Technology Glossary 1080i 16:9 Aspect ratio screen 3:2 pull-down 3D Y/C Separation 3D Digital Noise Reduction - 3D Digital Gamma Correction - 720p

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1 Technology Glossary 1080i 1080 interlaced. High Definition TV (HDTV) resolution standard using interlaced scanning at a 1920x1080 high pixel resolution. 16:9 Aspect ratio screen A widescreen TV aspect ratio to fit the widescreen movies and Digital TV broadcasting for a theater viewing experience. 3:2 pull-down Digital technology developed by Faroudja to accurately convert and display content originally on celluloid film which runs at 24 frames per second compared to the 30 fps rate of television. 3D Y/C Separation Function within DigiScan HDTV Circuitry. 3D Y/C separation (for NTSC/ composite video) separates composite signal to Y(brightness) signal and C(color) signal, and provides clear and sharp images without cross color (rainbow effect). 3D Digital Noise Reduction - DigiScan HDTV Circuitry technologies. It precisely removes noise elements in video source (S-video and Composite) by comparing with the former and the latter pictures. It minimizes the influence on original pictures and produces clear and sharp pictures. 3D digital noise reduction works exclusively to 3D Y/C separation. 3D Digital Gamma Correction - DigiScan HDTV Circuitry technologies. Adds subtle nuance to dark scenes and gives images greater depth by increasing the number of gradation shades at low brightness levels. 720p 720 progressive. High Definition television in the ATSC DTV standard using progressive format at a 1280x720 pixels; 720p offers progressive scanning and a constant vertical resolution of 720 lines to better support motion. Anti Glare Protection Screen - Discerning viewers know that stray light can reduce the clarity of a picture, making some areas appear faded and others pale. An Anti Glare Screen minimizes the reflection of exterior dazzling light with its special screen coating, regardless of the location of the TV. This results in smooth pictures which are easy on the eyes. It also increases picture contrast and is scratchresistant. Aspect ratio - The TV screen ratio between the width of the picture and the height of the picture. Conventional television has an aspect ratio of 4:3. HDTV typically has an aspect ratio of 16:9. ATSC - An acronym for Advanced Television Standards Committee. An advisory group that produced the table of 18 recommended transmission formats for Digital Television (DTV) broadcasting in the United States. Black/White Enhancer Produces higher contrast level, increases brightness and details in bright or dark images to provide customers high detail image quality. Color Temperature - A method of measuring the color of gray at different levels from black to white. Since color information overlays the black-and-white information in a TV signal, color temperature affects the entire range of color. Epson

2 Livingstation provides five Color Temperature settings that express the level of brightness. Color Enhancer Epson AccuCinema Color Management provides a color enhancer that improves color detail with vivid colors in dark scenes. Color LUT/3DLUT - An algorithmic function that provides customers most live like colors by auto adjusting colors to achieve the most desired coloring. It also provides more color adjustments to product more colors. This feature is included in the Epson AccuCinema Color Management. Component Video connections (Y/PB/PR) - Component video is the best method for connecting analog video signals. Y/PB/PR is ideal for DVD players and compatible satellite receivers. Uses separate connections for luminance (Y), blue color difference (PB) and red color difference (PR). Component Video - Component Video is the best method of delivering quality video (RGB) in a format that contains all the components of the original image. Composite Video. Composite video is the standard method of connecting video equipment. Composite video combines picture signal, including vertical and horizontal blanking and synchronizing signals. Contrast Ratio Difference between the brightest whites and the darkest blacks on a display. Generally, the larger the contrast ratio the greater the ability of a projector to show subtle color details and tolerate extraneous room light. However, there are limits to what the human eye will discern in terms of differences in contrast ratio. db - db or decibel, is a measure of the power ratio of two signals. In system use, a measure of the voltage ratio of two signals, provided they are measured across a common impedance. Digital Comb Filters 3D Y/C & 3D Digital Noise Reduction Part of the DigiScan HDTV Circuitry technology. These are both types of digital comb filters and a digital comb filter provides and accurate means of separating the color from the black and white in the television signal, thereby improving overall color sensitivity and image clarity. The 3 means it works with 3 lines versus 2-lines of picture information and is effective in decreasing horizontal and vertical dot crawl and hanging dots. DigiScan HDTV Circuitry - Epson circuitry technology combines with PixelWorks DNX technology that uses video processing algorithms with 3:2 pull down to deliver more stable picture with motion pictures. This uses digital mapping to convert a conventional TV image into its high definition equivalent. The system creates four times as much data for a more solid, more convincing picture. DVI Digital visual interface. Video only omnidirectional digital connectivity standard that conveys an uncompressed digital signal from a digital source. Used on only some HDTVs, projectors, Set-top boxes and receivers.

