THE SIX NUTRIENTS 10 % 15 % 40 % 35 % UNIT 4 PACKET PART 1 NAME: HOUR: DATE: NO: Chapter 8: Food and Nutrition 40% 35% 15% 10% Nutrient: Metabolism:

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1 UNIT 4 PACKET PART 1 NAME: HOUR: DATE: NO: 1 Chapter 8: Food and Nutrition Nutrient: Metabolism: Calories: THE SIX NUTRIENTS 10% 15% 35% 40% 40 % 35 % 15 % 10 % 5

2 2 Carbohydrates: Chapter 8: Food and Nutrition CARBOHYDRATES also known as found in found in found in and and Which foods provide our body with fiber? It provides Your body breaks these down into The job of fiber is to YOUR BODY S ENERGY RESERVE Extra carbohydrates that your body does not use create extra glucose. The extra glucose is converted into a starch called which is then stored in your body. When your body needs more glucose, the glycogen is converted back to glucose for energy. If you eat too many, and the stores are full the excess carbohydrates are stored as.

3 Chapter 8: Food and Nutrition Unsaturated Fats FATS 3 Fats supply your body with, from your, maintain and your nerves. VOCABULARY WORD BOOK DEFINTION OF WORD DEFINITION IN YOUR OWN WORDS Unsaturated Fats Saturated Fats Cholesterol Trans fat PROTEINS *Function: 9 Essential Amino Acids Body can t produce must get from diet 11 Non-essential amino acids Body produces on own FORM OF PROTEIN SOURCE page 199 Contains all 9 essential COMPLETE amino acids needed in the PROTEIN body IN-COMPLETE PROTEIN Is lacking one or more of the essential amino acids

4 Chapter 8: Food and Nutrition VITAMINS, MINERALS AND WATER 4 DEFINE VITAMINS: 2 CLASSES OF VITAMINS FAT SOLUABLE: can be stored in the body VITAMIN FUNCTIONS SOURCES A D E Sunlight, vegetable oils, liver, eggs and certain vegetables K WATER SOLUABLE: can NOT be stored in the body VITAMIN FUNCTIONS SOURCES B1 B2 B3 Fruits, Vegetables, legumes, meats, and poultry C

5 DEFINE MINERALS: 7 ESSENTIAL MINERALS: YOU NEED THESE MINERALS IN SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS TO BE HEALTHY 5 MINERAL SOURCES FUNCTIONS CALCIUM SODIUM POTASSIUM MAGNESIUM PHOSPHORUS CHLORINE SULFUR Helps build and maintain bones and teeth Helps maintain water balance and nerve function Helps with water balance, makes protein, and functions of the heart Helps build bones and protein, aids in muscle contractions Helps build bones and teeth and aids in energy Helps maintain water balance and with digestion Forms part of some amino acids and B vitamins MINERAL DEFICIENCIES: Osteoporosis: Anemia: WATER: is essential to live % of your body is water All of your body s processes require. Dehydration is serious reduction in the body s water content. Symptoms include weakness, rapid breathing and weak heartbeat. Now... Figure out how many cups of water you should drink every day! YOUR BODY WEIGHT = / 2 = OUNCES ounces/ 8= CUPS OF WATER YOU SHOULD DRINK EXAMPLE EXAMPLE: YOUR BODY WEIGHT = 140 / 2 = 70/2 = 8.75 or 9 cups OF WATER YOU SHOULD DRINK

6 Gatorade vs Water Article Before reading the article, please answer the following questions In your opinion, which is better for your body and why do you think that way? 2. How is Gatorade shown in the media? Commercials, sports, etc.? 3. How is water showed in the media? Commercials, sports, etc.? While reading the article, please answer the following questions. 4. How many calories are in a bottle of Gatorade? How many calories are in a bottle of water? How many grams of sugar are in a bottle of Gatorade? How many grams of sugar are in a bottle of water? Gatorade can cause and damage? Water can cause and damage? 5. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics,. 6. Is Gatorade a SUPER DRINK or just SUPER HYPED by the media? 7. Which is the best choice to replenish and refuel?

7 Water challenge FYI: 8 ounces = 1 cup (fist size) 12 ounce bottle = 1 ½ cups of water 16.9 fluid ounce bottle = about 2 cups of water 20 ounces = 2 ½ cups 24 ounces = 3 cups Before you start: 7 1. Do you think it will be easy or hard to drink the correct amount of water for your gender? 2. What will be some things that could hold you back from completing you water goal? When the day is done: DAY 1 1. How much water were you supposed to drink? How much water did you drink in the day? Did you take in the correct amount of water? If not, why not? If yes, was it hard to do? DAY 2 1. How much water were you supposed to drink? How much water did you drink in the day? Did you take in the correct amount of water? If not, why not? If yes, was it hard to do? DAY 3 1. How much water were you supposed to drink? How much water did you drink in the day? Did you take in the correct amount of water? If not, why not? If yes, was it hard to do? 2. Did you notice any changes in your body or mood (more focused, body systems etc.)?

8 FOOD GUIDELINES FOR HEALTHY EATING 8 Above is the MyPlate that is associated with the Healthy Eating Guidelines. It is divided into 6 food groups. Below the six food groups are listed. Please give 4 examples of each of the food groups that you include in your daily diet. GRAINS VEGETABLES FRUITS FATS/OILS DAIRY PROTIENS

9 Food Groups Overview CHAPTER 8 TEST : YOU WILL BE ABLE TO USE YOUR NOTES, 9 BE PREPARED TO KNOW ALL ABOVE INFORMATION Use page 212 in your book Label and Color your food groups with the correct colors under each group give the correct serving size a 16 year old male and female where their activity level is MODERATE Cut out the name of foods on page 11 and paste them in the right food group FOOD GROUP GRAINS VEGETABLES FRUITS OILS/FATS DAIRY MALE SERVING FEMALE SERVINGS In moderation In moderation MEAT AND BEANS

10 10

11 Paste these foods under their correct food group. 11 Orange Pita bread Yogurt Spinach Green Beans Chocolate Fish Rice Grapes Pineapple Cottage cheese Potatoes Butter Black beans Tortilla Mango Milk Corn Cake Chicken Cereal Apples Cheese almonds

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