# National Curriculum for England 2014 Abacus Year 4 Medium Term Plan

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1 National Curriculum for England 2014 Year 4 always covers the content of the National Curriculum within the paired age range (i.e. Y1/2, Y3/4, 5/6). Very occasionally postpones something from the first year of a range e.g. Year 3 and teaches it in Year 4. This is to ensure a rigorous progression in terms of children's acquisition of mathematical skills. Less occasionally teaches something from the second year of an age range in the first year. This is to ensure that the building blocks are in place for more challenging topics and to allow critical and challenging skills to be consolidated and revisited. 1 Mental (MAS) *Y4.NAS.1 add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar where appropriate 2 Number and placevalue (NPV); Mental (MAS) 3 Mental Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP) 4 Measurement (MEA); Mental (MAS); Decimals, their equivalence to fractions (DPE) Find pairs with a total of 100; add to the next multiple of 100 and subtract to the previous multiple of 100; subtract by counting up to find a difference; adding several numbers Read, write 4-digit numbers and know what each digit represents; compare 4-digit numbers using < and > and place on a number line; add 2-digit numbers mentally; subtract 2-digit and 3-digit numbers Learn and facts for the 6 and 9x tables and identify patterns; multiply multiples of 10 by 1-digit numbers; multiply 2-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers (the grid method); find fractions of amounts Tell and write the time to the minute on analogue and digital clocks; calculate time intervals; measure in metres, centimetres and millimetres; convert lengths between units; record using decimal notation 3 Number - **Y3.NAS.4 solve problems, including missing number problems, using number facts,, and more complex *Y4.NPV.4 recognise the of each digit in a four-digit number (thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones) *Y4.NPV.5 order and compare numbers beyond 1000 *Y4.NPV.6 identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations methods of columnar where appropriate *Y4.NMD.1 recall multiplication facts for multiplication tables up to *Y4.NMD.2 use, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, *Y4.NMD.4 multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout 4 Number-fractions *Y4.NF.3 solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number 4 Measurement *Y4.M.5 read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12- and 24-hour clocks 3 Measurement **Y3.M.7 compare durations of events [for example to calculate the time taken by particular events or tasks] 3 Measurement **Y3.M.1 measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml) Page 1 of 10

2 National Curriculum for England 2014 Year 4 5 Written (WAS) 6 Mental Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP) 7 Number and placevalue (NPV); Written (WAS); Decimals, their equivalence to fractions (DPE) 8 Measurement (MEA); Statistics (STA) Add two 3-digit numbers using column addition; subtract a 3-digit number from a 3-digit number using an expanded column method (decomposing only in one column) Double 3-digit numbers and halve even 3-digit numbers; revise unit fractions; identify equivalent fractions; reduce a fraction to its simplest form; count in fractions (each fraction in its simplest form) Look at place-value in decimals and the relationship between tenths and decimals; add two 4- digit numbers; practise written and mental addition methods; use vertical addition to investigate patterns Convert multiples of 100g into kilograms; convert multiples of 100ml into litres; read scales to the nearest 100ml; estimate capacities; draw bar charts, record and interpret information methods of columnar where appropriate **Y4.NMD.2 use, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, *Y4.NMD.5 solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects 4 Number-fractions **Y4.NF.3 solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number 3 Number-fractions **Y3.NF.6 compare and order unit fractions, and fractions with the same denominators 4 Number-fractions *Y4.NF.1 recognise and show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions 3 Number-fractions **Y3.NF.1 count up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one-digit numbers or quantities by 10 4 Number-fractions *Y4.NF.5 recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number of tenths or hundredths methods of columnar where appropriate 4 Measurement *Y4.M.1 convert between different units of measure [for example, kilometre to metre; hour to minute] 4 Measurement *Y4.M.4 estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in 4 Statistics *Y4.S.1 interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs. 4 Statistics *Y4.S.2 solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs Page 2 of 10

