Overview. Functional Description

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Overview. Functional Description"

Transcription

1 VGA Component Reference Design Revision: April 17, E Main Suite D Pullman, WA (509) Voice and Fax Overview This generic VGA component generates the necessary signals for the VGA to display an image, by coordinating the electron beam to be scanned over the viewing screen of the VGA. The actual image is obtained by a sequence of horizontal lines that are constantly refreshed. The component can manage both 640x480 and 800x600 resolutions. The screen refresh process begins in the top left corner and paints one pixel at a time from left to right. At the end of the first row, the row increments and the column address are reset to the first column. Once the entire screen has been painted the refresh process begins again. The refresh process happens when the video signal redraws the screen 60 times per second (refresh rate) to provide for motion in the image and to reduce flicker. Refresh rates higher than 60 Hz are used in PC monitors. Functional Description The VGA component is structured in three sub-modules: vga_controller_640_60, which manages the 640x480 resolution; the vga_controller_800_60, manages the 800x600 resolution; and vga_selector, that is in charge of choosing the right outputs for the resolution selected. The controllers for the two resolutions work similarly. CLK_25MHz CLK_40MHz RESOLUTION RST HS VS BLANK HCOUNT VCOUNT Figure 1 VGA Component Copyright Digilent, Inc. Page 1

2 The vertical and horizontal sync (VS and HS) are pulse signals that indicate the beginning of a new frame or row. The vertical sync signal tells the monitor to start displaying a new image or frame, and the monitor starts in the upper left corner with pixel (0,0). The horizontal sync signal tells the monitor to refresh another row of 640 pixels. After 480 rows of pixels are refreshed with 480 horizontal sync signals, a vertical sync signal resets the monitor to the upper left corner and the process repeats. During the time when pixel data is not being displayed and the beam is returning to the left column to start another horizontal scan, the RGB signals are all set to the color black (all zeros). The vga_controller_640_60 inputs a 25Mhz to generate the video synch pulses for the monitor to enter 640x480 at 60Hz resolution state. It also provides horizontal and vertical counters for the currently displayed pixel and a blank signal that is active when the pixel is not inside the visible screen. The color outputs should be reset to 0. The blank signal is delayed one pixel clock period (40ns) from where the pixel leaves the visible screen to account for the pixel pipeline delay. This delay happens because the color data does not arrive at the monitor pins at the same time as the counters indicate the current pixel to be displayed (memory read delays, synchronization delays). Timings for sync pulse width and front and back porch intervals are based on observations taken from VGA displays. Porch intervals are the pre- and post-sync pulse times during which information cannot be displayed. See Figure 2 for the signal timings. rst - pixel_clk - HS - VS - global reset signal input pin, from dcm_25mhz, the clock signal generated by a DCM that has a frequency of 25MHz output pin, to monitor, horizontal sync pulse output pin, to monitor, vertical sync pulse output pin, to clients, 11 bits, horizontal count of the currently displayed pixel output pin, to clients, 11 bits, vertical count of the currently active video line output pin, to clients, active when pixel is not in visible area. Copyright Digilent, Inc. Page 2

3 Figure 2 Timings for Sync Pulse Copyright Digilent, Inc. Page 3

4 The vga_controller_800_60 inputs a 25Mhz and generates the video synch pulses for the monitor to enter 800x600 at 60Hz resolution state. The functionality is similar to the vga_controller_640_60 component. Figure 3 VGA Component s Structure rst - pixel_clk - HS - VS - global reset signal input pin, from dcm_40mhz, the clock signal generated by a DCM that has a frequency of 40MHz output pin, to monitor, horizontal synch pulse output pin, to monitor, vertical synch pulse output pin, to clients, 11 bits, horizontal count of the currently displayed pixel output pin, 11 bits, to clients, to clients, vertical count of the currently active video line output pin, active when pixel is not in visible area. The vga_selector contains the logic that selects between the output of the vga controllers depending on the resolution used. Depending on the input signal resolution, the output signals from the vga controllers are selected and sent to other logic in the design that needs these outputs, or to the monitor. If the resolution pin is set high the 800x600 resolution is selected and if low, the 640x480 resolution is selected. Copyright Digilent, Inc. Page 4

5 resolution - HS_640_60 - VS_640_60 - HS_800_60 - VS_800_60 - blank_640_60 - blank_800_60 - hcount_640_60 - hcount_800_60 - vcount_640_60 - vcount_800_60 - hs - vs - input pin, from resolution_swticher selects active resolution input pin, from vga_controller_640_60, if the horizontal synch signal for 640x480 input pin, from vga_controller_640_60, vertical synch signal for 640x480 input pin, from vga_controller_800_60 - horizontal synch signal for 800x600 input pin, from vga_controller_800_60, vertical synch signal for 800x600 input pin, from vga_controller_640_60, blank signal for 640x480 input pin, from vga_controller_800_60, blank signal for 800x600 input pin, 11 bits, from vga_controller_640_60, horizontal pixel counter for 640x480 input pin, 11 bits, from vga_controller_800_60, horizontal pixel counter for 800x600 input pin, 11 bits, from vga_controller_640_60, vertical lines counter for 640x480 input pin, 11 bits, from vga_controller_800_60, vertical lines counter for 800x600 output pin, to monitor, selected horizontal synch signal output pin, to monitor, selected vertical synch signal output pin, to clients, selected blank signal output pin, 11 bits, to clients, selected horizontal pixel counter output pin, 11 bits, to clients, selected vertical lines counter. Copyright Digilent, Inc. Page 5

