Review of the Knee Joint

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1 Review of the Knee Joint

2 Name the ligament

3 Name the muscle and its action(s) Semitendinosus Action: Flexion of the knee Internal rotation of the knee

4 1. Vastus Medialis Rectus Femoris Vastus Lateralis 3.

5 Tibia & Fibula? =? =? = Medial condyle Lateral condyle Head of fibula

6 What tendons are part of the pes anserinus? sartorius, gracilis, semitendonosus

7 Name the muscle and its action Sartorius Action: Flexion at the knee

8 Posterior Name the muscle and one action Gastrocnemius Flexion of the knee

9 Name the muscle and its action(s) Semimembranosus Action: Flexion of the knee Internal rotation of the knee

10 1. Anterior cruciate ligament 2. Lateral collateral ligament 3. Lateral meniscus 4. Posterior cruciate ligament 5. Medial collateral ligament 6. Medial meniscus

11 Name the muscle and its action Popliteus Action: Flexion of knee Internal rotation of the knee

12 1 = Lateral Meniscus 2 = Patella 3 = Medial meniscus

13 Name the colored muscles Vastus medialis Rectus femoris Vastus lateralis 1 2 3

14 Femur? =? =? = Lateral condyle Medial condyle Intercondylar fossa

15 Name the muscle and its action Gracilis Action - flexion at the knee

16 = Vastus lateralis 2. = Rectus femoris 3. = Vastus medialis

17 What is the Q angle? The angle between the line of pull of the rectus femoris and the patellar ligament.

18 Review Define screw home movement. Locking of the knee during full extension and external rotation. Which type of rotation occurs during unlocking of the knee? Internal rotation and flexion

19 = Anterior cruciate ligament 2. = Lateral collateral 3. = Lateral meniscus 3. = Medial collateral 4. = Medial mieniscus

20 Name the muscles. 1 = Vastus lateralis 1. 2 = Vastus intermedius 2. 3 = Vastus medialis 3.

21 ? =? = Head Lateral malleolus Fibula

22 Name the muscles 1. Semitendonosis 2. Biceps femoris 3. Semimembrano sis

23 Name the muscle and its action Biceps femoris Action: Flexion of knee External rotation of the knee

24 Tibia? =? =? = Medial condyle Lateral condyle Tibial tuberosicty

25 Name two functions of the menisci. 1. Stabilization 1. Shock absorption 2. Lubrication

26 Name the muscle and its action(s) Sartorius Action: Flexion at the knee

27 Questions What is a uniarticulate muscle? A muscle that crosses one joint What is a biarticulate muscle? A muscle that crosses two joints. What is a disadvantage of a biarticulate muscle? They are weaker during movement at both of the joints.

28 = Lateral meniscus 2 = Medial meniscus

29 Femur 1. Medial condyle 2. Lateral condyle 3. Intercondylar fossa

30 Name the muscle and its action(s) Popliteus Action: Flexion of the knee Internal rotation of the knee

31 Tibia Lateral condyle 2. Medial condyle

32 Name the muscle and its action Biceps femoris Action: Flexion of knee External rotation of the knee

33 Fibula Head Proximal Head Distal

34 Name the muscles and its action 1. Vastus lateralis 2. Vastus intermedius 3. Vastus medialis Action: Extension of the knee 3.

35 LIGAMENTS ACL 2. Lat. Collat. 3. Lat. Men. 4. PCL 5. Med. Collat. 6. Med. Men.

36 Meniscus ACL 2. Lateral men. 3. PCL 4. Medial men. 3

37 Name the muscle and its action Rectus femoris Action: Extension of knee

38 Name the muscle and its action(s) Muscle: Sartorius Action: Flexion at the knee

39 Name the muscle and its action(s) Semimembranos\us Action: Flexion of the knee

40 1. Anterior cruciate ligament 2. Lateral collateral ligament 3. Lateral meniscus 4. Posterior cruciate ligament 5. Medial collateral ligament 6. Medial meniscus

41 Name the muscle and its action(s) Rectus femoris Actions: Extension of the knee

42 1 = PCL 2 = Lateral meniscus 3 = ACL 4 = Medial meniscus

43 Name the colored muscles 2 = Vastus lateralis 1 = Rectus femoris 4 = Vastus medialis

44 ? =? =? = Lateral condyle Medial condyle Intercondylar fossa

45 Name the muscle and its action(s) Gracilis Action - flexion at the knee

46 1. Biceps femoris 2. Biceps femoris 3. Semitendonosis 4. Semimembranosis

47 ? =? =? = Medial condyle Lateral condyle Medial Malleolus

48 = Vastus lateralis 2. = Rectus femoris 3. = Vastus medialis

49 Name the muscle and its action(s) Semitendinosus Action: Flexion of the knee

50 1. = Anterior cruciate ligament 2. = Lateral collateral 3. = Lateral meniscus 3. = Medial collateral 4. = Medial mieniscus

51 Name the muscles. 1 = Vastus lateralis 1. 2 = Vastus intermedius 2. 3 = Vastus medialis 3.

52 ? =? = Head Lateral malleolus

53 Name the muscle and its action(s) Biceps femoris Action: Flexion of knee

54 ? =? =? = Medial condyle Lateral condyle Medial Malleolus

55 Name the muscle and its action(s) Action: Flexion of the knee

56 1 = Medial meniscus 2 = PCL 3 = ACL 4 = Lateral meniscus

57 QUESTIONS?

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