1 in 10 Canadians has kidney disease and millions more are at risk.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "1 in 10 Canadians has kidney disease and millions more are at risk."

Transcription

1 1 in 10 Canadians has kidney disease and millions more are at risk.

2 1 in 10 Canadians has kidney disease and most of them do not know it. There are often no symptoms when your kidneys start to fail, so people may not find out that they have kidney disease until they have already lost most of their kidney function. That is why screening and early detection are so important. This pamphlet will help you to find out if you re at risk of having kidney disease. If you are, you should ask your doctor about having your kidney function checked. It also offers simple advice that will help you to keep your kidneys healthy, longer.

3 Your kidneys are essential! Your kidneys make urine to clean out the extra water and waste products from your body and they also produce hormones that help your body make red blood cells and control your blood pressure. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) happens when your kidneys are damaged or start losing the ability to provide these essential functions for more than three months. Kidney failure is when your kidneys no longer clean much if any extra water and waste products from your blood. Most people do not progress to kidney failure, especially if they are diagnosed early and are able to take steps to protect their remaining kidney function.

4 Am I at Risk? To prevent kidney disease, or detect it early, it is important to learn about your risk factors. There are 10 key risk factors for kidney disease. Take a few minutes to read through this list of questions. The answers you provide will help you know if you should talk to your doctor about having your kidney function checked. 1. Do you have diabetes? Diabetes is a leading cause of kidney disease. Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can damage the fragile filtering system of your kidneys. 2. Do you currently smoke? In addition to increasing the risk of heart attack, stroke, lung disease and cancer, smoking also increases the risk of kidney disease. 3. Do you have high blood pressure? High blood pressure (also called hypertension) is a leading cause of kidney disease. Poorly controlled high blood pressure can cause rapid loss of kidney function by damaging the tiny filters of the kidney. 4. Have you had some type of blood vessel (vascular) disease such as heart attack, stroke, limb amputation, hardening of the arteries, or poor circulation in your legs? Vascular diseases can narrow the arteries which supply blood to the kidneys this can cause kidney damage.

5 5. Do you have a family history of kidney disease? If your mother, father, sister or brother have kidney disease you are also at risk for kidney disease. This is because some kidney diseases, such as polycystic kidney disease (PKD), are passed from one generation to another. 6. Are you currently overweight or obese? (If you aren t sure, you can check your Body Mass Index (BMI) on the Dietitians of Canada website) at If you are overweight or obese you are more likely to develop medical conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes that cause kidney damage. 7. Do you regularly take over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen (popular brand names include Advil, Aleve and Midol ). Taking NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like ibuprofen and naproxen regularly and/or over an extended period of time can cause kidney damage. If you use these medications daily or very often, speak with your doctor or your pharmacist to find out if it is safe for you to take them as frequently. 8. Have you ever had a urine test that was positive for blood or protein? If protein is detected in the urine it is a sign that the filters of the kidney are being damaged. If you ve had blood or protein in your urine you should speak to your doctor about testing to monitor how well your kidneys are functioning.

6 9. Have you ever had one or more of the following: multiple kidney stones, multiple urine infections, kidney surgery, enlarged prostate gland, cancer of the prostate gland, and/or bladder cancer? Issues and diseases involving the urinary system and/or the prostate gland can cause scarring of the kidneys and lead to reduced kidney function. 10. Are you of Aboriginal, Asian, South Asian, African- Caribbean, or Hispanic descent? Aboriginal, Asian, South Asian, African- Caribbean and Hispanic communities have higher rates of diabetes and blood pressure the two biggest risk factors for kidney disease. How many risk factors do you have? (Write the number in the box.) YOUR RISK FACTORS If you have 8 or more risk factors, you should try to schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider within the next 3 months to have your kidney function checked. Bring this information with you to review together. If you have 1-7 risk factors, you should ask your healthcare provider about having a blood and urine test to check your kidney function the next time you have an appointment (e.g. at your annual checkup) and bring this information for you to review together.

