In a class I teach for prospective administrators,

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "In a class I teach for prospective administrators,"

Transcription

1 SEDL Leer APRIL The Professional Teaching and Learning Cycle: Implemening a Sandards-Based Approach o Professional Developmen In a class I each for prospecive adminisraors, a suden shared he sory of one school where he principal announced ha his year hey were doing professional learning communiies (PLCs). The principal gave everyone a book o read abou effecive insrucion, old eachers when hey were o mee, and le hem self-organize o implemen he book s ideas. This example is no unusual. For some schools, he erm professional learning communiy means geing groups of eachers ogeher o alk abou insrucion, wih lile guidance abou wha hey acually do or how o move from alking ogeher o implemening changes in pracice. Guidance does exis bu is oo ofen seen as a way o ge a group sared hrough reading a book or hosing a workshop; professional learning resuling in applicaion is minimal (Hord, 2004). In Moving NSDC s Saff Developmen Sandards ino Pracice: Innovaion Configuraions, Roy and Hord (2003) provide an in-deph guide for designing and delivering qualiy professional learning opporuniies. The auhors discuss an underlying premise of he NSDC sandards: he day-o-day professional conversaions focused on insrucional issues... form he basis for powerful professional developmen. Addiionally, he erms collaboraion and collaboraive can be found in he descripion of almos every sandard. While his book provides many clues on wha collaboraive professional conversaions abou eaching and learning look like in pracice, wha eachers acually do when hey come ogeher o design lessons or alk abou suden progress varies grealy. Some eacher eams discuss books, some research ways o each paricular conceps, and ohers have wide-ranging discussions abou he various challenges hey face as eachers, such as lack of suppor from adminisraion and parens, unmoivaed sudens, or insufficien resources. In he work SEDL did from o encourage schools and disrics o work more sysemically o improve suden achievemen, we encounered all of he above. I also became clear ha almos none of he work eachers were doing when hey me as a PLC resuled in any real susained change in wha happened in classrooms. Wha a wase of precious ime for eachers. I s no wonder ha we heard he refrain, Jus leave me in my classroom so I can ge some work done. Building on previous work on PLCs, lesson sudy, looking a suden work, and sandardsbased insrucion, SEDL saff developed he Professional Teaching and Learning Cycle (PTLC). The PTLC process begins when eachers look a suden performance daa from sae assessmens or locally developed benchmark ess aligned o sae sandards. The process comprises six phases ha are played ou during wo collaboraive meeings (see char, p. 12). Ideally, groups of 2 8 eachers are gahered ogeher for a period of 2 3 hours 1 o sudy he sandards, selec an effecive sraegy o address hose sandards, and plan an effecive lesson using ha sraegy. Then hose eachers reurn o heir classrooms o implemen he lesson. The same group of eachers reconvenes a few weeks laer in a second collaboraive meeing o analyze suden work ha was generaed during he lesson and adjus heir plans for fuure insrucion accordingly. The PTLC process is based on elemens of research from boh effecive adul learning and effecive insrucion ied o increased suden By Ed Tobia 1 For he firs year or 2 of implemening he PTLC, 2 3 hours is recommended; however, when saff become more adep wih he process and more comforable wih collaboraion, meeings can be run more efficienly and require less ime. Souhwes Educaional Developmen Laboraory

2 12 SEDL Leer APRIL 2007 The Professional Teaching and Learning Cycle Prior o beginning he cycle, a eam of eachers examines suden achievemen daa from sae achievemen ess or local benchmark ess aligned o he sae sandards and selecs sandards on which o focus. Phase I: Sudy Teachers work in collaboraive planning eams (grade-level, verical, or deparmenal) o criically examine and discuss he learning expecaions from he seleced sae sandards. Teachers working collaboraively develop a common undersanding of he following: The conceps and skills sudens need o mee he expecaions in he sandards How he sandards for a grade or course are assessed on sae and local ess How he sandards fi wihin a scope and sequence of he disric curriculum Phase II: Selec Collaboraive planning eams research and selec insrucional sraegies and resources for enhancing learning as described in he sandards. Working collaboraively, eachers idenify effecive research-based sraegies and appropriae resources ha will be used o suppor learning ha is aligned o he sandards; and agree on appropriae assessmen echniques ha will be used o provide evidence of suden learning. Phase III: Plan Collaboraive planning eams work ogeher o formally plan a lesson incorporaing he seleced sraegies and agree on he ype of suden work each eacher will ake ino he Analyze phase of he PTLC o reveal evidence of suden learning. Working collaboraively, eachers develop a common formal plan oulining he lesson objecives (relevan o he sandards), he maerials being used, he procedures, he ime frame for he lesson, and he aciviies in which sudens will be engaged; and decide wha evidence of suden learning will be colleced during he implemenaion. Phase IV: Implemen Teachers each he planned lesson, make noe of implemenaion successes and challenges, and gaher he agreed-upon evidence of suden learning. Working collaboraively, eachers deliver he lesson as planned in he specified ime period; record resuls, noing where sudens sruggled and where insrucion did no achieve expeced oucomes; and collec he agreed-upon evidence of suden learning o ake back o he collaboraive planning eam. Phase V: Analyze Teachers gaher again in collaboraive eams o examine suden work and discuss suden undersanding of he sandards. Working collaboraively, eachers revisi and familiarize hemselves wih he sandards before analyzing suden work; analyze a sampling of suden work for evidence of suden learning; discuss wheher sudens have me he expecaions oulined in he sandards and make inferences abou he srenghs, weaknesses, and implicaions of insrucion; and idenify wha sudens know and wha skill needs o be srenghened in fuure lessons. Phase VI: Adjus Collaboraive eams reflec on he resuls of analyzing suden work. Teachers discuss alernaive insrucional sraegies or modificaions o he original insrucional sraegy ha may be beer suied o promoing suden learning. Working collaboraively, eachers reflec on heir common and disparae eaching experiences; consider and idenify alernaive insrucional sraegies for fuure insrucion; refine and improve he lesson; and deermine when he insrucional modificaions will ake place, wha can be buil ino subsequen lessons, and wha needs an addiional argeed lesson. achievemen. I akes he recommendaions from Marzano s (2001, 2003) work on classroom insrucion and school facors ha are closely relaed o suden achievemen (paricularly he imporance of having a guaraneed, viable curriculum) and pus hem ino an organized model for eacher developmen. The PTLC also models he behaviors suggesed by he NSDC sandards. The process encourages eacher collaboraion; focuses on job-embedded learning; uses a sysemic improvemen sraegy; ies learning o a se of sandards; and moniors progress of eachers and sudens. The PTLC process begins by inroducing saff o he process, carving ou sufficien ime for eachers o mee during he school day, and pulling ogeher he prin resources necessary o suppor he work (suden achievemen daa, sae sandards, curriculum documens). Teacher eams made up of 3 8 grade-level or conen-area eachers mus be esablished. Teams begin by examining suden achievemen daa and selecing a sae sandard or a se of sandards o focus on for he firs cycle. Depending on he level of comfor eachers have wih suden achievemen daa or wih aking ime o really sudy he sae sandards, some professional developmen may be necessary before beginning. One of he advanages of inroducing he PTLC process is ha i provides a way o focus professional developmen while allowing for individual differences. The PTLC is a professional developmen model in iself, bu i also requires some argeed professional developmen for he eachers who are using i. Teachers need o be up-o-dae on how o analyze suden achievemen daa. They need guidance in sudying and unwrapping he sandards, in deepening conen so hey have a greaer reperoire of eaching sraegies o call on, in developing proocols for looking a suden work, and in using muliple approaches o adjus insrucion for sudens who have no masered he sandards hey have augh. Providing professional developmen sessions in each of hese areas creaes a purpose for professional developmen ha is focused on supporing he PTLC (see figure on p. 13). The PTLC process iself is no revoluionary, bu is srucure provides some clear direcion for eachers as hey begin o work ogeher o improve insrucion. Inroducing and iniiaing he srucure of he PTLC, however, is no enough Souhwes Educaional Developmen Laboraory

