World War II. Invasion of Poland

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "World War II. Invasion of Poland"

Transcription

1 World War II World War II was fought from 1939 until 1945 in Europe, East Asia, North Africa, and in many places throughout the Pacific Ocean. It was caused by Germany's imperialistic desire for more territory. The war officially began with the invasion of Poland by German troops in Important events during World War II include the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, D Day, VE Day, and the dropping of the atomic bombs on Japan. Invasion of Poland In years before World War II, Germany's leader, Adolf Hitler, wanted his country to control more land. To this end, Hitler pursued a policy of territorial aggression during the late 1930s. Examples of German aggression included the re militarization of the Rhineland, the annexation of Austria, and the occupation of Czechoslovakia. At first, Hitler's actions were met with very little resistance by other nations because world leaders wanted to avoid another world war. This policy is often referred to as appeasement. Following the invasion of Czechoslovakia, world leaders began to understand that the policy of appeasement had failed. The French and British agreed to enter into an alliance with Poland, the country which seemed to be the next likely target of Germany's expansionist aims. Germany invaded Poland on September 1, On September 3, both Great Britain and France declared war on Germany in retaliation. The Blitz and the Battle of Britain The term "the Blitz," a shortened form of the German word "Blitzkrieg" (lightning war), commonly refers to the bombing of Great Britain by Nazi Germany during World War II. This period was part of the larger Battle of Britain, or the effort by the German Air Force (the Luftwaffe) to gain air superiority over the British Royal Air Force (RAF) during the summer and fall of Ultimately, Nazi Germany desired control of British airspace in order to launch Operation Sea Lion, an amphibious and airborne invasion of Great Britain. The video below shows a newsreel clip from the aftermath of one of the many bombings of London in The RAF utilized a new technology, radar (radio detection and ranging), in order to increase air defense capabilities. The British used radar to detect incoming air attacks, allowing planes from the RAF to take off in order to defend Britain's airspace before German planes were even visible to the naked eye. As a result, the Germans took heavy casualties, and by early 1941, the invasion of Great Britain was postponed indefinitely. Operation Barbarossa In June of 1941, Hitler broke the non aggression pact with the Soviets by invading the U.S.S.R. in a campaign known as Operation Barbarossa. Though the Germans were initially successful in conquering large areas of the Soviet territory, the Red Army did not collapse as Hitler had believed they would. Additionally, the onset of the harsh Russian winter slowed the German advance almost to a halt. This delay allowed the Red Army time to regroup. Though the Germans were successful in reaching

2 the outer limits of Moscow, the Soviet capital, they were then turned back by the Red Army and eventually forced to retreat. Operation Barbarossa changed the scope of World War II for Germany because it resulted in the opening of second front in Eastern Europe. This move went against Hitler's earlier stated aims of wanting to avoid the mistakes of the Germans in World War I, most notably having to fight a two front war. Pearl Harbor Prior to the beginning of World War II, tensions had built between the United States and Japan due to Japanese territorial aggression in China and the Pacific. In 1940, the Japanese entered World War II on the side of Nazi Germany. In early 1941, the U.S. ceased exporting oil to Japan, an action meant as a punitive measure and one that further escalated tensions between the two countries. On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the military base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The Japanese had hoped to destroy the U.S. Navy with the attack but failed to do so. The next day, on December 8, 1941, the U.S. declared war on Japan and entered World War II. Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, members of the Senate and the House of Representatives: Yesterday, December 7, 1941 a date which will live in infamy the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire. President Roosevelt's Speech to Joint Session of Congress, December 8, 1941 The picture used here is a famous image from the attack of Pearl Harbor. It shows a burning U.S. naval vessel, the U.S.S. West Virginia. The Battle of Midway The Battle of Midway was a naval battle fought from June 4 7, 1942, near the Midway Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. The battle began as a Japanese attack on United States forces in an attempt to cripple the

3 power of the U.S. in the Pacific. Though the battle ended in heavy losses on both sides, it was a major victory for the United States and has been called the turning point of the war in the Pacific. The Battle of Stalingrad The Battle of Stalingrad was an important event during World War II for a number of reasons. Fought from July 17, 1942, until February 2, 1943, the Soviet victory during the battle made it a major turning point of the war because of its devastating effect on the German Army. Many historians believe the Germans were never able to recover following the battle, and the weakening of the German forces allowed the Allies to successfully invade Western Europe in The battle was also the bloodiest in human history, with over 1.5 million combined casualties. D Day On June 6, 1944, the Allied forces landed on the beaches in Normandy, France, marking the beginning of Operation Overlord. Also known as D Day, Operation Overlord was the code name for the invasion of Western Europe by the Allies in their campaign to liberate Europe from the Nazis. The invasion at Normandy was one of the largest amphibious assaults ever conducted and was an important point in the war. Many historians call D Day the beginning of the end for Nazi Germany. The picture used here is a famous image taken from the one of the five main landing points, code named Omaha Beach. Omaha Beach saw some of the worst casualties of the D Day invasion. The Battle of the Bulge The Battle of the Bulge, initially known as the Ardennes Offensive, began on December 16, The battle was a major campaign launched by the Germans through the Ardennes Mountains in an attempt to defeat the Allies on the Western Front. Hitler believed that Allied troops were not very powerful in Western Europe, and a major offensive would cause their alliance to fall apart. In reality, the battle became the last major German offensive. With the German Army greatly weakened after the failed attack, the Allied forces were able to push further into Europe and re take conquered land.