7 How to reduce your risk of kidney disease: One of the most important ways to preserve your kidney function is to gain control over other medical conditions you may have. The first step is to follow the advice of your healthcare providers and to take your medications as prescribed. If you have diabetes, it is important that you keep your blood sugar levels under control. Test your own blood sugars regularly as directed by your healthcare provider. Have an A1C test at least twice a year to find out how well your blood sugar levels are being controlled. Improving blood pressure control has proven to slow and, in some cases, stop kidney damage. Your healthcare provider can suggest ways to manage your blood pressure and help you achieve your blood pressure goal. If you are overweight, even a small (5%-10%) weight loss can have health benefits. Speak to a doctor or a registered dietitian about physical activity and a healthy eating plan to help you with your weight loss goals. If you are a smoker, quitting smoking can stop or even reverse the damage done to your kidneys. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about medication, resources and support that might work for you. Visit for more information about kidney disease, and for great tasting, low sodium and kidney-friendly recipes.

8 Learn more by visiting This material is available in accessible formats upon request by contacting or calling

DIABETES AND CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

DIABETES AND CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE DIABETES AND CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE Stages 1 4 www.kidney.org National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative Did you know that the National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes

More information

TYPE 2 DIABETES IN THE AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITY. Understanding the Complications That May Happen Without Proper Care

TYPE 2 DIABETES IN THE AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITY. Understanding the Complications That May Happen Without Proper Care TYPE 2 DIABETES IN THE AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITY Understanding the Complications That May Happen Without Proper Care STAYING HEALTHY THE IMPORTANCE OF PROPER MANAGEMENT OF TYPE 2 DIABETES Diabetes is

More information

GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) A Key to Understanding How Well Your Kidneys Are Working

GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) A Key to Understanding How Well Your Kidneys Are Working GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) A Key to Understanding How Well Your Kidneys Are Working www.kidney.org National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative Did you know that the National

More information

High blood pressure and your kidneys

High blood pressure and your kidneys High blood pressure and your kidneys T H E K I D N E Y F O U N D A T I O N O F C A N A D A 1 High blood pressure and your kidneys n What is blood pressure? Blood pressure measures the force of blood pumped

More information

ABOUT CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE: A GUIDE FOR PATIENTS

ABOUT CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE: A GUIDE FOR PATIENTS ABOUT CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE: A GUIDE FOR PATIENTS www.kidney.org About the Information in this Booklet Did you know that the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) offers guidelines and commentaries that help

More information

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic Kidney Disease Introduction Chronic kidney disease, also known as CKD, is the gradual loss of kidney function. When CKD reaches an advanced stage, dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes

More information

The kidneys are a pair of vital organs that perform many functions to keep the blood clean and chemically balanced.

The kidneys are a pair of vital organs that perform many functions to keep the blood clean and chemically balanced. KIDNEY DISEASE The kidneys are a pair of vital organs that perform many functions to keep the blood clean and chemically balanced. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They

More information

Identifying and treating long-term kidney problems (chronic kidney disease)

Identifying and treating long-term kidney problems (chronic kidney disease) Understanding NICE guidance Information for people who use NHS services Identifying and treating long-term kidney problems (chronic kidney disease) NICE clinical guidelines advise the NHS on caring for

More information

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Information for Patients What do Kidneys do and where are they? Most people have two kidneys, each the size of a fist. They lie to either side of the back bone just below the

More information

High Blood Pressure and Your Kidneys

High Blood Pressure and Your Kidneys American Kidney Fund reaching out giving hope improving lives High Blood Pressure and Your Kidneys reaching out giving hope improving lives High Blood Pressure: The #2 Cause of Kidney Failure Your doctor

More information

QUALITY OF LIFE WITH DIABETES AND CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

QUALITY OF LIFE WITH DIABETES AND CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE QUALITY OF LIFE WITH DIABETES AND CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE www.kidney.org National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative Did you know that the National Kidney Foundation's Kidney

More information

Living with Chronic Kidney Disease. Divya Jain Arwindekar, DO Transplant Nephrologist University of Illinois at Chicago

Living with Chronic Kidney Disease. Divya Jain Arwindekar, DO Transplant Nephrologist University of Illinois at Chicago Living with Chronic Kidney Disease Divya Jain Arwindekar, DO Transplant Nephrologist University of Illinois at Chicago What is Chronic Kidney Disease? Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Gradual loss of Kidney

