averaged over a long

More information

MAJOR DOMAINS OF THE EARTH

MAJOR DOMAINS OF THE EARTH BAL BHARATI PUBLIC SCHOOL, PITAMPURA, DELHI 110034 UNIT TEST II CLASS 6 SOCIAL SCIENCE MAJOR DOMAINS OF THE EARTH Q1. What is Lithosphere? The solid portion of the earth on which we live is called the

More information

Using Real-Life Data to Understand Climate Change By: Margy Goodman

Using Real-Life Data to Understand Climate Change By: Margy Goodman Using Real-Life Data to Understand Climate Change By: Margy Goodman INTRODUCTION This lesson is aimed at increasing students general knowledge of climate change on local, national, and global scales, and

More information

climate science A SHORT GUIDE TO This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science.

climate science A SHORT GUIDE TO This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science. A SHORT GUIDE TO climate science This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science. For more information and to view the full report, visit royalsociety.org/policy/climate-change

More information

The Earth System. The geosphere is the solid Earth that includes the continental and oceanic crust as well as the various layers of Earth s interior.

The Earth System. The geosphere is the solid Earth that includes the continental and oceanic crust as well as the various layers of Earth s interior. The Earth System The atmosphere is the gaseous envelope that surrounds Earth. It consists of a mixture of gases composed primarily of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water vapor. The atmosphere and

More information

Periodic Table of the Elements Transition Metals III Teacher s Guide

Periodic Table of the Elements Transition Metals III Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide oneone oee Grade Level: 9 12 Curriculum Focus: Physical Science Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description The diversity of transition metals provides versatility in their practical

More information

Water Cycle Webquest

Water Cycle Webquest Grade 7 Science Calamity Day #8 Water Cycle Webquest In early 2014, NASA will launch an important satellite that will enable us to learn more about our home planet. The Global Precipitation Measurement

More information

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Section A: Climate 1. (a) Explain what each of the following means: (4 x 1 mark) (i) climate the average weather of an area over a 25 30 year period (ii) maritime

More information

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth.

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth. The Earth is wrapped in a blanket of air called the atmosphere, which is made up of several layers of gases. The sun is much hotter than the Earth and it gives off rays of heat (radiation) that travel

More information

Chapter Overview. Seasons. Earth s Seasons. Distribution of Solar Energy. Solar Energy on Earth. CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction

Chapter Overview. Seasons. Earth s Seasons. Distribution of Solar Energy. Solar Energy on Earth. CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction Chapter Overview CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction The atmosphere and the ocean are one independent system. Earth has seasons because of the tilt on its axis. There are three major wind belts in each hemisphere.

More information

Geography affects climate.

Geography affects climate. KEY CONCEPT Climate is a long-term weather pattern. BEFORE, you learned The Sun s energy heats Earth s surface unevenly The atmosphere s temperature changes with altitude Oceans affect wind flow NOW, you

More information

Facts on Arctic Climate Change

Facts on Arctic Climate Change Facts on Arctic Climate Change A Summary of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment ARCTIC CLIMATE CHANGE will not only affect local people and ecosystems but also the rest of the world, because the Arctic

More information

Culture and Math Colonial America Teacher s Guide

Culture and Math Colonial America Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 10 12 Curriculum Focus: Social Studies Lesson Duration: Three class periods Program Description As the economy of colonial America grew, a basic understanding of business math

More information

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE 1. What is climate change? Climate change is a long-term shift in the climate of a specific location, region or planet. The shift is measured by changes in features associated

More information

EARTH S ATMOSPHERE AND ITS SEASONS

EARTH S ATMOSPHERE AND ITS SEASONS EARTH S ATMOSPHERE AND ITS SEASONS Provided by Tasa Graphic Arts, Inc. for Earthʼs Atmosphere and Its Seasons CD-ROM http://www.tasagraphicarts.com/progeas.html 1.The Importance of Weather (wx) The U.S.

More information

Lesson Plan Simulating the Greenhouse Effect in a Terrarium.

