COMPOST A Guide to Managing Organic Yard Wastes. Sam Angima Extension Agent OSU Extension

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "COMPOST A Guide to Managing Organic Yard Wastes. Sam Angima Extension Agent OSU Extension"

Transcription

1 COMPOST A Guide to Managing Organic Yard Wastes Sam Angima Extension Agent OSU Extension

2 Using the natural process of decay to change organic wastes into a valuable humus-like material called compost Grass clippings Food scraps Compost Leaves

3 Its Recycling Fast -Naturally

4 But Why Compost?? Promotes soil health Supplies organic matter to soil Attracts earthworms Stimulates beneficial soil microorganisms Increases soil water holding capacity Increases soil nutrient retention + CEC

5 1998 U.S. Municipal Solid Waste Municipal Solid Waste Paper products 35.2% (48) Metals 8% Glass 5.2% Plastic 11.2% Generation Production in the U.S. Total = 236 million tons/yr Food 11.7% (2.7) Other 16.6% Yard 12.1% (56) (4.5 lb/person/day) or 3.7 lb/person/day in OR } 24% (30% in Lincoln County) Backyard composting can increase recycling of yard and food wastes.

6 Waste Production in the U.S. Average American Generates 4.5 pounds of trash, each day. 49% of Oregon Households Recycle. Oregon is 2 nd in the nation in recycling! Source: The Taxpayers Network, 50 State Comparisons, as reported on: Source: National Energy Education Development Project, Museum of Solid Waste, 2006

7 Materials Recovered in Oregon Of course no yard waste Wood waste 20% Yard debris 19% Metals 14% Papers 35% Glass 4% Other 7% Plastic 1%

8 Be proud: Made Locally in Oregon. No coal burned, No pesticides. by Mr & Mrs..

9 What do You Need to Make Compost? Decomposers Your composting work crew. These are the microbes (mainly bacteria and fungi) that do all the work for you (Bugs) Food for the decomposers The organic materials to be composted The right amount of air, water, and warmth to keep the work crew happy

10 Where do the Decomposers If you build it, they will come Soil Leaves Food scraps Manure, and Finished compost Each of these will add microorganisms to the compost pile Come From?

11 One teaspoon of good garden soil to which compost has been added contains 100 million bacteria 800 feet of fungal threads

12 Do we all need Composting Containers? No, use slow (cold) composting It just takes a longer time Dig a trench in your garden and bury veg and fruit wastes No heat, so weed seeds are not killed

13 Numerous additives and starters are available but are not needed for good or rapid composting Best Source = compost itself Finished compost best source of microorganisms

14 What is the Best Food for your Decomposers? All organic materials will compost, but not all should be added to a backyard compost pile Organic wastes that should be composted include: Garden trimmings Kitchen scraps Grass clippings Leaves Also Used potting soil Manure Sawdust Hair

15 Food for Decomposers Wood Waste Ashes Sawdust Wood Chips

16 Materials to Avoid Avoid organic materials that could cause problems during or after composting Oil, fat, grease, meat, fish or dairy products, unwashed egg shells (tend to attract pests, vermin) Hard to kill weeds (bindweed, quackgrass) and weeds that have gone to seed (could infest garden area when compost is used).

17 Materials to Avoid Manure: Pig manure, and Cat or dog waste (parasites survive a long time) (attracts pests, could spread disease) Diseased or insect ridden plants (could infect or attack garden plants when compost is used)

18 Materials to Avoid Lime (increases compost ph and promotes ammonia odor problems = loosing N If large quantities of acid materials such as pine needles, spruce needles, or fruit wastes are composted, additional lime may be necessary. Wood ash - add sparingly to the pile - add no more than 1/2 cup per five gallon bucket

19 Can I Use Fresh Manure? Not recommended May contain bacteria e.g. E. coli or salmonella sp. Pathogens not taken up by plants but may adhere to root crops or low growing leaves

20 Is Shredding Necessary? Smaller particles decompose faster Greater surface area per unit volume Allows microbes to get at more of the food (particle size = 1/8 to ½ inches diameter) Chipping or shredding coarse materials (twigs, stems) will speed up the rate at which they decompose

21 Layering Composters? Layering is not recommended as it reduces mixing of browns and greens

22 More about Food for your Decomposers Provide a balanced diet Feed them a a mix of carbon rich and nitrogen rich materials. Carbon rich organic wastes are known as BROWNS (>30:1)= bulking agents Nitrogen rich organic wastes are known as GREENS (<25:1)=energy materials Balanced Materials: Have right C:N ratio for direct composting

23 High carbon materials such as Leaves (30-80:1) Straw (40-100:1) Paper ( :1) Sawdust ( :1) Animal bedding mixed with manure (30-80:1)

24 High nitrogen materials such as Vegetable scraps (12-20:1) Coffee grounds (20:1) Grass clippings (12-25:1)

25 Balanced Materials Low to medium moisture Medium porosity Medium nitrogen Ground up tree and shrub trimmings Legume hay Deciduous leaves Animal bedding mixed with manure (30-80:1)

26 Approximate ratio: 2/3 browns to 1/3 greens

27 Oxygen Requirement Aeration: microbes need oxygen Less oxygen leads to odors unless using plastic bag method (fully closed) Adequate O 2 you need free air space of 55-65% by volume.