4 Battle of Iwo Jima The Battle of Iwo Jima was fought from February to March of 1945 on the Japanese island of Iwo Jima. Some of the worst fighting of World War II occurred during this battle, with approximately 6,000 American soldiers killed and another 19,000 injured. Of the 21,000 Japanese soldiers fighting on the island, approximately 20,000 were killed during the battle. The picture used here shows American soldiers raising a flag over the island during the battle. VE Day Germany surrendered on May 8, 1945, which has become known as VE Day, or Victory in Europe Day. This day only marked the end of the European side of the war, however, and the war continued against Imperial Japan in the Pacific. Battle of Okinawa The Battle of Okinawa, also known as Operation Iceberg, was fought from March to June of 1945 on the Japanese island of Okinawa. The battle is well known for being the largest amphibious assault of the Pacific Theater as well as having some of the highest casualties of any battle of World War II. During the battle, approximately 100,000 Japanese soldiers were killed. Casualties for the Americans totaled nearly 50,000 with approximately 12,000 soldiers killed in action. Though World War II began in September of 1939, the United States did not officially enter the fight until December of 1941.Before this time, despite stating an official policy of neutrality, the United States in fact helped the Allied Powers Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and China by lending money and supplies needed for the war effort. The lesson below explains the domestic impact of World War II in more detail. Isolationism Isolationism can be defined as a policy in which a nation refrains from getting involved in military alliances, as well as the belief that a nation should avoid all wars that do not include territorial selfdefense. The United States followed a policy of isolationism after World War I. During the 1930s, the United States passed a series of laws called the Neutrality Acts that were based on this policy. These laws were partially a response to growing conflicts in the countries of Europe and Asia that eventually led to the outbreak of World War II. The Neutrality Acts of 1935 prohibited American trade with any nation that was participating in a war. In 1937 and 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt convinced Congress to pass new laws that

5 allowed the U.S. to trade with other nations that paid cash and transported their own goods, an idea known as the "cash and carry" clause. On October 5, 1937, President Roosevelt gave a speech known as the Quarantine Speech. In this speech, Roosevelt called for an international "quarantine of the aggressor nations" and expressed a desire to end the isolationist policies that had existed since the end of World War I. The Lend Lease Act By 1941 Great Britain could no longer afford to follow the cash and carry method. Great Britain was running out of money, and President Roosevelt was determined to help the British effort. He asked Congress to enact a policy that would allow the U.S. to give, lease, lend, or sell war supplies to countries fighting in the war. The Lend Lease Act of 1941 was a piece of federal legislation that allowed the United States to give aid to countries fighting in World War II. When the act was passed, the United States was not yet fighting in the war, but many people in the country believed the U.S. should help the war effort in some way. Fireside Chats President Roosevelt utilized available media to comfort the nation during a difficult time. Beginning during the years of the Great Depression, Roosevelt broadcast a series of 37 radio speeches, known as the "fireside chats," between 1933 and 1944 in order to keep the nation informed on a variety of topics. For example, on Tuesday, December 9, 1941, the day after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt gave a radio speech regarding the declaration of war on Japan and the U.S. entry into World War II. "Germany First" Shortly after the United States entered the war, Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met at the Arcadia Conference in Washington, D.C. At this conference, the two leaders agreed on a strategy known as "Germany First." Both leaders felt that Germany was the primary target, and the war efforts of both countries should be focused on the European Theater. This meant that Japan and the Pacific Theater would take on a secondary importance. Four Freedoms

6 On January 6, 1941, President Roosevelt gave his famous "Four Freedoms" speech during the 1941 State of the Union Address. In the speech, Roosevelt stated all human beings have a right to four basic freedoms. These include: the freedom of speech the freedom of religion the freedom from want the freedom from fear Historians believe this speech was meant to help increase support for U.S. involvement in World War II. It was later embraced by the United Nations, which based the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on the freedoms. The image below is a poster from World War II. The original painting was created by artist Norman Rockwell and was based on Roosevelt's Four Freedoms speech. The United States Office of War Information used the image as part of its propaganda campaign. Economic Impacts Entry into the war in 1941 pulled the United States economy out of thegreat Depression. Though government spending during the New Deal of the 1930s helped the economy, it could not compare with the massive flow of spending that started as soon as the United States entered the war. The United States began to ration supplies such as gasoline, nylon, rubber, meat, butter, and many food products in order to conserve these items for the war effort. Factories switched from production of consumer goods to production of military goods. Many women entered the workforce for the first time, taking over jobs left vacant by enlisted men who were fighting overseas.

7 "Rosie the Riveter" (pictured below) is a World War II era icon. She symbolizes the millions of American women who worked in heavy industry during this time. Executive Order 8802 On June 25, 1941, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 8802, which prohibited racial discrimination in war related industries. This order was largely in response to pressures from activists such as A. Philip Randolph. Randolph was a civil rights leader who worked to end racial discrimination in the war industries and the armed services. 442nd Regimental Combat Team The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was a highly decorated unit that fought in Europe during World War II and was composed entirely of Japanese Americans. For its size and time in combat, the group is the most decorated unit in U.S. military history. Tuskegee Airmen The Tuskegee Airmen were a group of African American pilots who fought in World War II. Established in 1941, they were placed under the command of Benjamin O. Davis, one of the few African Americans who had graduated from West Point at that time. The group was known for having an excellent combat record, but their crowning achievement was their near perfect record escorting bombers and other airborne military missions. The Tuskegee Airmen were active until Navajo Code Talkers Sending messages of military intelligence that could not be broken by the enemy during World War II became increasingly difficult, especially in the Pacific Theater. By 1942, the Allied Powers had yet to create a code for sending messages that could not be broken by the Japanese military. The codes became increasingly complex and therefore more difficult for Allied field units to decode. A single message could take upwards of 2 hours of decoding, costing precious time to troops in the