3 SEDL Leer APRIL Conex for Change Wha eachers do in a professional learning communiy Focus on daa Focused Professional Developmen Professional eaching and learning cycle* Teachers collaborae o ensure insrucional coherence STUDY he sandards and agree on suden learning expecaions. ADJUST insrucion o ensure all sudens are proficien in he sae sandards SELECT insrucional sraegies and resources o mee expecaions ANALYZE suden work PLAN lessons ha include a common assessmen IMPLEMENT he plan *Adaped from he professional eaching model of he Charles A. Dana Cener Teacher collaboraion is enhanced by a conex of favorable condiions wihin he school: Safe and orderly environmen Climae ha promoes open, rusing relaionships and collaboraion Sense of urgency High expecaions for saff and sudens Compeen, caring aduls Muual accounabiliy Leaders can creae he favorable condiions for powerful professional learning by: Creaing an amosphere and conex for change Developing and communicaing a shared vision for change Planning and providing resources Invesing in professional developmen Checking progress Giving coninuous assisance Souhwes Educaional Developmen Laboraory

4 14 SEDL Leer APRIL 2007 Leaders mus creae a climae ha promoes open, rusing relaionships. o ensure ha eachers use he process in a way ha improves heir classroom insrucion and suden achievemen. During a sie visi o a high school, I wached in amazemen as a group of algebra eachers (who me on heir own ime) sruggled wih how o each a paricular mah concep well. They had developed heir own Web sie where hey posed lesson plans hey could each follow and had developed some common assessmens. During his session, hey were using he resuls of one common assessmen o figure ou why a number of sudens didn ge a paricular algebraic concep and were sruggling wih how o each ha concep in such a way ha all sudens would successfully apply i in pracice. Two novice eachers were in he group, and I can only imagine he learning ha was aking place, no o menion he modeling of wha i means o be a professional. During anoher sie visi, I wached as eachers who had been provided wih 2 days of professional developmen on PLCs me o collaborae on eaching heir sudens o develop pre-reading skills. The conversaion almos immediaely urned o saemens abou individual sudens, general commens abou parens, and complains abou he expecaions being placed on hem by adminisraors. The one area hey were in unanimous agreemen abou was ha hey would be beer off working in heir own classrooms in isolaion. Wha made he difference beween hese wo siuaions? I all came down o leadership no only he leadership of he principal and he disric personnel, bu also ha of eacher leaders wih responsibiliy for creaing he condiions in which he PTLC process can be successful. Leaders who hope o implemen he PTLC mus pay close aenion o he implemenaion of he process. Researchers focusing on implemenaion have idenified six key leadership behaviors, which are discussed below (Hord, 1992). 1. Creae an amosphere and conex for change The condiions in which eachers are working can be he difference beween he successful implemenaion of he PTLC resuling in improved suden learning or is inclusion in he vas burial ground of educaional reform ideas. If eachers have had lile opporuniy o work on collaboraive eams, simply giving hem ime, es resuls, a se of sandards, and he charge o improve doesn work. Sharing wha hey know abou he sandards and abou insrucion is risky business. If hey know more han heir colleagues, hey risk being isolaed as know-i-alls, and if he know lile, hey risk exposing heir ignorance. Eiher scenario resuls in sifled meeings ha soon lead o frusraion wih he process and evenual anger wih hose who iniiaed he change. Leaders mus help creae a safe and orderly environmen in he school. They mus creae a climae ha promoes open, rusing relaionships and collaboraion among all saff members (Tschannen-Moran, 2004). Leaders hold high expecaions for saff and sudens and pay aenion o he concerns of eachers and sudens alike while holding everyone accounable for resuls. Finally, hey model he behaviors hey wan o see in ohers, like aending professional developmen sessions and PTLC meeings o provide encouragemen and suppor. 2. Develop and communicae a shared vision for change When everyone in he school shares a sense of urgency abou he need for improvemen, here is greaer likelihood of being able o have eachers implemen he PTLC. Leaders work wih all saff members o creae a clear picure of wha should happen in classrooms in order o achieve improved suden learning. Wih ha end in mind, he saff can hen picure how hey can work ogeher o reach heir goals. Leaders refer o his vision a every meeing and in every communicaion and make i clear ha he PTLC is he kind of process ha mees NSDC sandards and can help focus he work of eachers raher han adding o i. 3. Plan and provide resources In order for he implemenaion of he PTLC o be effecive, leaders plan for he bes use of ime, personnel, maerials, and fiscal resources o suppor he process. Teachers who have access o disaggregaed daa, he sae sandards for he grade and conen hey each, and a scope and sequence ha is aligned wih he sae sandards have he easies ime using he PTLC. They also need sufficien ime for collaboraion and access o sources of informaion abou research-based insrucional sraegies and assessmen pracices. 4. Inves in professional developmen Too ofen, professional developmen sessions are offered away from he school and cover a wide variey of opics ha may or may no address he needs of eachers or he sudens hey each. As menioned earlier, professional developmen can be designed o suppor eachers in deepening heir conen knowledge and becoming more familiar wih he use of daa (including classroom evidence of suden learning) o inform insrucion. By focusing professional developmen and avoiding one-sho wonders, he invesmen made in professional developmen has a greaer long-erm impac on classroom insrucion. Souhwes Educaional Developmen Laboraory