28 Aerobic Composting and Temperature Active composting occurs in the temperature range of 55 o F to 155 o F Pile temperature may increase above 140 o F but this is too hot for most bacteria and decomposition will slow until temperature decreases again A thermometer is a nice tool but is not essential for good composting You need degrees F for 15 days or longer 155

29 Heat & Bacteria Psychrophilic work between 0-50 o F Mesophilic bacteria work btw o F Thermophilic bacteria o F Work fast Live only 3-5 days unless pile is turned When done, they feed on each other

30 Pile Aeration Mix Your Pile Every 5-7 Days Turning the pile mixes fresh air into the pile Turning tools can make the job easier

31 Water Rapid decomposition requires optimum water content If too dry, bacterial activity will slow or cease If too wet, loss of air in the pile will lead to anaerobic conditions Approximately 50% to 55% moisture is best As wet as a squeezed out sponge If too dry, add water as you turn the pile If too wet, add browns and/or turn the pile

32 Taking Care of your Compost Pile When pile no longer heats after mixing, allow it to cure (stand without mixing) for at least 8 weeks before using the compost (4 weeks in warmer climates)

33 Notes If paper is composted, it should not be more than 10% of the total weight of the material in the compost pile.. Fertilizer can be added to increase nitrogen content Avoid composting plants that have been treated with herbicides or pesticides.

34 When is Compost Finished? Compost is mature when The color is dark brown It is crumbly, loose, and humus-like It has an earthy smell It contains no readily recognizable feedstock The pile has shrunk to about 1/3 of its original volume

35 Uncured Compost Uncured compost mixed directly into gardens or planter mixes can "burn" plants through a stress condition called "phytotoxicity". Fresh compost can damage young seedlings by fostering the fungus diseases known as damping off and root rot. Fresh compost, like fresh manure, can also rob the soil of nitrogen temporarily while it finishes its curing process.

36 Simple Tests for Finished Compost Bag test: sealing compost in a plastic bag for several days should produce no foul odor Germination test: will seeds germinate in the compost? (good test to use if compost will be part of a potting mix)

37 Compost Troubleshooting Odors Odors are one of the most frequent but easily avoidable composting problems. Rotten odor Putrid smell or rotten egg smell Usually results from anaerobic conditions Excess moisture, compaction Turn pile, add dry porous material (browns), cover kitchen scraps Ammonia odor Too much nitrogen (greens) or ph too high Add high carbon material (browns), turn pile

38 Using Finished Compost Lawn topdressing Be sure compost is very mature to avoid harming the lawn Use fine (screened) compost, ¼ depth raked over lawn Best if lawn is cored before applying compost Retains moisture, supplies slow release nutrients, prevents soil compaction Potting mix Compost must be very mature to avoid injury to plants Use fine textured compost Mix no more than 1/3 compost by volume

39 Manufactured Bins

40 The Earth Machine Bin

41

42

43 Bin Type Structures A circular bin can be made by using a length of small spaced woven wire fencing and holding it together with chain snaps The bin should be about 4-5 ft in diameter and at least 4 ft high With this design, it is easiest to turn the composting material by simply unsnapping the wire, moving the wire cylinder a few feet, and turning the compost back into it.

44 Three-Chambered Bin The three-chambered bin works on an assembly line idea, having three batches of compost in varying stages of decomposition. The compost material is started in the first bin 3-6 wks (min: 1 cubic yard) Then turned to the next for 4-8 wks and finally to last bin 4-8 wks Meanwhile 1 st & 2 nd bin have fresh materials Use removable slats in the front for complete access to the contents for turning.

45 Notes Use rot-resistant wood e.g. redwood or cedar or wood and metal Each bin should be about 5 ft by 3 ft & about 4-5 ft high for heat and ease of turning compost No one structure is best Invent your own, or for a more thorough description of different structures, refer to Rodale's Complete Guide to Composting

46 Plastic Bag Method (Fully Closed) gallon plastic bags filled with plant wastes, fertilizer, and lime About 1-3 tablespoons of a garden fertilizer with a high N content should be used per bag. Lime (one cup per bag) helps counteract the extra acidity caused by anaerobic digestion. Add about 1-2 quarts of water. Close tightly. Double-bag to keep air tight Set the bag in secure site for 6-12 months Requires no turning or watering Slow due to low oxygen Materials should have 30:1, & 50% by volume water

47 Vermicomposting ~Rich in plant nutrients Castings ( worm poop) ~Contain a high percentage of humus ~Biologically active containing thousands of bacteria, and enzymes ~ 5 times the available nitrogen, 7 times the available potash, and 1 ½ times more calcium than found in good top soil Good stuff!!

48 Vermicomposting Facts Two species of red worms, Eisenia foetida and Lumbriscus rubellus, work best for vermicomposting They're also called bandling, red wigglers, or manure worms You can feed worms any non-meat organic waste such as vegetables, fruits, eggshells, coffee grounds and paper coffee filters, and shredded garden waste. Worms especially like melons and pumpkin You have to maintain temp o F and newspapers for grit A box 1x2x3 feet can handle 6 lb of kitchen waste/week

49

50

51

52

53

54

55 Green Cone Composting Some materials, such as meat, fish and dairy products may cause problems if composted in a standard compost unit. A Green Cone should be used for these (do not add cheese) The Green Cone is a digestion unit that converts the waste into a liquid form that seeps into the soil surrounding the unit. The unit is designed to require little maintenance - all you need to do is add food to it, a little at a time.

