VUS.11,12 World War II

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1 Name: Class: Date: VUS.11,12 World War II Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Adolf Hitler blamed Germany s economic problems on a. weak German ruler. c. democratic form of government. b. Jews, France, and Great Britian. d. Slavs, United States, and U.S.S.R. 2. Which two European Leaders signed the Munich pact proimising not to attack each other? a. Hitler and Churchill c. Hitler and Stalin b. Stalin and Mussolini d. Hitler and Roosevelt 3. Which European leader started the Great Purge to eliminate all political opponents? a. Josph Stalin c. Winston Churchill b. Adolph Hitler d. Benito Mussolini 4. Germany was stopped from obtaining oil in the Middle East at the battle of a. El Alamein c. Narmandy b. Britain d. Stalingrad 5. The Bataan Death March took place on what Pacific Island? a. Iwo Jima c. Hawaii b. Midway d. Phillipines 6. The conduct of war often reflects the social and moral codes of a nation is a quote from what meeting after World War II? a. Nuremburg Trials c. Wannasee Conference b. Geneva Convention d. Yalta Conference 7. Which US President pushed the Lend-Lease Act through Congress to aid Great Britain? a. Herbert Hoover c. Woodrow Wilson b. Harry Truman d. Franklin Delanor Roosevelt 8. The systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political or religios group is known as a. blitzkrieg c. genocide b. final solution d. homocide 1

2 Name: 9. Prior to entering World War II, the United States reaction to aggression in Asia was to a. impose an embargo on oil and steel shipments to Japan b. end all American aid to China through lend-lease c. supply military troops and equipment to Korea d. direct members of the League of Nations to take action 10. [African-American combat units, upon completion of training, have not been sent to theaters of operations.... The personnel transferred from these... units is reduced in morale. The commissioned and enlisted personnel... can only look forward to another period of... preparation. They can hardly hold out... hope for an opportunity for combat.] General Benjamin O. Davis, November 9, 1943 Based on this quotation, African-American soldiers during World War II a. lacked the proper training c. protested the integration of military units b. wanted to serve in battle d. refused to join units headed to overseas duty 11. What was the primary cause of the African-American migration to cities in the early 1940s? a. Crop failures from drought c. Desegregation of the South b. Job opportunities in war plants d. Passage of the Civil Rights Act 12. [This dialect is thus equivalent to a secret code to the enemy, and admirably suited for rapid, secure communication.] General Clayton Vogel, 1942 General Clayton Vogel s statement refers to the military use of a. Nisei regiments c. the Navajo language b. German equipment d. the Tuskegee Airmen 13. The Geneva Convention established rules governing a. production of atomic weapons c. treatment of prisoners of war b. monetary exchange rates d. trade between nations 2

3 Name: 14. [Compulsory exclusion of large groups of citizens from their homes, except under circumstances of direct emergency... is inconsistent with our basic governmental institutions. But when under conditions of modern warfare our shores are threatened... the power to protect must be [equal to]... the threatened danger.] Korematsu v. United States, 1944 This Supreme Court decision was used to a. end immigration from Germany c. uphold African-American segregation b. limit trade with communist China d. justify Japanese-American internment 15. The United States government dealt with the press during World War II by a. banning the use of film coverage about the war b. limiting the ability of the media to report about the war c. requiring basic training for correspondents during the war d. encouraging journalists to spy on civilians during the war 16. Which of these statements about the Nuremberg Trials is most accurate? a. The trials were not covered by the media in the United States. b. The trials held German officers responsible for war crimes. c. The trials denied financial compensation to Jewish victims. d. The trials focused on high-ranking Japanese officials. 3

4 Name: 17. Yesterday, December 7, 1941 a date which will live in infamy... I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense... No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a speech to the U.S. Congress President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered this speech urging the U.S. Congress to a. declare war on Germany in response to submarine attacks on U.S. ships b. support the D-Day offensive at Normandy c. continue to support U.S. neutrality in World War II d. declare war on Japan for bombing Pearl Harbor 18. During the Holocaust, Adolf Hitler used concentration camps to a. conduct secret research to develop atomic weapons b. carry out his policy of genocide against the Jewish people c. imprison Allied soldiers captured in battle d. put Allied leaders on trial in a military court 4