5 SEDL Leer APRIL Check progress Once he PTLC is in place i is imperaive o coninually check wih he eachers o see how i is going. The key quesions are, Is i helping you each more effecively? and Is i making a difference wih suden learning? Leaders visi classrooms frequenly and gaher progress informaion abou he impac of he PTLC on eaching and suden achievemen boh formally and informally. The daa gahered provide informaion abou wha addiional assisance or professional developmen may be needed and wha adjusmens need o be made o he implemenaion plan. 6. Give coninuous assisance When SEDL saff inroduced he PTLC o a number of school disrics, we found i invaluable o have someone wih conen experise o work wih eachers as hey ackled he challenging job of sudying he sandards and developing a common undersanding of effecive insrucion and assessmen ha suppors sudens masering he sandards. Based on he conversaions, classroom visis, and formal assessmens of eacher and suden learning, argeed assisance mus be made available o eachers hrough he focused professional developmen opporuniies, on-sie conen and insrucional assisance, and ensuring ha necessary resources are available o suppor eachers implemening he PTLC. The PTLC can be a powerful ool for helping eachers no only learn new sraegies for helping sudens succeed bu also implemen and es hose sraegies in a communiy of learners who are focused on bringing sae sandards o life in he classroom. An assisan superinenden in Arkansas, Sally Benne repored ha for eachers in her disric, using he PTLC has become a par of heir rouine. They mee collegially on a regular basis and alk abou how heir sudens are performing. She can see he evidence of heir collaboraive work from he dynamics of wha s going on in he classroom when she makes her school visis. The PTLC process is complex, and aenion mus be paid o he conex in which i plays ou and he suppor i needs o become a regular par of wha happens in school. In a recen conversaion, Michael Fullan said, I s no longer OK for eachers o work in isolaion. The new role for eachers is ineracive professionalism. The PTLC is an excellen ool for helping eachers ake on ha new role. References Hord, S. (ed.) (2004). Learning ogeher, leading ogeher: Changing schools hrough professional learning communiies. New York: Teachers College Press. Hord, S. M. (1992). Faciliaive leadership: The imperaive for change. Ausin, TX: Souhwes Educaional Developmen Laboraory. Marzano, R. (2001). Classroom insrucion ha works: Research-based sraegies for increasing suden achievemen. Alexandria, VA: Associaion of Supervision and Curriculum Developmen. Marzano, R. (2003). Wha works in schools: Translaing research ino acion. Alexandria, VA: Associaion of Supervision and Curriculum Developmen. Roy, P., & Hord, S. (2003) Moving NSDC s saff developmen sandards ino pracice: Innovaion configuraions. Oxford, OH: Naional Saff Developmen Council. Tschannen-Moran, M. (2004). Trus maers: Leadership for successful schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Ed Tobia, is a former SEDL employee and reired eacher and adminisraor who is currenly consuling for NSDC and SEDL. He is also eaching parime a Texas Sae Universiy and creaing reflecive opporuniies for eachers and school adminisraors as a Courage o Teach faciliaor. He can be conaced a Souhwes Educaional Developmen Laboraory

Performance Center Overview. Performance Center Overview 1

Performance Center Overview. Performance Center Overview 1 Performance Cener Overview Performance Cener Overview 1 ODJFS Performance Cener ce Cener New Performance Cener Model Performance Cener Projec Meeings Performance Cener Execuive Meeings Performance Cener

More information

SKF Documented Solutions

SKF Documented Solutions SKF Documened Soluions Real world savings and we can prove i! How much can SKF save you? Le s do he numbers. The SKF Documened Soluions Program SKF is probably no he firs of your supplier parners o alk

More information

strategy T R U LY P E R S O N A L I Z E D

strategy T R U LY P E R S O N A L I Z E D Fund Selec Premier sraegy T R U LY P E R S O N A L I Z E D Invesing for your presen and fuure financial needs can seem overwhelming. I shouldn be, and i doesn have o be. Implemening a well-conceived invesmen

More information

USE OF EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY IN ENGLISH CLASSES

USE OF EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY IN ENGLISH CLASSES USE OF EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY IN ENGLISH CLASSES Mehme Nuri GÖMLEKSİZ Absrac Using educaion echnology in classes helps eachers realize a beer and more effecive learning. In his sudy 150 English eachers were

More information

Reporting to Management

Reporting to Management CHAPTER 31 Reporing o Managemen Inroducion The success or oherwise of any business underaking depends primarily on earning revenue ha would generae sufficien resources for sound growh. To achieve his objecive,

More information

Appendix D Flexibility Factor/Margin of Choice Desktop Research

Appendix D Flexibility Factor/Margin of Choice Desktop Research Appendix D Flexibiliy Facor/Margin of Choice Deskop Research Cheshire Eas Council Cheshire Eas Employmen Land Review Conens D1 Flexibiliy Facor/Margin of Choice Deskop Research 2 Final Ocober 2012 \\GLOBAL.ARUP.COM\EUROPE\MANCHESTER\JOBS\200000\223489-00\4

More information

TEACHER NOTES HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE NSPIRED

TEACHER NOTES HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE NSPIRED Radioacive Daing Science Objecives Sudens will discover ha radioacive isoopes decay exponenially. Sudens will discover ha each radioacive isoope has a specific half-life. Sudens will develop mahemaical

More information

Chapter 1.6 Financial Management

Chapter 1.6 Financial Management Chaper 1.6 Financial Managemen Par I: Objecive ype quesions and answers 1. Simple pay back period is equal o: a) Raio of Firs cos/ne yearly savings b) Raio of Annual gross cash flow/capial cos n c) = (1

More information

State Machines: Brief Introduction to Sequencers Prof. Andrew J. Mason, Michigan State University

State Machines: Brief Introduction to Sequencers Prof. Andrew J. Mason, Michigan State University Inroducion ae Machines: Brief Inroducion o equencers Prof. Andrew J. Mason, Michigan ae Universiy A sae machine models behavior defined by a finie number of saes (unique configuraions), ransiions beween

More information

Idealistic characteristics of Islamic Azad University masters - Islamshahr Branch from Students Perspective

Idealistic characteristics of Islamic Azad University masters - Islamshahr Branch from Students Perspective Available online a www.pelagiaresearchlibrary.com European Journal Experimenal Biology, 202, 2 (5):88789 ISSN: 2248 925 CODEN (USA): EJEBAU Idealisic characerisics Islamic Azad Universiy masers Islamshahr

More information

Chabot College Physics Lab RC Circuits Scott Hildreth

Chabot College Physics Lab RC Circuits Scott Hildreth Chabo College Physics Lab Circuis Sco Hildreh Goals: Coninue o advance your undersanding of circuis, measuring resisances, currens, and volages across muliple componens. Exend your skills in making breadboard

More information

Cannibalization and Product Life Cycle Management

Cannibalization and Product Life Cycle Management Middle-Eas Journal of Scienific Research 19 (8): 1080-1084, 2014 ISSN 1990-9233 IDOSI Publicaions, 2014 DOI: 10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2014.19.8.11868 Cannibalizaion and Produc Life Cycle Managemen Ali Farrukh

More information

Acceleration Lab Teacher s Guide

Acceleration Lab Teacher s Guide Acceleraion Lab Teacher s Guide Objecives:. Use graphs of disance vs. ime and velociy vs. ime o find acceleraion of a oy car.. Observe he relaionship beween he angle of an inclined plane and he acceleraion