Lesson Plan Simulating the Greenhouse Effect in a Terrarium. Lesson Plan Simulating the Greenhouse Effect in a Terrarium. Content Standards: 1. Matter and Energy in the Earth System Central Concepts 1.1 Identify Earth s principal sources of internal and external

More information

Pendemonium Star Words: Apostrophes and Double Negatives Teacher s Guide

Pendemonium Star Words: Apostrophes and Double Negatives Teacher s Guide Star Words: Apostrophes and Double Negatives Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6 8 Curriculum Focus: Language Arts Lesson Duration: One class period Program Description Learn about apostrophes and double negatives

More information

Great Books: The Grapes of Wrath Teacher s Guide

Great Books: The Grapes of Wrath Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 9 12 Curriculum Focus: Literature Lesson Duration: One class period Program Description Follow the Joad family as they migrate from Oklahoma to California during the Great

More information

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Section A: Climate 1. (a) Explain what each of the following means: (4 marks) (i) climate (ii) maritime (iii) temperate (iv) tropical (b) Match the description with

More information

Worksheet A Environmental Problems

Worksheet A Environmental Problems Worksheet A Environmental Problems Vocabulary Can you talk about Environmental issues in English? With a partner, try to explain the terms in the diagram below. Why are the words divided into two groups

More information

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions

More information

Materials Needed: Time Needed: Adaptations: 2 flyswatters (optional) Vocabulary Definitions (below) Vocabulary Scramble Sheets (below)

Materials Needed: Time Needed: Adaptations: 2 flyswatters (optional) Vocabulary Definitions (below) Vocabulary Scramble Sheets (below) Vocabulary Slap Game ( Flyswatter Game ) Directions: Project a Vocabulary Scramble sheet on a projection screen or Smart Board. Divide the class into two teams. Each team sends one person up to the screen.

More information

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 HEALTH Kindergarten: Grade 1: Grade 2: Know that litter can spoil the environment. Grade 3: Grade 4:

More information

Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide

Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to creating

More information

Molecular Vibrations. Outline Molecular Vibrations Absorbing Gases Effect on Climate Homework

Molecular Vibrations. Outline Molecular Vibrations Absorbing Gases Effect on Climate Homework Greenhouse Gases Heat released from the Earth's surface can be absorbed by certain atmospheric molecules. These molecules later release the heat in all directions, effectively trapping some it. The concentration

More information

Great Books: Tales of Edgar Allan Poe Teacher s Guide

Great Books: Tales of Edgar Allan Poe Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 9-12 Curriculum Focus: Literature Lesson Duration: 1 2 class periods Program Description Explore the psychology of terror in some of Poe s most-haunting tales. Interwoven through

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Water in Earth s Processes. (Approximate Time: 5-6 Weeks)

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Water in Earth s Processes. (Approximate Time: 5-6 Weeks) The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

Orbital-Scale Climate Change

Orbital-Scale Climate Change Orbital-Scale Climate Change Climate Needed for Ice Age Warm winter and non-frozen oceans so lots of evaporation and snowfall Cool summer so that ice does not melt Ice Age Model When ice growing ocean

More information

Section 3 What Is Climate?

Section 3 What Is Climate? Section 3 What Is Climate? Key Concept Earth s climate zones are caused by the distribution of heat around Earth s surface by wind and ocean currents. What You Will Learn Climate is the average weather

More information

Paul J Hezel Contributing Author: Ch 12, Tech Summary, SPM. Yann Arthus-Bertrand / Altitude

Paul J Hezel Contributing Author: Ch 12, Tech Summary, SPM. Yann Arthus-Bertrand / Altitude IPCC IPCC AR5 AR5 WGI WGI :: Polar Polar Regions Regions Polar Amplification Amplification,, Permafrost, Permafrost, Sea ice changes changes Paul J Hezel Contributing Author: Ch 12, Tech Summary, SPM Yann

More information

Energy from the Sun. Objectives: Materials:

Energy from the Sun. Objectives: Materials: AK Target grades: 3-5 AK GLEs: Reading [3] 1.4.1 [4/5] 2.4.1 [3] 1.6.1 [3] 1.6.2 [4/5] 2.6.2 Set up time: 15 minutes Class time: About one class session Overview: The teacher will provide a basic summary

More information

Discovering Math: Number Concepts Teacher s Guide

Discovering Math: Number Concepts Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 3 5 Curriculum Focus: Mathematics Lesson Duration: Three class periods Program Description Discovering Math: Number Concepts From prime and composite numbers to fractions and

More information

GLOBAL WARMING: THE SIGNS AND THE SCIENCE

GLOBAL WARMING: THE SIGNS AND THE SCIENCE GLOBAL WARMING: THE SIGNS AND THE SCIENCE PBS Home Video Host: Alanis Morissette Corporate Funding (always check out sponsors to determine the possibility of advocacy and influence by sponsors) Toyota