VGA video signal generation

VGA video signal generation A VGA display controller VGA video signal generation A VGA video signal contains 5 active signals: horizontal sync: digital signal, used for synchronisation of the video vertical sync: digital signal,

More information

Lesson 10: Video-Out Interface

Lesson 10: Video-Out Interface Lesson 10: Video-Out Interface 1. Introduction The Altera University Program provides a number of hardware controllers, called cores, to control the Video Graphics Array (VGA) Digital-to-Analog Converter

More information

Digital Systems Design. VGA Video Display Generation

Digital Systems Design. VGA Video Display Generation Digital Systems Design Video Signal Generation for the Altera DE Board Dr. D. J. Jackson Lecture 12-1 VGA Video Display Generation A VGA signal contains 5 active signals Two TTL compatible signals for

More information

Note monitors controlled by analog signals CRT monitors are controlled by analog voltage. i. e. the level of analog signal delivered through the

Note monitors controlled by analog signals CRT monitors are controlled by analog voltage. i. e. the level of analog signal delivered through the DVI Interface The outline: The reasons for digital interface of a monitor the transfer from VGA to DVI. DVI v. analog interface. The principles of LCD control through DVI interface. The link between DVI

More information

Below is a diagram explaining the data packet and the timing related to the mouse clock while receiving a byte from the PS-2 mouse:

Below is a diagram explaining the data packet and the timing related to the mouse clock while receiving a byte from the PS-2 mouse: PS-2 Mouse: The Protocol: For out mini project we designed a serial port transmitter receiver, which uses the Baud rate protocol. The PS-2 port is similar to the serial port (performs the function of transmitting

More information

A VGA Controller 1. A VGA Controller. In this example we will show how to implement a VGA controller for a standard VGA monitor in VHDL.

A VGA Controller 1. A VGA Controller. In this example we will show how to implement a VGA controller for a standard VGA monitor in VHDL. A VGA Controller 1 A VGA Controller In this example we will show how to implement a VGA controller for a standard VGA monitor in VHDL. Prerequisite knowledge: Example 33 Counters 39.1 Background A VGA

More information

25. Video Sync Generator and Pixel Converter Cores

25. Video Sync Generator and Pixel Converter Cores 25. Video Sync Generator and Pixel Converter Cores QII55006-9.1.0 Core Overview Figure 25 1. Typical Placement in a System The video sync generator core accepts a continuous stream of pixel data in RGB

More information

COMPILER PROCESSING During your early design stages, use Functional Compilation and Simulation to design the finite state machine.

COMPILER PROCESSING During your early design stages, use Functional Compilation and Simulation to design the finite state machine. Page 1/9 Revision 1 8-Nov-06 PURPOSE The purpose of this lab is to produce the complete glass typewriter. To accomplish this task will require three subtasks which will ultimately result in a machine that

More information

Monitors and Graphic Adapters

Monitors and Graphic Adapters Monitors and Graphic Adapters To the process of displaying the information a graphic adapter and monitor are involved. Graphic adapter: an element between a processor (and its I/O bus) and a monitor. They

More information

PONG GAME ON AN FPGA DEVELOPMENT BOARD USING A COMPUTER SCREEN AS DISPLAY

PONG GAME ON AN FPGA DEVELOPMENT BOARD USING A COMPUTER SCREEN AS DISPLAY International Journal of Computer Science and Applications, Technomathematics Research Foundation Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 70 80, 2015 PONG GAME ON AN FPGA DEVELOPMENT BOARD USING A COMPUTER SCREEN AS DISPLAY

More information

Video. 6.111 Fall 2009 Lecture 12

Video. 6.111 Fall 2009 Lecture 12 Video Generating video sync signals Decoding NTSC video -- color space conversions Generating pixels -- test patterns -- character display -- sprite-based games Lab #4 due tonight, project teams next Tuesday

More information

Media Data Types & Operations Images. Image Formats. Spring 2003 Lecture Note 2 (April 3)

Media Data Types & Operations Images. Image Formats. Spring 2003 Lecture Note 2 (April 3) CSE 126 Multimedia Systems Spring 2003 Lecture Note 2 (April 3) P. Venkat Rangan Media Data Types & Operations Images Images are defined as matrices where each element represents a pixel (picture element).

