Introduction to the structure of the OIE, Terrestrial Codes and Manuals

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1 Introduction to the structure of the OIE, Terrestrial Codes and Manuals Training workshop on OIE standards for collection and shipping of pathological specimens Nairobi, KENYA 9-11 August

2 THE OIE IN BRIEF 2

3 CHRONOLOGY An intergovernmental organisation preceding the United Nations Creation of the Office International des Epizooties (OIE) Headquarters in Paris (France) Creation of the United Nations In Regional Representations World Organisation for Animal Health 6 Sub-Regional Representations 3

4 178 Member Countries in 2011 Africa 52 Americas 30 Asia, the Far East and Oceania 35 Europe 53 Middle-East 20 Some countries belong to more than one region 4

5 STRUCTURE OF THE OIE 5

6 Governance structure of the OIE 1/9 World Assembly of Delegates Council Specialist Commissions Code, Aquatic Animals, Laboratories, and Scientific Director General Regional Commissions Reference Laboratories Collaborating Centres Headquarters Regional Representations Working Groups Ad hoc Groups 6

7 Governance structure of the OIE 2/9 World Assembly of Delegates Highest authority of the OIE; formulates decisions by means of Resolutions Comprises all national Delegates to the OIE Meets at least once a year Elects the members of the OIE Council Elects the members of the Specialist Commissions Adopts the OIE standards published in the Codes and Manuals Approves the official disease status of Members and the list of OIE Collaborating Centres and Reference Laboratories Elects the Director General for a five-year term of office» one Member = one vote 7

8 Governance structure of the OIE 3/9 The Director General The OIE is managed by the OIE Headquarters in Paris, placed under the responsibility of a Director General elected by secret ballot by the World Assembly of Delegates. In 2010, Dr Bernard Vallat was elected Director General of the World Organisation for Animal Health for a third five-year term. 8

9 Governance structure of the OIE 4/9 9

10 Governance structure of the OIE 5/9 Specialist Commissions 1/2 The Specialist Commissions are elected by the World Assembly of Delegates for a period of three years. Their role is to use relevant scientific information to: study epidemiological issues, especially the prevention and control methods of animal diseases develop, update and propose OIE s international standards and guidelines for adoption by the World Assembly address scientific and technical issues raised by Members, with the exception of bilateral trade problems, for which the OIE has an inhouse mediation procedure should the relevant Members request it 10

11 Specialist Commissions 2/2 Governance structure of the OIE 6/9 Terrestrial Animal Health Standards Commission Code Commission Scientific Commission for Animal Diseases Scientific Commission Aquatic Animal Health Standards Commission Aquatic Animals Commission Biological Standards Commission Laboratories Commission Responsible for updating the Terrestrial Animal Health Code annually; proposes new standards for adoption by the World Assembly of Delegates. Responsible for ensuring that the Code reflects current scientific information. Assists in identifying the most appropriate strategies and measures for the following: disease surveillance disease prevention and control examining Members request regarding their official animal health status, for countries that wish to be included on the OIE official list of countries or zones free from certain diseases Compiles information on diseases of fish, molluscs, crustaceans and amphibians and recommends appropriate prevention and control methods for these diseases. Responsible for updating the Aquatic Animal Health Code and the Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals; and for proposing new standards for adoption by the World Assembly of Delegates. Establishes or approves methods for: diagnostic of diseases of mammals, birds and bees defining quality criteria of biological products such as vaccines, used for disease control purposes Oversees production and adoptionof the Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals. Advises the Director General in supervising the global network of OIE Reference Centres (265 worldwide in 6/2011). 11

12 Governance structure of the OIE 7/9 Working Groups Ad hoc Groups OIE Working Groups are responsible for constantly reviewing developments in their field of competence and for keeping OIE Specialist Commission and the Director General informed of current issues through scientific meetings. The fields of competence are: Animal welfare Animal production food safety Wildlife These Groups are set up by the Director General as and when needed: to prepare recommendations for submission to Specialist Commissions and Working Groups with internationally renowned scientists who often belong to OIE Reference Centres Their membership is submitted to the World Assembly of Delegates. 12