More information

DIABETES. Eyes, Heart, Nerves, Feet, and Kidneys. www.kidney.org

DIABETES. Eyes, Heart, Nerves, Feet, and Kidneys. www.kidney.org DIABETES Eyes, Heart, Nerves, Feet, and Kidneys www.kidney.org About the Information in this Booklet Did you know that the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) offers guidelines and commentaries that help

More information

Chronic Kidney Disease and Diabetes

Chronic Kidney Disease and Diabetes Anyone with diabetes can get kidney disease. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of kidney disease, and people often have both. Chronic (long term) kidney disease (CKD) caused by

More information

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND YOUR KIDNEYS

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND YOUR KIDNEYS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND YOUR KIDNEYS www.kidney.org About the Information in this Booklet Did you know that the National Kidney (NKF) Foundation offers guidelines and commentaries that help your healthcare

More information

Your Kidneys: Master Chemists of the Body

Your Kidneys: Master Chemists of the Body Your Kidneys: Master Chemists of the Body www.kidney.org National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative Did you know that the National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes

More information

hiv and ChrONiC kidney disease WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

hiv and ChrONiC kidney disease WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW hiv and ChrONiC kidney disease WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW HIV AND CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW CONTENTS What Is HIV?... 2 If I Have HIV, Does It Mean I also Have AIDS?... 2 Why Do I Need to

More information

High Blood pressure and chronic kidney disease

High Blood pressure and chronic kidney disease High Blood pressure and chronic kidney disease For People with CKD Stages 1 4 www.kidney.org National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative Did you know that the National Kidney

More information

High Blood Pressure and Your Kidneys

High Blood Pressure and Your Kidneys High Blood Pressure and Your Kidneys About 65 million Americans have high blood pressure, but as many as one third or three in 10 don't even know it. There are usually no signs or symptoms that your blood

More information

High Blood Pressure and Your Kidneys

High Blood Pressure and Your Kidneys American Kidney Fund 6110 Executive Boulevard, Suite 1010 Rockville, MD 20852 Phone: (301) 881-3052, Fax: (301) 881-0898 Toll-Free: (800) 638-8299 HelpLine: (866) 300-2900 HelpLine@kidneyfund.org http://www.kidneyfund.org

More information

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a very general term used by health care professionals to indicate that our kidneys are damaged, diseased or not functioning

More information

PAIN MEDICINES AND YOUR KIDNEYS

PAIN MEDICINES AND YOUR KIDNEYS PAIN MEDICINES AND YOUR KIDNEYS What You Need to Know www.kidney.org National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative Did you know that the National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease

More information

Preventing & Managing Complications of Diabetes

Preventing & Managing Complications of Diabetes Preventing & Managing Complications of Diabetes Target Audience: Persons with diabetes and family members Objectives: Participants will be able to: 1. identify the complications associated with diabetes

More information

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) General Information. Patient information Leaflet

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) General Information. Patient information Leaflet Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) General Information Patient information Leaflet 1 st July 2016 WHAT IS THE AORTA? The aorta is the largest artery (blood vessel) in the body. It carries blood from the heart

More information

High Blood Pressure (Essential Hypertension)

High Blood Pressure (Essential Hypertension) Sacramento Heart & Vascular Medical Associates February 18, 2012 500 University Ave. Sacramento, CA 95825 Page 1 916-830-2000 Fax: 916-830-2001 What is essential hypertension? Blood pressure is the force

More information

Prostate Cancer Screening. A Decision Guide for African Americans

Prostate Cancer Screening. A Decision Guide for African Americans Prostate Cancer Screening A Decision Guide for African Americans This booklet was developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Published

More information

HIDDEN HEALTH RISKS Kidney Disease, Diabetes, and High Blood Pressure

HIDDEN HEALTH RISKS Kidney Disease, Diabetes, and High Blood Pressure HIDDEN HEALTH RISKS Kidney Disease, Diabetes, and High Blood Pressure www.kidney.org About the Information in this Booklet Did you know that the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) offers guidelines and commentaries

More information

Diabetes and kidney disease. The foundation of kidney care.