More information

Chapter I Model801, Model802 Functions and Features

Chapter I Model801, Model802 Functions and Features Chapter I Model801, Model802 Functions and Features 1. Completely Compatible with the Seventh Generation Control System The eighth generation is developed based on the seventh. Compared with the seventh,

More information

LM1881, LM1881-X Video Sync Separator

LM1881, LM1881-X Video Sync Separator LM1881, LM1881-X Video Sync Separator General Description The LM1881 Video sync separator extracts timing information including composite and vertical sync, burst/back porch timing, and odd/even field

More information

Experiment 6. Task 1 (for individuals: required, 2 points; for teams: required, 1.5 points)

Experiment 6. Task 1 (for individuals: required, 2 points; for teams: required, 1.5 points) Experiment 6 Design and implement a digital circuit capable of displaying predefined patterns on the screen of a VGA monitor, and provide the basic components for a chess game. Your circuit must generate

More information

Output depends on sequence of previous inputs Sequence of previous this is history History is a state that captures how you got here

Output depends on sequence of previous inputs Sequence of previous this is history History is a state that captures how you got here Sequential Logic Output depends on sequence of previous inputs Sequence of previous this is history History is a state that captures how you got here " E.g., 35 cents vending = cents + cents + cents +

More information

Introduction to graphics and LCD technologies. NXP Product Line Microcontrollers Business Line Standard ICs

Introduction to graphics and LCD technologies. NXP Product Line Microcontrollers Business Line Standard ICs Introduction to graphics and LCD technologies NXP Product Line Microcontrollers Business Line Standard ICs Agenda Passive and active LCD technologies How LCDs work, STN and TFT differences How data is

More information

VESA and Industry Standards and Guidelines for Computer Display Monitor Timing (DMT) Version 1.0, Revision 11. May 1, 2007

VESA and Industry Standards and Guidelines for Computer Display Monitor Timing (DMT) Version 1.0, Revision 11. May 1, 2007 Monitor Timing Standard 860 Hillview Court, Suite 150 Phone: 408-957-9270 Milpitas, CA 95035 Fax: 408-957-9277 VESA and Industry Standards and Guidelines for Computer Display Monitor Timing (DMT) Version

More information

Application Note Line Scan Imaging Basics

Application Note Line Scan Imaging Basics Application Note Line Scan Imaging Basics D ALSA cameras are available in a variety of models, but all can be categorized as either area array or line scan array. This application note compares and contrasts

More information

Table 36.1a D flip-flop input table for X=0. Present State Next State X=1 D flip-flop inputs. Table 36.1b D flip-flop input table for X=1

Table 36.1a D flip-flop input table for X=0. Present State Next State X=1 D flip-flop inputs. Table 36.1b D flip-flop input table for X=1 Example4: 3-bit Up/Down Counter The 3-bit Up/Down Counter was earlier implemented using J-K flip-flops. A D flip-flop based 3-bit Up/Down Counter is implemented by mapping the present state and next state

More information

Preliminary Draft May 19th 1992. Video Subsystem

Preliminary Draft May 19th 1992. Video Subsystem Video Subsystem 2 Preliminary Draft May 19th 1992 Video Subsystem Section 1. Introduction....................... 1-1 Video Subsystem.......................... 1-2 Section 2. VGA Function......................

More information

USER MANUAL MODEL 72-7480

USER MANUAL MODEL 72-7480 PATTERN GENERATOR Introduction Through the use of portable HDMI pattern generator MODEL 72-7480, you are able to use 48 timings and 34 patterns, and operate it continuously for 6~8 hours after the battery

More information

Time and Frequency Synchronizations in Broadcast Video

Time and Frequency Synchronizations in Broadcast Video Time and Frequency Synchronizations in Broadcast Video Introduction Synchronization has always been important in broadcast video. Even analog TVs relied on synchronization pulses embedded into analog video

More information

Timing pulses & counters

Timing pulses & counters Timing pulses & counters Timing Pulses Important element of laboratory electronics Pulses can control logical sequences with precise timing. If your detector sees a charged particle or a photon, you might

More information

Low Power Digital Design using Asynchronous Logic

Low Power Digital Design using Asynchronous Logic San Jose State University SJSU ScholarWorks Master's Theses Master's Theses and Graduate Research 2011 Low Power Digital Design using Asynchronous Logic Sathish Vimalraj Antony Jayasekar San Jose State

More information

Section 4 CRT Display Device

Section 4 CRT Display Device Mr.Jirat Sriammarin ID: 50110631 Major: Computer Science Burapha University international college Section 4 CRT Display Device Computer Graphic Dr.Sukhendu Das Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering

More information

Technical Note TN_158. What is the Camera Parallel Interface?