8 field. Because of this, many Allied military leaders argued that a better way to communicate needed to be devised. Phillip Johnston, a civilian living in California who had grown up on the Navajo reservation, approached the U.S. military with a proposition. Because the Navajo language has no alphabet and was almost impossible to master without early exposure, it had great potential to be shaped into an indecipherable code. In 1942, members of the Navajo tribe were enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps to be trained to head out into the field. Known as the Navajo Code Talkers, this group would work in the field as interpreters of the code. The code started with approximately 200 words, growing to 600 by the end of the war, and took Navajo words to represent military terms that they resembled. For example, the Navajo word for "turtle" was used to represent a tank. The code talkers were not allowed to write any part of the code down as a reference and had to rapidly recall every word even while in the field. The code talkers were able to decipher a code in 20 seconds, when the same code would have taken a coding machine over 30 minutes to decipher. The Navajo code to this day remains perhaps the only military code in history that was indecipherable to enemy intelligence. Internment Even before the United States entered World War II, anti foreign sentiments ran high throughout the country. Because of this, Italian Americans and German Americans were faced with persecution early in the war. Similar to the later internment of Japanese Americans, around 11,000 German Americans and a few hundred Italian Americans were placed in internment camps during the war. Unlike the small Japanese American population, however, the population of German and Italian Americans was very large, which meant the U.S. government was unable to send all German and Italian Americans to internment camps. Fearful of another attack by the Japanese on the West Coast, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942.This order established military zones that restricted residence within these areas. Though the government gave no explicit instructions to restrict a specific group of people, many American officials questioned the loyalty of Japanese Americans to the United States. The Executive Order was therefore used to restrict Japanese Americans from the West Coast and, as a result, the United States government placed many Japanese Americans into "War Relocation Camps" until the war was over. Approximately 120,000 Japanese Americans were placed in the 10 camps created throughout the country. This process is usually referred to as Japanese American internment. Internment was upheld by the Supreme Court in the case of Korematsu v. United States. The development of the atomic bombs at the end of World War II has been a heated topic in the years since the war. The following lesson describes the development and use of the atomic bombs and discusses a small part of the controversy surrounding their deployment at the end of the war. Developing the Atomic Bombs On August 2, 1939, prominent scientist Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt warning about the implications of the development of nuclear technology. In the letter, Einstein stated that extremely powerful bombs could be constructed from radioactive elements like uranium and that German scientists were already working on developing such a weapon.

9 One main result of the letter from Albert Einstein to President Roosevelt was the establishment of the Manhattan Project in Los Alamos, New Mexico. The Manhattan Project, led by theoretical physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, was given the task of developing the world's first atomic bomb. Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki The Potsdam Declaration was issued on July 26, 1945, and called for the immediate, unconditional surrender of Japanese forces. The language of the declaration was harsh, stating that Japan must surrender unconditionally or face "prompt and utter destruction." Japanese leaders refused to acknowledge the declaration. On August 6th and 9th, the only atomic bombs ever used in warfare were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The effects of the bombs were devastating. More than 70,000 people died in Hiroshima and another 75,000 died in Nagasaki. Both cities were almost completely destroyed, and more people later died due to the effects of radiation poisoning. Six days after the Nagasaki bomb was dropped, Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers. August 15, 1945, also known as Victory over Japan Day, marked the official end of World War II. Controversy President Harry S. Truman, along with other Allied leaders, made the decision to drop the bombs because of the belief that their use would force the Japanese to surrender quickly. Above all else, Truman and the Allied leaders wanted to avoid an invasion of the Japanese home islands at all costs, though the planning of such an invasion was already underway. This operation, code named Operation Downfall, was predicted to cause as many as a million casualties for the Allies and an even higher number for the Japanese. A controversy sprang up almost immediately after the atomic bombs were dropped. Those against the use of the atomic bombs at the end of World War II stated that the bombs were militarily unnecessary. People who supported this argument believed Japan would have surrendered eventually even without the use of the bombs.

World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT)

World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) WWII began on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. The Germans used a strategy known as blitzkrieg (lightening war), which involved coordinated

More information

Name: Period: Date: World War II

Name: Period: Date: World War II Name: Period: Date: 10 th grade American History: Chapter 26 Page 800 World War II 1938-1945 In this chapter, you will learn how the United States prepared for and fought in World War II. Life changed

More information

World War II Review Sheet Textbook Chapters 16 & 17 Brown Book Chapter 12

World War II Review Sheet Textbook Chapters 16 & 17 Brown Book Chapter 12 Name: Teacher: Period: World War II Review Sheet Textbook Chapters 16 & 17 Brown Book Chapter 12 1. Evaluate the Russian leader, type of government, and their aggressions leading up to WWII (529) 2. Evaluate

More information

SEPT. 1, 1939 GERMANY INVADED POLAND

SEPT. 1, 1939 GERMANY INVADED POLAND WORLD WAR II 5-4.4: Explain the principal events related to the involvement of the United States in World War II, including campaigns in North Africa and the Mediterranean; major battles of the European

More information

Georgia Studies. Unit 6: Early 20 th Century Georgia. Lesson 2: World War II. Study Presentation

Georgia Studies. Unit 6: Early 20 th Century Georgia. Lesson 2: World War II. Study Presentation Georgia Studies Unit 6: Early 20 th Century Georgia Lesson 2: World War II Study Presentation Lesson 2: World War II ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How do acts of aggression influence public sentiment toward conflict?

More information

Causes of WWII 1. List three of the causes of World War II that we discussed in class. a.