Diabetes and kidney disease. The foundation of kidney care. Diabetes and kidney disease The foundation of kidney care. T H E K I D N E Y F O U N D A T I O N O F C A N A D A 1 Diabetes and kidney disease What is diabetes? Diabetes is a disease that is caused by

More information

YOUR GUIDE TO. Lowering The Risk of Heart Attack and Stroke

YOUR GUIDE TO. Lowering The Risk of Heart Attack and Stroke YOUR GUIDE TO Lowering The Risk of Heart Attack and Stroke The Mercy Health Heart Institute team is focused on helping you keep your heart healthy. As part of this effort, it s important for you to know

More information

Understanding. Chronic Kidney Disease

Understanding. Chronic Kidney Disease R E N A L R E S O U R C E C E N T R E Understanding Chronic Kidney Disease Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease Most causes of chronic kidney failure are diseases that are not usually accompanied by symptoms

More information

Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants

Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants Release Date October 1, 2003 Revised December 2006 Revised March 2012 Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants American Society of Transplantation 1120 Route 73, Suite 200 Mount Laurel,

More information

MANAGE YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE

MANAGE YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE www.irishheart.ie MANAGE YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE and reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke What is blood pressure? Everyone has blood pressure. It shows the amount of work that your heart has to do

More information

The PSA Test for Prostate Cancer Screening:

The PSA Test for Prostate Cancer Screening: For more information, please contact your local VA Medical Center or Health Clinic. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Patient Care Services Health Promotion and Disease

More information

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. Diabetes Definition Diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. Causes Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused

More information

Diabetes - Introduction

Diabetes - Introduction Diabetes - Introduction Introduction Diabetes is a disease that affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Your health care provider may have informed you that you have diabetes. Although there

More information

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic Kidney Disease Sussex Kidney Unit Patient Information Contents Page Introduction 3 What does a healthy kidney do? 3 What is chronic kidney disease? 4 5 What causes kidney disease? 5 What happens

More information

Type 2 diabetes in adults: controlling your blood glucose by taking a second medicine what are your options?

Type 2 diabetes in adults: controlling your blood glucose by taking a second medicine what are your options? Patient decision aid Type 2 diabetes in adults: controlling your blood glucose by taking a second medicine what are your options? nice.org.uk/guidance/ng28 Published: December 2015 About this decision

More information

Heart disease - risk factors

Heart disease - risk factors Heart disease - risk factors Summary There is no single thing that causes CHD, but there are several risk factors that contribute to it. You can reduce your risk of developing CHD by reducing or removing

More information

Treat Diabetes. High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia)

Treat Diabetes. High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia) Chapter 5 High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia) You Will Learn About: 1. High blood sugar and the signs and symptoms a. What is high blood sugar? b. What are the signs and symptoms of high blood sugar? c. What

More information

Prostate Cancer Screening. A Decision Guide

Prostate Cancer Screening. A Decision Guide Prostate Cancer Screening A Decision Guide This booklet was developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Is screening right for you?

More information

Facts About Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.)

Facts About Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.) Facts About Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.) One in every 20 Americans over the age of 50 has P.A.D., a condition that raises the risk for heart attack and stroke. Peripheral arterial disease, or P.A.D.,

More information

What is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)?

What is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)? What is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)? Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease. For People With CKD Stages 1 4

High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease. For People With CKD Stages 1 4 High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease For People With CKD Stages 1 4 National Kidney Foundation s Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI ) The National Kidney Foundation s Kidney

More information

An Overview and Guide to Healthy Living with Type 2 Diabetes

An Overview and Guide to Healthy Living with Type 2 Diabetes MEETING YOUR GOALS An Overview and Guide to Healthy Living with Type 2 Diabetes MEETING YOUR GOALS This brochure was designed to help you understand the health goals to live a healthy lifestyle with type