More information

a case study CALDWELL EARLY COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL Amelia entered Princeton University this fall on a full scholarship. My classes have taught me how to

a case study CALDWELL EARLY COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL Amelia entered Princeton University this fall on a full scholarship. My classes have taught me how to CALDWELL EARLY COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL by Anne D Agosino, Compass Evaluaion & Research, Inc. In a sae ha leads he naion in he developmen of innovaive early college high schools ha are giving more sudens a

More information

Initiative to Transform Medical Education

Initiative to Transform Medical Education American Medical Associaion Iniiaive o Transform Medical Educaion American Medical Associaion Recommendaions for change in he sysem of medical educaion Iniiaive o Transform Medical Educaion Recommendaions

More information

Graphing the Von Bertalanffy Growth Equation

Graphing the Von Bertalanffy Growth Equation file: d:\b173-2013\von_beralanffy.wpd dae: Sepember 23, 2013 Inroducion Graphing he Von Beralanffy Growh Equaion Previously, we calculaed regressions of TL on SL for fish size daa and ploed he daa and

More information

2.6 Limits at Infinity, Horizontal Asymptotes Math 1271, TA: Amy DeCelles. 1. Overview. 2. Examples. Outline: 1. Definition of limits at infinity

2.6 Limits at Infinity, Horizontal Asymptotes Math 1271, TA: Amy DeCelles. 1. Overview. 2. Examples. Outline: 1. Definition of limits at infinity .6 Limis a Infiniy, Horizonal Asympoes Mah 7, TA: Amy DeCelles. Overview Ouline:. Definiion of is a infiniy. Definiion of horizonal asympoe 3. Theorem abou raional powers of. Infinie is a infiniy This

More information

If You Are No Longer Able to Work

If You Are No Longer Able to Work If You Are No Longer Able o Work NY STRS A Guide for Making Disabiliy Reiremen Decisions INTRODUCTION If you re forced o sop working because of a serious illness or injury, you and your family will be

More information

Advise on the development of a Learning Technologies Strategy at the Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck

Advise on the development of a Learning Technologies Strategy at the Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck Advise on he developmen of a Learning Technologies Sraegy a he Leopold-Franzens-Universiä Innsbruck Prof. Dr. Rob Koper Open Universiy of he Neherlands Educaional Technology Experise Cener Conex - Period

More information

The Grantor Retained Annuity Trust (GRAT)

The Grantor Retained Annuity Trust (GRAT) WEALTH ADVISORY Esae Planning Sraegies for closely-held, family businesses The Granor Reained Annuiy Trus (GRAT) An efficien wealh ransfer sraegy, paricularly in a low ineres rae environmen Family business

More information

INTRODUCTION TO EMAIL MARKETING PERSONALIZATION. How to increase your sales with personalized triggered emails

INTRODUCTION TO EMAIL MARKETING PERSONALIZATION. How to increase your sales with personalized triggered emails INTRODUCTION TO EMAIL MARKETING PERSONALIZATION How o increase your sales wih personalized riggered emails ECOMMERCE TRIGGERED EMAILS BEST PRACTICES Triggered emails are generaed in real ime based on each

More information

Morningstar Investor Return

Morningstar Investor Return Morningsar Invesor Reurn Morningsar Mehodology Paper Augus 31, 2010 2010 Morningsar, Inc. All righs reserved. The informaion in his documen is he propery of Morningsar, Inc. Reproducion or ranscripion

More information

Establishing Prefabricated Wood I-Joist Composite EI

Establishing Prefabricated Wood I-Joist Composite EI July 008 Esablishing Prefabricaed Wood I- Composie EI INTRODUCTION Composie (glued/nailed) floors are common in boh residenial and commercial consrucion, and have been successfully designed by Prefabricaed

More information

Child Protective Services. A Guide To Investigative Procedures

Child Protective Services. A Guide To Investigative Procedures Child Proecive Services A Guide To Invesigaive Procedures The purpose of his brochure is o help you undersand he Child Proecive Services (CPS) reporing and response process. Please conac your CPS worker

More information

MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATE PROGRAMS. tr aini ng.ua.edu. Management Certificate Programs To Improve Your Competitive Edge!

MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATE PROGRAMS. tr aini ng.ua.edu. Management Certificate Programs To Improve Your Competitive Edge! MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATE PROGRAMS r aini ng.ua.edu o u ch i n g l i v e s Bryan Conference Cener Tuscaloosa, Alabama Managemen Cerificae Programs To Improve Your Compeiive Edge! Inroducory-Advanced Managemen

More information

YTM is positively related to default risk. YTM is positively related to liquidity risk. YTM is negatively related to special tax treatment.

YTM is positively related to default risk. YTM is positively related to liquidity risk. YTM is negatively related to special tax treatment. . Two quesions for oday. A. Why do bonds wih he same ime o mauriy have differen YTM s? B. Why do bonds wih differen imes o mauriy have differen YTM s? 2. To answer he firs quesion les look a he risk srucure

More information

Identify and ranking the factors that influence establishment of total quality management system in Payame Noor University of Lordegan

Identify and ranking the factors that influence establishment of total quality management system in Payame Noor University of Lordegan Idenify and ranking he facors ha influence esablishmen of oal qualiy sysem in Payame Noor Universiy of Lordegan Farhad Farhadi MA Suden, Deparmen of Managemen, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad Universiy,

More information

Revisions to Nonfarm Payroll Employment: 1964 to 2011

Revisions to Nonfarm Payroll Employment: 1964 to 2011 Revisions o Nonfarm Payroll Employmen: 1964 o 2011 Tom Sark December 2011 Summary Over recen monhs, he Bureau of Labor Saisics (BLS) has revised upward is iniial esimaes of he monhly change in nonfarm

More information

PolicyCore. Putting Innovation and Customer Service at the Core of Your Policy Administration and Underwriting

PolicyCore. Putting Innovation and Customer Service at the Core of Your Policy Administration and Underwriting PolicyCore Puing Innovaion and Cusomer Service a he Core of Your Policy Adminisraion and Underwriing As new echnologies emerge and cusomer expecaions escalae, P&C insurers are seeing opporuniies o grow

More information

Vector Autoregressions (VARs): Operational Perspectives

Vector Autoregressions (VARs): Operational Perspectives Vecor Auoregressions (VARs): Operaional Perspecives Primary Source: Sock, James H., and Mark W. Wason, Vecor Auoregressions, Journal of Economic Perspecives, Vol. 15 No. 4 (Fall 2001), 101-115. Macroeconomericians

More information

The Greek financial crisis: growing imbalances and sovereign spreads. Heather D. Gibson, Stephan G. Hall and George S. Tavlas