56 Compliments & Credits

COMPOST A Guide to Managing Organic Yard Wastes. Sam Angima Extension Agent OSU Extension

COMPOST A Guide to Managing Organic Yard Wastes. Sam Angima Extension Agent OSU Extension COMPOST A Guide to Managing Organic Yard Wastes Sam Angima Extension Agent OSU Extension Using the natural process of decay to change organic wastes into a valuable humus-like material called compost Grass

More information

Principles of Composting

Principles of Composting Principles of Composting Composting biologically speeds up the decomposition of organic wastes into a soil-like material. Heat and carbon dioxide are also produced in the process. Composting can take place

More information

Composting FAQ S. Q. What are the basic ingredients I need for a compost pile?

Composting FAQ S. Q. What are the basic ingredients I need for a compost pile? Composting FAQ S Q. What are the basic ingredients I need for a compost pile? Browns are carbon-rich, dry, woody materials such as fallen leaves, hay, dried plants, shredded paper and cardboard. Greens

More information

SOIL. Extension Master Gardeners. Soil Preparation. Soil Preparation. From Red Clay to Brown Gold. of Buncombe County. Ready to Plant?

SOIL. Extension Master Gardeners. Soil Preparation. Soil Preparation. From Red Clay to Brown Gold. of Buncombe County. Ready to Plant? Extension Master Gardeners of Buncombe County Presented By Linda McNab Master Gardener Volunteer North Carolina Cooperative Extension Buncombe County Center SOIL From Red Clay to Brown Gold Soil Preparation

More information

Soil Quality Restoration And the Compost Connection. Presented by: Name City

Soil Quality Restoration And the Compost Connection. Presented by: Name City Soil Quality Restoration And the Compost Connection Presented by: Name City Rainscaping Iowa Do-It-Yourself Compost Naturally Compost Considerations Location, location, location To Bin or not to bin? The

More information

EVERYTHING YOU HAVE ALWAYS WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT HOME COMPOSTING

EVERYTHING YOU HAVE ALWAYS WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT HOME COMPOSTING New York State Department Of Environmental Conservation EVERYTHING YOU HAVE ALWAYS WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT HOME COMPOSTING But were afraid to ask! George E. Pataki, Governor Erin M. Crotty, Commissioner printed

More information

A HOW-TO BACKYARD COMPOSTING GUIDE

A HOW-TO BACKYARD COMPOSTING GUIDE A HOW-TO BACKYARD COMPOSTING GUIDE WHAT IS COMPOSTING? Compost is a dark, crumbly, earthy smelling material that is great for your garden. Composting is the natural breakdown of organic material (kitchen

More information

MAKING COMPOST FROM GARDEN WASTE. Stuart High School Whyalla

MAKING COMPOST FROM GARDEN WASTE. Stuart High School Whyalla MAKING COMPOST FROM GARDEN WASTE Stuart High School Whyalla Quick Facts... Composting garden and yard waste recycles nutrients back into the yard and saves landfill space. Composting reduces household

More information

Denton County Master Gardener Association

Denton County Master Gardener Association Denton County Master Gardener Association The Denton County Master Gardener Association is a volunteer organization under the guidance of Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service. Our mission is to provide

More information

Compost Bins: A How-To Guide to a Healthy Yard. Compost Bins: A How-To Guide. College of Agriculture and Bioresources

Compost Bins: A How-To Guide to a Healthy Yard. Compost Bins: A How-To Guide. College of Agriculture and Bioresources Compost Bins: A How-To Guide Compost Bins: A How-To Guide to a Healthy Yard College of Agriculture and Bioresources Making use of food scraps and yard waste at home is easy and rewarding. These organic

More information

Residential Compost Guide

Residential Compost Guide Residential Compost Guide Sponsored by: Ottawa County Soil & Water Conservation District Ottawa, Sandusky, Seneca Joint Solid Waste Management District Sandusky County Park District Composting is nature

More information

COMPOSTING

COMPOSTING COMPOSTING http://www.watersmart.cc/html/compost/fset.html Cool & Easy Compost Recipe Hot & Fast Compost Recipe Troubleshooting your pile Mulching Composting is the easy, free way to add nutrients to soil,

More information

GROW YOUR OWN: COMPOST

GROW YOUR OWN: COMPOST University of Hawai'i at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources, Department of Family & Consumer Sciences, Department of Human Nutrition Food and Animal Science, Cooperative Extension

More information

How does composting work?

How does composting work? How does composting work? Composting is a natural process that turns organic material (things that were once living) into rich soil-like material called compost. The organic material is broken down by

More information

A down to earth guide to composting. Easy waste reduction in 10 minutes a week. edmonton.ca/compost

A down to earth guide to composting. Easy waste reduction in 10 minutes a week. edmonton.ca/compost A down to earth guide to composting Easy waste reduction in 10 minutes a week edmonton.ca/compost What is composting? Composting is a natural process that breaks down organic kitchen and yard materials.

More information

Composting is one of the healthiest means of Organic Gardening.