Causes of WWII 1. List three of the causes of World War II that we discussed in class. a. Unit 14 Quiz : World War II Fill in the blanks. NOTE: Not all blanks from the notes are on this quiz. You may use words once, more than once, or not at all. Causes of WWII 1. List three of the causes of

More information

U.S. and WWII UNIT 8 WWII- EUROPE AND AT HOME

U.S. and WWII UNIT 8 WWII- EUROPE AND AT HOME U.S. and WWII UNIT 8 WWII- EUROPE AND AT HOME America First Movement Many Americans at first did not want to get involved in WWII. Charles Lindbergh and the America First Movement spoke out against aiding

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE (2 points each) Directions: Mark the letter of the best

MULTIPLE CHOICE (2 points each) Directions: Mark the letter of the best Name Date MULTIPLE CHOICE (2 points each) Directions: Mark the letter of the best answer on the scantron sheet. Use a PENCIL and be sure to fully mark your selection. 1. What strategy involving giving

More information

Major events & Turning Points of World War II

Major events & Turning Points of World War II Major events & Turning Points of World War II Germany invaded Poland setting off war in Europe. The Soviet Union also invaded Poland and the Baltic nations. Germany invaded France capturing Paris Germany

More information

World War II Unit Test

World War II Unit Test World War II Unit Test Matching: Match the correct term on the left with its definition on the right (2 points each) 1. National Socialist 2. Treaty of Versailles 3. Fascism 4. Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression

More information

SOL Review World War II. Inflation Depression Germany Unemployment. - High (the value of money goes down).

SOL Review World War II. Inflation Depression Germany Unemployment. - High (the value of money goes down). SOL Review World War II Part I Causes and leaders of World War I Inflation Depression Germany Unemployment 1. Political instability and economic problems in Europe: - World Wide. - High war debt owed by.

More information

World War II. United States involvement from December 8, 1941 to European Theatre North African Theatre Pacific Theatre

World War II. United States involvement from December 8, 1941 to European Theatre North African Theatre Pacific Theatre World War II 1939 1945 United States involvement from December 8, 1941 to 1945 European heatre North African heatre Pacific heatre theatre is a term normally used to define a specific geographic area within

More information

World War II World War II The Dilemmas of Neutrality The Roots of War Hitler s War in Europe Trying to Keep Out

World War II World War II The Dilemmas of Neutrality The Roots of War Hitler s War in Europe Trying to Keep Out 1 2 3 World War II 1939 1945 The Dilemmas of Neutrality Why were most Americans reluctant to get involved in World War II? Holding the Line How did the Allies fare in 1941 and 1942? Mobilizing for Victory

More information

Name: Date: Hour: Allies (Russia in this instance) over the Germans. Allies (British and American forces defeated German forces in Northern Africa)

Name: Date: Hour: Allies (Russia in this instance) over the Germans. Allies (British and American forces defeated German forces in Northern Africa) Name: Date: Hour: World War II Use your textbook and other sources to complete the chart below regarding the significant events that took place during World War II. Answer the questions that follow in

More information

Chapter 27: Americans in World War II

Chapter 27: Americans in World War II Chapter 27: Americans in World War II 1941-1945 Section 1: Early Difficulties Objective 1: Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the Allied and Axis Powers in 1941. Objectives 2: Outline the steps that

More information

World War II. Chapter 36

World War II. Chapter 36 World War II Chapter 36 Allied Strategy Axis Powers - Germany, Italy, Japan Allied Powers - U.S., G.B., France, U.S.S.R.,# of others Many in the U.S. wanted to go after Japan b/c of Pearl Harbor Decided

More information

Unit 7. 5th Grade Social Studies World War II Study Guide. Additional study material and review. games are available at

Unit 7. 5th Grade Social Studies World War II Study Guide. Additional study material and review. games are available at Unit 7 5th Grade Social Studies World War II Study Guide Additional study material and review games are available at www.jonathanfeicht.com. Copyright 2015. For single classroom use only. All rights reserved.

More information

AVIATOR S FLIGHT LOG BOOK

AVIATOR S FLIGHT LOG BOOK AVIATOR S FLIGHT LOG BOOK NAME: SCHOOL: GRADE: DATE: Welcome to the US Freedom Pavilion: The Boeing Center at ore than 70 years ago, the United States and its Allies fought and defeated M Germany, Japan,

More information

4. Open the foldable and on the top left inside column, write EUROPEAN THEATER. Label the top right inside column: PACIFIC THEATER.

4. Open the foldable and on the top left inside column, write EUROPEAN THEATER. Label the top right inside column: PACIFIC THEATER. INSTRUCTIONS FOR WORLD WAR II FOLDABLE Neatness and creativity count as part of your grade on this foldable. The foldable does not have a lot of extra room in some places so be sure to place your information

More information

VUS.11,12 World War II

VUS.11,12 World War II Name: Class: Date: VUS.11,12 World War II Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Adolf Hitler blamed Germany s economic problems on a. weak German

More information

World War II. Essential Question: What are the causes and effects of World War II? Name Period. Unit Packet

World War II. Essential Question: What are the causes and effects of World War II? Name Period. Unit Packet World War II Unit Packet Essential Question: What are the causes and effects of World War II? Name Period 0 Learning Goals WWII Unit LG 1 WWII- Students was able to explain and analyze how the following

More information

WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer

WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course History 2 Foreign Policy Unit of Study Unit 5: World War II (6.1, 6.2, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3) War Unit Title World War II

More information

1/28/2016. The War in Europe. Major Battles of WWII. The War in Europe. The War in Europe

1/28/2016. The War in Europe. Major Battles of WWII. The War in Europe. The War in Europe Major Battles of WWII The War in Europe The War in Europe The War in Europe The Big Three Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin decided to defeat the Nazis before turning to the Japanese Stalin wanted the Allies

More information

COMMON CORE Lessons & Activities SAMPLE

COMMON CORE Lessons & Activities SAMPLE COMMON CORE Lessons & Activities TEACH IT TODAY! About this Book This Common Core Lessons and Activities Book allows you to immediately meet new Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts, as

More information

WORLD WAR 2 Political and economic conditions in Europe and throughout the world after World War 1 led directly to World War 2:

