Art 1 Chapter 5 Notes TVE 2009-

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1 Section Color has 3 properties a. Hue b. Value c. Intensity 2. Color Harmonies a. Colors that work well together 3. Basic Color Schemes a. Monochromatic one color b. Complementary across from each other on color wheel c. Warm/Cool colors perceived temperatures, RYO are warm, BGV are cool 4. Shading and Chiaroscuro a. Shading creates the illusion of 3 dimensions by changing values. Chiaroscuro is the Italian term for shading. 5. Color Wheel 1

2 Section 5.2 Light and Dark, Value Art 1 Chapter 5 Notes TVE VALUE: In an artwork the range of light and dark is known as Value. Usually value is shown on a nine step scale, with white at one end and black at the other. RELATIVE VALUES: The lightness or darkness of a particular value is relative; this means that it is dependent on its surroundings. SHADING and CHIAROSCURO: Using lighter and darker values to make something look threedimensional is called shading and the technical term is called chiaroscuro, which is Italian and means light-dark. Value and Artistic Expression Shading is a very effective way for an artist to create mood. Compare Picasso s Woman in White to Villers Young Woman Drawing. 1. How is the range of Values different in these paintings? 2. How does the range of values affect mood in the Picasso? 3. How does the range of values affect mood in the Villers? 2

3 Section Color comes from light; if it weren t for light we would have no color. Light rays move in a straight path from a light source. Within this light rays are all the rays of colors in the spectrum or rainbow. Shining a light into a prism will create a rainbow of colors because it separates the color of the spectrum. When the light rays hits an object our eyes responds to the light that is bounced back and we see that color. For example a red ball reflects all the red light rays. As artists we use pigments in the form of powder or liquid paints to create color. 2. Properties Color o Hue the name of the color o Value the lightness or darkness o Intensity the brightness or dullness 3. Colors are divided into related groups Primary Colors-Red, Yellow, Blue these color cannot be mixed, they must be bought in some form. Secondary Color-Orange, Violet, Green, these colors are created by mixing two primaries. Intermediate Colors- Red Orange, Yellow Green, Blue Violet, etc.; mixing a primary with a secondary creates these colors. Complementary Colors-are colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel. When placed next to each other they look bright and when mixed together they neutralize each other. 4. Color Harmonies --Color Harmonies is when an artist uses certain combinations of colors that create different looks or feelings these are also colors that work well together or create a starling effect. Analogous Colors are colors that are next to each other on the color wheel for example red, red orange, and orange are analogous colors. Triadic Harmony is where three equally spaced colors on the color wheel are used for example, yellow, Red, Blue is a triadic harmony color scheme. Monochromatic is where one color is used but in different values and intensity. Warm colors are on one side of the color wheel and they give the felling of warmth for example red, orange and yellow are the color of fire and feel warm. Cool colors are on the other side of the color wheel and they give the feeling of coolness for example blue, violet, are the color of water, and green are the color of cool grass. 5. Colors and Expression: Colors are also used to express emotions and illicit an emotional response in the viewer. 3

4 Primary Colors Secondary Colors Intermediate Colors Complementary Colors 4

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