Physical properties. Annealed Quenched and tempered

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1 THYROPLAST 3 / 3 SUPRA C Cr. 13. Corrosion-resistant, good polishability. We recommend the use of THYROPLAST 3 SUPRA (ESR) for the highest demands on polishability. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C Annealed Quenched and tempered Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 15 C C 5 C 3 C Annealed Quenched and tempered oulds for the processing of glass and corrosive plastics. 7 Furnace max Oil or saltbath, 5 55 C 5 Tempering C 3 5 HRC C n Cr o S Quenched and tempered plastic mould steel, hardness in as-delivered condition to 35 H. Improved machinability in comparison to THYROPLAST 311. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C Annealed Quenched and tempered Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 15 C C 5 C 3 C Annealed Quenched and tempered Plastic moulds, mould frames for plastic moulds and pressure casting dies, recipient sleeves Furnace max Oil or saltbath, 1 C 51 Tempering C HRC THYROPLAST Temperature in C 9 = 5 C 5 5 = 79 C 35 7 K P F + C S 579 Hardness HV Temperature in C 9 7 Ac 1b P S Hardness HV

2 THYROTHER 39 C Si n Cr o Ni V Good tempering resistance and high-temperature strength, easily through hardened, good weldability, nitridable and PVD and CVD coatable. Hot-work steel for forging dies, extrusion dies, press dies and many other applications. 7 Furnace or air max. 3 9 Air, oil or saltbath, 5 C C Si Cr o V High toughness, good thermal conductivity and insusceptibility to hot cracking, can be water-cooled to a limited extent. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C 7 C Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C.5.. andrels, pressure casting dies, extrusion tools. 75 Furnace max. 3 THYROTHER EFS 1 Air, oil or saltbath, 5 55 C 53 Tempering C HRC Temperature in o C ~ F + C K 15 5 S Hardness HV ~

3 THYROTHER EFS High-temperature strength diagram Tensile strength R m and. creep limit R p. in Pa R p. R m A Test temperature in C Z Area reduction at fracture Z in % Elongation at fracture A 5 in % C Si Cr o V High hot tensile strength and toughness with good thermal conductivity and insusceptibility to hot cracking. Can be water-cooled to a limited extent. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C 7 C 75 Furnace max. 3 Temperature in C F + C S Hardness 5 13 HV Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C Annealed Quenched and tempered Hot-work steel for universal use. Pressure casting dies and metal extrusion tools for processing light metals, forging dies, mandrels. oulds, screws and barrels for plastic processing, shrink rings, hot-shear blades. We recommend the use of THYROTHER 3 EFS SUPRA (ESR) for the highest demands. 13 Air, oil or saltbath, 5 55 C Tempering C HRC THYROTHER 3 EFS / 3 EFS SUPRA

4 THYROTHER 3 EFS / 3 EFS SUPRA High-temperature strength diagram Creep process Strain in Pa Tensile strength R m and. creep limit R p. in Pa R p. Z R m Test temperature in C Area reduction at fracture Z in % 1% creep limit Creep rupture strength 5 o C 55 o C o C 5 o C 55 o C o C 1 1 QT strength: 1 Pa Strain duration in hr C Si Cr o V High hot-wear resistance, high hot tensile strength and toughness. Good thermal conductivity and insusceptibility to hot cracking. Can be water-cooled to a limited extent. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C 7 C Temperature in C F+C S Hardness HV Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C Annealed Quenched and tempered Hot-work steel for universal use. Pressure casting dies and metal extrusion tools for processing light metals, forging dies, mandrels. oulds, screws and barrels for plastic processing, nitrided ejectors, hot-shear blades. We recommend the use of THYROTHER EFS SUPRA (ESR) for the highest demands. 75 Furnace max Air, oil or saltbath, 5 55 C Tempering C HRC THYROTHER EFS / EFS SUPRA

5 THYROTHER EFS / EFS SUPRA High-temperature strength diagram Creep process Strain in Pa Tensile strength R m and. creep limit R p. in Pa R p. Z R m Test temperature in C Area reduction at fracture Z in % 1% creep limit Creep rupture strength 5 o C 55 o C o C 5 o C 55 o C o C 1 1 QT strength: 1 Pa Strain duration in hr C Cr o V Good high-temperature strength and tempering resistance, good thermal conductivity, can be water-cooled, suitable for hobbing. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C Annealed Quenched and tempered Heavy-metal inner linings, extrusion rams, piercing mandrels, die inserts, heavy-metal diecasting tools. We recommend the use of THYROTHER 35 EFS SUPRA (ESR) for the highest demands. 75 Furnace max Air, oil or saltbath, 5 55 C 5 Tempering C HRC Temperature in o C P S Hardness HV THYROTHER 35 EFS / 35 EFS SUPRA