WORLD WAR 2 Political and economic conditions in Europe and throughout the world after World War 1 led directly to World War 2: Political and economic conditions in Europe and throughout the world after World War 1 led directly to World War 2: 1. The Treaty of Versailles, ending World War 1, was particularly harsh on Germany and

More information

STANDARD VUS.11a. STANDARD VUS.11b

STANDARD VUS.11a. STANDARD VUS.11b STANDARD VUS.11a The student will demonstrate knowledge of World War II by analyzing the causes and events that led to American involvement in the war, including military assistance to Britain and the

More information

Code talkers were American Indians who used their languages to help the United States military communicate in secret. This black-and-white photograph

Code talkers were American Indians who used their languages to help the United States military communicate in secret. This black-and-white photograph Navajo Code Talkers were small groups of American Indians who served in the United States armed forces in World War I (1914-1918) and World War II (1939-1945). Code talkers developed and used codes in

More information

You will also want to keep the following questions in mind as you review this material:

You will also want to keep the following questions in mind as you review this material: World War II When World War II began, the United States remained neutral. However, after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, the United States entered the war on the side of the Allies. Following the successful

More information

Europe Erupts in War 23-2

Europe Erupts in War 23-2 Europe Erupts in War 23-2 The Main Idea Far from being satisfied by the actions of France and Great Britain, Germany turned to force and triggered the start of World War II. Content Statement/Learning

More information

World War II in Europe

World War II in Europe P a g e 1 World War II in Europe Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which country was the first to use the Lend-Lease Act? a. Germany c. Great

More information

Ch. 24: World War II 1941-1945 Review Sheet. Axis Power Goals Country Leader Goals. Germany Adolf Hitler Dominate Europe and eliminate inferior Jews

Ch. 24: World War II 1941-1945 Review Sheet. Axis Power Goals Country Leader Goals. Germany Adolf Hitler Dominate Europe and eliminate inferior Jews US History 2 Ch. 24: World War II 1941-1945 Review Sheet Mr. Mulry Axis Power Goals Country Leader Goals Germany Adolf Hitler Dominate Europe and eliminate inferior Jews Italy Benito Mussolini Dreams of

More information

Power Point to accompany the lesson The Rise of Totalitarianism, the Start of World War II and the US Response, available in the Database of K-12

Power Point to accompany the lesson The Rise of Totalitarianism, the Start of World War II and the US Response, available in the Database of K-12 Power Point to accompany the lesson The Rise of Totalitarianism, the Start of World War II and the US Response, available in the Database of K-12 Resources To view this PDF as a projectable presentation,

More information

World War II: Chapter 16 Section 1 Hitler s Lightening War (491)

World War II: Chapter 16 Section 1 Hitler s Lightening War (491) World War II: Chapter 16 Section 1 Hitler s Lightening War (491) Blitzkrieg Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Battle of Britain Erwin Rommel Operation Barbarossa Atlantic Charter 1939 1. What did each

More information

World War II 1939-1945

World War II 1939-1945 World War II 1939-1945 The failure of European nations to stop the aggression of Adolf Hitler leads to World War II, with the United States officially being drawn into the war as a result of the Japanese

More information

The Great Patriotic War. THE U.S. in WORLD WAR II 1941-1945

The Great Patriotic War. THE U.S. in WORLD WAR II 1941-1945 The Great Patriotic War THE U.S. in WORLD WAR II 1941-1945 Georgia Standards SSUSH19 The student will identify the origins, major developments, and the domestic impact of World War II, especially the growth

More information

CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE: WORLD WAR II: FIGHTING THE GOOD WAR, 1939 1945 READING AND STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE: WORLD WAR II: FIGHTING THE GOOD WAR, 1939 1945 READING AND STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE: WORLD WAR II: FIGHTING THE GOOD WAR, 1939 1945 READING AND STUDY GUIDE I. The Approaching War A. Fascism and Appeasement B. The Arsenal of Democracy C. War with Japan II. On the Home

More information

Course: This unit is designed for an 11th grade American Studies course.

Course: This unit is designed for an 11th grade American Studies course. Wright 1 Sarah Wright World War II Unit Plan Unit Overview Course: This unit is designed for an 11th grade American Studies course. Topic: World War II Length: Eight 90-minute block periods Introduction:

More information

Section 1 Hitler s Lightning War

Section 1 Hitler s Lightning War World War II Section 1 Hitler s Lightning War Setting the Stage Hitler used the turmoil of German life after World War I to come to power. Nonaggression Pact signed between Stalin (Russia) and Hitler (Germany)

More information

Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States mobilizes for war.

Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States mobilizes for war. SLIDE 1 Chapter 17 The United States in World War II The U.S. helps lead the Allies to victory in World War II, but only after dropping atomic bombs on Japan. American veterans discover new economic opportunities,

More information

JAPAN AND THE ATOM BOMB: TASK INSTRUCTIONS

JAPAN AND THE ATOM BOMB: TASK INSTRUCTIONS JAPAN AND THE ATOM BOMB: TASK INSTRUCTIONS The key question: Was Hiroshima the biggest event of World War 2? Your task: You must argue the case that dropping of the A-bomb on Hiroshima in August 1945 was

More information

Chapter 26 World War II,

Chapter 26 World War II, Chapter 26 World War II, 1939 1945 Chapter Summary Chapter 26 offers a survey of World War II. Topics covered in this chapter include the complexities of the American struggle with neutrality; the American

More information

Where in the World War? Mapping WWII in the Pacific

Where in the World War? Mapping WWII in the Pacific Where in the World War? Mapping WWII in the Pacific A Lesson Plan from The Department of Education of The National D-Day Museum America s World War II Museum The National D-Day Museum 945 Magazine Street

More information

Matching: 10 3 points each

Matching: 10 3 points each 1 Name Date Matching: 10 questions @ 3 points each Match each event with the DIRECT RESPONSE that followed it. Each matching question stands alone; it is not related to the rest. Not all answers in the

More information

High School WWII Quiz Bowl Qualifier*

High School WWII Quiz Bowl Qualifier* The National WWII Museum s High School WWII Quiz Bowl Qualifier* (*Fair warning: actual Quiz Bowl questions will be even more challenging) Name: Directions: circle the correct answers below. Round One:

More information

Chapter 19 America Enters the War. Click on a hyperlink to view the corresponding slides.