More information

Information for Childhood Cancer Survivors. Kidney Problems

Information for Childhood Cancer Survivors. Kidney Problems Kidney problems Some chemotherapy drugs can affect the kidneys. The kidneys break down and remove many chemotherapy drugs from the body. When chemotherapy drugs get broken down, they may make products

More information

Weight-Loss Surgery for Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes Who Are at the Lower Levels of Obesity

Weight-Loss Surgery for Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes Who Are at the Lower Levels of Obesity Weight-Loss Surgery for Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes Who Are at the Lower Levels of Obesity A Review of the Research for Adults With a BMI Between 30 and 35 Is This Information Right for Me? If

More information

Facts About Kidney Disease

Facts About Kidney Disease American Kidney Fund 6110 Executive Boulevard, Suite 1010 Rockville, MD 20852 Phone: (301) 881-3052, Fax: (301) 881-0898 Toll-Free: (800) 638-8299 Informacion En Español: (866) 300-2900 HelpLine@kidneyfund.org

More information

Blood Pressure and Your Health

Blood Pressure and Your Health Blood Pressure and Your Health YOUR GUIDE TO: Blood pressure basics The danger of high blood pressure Steps to avoid or lower high blood pressure I started measuring my blood pressure at home after I learned

More information

Blood Pressure and Your Health

Blood Pressure and Your Health Sources for more information about blood pressure American Society of Hypertension (ASH) (866) 696-9099 www.ash-us.org Visit the ASH Web site for more information about the Hypertension Community Outreach

More information

Diabetes and Your Kidneys

Diabetes and Your Kidneys American Kidney Fund reaching out giving hope improving lives Diabetes and Your Kidneys reaching out giving hope improving lives Diabetes: The #1 Cause of Kidney Failure Your doctor told you that you have

More information

Diabetes FAQs. What is Diabetes? What is insulin?

Diabetes FAQs. What is Diabetes? What is insulin? Diabetes FAQs What is Diabetes? What is insulin? My doctor said I have pre-diabetes or I am borderline diabetic. Do I need to worry? What is hemoglobin A1c? What is the difference between type 1 and type

More information

Diabetic Nephropathy

Diabetic Nephropathy University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust Leicester General Hospital a patients guide Renal Services & Urology Directorate Diabetic Nephropathy 3/05/JP Questions regularly asked by Patients What do Kidneys

More information

NKF Peers KNOW YOUR NUMBERS (STAGES 1-4 CKD) 855.NKF.PEERS GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS:

NKF Peers KNOW YOUR NUMBERS (STAGES 1-4 CKD) 855.NKF.PEERS GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS: GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS: Ask your healthcare team about your goal for each item. Write it in the Goal column. Record the date(s) you are tested and the results. If your numbers are not on goal, ask your healthcare

More information

Do your legs hurt when you walk?

Do your legs hurt when you walk? A PATIENT GUIDE Do your legs hurt when you walk? Information about leg pain from poor circulation A PATIENT GUIDE Leg pain and peripheral vascular disease Circulatory system and fatty deposit build up

More information

Is a kidney transplant right for me?

Is a kidney transplant right for me? Is a kidney transplant right for me? Your guide to the transplant process www.esrdncc.org Contents Introduction 3 What is a Transplant Center? 4 What is the Waiting List? 5 What Happens After the Surgery?

More information

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Risk factors are traits and life-style habits that increase a person's chances of having coronary artery and vascular disease. Some risk factors cannot be changed or

More information

Chronic Diseases. Between 2005 and 2007 there were no significant changes in any of the adult behaviors reported through the BRFSS.

Chronic Diseases. Between 2005 and 2007 there were no significant changes in any of the adult behaviors reported through the BRFSS. Chronic Diseases Chronic diseases and conditions, such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes and obesity, are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. Chronic diseases account for

More information

Peritoneal Dialysis. Ureter. Prostate

Peritoneal Dialysis. Ureter. Prostate Peritoneal Dialysis Introduction Peritoneal dialysis, or PD for short, is one way to cleanse the blood when the kidneys are no longer able to remove waste. Kidney failure is estimated to be increasing

More information

Prediabetes. Your guide to reducing your risk for the development of diabetes BRING THIS BOOKLET TO YOUR NEXT DOCTOR S VISIT.