More information

Review 1. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Review 1. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Review 1 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When hydrogen nuclei fuse into helium nuclei a. the nuclei die. c. particles collide. b. energy

More information

Invention: Recycling: Teacher s Guide

Invention: Recycling: Teacher s Guide Invention: Recycling: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Earth Science Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Thirteen-year-old Casey Golden invented a biodegradable golf

More information

READING COMPREHENSION I SIR ISAAC NEWTON

READING COMPREHENSION I SIR ISAAC NEWTON READING COMPREHENSION I SIR ISAAC NEWTON Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) was an English scientist who made great contributions to physics, optics, maths and astronomy. He is known for his Three Laws of Motion

More information

S3: How Do Seasonal Temperature Patterns Vary Among Different Regions of the World?

S3: How Do Seasonal Temperature Patterns Vary Among Different Regions of the World? S3: How Do Seasonal Temperature Patterns Vary Among Different Regions of the World? Purpose Students use GLOBE visualizations to display student data on maps and to learn about seasonal changes in regional

More information

Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth

Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth Lesson 1: Layers of the Earth 1. Atmosphere is the layer of gases that surrounds the planet 2. Clouds are in this layer 3. Atmosphere contains gases

More information

The Jeff Corwin Experience: South America A Rain Forest Ecosystem Teacher s Guide

The Jeff Corwin Experience: South America A Rain Forest Ecosystem Teacher s Guide The Jeff Corwin Experience: South America A Rain Forest Ecosystem Teacher s Guide Grade Level: K-8 Curriculum Focus: Life Science Lesson Duration: Three class periods Program Jeff explores the fabled Zancudo

More information

Discovering Math: Using and Collecting Data Teacher s Guide

Discovering Math: Using and Collecting Data Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 3-5 Curriculum Focus: Mathematics Lesson Duration: Four class periods Program Description Discovering Math: Using and Collecting Data From data points and determining spread

More information

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to:

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to: Grade 7 Objective Students will be able to: Describe the carbon cycle in more detail: o Learn about the importance of carbon and the role it plays in photosynthesis and cellular respiration, Identify elements

More information

Earth Systems. atmosphere, geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere. Made by Liesl at homeschoolden.com

Earth Systems. atmosphere, geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere. Made by Liesl at homeschoolden.com Earth Systems atmosphere, geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere You may make as many copies as you need for your homeschool or classroom. Feel free to link to the original post. Feel free to use the image

More information

Great Books: Freud s Interpretation of Dreams Teacher s Guide

Great Books: Freud s Interpretation of Dreams Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 9-12 Curriculum Focus: Human Body Lesson Duration: One class period Program Description Using a unique series of dream sequence reenactments based on Freud's revolutionary

More information

Ocean and Weather. Name: Period: Date: Essential Question: How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land?

Ocean and Weather. Name: Period: Date: Essential Question: How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land? Ocean and Weather Name: Period: Date: Essential Question: How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land? On the left is the Illustration of major ocean currents throughout the globe. Ocean currents

More information

Thermal Expansion and Sea Level Rise

Thermal Expansion and Sea Level Rise Thermal Expansion and Sea Level Rise A demonstration or group activity directed at grade levels 5 9 Activity Summary: This activity provides an opportunity for students to investigate how thermal expansion

More information

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Before You Read Before you read the chapter, respond to these statements. 1. Write an A if you agree with the statement. 2. Write a D if you disagree with the statement.

More information

World War II: Causes and Consequences: Teacher s Guide

World War II: Causes and Consequences: Teacher s Guide World War II: Causes and Consequences: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: U.S. History Lesson Duration: Two to three class periods Program Description Examine Hitler s occupation of Europe

More information

Graphing Sea Ice Extent in the Arctic and Antarctic

Graphing Sea Ice Extent in the Arctic and Antarctic Graphing Sea Ice Extent in the Arctic and Antarctic Summary: Students graph sea ice extent (area) in both polar regions (Arctic and Antarctic) over a three-year period to learn about seasonal variations

More information

MAJOR DOMAINS OF THE EARTH

MAJOR DOMAINS OF THE EARTH 5 MAJOR DOMAINS OF THE EARTH Word Origin In the Greek language, Lithos means Stone; Atmos means Vapour; Hudor means Water; and Bios means Life. Can you make words using the above? As you have read in the

More information

Grade 4 Standard 1 Unit Test Water Cycle. Multiple Choice. 1. Where is most water found on Earth? A. in glaciers B. in lakes C. in rivers D.

