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1 Name Date MULTIPLE CHOICE (2 points each) Directions: Mark the letter of the best answer on the scantron sheet. Use a PENCIL and be sure to fully mark your selection. 1. What strategy involving giving in to some of Germany s demands did Britain and France use in an attempt to prevent war in the 1930 s? (A) Cash and carry (B) Appeasement (C) Treaty of Versailles (D) Island hopping 2. By 1941, after aligning itself with Germany and Italy, the island country of Japan sought to (A) make peace with China. (B) invade Manchuria. (C) control Europe. (D) control Asia and the Pacific. 3. Prior to US involvement in WWII, why did tensions rise between Japan and the US? (A) The US vowed to stay neutral, refusing to ally with Japan. (B) Japan introduced high tariffs, effectively halting US imports. (C) Japan invaded Manchuria and China, threatening US holdings. (D) The US stopped buying Japanese petroleum, hurting the Japanese economy. 4. The immediate event that started World War II was (A) Britain and France s policy of appeasement. (B) the Treaty of Munich allowed Hitler to occupy part of Czechoslovakia. (C) Germany s invasion of Poland on September 1, (D) Hitler s alliance with the Italian dictator, Mussolini. 5. Although officially neutral, the United States increasingly helped Britain through actions like (A) the America First Committee. (B) the Lend Lease Act. (C) the Neutrality Acts. (D) enforcement of the arms embargo. 6. Which famous battle fought on Russian soil halted the German advance in WWII? (A) El Alamein (B) Battle of the Bulge (C) Normandy (D) Stalingrad 7. What happened during the Battle of Britain? (A) Germany joined the Axis powers. (B) Germany engaged in a three front war. (C) Germany bombed Britain for two months. (D) Germany entered into a nonaggression pact with Britain.

2 8. The standoff in negotiations between the United States and Japan involved (A) trading oil and steel for nonaggression in Asia. (B) competition between their naval forces in the Pacific. (C) the possession of Hawaii. (D) the growth of the military in Japan. 9. What ended the debate on American isolationism? (A) League of Nations (B) Invasion of Poland (C) Battle of Britain (D) Pearl Harbor 10. Which of these is the best way to describe the Battle of Stalingrad? (A) Primarily a tank battle (B) A clear cut example of a blitzkrieg (C) An easy victory for German forces (D) One of the deadliest battles in human history 11. The Navajo code talkers were instrumental in (A) breaking Germany s communication codes. (B) breaking Japan s communication codes. (C) creating a communication code that the Japanese could not break. (D) creating a communication code that the Germans could not break. 12. Which of the following best describes the Third Geneva Convention? (A) Determined international monetary exchange rates (B) Initiated regulations on the production of atomic weapons (C) Created principles for trade relations between Allied nations (D) Established rules governing the treatment of prisoners of war 13. A date which will live in infamy was President Roosevelt s description of the (A) invasion of Poland by Germany. (B) bombing of Pearl Harbor by Japan. (C) surrender of France after Paris was captured. (D) the Battle of Britain. 14. The principal war strategy that the United States and her allies agreed to pursue was to (A) defeat Hitler first. (B) sink Japanese merchant ships. (C) control North Africa. (D) bomb multiple targets.

3 15. Defeating Germany in North Africa was important for all of the following reasons except to (A) keep Middle East oil out of Germany s hands. (B) establish a military route to Europe through Italy. (C) provide military experience for untested American troops. (D) eliminate one route Germany could use to attack Russia. 16. The main reason that the Soviet Union became an ally of Britain and later the United States was because the (A) Soviet Union was communist and opposed Fascism. (B) Soviet Union mistrusted Japan. (C) Soviet Union needed the resources of Britain and the United States. (D) Soviet Union was attacked by Germany in spite of their 10 year Nonaggression Pact. 17. The liberation of Europe from Hitler began with the (A) invasion of Normandy Beach on the coast of France. (B) evacuation of British troops from Dunkirk on the coast of France. (C) defense of Britain by the Royal Air Force. (D) deciphering of German communication codes by British intelligence. 18. The Pacific victory that ended the Japanese threat to Hawaii and encouraged additional victories island by island was the battle of (A) Guam. (B) Iwo Jima. (C) Midway. (D) the Philippines. 19. Thousands of African American soldiers, including the Tuskegee airmen or Black Eagles, served bravely in WWII despite (A) a reluctance to serve. (B) discrimination at home and segregated units. (C) poor training. (D) strong feelings against the war. Compulsory exclusion of large groups of citizens from their homes, except under circumstances of direct emergency is inconsistent with our basic governmental institutions. But when under conditions of modern warfare our shores are threatened the power to protect must be [equal to] the threatened danger. Korematsu v. United States, This Supreme Court decision was used to (A) end immigration from Germany. (B) limit trade with communist China. (C) uphold African American segregation. (D) justify Japanese American internment.