3 National Curriculum for England 2014 Year 4 9 Number and placevalue Round 4-digit numbers to the **Y4.NPV.7 round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000 (NPV); Mental (MAS); nearest: 10, 100 and 1000; subtract 3-digit numbers using the expanded written version and the 3 Number - **Y3.NAS.2 add and subtract numbers with up to three digits, using formal written methods of columnar Written (WAS) counting up mental strategy and decide which to use methods of columnar where appropriate *Y4.NAS.2 estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation 10 Mental Use the grid method to multiply 3- digit by 1-digit numbers and **Y4.NMD.4 multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout Written introduce the vertical algorithm; begin to estimate products; divide numbers (up to 2 digits) by 1-digit **Y4.NMD.5 solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects division (WMD) numbers with no remainder, then with a remainder **Y4.NMD.2 use, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, 11 Number and placevalue (NPV) Place 4-digit numbers on landmarked lines; 0-10,000 and ; round 4-digit numbers to the nearest 10, 100 and 1000; mentally add and subtract to/from 4-digit and 3-digit numbers using place-value; count on and back in multiples of 10, 100 and 1000; count on in multiples of 25 and 50; add and subtract multiples of 10 and 100 to/from 4-digit numbers **Y4.NPV.6 identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations **Y4.NPV.7 round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000 methods of columnar where appropriate *Y4.NPV.1 count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1000 *Y4.NPV.2 find 1000 more or less than a given number *Y4.NPV.8 solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above and with increasingly large positive numbers Page 3 of 10

4 National Curriculum for England 2014 Year 4 12 Mental Use expanded written and compact written to methods of columnar where appropriate Written subtract pairs of 3-digit numbers (one exchange ); use expanded **Y4.NMD.1 recall multiplication facts for multiplication tables up to column and compact *Y4.NMD.3 recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations division (WMD); column to subtract pairs Written addition of 3-digit and 2-digit numbers from and 3-digit numbers (one carry ); learn **Y4.NMD.4 multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using (WAS); the 7 table and tricky facts; use formal written layout Measurement the vertical algorithm to multiply 3-4 Measurement **Y4.M.4 estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in (MEA) digit numbers by 1-digit numbers; solve simple money problems with decimals to two decimal places 13 Mental Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP) 14 Geometry: properties of shape (GPS) Use mental division strategies; find non-unit fractions of 2-digit and 3-digit numbers; find equivalent fractions and use them to simplify fractions (halves, thirds, quarters) Recognise and compare acute, right and obtuse angles; draw lines of a given length; identify perpendicular and parallel lines; recognise and draw line symmetry in ; sort 2D according to their properties; draw with given properties and explain reasoning; draw the other half of symmetrical **Y4.NMD.5 solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects **Y4.NMD.2 use, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, 4 Number-fractions **Y4.NF.3 solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number 4 Number-fractions **Y4.NF.1 recognise and show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions 5 Number-fractions *Y5.NF.1 compare and order fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number 6 Number-fractions *Y6.NF.1 use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination 4 Geometry- properties of *Y4.GPS.2 identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to two right angles by size 3 Geometry- properties of **Y3.GPS.4 identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines 3 Measurement **Y3.M.1 measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml) 4 Geometry- properties of *Y4.GPS.3 identify lines of symmetry in 2-D presented in different orientations 4 Geometry- properties of *Y4.GPS.1 compare and classify geometric, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes 4 Geometry- properties of *Y4.GPS.4 complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry. Page 4 of 10