The Greek financial crisis: growing imbalances and sovereign spreads. Heather D. Gibson, Stephan G. Hall and George S. Tavlas The Greek financial crisis: growing imbalances and sovereign spreads Heaher D. Gibson, Sephan G. Hall and George S. Tavlas The enry The enry of Greece ino he Eurozone in 2001 produced a dividend in he

More information

Research Question Is the average body temperature of healthy adults 98.6 F? Introduction to Hypothesis Testing. Statistical Hypothesis

Research Question Is the average body temperature of healthy adults 98.6 F? Introduction to Hypothesis Testing. Statistical Hypothesis Inroducion o Hypohesis Tesing Research Quesion Is he average body emperaure of healhy aduls 98.6 F? HT - 1 HT - 2 Scienific Mehod 1. Sae research hypoheses or quesions. µ = 98.6? 2. Gaher daa or evidence

More information

Usefulness of the Forward Curve in Forecasting Oil Prices

Usefulness of the Forward Curve in Forecasting Oil Prices Usefulness of he Forward Curve in Forecasing Oil Prices Akira Yanagisawa Leader Energy Demand, Supply and Forecas Analysis Group The Energy Daa and Modelling Cener Summary When people analyse oil prices,

More information

CAREER MAP HOME HEALTH AIDE

CAREER MAP HOME HEALTH AIDE CAREER MAP HOME HEALTH AIDE CAREER MAP HOME HEALTH AIDE Home healh aides are one of he fases growing jobs in New York Ciy. Wih more educaion, home healh aides can move ino many oher ypes of jobs in healh

More information

CHARGE AND DISCHARGE OF A CAPACITOR

CHARGE AND DISCHARGE OF A CAPACITOR REFERENCES RC Circuis: Elecrical Insrumens: Mos Inroducory Physics exs (e.g. A. Halliday and Resnick, Physics ; M. Sernheim and J. Kane, General Physics.) This Laboraory Manual: Commonly Used Insrumens:

More information

Why Do Real and Nominal. Inventory-Sales Ratios Have Different Trends?

Why Do Real and Nominal. Inventory-Sales Ratios Have Different Trends? Why Do Real and Nominal Invenory-Sales Raios Have Differen Trends? By Valerie A. Ramey Professor of Economics Deparmen of Economics Universiy of California, San Diego and Research Associae Naional Bureau

More information

PROFIT TEST MODELLING IN LIFE ASSURANCE USING SPREADSHEETS PART ONE

PROFIT TEST MODELLING IN LIFE ASSURANCE USING SPREADSHEETS PART ONE Profi Tes Modelling in Life Assurance Using Spreadshees PROFIT TEST MODELLING IN LIFE ASSURANCE USING SPREADSHEETS PART ONE Erik Alm Peer Millingon 2004 Profi Tes Modelling in Life Assurance Using Spreadshees

More information

11. Tire pressure. Here we always work with relative pressure. That s what everybody always does.

11. Tire pressure. Here we always work with relative pressure. That s what everybody always does. 11. Tire pressure. The graph You have a hole in your ire. You pump i up o P=400 kilopascals (kpa) and over he nex few hours i goes down ill he ire is quie fla. Draw wha you hink he graph of ire pressure

More information

Permutations and Combinations

Permutations and Combinations Permuaions and Combinaions Combinaorics Copyrigh Sandards 006, Tes - ANSWERS Barry Mabillard. 0 www.mah0s.com 1. Deermine he middle erm in he expansion of ( a b) To ge he k-value for he middle erm, divide

More information

4. International Parity Conditions

4. International Parity Conditions 4. Inernaional ariy ondiions 4.1 urchasing ower ariy he urchasing ower ariy ( heory is one of he early heories of exchange rae deerminaion. his heory is based on he concep ha he demand for a counry's currency

More information

The Application of Multi Shifts and Break Windows in Employees Scheduling

The Application of Multi Shifts and Break Windows in Employees Scheduling The Applicaion of Muli Shifs and Brea Windows in Employees Scheduling Evy Herowai Indusrial Engineering Deparmen, Universiy of Surabaya, Indonesia Absrac. One mehod for increasing company s performance

More information

Nowadays, almost all health organizations do not have

Nowadays, almost all health organizations do not have Original Aricle The Developmen of Nurse Residency Program OBJECTIVE: To sudy new graduae nurses work problems; o design raining program courses as well as he experimenal evaluaion of he effeciveness of

More information

A Curriculum Module for AP Calculus BC Curriculum Module

A Curriculum Module for AP Calculus BC Curriculum Module Vecors: A Curriculum Module for AP Calculus BC 00 Curriculum Module The College Board The College Board is a no-for-profi membership associaion whose mission is o connec sudens o college success and opporuniy.

More information

Impact of scripless trading on business practices of Sub-brokers.

Impact of scripless trading on business practices of Sub-brokers. Impac of scripless rading on business pracices of Sub-brokers. For furher deails, please conac: Mr. T. Koshy Vice Presiden Naional Securiies Deposiory Ld. Tradeworld, 5 h Floor, Kamala Mills Compound,

More information

Relationship between Student Self-monitoring, Type of Peer Feedback and EFL Writing Performance

Relationship between Student Self-monitoring, Type of Peer Feedback and EFL Writing Performance ISSN 1799-2591 Theory and Pracice in Language Sudies, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp. 909-915, May 2012 Manufacured in Finland. doi:10.404/pls.2.5.909-915 Relaionship beween Suden Self-monioring, Type of Peer Feedback

More information

CAPt. Print e-procurement: Changing the Face of the Printing Industry CAP VENTURES. Market Forecast for Web-Based Print e-procurement

CAPt. Print e-procurement: Changing the Face of the Printing Industry CAP VENTURES. Market Forecast for Web-Based Print e-procurement Prin e-procuremen: Changing he Face of he Prining Indusry Marke Forecas for Web-Based Prin e-procuremen Buyers Crieria for Web Procuremen Opporuniies and Advanages for Prin Service Providers Profiles of

More information

Chapter 8: Regression with Lagged Explanatory Variables

Chapter 8: Regression with Lagged Explanatory Variables Chaper 8: Regression wih Lagged Explanaory Variables Time series daa: Y for =1,..,T End goal: Regression model relaing a dependen variable o explanaory variables. Wih ime series new issues arise: 1. One

More information

Impact of Debt on Primary Deficit and GSDP Gap in Odisha: Empirical Evidences

Impact of Debt on Primary Deficit and GSDP Gap in Odisha: Empirical Evidences S.R. No. 002 10/2015/CEFT Impac of Deb on Primary Defici and GSDP Gap in Odisha: Empirical Evidences 1. Inroducion The excessive pressure of public expendiure over is revenue receip is financed hrough

More information

Relative velocity in one dimension

Relative velocity in one dimension Connexions module: m13618 1 Relaive velociy in one dimension Sunil Kumar Singh This work is produced by The Connexions Projec and licensed under he Creaive Commons Aribuion License Absrac All quaniies