6 THYROTHER 35 EFS / 35 EFS SUPRA High-temperature strength diagram Creep process Strain in Pa Tensile strength R m and. creep limit R p. in Pa R p. Z R m Test temperature in C Area reduction at fracture Z in % 1% creep limit Creep rupture strength 5 o C 55 o C o C 5 o C 55 o C o C C Cr o V Good high-temperature strength and tempering resistance, high hardenability, low tendency to deformation. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C 7 C Temperature in o C S Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C Annealed Quenched and tempered Forging dies, diecasting moulds, heavy-metal inner linings, profiling dies and mandrels. We recommend the use of THYROTHER 37 EFS SUPRA (ESR) for the highest demands Furnace max Air, oil or saltbath, 5 55 C 57 Tempering C HRC Kontinuierliches Zeit-Temperatur-Umwandlungsschaubild P Anlassschaubild 7 5 THYROTHER 37 EFS / 37 EFS SUPRA 1 1 QT strength: 1 Pa Strain duration in hr Hardness HV

7 THYROTHER 37 EFS / 37 EFS SUPRA High-temperature strength diagram Tensile strength R m and. creep limit R p. in Pa Creep process R p, Z R m Test temperature in C Area reduction at fracture Z in % 1% creep limit Creep rupture strength 5 o C 5 o C C Cr o V % ledeburitic chromium steel, maximum wear resistance, good toughnes, best cutting-edge endurance and tempering resistance, can be nitrided after special heat treatment. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C Deburring tools, thread-rolling rolls and dies, cold extrusion tools, cutting and stamping tools for sheet thicknesses up to mm, precision cutting tools up to 1 mm. Cold pilger mandrels, circular-shear blades, deep-drawing tools, pressure pads and highly wear-resistant plastic moulds. 3 Furnace max Air, oil or saltbath, 5 55 C 3 Anlassen C HRC Special heat treatment 15 1 Air, oil or saltbath, 5 55 C 1 Tempering C (three times) HRC THYRODUR o C 55 o C Strain in Pa o C o C 1 1 QT strength: 1 Pa Strain duration in hr 5

8 THYRODUR 379 Hardening temperature: 13 C C o Ni Co Ti Non-deforming, precipitation hardening, high yield point and tensile strength combined with good toughness. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C Casings for cold extrusion tools, pressure casting dies for light metals and plastic moulds of intricate design. THYRODUR 79 Temperature in C 9 (. /min) 7 (. /min) 5 P /min 5 /min.5 /min 1.5 /min. /min S Hardness HV Solution annealing C Cooling Hardness H 5 Water max. Ageing temperature: 9 C h (air) Attainable hardness: approx. 55 HRC Hardening temperature: 1 C Precipitation diagram 1 7 Temperature in C P S Hardness HV Tensile strength R m and. creep limit R p. in Pa R m R p. 5 7 Precipitation temperature in C

9 THYROTHER 71 C Cr o Ni V Tough die steel with high tempering resistance and good through hardening. This grade is usually supplied in annealed condition or quenched and tempered to a hardness of 37 to 1 H (round) or 355 to H (square, flat). Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C Standard steel for forging dies of all kinds, mandrels, die holders, armoured trim dies, hot-shear blades. 5 7 Furnace max Oil 9 Air 5 Tempering C After quenching in oil HRC High-temperature strength diagram Tensile strength R m and. creep limit R p. in Pa R m R p. Z Test temperature in C Area reduction at fracture Z in % THYROTHER 71 Tempering C After quenching in air HRC Temperature in o C 1 1 Cooling curves for round bar cores with 5, and mm dia. on oil hardening 9 (. K/min) 7 (. K/min) P K/min mm Dmr S 5 15 Hardness RA = HV Oil Air Strain in Pa Creep process 1% creep limit Creep rupture strength 5 o C 55 o C o C 5 o C 55 o C o C 1 1 QT strength: 1 Pa Strain duration in hr 9