Technical Note TN_158. What is the Camera Parallel Interface? TN_158 What is the Camera Parallel Interface? Issue Date: 2015-03-23 This technical note explains the basics of the Camera Parallel Interface, a feature of FTDI MCUs. Use of FTDI devices in life support

More information

Computer Graphics Prof. Sukhendu Das Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Lecture - 4 CRT Display Devices

Computer Graphics Prof. Sukhendu Das Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Lecture - 4 CRT Display Devices Computer Graphics Prof. Sukhendu Das Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Lecture - 4 CRT Display Devices Hello everybody, and welcome back to the lecture on

More information

Entex Adventurevision Technical Specs V1.2 By Daniel Boris 12/18/2005

Entex Adventurevision Technical Specs V1.2 By Daniel Boris 12/18/2005 Entex Adventurevision Technical Specs V1.2 By Daniel Boris 12/18/2005 Disclaimer: All the information in this document comes from studying the actual Adventurevision hardware. The only technical document

More information

COMPOSITE VIDEO SIGNAL

COMPOSITE VIDEO SIGNAL COMPOSITE VIDEO SIGNAL COMPOSITE VIDEO SIGNAL Consist of : Camera signal - corresponding to the desired picture information Blanking pulses to make the retrace invisible Synchronizing pulses to synchronize

More information

Scart/Video to HDMI Scaler Box

Scart/Video to HDMI Scaler Box Scart/Video to HDMI Scaler Box Operation Manual CM-393 (1). Introduction: Congratulations on your purchase of the Cypress Video Scaler CM-393. Our professional Video Scaler products have been serving the

More information

Design of a Video Game

Design of a Video Game Tallinn University of Technology Dept. of Computer Engineering Chair of Digital Systems Design Design of a Video Game Project in IAY0070 HW/SW Co-design Anti Sullin 020633 IASM-21 04.2006 Project supervisor:

More information

Application Notes for OLED SmartSwitch/Display

Application Notes for OLED SmartSwitch/Display Application Notes for OLED SmartSwitch/Display Revision D NKK Switches 7850 E. Gelding Drive Scottsdale, AZ 85260 480-991-0942 FAX (480) 998-1435 e-mail All Rights Reserved Worldwide

More information

CONSUMER COMPUTER MEMORY COMMUNICATIONS. Slide No.1 2/22/00

CONSUMER COMPUTER MEMORY COMMUNICATIONS. Slide No.1 2/22/00 COMPUTER CONSUMER MEMORY COMMUNICATIONS Slide No.1 Agenda General Information Asynchronous SRAM Synchronous SRAM Flowthrough Pipelined NoBL SRAM Slide No.2 General Information 1 bit can have 2 combinations

More information

Keywords: video signals, video resolution, video formats, picture basics, interlaced scanning, progressive scanning, analog video

Keywords: video signals, video resolution, video formats, picture basics, interlaced scanning, progressive scanning, analog video Maxim > Design Support > Technical Documents > Tutorials > Video Circuits > APP 734 Keywords: video signals, video resolution, video formats, picture basics, interlaced scanning, progressive scanning,

More information

A processor needs to retrieve instructions and data from memory, and store results into memory. We call this memory Random Access Memory (RAM).

A processor needs to retrieve instructions and data from memory, and store results into memory. We call this memory Random Access Memory (RAM). Memory-System Design A processor needs to retrieve instructions and data from memory, and store results into memory. We call this memory Random Access Memory (RAM). Processor Instructions Data Memory (RAM)

More information

Application Notes for LCD 36x24 SmartSwitch/Display

Application Notes for LCD 36x24 SmartSwitch/Display Application Notes for LCD 36x24 SmartSwitch/Display Revision B NKK Switches 7850 E. Gelding Drive Scottsdale, AZ 85260 480-991-0942 FAX (480) 998-1435 e-mail All Rights Reserved

More information

Sequential Circuits Sequential circuits combinational circuits clocked sequential circuits gate delay

Sequential Circuits Sequential circuits combinational circuits clocked sequential circuits gate delay Sequential Circuits Sequential circuits are those with memory, also called feedback. In this, they differ from combinational circuits, which have no memory. The stable output of a combinational circuit

More information

PC to TV Converter Box

PC to TV Converter Box PC to TV Converter Box Model: 40698 Table of Contents Function 3 Features...4 Installation 5 Function Buttons on Main Unit..6 Remote Control 7 Specifications...8 Warranty Information.. 8 2 Operational

More information

Applications of algorithms for image processing using programmable logic

Applications of algorithms for image processing using programmable logic Applications of algorithms for image processing using programmable logic Presented by: Nikolay Nenov, M. Sc. Ph. D. Student at the Technical University of Sofia E-mail: nenov@mail.bg Research director:

More information

80 CHARACTER VDU CARD

80 CHARACTER VDU CARD 80 CHARACTER VDU CARD UNIT DESCRIPTION CONTENTS Paragraph Page 1. INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 General 1 1.2 Principles of Operation 1 1.3 Leading Particulars 2 1.3.1 Mechanical 2 1.3.2 Power Supplies 2 1.3.3 Connections

More information

CONTENTS. Section 1 Document Descriptions... 3. 1.1 Purpose of this Document... 3. 1.2 Nomenclature of this Document... 3

CONTENTS. Section 1 Document Descriptions... 3. 1.1 Purpose of this Document... 3. 1.2 Nomenclature of this Document... 3 CONTENTS Section 1 Document Descriptions... 3 1.1 Purpose of this Document... 3 1.2 Nomenclature of this Document... 3 Section 2 Solution Overview... 5 2.1 General Description... 5 2.2 Hardware and Software

