Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light

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1 Sun The Sun The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light

2 Plants Plants Plants need the sun to make their own food through a process called photosynthesis. Plants are a source of food for all sorts of vertebrates and invertebrates. Invertebrates can be found on any part of a plant, this includes the leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, stems and even the roots. Ebony

3 Caterpillars Caterpillars There are many different types of caterpillars. They can often be seen on the underside of leaves. Butterflies, moths, beetles and some other insect have caterpillars as larvae The Death-heads hawk moth is the biggest moth found on the island so far. Death-heads hawk moths larvae

4 Wasps Wasps There are many different species of wasps that have different hunting techniques and food sources. Sand wasps hunt for caterpillars, once it has found a caterpillar it takes it back to its burrow and lays its egg on the caterpillar. When it emerges, the wasp larvae feeds on the caterpillar and will then pupate into an adult wasp. Sand wasp

5 Cockroaches Cockroaches Cockroaches are often considered as pests, although some are, many are of them are not. The non-native Australasian cockroach is one which we find nibbling into food items such as cereals, and leaving its waste behind in unwanted places like our cupboards. Australasian cockroach

6 Wasps The Jewel wasp or cockroach killer This wasp hunts cockroaches. The cockroach is the host for the wasps larvae. The wasp stings the cockroach leaving it paralyzed. The wasp takes it back to its burrow and lays its egg in the cockroaches body. Jewel wasps or Cockroach killer On hatching, the wasp larvae feeds on the cockroach completing its lifecycle by emerging as an adult

7 True bugs Aphids Aphids are a species of true bug, which have piecing mouthpart. Aphids suck the sap from plant for there food. There are many other different types of true bug, some of them feed on plants and others hunt for invertebrates using their piercing mouthparts to suck up their food. Aphids

8 Ladybirds Ladybirds There are many different species of ladybirds, some of which are used to control pests such as aphids and is known as biocontrol. The adults and larvae both feed on aphids and are used as biocontrols. Lunate ladybird

9 Lacewings Lacewings Lacewing adults and larvae feed on aphids and are used as biocontrols to reduce the number of aphids. Brown Lacewing

10 Insects Insects Insects have six legs and many of them can fly with either one or two pairs of wings. This includes beetles, flies, crickets, grasshoppers, ants, bees and wasps. Many insects visit flowering plants to feed of the pollen and nectar. These insects are known as pollinators. The honeybee produces honey from the nectar it collects from the flowers. Painted lady butterfly

11 The Praying mantis Praying mantis The Praying mantis is a large predatory insect. This means it can feed on almost any kind of invertebrate that is big enough to get trapped between it forearms as it ambushes its pray. Springbok mantis

12 Birds Birds There are a few different types of wild birds on the island, such as sparrows, Myna birds and pigeons. The Myna bird is often seen scavenging for food. They can often be seen in gardens walking and preying on invertebrates hidden in among vegetation. The Myna bird

13 Lice Lice Lice are parasites, they suck the blood of warm blooded animals to survive. Lice are very small insects which hide in between the hair and fur of animals, and in between the feathers of birds Lice found in the hair of humans, are known as head lice. A Head louse

14 Rats and mice Rats and mice Rats and mice are well known pests and sometimes spread diseases. They are omnivores which means they eat both plants and animals. This also includes eating different types of invertebrates. A rat

15 Fleas Fleas Fleas are a jumping insect, they can be found on many different types of animals such as dogs, cats and rats. They live on animals to feed of them by sucking the animals blood. A flea

16 Cats Cats Cats are predators and eat a wide range of different foods. They are capable of hunting birds, mice and rats A cat

17 Spiders Woodlice eating spiders This spider, also known as the Red spider has very large fangs, which they use to catch their prey. They hunt in the leaf litter for woodlice which are their food. Woodlice eating spider

18 Woodlice Woodlice Woodlice are one of the creatures which help to breakdown dead and decaying plants and animals in the soil by consuming them. They can always be found under logs and stones where it is cool and damp Common woodlouse

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