Sexual Ethics in Islam

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1 Sexual Ethics in Islam Slide 1

2 Uniqueness of Humanity Humanity is not like other species for it has been created with a different disposition, multiple potentialities, and various mental and spiritual faculties. God has inculcated senses and emotional impulses in human nature so that humanity could survive on earth. Humans evolve spiritually and mentally by disciplining unchecked desires and transforming each one into a virtue in order to develop into being a true, perfect human. Slide 2

3 Uniqueness of Humanity Therefore the ultimate purpose of creation of a human being is to engage in a personal relationship with God through belief, worship and good deeds. Realising this purpose requires self-discipline. Islam provides a set of teachings and principles which every individual can use to achieve success in this life and the next. Slide 3

4 The Qur an Declares Fair in the eyes of men is the love of things they covet: women and sons; heaped-up hoards of gold and silver; horses branded (for blood and excellence); and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled land. Such are the enjoyments of this world's life; but in nearness to Allah is the best of the goals (to return to). (Qur an, 3:14) Slide 4

5 Male and Female Complement Each Other In the Qur'an, God tells us that man and woman are designed physically and emotionally complement one another; "They are your garments and ye are their garments." (Qur an, 2:187) Slide 5

6 Male and Female Complement Each Other "And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts): verily in that are Signs for those who reflect." (Qur an, 30:21) Slide 6

7 Everything is in Pairs The Qur an also talks about the fact that everything is created in pairs: Glory be to Him Who created pairs of all things, of what the earth grows, and of their kind and what they do not know. (Qur'an, 36:36) Slide 7

8 Sexual Harassment Islam prohibits people from staring lustfully at people of the opposite sex, for the eye is the door to feelings, and a lustful gaze magnifies desires. The Qur'an declares; "Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And God is well acquainted with all that they do. And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty... (Qur an, 24:30-31) Slide 8

9 Sex Outside Marriage The relationship may produce a child. The mother of the child (and the society) would be left with the liability of looking after the child. This has serious consequences, especially in societies without a welfare system where abandoned children provide examples of tragic humanitarian neglect. Slide 9

10 Effects on Children There is a high risk the child would not know who his or her father is and would come to the world inherently disadvantaged. The child s basic human rights would be violated even before entering the world scene. In Islam, a child has the right to know who his or her parents are. This right cannot be taken away from the child. Slide 10

11 Therefore It is for these reasons that Islam does not approve of sexual relationships outside of marriage. That is, Islam seeks to protect women s and unborn children s welfare and rights. Islam proposes marriage as the means of satisfying one s sexual and personal needs. "And do not approach adultery and fornication; indeed it is an abomination and an evil way. (Qur an 17:32) Slide 11

12 Homosexuality Slide 12

13 Same Sex Relations Homosexuality is very similar to the case of sex outside of marriage in that Islam prohibits homosexual relationships. Just as it is not right to make people of homosexual orientation as outcasts of society and oppress them, from an Islamic perspective, it is not considered right for gay people to marry their partners or adopt children to appear as ordinary families. Slide 13

14 Three Categories Islam s view on homosexuality can be summarised in three broad categories. Slide 14

15 First Category Homosexual relationships practised by bisexual individuals and omnisexual people who do not care with whom they have a sexual intercourse as long as they satisfy their insatiable libido. This category is clearly prohibited in Islam, as it is clear that there has been a choice to engage in homosexual relations when a heterosexual relationship could equally be chosen. Slide 15

16 Second Category Individuals who have physical traits of both sexes (hermaphrodites). Islam gives them the choice of selecting the sexual identity they prefer. Slide 16

17 Third Category Individuals who are sexually attracted to the same sex and have no attraction to the opposite sex. There is currently evidence to suggest that this condition situation is genetic. Islam still considers it a sin if a person in this state commits homosexual acts particularly intercourse. But because this is a tough test, Islam recommends a person in this case to be patient and promises the reward of Paradise for the inherently disadvantaged condition the person may be in. Slide 17

18 But He Loves God and His Prophet Islam treats sinners with compassion and views them as people in need of support rather than alienation. Say: "O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah. For Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Qur an, 39:53) When a person spoke critically of a person for committing adultery, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) stopped him by saying, but he loves God and His Prophet. Slide 18

19 Ordination of Gay People As there are no religious clergy in Islam, the issue of the ordination of gay people, or for that matter, women in religious posts does not arise. Scholarly knowledge and authority as well as pious spirituality is more important to Muslims then the gender or sexual orientation of the scholar. Public confessionalism is seen as a moral weakness. Slide 19

20 In Conclusion Islam is not against the satisfaction of sexual desires in the form of a legitimate marriage. This is the balanced path between the two extremes of no sexual desires (impotence) and having indiscriminate sexual activity with just about anyone. Any physical desire unchecked eventually becomes self-destructive for the person and the society. Slide 20

21 End Slide 21

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