More information

RGB - CGA, EGA, HD to VGA Converter ID# 657

RGB - CGA, EGA, HD to VGA Converter ID# 657 RGB - CGA, EGA, HD to VGA Converter ID# 657 Operation Manual Introduction Features The RGB, CGA, EGA, HD to VGA Converter PCB board is designed for application in Industry and Gaming. Used for the easy

More information

CHAPTER 11: Flip Flops

CHAPTER 11: Flip Flops CHAPTER 11: Flip Flops In this chapter, you will be building the part of the circuit that controls the command sequencing. The required circuit must operate the counter and the memory chip. When the teach

More information

Manual for CamEd High level editor for BitFlow Camera Configuration Files. Revision

Manual for CamEd High level editor for BitFlow Camera Configuration Files. Revision Manual for CamEd High level editor for BitFlow Camera Configuration Files. Revision 0. 2012-01-31 Introduction CamEd is BitFlow's high level GUI based application for configuring camera files. The values

More information

Decimal Number (base 10) Binary Number (base 2)

Decimal Number (base 10) Binary Number (base 2) LECTURE 5. BINARY COUNTER Before starting with counters there is some vital information that needs to be understood. The most important is the fact that since the outputs of a digital chip can only be

More information

Parallel to HDMI / USB Video Output Board [SVM-03] Hardware Specification

Parallel to HDMI / USB Video Output Board [SVM-03] Hardware Specification Parallel to HDMI / USB Video Output Board [SVM-03] Hardware Specification Rev. NetVision Co., Ltd. Update History Revision Date Note 4.0 2016/06/27 All Renewal H. Yamada 4.0en 2016/06/27 Translated from

More information

15k RGB Sync on Green to VGA/XGA Converter Operation Manual

15k RGB Sync on Green to VGA/XGA Converter Operation Manual 15k RGB Sync on Green to VGA/XGA Converter Operation Manual Introduction This unit is a high quality video scaler that converts RGB sync on green to VGA/XGA output. RGB sync on green is through Scart connection

More information

VGA timing information. This documents tries to collect together information about standard VGA card timing details.

VGA timing information. This documents tries to collect together information about standard VGA card timing details. VGA timing information This documents tries to collect together information about standard VGA card timing details. Information form HP monitor manual Horizonal Timing Horizonal Dots 640 640 640 Vertical

More information

Introducing the PC to TV Converter

Introducing the PC to TV Converter Introducing the PC to TV Converter Thank you for choosing KWorld PC to TV Converter 1600. This portable converter is your versatile equipment to transfer the on-screen content of your PC or laptop onto

More information

Camera Interface Guide

Camera Interface Guide Camera Interface Guide 18 Table of Contents Video Basics Introduction 2 Video formats 2 Standard analog video 2 Blanking intervals 3 Vertical blanking 3 Horizontal blanking 3 Sync pulses 3 Color coding

More information

GBS-8220 User Manual Page 4 of 6

GBS-8220 User Manual Page 4 of 6 GBS-8220 User Manual Page 4 of 6 Step 3: Connect video input from your old device to the GBS-8220 through P2, P3, P9, or P11. On our Jamma harnesses and those from some cabinets and other vendors there

More information

Parameter values for the HDTV standards for production and international programme exchange

Parameter values for the HDTV standards for production and international programme exchange Recommendation ITU-R BT.79-6 (6/215) Parameter values for the HDTV standards for production and international programme exchange BT Series Broadcasting service (television) ii Rec. ITU-R BT.79-6 Foreword

More information

www.smarterglass.com 978 997 4104 sales@smarterglass.com BY: DATE DATE FILE NO, LC94Y01 ISSUE 2,1994 LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY GROUP PAGE 23 Pages SHARP CORPORATION APPLICABLE DIVISION PANEL DEVELOPMENT CENTER

More information

Chapter 1 Introduction Package Contents Resolution Features Specifications Front Panel Side Panel...

Chapter 1 Introduction Package Contents Resolution Features Specifications Front Panel Side Panel... Chapter 1 Introduction...2 1.1 Package Contents...2 1.2 Resolution...3 1.3 Features...3 1.4 Specifications...3 1.5 Front Panel...4 1.6 Side Panel...5 1.6.1 Video Output Port...5 1.6.2 HD-15 Connector Pin

More information

BOX1020 RGB to Component(YPbPr) / RGBHV Converter

BOX1020 RGB to Component(YPbPr) / RGBHV Converter BOX1020 RGB to Component(YPbPr) / RGBHV Converter USER MANUAL 4/1/2008 2 BOX1020 RGB to Component(YPbPr) / RGBHV Converter BOX1020 This unique RGB to Component(YPbPr) Converter provides a component conversion

More information

Wiki Lab Book. This week is practice for wiki usage during the project.