Prediabetes. Your guide to reducing your risk for the development of diabetes BRING THIS BOOKLET TO YOUR NEXT DOCTOR S VISIT. Prediabetes Your guide to reducing your risk for the development of diabetes BRING THIS BOOKLET TO YOUR NEXT DOCTOR S VISIT. Getting Started This guide will: 1. Provide you with information to help you

More information

know your numbers target your blood pressure Initiated by the World Hypertension League

know your numbers target your blood pressure Initiated by the World Hypertension League know your numbers target your blood pressure Initiated by the World Hypertension League MAY 17, 2011 what is hypertension? Hypertension is most commonly known as High Blood Pressure. It is a chronic medical

More information

Femoral artery bypass graft (Including femoral crossover graft)

Femoral artery bypass graft (Including femoral crossover graft) Femoral artery bypass graft (Including femoral crossover graft) Why do I need the operation? You have a blockage or narrowing of the arteries supplying blood to your leg. This reduces the blood flow to

More information

Learn about Diabetes. Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. You can learn how to take care of your diabetes.

Learn about Diabetes. Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. You can learn how to take care of your diabetes. Learn about Diabetes You can learn how to take care of your diabetes and prevent some of the serious problems diabetes can cause. The more you know, the better you can manage your diabetes. Share this

More information

LIVING WITH REDUCED KIDNEY FUNCTION

LIVING WITH REDUCED KIDNEY FUNCTION Book One LIVING WITH REDUCED KIDNEY FUNCTION 5th Edition 1 Here to help you Your healthcare team including your primary care provider, nephrologist (kidney doctor), dietitian, nurses, pharmacist, social

More information

Diabetes 101: A Brief Overview of Diabetes and the American Diabetes Association What Happens When We Eat?

Diabetes 101: A Brief Overview of Diabetes and the American Diabetes Association What Happens When We Eat? Diabetes 101: A Brief Overview of Diabetes and the American Diabetes Association What Happens When We Eat? After eating, most food is turned into glucose, the body s main source of energy. 1 Normal Blood

More information

Sores That Will Not Heal

Sores That Will Not Heal Sores That Will Not Heal Introduction Some sores have trouble healing on their own. Sores that will not heal are a common problem. Open sores that will not heal are also known as wounds or skin ulcers.

More information

Health Passport. Your Journey to Wellness. Health Fair ID#

Health Passport. Your Journey to Wellness. Health Fair ID# Health Passport Your Journey to Wellness Health Fair ID# Body Mass Index What is BMI? Your body mass index, or BMI, shows the amount of fat in your body. BMI is calculated using height, weight, and waist

More information

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Patient Education Improving Health Through Education What is blood pressure? Every time your heart beats, it pumps out blood into your arteries. As the blood goes all

More information

Getting the most from blood pressure medicines

Getting the most from blood pressure medicines P R E S S U R E P O I N T S S E R I E S : NO. 4 Getting the most from blood pressure medicines B L O O D P R E S S U R E A S S O C I AT I O N Pressure Points series Pressure Points is a series of booklets

More information

How to Prevent Heart Disease

How to Prevent Heart Disease How to Prevent Heart Disease Introduction Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. You can reduce your risk of heart disease with healthy habits. This reference summary explains heart disease

More information

What You Need to Know about High Blood Cholesterol

What You Need to Know about High Blood Cholesterol What You Need to Know about High Blood Why is high cholesterol bad? is a natural substance found in our diet and made by our liver. It is important for many functions throughout our body. High blood cholesterol

More information

Am I at Risk for type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower the Risk of Getting Diabetes NATIONAL DIABETES INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE

Am I at Risk for type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower the Risk of Getting Diabetes NATIONAL DIABETES INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE NATIONAL DIABETES INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE Am I at Risk for type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower the Risk of Getting Diabetes U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health

More information

Kidney Disease WHAT IS KIDNEY DISEASE? TESTS TO DETECT OR DIAGNOSE KIDNEY DISEASE TREATMENT STRATEGIES FOR KIDNEY DISEASE

Kidney Disease WHAT IS KIDNEY DISEASE? TESTS TO DETECT OR DIAGNOSE KIDNEY DISEASE TREATMENT STRATEGIES FOR KIDNEY DISEASE Kidney Disease WHAT IS KIDNEY DISEASE? Kidney disease is when your kidneys are damaged and not functioning as they should. When kidney disease is not going away it is called chronic kidney disease or CKD.