10 THYROTHER 7 C Cr o Ni V Tough special steel with high insusceptibility to coil breaks. Special steel for pilger mandrels which are generally delivered in a quenched and tempered condition. 7 7 Furnace max. 7 Qil C n Cr Ni o Pre-hardened plastic mould steel, hardness in as-delivered condition to 35 H. Good machinability, suitable for texturing, improved through-hardening in comparison to THYROPLAST 711, good polishability. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C 7 C Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C Large plastic moulds with deep engravings and intensive impacts on the core. THYROPLAST 7 is the logical development of THYROPLAST 311, a pre-hardened plastic mould steel for use in large moulds, which also have to display high core strength. The additional nickel content of 1 % increases the through-hardenability. THYROPLAST 7 ia a micro-alloyed, vacuum-degassed steel with the following excellent features: good machinability, outstanding polishability, good texturing properties. THYROPLAST Furnace max Polymer or oil 51 Tempering C HRC Temperature in C Kontinuierliches Zeit-Temperatur-Umwandlungsschaubild P S Hardness HV Anlassschaubild

11 THYROTHER 7 C Cr o Ni V Air-hardening special steel for hot working. High toughness and resistance to thermal fatigue. Special steel for mandrel shafts and pilger mandrels. Pre-machined or fully finished machined mandrels are usually supplied in quenched and tempered condition. 7 7 Furnace max. 7 Air or oil 9 C Si n Cr Ni Non-scaling austenitic hot-work steel, oxidizing-resistant with good cold formability. Resistant to scaling in air up to approx. 115 C. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C C Annealed Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 5 C Tools for manufacturing of glass products such as blowing iron heads and mandrels, orifices, gathering irons. Hardening C Quenching Tensile strength after quenching N/mm 1 Air or water THYROTHER 7 SUPRA

12 THYROTHER 77 / 77 SUPRA C Si n Cr Ni Heat treatable, corrosion-resistant, non-scaling hot-work steel.. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 5 Tools for glass processing. We recommend the use of THYROTHER 77 SUPRA for the highest demands Furnace max Oil or saltbath, C 7 Tempering C 3 5 After quenching in oil HRC C n Cr V Good cutting-edge endurance, dimensionally stable during heat treatment. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C 7 C Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C Tool steel for universal use, trimming tools, cutting and stamping tools for sheet thicknesses up to mm, thread-cutting tools, reamers, gauges, measuring tools, plastic moulds, shear blades, guide strips. 7 Furnace max. 79 Oil or saltbath, 1 C Tempering C 3 5 HRC THYRODUR Anlassschaubild Temperature in C (. K/min) 7 (. K/min) P K/min.5 K/min 5 K/min 1.5 K/min 3 5 S Hardness 575 HV 1 RA =

13 THYROTHER 5 EFS / 5 EFS SUPRA C Cr o V Co Cr-o-Co alloyed hot-work steel with high resistance to thermal fatigue and high-temperature strength. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C 7 C Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C Annealed 3... Quenched and tempered Diecasting tools, hot-pressing tools, extrusion tools, mainly for heavy metals. 75 Furnace max Air, oil or saltbath, 5 55 C Tempering C HRC Temperature in o C P S Hardness 1 HV Creep process Strain in Pa 1% creep limit Creep rupture strength 5 o C 55 o C o C 5 o C 55 o C o C 1 1 QT strength: 1 Pa Strain duration in hr THYROTHER 5 EFS / 5 EFS SUPRA

14 THYROTHER 999 EFS SUPRA C Si n Cr o V aximum high-temperature strength, good high-temperature wear resistance with high thermal conductivity over the entire range of service temperatures. Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C 7 C Annealed 39,,1 39,5 39, 39, 39,3 39, Hardened and tempered 3 5 HRC 33,, 35, 3, 3, 37,, Die inserts and high-speed forging tools exposed to severe wear stresses, heavy metal die casting, hot-work tools for the use at highest temperatures. 75 Furnace max Oil or saltbath, 5 55 C 57 Tempering C HRC C SI n S Cr o V <, Good high-temperature strength with improved toughness. Good thermal conductivity and insusceptibility to hot cracking. Can be water-cooled to a limited extent. Coefficient of thermal expansion 1 - m/(m K) C C 3 C C 5 C C 7 C Thermal conductivity W/(m K) C 35 C 7 C Annealed Quenched and tempered Hot-work steel for general-purpose use which is particularly suitable for applications involving high flexural stresses due to its outstanding toughness: extrusion tools for processing light metals diecasting tools for processing light metals. 7 7 Furnace max Oil or saltbath, 5 55 C 53 Tempering C HRC THYROTHER E K Temperature in o C 9 F + C5 9 P S 3 Hardness HV Temperature in C 9 7 F + C S Hardness HV

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