# NORTH AMERICA CONTENTS. What s in This Book Section 1: North America in the World Section 2: Political Divisions of North America...

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3 1 SECTION This section introduces students to the location of in the world Students learn about the difference between relative and absolute location, as well as the hemispheres in which lies Students also practice using lines of latitude and longitude to find places on a map Each skill in this section is based on the following National Geography Standards: Essential Element 1: The World in Spatial Terms Standard 1: How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective CONTENTS s Relative Location 6 s Hemispheres 8 s Absolute Location 10 Using a Projection Map 1 Review 1 Evan-Moor Corp EMC 71 The 7 Continents:

4 is the third largest of the seven continents on Earth It is about twice the size of Europe There are several ways to describe the location of this large continent Arctic Pacific NORTH Atlantic EUROPE ASIA AFRICA SOUTH Indian AUSTRALIA ANTARCTICA Relative Location Relative location is the position of a place in relation to another place If someone tells you that he or she lives in the western part of town near the zoo, that is an example of relative location On a globe or world map, you can describe s relative location in relation to other continents You can also describe s location in relation to the oceans that surround it Absolute Location The absolute location of a place is like its address Lines on a map or globe called latitude and longitude lines are used to describe exact locations on Earth Lines of latitude run parallel to the equator Lines of longitude run between the North and South poles The lines are numbered, measuring distances in units called degrees For example, Canada s capital city, Ottawa, has an absolute location of degrees north latitude, 7 degrees west longitude ( N latitude, 7 W longitude) You can find the absolute location of specific places in by using a projection map, which shows the round Earth on a flat surface and includes lines of latitude and longitude Hemispheres is located in the Northern and Western hemispheres That is why the absolute location of Ottowa includes the letters N and W They refer to the hemispheres in which Canada and all of belong The 7 Continents: EMC 71 Evan-Moor Corp

5 Fill in the bubble to answer each question or complete each sentence 1 is the -largest continent A second B third C fourth D fifth Which continent is south of? A Africa B South America C Asia D Europe Which of the following oceans does not border? A Indian B Arctic C Atlantic D Pacific Which statement is true about? A is located only in the Northern Hemisphere B is located only in the Western Hemisphere C is located in both the Northern and Western hemispheres D is located in both the Northern and Eastern hemispheres Relative location is A like an address B found by using lines of latitude and longitude C the hemisphere in which a place is located D the location of a place compared to another place Evan-Moor Corp EMC 71 The 7 Continents:

6 s Relative Location Relative location is the position of a place in relation to another place How would you describe where is located in the world using relative location? Look at the world map on the other page One way to describe s relative location is to name the other continents that border it For example, is west of Europe and north of South America Another way to describe the relative location of is to name the oceans that surround the continent For example, the Atlantic is east of, and the Pacific is west of it A Use the map on the other page to complete the paragraph about the relative location of is the third-largest continent in the world It is located directly west of the continent of to the cold South America is of To the north is the, while the Atlantic is borders the continent to the west of The B Follow the directions to color the map on the other page 1 Color the continent south of orange Use blue to circle the name of the ocean that is east of Draw a lion on the continent that is across the ocean from and southeast of A narrow strip of land connects to South America Circle it with yellow Greenland is a large n island to the northeast of the main part of the continent Color Greenland green 6 The 7 Continents: EMC 71 Evan-Moor Corp

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