More information

What you don't know may hurt you. The integrated system of the heart and blood vessels is known as the cardiovascular system.

What you don't know may hurt you. The integrated system of the heart and blood vessels is known as the cardiovascular system. The Inside Story on Blood Pressure What you don't know may hurt you. The integrated system of the heart and blood vessels is known as the cardiovascular system. Underwritten by Novartis 2005 ANATOMICAL

More information

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Causes, incidence, and risk factors Causes, incidence, and risk factors Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. To understand diabetes,

More information

BROUGHT TO YOU BY. Diabetes

BROUGHT TO YOU BY. Diabetes BROUGHT TO YOU BY Diabetes Inside This Issue: You Can t Eat Sugar and Other Diabetes Myths How to Prevent Diabetes When You re at High Risk Could Your Child Have Diabetes? Should You Be Tested for Diabetes?

More information

Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1

Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 What Is It? Diabetes is a common disorder. It s marked by high blood sugar. Insulin controls how much sugar stays in your blood. The pancreas makes the hormone insulin. People

More information

Blood Pressure Weight BMI. Numbers KNOW YOUR LDL/HDL. Triglycerides. holesterol

Blood Pressure Weight BMI. Numbers KNOW YOUR LDL/HDL. Triglycerides. holesterol Blood Pressure Weight BMI Blood Sugar KNOW YOUR holesterol LDLHDL Numbers Triglycerides Your health truly is the most important thing in your life. Knowing your medical history and getting annual checkups

More information

Nutrition and chronic kidney disease. The foundation of kidney care.

Nutrition and chronic kidney disease. The foundation of kidney care. Nutrition and chronic kidney disease The foundation of kidney care. Table of Contents n Introduction n Why is proper nutrition so important? n What is the role of the registered dietitian? n Will I need

More information

Type 2 diabetes Definition

Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Causes Diabetes

More information

Diabetes, Type 2. RelayClinical Patient Education Sample Topic Diabetes, Type 2. What is type 2 diabetes? How does it occur?

Diabetes, Type 2. RelayClinical Patient Education Sample Topic Diabetes, Type 2. What is type 2 diabetes? How does it occur? What is type 2 diabetes? Type 2 diabetes is a disorder that happens when your body does not make enough insulin or is unable to use its own insulin properly. The inability to use insulin is called insulin

More information

DIABETES YOUR GUIDE TO

DIABETES YOUR GUIDE TO YOUR GUIDE TO DIABETES b What is diabetes? b Type 2 diabetes prevention b Prevention checklist b Living with diabetes b Complications b Terms to know b Resources To promote and protect the health of Canadians

More information

MEDICATION GUIDE COUMADIN (COU-ma-din) (warfarin sodium)

MEDICATION GUIDE COUMADIN (COU-ma-din) (warfarin sodium) MEDICATION GUIDE COUMADIN (COU-ma-din) (warfarin sodium) Read this Medication Guide before you start taking COUMADIN (warfarin sodium) and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This

More information

Kidney Health: Secrets we all need to be talking about

Kidney Health: Secrets we all need to be talking about Kidney Health: Secrets we all need to be talking about Tipu S. Puri M.D., Ph.D. University of Chicago Medicine Chair, NKFI Professional Advisory Board A patient Michael o 36 year old male o African-american

More information

Kidney Disease: A Silent Problem

Kidney Disease: A Silent Problem Kidney Disease: A Silent Problem kidneys Henry has been having a hard time managing his health. He knows he s got high blood pressure and diabetes, but he just can t resist extra helpings of his wife s

More information

Diet and haemodialysis

Diet and haemodialysis Diet and haemodialysis This leaflet is for patients with kidney disease who are receiving haemodialysis treatment. If you have any further questions, please contact us using the details below and on the

More information

Mild-to-moderate Chronic Kidney Disease

Mild-to-moderate Chronic Kidney Disease Page 1 of 5 Mild-to-moderate Chronic Kidney Disease If you have chronic kidney disease (CKD) then your kidneys are not working as well as they once did. Various conditions can cause CKD. Severity can vary

More information

Edema. Edema can also be caused by certain medical conditions or medications. It is also common in pregnant women.