Wiki Lab Book. This week is practice for wiki usage during the project. Wiki Lab Book Use a wiki as a lab book. Wikis are excellent tools for collaborative work (i.e. where you need to efficiently share lots of information and files with multiple people). This week is practice

More information

3M Digital Projectors

3M Digital Projectors 3M Digital Projectors 8514/A Glossary An earlier IBM high-resolution video standard of 1024 x 768 (interlaced). Active Matrix LCD A type of liquid crystal display (LCD) technology where each pixel is actively

More information

VGA-to-DVI Video Scaler

VGA-to-DVI Video Scaler Hall Research Technologies, Inc. VGA-to-DVI Video Scaler Converts and Scales Analog VGA or HDTV Component to DVI Digital or Analog DVI output can be set to various PC or HDTV Resolutions! UMA1062 Rev.

More information

Basic Factors affecting Television Transmission and Reception

Basic Factors affecting Television Transmission and Reception Basic Factors affecting Television Transmission and Reception 1 Basic Factors affecting Television Transmission & Reception 1. Gross structure 2. Image continuity 3. Number of scanning lines 4. Flicker

More information

ENGLISH. Matrox Graphics expansion Modules (GXMs) Matrox PowerDesk for Mac

ENGLISH. Matrox Graphics expansion Modules (GXMs) Matrox PowerDesk for Mac ENGLISH Matrox Graphics expansion Modules (GXMs) DualHead2Go Digital Edition DualHead2Go DP Edition TripleHead2Go Digital Edition TripleHead2Go DP Edition Matrox PowerDesk for Mac Online Help 20081-H00-0101

More information

Monitor Characteristics

Monitor Characteristics Monitor Characteristics ENERGY STAR qualified monitors automatically enter two successive low-power modes of less than or equal to 15 watts and 8 watts after a period of inactivity. New chip technologies

More information

KBA Oktatási Kft OKÉV nyilvántartási szám: 01-0469-04

KBA Oktatási Kft OKÉV nyilvántartási szám: 01-0469-04 KBA Oktatási Kft OKÉV nyilvántartási szám: 01-0469-04 2004 Built-in spy in your CRT-monitor or the glamour of the radio reception László M Biró Allianz Hungária Biztosító Rt. laszlo.biro@samunet.hu Data

More information

Seven-Segment Display

Seven-Segment Display ENEE 245: Digital Circuits & Systems Lab Lab 8 Seven-Segment Display ENEE 245: Digital Circuits and Systems Laboratory Lab 8 Objectives The objectives of this laboratory are the following: To become familiar

More information

4.0 Design of Synchronous Counters

4.0 Design of Synchronous Counters 4.0 Design of Synchronous Counters This section begins our study of designing an important class of clocked sequential logic circuits-synchronous finite-state machines. Like all sequential circuits, a

More information

Memory - DDR1, DDR2, and DDR3. Brought to you by please visit our site!

Memory - DDR1, DDR2, and DDR3. Brought to you by  please visit our site! Memory - DDR1, DDR2, and DDR3 Brought to you by http://www.rmroberts.com please visit our site! DDR1 Double Data Rate-SDRAM, or simply DDR1, was designed to replace SDRAM. DDR1 was originally referred

More information

SDI TO HD-SDI HDTV UP-CONVERTER BC-D2300U. 1080i/720p HDTV Up-Converter with built-in Audio/Video processor

SDI TO HD-SDI HDTV UP-CONVERTER BC-D2300U. 1080i/720p HDTV Up-Converter with built-in Audio/Video processor R SDI TO HD-SDI HDTV UP-CONVERTER BC-D2300U 1080i/720p HDTV Up-Converter with built-in Audio/Video processor High-Technology, Low-Cost Solution for DTV Broadcasting from JVC s Newly Introduced BC-D2300U

More information

Different Display Configurations on i.mx35 Linux PDK

Different Display Configurations on i.mx35 Linux PDK Freescale Semiconductor Application Note Document Number: AN3974 Rev. 0, 01/2010 Different Display Configurations on i.mx35 Linux PDK by Multimedia Application Division Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. Austin,

More information

-Starting software- -The communication setup- [Each part explanation] Software's icon

-Starting software- -The communication setup- [Each part explanation] Software's icon -Starting software- Software's icon Please double click "HV-F202CL.exe" on screen. Then communication select dialog-box appear at the center on screen. -The communication setup- [Each part explanation]

More information

Digital Fundamentals

Digital Fundamentals Digital Fundamentals Tenth Edition Floyd Chapter 1 2009 Pearson Education, Upper 2008 Pearson Saddle River, Education NJ 07458. All Rights Reserved Analog Quantities Most natural quantities that we see

More information

FORMAT CONVERTERS CON-SCT-HD CON-YUV-HD CON-VGA-HD CON-CBS-HD

FORMAT CONVERTERS CON-SCT-HD CON-YUV-HD CON-VGA-HD CON-CBS-HD FORMAT CONVERTERS CON-SCT-HD CON-YUV-HD CON-VGA-HD CON-CBS-HD OMPANY PROFILE Wyrestorm is an award-winning electronics manufacturer passionately committed to the development and production of high quality

More information

DELV-HD7RM DUAL RACK MOUNT HDMI-VGA TOUCH SCREEN MONITOR With Dual Composite Video & Audio