Composting is one of the healthiest means of Organic Gardening. Master Gardeners Nearly 30 years ago Washington State University began a program of training volunteers to help instruct members of their communities about proper gardening practices. That program has

More information

A How-To Guide for Backyard Composting

A How-To Guide for Backyard Composting A How-To Guide for Backyard Composting Turn peels into petals. WHAT IS COMPOSTING? Composting is the process where organic material, such as kitchen and yard waste, breaks down allowing rich nutrients

More information

COMPOSTING JEOPARDY ANSWER KEY

COMPOSTING JEOPARDY ANSWER KEY COMPOSTING JEOPARDY ANSWER KEY compost critters for 50 points 1. Aerobic decomposers require which of the following to break down a compost pile? (a) rain (b) oxygen (c) sunlight 2. As aerobic decomposers

More information

Introduction Ask the members whether one of them uses compost in his/her garden. Make him/her explain why and how it is used.

Introduction Ask the members whether one of them uses compost in his/her garden. Make him/her explain why and how it is used. Compost Information for VAG Leaders Preparation: - In this factsheet, the members will learn about compost: what is it? How to make it? What can be composed? - The leader must be sure to bring the materials

More information

Backyard Composting. washington state university extension EB1784E. craig g. cogger & Dan m. sullivan

Backyard Composting. washington state university extension EB1784E. craig g. cogger & Dan m. sullivan Backyard Composting washington state university extension EB1784E craig g. cogger & Dan m. sullivan Backyard Composting Craig G. Cogger and Dan M. Sullivan Gardeners have long made and used compost because

More information

Composting. What You eed to Know!

Composting. What You eed to Know! Composting What You eed to Know! What is Compost? What is Compost? Cornell: The definition of composting is the biological stabilization and decomposition of organic substrates under conditions which allow

More information

Processes in Compost Making

Processes in Compost Making Processes in Compost Making Dr. Chris Starbuck University of Missouri How compost forms Composting is a method of speeding natural decomposition under controlled conditions. Raw organic materials are converted

More information

LIFETIME COMPOST TUMBLER HOW TO INSTRUCTIONS

LIFETIME COMPOST TUMBLER HOW TO INSTRUCTIONS LIFETIME COMPOST TUMBLER HOW TO INSTRUCTIONS LIFETIME COMPOST TUMBLER COMPOSTING - ACCELERATING NATURE S PROCESS In nature, such as grasslands or forests, plants die or shed their foliage which returns

More information

Gardeners have long made and used compost to

Gardeners have long made and used compost to 6 Composting Gardeners have long made and used compost to improve garden soil. Today, we also compost plant and vegetable matter because it is an important way to reduce the amount of waste that is burned

More information

by Robert Skip Richter County Extension Director - Travis County Texas AgriLife Extension Service.

by Robert Skip Richter County Extension Director - Travis County Texas AgriLife Extension Service. by Robert Skip Richter County Extension Director - Travis County Texas AgriLife Extension Service. Composting is fun! It's also easy. Let's learn about how we make compost and how we use it to grow beautiful

More information

HOME & GARDEN INFORMATION CENTER

HOME & GARDEN INFORMATION CENTER http://www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic HGIC 1600 1-888-656-9988 HOME & GARDEN INFORMATION CENTER Composting is controlling the natural decay of organic matter by providing the right conditions for composting

More information

Home Composting. 1. What is composting? 2. Why should I compost?

Home Composting. 1. What is composting? 2. Why should I compost? Home Composting 1. What is composting? Composting is a natural process that turns organic material into a dark rich substance. This substance, called compost or humus, is a wonderful conditioner for your

More information

During the growing season, 30% or more of landfill waste is organic yard refuse. Home

During the growing season, 30% or more of landfill waste is organic yard refuse. Home Reviewed October 2011 by Michael Johnson BACKYARD COMPOSTING IN UTAH Kitt Farrell-Poe, Extension Environmental Engineer Rich Koenig, Extension Soils Specialist. During the growing season, 30% or more of

More information

Compost Season is Upon Us (Part 1 of 3 Part Article)

Compost Season is Upon Us (Part 1 of 3 Part Article) Compost Season is Upon Us (Part 1 of 3 Part Article) As my compost pile begins to thaw out I have visions of harvesting my first batch of the season. This activity, more than any other, gets me into the

More information

because rinds, limbs, cleanout, etc...are Terrible Things to Waste!! Cornell Waste Management Institute cwmi.css.cornell.edu

because rinds, limbs, cleanout, etc...are Terrible Things to Waste!! Cornell Waste Management Institute cwmi.css.cornell.edu Home Composting because rinds, limbs, manure, leaves, garden cleanout, etc...are Terrible Things to Waste!! Jean Bonhotal Jean Bonhotal cwmi.css.cornell.edu Composting to Reduce the Waste Stream and. Make

More information

Composting Guide: 4 th edition

Composting Guide: 4 th edition Composting Guide: Reduce Organic Waste and Green Your Yard 4 th edition COMPOST Table of Contents Why Compost, Supplies Needed... 1 Compost Bins... 2 Buy, Build.... 2 Size, Placement... 2 Start A Compost

More information

A guide to Household Composting

A guide to Household Composting A guide to Household Composting Turn into 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 6 Table of contents Why compost How to start Composting It s all in the mix how to make good compost What's good & what's bad to compost? Stages

More information

ABCDEFG s of Small Scale Composting

ABCDEFG s of Small Scale Composting Composting ABCDEFG s of Small Scale Composting Ron Godin Area Agronomist Organic/Sustainable Agriculture Colorado State University Extension Delta, CO (970) 874-2197 ron.godin@colostate.edu Composting

More information

This method can take approximately three to six months for the compost to be ready.