5 National Curriculum for England 2014 Year 4 15 Mental Understand how to divide 2-digit and 3-digit numbers by 1-digit **Y4.NMD.2 use, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, numbers using place-value and **Y4.NMD.3 recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations Written division (WMD); mental strategies; divide numbers by 1-digit numbers to give answers between 10 and 25, with 4 Number - methods of columnar where appropriate Mental addition remainders; identify factor pairs and **Y4.NAS.2 estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation and use these to solve multiplications (MAS) s with larger numbers; 4 Measurement **Y4.M.4 estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in use Frog to find complements to multiples of 1000; use Frog to find change from 10, 20 and Decimals, their equivalence to fractions (DPE); Number and Recognise, use, compare and order decimal numbers; understand place-value in decimal numbers; recognise that decimals are tenths; round decimals numbers to the Number-fractions Number-fractions Number - **Y3.NF.1 count up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one-digit numbers or quantities by 10 *Y4.NF.8 round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number methods of columnar where appropriate place-value nearest whole number; divide 2-digit 4 Measurement **Y4.M.4 estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in (NPV); Written numbers by 10 to get decimal numbers; multiply decimal numbers (WAS) by 10 to get 2-digit numbers; divide 3-digit multiples of ten by 100 to get decimal numbers; multiply decimal numbers by 100 to get 3-digit multiples of ten; add 4-digit numbers using written method with answers 17 Mental addition and (MAS); Written (WAS); Decimals, their equivalence to fractions (DPE) greater than 10,000 Add amounts of money using written methods and mentally using place-value and number facts; choose to add using the appropriate strategy: mental or written; subtract, choosing appropriate mental strategies: counting up or taking away (using counting back, placevalue or number facts); solve s using a suitable written method (column ) 4 Measurement **Y4.M.4 estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in 2 Number - **Y2.NAS.2 recall and use facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100 methods of columnar where appropriate Page 5 of 10

6 National Curriculum for England 2014 Year 4 18 Measurement (MEA) 19 Number and place-value (NPV); Written (WAS); Mental (MAS) 20 Written division (WMD) Tell the time on a 24-hour clock, using am and pm correctly; convert pm times to 24-hour clock and vice versa; use 24-hour clock in calculating intervals of time; measure and calculate perimeters of rectilinear where each side is labelled in cm and m; find missing lengths in rectilinear composite ; find the perimeters of rectilinear with some lengths not marked; convert from one unit of length to another; solve word problems involving lengths including those involving perimeters Understand in 4-digit numbers; partition 4-digit numbers; solve of 4-digit numbers using column (decomposition); choose an appropriate method to solve s, either mental or written, and either column or counting up (Frog) Use the ladder method to multiply 3- digit numbers by 1-digit numbers; explore patterns; use mental strategies and tables facts to divide 2-digit and 3-digit numbers by 1- digit numbers to give answers between 10 and 35, without remainders; solve word problems 4 Measurement **Y4.M.5 read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12- and 24-hour clocks 4 Measurement *Y4.M.2 measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres 5 Measurement *Y5.M.2 understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints 5 Measurement *Y5.M.1 convert between different units of metric measure (for example, kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre) **Y4.NPV.4 recognise the of each digit in a four-digit number (thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones) methods of columnar where appropriate **Y4.NMD.4 multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout **Y4.NMD.2 use, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, **Y4.NAS.2 estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation *Y4.NAS.3 solve two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why **Y4.NMD.5 solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects Page 6 of 10

7 National Curriculum for England 2014 Year 4 21 Number and place-value (NPV) 22 Decimals, their equivalence to fractions (DPE) Read, write and compare 4-digit numbers and place on a line; find 1000 more or less than any given number; read, write and compare 5- digit numbers; recognise what each digit represents in a 5-digit number; read, use and compare negative numbers Multiply and divide numbers by 10 and 100 including decimals (tenths and hundredths); read and write decimals (to 1 and 2 places), understanding that these represent parts (tenths and hundredths) of numbers; mark 1- and 2- place decimals on a line; count in tenths (0 1s) and hundredths (00 1s); multiply numbers with up to 2 decimal places by 10 and 100, and divide numbers by 10 and 100; say the number one tenth and one hundredth more or less than a given number; round decimal numbers to the nearest whole number **Y4.NPV.4 recognise the of each digit in a four-digit number (thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones) **Y4.NPV.5 order and compare numbers beyond Number - number and *Y5.NPV.1 read, write, order and compare numbers to at least and determine the value of each digit *Y4.NPV.3 count backwards through zero to include negative numbers 5 Number - number and *Y5.NPV.3 interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero 4 Number-fractions *Y4.NF.9 compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places 4 Number-fractions *Y4.NF.5 recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number of tenths or hundredths 4 Number-fractions *Y4.NF.7 find the effect of dividing a one- or two-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredth 4 Number-fractions *Y4.NF.2 count up and down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by one hundred and dividing tenths by ten 4 Number-fractions **Y4.NF.8 round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number Page 7 of 10