5 Name: 19. This World War II poster shows that a. The government tried to recruit women to fight in the war b. the government sought women to fill jobs left vacant by men c. women refused to volunteer to help in the war effort d. female military officers commanded both male and female troops 20. The significance of the Allied invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944, was that it a. caused the Soviet Union to join the war c. liberated France from German control against Germany b. liberated Italy from German control d. forced Germany to surrender immediately to Allied forces 21. Which event is an example of geography playing an important role in the defeat of an invading army? a. The North Korean invasion of South Korea in 1950 b. The Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 c. The German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 d. The U.S. invasion of Cuba in

6 Name: 22. Some recent work by E. Fermi and L. Szilard, which has been communicated to me in manuscript, leads me to expect that the element uranium may be turned into a new and important source of energy in the immediate future. Albert Einstein, letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, August 2, 1939 The development referred to in Einstein's letter led directly to a. a government program to develop the atomic bomb b. the first funding of scientific research by the federal government c. the delivery of inexpensive electricity to U.S. consumers d. the creation of a new cabinet department 23. President Harry Truman justified his decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan by saying that this action would a. cause minimal damage to the c. shorten the war and save the lives of U.S. environment soldiers b. be cheaper than conventional weapons d. help scientific research 24. The Holocaust is the name given to the German Nazi program to a. exterminate Jews, Gypsies, and other groups in Europe b. enlarge the borders of Germany in Eastern Europe c. spread Adolf Hitler s ideas to other countries d. overthrow the governments in Greece and Turkey 25. Which group of Americans was forced out of their homes and businesses and placed in internment camps after the bombing of Pearl Harbor? a. Italian Americans c. German Americans b. Japanese Americans d. Chinese Americans 6

7 Name: 26. This poster represents the African-American attitudes during which war? a. Civil War c. World War II b. World War I d. Cold War 27. This poster during World War II encoouraged American citizens to-- a. Buy war bonds c. Support Nazism b. Ration war supplies d. Support German Internment 28. Although officially neutral, the United States increasingly helped Britain through actions such as the a. Neutrality Acts. c. America First committee. b. Lend-Lease Act. d. enforcement of the arms embargo. 29. After aligning itself with Germany and Italy, the island country of Japan sought to a. make peace with China. c. control Europe. b. invade Korea. d. control Asia and the Pacific. 7

8 Name: 30. The standoff in negotiations between the United States and Japan involved a. imposition of an embargo on exports of oil and steel to Japan. b. competition between their naval forces in the Pacific. c. the possession of Hawaii. d. the growth of the military in Japan. 31. The main reason the Soviet Union became an ally of Britain and later the United States was because the Soviet Union a. mistrusted Japan. c. was communist and opposed Fascism. b. needed the resources of Britain and the d. was attacked by Germany in spite of their United States. nonaggression pact. 32. The liberation of Europe from Hitler began with the a. invasion of Normandy Beach on the coast of France. b. evacuation of British troops from Dunkirk on the coast of France. c. defense of Britain by the Royal Air Force. d. deciphering of German communication codes by British intelligence. 33. Despite removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast, a. Japanese were still allowed to immigrate to the United States. b. Japanese Americans were still disloyal to the United States government. c. Japanese Americans, or Nisei, served honorably in segregated regiments. d. Japanese businesses on the West coast prospered. 34. The Navajo code-talkers were instrumental in a. creating a communication code that the Germans could not break. c. creating a communication code that the Japanese could not break. b. breaking Japan s communication codes. d. breaking Germany s communication codes. 35. The third Geneva Convention held in 1929 provided rules for a. avoiding civilian casualties. c. ending wars after a certain period of time. b. humane treatment for prisoners of war. d. avoiding future wars. 36. Hitler s plan to eliminate all Jews from the countries that Germany controlled was called a. Kristallnacht. c. the Holocaust. b. the Final Solution. d. Aryan superiority. 8

9 Name: 37. The mobilization in the United States for the war in Europe and Asia was possible because of the close working relationship between a. government and industry. c. civilian and soldier. b. automakers and armored tank makers. d. men and women. 38. A group that was not important in war production at home was the a. Japanese population. c. Mexican population. b. African American population. d. female population. 39. The government policy of removing Japanese Americans from the West Coast and other places into special camps was called a. mobilization. c. internment. b. isolationism. d. confinement. 40. Which of these events occurred first? a. Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. c. Germany invades Poland. b. Germany attacks the Soviet Union. d. Battle of Britain. 9

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