Edema. Edema can also be caused by certain medical conditions or medications. It is also common in pregnant women. Edema Introduction Edema is swelling caused by extra fluid in the tissue of the body. It usually happens in the feet, ankles and legs, but it can involve your entire body. There are many causes of edema,

More information

UNDERSTANDING BLOOD PRESSURE

UNDERSTANDING BLOOD PRESSURE UNDERSTANDING BLOOD PRESSURE A HANDY GUIDE TO UNDERSTANDING WHAT BLOOD PRESSURE IS, HOW IT AFFECTS YOU, AND HOW TO MEASURE IT AT HOME Authored by the Texas Department of State Health Services Health Promotion

More information

Other Noninfectious Diseases. Chapter 31 Lesson 3

Other Noninfectious Diseases. Chapter 31 Lesson 3 Other Noninfectious Diseases Chapter 31 Lesson 3 Diabetes Diabetes- a chronic disease that affects the way body cells convert food into energy. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death by disease

More information

Reduce Stroke Risk - Control Your Blood Pressure

Reduce Stroke Risk - Control Your Blood Pressure Reduce Stroke Risk - Control Your Blood Pressure What is blood pressure? Blood is carried from the heart to the rest of your body in vessels called arteries. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing

More information

AV Fistula for Dialysis

AV Fistula for Dialysis AV Fistula for Dialysis Introduction Before starting regular hemodialysis sessions, you must first prepare a vascular access. A vascular access is the site on your body where blood is removed and returned

More information

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes The Family Library Understanding Diabetes What is Diabetes? Diabetes is caused when the body has a problem in making or using insulin. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas and is needed for the

More information

Take Control of your. Blood Pressure

Take Control of your. Blood Pressure Take Control of your Blood Pressure Croí works to improve the quality of life for all through the prevention and control of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and obesity. Our specialist health team equip

More information

THE NHS HEALTH CHECK AND INSURANCE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

THE NHS HEALTH CHECK AND INSURANCE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS THE NHS HEALTH CHECK AND INSURANCE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Introduction The following document has been produced by the Department of Health in partnership with the Association of British Insurers,

More information

Understanding. Pancreatic Cancer

Understanding. Pancreatic Cancer Understanding Pancreatic Cancer Understanding Pancreatic Cancer The Pancreas The pancreas is an organ that is about 6 inches long. It s located deep in your belly between your stomach and backbone. Your

More information

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Page 1 of 5 High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) If you have high blood pressure, you have an increased risk of developing heart disease, a stroke, and other serious conditions. In some cases blood pressure

More information

Life After Angioplasty

Life After Angioplasty After The Cath A Guide To Recovery Lab Life After Angioplasty Maybe you had a heart attack or maybe you had a procedure to relieve chest pain. Either way, your cardiologist opened blockages in your arteries.

More information

Exercise. Good Weight A PT E R. Staying Healthy

Exercise. Good Weight A PT E R. Staying Healthy Eat Healthy Foods Keep at a Good Weight Exercise Don t Smoke Get Regular Checkups Take Care of Stress A PT E R CH Staying Healthy 6 81 How Can I Stay Healthy? You can do many things to prevent poor health

More information

Diabetes. Patient Education. What you need to know. Diabetes Facts. Improving Health Through Education. What is Diabetes?

Diabetes. Patient Education. What you need to know. Diabetes Facts. Improving Health Through Education. What is Diabetes? Diabetes What you need to know Diabetes Facts More than 3 million Canadians have diabetes (Canadian Diabetes Association, 2009). It is the 4th leading cause of death in the world (CDA, 2009). Patient Education

More information

High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease

High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease For People with CKD Stages 1 4 www.kidney.org National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative Did you know that the National Kidney

More information