This method can take approximately three to six months for the compost to be ready. What is composting? Composting is the process of recycling organic materials into a rich soil known as compost. Kitchen (food scraps) and garden (leaves and grass trimmings) waste is biodegraded and turned

More information

COMPOST AND WORM FARMS. rethink your rubbish. That s why I rethink my rubbish

COMPOST AND WORM FARMS. rethink your rubbish. That s why I rethink my rubbish COMPOST AND WORM FARMS rethink your rubbish That s why I rethink my rubbish COMPOSTING What is compost? Compost is the soil-like material that is created when plant and vegetable matter breaks down. Compost

More information

COMPOST A USER'S GUIDE TO. The Beauty of Your Lawn & Garden Blossoms from the Soil

COMPOST A USER'S GUIDE TO. The Beauty of Your Lawn & Garden Blossoms from the Soil A USER'S GUIDE TO COMPOST The Beauty of Your Lawn & Garden Blossoms from the Soil Compost adds organic material and nutrients to the soil, increases water-holding capacity and biological activity, and

More information

Environment. Purdue Agronomy Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences. Purdue Extension. The decomposition of organic material is a natural,

Environment. Purdue Agronomy Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences. Purdue Extension. The decomposition of organic material is a natural, Home & Purdue Extension Environment HENV-103-W Household Composting: Methods and Uses for Compost Jason P. de Koff and Brad D. Lee, Purdue University Department of Agronomy; Michael V. Mickelbart, Purdue

More information

Composting FAQ. Produce your own black gold

Composting FAQ. Produce your own black gold Composting FAQ Produce your own black gold Contents of Composting FAQ What is compost?... 2 Why compost?... 2 Doesn t my organic waste break down in landfill anyway?... 2 What materials can I compost?...

More information

Soils, soil organisms, soil amendments, and their relation to plant health

Soils, soil organisms, soil amendments, and their relation to plant health Soils, soil organisms, soil amendments, and their relation to plant health Thanks to Craig Cogger Extension Soil Scientist WSU-Puyallup http://www.puyallup.wsu.edu/soilmgmt Outline Introduction to soils

More information

Home Composting. A useful guide

Home Composting. A useful guide Home Composting A useful guide 1 What is home composting? Composting is the use of organic matter such as garden waste or uncooked kitchen vegetable scraps which decompose to form a dark brown soil-like

More information

Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet

Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet Horticulture and Crop Sciences 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH 43210 Composting Series Composting at Home COM-0001-99 Frederick C. Michel, Jr., Joe E. Heimlich,

More information

BACKYARD COMPOSTING IT S EASY!

BACKYARD COMPOSTING IT S EASY! BACKYARD COMPOSTING IT S EASY! WHAT IS COMPOSTING? Composting is a natural process by which organic material decomposes to form a rich natural fertilizer. Composting doesn t require a lot of technical

More information

Getting the Most out of Your Vegetable Garden Soil Test Report

Getting the Most out of Your Vegetable Garden Soil Test Report gardening.cornell.edu Getting the Most out of Your Vegetable Garden Soil Test Report 1. Be certain your soil ph is in the optimal range. 2. Add a nitrogen (N) source at the recommended rate. 3. Add a phosphorus

More information

The first part of this week s lab will take place at Cornell s Compost. Facility on Stevenson Road. We will tour the facility and collect samples

The first part of this week s lab will take place at Cornell s Compost. Facility on Stevenson Road. We will tour the facility and collect samples Lab. Composting The first part of this week s lab will take place at Cornell s Compost Facility on Stevenson Road. We will tour the facility and collect samples of compost at different stages of decomposition.

More information

CSWD Worms in Your Classroom

CSWD Worms in Your Classroom CSWD Worms in Your Classroom Objective: Create a healthy habitat for worms in the classroom Grade Level: K 12 Background: Read the CSWD Composting with Worms Guide provided to you in the confirmation email

More information

A38 Making potting mixes

A38 Making potting mixes A38 Making potting es Resources Materials for potting es. Most are readily available (see next page). Pots, trays and containers, with appropriate plants, eg, herbs, vegetables, fruit trees and attractant

More information

composting Successful Composting: Glen Eira City Council organic recycling at home Maria Ciavarella 1 why compost?

composting Successful Composting: Glen Eira City Council organic recycling at home Maria Ciavarella  1 why compost? organic recycling at home Converting our waste to nature s wonder Choose which method suits your situation Composting Worm Farming Bokashi Buckets My Green Garden for Glen Eira Often a combination of two

More information

Hello! Thank you for reviewing information regarding Dakota County s first residential organics drop off location.