4 21. Which of the following most accurately characterizes the Nuremberg Trials? (A) Were not covered by the US media (B) Focused on high ranking Japanese officials (C) Held German officers responsible for war crimes (D) Denied financial compensation to Jewish victims 22. Despite removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast, (A) Japanese Americans, or Nisei, served honorably in segregated units. (B) Japanese Americans were still disloyal to the United States government. (C) Japanese were still allowed to emigrate to the United States. (D) Japanese businesses on the West Coast prospered. 23. Hitler s plan to eliminate all Jews from the countries that Germany controlled was called (A) the Final Solution. (B) the Holocaust. (C) Kristallnacht. (D) Aryan superiority. 24. Car manufacturers changing to tank manufacturing would be an example of how businesses (A) downsized to save money. (B) distributed equal benefits. (C) retooled to wartime production. (D) upgraded to meet the needs of the people. 25. Which of the following is NOT a way that women contributed to the war effort? (A) Growing victory gardens (B) Fighting on the front lines (C) Participating in the workforce (D) Serving in non combat, military roles 26. The trials that judged the crimes of Nazi leaders at the end of WWII were held in (A) Auschwitz, Poland. (B) Yalta, Soviet Union. (C) London, England. (D) Nuremberg, Germany. 27. Rosie the Riveter was a poster girl that symbolized (A) the end of stay at home moms. (B) new fashions for women. (C) the role of women in the workforce in the United States. (D) a reminder to men that they can be replaced.

5 28. During World War II, this poster was used primarily to (A) contain the spread of communism. (B) create jobs for the unemployed. (C) gain financial support for the war. (D) convince women to fill vacant factory jobs. 29. What act describes the brutal treatment of American and Filipino prisoners of war after the Japanese victory in the Battle of the Philippines? (A) Bataan Death March (B) Lend Lease Act (C) Tripartite Pact (D) blitzkrieg 30. Facing the prospect of losing hundreds of thousands of American lives, President ordered the atomic bomb dropped. (A) Roosevelt (B) Eisenhower (C) Wilson (D) Truman 31. With respect to finding better jobs, the war years marked a period of for African Americans. (A) decline (B) advance (C) stagnation (D) uncertainty

6 32. Roosevelt s decision to remove people of Japanese ancestry to internment camps was a response to (A) strong anti Japanese sentiment. (B) verified reports of Japanese Americans acting as spies. (C) the lack of Japanese Americans serving in the armed forces. (D) rumors that the Japanese were developing an atomic bomb. 33. Which of the following statements most accurately reflects Roosevelt s feelings toward joining the war? (A) He agreed with the isolationists and promoted an isolationist policy. (B) He did not understand the position of isolationists and was eager to join the war. (C) He wanted to avoid the war because he did not see it as a threat to the United States. (D) He wanted to help the Allies but had to appease US citizens who opposed entering the war. 34. At the end of World War I, many new democracies were established in Europe. In the years between the two world wars, what happened to most of these democracies? (A) They thrived. (B) They became Communist. (C) They were torn apart by civil wars. (D) They were replaced by dictatorships. MATCHING (2 points each) Directions: Write the letter of the battle described by each statement. You may use each battle more than once. Description 35. Prevented Hitler from gaining access to Middle Eastern oil supplies 36. Months long siege on a city by Germany resulting in thousands of soldiers killed 37. Beach invasion that began the liberation of Europe from Hitler 38. American naval forces defeated a much larger Japanese force in the Pacific, considered the major turning point of the war in the Pacific 39. Britain defeated a German attempt to seize Egypt and the Suez Canal 40. Part of the island hopping campaign, victory brought Americans closer to Japan than ever before Battle a. Battle of Midway b. El Alamein c. Iwo Jima and Okinawa d. Normandy invasion (D Day) e. Stalingrad Continued on next page

7 SHORT ANSWER (5 points each) Directions: On a separate sheet of notebook paper, answer the questions using complete sentences. 41. Describe two specific ways the media and entertainment industries supported the war effort. Give examples for each. 42. Analyze the effects World War II had on the lives of women and African Americans using specific examples. Think about: o job opportunities created by the war o military service ESSAY (10 points) Directions: Answer the following question in at least a three paragraph essay 43. What forced Franklin D. Roosevelt to wait until the bombing of Pearl Harbor before entering the war? Think about: o American citizen s feelings about the war o which branch of government has the power to declare war o the location of the war

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