Section 1 Hitler s Lightning War

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1 World War II

2 Section 1 Hitler s Lightning War

3 Setting the Stage Hitler used the turmoil of German life after World War I to come to power. Nonaggression Pact signed between Stalin (Russia) and Hitler (Germany) Stalin and Hitler had agreed which countries each could take over.

4 Germany Sparks a New War In Europe Germany s Lightning Attack September 1, 1939 Blitzkrieg attack on Poland by Germany September 3, 1939 France declares war on Germany.

5 The Soviets Make Their Move September 17 th, Stalin sent Soviet troops to occupy eastern Poland. Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia fall without struggle. Finland Resists. 1 million Soviet troops were sent to Finland. March 1940 Finland is forced to Surrender.

6 The Phony War (sitzkrieg) French and British troops are stationed at the Maginot line. German troops are stationed at the Siegfried Line. Nothing happens

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12 April 9, 1940 Hitler launches a surprise invasion of Norway and Denmark. Germans begin to build bases there to strike at Great Britain.

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14 The Fall of France May 1940 Germany takes the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxemburg. Hitler sends troops and tanks through the Ardennes to squeeze past the Maginot Line. Germany reaches France s west coast in ten days.

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16 Rescue at Dunkirk End of May 1940 Allied troops forced to Dunkirk Britain sends 850 amateur ships to rescue the soldiers.

17 France Falls June 14, 1940 Paris falls to Germany June 22, 1940 France fully surrenders

18 Southern France left to a puppet government headed by Marshal Philippe Petain. Vichy, France was the new capital.

19 General Charles de Gaulle set up a government in exile in London.

20 The Battle of Britain Winston Churchill was England's new Prime Minister.

21 Summer of 1940 the Luftwaffe attacked Britain s airfields and planes.

22 September 7, 1940 the Luftwaffe began focusing on cities such as London

23 The R.A.F. (Royal Air Force) had two technological devices that helped turn the tide.

24 1. Radar

25 2. A captured German Enigma machine

26 October 1940 Germans gave up daylight raids in favor of night raids. The Battle for Britain stopped May 10, Hitler turned his attention to the Mediterranean and Eastern Europe.

27 The Mediterranean and the Eastern Front

28 Axis Forces Attack North Africa Germans first objective was North Africa September 1940 Mussolini ordered his troops to attack British held Egypt. The Suez Canal was key to reaching the oil fields of the Middle East.

29 Britain Strikes Back February 1941 British swept 500 miles and took 130,000 Italian prisoners. Hitler had to support Mussolini. Germany dispatched the Afrika Korps, under command of General Erwin Rommel. British caught off guard and forced to retreat.

30 January 1942, British pushed Rommel back to where he had started. June 1942, Rommel pushes British out of Egypt. Earns the nickname Desert Fox

31 The War in the Balkans Hitler continued to plan on invading the U.S.S.R. He began building bases in Southeast Europe for just such an attack. After a threat of force Romania, Bulgaria, and Hungary joined the Axis. Yugoslavia and Greece resisted.

32 Yugoslavia fell in 11 days. Greece fell in 17.

33 Hitler Invades the Soviet Union

34 Operation Barbarossa (June 22, 1941) Germany drove 500 miles into the U.S.S.R. When Russians retreated they once again practiced their Scorched Earth Strategy.

35 September 8 th, Germany took Leningrad By November the city was cut off. Hitler was ready to starve out the 2.5 million residents Nearly 1 million died in the winter of The city did not fall.

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38 October 2 nd 1941, Hitler begins to move to Moscow. December 1941, Germany reaches the outskirts of Moscow. The Russian General Georgi Zhukov counterattacks

39 Germany, in summer uniforms, retreat. Hitler issues an order NO RETREAT The Germans dug in 125 miles outside of Russia and held out till They gained nothing, but lost 500,000 lives.

40 The United States Aids Its Allies Few Americans wanted to get involved Congress passed a series of Neutrality Acts

41 Lend-Lease Act (1941) German subs ordered to attack ANY cargo ship.

42 Atlantic Charter- Roosevelt and Churchill September 4 th, 1941 In response to a U-Boat attack President Roosevelt issues a command that all U.S. Navy ships are to sink Nazi Submarines.

43 Section 2 Japan s Pacific Campaign

44 Setting the Stage The Japanese sought to build their own empire.

45 Surprise Attack on Pearl Harbor Japan began conquering Southeast Asia. Roosevelt responded by arming Chinese resistance groups and cutting off oil shipments to Japan. Japan seized American outposts

46 Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto assembles a large fleet to take out the American Naval Station at Pearl Harbor.

47 Day of Infamy December 7, Surprise attack at Pearl Harbor 19 ships destroyed or sunk 8 battleships 2,300 Americans died 1,100 wounded Roosevelt asks for and gets a declaration of war.

48 At the same time Japan attacked Hong Kong, Guam, Thailand and Wake Island.

49 Japanese Victories Japan took the Philippines, Singapore, Malay, Dutch East Indies, Burma Japanese cruel masters Bataan Death March 50 mile hike, 70,000 began and 54,000 finished.

50 Bataan Death March

51 The Allies Strike Back April 1942 Doolittle s Raid, 16 B-25s bombed Tokyo

52 The Allies Turn the Tide Battle of the Coral Sea Allies had stopped Japans southward advance

53 The Battle of Midway June 4 th to June 7 th 1942 Turned the tide of war in the Pacific.

54 An Allied Offensive General Douglas MacArthur Island Hoping

55 Battle of Guadalcanal (Part 1)

56 Battle of Guadalcanal (Part II)

57 The Holocaust Begins Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)

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