More information

Reading for Ethiopia s Achievement Developed. Monitoring and Evaluation (READ M&E) Quarterly Report. Year 1, Q1: 1 January 31 March 2015 (Revised)

Reading for Ethiopia s Achievement Developed. Monitoring and Evaluation (READ M&E) Quarterly Report. Year 1, Q1: 1 January 31 March 2015 (Revised) Reading for Ehiopia s Achievemen Developed Monioring and Evaluaion (READ M&E) Quarerly Repor Year 1, Q1: 1 January 31 March 2015 (Revised) April 2015 A parnership wih he: American Insiues for Research

More information

Software Project Management tools: A Comparative Analysis

Software Project Management tools: A Comparative Analysis Sofware Projec Managemen ools: A Comparaive Analysis Mrs. Sonali Nemade Pad.Dr.D.Y.Pail A.C.S. College, Pimpri (India) sonali_namade@yahoo.co.in Mrs. Madhuri.A. Darekar Pad.Dr.D.Y.Pail A.C.S. College,

More information

Investigation of Human Resource Management Practices (HRM) in Hospitals of Jalgaon District

Investigation of Human Resource Management Practices (HRM) in Hospitals of Jalgaon District BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY (IJSSBT), Vol. 1,.2, FEBRUARY 213 Invesigaion of Human Resource Managemen Pracices (HRM) in Hospials of Jalgaon Disric Saroj B. Pail*; Dr. P.T.Choudhari** *Research Scholar, rh

More information

11/6/2013. Chapter 14: Dynamic AD-AS. Introduction. Introduction. Keeping track of time. The model s elements

11/6/2013. Chapter 14: Dynamic AD-AS. Introduction. Introduction. Keeping track of time. The model s elements Inroducion Chaper 14: Dynamic D-S dynamic model of aggregae and aggregae supply gives us more insigh ino how he economy works in he shor run. I is a simplified version of a DSGE model, used in cuing-edge

More information

Entropy: From the Boltzmann equation to the Maxwell Boltzmann distribution

Entropy: From the Boltzmann equation to the Maxwell Boltzmann distribution Enropy: From he Bolzmann equaion o he Maxwell Bolzmann disribuion A formula o relae enropy o probabiliy Ofen i is a lo more useful o hink abou enropy in erms of he probabiliy wih which differen saes are

More information

cooking trajectory boiling water B (t) microwave 0 2 4 6 8 101214161820 time t (mins)

cooking trajectory boiling water B (t) microwave 0 2 4 6 8 101214161820 time t (mins) Alligaor egg wih calculus We have a large alligaor egg jus ou of he fridge (1 ) which we need o hea o 9. Now here are wo accepable mehods for heaing alligaor eggs, one is o immerse hem in boiling waer

More information

Management problems of electronic information resources: A case study of UNN Library

Management problems of electronic information resources: A case study of UNN Library Vol. 5(5), pp. 126-133, June, 2013 DOI: 10.5897/IJLIS011.097 ISSN 2141 2537 2013 Academic Journals hp://www.academicjournals.org/ijlis Inernaional Journal of Library and Informaion Science Full Lengh Research

More information

INNOVATIVE CUSTOMISED SOLUTIONS. Global Securities Lending

INNOVATIVE CUSTOMISED SOLUTIONS. Global Securities Lending INNOVATIVE CUSTOMISED SOLUTIONS Global Securiies Lending PrOVIDINg You Wih Innovaive Soluions Wih Norhern Trus you ge proven performance, unrivalled clien focus and excepional capial srengh. These qualiies,

More information

Market Liquidity and the Impacts of the Computerized Trading System: Evidence from the Stock Exchange of Thailand

Market Liquidity and the Impacts of the Computerized Trading System: Evidence from the Stock Exchange of Thailand 36 Invesmen Managemen and Financial Innovaions, 4/4 Marke Liquidiy and he Impacs of he Compuerized Trading Sysem: Evidence from he Sock Exchange of Thailand Sorasar Sukcharoensin 1, Pariyada Srisopisawa,

More information

GoRA. For more information on genetics and on Rheumatoid Arthritis: Genetics of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Published work referred to in the results:

GoRA. For more information on genetics and on Rheumatoid Arthritis: Genetics of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Published work referred to in the results: For more informaion on geneics and on Rheumaoid Arhriis: Published work referred o in he resuls: The geneics revoluion and he assaul on rheumaoid arhriis. A review by Michael Seldin, Crisopher Amos, Ryk

More information

Relationships between Stock Prices and Accounting Information: A Review of the Residual Income and Ohlson Models. Scott Pirie* and Malcolm Smith**

Relationships between Stock Prices and Accounting Information: A Review of the Residual Income and Ohlson Models. Scott Pirie* and Malcolm Smith** Relaionships beween Sock Prices and Accouning Informaion: A Review of he Residual Income and Ohlson Models Sco Pirie* and Malcolm Smih** * Inernaional Graduae School of Managemen, Universiy of Souh Ausralia

More information

Title Manager System

Title Manager System Tile Manager Sysem Produc User Manual Sison Ld. 47 Wellingon Square, Hasings, TN34 1PN info@sison.com www.sison.com Table of Conens Inroducion... 3 Books... 4 Creaing a new ile record... 5 Tile... 5 Conribuor...

More information

Appendix A: Area. 1 Find the radius of a circle that has circumference 12 inches.

Appendix A: Area. 1 Find the radius of a circle that has circumference 12 inches. Appendi A: Area worked-ou s o Odd-Numbered Eercises Do no read hese worked-ou s before aemping o do he eercises ourself. Oherwise ou ma mimic he echniques shown here wihou undersanding he ideas. Bes wa

More information

SPECIAL REPORT May 4, Shifting Drivers of Inflation Canada versus the U.S.

SPECIAL REPORT May 4, Shifting Drivers of Inflation Canada versus the U.S. Paul Ferley Assisan Chief Economis 416-974-7231 paul.ferley@rbc.com Nahan Janzen Economis 416-974-0579 nahan.janzen@rbc.com SPECIAL REPORT May 4, 2010 Shifing Drivers of Inflaion Canada versus he U.S.

More information

Fourier series. Learning outcomes

Fourier series. Learning outcomes Fourier series 23 Conens. Periodic funcions 2. Represening ic funcions by Fourier Series 3. Even and odd funcions 4. Convergence 5. Half-range series 6. The complex form 7. Applicaion of Fourier series

More information

Task is a schedulable entity, i.e., a thread

Task is a schedulable entity, i.e., a thread Real-Time Scheduling Sysem Model Task is a schedulable eniy, i.e., a hread Time consrains of periodic ask T: - s: saring poin - e: processing ime of T - d: deadline of T - p: period of T Periodic ask T

More information

Course Outline. Course Coordinator: Dr. Tanu Sharma Assistant Professor Dept. of humanities and Social Sciences Email:tanu.sharma@juit.ac.