DELV-HD7RM DUAL RACK MOUNT HDMI-VGA TOUCH SCREEN MONITOR With Dual Composite Video & Audio DELV-HD7RM DUAL RACK MOUNT HDMI-VGA TOUCH SCREEN MONITOR With Dual Composite Video & Audio USER MANUAL Thank you for purchasing the DELVCAM HD7RM High Definition liquid crystal display monitor. This product

More information

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PERLIS DKT DIGITAL SYSTEMS II. Lab 2 : Counter Design

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PERLIS DKT DIGITAL SYSTEMS II. Lab 2 : Counter Design UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PERLIS DKT 212/3 : DIGITAL SYSTEM II Lab 2 : Counter Design Name : Matrix No. : Program : Date : OBJECTIVE 1. To understand state diagram in sequential circuit. 2. To build Karnaugh

More information

VGA to DVI Converter / Scaler. Installation and Operations Manual. 10707 Stancliff Road Houston, Texas 77099. 800-333-9343

VGA to DVI Converter / Scaler. Installation and Operations Manual. 10707 Stancliff Road Houston, Texas 77099. 800-333-9343 VGA to DVI Converter / Scaler Installation and Operations Manual 10707 Stancliff Road Houston, Texas 77099 800-333-9343 www.rose.com LIMITED WARRANTY Rose Electronics warrants the VGA to DVI converter

More information

This representation is compared to a binary representation of a number with N bits.

This representation is compared to a binary representation of a number with N bits. Chapter 11 Analog-Digital Conversion One of the common functions that are performed on signals is to convert the voltage into a digital representation. The converse function, digital-analog is also common.

More information

EXT-VGA-2-DVISP User Manual

EXT-VGA-2-DVISP User Manual EXT-VGA-2-DVISP User Manual Technical Support: Telephone (818) 772-9100 (800) 545-6900 Fax (818) 772-9120 Technical Support Hours: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM (PST) Monday thru Friday Pacifi c Time Write To: Gefen,

More information

Finite State Machine Lab

Finite State Machine Lab Finite State Machine Module: Lab Procedures Goal: The goal of this experiment is to reinforce state machine concepts by having students design and implement a state machine using simple chips and a protoboard.

More information

Car-solutions.com Installation Manual. Video Interface for Cadillac Escalade EXT, ESV, Hybrid, SUV, Cadillac STS, SLS

Car-solutions.com Installation Manual. Video Interface for Cadillac Escalade EXT, ESV, Hybrid, SUV, Cadillac STS, SLS Video Interface for Cadillac Escalade EXT, ESV, Hybrid, SUV, Cadillac STS, SLS www.car-solutions.com Release date : 2011.09.19 Model : CSVI-ESC07-v6.0 / Product code : ESC07-1109-001 2007-2012 Installation

More information

Chapter 4: One-Shots, Counters, and Clocks

Chapter 4: One-Shots, Counters, and Clocks Chapter 4: One-Shots, Counters, and Clocks I. The Monostable Multivibrator (One-Shot) The timing pulse is one of the most common elements of laboratory electronics. Pulses can control logical sequences

More information

Lab3 Graphic Processor Microprogramming

Lab3 Graphic Processor Microprogramming Lab3 Graphic Processor Microprogramming Kent Palmkvist, ES, ISY, LiU v0.5 120912 1 Introduction The VGA lab design can be expanded to not only present a picture, but also modify the existing picture in

More information

Asynchronous counters, except for the first block, work independently from a system clock.

Asynchronous counters, except for the first block, work independently from a system clock. Counters Some digital circuits are designed for the purpose of counting and this is when counters become useful. Counters are made with flip-flops, they can be asynchronous or synchronous and they can

More information

Counters. Non-synchronous (asynchronous) counters A 2-bit asynchronous binary counter High

Counters. Non-synchronous (asynchronous) counters A 2-bit asynchronous binary counter High Counters Learning objectives Understanding the operation and characteristics of asynchronous and synchronous counters Analyze counter circuits and counter timing diagrams Determine the sequence of a counter

More information

LED Array Tutorial. Internal Structure of LED Array

LED Array Tutorial. Internal Structure of LED Array LED Array Tutorial This guide explains how to set up and operate the LED arrays that can be used for your final EE 271 project. This tutorial is directed towards the FYM12882AEG 8x8 LED array, but these

More information

Chapter 6: State Machines

Chapter 6: State Machines Chapter 6: State Machines In this chapter we describe the operation of state machines, which are devices that form the basis for microprocessors and computers. I. State Machine Theory A state machine is

More information

Appendix G: Rear-Panel Connectors

Appendix G: Rear-Panel Connectors This appendix describes the connectors located on the rear panel of the CTS850. AC Power Connector and Fuse locations, B040000 and above BITS OUT (Connector Not Used) VGA Video Output J/CLK OUT RS-232

More information

Basic bistable element. Chapter 6. Latches vs. flip-flops. Flip-flops

Basic bistable element. Chapter 6. Latches vs. flip-flops. Flip-flops Basic bistable element hapter 6 It is a circuit having two stable conditions (states). It can be used to store binary symbols. Flip-Flops and Simple Flip-Flop Applications.. Huang, 24 igital Logic esign

More information

4 Digital Video Signal According to ITU-BT.R.601 (CCIR 601) 43

4 Digital Video Signal According to ITU-BT.R.601 (CCIR 601) 43 Table of Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Analog Television 7 3 The MPEG Data Stream 11 3.1 The Packetized Elementary Stream (PES) 13 3.2 The MPEG-2 Transport Stream Packet.. 17 3.3 Information for the Receiver

More information

Karnaugh Maps. Example A B C X 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1. each 1 here gives a minterm e.g.