Hello! Thank you for reviewing information regarding Dakota County s first residential organics drop off location. Hello! Thank you for reviewing information regarding Dakota County s first residential organics drop off location. 1 This presentation will discuss what organics recycling is, an overview of the residential

More information

Nature's Way Resources

Nature's Way Resources 100% Recycled / 20% Post-Consumer Nature's Way Resources A publication of the Coastal Coordination Council pursuant to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Award No. NA04NOS4190058. F I V E

More information

Composting. Contents. The basics. The perfect home. A balanced diet. Feeding your compost. Avoiding problems. Harvest time

Composting. Contents. The basics. The perfect home. A balanced diet. Feeding your compost. Avoiding problems. Harvest time Contents The basics 2 The perfect home 6 A balanced diet 11 Feeding your compost 16 Avoiding problems 22 Composting In a compost bin, air-breathing microorganisms break down your waste and create heat.

More information

to be greener and do something good for the environment while seeing major benefits right at home.

to be greener and do something good for the environment while seeing major benefits right at home. Composting Basics Bycomposting food scraps, yard waste, and other ingredients, you create nutrient-rich compost to add to your garden and landscape, and you minimize the waste sent to landfills. Home composting

More information

GardenNotes #241 Soil Amendments

GardenNotes #241 Soil Amendments Colorado Master Gardener sm Program Colorado Gardener Certificate Training Colorado State University Extension GardenNotes #241 Soil Amendments Outline: Terms, page 1 Managing soil texture and structure,

More information

Want to Know More about Composting?

Want to Know More about Composting? Want to Know More about Composting? Check out these books: Backyard Composting: Your complete guide to recycling yard clippings. Ojai, Calif.: Harmonious Press, 1992. Let it Rot! The gardener s guide to

More information

2014 Product Catalogue

2014 Product Catalogue Works 2014 Product Catalogue Creating Sustaining Soils Baltimore, Maryland chesapeakecompost.com 410-355-1730 Complete Sustenance For Your Soil Our compost is made from recycled food scraps, resulting

More information

Meets Grade 4 Standards

Meets Grade 4 Standards Compost in a Bag! Grades 3-5 Meets Grade 4 Standards Lesson Summary Students learn what kinds of things decompose by conducting a simple experiment wherein items are sealed in a bag with soil for a month,

More information

COMPOST AND PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENTS

COMPOST AND PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENTS 6y COMPOST AND PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENTS Up to this point, we have concentrated primarily on the processes involved in converting organic wastes to compost. But, in addition to being an environmentally

More information

Four easy ways to recycle your food scraps

Four easy ways to recycle your food scraps Four easy ways to recycle your food scraps 1. Wrap your scraps 2. Kitchen caddy with compostable bags 3. Worm farms 4. Compost at home Food scrap composting VOUCHER and CASH-BACK details inside. Offer

More information

Recycle Your Yard. UF IFAS Extension Hillsborough County

Recycle Your Yard. UF IFAS Extension Hillsborough County Recycle Your Yard UF IFAS Extension Hillsborough County The 4 R s for Yard Recycling Reduce Reuse Recycle Repeat and REPEAT REDUCE material flow into & out of your garden! HOW TO REDUCE Check plants prior

More information

Much Ado about Mulches

Much Ado about Mulches Much Ado about Mulches (Author s Note: This is the tenth in a series of articles by members of the City of Sanibel Vegetation Committee dealing with vegetative matters of concern to island residents. For

More information

Your Guide to COMPOSTING

Your Guide to COMPOSTING Your Guide to COMPOSTING The City offers free composting classes in the spring and in the fall. For more information on composting and other City of Regina Waste Diversion Programs visit Regina.ca or call

More information

Earthworms and vermi-composting

Earthworms and vermi-composting Women in Agriculture Training manual for female extension educators Earthworms and vermi-composting Introduction Earthworms play a very important role in soil fertility. Although they are often confused

More information

A GUIDE HOME COMPOSTING This booklet has been printed on recycled paper

A GUIDE HOME COMPOSTING This booklet has been printed on recycled paper A GUIDE TO HOME COMPOSTING This booklet has been printed on recycled paper Introduction What is Composting? South West Wales Local Authorities are working together to promote home composting throughout

More information

Welcome to. Presented by: Green Waste Stream,LLC & MPE Services, Inc.

Welcome to. Presented by: Green Waste Stream,LLC & MPE Services, Inc. Welcome to Presented by: Green Waste Stream,LLC & MPE Services, Inc. Organic Waste The Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery estimates that a third of waste sent to landfills is compostable organic

More information

Time 45 minutes for two lessons one month apart. Vocabulary Prediction Decomposers Decomposition Organic Matter Compost Fertilizer.

Time 45 minutes for two lessons one month apart. Vocabulary Prediction Decomposers Decomposition Organic Matter Compost Fertilizer. Garbology Lesson: Compost in a Bag! Grades 3-5; K-4 Standards Lesson Summary Students learn what kinds of things decompose by conducting a simple experiment wherein items are sealed in a bag with soil

More information

VERMICULTURE BASICS & Vermicompost

VERMICULTURE BASICS & Vermicompost VERMICULTURE BASICS & Vermicompost By Published 2010 ECHO Staff Redworms [Eisenia fetida] Introduction What s Inside: Introduction Setting up a Worm Farm Choosing a Bin - Preparing the Bedding - Adding

More information

Sustainable and Urban Agriculture Series Extension Bulletin COMPOSTING

Sustainable and Urban Agriculture Series Extension Bulletin COMPOSTING Virginia Cooperative Extension 1 Hayden Drive P.O. Box 9081 Virginia State University, VA 23806 (804) 524-5962 www.agriculture.vsu.edu Sustainable and Urban Agriculture Series Extension Bulletin 14-09

More information

It is important to distinguish between terms such as "biodegradable", "compostable", and "compost-compatible".