Chapter 19 America Enters the War. Click on a hyperlink to view the corresponding slides. Chapter 19 Section 4 America Enters the War Click on a hyperlink to view the corresponding slides. Chapter Objectives Section 4: America Enters the War Explain how Roosevelt helped Britain while maintaining

More information

World War II: Lesson Plans (Overview)

World War II: Lesson Plans (Overview) Wright 1 Day One: (04/12/2011) Topic: Introduction: WWII, Totalitarianism Unit Goals 2, 3, 4 NCSS: Strand V World War II: Lesson Plans (Overview) 2. Concept Formation Lesson: Totalitarianism (60 minutes)

More information

World War 2 Project. By Cdt.Sgt.Allen.Devonlee & The other Guy (Dalton Barron)

World War 2 Project. By Cdt.Sgt.Allen.Devonlee & The other Guy (Dalton Barron) World War 2 Project By Cdt.Sgt.Allen.Devonlee & The other Guy (Dalton Barron) Propaganda (Germany) Most propaganda in Nazi Germany was made by the Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. Joseph

More information

Road to War & World War II. Chapter 35 & 36

Road to War & World War II. Chapter 35 & 36 Road to War & World War II Chapter 35 & 36 London Conference During the 1930s we were really only worried about the U.S. & ourselves London Economic Conference (1933) Hoped to form a global plan to fight

More information

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date:

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date: World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. World Book Student Database Name: Date: World War II: War in the Pacific World War II was the most destructive war in history. It

More information

Rise of ultranationalism in Japan

Rise of ultranationalism in Japan Rise of ultranationalism in Japan What happened to Japan after WW1 During WWI Japan was a member or the Allied countries. Their economy was largely based on exports (selling things) to the United States

More information

After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, they thought America would avoid further conflict with them

After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, they thought America would avoid further conflict with them CHAPTER 17 THE UNITED STATES IN WORLD WAR II SECTION 1: MOBILIZING FOR DEFENSE After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, they thought America would avoid further conflict with them The Japan Times newspaper said

More information

World War II in Asia. AP World History Chapter 29e

World War II in Asia. AP World History Chapter 29e World War II in Asia AP World History Chapter 29e Japanese Imperialism In the 1930s = Japan had seized much of China Japan now set its sights on French, British, Dutch and American colonies in Southeast

More information

World War II. American History II

World War II. American History II World War II American History II Adolph Hitler & Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler & Nazis given emergency dictatorial powers in March 1933 Used resentment of treaty & Jews as scapegoats Nuremburg Laws (1935)

More information

MacArthur Memorial Education Programs

MacArthur Memorial Education Programs MacArthur Memorial Education Programs World War II Primary Resources Flag Raising on Iwo Jima, February 23, 1945 Background President Woodrow Wilson described World War I as the war to end all wars. In

More information

Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century were centered on the

Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century were centered on the To what extent were the policies of the United States responsible for the outbreak and development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1949? Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century

More information

World War II and its impact on Texas. Grade 7 Social Studies Unit: 11 Lesson: 02

World War II and its impact on Texas. Grade 7 Social Studies Unit: 11 Lesson: 02 World War II and its impact on Texas Grade 7 Social Studies Unit: 11 Lesson: 02 What was World War II? WWII was a global conflict that involved almost every nation in the world. The U.S. was thrust into

More information

WWII Test - HONORS. 1. As a result of Franklin Roosevelt's unwillingness to support the London Conference,

WWII Test - HONORS. 1. As a result of Franklin Roosevelt's unwillingness to support the London Conference, WWII Test - HONORS 1. As a result of Franklin Roosevelt's unwillingness to support the London Conference, a. inflation in the United States was reduced. b. the United States was voted out of the League

More information

U.S. HISTORY 11 TH GRADE LESSON AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR II: THE PACIFIC THEATER 1941-1945

U.S. HISTORY 11 TH GRADE LESSON AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR II: THE PACIFIC THEATER 1941-1945 U.S. HISTORY 11 TH GRADE LESSON AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR II: Objectives: TEKS Social Studies US1A, US1C, US6A, US6B, US6C, US22B, US24A, US24B, US24C, US24D, US24E, US25A, US25D 1. The student

More information

World War I and 1920s South Carolina

World War I and 1920s South Carolina South Carolina Leaders Wade Hampton, a Democrat, was elected as governor of the state in 1876. This marked the end of Radical Republican rule in South Carolina. A group of Democrats known as the Redeemers

More information

Key Concepts Chart (World War II)

Key Concepts Chart (World War II) Unit 7, Activity 1, Key Concepts Chart Key Concepts Chart (World War II) Key Concepts + - Explanation Extra Information Treaty of Versailles fascism Nazism Treaty that ended WWI. The treaty that ended

More information

Main Battles and Events of World War II

Main Battles and Events of World War II Main Battles and Events of World War II Hitler, Mussolini and the Build-Up to World War II -In both Italy and Germany, Fascist states form in the years after WWI -In Italy, Mussolini (Il Duce) and his

More information

U.S. History Final Exam 2012 Review. Name: Date: Hour:

