WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer

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1 WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course History 2 Foreign Policy Unit of Study Unit 5: World War II (6.1, 6.2, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3) War Unit Title World War II Change Pacing 6 Days Unit Overview The fifth unit of History 2 examines World War II through the lenses of Foreign Policy, War, and Change. U.S. Foreign Policy World War I left Europe in economic turmoil. The Great Depression further complicated the situation. Desperate to seek an end to economic troubles, European citizens looked for new leaders to bring about change. For some countries, new leadership would come in the form of dictators who promised to usher in a new age of prosperity and power. After World War I, the moved to a policy of isolationism. Though there was economic growth in the 1920s, the faced its worst economic crisis in the 1930s. The importation of foreign goods was limited by tariffs as a measure to boost the economy, which furthered the economic crisis in Europe. The authoritarian leaders of Germany, Italy, and Japan used the weak economies of Europe to gain territory. Still trying to recover from the damage of World War I, and dealing with weakening economies, European nations used appeasement to deal with the aggressive actions of Germany and Italy. Unfortunately, war was inevitable. At the start of World War II, the continued its isolationist policies. As the war waged on, it became clear that allies needed assistance. Still sticking with a neutral stance, the developed a lend-lease policy to provide the Allied Powers with weapons and other supplies. U.S. Involvement in World War II The adherence to neutrality would end when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, This action brought the into a war that it desperately tried to avoid. This attack would permanently change the role the would play in international affairs. s quickly strapped on their patriotic boots in support of the war effort. Men from all racial/ethnic backgrounds enlisted to fight on the front and made significant contributions to the success of the Allied forces. Production of non-essential war products was halted and food and supplies were rationed in order to ensure troops had necessary supplies. Women took on nontraditional work roles and volunteered for non-combat positions in the military. Even though s were united in their efforts to fight the Axis Powers, they were not united regarding rights and equality. African s moved to the Midwest for better jobs. Their arrival in already crowded cities led to increased racial tensions and discrimination. Mexican s faced

2 similar problems in California. Due to the fear that Japanese s might be working for the enemy, they were sent to live on internment camps. Ending World War II As the Axis Power began to weaken in Europe, the leaders of Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the met in Yalta, Crimea in the early part of 1945 to discuss how to rebuild post-war Europe and administer Germany. Once the war in Europe had ended, the was able to focus on ending the war in the Pacific. The sudden death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt left new President Harry Truman in charge of ending the war with Japan and bringing the troops home. Another meeting between the leaders of Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the was held in the summer of 1945 in Potsdam, Germany. The continued discussion of war reparations, land settlements, and land governing magnified the already tense relations between the and the Soviet Union. With his sights set on ending the war with Japan as quickly as possible, President Truman made the decision to utilize a new weapon: the atomic bomb. Though President Truman felt confident in making this decision, citing it would prevent over a million Allied casualties, it was a controversial decision at the time and is still debated today. Regardless of the controversy, the use of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki brought World War II to an end. Unit Enduring Understanding(s) 1. Foreign policy can influence decisions regarding war. 2. War can impact the authority of political leaders. 3. Traditional roles of people and nations can change as a result of war. Unit Essential Question(s) 1. How can a nation s foreign policy influence its response to war? 2. How does war affect the authority of political leaders? 3. How can war lead to changes in the established roles of people and nations? Essential State Standards Priority Objectives Explain how national economic and political interests helped set the direction of foreign policy since reasons for global wars and the influence each involvement had on international affairs. Supporting Objectives AH2.H.8.3 Evaluate the extent to which a variety of groups and individuals have had opportunity to attain their perception of the Dream since AH2.H.7.1 impact of wars on politics since

3 impact of wars on the economy since AH2.H.7.3 impact of wars on society and culture since Unpacked Concepts (students need to know) AH2.H.3.1 how economic, political, social, military and religious factors influenced United States imperialism how national economic and political interests helped set the direction of foreign policy Unpacked Skills (students need to be able to do) AH2.H.3.1 Analyze (influence) Explain (interests) COGNITION (RBT Level) AH2.H.3.1 Analyzing reasons for global wars and the influence each involvement had on international affairs AH2.H.7.1 impact of wars on politics impact of wars on the economy AH2.H.7.3 impact of wars on society and culture Explain (reasons and influence) AH2.H.7.1 Explain (impact) Explain (impact) AH2.H.7.3 Explain (impact) AH2.H.7.1 AH2.H.7.3