It is important to distinguish between terms such as biodegradable, compostable, and compost-compatible. COMPOSTING 101 Why compost?... 2 Materials... 3 Passive Composting... 4 Backyard composting... 4 Moisture & Heat... 4 Bin/Pile Information... 5 How to Compost... 5 Nitrogen... 5 Carbon... 5 Water... 5

More information

mulching Action Sheet 34 So what is mulching?

mulching Action Sheet 34 So what is mulching? mulching Action Sheet 34 So what is mulching? nutrients release as leaves decompose leaf litter shallow roots take up Have you ever looked closely at a forest floor? It s covered in leaf litter - a nutrient-rich,

More information

Composting: Biology Curriculum

Composting: Biology Curriculum Cornell Waste Management Institute cwmi.css.cornell.edu Composting: Biology Curriculum Understanding what composting is and how it works. Table of Contents Goal, Objectives, Keywords, Scientific Concepts...

More information

How to Compost: A Hands on Guide to Utilizing Rice Straw and Dairy Waste

How to Compost: A Hands on Guide to Utilizing Rice Straw and Dairy Waste How to Compost: A Hands on Guide to Utilizing Rice Straw and Dairy Waste What is Compost? Compost is the breakdown of organic material through microorganisms in a warm moist environment. Once organic material

More information

GardenNotes #245 Mulching with Wood/Bark Chips, Grass Clippings, and Rock

GardenNotes #245 Mulching with Wood/Bark Chips, Grass Clippings, and Rock Colorado Master Gardener sm Program Colorado Gardener Certificate Training Colorado State University Extension GardenNotes #245 Mulching with Wood/Bark Chips, Grass Clippings, and Rock Outline: Terms:

More information

Do not work in clay soil when it is wet. Mowing wet lawns or working in wet flower and vegetable beds compacts the soil and spreads fungal diseases.

Do not work in clay soil when it is wet. Mowing wet lawns or working in wet flower and vegetable beds compacts the soil and spreads fungal diseases. NC STATE UNIVERSITY Urban Horticulture Note No. 3 North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service Durham County Center 721 Foster Street Durham, North Carolina 27701 919-560-0525 Fax: 919-560-0530 www.ces.ncsu.edu/durham/

More information

Composting Yard Waste

Composting Yard Waste Visit us on the Web: www.gardeninghelp.org Composting Yard Waste Yard waste need not find a home away from home. It is one part of the waste stream that can be managed in our own back yards. Solid waste

More information

Mulching the Landscape:

Mulching the Landscape: Mulching the Landscape: Effects on Soil Ecology and Plant Health Dan Herms Department of Entomology The Ohio State University Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center Wooster, Ohio herms.2@osu.edu

More information

Composting Education Tool Kit

Composting Education Tool Kit Composting Education Tool Kit Nature s way of recycling! Your guide to composting through experiential education and activities! Tool Kit Contents Introduction How Compost Happens How Compost Happens Graphic

More information

Basic Principles for Composting of Biodegradable Household Wastes *

Basic Principles for Composting of Biodegradable Household Wastes * Basic Principles for Composting of Biodegradable Household Wastes * Robert J. Holmer 1 1 Fundamentals In the process of composting, microorganisms break down organic matter and produce carbon dioxide,

More information

Mulching is a long-established horticultural

Mulching is a long-established horticultural E-512 07-09 Easy Gardening MULCHING MULCHING MULCHING MULCHING Joseph Masabni, Assistant Professor and Extension Horticulturist, The Texas A&M University System Mulching is a long-established horticultural

More information

Fertilizing Garden Soils

Fertilizing Garden Soils Fertilizing Garden Soils From Cornell Cooperative Extension, Chemung County More gardening information at www.gardening.cornell.edu Soil Nutrients Twenty nutrients have been identified which plants require

More information

ENGLISH VERSION COMPOST

ENGLISH VERSION COMPOST ENGLISH VERSION 713-15 COMPOST SCOPE. This specification covers the material requirements for organic material used in conjunction with amending or manufacturing topsoil and for erosion control products.

More information

Backyard Composting Compost your kitchen scraps in your own backyard and make your way toward a Zero Waste home

Backyard Composting Compost your kitchen scraps in your own backyard and make your way toward a Zero Waste home Backyard Composting Compost your kitchen scraps in your own backyard and make your way toward a Zero Waste home Composting is a process that converts food scraps and yard waste, such as leaves and grass

More information

Composting in the Tropics ll

Composting in the Tropics ll Composting in the Tropics ll produced by What is compost and how is it useful? Compost is a cheap, effective and long-term way of improving the soil to grow better crops. Various materials such as leaves,

More information

Weeds WEEDS. Common Purslane

Weeds WEEDS. Common Purslane WEEDS Introduction Weeds are any plants that grow where they are unwanted. Common weeds are fast growing, resilient nuisances that compete with your cultivated plants for nutrients, water, and sunlight.