U.S. History Final Exam 2012 Review. Name: Date: Hour: U.S. History Final Exam 2012 Review Name: Date: Hour: The following is a list of important terms, people, places, and events that will be included on your final exam. Be sure you can identify and explain

More information

Guide for the Introducing World War II PowerPoint Presentation

Guide for the Introducing World War II PowerPoint Presentation Guide for the Introducing World War II PowerPoint Presentation The PowerPoint presentation serves three purposes. 1. Students are given the opportunity to use their listening skills, which were reviewed

More information

Activity Title: Advancing Across the Pacific (Elementary and Middle Schools)

Activity Title: Advancing Across the Pacific (Elementary and Middle Schools) Activity Title: Advancing Across the Pacific (Elementary and Middle Schools) Areas of the museum to visit for this lesson plan: The Admiral Nimitz Museum and the George H.W. Bush Gallery. Teacher Note:

More information

World War II Origins and Home Front. Chapters 34-35

World War II Origins and Home Front. Chapters 34-35 World War II Origins and Home Front Chapters 34-35 Origins of WWII Soviet Union 1917 Russian Revolution Communism - Vladimir Lenin 1924 Lenin dies Joseph Stalin comes to power Origins of WWII - Dictators

More information

8) The 1919 Treaty of Versailles ended WWI. It also stated that Germany had to

8) The 1919 Treaty of Versailles ended WWI. It also stated that Germany had to Multiple Choice 2 points each Mark the letter of the correct answer on your Scantron sheet. 1) Which day did FDR refer to when he said, A date which will live in infamy? (a) December 3, 1941 (b) December

More information

2. System where cargo ships traveled in groups Escorted by navy warships

2. System where cargo ships traveled in groups Escorted by navy warships Name: World War II Unit Test Please read the directions prior to beginning every section. Good Luck! Matching: Place the correct term with the correct definition. 1 point each. 1. He founded Italy s Fascist

More information

History Controlled Assessment Task. The Atomic Bomb

History Controlled Assessment Task. The Atomic Bomb General Certificate of Secondary Education History Controlled Assessment Task Unit 3: Investigative Study The Atomic Bomb [GHT31] VALID FROM SEPTEMBER 2016 MAY 2017 INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Candidates

More information

United States History II Final Exam Review

United States History II Final Exam Review United States History II Final Exam Review 1. Because of the Neutrality Act of 1937, America could not? 2. Hitler made his first grab for territory by sending troops into what country? 3. In the 1930s,

More information

WORLD WAR II CURRICULUM GUIDE P1

WORLD WAR II CURRICULUM GUIDE P1 WORLD WAR II CURRICULUM GUIDE P1 NAME PERIOD 1 1 Fill out this guide as we go through the WWII unit. This guide will be completed with partners, groups, and individually. 1. Elaborate on some of the problems

More information

AMERICA IN THE 20 TH CENTURY: WORLD WAR II: The Road to War

AMERICA IN THE 20 TH CENTURY: WORLD WAR II: The Road to War 1 PRE-TEST Directions: Read the following statements and circle whether they are True or False. 1. After World War One, many countries had difficulty dealing with war debts, hunger, and unemployment. 2.

More information

Comparing Canada s Demographics Before the First World War 1911 Before the Second World War

Comparing Canada s Demographics Before the First World War 1911 Before the Second World War Comparing Canada s Demographics Before the First World War 1911 Before the Second World War - 1931 German 5.6% First Na@ons 1.5% Other European Scandinavian 5.0% 1.6% Asian 0.6% Jewish 1.1% Black 0.2%

More information

Preview Sheet World War II

Preview Sheet World War II Preview Sheet World War II 1. Describe the following governments at the time of World War II: a. Totalitarian State in the Soviet Union b. Fascism in Italy c. The Nazi Party in Germany. 2. Name the leader

More information

Chapter 22: World War I. Four most powerful European nations in the early 1900s were Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia.

Chapter 22: World War I. Four most powerful European nations in the early 1900s were Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia. Chapter 22: World War I The Beginnings of World War I World War I was fought from 1914-1918. United States entered World War I in 1917. The Origins of Europe s Great War Nationalism Four most powerful

More information

Hitler s Lightning War

Hitler s Lightning War World War II Hitler s Lightning War Terms and Names Section 1 nonaggression pact Agreement that says countries will not attack or invade one another blitzkrieg Warfare in which surprise air attacks are

More information

Ch. 36 Fighting World War II/EQ: What military strategies did the United States and its allies pursue to defeat the Axis powers in World War II?

Ch. 36 Fighting World War II/EQ: What military strategies did the United States and its allies pursue to defeat the Axis powers in World War II? Ch. 36 Fighting World War II/EQ: What military strategies did the United States and its allies pursue to defeat the Axis powers in World War II? 36.1 Introduction After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the

More information

Name Class Date. World War II Section 1

Name Class Date. World War II Section 1 Name Class Date World War II Section 1 MAIN IDEAS 1. During the 1930s, totalitarian governments rose to power in Europe and Japan. 2. German expansion led to the start of World War II in Europe in 1939.

More information

World War II 1941 to 1945

World War II 1941 to 1945 World War II 1941 to 1945 Objectives: 10.01 Elaborate on the causes of World War II and reasons for the United States entry into the war. 10.02 Identify military, political, and diplomatic turning points

More information

Technology and the Second World War. Wartime Conferences

Technology and the Second World War. Wartime Conferences Technology and the Second World War Wartime Conferences Technology & World War 2 The Second World War was a total war, which means that everything a nation has, literally, is aiming toward one thing and

More information

UNIT 5: WW II AND THE COLD WAR 1. Examine causes, course, and consequences of World War II on the United States and the world.