4 Standard(s) Unit Chunking & Enduring Understandings Suggested Lesson Essential Questions Possible Factual Content (Bold Found in Standards) Example(s) From Unpacked Standard Explain how national economic and political interests helped set the direction of foreign policy since reasons for global wars and the influence each involvement had on international affairs. impact of wars on the economy since U.S. Foreign Policy A country may provide economic support to allies that are at war. Why did the shift its foreign policy from isolationism to aid the Allied Powers at the start of World War II? Europe - political and economic conditions * authoritarian rule US Foreign Policy - isolationism * practices * withdraw to aid Allied Powers - neutrality to Interventionism - Hawley-Smoot Tariff - Four Freedoms - lend-lease policy How and why economic and political conditions in Europe after World War I led to the rise of authoritarian rulers and the onset of World War II. How and why foreign policy shifted from neutrality to interventionism at the beginning of World War II. How, why, and to what extent s mobilized and economically sacrificed on behalf of allied and national efforts in world wars.

5 AH2.H.7.1 impact of wars on politics since *Though most unit plans count each LEQ as a one day topic, it would be suggested that the first two questions in this section be combined into one day and spend two days on the third question. U.S. Involvement in World War II impact of wars on the economy since AH2.H.7.3 impact of wars on society and culture since Foreign attacks on a nation often result in political and cultural support in defense of the nation. Soldiers put aside cultural disparities to contribute to the defense of their nation. How did the attack at Pearl Harbor impact the political and cultural support for U.S. World War II? How did the actions of soldiers contribute to the Allies success in World War II? US Prepare and Request for War - Pearl Harbor War Effort on the Front - soldiers * fight for freedom and democracy - ethnic groups * Tuskegee Airmen * bracero program * Indian code talkers - intelligence services How political leaders used foreign aggression as opportunities to prepare for and request war. How various ethnic groups within the contributed to war efforts. Citizens may take How did America s Home Front - politics * propaganda ~ appeal to patriotism ~ sell war effort ~ use of media + newspaper, radio, film * restrict civil How, why, and to what extent s mobilized and economically sacrificed on behalf of allied and national efforts in world wars.

6 on new roles in society and be forced to give up rights during a time of war. World War II politically, economically, and socially impact s at home? liberties - economics * rationing * war bonds * war industry * farming gains * labor unrest and strikes - people * sacrifice for war ~ Wheatless Wednesdays * African s ~ Great Migration ~ Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) * Japanese s ~ Japanese- internment camps * women ~ WAVES ~ Rosie the Riveter ~ perception change - literature, art, music, pop culture How and why world wars and the contributions of women during times of war impacted the perceptions and roles of women in society. How, why and to what extent the federal government restricted the civil liberties of various groups of s during times of war. Explain how national economic and political interests helped set the direction of foreign policy since reasons for Ending World War II Nations that win global conflicts often take on leadership roles in global affairs. How did the ending World War II affect its future foreign affairs? Allied Conferences Truman Atomic Bomb - rationalization - impact foreign policy How President Truman and his administration rationalized using the atomic bomb to end World War II and how that decision affected United States foreign policy. How and why World War II ended and how a series of Allied

7 global wars and the influence each involvement had on international affairs. conferences would help initiate the Cold War. HISTORY Alliances Conflict Leadership GEOGRAPHY CIVICS & GOVERNMENT Individual Rights National Identity Politics Power Trade ECONOMICS CULTURE Culture Values and Beliefs Language Objective EXAMPLES Historical Thinking and Geography Skill Resources Straight Ahead Uphill Mountainous Historical Thinking Geography Skills.

8 General Unit Resources Straight Ahead Uphill Mountainous Text differentiation symbols: Texts will be categorized in teacher resource documents as Straight Ahead (less challenging for struggling readers), Uphill (having some challenging words and more complex sentence structure that is appropriate for on-grade level readers), or Mountainous (containing challenging vocabulary, complex sentences, and more abstract ideas).

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