Grade 4 Standard 1 Unit Test Water Cycle. Multiple Choice. 1. Where is most water found on Earth? A. in glaciers B. in lakes C. in rivers D. Grade 4 Standard 1 Unit Test Water Cycle Multiple Choice 1. Where is most water found on Earth? A. in glaciers B. in lakes C. in rivers D. in oceans 2. What source of energy evaporates the most water from

More information

Weathering, erosion, and deposition shape Earth s surface.

Weathering, erosion, and deposition shape Earth s surface. Chapter 8 Weathering, erosion, and deposition shape Earth s surface. Lesson 1: Weathering Rocks exposed at Earth s surface are broken down into sediment and soils by the action of weathering. Lesson 2:

More information

Activity Title: How is Coastal Temperature Influenced by the Great Lakes and the Ocean?

Activity Title: How is Coastal Temperature Influenced by the Great Lakes and the Ocean? BEST OF COSEE HANDS-ON ACTIVITIES Activity Title: How is Coastal Temperature Influenced by the Great Lakes and the Ocean? Learning Objectives The ocean is a major influence on weather and climate. With

More information

Climate Change on the Prairie:

Climate Change on the Prairie: Climate Change on the Prairie: A Basic Guide to Climate Change in the High Plains Region - UPDATE Global Climate Change Why does the climate change? The Earth s climate has changed throughout history and

More information

Overview. Background

Overview. Background Arctic Survivor LESSON GRADE LEVEL 7-12 CATEGORY Energy, Atmosphere & Climate TOPIC Climate Change TIME Warm-up: 10 60 minutes (research option dependent) Activity: 50 minutes, including debrief Wrap-up:

More information

Jessica Blunden, Ph.D., Scientist, ERT Inc., Climate Monitoring Branch, NOAA s National Climatic Data Center

Jessica Blunden, Ph.D., Scientist, ERT Inc., Climate Monitoring Branch, NOAA s National Climatic Data Center Kathryn Sullivan, Ph.D, Acting Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator Thomas R. Karl, L.H.D., Director,, and Chair of the Subcommittee on Global Change Research Jessica

More information

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS NAME THE SIX MAJOR CLIMATE REGIONS DESCRIBE EACH CLIMATE REGION TELL THE FIVE FACTORS THAT AFFECT CLIMATE EXPLAIN HOW THOSE FACTORS AFFECT CLIMATE DESCRIBE HOW CLIMATES

More information

Effects of Climate Change

Effects of Climate Change Effects of Climate Change LESSON 3 Guiding Question: What are the effects of climate change? State ways in which the warming atmosphere affects ecosystems and organisms. Explain how climate change is affecting

More information

SIXTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SIXTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SIXTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Evaluating components of the water cycle. LAB: Experimenting with porosity and permeability.

More information

KS3 Renewable Energy. EcoStyle.co.uk. Introductory Presentation

KS3 Renewable Energy. EcoStyle.co.uk. Introductory Presentation Introductory Presentation Energy Energy is a vital to our way of life. Here are a some examples of where energy is used: Homes: central heating, powering electrical appliances, and heating water Public

More information

Ocean in Motion 4: Carbon dioxide - Can Plants Stop Global Warming?

Ocean in Motion 4: Carbon dioxide - Can Plants Stop Global Warming? Ocean in Motion 4: Carbon dioxide - Can Plants Stop Global Warming? A) OVERVIEW 1. The Ocean in Motion -- Carbon Dioxide and Global Warming In this program students will explore mechanisms of the carbon

More information

Global Climate Change WebQuest

Global Climate Change WebQuest Global Climate Change WebQuest In this activity, students explore key indicators of global climate change and consider strategies for adaptation/mitigation. This activity could be used before global climate

More information

BBC Learning English Talk about English Insight plus Part 3 Global Warming

BBC Learning English Talk about English Insight plus Part 3 Global Warming BBC Learning English Insight plus Part 3 Global Warming Jackie: Welcome to BBC Learning English dot com and another chance to hear Insight Plus - a series, first broadcast in 2001 that looks at the language

More information