UNIT 5: WW II AND THE COLD WAR 1. Examine causes, course, and consequences of World War II on the United States and the world. UNIT 5: WW II AND THE COLD WAR 1. Examine causes, course, and consequences of World War II on the United States and the world. Cause Course Consequence Treaty of Versailles Great Depression Rise of Fascism

More information

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. World History Turmoil between the World Wars Blizzard Bag

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. World History Turmoil between the World Wars Blizzard Bag Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. World History Turmoil between the World Wars Blizzard Bag 2014-2015 1. Referring to the maps above, which of the following statements best describes the result

More information

World War II In Shetland

World War II In Shetland World War II In Shetland Primary 5-7 World War II in Shetland Contents World War II begins War is declared as Hitler invades Poland, on page 3 What everyday life and life in Shetland was like during the

More information

US Conflict with Japan

US Conflict with Japan World War II US Conflict with Japan SWBAT: explain events that led to conflict between Japan and the US Do Now: What is the difference between isolationism and neutrality? Japan & US Conflict How did the

More information

Canadian History 1201

Canadian History 1201 Canadian History 1201 Unit 2 Canada 1930-1945 The Great Depression The Causes of World War II Rise of Hitler / Nazism in Germany 1930's: Study Questions / Terms Chapter 5: Canada in the 1930's (pgs. 139

More information

Chapter 17 WS - Dr. Larson

Chapter 17 WS - Dr. Larson Name: Class: _ Date: _ Chapter 17 WS - Dr. Larson Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES Match each name with his or her description below. You will not use all the names. a. Tojo Hideki b.

More information

A New World Order (1945-1956) Performer - Culture & Literature

A New World Order (1945-1956) Performer - Culture & Literature A New World Order (1945-1956) Marina Spiazzi, Marina Tavella, Margaret Layton 2013 1. Britain between the wars Disputes between the coal miners and the mine owners led to the General Strike of 1926. Unemployment

More information

The Treaty of Versailles

The Treaty of Versailles Payback For WWI The Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles After WWI, the League of Nations made Germany sign the Treaty of Versailles. Germany didn t have any choice whether to sign it or not.

More information

THE RISE OF DICTATORS

THE RISE OF DICTATORS Name: Period: World War II THE RISE OF DICTATORS http://www2.waterforduhs.k12.wi.us/staffweb/belot/chapter%2013%20-%20section%201.ppt 1. What is a Dictator? 2. What happened to Germany during WWI? 3. Why

More information

Why Does the US Enter World War II? Road to US Entry - 1936 to 1941 Look at slides and answer questions in RED

Why Does the US Enter World War II? Road to US Entry - 1936 to 1941 Look at slides and answer questions in RED Why Does the US Enter World War II? Road to US Entry - 1936 to 1941 Look at slides and answer questions in RED Photograph above is FDR addressing a join session of Congress on December 8, 1941 What is

More information

Treaty of Versailles Great Depression Rise of Dictators Fascism Expansionism Anti-Communism Nationalism Militarism Weak League of Nations

Treaty of Versailles Great Depression Rise of Dictators Fascism Expansionism Anti-Communism Nationalism Militarism Weak League of Nations Treaty of Versailles Great Depression Rise of Dictators Fascism Expansionism Anti-Communism Nationalism Militarism Weak League of Nations Isolationism and Pacifism Appeasement Failure of the League of

More information

Social Studies 11 Exam Review

Social Studies 11 Exam Review Social Studies 11 Exam Review Great Depression People were buying stocks on margins with 10% down-payment. Stock prices were rising rapidly and driving stocks up beyond their real value. Suddenly people

More information

1. Which of the following is NOT an argument in support of imperialism or expansionism?

1. Which of the following is NOT an argument in support of imperialism or expansionism? U.S I Quarterly Assessment Practice Test Circle the best answer to each question. 1. Which of the following is NOT an argument in support of imperialism or expansionism? A. The United States should become

More information

Unit 9: World War II. Chapters: 24-25

Unit 9: World War II. Chapters: 24-25 Unit 9: World War II Chapters: 24-25 Essential Questions 1) What political ideas are appealing to people during times of crisis and uncertainty? Why? 2) How do world conflicts and political changes impact

More information

World War I and Its Aftermath ( )

World War I and Its Aftermath ( ) World War I and Its Aftermath (1914 1919) SECTION 1 THE STAGE IS SET SURVEY CHAPTER 27 In the early 1900s the world seemed at peace. People joined anti-war groups. Leaders met to talk. At the same time,

More information

US History World War I Exam

US History World War I Exam Section I: Multiple Choice US History World War I Exam 1. Woodrow Wilson s ultimate goal at the Paris Peace Conference was to A. stop the spread of communism B. blame no one for starting the war C. force

More information

Was it in the national interest of the United States to stay neutral or declare war in 1917?

Was it in the national interest of the United States to stay neutral or declare war in 1917? Chapter 22 Essential Question Was it in the national interest of the United States to stay neutral or declare war in 1917? 22.1 In the spring of 1914, President Wilson sent a trusted advisor to Europe.

More information

German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance

German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance from employer. German initiated battle in western europe

More information

WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 9 th Grade

WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 9 th Grade WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 9 th Grade Global Economy Unit of Study Interwar Years and WWII (7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.6, 8.1) Power Nationalism Unit

More information

Note Taking Study Guide FROM APPEASEMENT TO WAR

Note Taking Study Guide FROM APPEASEMENT TO WAR SECTION 1 FROM APPEASEMENT TO WAR Focus Question: What events unfolded between Chamberlain s declaration of peace in our time and the outbreak of a world war? A. As you read Aggression Goes Unchecked and

More information

The Road to the Great War WWI

The Road to the Great War WWI The Road to the Great War WWI Causes of the War nationalism feeling that a specific nation, language, or culture is superior to all others imperialism creating an empire by taking over other nations (Britain,

More information