Course Outline. Course Coordinator: Dr. Tanu Sharma Assistant Professor Dept. of humanities and Social Sciences Email:tanu.sharma@juit.ac. Course Name : HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Course Code: 10B1WPD75 Course Credi: (-0-0) Semeser: VII Course Type: Elecive (All B. Tech. sudens) Deparmen: Humaniies and Social Sciences Course Coordinaor: Dr.

More information

GUIDE GOVERNING SMI RISK CONTROL INDICES

GUIDE GOVERNING SMI RISK CONTROL INDICES GUIDE GOVERNING SMI RISK CONTROL IND ICES SIX Swiss Exchange Ld 04/2012 i C O N T E N T S 1. Index srucure... 1 1.1 Concep... 1 1.2 General principles... 1 1.3 Index Commission... 1 1.4 Review of index

More information

Chapter 2 Kinematics in One Dimension

Chapter 2 Kinematics in One Dimension Chaper Kinemaics in One Dimension Chaper DESCRIBING MOTION:KINEMATICS IN ONE DIMENSION PREVIEW Kinemaics is he sudy of how hings moe how far (disance and displacemen), how fas (speed and elociy), and how

More information

K-4 Physical Education/Health Education: A Foundation for Implementation SUGGESTIONS FOR INSTRUCTION. Know Your Limit. Play Safe!

K-4 Physical Education/Health Education: A Foundation for Implementation SUGGESTIONS FOR INSTRUCTION. Know Your Limit. Play Safe! Grade 2 3. Safey The suden will demonsrae safe and responsible behaviours o manage risks and preven injuries in physical aciviy paricipaion and in daily living. K-4 Physical Educaion/Healh Educaion: A

More information

Part 1: White Noise and Moving Average Models

Part 1: White Noise and Moving Average Models Chaper 3: Forecasing From Time Series Models Par 1: Whie Noise and Moving Average Models Saionariy In his chaper, we sudy models for saionary ime series. A ime series is saionary if is underlying saisical

More information

Graduate Macro Theory II: Notes on Neoclassical Growth Model

Graduate Macro Theory II: Notes on Neoclassical Growth Model Graduae Macro Theory II: Noes on Neoclassical Growh Model Eric Sims Universiy of Nore Dame Spring 2011 1 Basic Neoclassical Growh Model The economy is populaed by a large number of infiniely lived agens.

More information

Imagine a Source (S) of sound waves that emits waves having frequency f and therefore

Imagine a Source (S) of sound waves that emits waves having frequency f and therefore heoreical Noes: he oppler Eec wih ound Imagine a ource () o sound waes ha emis waes haing requency and hereore period as measured in he res rame o he ource (). his means ha any eecor () ha is no moing

More information

Individual Health Insurance April 30, 2008 Pages 167-170

Individual Health Insurance April 30, 2008 Pages 167-170 Individual Healh Insurance April 30, 2008 Pages 167-170 We have received feedback ha his secion of he e is confusing because some of he defined noaion is inconsisen wih comparable life insurance reserve

More information

Lecture III: Finish Discounted Value Formulation

Lecture III: Finish Discounted Value Formulation Lecure III: Finish Discouned Value Formulaion I. Inernal Rae of Reurn A. Formally defined: Inernal Rae of Reurn is ha ineres rae which reduces he ne presen value of an invesmen o zero.. Finding he inernal

More information

Chapter 8 Student Lecture Notes 8-1

Chapter 8 Student Lecture Notes 8-1 Chaper Suden Lecure Noes - Chaper Goals QM: Business Saisics Chaper Analyzing and Forecasing -Series Daa Afer compleing his chaper, you should be able o: Idenify he componens presen in a ime series Develop

More information

Duration and Convexity ( ) 20 = Bond B has a maturity of 5 years and also has a required rate of return of 10%. Its price is $613.

Duration and Convexity ( ) 20 = Bond B has a maturity of 5 years and also has a required rate of return of 10%. Its price is $613. Graduae School of Business Adminisraion Universiy of Virginia UVA-F-38 Duraion and Convexiy he price of a bond is a funcion of he promised paymens and he marke required rae of reurn. Since he promised

More information

The Relationship between Moral Intelligence with Organizational Development

The Relationship between Moral Intelligence with Organizational Development Inernaional Academic Insiue for Science and Technology Inernaional Academic Journal of Organizaional Behavior and Human esource Managemen Vol. 3, No. 6, 2016, pp. 31-38. ISSN 2454-2210 Inernaional Academic

More information

Section 7.1 Angles and Their Measure

Section 7.1 Angles and Their Measure Secion 7.1 Angles and Their Measure Greek Leers Commonly Used in Trigonomery Quadran II Quadran III Quadran I Quadran IV α = alpha β = bea θ = hea δ = dela ω = omega γ = gamma DEGREES The angle formed

More information

MACROECONOMIC FORECASTS AT THE MOF A LOOK INTO THE REAR VIEW MIRROR

MACROECONOMIC FORECASTS AT THE MOF A LOOK INTO THE REAR VIEW MIRROR MACROECONOMIC FORECASTS AT THE MOF A LOOK INTO THE REAR VIEW MIRROR The firs experimenal publicaion, which summarised pas and expeced fuure developmen of basic economic indicaors, was published by he Minisry

More information

An empirical analysis about forecasting Tmall air-conditioning sales using time series model Yan Xia

An empirical analysis about forecasting Tmall air-conditioning sales using time series model Yan Xia An empirical analysis abou forecasing Tmall air-condiioning sales using ime series model Yan Xia Deparmen of Mahemaics, Ocean Universiy of China, China Absrac Time series model is a hospo in he research

More information

EDUCATION POLICIES AND STRATEGIES

EDUCATION POLICIES AND STRATEGIES EDUCATION POLICIES AND STRATEGIES Naional Educaion Secor Developmen Plan: A resul-based planning handbook 13 Educaion Policies and Sraegies 13 Educaion Policies and Sraegies 13 Naional Educaion Secor Developmen

More information

NYWEA Asset Management Task Force White Paper

NYWEA Asset Management Task Force White Paper The New York Waer Environmen Associaion, Inc. The Waer Qualiy Professionals 525 Plum Sree Suie 102 Syracuse, New York 13204 (315) 422-7811 Fax: 422-3851 www.nywea.org e-mail: pcr@nywea.org NYWEA Asse Task

More information

The Impact of Promotional Mix Elements on Consumers Purchasing Decisions

The Impact of Promotional Mix Elements on Consumers Purchasing Decisions Inernaional usiness and Managemen Vol. 8, No. 2, 2014, pp. 143-151 DOI:10.3968/4800 ISSN 1923-841X [Prin] ISSN 1923-8428 [Online] www.cscanada.ne www.cscanada.org The Impac of Promoional Mix Elemens on