More information

The Green Cone Digester

The Green Cone Digester The Green Cone Digester An Earth-friendly Companion to the Backyard Composter! The Green Cone Digester is a smart, easy-to-use, efficient household tool, which reduces waste and eliminates most of the

More information

Potting Mix Choices and Recommendations

Potting Mix Choices and Recommendations Potting Mix Choices and Recommendations Ted Bilderback Nursery Crops Specialist North Carolina State University There are no "one size fits all" recipes for growing containerized ornamental plants. However,

More information

Home Composting & Sustainable Landscaping

Home Composting & Sustainable Landscaping Chapter 5 Residential Waste: Home Composting & Sustainable Landscaping Chapter 5 You can reduce organic waste at home and protect the environment by preventing food waste, composting kitchen scraps and

More information

BETTER CROPS HEALTHY SOIL COMPOST. from. with. Asia/Pacific Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU)

BETTER CROPS HEALTHY SOIL COMPOST. from. with. Asia/Pacific Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU) BETTER CROPS from HEALTHY SOIL with COMPOST Asia/Pacific Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU) Have you ever faced these problems? Half of our rice crop got a disease this season. I'm using more chemical fertilizer,

More information

Soil Amendment. Composting & Soil Health. By Monika Meulman Gardener & LEGS Chair. Soil Amendment 101

Soil Amendment. Composting & Soil Health. By Monika Meulman Gardener & LEGS Chair. Soil Amendment 101 Soil Amendment Composting & Soil Health By Monika Meulman Gardener & LEGS Chair What is Soil? - complex mix of minerals, organic matter, & life Main types of soil in garden - Clay - Silt - Sand - Loam

More information

The Value of Compost

The Value of Compost The Value of Compost Compost is like any other product we buy and use, there is a huge variation in price, quality and value. So how does one determine the value of compost? Two major factors affect the

More information

Lawn Care by Season SPRING. February and March. 1. Check your soil s ph

Lawn Care by Season SPRING. February and March. 1. Check your soil s ph February and March 1. Check your soil s ph SPRING Soil ph, a measure of the soil s acidity or alkalinity, can directly influence the strength and quality of your lawn. When the ph is below 7.0, the soil

More information

How To Make Superior Compost

How To Make Superior Compost How To Make Superior Compost With the SAFETY FIRST!!!!! Position your ComposTumbler on smooth, level ground. Its placement is important in making sure the heavy tumbler will not tip and that when you turn

More information

Onion & Leek Planting Guide

Onion & Leek Planting Guide Onion & Leek Planting Guide Important Remove plants from box immediately. Do not put in soil or water before planting. Keep cool and dry until you can plant. Follow the instructions inside for best results.

More information

At Home with Composting

At Home with Composting What is Composting? At Home with Composting Composting is a natural process through which organic material is converted into a soil-like product called compost or humus (pronounced "hue-mous"). The process

More information

Vermicomposting: Composting with Worms

Vermicomposting: Composting with Worms Vermicomposting: Composting with Worms Worms can turn kitchen waste into a nutrient-rich soil conditioner called vermicompost. Vermicompost is a mixture of worm castings (droppings) and decomposed organic

More information

Beehive Wormery. Made In The UK INFORMATION + INSTRUCTIONS

Beehive Wormery. Made In The UK INFORMATION + INSTRUCTIONS Beehive Wormery Made In The UK INFORMATION + INSTRUCTIONS Beehive Wormery Congratulations on becoming the owner of the BEST ever wormery. This unique wormery, or to give it its proper name, vermicomposting

More information

What Is Humic Acid? Where Does It Come From?

What Is Humic Acid? Where Does It Come From? What Is Humic Acid? Humic and Fulvic acids are the final break-down constituents of the natural decay of plant and animal materials. These organic acids are found in pre-historic deposits. Humic matter

More information

Composting Teacher Fact Sheet:

Composting Teacher Fact Sheet: Teacher Fact Sheet: Composting...141 Compost Critters (Grades K-1)...145 Compost Chefs (Grades 3-8)...149 Compost Crops (Grades 3-8)...155 Worms at Work (Grades 4-8)...159 139 Grade Subject Skills Index

More information

Let s Build a Worm Bin!

Let s Build a Worm Bin! Let s Build a Worm Bin! Grades K-5 Lesson Summary Students set up a worm bin and learn the important role worms play in the process of decomposition and making compost. Overview In this lesson, students

More information

6 Step Construction Plan

6 Step Construction Plan Construction Plan for a Home-built Rodent Resistant Three Bin Compost System Materials are available at most building supplies stores and will cost around $300 new. The system will take a weekend to build.

More information

The Natural Lawn & Garden. Healthy Landscapes for a Healthy Environment. Growing Healthy Soil

The Natural Lawn & Garden. Healthy Landscapes for a Healthy Environment. Growing Healthy Soil The Natural Lawn & Garden Healthy Landscapes for a Healthy Environment Growing Healthy Soil Healthy Soil An Investment In Your Garden Did you know that by simply improving your soil, you can beautify your

More information

FULL CIRCLE St. Louis Recycles

FULL CIRCLE St. Louis Recycles FULL CIRCLE St. Louis Recycles Please prepare yourself by watching the entire program before showing it to your students. Overview: Grade Level: 3 through 12 Time Allotment: Activities may be used as a

More information