13 Governance structure of the OIE 8/9 The Delegate Nominated by his/her Government Usually the Chief Veterinary Officer of his/her country Member of the World Assembly of Delegates (which meets in General Session) National focal point for the OIE in the country» Responsible for negotiating international veterinary standards on behalf of his/her country» Notifies the OIE of the animal disease situation in his/her country Official national and international status 13

14 Governance structure of the OIE 9/9 National Focal Points Focal Points are nominated by the Delegate for each of the following fields: Aquatic animal diseases Wildlife Animal disease notification Veterinary products Communication Animal welfare Animal production food safety NB: It is planned to propose focal points for Veterinary Laboratories shortly. 14

15 OIE PUBLICATIONS AND WEB SITE The Manuals and Codes 15

16 Publications Scientific and Technical Review - every 4 months Terrestrial animal Health code once a year Aquatic Animal Health Code once a year Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals. World Animal Health - once a year Bulletin - every 3 months Technical Items, information brochures, thematic publications - variable frequency 16

17 OIE Main Web site: 17

18 OIE Main Web site: Access to standards online 18

19 Africa Region web site: 19

20 Africa Region web site: Language Library / Bibliothèque 20

21 Africa Region web site: Downloads and online versions of the OIE standards 21

22 Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals Vols 1 & 2 to provide internationally agreed diagnostic laboratory methods and requirements for the production and control of vaccines and other biological products. sets laboratory standards for all OIE listed diseases as well as several other diseases of global importance. it specifies Prescribed Tests that are recommended for use in health screening for international trade or movement of animals 22

23 Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals Vols 1 & 2: (Terrestrial Manual) The principal target is laboratories carrying out veterinary diagnostic tests and surveillance, vaccine manufacturers and regulatory authorities Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals 2011 (online version) between prints Arranged into: Part 1: General information Part 2: OIE listed Diseases + others Part 3: OIE Ref experts and disease index 23

24 Terrestrial Manual: Part 1, Section 1.1 : General Information Collection and shipment of diagnostic specimens Biosafety and biosecurity in the veterinary microbiology laboratory and animal facilities Quality management in veterinary testing laboratories Principles of validation of diagnostic assays for infectious diseases Laboratory methodologies for bacterial antimicrobial susceptibility testing Biotechnology in the diagnosis of infectious diseases and vaccine development 24

25 Terrestrial Manual: Part 1, Section 1.1 : General Information The application of biotechnology to the development of veterinary vaccines Principles of veterinary vaccine production Tests for sterility and freedom from contamination of biological materials Guidelines for international standards for vaccine banks The role of official bodies in the international regulation of veterinary biologicals 25

26 Terrestrial Animal Health Code (The Code) Vols 1 & 2 sets out standards for the improvement of animal health and welfare and veterinary public health worldwide. used by the veterinary authorities of importing and exporting countries to provide for early detection, reporting and control agents pathogenic to animals or humans, and to prevent their transfer via international trade Arranged in 2 volumes: Vol 1: General Provisions Vol 2: Recommendations on OIE Listed Diseases 26

27 Terrestrial Animal Health Code (The Code) Vols 1 & 2 Include revised chapters on: notification of diseases, evaluation of Veterinary Services including central veterinary laboratories model veterinary certificates including for products of animal origin for Technical use such as in pharmaceutical, medical areas, + others 27

28 Conclusion The OIE has developed and published international guidelines, standards and recommendations in animal health including zoonosis that are available for use by the veterinary services to improve their performance 28

29 The IDENTIFY Project is jointly implemented by and is sponsored by the Emerging Pandemic Threats Program (EPT) of 29

30 Thank you for your attention Organisation mondiale de la santé animale World Organisation for Animal Health Organización Mundial de Sanidad Animal 12 rue de Prony, Paris, France -

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