More information

Quantity Surveyors career potential as construction project managers

Quantity Surveyors career potential as construction project managers December, 2. 6. 2013 Quaniy Surveyors career poenial as consrucion projec managers Michelle Burger Deparmen of Consrucion Economics Universiy of Preoria Preoria, Souh Africa michelle.burger@up.ac.za Absrac

More information

AP Calculus BC 2010 Scoring Guidelines

AP Calculus BC 2010 Scoring Guidelines AP Calculus BC Scoring Guidelines The College Board The College Board is a no-for-profi membership associaion whose mission is o connec sudens o college success and opporuniy. Founded in, he College Board

More information

Molding. Injection. Design. GE Plastics. GE Engineering Thermoplastics DESIGN GUIDE

Molding. Injection. Design. GE Plastics. GE Engineering Thermoplastics DESIGN GUIDE apple GE Plasics GE Engineering Thermoplasics DESIGN GUIDE Wall Thickness Paring Lines Ejecion Appearance Pars Ribs/Gusses Bosses Holes Depressions Radii, Filles and Corners Molding Design Injecion s for

More information

Issues Using OLS with Time Series Data. Time series data NOT randomly sampled in same way as cross sectional each obs not i.i.d

Issues Using OLS with Time Series Data. Time series data NOT randomly sampled in same way as cross sectional each obs not i.i.d These noes largely concern auocorrelaion Issues Using OLS wih Time Series Daa Recall main poins from Chaper 10: Time series daa NOT randomly sampled in same way as cross secional each obs no i.i.d Why?

More information

Principles of price cap regulation

Principles of price cap regulation Principles of price cap regulaion Sephen P. King, Deparmen of Economics, The Universiy of Melbourne, Ausralia. The background o price cap regulaion Price cap regulaion, as an alernaive o radiional rae

More information

Academic Advising. Ultimately the college experience you build is your responsibility. Office: Phone: Web: Advising Hours:

Academic Advising. Ultimately the college experience you build is your responsibility. Office: Phone: Web: Advising Hours: C C M T a s h g i e H w e N o k o o b e id u G n io a r is g e R d n a g in is v d A, n io a n ie r Suden O ! C C M T o e m o c l We y. ne ur jo l na io a uc ed ur yo ou gh ou hr o be used ed nd e in is

More information

Genetic Education for Native Americans (GENA ) Obj 8 and Breast Cancer Risks with emphasis on Hereditary Types of Breast Cancer

Genetic Education for Native Americans (GENA ) Obj 8 and Breast Cancer Risks with emphasis on Hereditary Types of Breast Cancer Geneic Educaion for Naive Americans (GENA ) Obj 8 and Breas Cancer Risks wih emphasis on Herediary ypes of Breas Cancer Geneic Educaion for Naive Americans (GENA ) [HG01866] Obj. #08. Undersand classical

More information

Outline of Medicare Supplement Coverage

Outline of Medicare Supplement Coverage Underwrien by Serling Life Insurance Company Ouline of Medicare Supplemen Coverage Benefi Char of Medicare Supplemen Plans Sold wih Effecive Daes on or afer June 1, 2010 TX OC (09/11) Medicare Supplemen

More information

California High School Exit Examination. Local Educational Agency and Test Site Coordinator s Manual July 2014 May 2015

California High School Exit Examination. Local Educational Agency and Test Site Coordinator s Manual July 2014 May 2015 California High School Exi Examinaion Local Educaional Agency and es Sie Coordinaor s Manual July May C o n a c I n f o r m a i o n California High School Exi Examinaion (CAHSEE) Suppor and Processing

More information

The naive method discussed in Lecture 1 uses the most recent observations to forecast future values. That is, Y ˆ t + 1

The naive method discussed in Lecture 1 uses the most recent observations to forecast future values. That is, Y ˆ t + 1 Business Condiions & Forecasing Exponenial Smoohing LECTURE 2 MOVING AVERAGES AND EXPONENTIAL SMOOTHING OVERVIEW This lecure inroduces ime-series smoohing forecasing mehods. Various models are discussed,

More information

Intention Awareness in the Nutshell

Intention Awareness in the Nutshell Cener for Advanced Defense Sudies Innovaion for Peace Direcorae of Research Defense Conceps Series Augus 2004 Poin of Conac: Ammar Qusaibay ammar.qusaibay@c4ads.org Inenion Awareness in he Nushell Ammar

More information

Statistical Analysis with Little s Law. Supplementary Material: More on the Call Center Data. by Song-Hee Kim and Ward Whitt

Statistical Analysis with Little s Law. Supplementary Material: More on the Call Center Data. by Song-Hee Kim and Ward Whitt Saisical Analysis wih Lile s Law Supplemenary Maerial: More on he Call Cener Daa by Song-Hee Kim and Ward Whi Deparmen of Indusrial Engineering and Operaions Research Columbia Universiy, New York, NY 17-99

More information

Chapter 4. Properties of the Least Squares Estimators. Assumptions of the Simple Linear Regression Model. SR3. var(e t ) = σ 2 = var(y t )

Chapter 4. Properties of the Least Squares Estimators. Assumptions of the Simple Linear Regression Model. SR3. var(e t ) = σ 2 = var(y t ) Chaper 4 Properies of he Leas Squares Esimaors Assumpions of he Simple Linear Regression Model SR1. SR. y = β 1 + β x + e E(e ) = 0 E[y ] = β 1 + β x SR3. var(e ) = σ = var(y ) SR4. cov(e i, e j ) = cov(y

More information

DOES TRADING VOLUME INFLUENCE GARCH EFFECTS? SOME EVIDENCE FROM THE GREEK MARKET WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO BANKING SECTOR

DOES TRADING VOLUME INFLUENCE GARCH EFFECTS? SOME EVIDENCE FROM THE GREEK MARKET WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO BANKING SECTOR Invesmen Managemen and Financial Innovaions, Volume 4, Issue 3, 7 33 DOES TRADING VOLUME INFLUENCE GARCH EFFECTS? SOME EVIDENCE FROM THE GREEK MARKET WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO BANKING SECTOR Ahanasios

More information

Benefit-Cost Analysis

Benefit-Cost Analysis Slide 1 Benefi-Cos Analysis Sco Pearson Sanford Universiy Sco Pearson is Professor Emerius of Agriculural Economics a he Food Research Insiue, Sanford Universiy. He has paricipaed in projecs ha combined

More information

Can Individual Investors Use Technical Trading Rules to Beat the Asian Markets?

Can Individual Investors Use Technical Trading Rules to Beat the Asian Markets? Can Individual Invesors Use Technical Trading Rules o Bea he Asian Markes? INTRODUCTION In radiional ess of he weak-form of he Efficien Markes Hypohesis, price reurn differences are found o be insufficien

More information

Owens Community College

Owens Community College Sudy in he Unied Saes a: Owens Communiy College experience owens The Owens experience can help you sar he firs wo years of a bachelor s degree or prepare for a career. Owens invies you o seek your unique

More information