3 Digital 3LCD Optical Engine Epson proprietary 10 lens element optical engine technology that delivers 1024 shades of gradations for clearer color details and smoother picture quality. The 10 bits LCD driver used by the optical engine provides a 720p true high HD quality that is six times the clarity and resolution of standard televisions. Digital Cable Ready - Term for an HDTV that conforms to the plug-and-play digital cable TV standard using CableCARDs. Users can plug the cable directly into an HDTV set, then enjoy HDTV and digital cable without having to use a separate set-top box. Digital Television (DTV) - DTV refers to the three types of digital television including Standard Definition Television (SDTV) 480p or 480i, Enhanced Definition TV (EDTV), and High Definition Television (HDTV) 720p or 1080i. Epson AccuCinema Color Management - The proprietary Epson AccuCinema Color Management provides color accuracy and performance that meets Hollywood cinematic mastering standards for extraordinary picture quality. The Epson AccuCinema Color Management contains Black/White Enhancer, Color Enhancer, Color LUT/3DLUT, and Edge Enhancer. Epson s HDTV delivers the ideal color temperature closest to 6500 Kelvin to produce bright and saturated colors. Epson believes that at such color temperature, the TV gets the most accurate RGB color combinations. HDTV receiver - Receives and displays free, over-the-air High Definition television. Capable of images with up to six times the detail of conventional television. HDMI - High Definition MultiMedia Interface is the next generation of DVI (Digital Visual Interface). It includes the DVI digital video signal, and multi-channel digital audio signals on a single cable. Home Theater - Media and home electronics that deliver the movie theater experience at home. Generally involves at a minimum a DVD player, a television with a screen of 27 inches diagonal or more and an audio system that features Dolby Digital decoding and 5.1-channel surround sound speakers. Interlaced Scanning - Scan method used by the traditional television technology and the 1080i HDTV format. As opposed to progressive scanning in which the CRT's electron beam scans or "paints" all lines at once, interlaced scanning TVs paint oddnumbered lines in succession, then go back and fill in the remaining even-numbered lines. Kelvin (K) - Unit of measurement used to describe the color of light produced by the TV screen. Keystone correction - Feature found in front projectors designed to compensate for mounting situations when the centerline of the projector's lens is not perpendicular to the screen to allow greater mounting flexibility.

4 Lenticular - Outer screen on Epson Livingstation HDTVs characterized by a vertical pattern of ridges and valleys. Blackstripes are applied to the lenticular at a 0.098mm pitch to provide image contrast, high diffusion and high picture density. Letterbox - One technique for accommodating widescreen programming on a standard 4:3 screen. Letterboxing presents the widescreen picture with black bars across the top and bottom. Luminance - Portion of a television transmission that controls brightness of the red, green, and blue proportions in a television picture. The standard luminance setting in a picture is 30 percent red, 60 percent green, and 10 percent blue. These numbers can be adjusted to produce varying colors, grays, whites, and blacks. Microdisplay - Type of fixed-pixel projection television that uses a chip illuminated by a lamp to produce the image--as opposed to projection technologies that use CRTs. Examples include Epson s 3LCD, DLP and LCoS rear-projection HDTVs. Noise - Random, unwanted interference with the signal to which you're trying to watch or listen. In audio, noise takes the form of hiss or static. In video, noise is picture "snow," random flecks or specks of unwanted color. NTSC - NTSC is also the video-transmission standard used in the western hemisphere, Japan, and other Asian countries. NTSC standards are 525 lines of resolution transmitted within a 6MHz channel at 30fps. Progressive Scanning - The opposite of Interlaced scanning. Shows each scanning line in sequence, for a more seamless, more film-like image. The scanning process is to paint all odd and even scanning lines by an electron beam every 1/60 of a second. This method reduces flicker and increases stability. Projection - A television display system that projects the image as light onto a screen. Front projectors are located out among the audience and project on a reflective, white screen. Rear projectors are self-contained boxes that project onto a translucent screen. Resolution - A measure of video signal detail for source material, transmission channels, recorders and displays, generally described either in terms of lines of resolution, or pixels. Set-top box (STB) - External receiver that converts broadcasts (such as analog cable, digital cable, or DTV) for display on a television. HDTV-ready TVs must be connected to a compatible HDTV tuner set-top box in order to receive digital television programs. S-Video connection - Common video connection that provides better picture than composite by transmitting the luminance and chrominance portions of a video signal separately. Universal remote control - Simplifies operation by also controlling many brands of TVs, VCRs, DVD players and A/V receivers. (not all are compatible with all brands and models.)

5 Upconvert - In DTV, the conversion from a lower-resolution input signal to a TV capable of displaying higher resolutions, such as from an SDTV 480p signal to an HDTV 1080i native display. Widescreen - Programming and video systems that incorporate an aspect ratio wider than the conventional 4:3 television screen. Typically refers to TVs in the 16:9 aspect ratio.

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