8 National Curriculum for England 2014 Year 4 23 Mental Learn 11 and 12x tables; develop and use effective mental **Y4.NMD.1 recall multiplication facts for multiplication tables up to Written multiplication strategies; use a vertical written method to multiply 3- **Y4.NMD.2 use, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, division (WMD); Number and place-value (NPV) digit numbers by 1-digit numbers; use rounding to estimate answers; use a written method to multiply 3- digit numbers, including amounts of **Y4.NMD.5 solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects money by 1-digit numbers; multiply 2-digit and 3-digit numbers by 1- **Y4.NMD.4 multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout digit numbers; understand how **Y4.NPV.7 round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000 division undoes vice versa; divide above the tables 4 Number-fractions *Y4.NF.10 solve simple measure and money problems involving fractions and facts using multiples of Number and place-value (NPV); Geometry: properties of (GPS); Measurement (MEA) Recognise and write Roman numerals to 100; begin to know the history of our number system including 0; calculate area and perimeter of rectilinear using addition, or counting; recognise, name and classify 2D identifying regular and irregular polygons; sort 2D according to properties including types of quadrilaterals and triangles; revise 3D, consider 2D-shaped sides on 3D, and sort decimals to two decimal places *Y4.NPV.9 read Roman numerals to 100 (I to C) and know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero and 4 Measurement *Y4.M.3 find the area of rectilinear by counting squares 5 Measurement *Y5.M.4 calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares), and including using standard units, square centimetres (cm2) and square metres (m2) and estimate the area of irregular 4 Measurement **Y4.M.2 measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres 4 Geometry- properties of **Y4.GPS.1 compare and classify geometric, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes Page 8 of 10

10 National Curriculum for England 2014 Year 4 position and direction (GPD); Statistics (STA) 4 and direction Geometry - position and direction 29 Written division (WMD); Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP); Decimals, their equivalence to fractions (DPE) 30 Written division (WMD); Mental Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP) find the coordinates of after translation; draw and interpret bar charts and pictograms; draw line graphs and understand that intermediate points have meaning Use the vertical algorithm (ladder) to multiply 3-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers; find non-unit fraction of amounts, using chunking ; add fractions with like denominators, including totals greater than 1; divide by 10 and 100 (to give answers with 1 and 2 decimal places) Multiply 2-digit numbers by 11 and 12; look for patterns and write rules; multiply 2-digit numbers by numbers between 10 and 20 using the grid method; begin to use the grid method to multiply pairs of 2-digit numbers; use mental strategies and tables facts to divide 2-digit and 3- digit numbers by 1-digit numbers to give answers between 20 and 50, with and without remainders; find non-unit fractions of amounts *Y4.GPD.3 plot specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon 4 Geometry - position *Y4.GPD.2 describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to and direction the left/right and up/down 4 Statistics **Y4.S.2 solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs 4 Statistics **Y4.S.1 interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs **Y4.NMD.4 multiply three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout **Y4.NPV.7 round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or Number-fractions **Y4.NF.3 solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number 4 Number-fractions *Y4.NF.4 add and subtract fractions with the same denominator 5 Number-fractions *Y5.NF.3 recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements > 1 as a mixed number [for example, ⅖ + ⅘ = 6/5 = 11/5] 4 Number-fractions **Y4.NF.7 find the effect of dividing a one- or two-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredth 5 Number- multiplication *Y5.NMD.4 multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one- or two-digit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for two-digit numbers **Y4.NMD.2 use, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, **Y4.NAS.2 estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation 4 Number-fractions **Y4.NF.3 solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions Page 10 of 10

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