Karnaugh Maps. Example A B C X 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1. each 1 here gives a minterm e.g. Karnaugh Maps Yet another way of deriving the simplest Boolean expressions from behaviour. Easier than using algebra (which can be hard if you don't know where you're going). Example A B C X 0 0 0 0 0

More information

Chapter No.14 GRAPHICS IN GW BASIC

Chapter No.14 GRAPHICS IN GW BASIC 14.01 Complete the following statements: Chapter No.14 GRAPHICS IN GW BASIC i) The location which is the intersection of a row and a column on screen is called ii) In high resolution the screen is divided

More information

ETEC 2301 Programmable Logic Devices. Chapter 10 Counters. Shawnee State University Department of Industrial and Engineering Technologies

ETEC 2301 Programmable Logic Devices. Chapter 10 Counters. Shawnee State University Department of Industrial and Engineering Technologies ETEC 2301 Programmable Logic Devices Chapter 10 Counters Shawnee State University Department of Industrial and Engineering Technologies Copyright 2007 by Janna B. Gallaher Asynchronous Counter Operation

More information

Introduction 1 Block diagram 1

Introduction 1 Block diagram 1 Electric Druid VCLFO Introduction 1 Block diagram 1 Features 2 Fastest LFO frequency of around 12.8Hz 2 Slowest LFO frequency of around 0.05Hz 2 10-bit LFO output resolution 2 19.5KHz sample output rate

More information

Cost-effective solution offering either lightweight indoor and outdoor LED video modules for rental and fixed applications.

Cost-effective solution offering either lightweight indoor and outdoor LED video modules for rental and fixed applications. digiled LT SERIES Cost-effective solution offering either lightweight indoor and outdoor LED video modules for rental and fixed applications. MODULE SPECIFICATIONS - digiled LT SERIES Indoor LEDS LTi5

More information

Creation of Asteroids Game Using Verilog and Xilinx FPGA

Creation of Asteroids Game Using Verilog and Xilinx FPGA Creation of Asteroids Game Using Verilog and Xilinx FPGA Shield Xiao & James Verrill 6.111 Fall 2005 Final Project Revision Number: 17 Saved On: 14-Dec-05 Abstract The aim of the project is to create on

More information

Radio and Television (E522)

Radio and Television (E522) Benha Faculty of Engineering Electrical Engineering Department 5 th Year Telecommunication Final Exam: 26 May 2012 Examiner: Dr. Hatem ZAKARIA Time allowed: 3 Hours Radio and Television (E522) Answer All

More information

Pmod peripheral modules are powered by the host via the interface s power and ground pins.

Pmod peripheral modules are powered by the host via the interface s power and ground pins. Digilent Pmod Interface Specification Revision: November 20, 2011 1300 NE Henley Court, Suite 3 Pullman, WA 99163 (509) 334 6306 Voice (509) 334 6300 Fax Introduction The Digilent Pmod interface is used

More information

HT1632C 32 8 &24 16 LED Driver

HT1632C 32 8 &24 16 LED Driver 328 &216 LED Driver Features Operating voltage: 2.V~5.5V Multiple LED display 32 ROW /8 COM and 2 ROW & 16 COM Integrated display RAM select 32 ROW & 8 COM for 6 display RAM, or select 2 ROW & 16 COM for

More information

Universal Simple Control, USC-1

Universal Simple Control, USC-1 Universal Simple Control, USC-1 Data and Event Logging with the USB Flash Drive DATA-PAK The USC-1 universal simple voltage regulator control uses a flash drive to store data. Then a propriety Data and

More information

Using the Siemens S65 Display

Using the Siemens S65 Display Using the Siemens S65 Display by Christian Kranz, October 2005 ( http://www.superkranz.de/christian/s65_display/displayindex.html ) ( PDF by Benjamin Metz, 01 st November 2005 ) About the Display: Siemens

More information

Memory Address Decoding

Memory Address Decoding Memory Address Decoding 1 ROAD MAP Memory Address Decoding S-RAM Interfacing Process Solved Examples For S-RAM Decoding D-RAM Interfacing 2 Memory Addressing The processor can usually address a memory

More information

Computer Peripherals

Computer Peripherals Computer Peripherals School of Computer Engineering Nanyang Technological University Singapore These notes are part of a 3rd year undergraduate course called "Computer Peripherals", taught at Nanyang Technological

More information